How Play and Work Are Organized in a Kindergarten Classroom.
Using a structuralist ethnographic eth·nog·ra·phy
The branch of anthropology that deals with the scientific description of specific human cultures.
eth·nog approach, this study describes the symbolic texts, stories, myths and rituals of one kindergarten kindergarten [Ger.,=garden of children], system of preschool education. Friedrich Froebel designed (1837) the kindergarten to provide an educational situation less formal than that of the elementary school but one in which children's creative play instincts would be classroom, especially as they influence children's play and work in that classroom. Analysis of the early morning work period, the morning meeting period and the activity period make the classroom culture explicit as to the work/play patterning, which indicates that work is the most important activity. Contextual messages giving more importance to work can be seen in the timing of work and play (work comes first), the attention drawn to it (it occurs when parents are observing), the space restrictions during work time that prevent play, the words teachers use when giving directions and commending accomplishments, the ambiguity Ambiguity
ultimate authority in ancient Greece; often speaks in ambiguous terms. [Gk. Hist.: Leach, 305]
pledge to husband has double meaning. [Arth. of expectations communicated in the activity (play) period, the lack of teacher interaction during that period, and the structural cuing and interruptions that prevent in-depth play and focus children's priorities on completing work tasks.
The study has a number of important implications for reflective Refers to light hitting an opaque surface such as a printed page or mirror and bouncing back. See reflective media and reflective LCD. teachers. First, it suggests that teachers should be taking a good look at what work-biased context cues and interaction strategies are evident in their classrooms, even in those where the stated philosophy is derived from Froebel and Dewey. Teachers are often not aware of the messages about cultural patterns their strategies give because of their own embeddedness in the pervading American culture. Second, the study points out some questionable strategies that communicate less valuing of play and inhibit inhibit /in·hib·it/ (in-hib´it) to retard, arrest, or restrain.
1. To hold back; restrain.
2. the occurrence of the "play to work flow" recommended by Dewey. By noting what these inhibiting in·hib·it
tr.v. in·hib·it·ed, in·hib·it·ing, in·hib·its
1. To hold back; restrain. See Synonyms at restrain.
2. To prohibit; forbid.
3. strategies are, teachers can determine what different strategies might be used if they wish to foster the play/work connections that enhance developmentally appropriate learning.