How many people live in Britain? We haven't the foggiest ideaBritish jobs for British workers. A few weeks ago a young Russian boy started working in our greengrocer's shop in north London North London is a part of London, England which has several possible definitions. River & geography
The part of London north of the River Thames (illustrated). , a pleasant, old-fashioned kind of place that somehow survives the competition from Tesco and Waitrose. The Russian has a lovely smile. He came, he told me, from a city in the middle of Russia that made chemicals and there never knew a word of English. Now he speaks it very well. I asked his boss, who's worked in the shop for decades, why he hadn't continued with English boys. "Useless," he said. "They don't wanna wan·na
1. Contraction of want to: You wanna go now?
2. Contraction of want a: You wanna slice of pie? know and they can't count. And you have to keep your eye on the till."
In this little street of shops, there are Russians everywhere. Behind the counter in the deli, cutting meat in the backroom back·room
n. or back room
1. A room located at the rear.
2. The meeting place used by an inconspicuous controlling group.
1. of the butcher's, hammering into the tarmac with power drills - not Abramovich Russians but the people the oligarchs fleeced, not EU citizens but here nevertheless and working hard. There are also, of course, Poles, Lithuanians and Latvians as well as the older generation of immigrants who now seem as traditional as half-timbered architecture: Greeks, Turks, Indians, Chinese. On the packed No 19 buses that come up the hill from town, every language in Europe is being talked into mobile phones. Several I can only guess at. It wasn't like this 10 years ago and then suddenly it was. "Nobody told us it would happen" is a weary cliche but true. In fact, at the time of EU enlargement, government politicians said the opposite. People now feel that they have a better understanding of the extent of this social change than their leaders do; that they were there on the front line, seeing and hearing, when the general staff was juggling with numbers back at HQ.
In the science of demography, Britain has returned to the 18th century, when the great riddle and controversy was how many people lived here. People-counting was an ancient idea practised by civilisations and empires that needed numbers to compute taxes and raise armies: the Babylonians, the Chinese, the Romans. King David was David Was (born David Weiss, 26 October 1952, Detroit) is, with his stage-brother Don Was, the founder of the influential 1980s pop group, Was (Not Was).
Reviewed by The New York Times trying to count the Hebrews when a plague intervened, thus connecting the idea of census-taking to the wrath of God in much of the Christian world (making it sacrilegious sac·ri·le·gious
1. Grossly irreverent toward what is or is held to be sacred.
2. Having committed sacrilege.
sac among church-goers and delaying its introduction to the USA): it was a census, after all, that took Joseph back to Bethlehem. At the start of the 18th century, Britain, a country on the brink of world leadership in many branches of science, persisted in using estimates reached by counting the revenues from hearth and window taxes, or from inadequate parish registers and the figures for the consumption of bread. When Jenner successfully experimented with vaccination, just a few years before the century's end, he had no proper estimate of the population to whom it might apply.
The plain method was to choose a day in the year and dispatch enumerators to every house in the country, to record the number of people who had stayed there in the previous 12 hours as well as details of their age and sex. But a bill proposing this vulgar technique was defeated in the Lords in 1753 after loud opposition in the Commons. Mathew Ridley, MP for Newcastle, said that his constituents (Christians, aware of King David's trouble) feared that "some great public misfortune or an epidemical distemper distemper, in veterinary medicine, highly contagious, catarrhal, often fatal disease of dogs. It also affects wolves, foxes, mink, raccoons, and ferrets. Distemper is caused by a filtrable virus that is airborne; it is also spread by infected utensils, brushes, and " would follow the numbering. William Thornton, MP for York, protested that a census would be "totally subversive of the last remains of English liberty" (much like identity cards).
The pressure for a census came from two contradictory fears. The first, which ran through most of the century, was that the population was shrinking. This worry was common to most of Europe. Long wars, pandemics and epidemics, the expulsion of the Moors, "decadence" and "effeminacy Effeminacy
Gainsborough painting depicting princely lad with sissyish overtones. [Br. Art.: Misc.]
Fauntleroy, Little Lord
title-inheriting, yellow-curled sissy in velvet. [Am. Lit. " among the ruling classes, celibacy in the priesthood: such things combined to produce an idea of failing and unreproductive societies. In Britain, the worry was gin. A Nonconformist minister and insurance broker, the Rev Richard Price
See also Dissipation, Profligacy.
Debt (See BANKRUPTCY, POVERTY.)
Borgia pope infamous for licentiousness and debauchery. [Ital. Hist.: Plumb, 219–220]
(Gk. and voluptuousness", were among the causes. Debauchery, oddly, had not allowed them to breed enough. And then 18 years later the economist Thomas Malthus stood the problem on its head: too many people rather than too few was the danger, the poor were breeding too much. Only in 1801 was informative light shed on the argument. England and Wales England and Wales are both constituent countries of the United Kingdom, that together share a single legal system: English law. Legislatively, England and Wales are treated as a single unit (see State (law)) for the conflict of laws. contained 9,168,000 people and Scotland 1,600,000.
How many Russians now live in Islington or Lithuanians in Thetford? Even if there were figures, few people would trust them. This week on BBC's Question Time, David Dimbleby David Dimbleby CBE (born October 28, 1938) is a long standing BBC TV commentator, a presenter of current affairs and political programmes, and more recently, art and architectural history series. asked the audience if they would believe any statistic mentioned by a politician and the audience roared no. The quarrel is no longer between parties - over whether, say, 1.13m of the 2.17m jobs created since 1997 have been filled by foreign nationals (as the government this week eventually conceded) or if that first figure should be 1.5m (as the Tory party claims). Among statisticians Statisticians or people who made notable contributions to the theories of statistics, or related aspects of probability, or machine learning: A to E
How does the survey work? By sampling and extrapolating rather than counting. According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. Michael Blastland writing in the Evening Standard, "For ferry passengers, a team in blue blazers stands at the top of each of stairs into the passenger deck and scribbles a quick description of every 10th [passenger] aboard. As the ship sails, the blazers go hunting for their sample, the woman in the green hat, the trucker in overalls by the slot machine, and ask them if they plan to stay, then extrapolate extrapolate - extrapolation ."
We may believe that we are having a new, non-racist and necessary conversation about immigration immigration, entrance of a person (an alien) into a new country for the purpose of establishing permanent residence. Motives for immigration, like those for migration generally, are often economic, although religious or political factors may be very important. and population, but the information to hand is the equivalent of counting window tax. The fogs of the 18th century have rolled in again.