Heavy drinkers 'at increased cancer risk'.Byline: ANI
Washington, Aug 4 (ANI): People who drink a lot of beer and spirits face a much higher risk of developing cancer than the population at large, a new study has found.
The finding, by a group of Montreal epidemiologists and cancer researchers, shows that people in the highest consumption category increased their risk of developing oesophageal oesophageal
see esophageal. cancer sevenfold sevenfold
1. having seven times as many or as much
2. composed of seven parts
by seven times as many or as much
Adj. 1. , colon cancer colon cancer, cancer of any part of the colon (often called the large intestine). Colon cancer is the second most common cancer diagnosed in the United States. by 80 percent and even lung cancer lung cancer, cancer that originates in the tissues of the lungs. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States in both men and women. Like other cancers, lung cancer occurs after repeated insults to the genetic material of the cell. by 50 percent.
In all, the researchers found statistically significant relationships between heavy consumption of beer and spririts and six different cancers. Moderate drinking (i.e. less than daily) and wine consumption did not show the same effects, however.
The research was conducted by Dr. Andrea Benedetti of McGill University, Dr. Marie-Elise Parent of INRS-Institut Armand Frappier and Dr. Jack Siemiatycki of the UniversitE[umlaut] de MontrE[umlaut]al.
"We looked at the data in two ways," said Benedetti, an assistant professor at McGill's Departments of Medicine and of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health.
"We compared people who drank heavily to our reference group, who abstained or drank only very occasionally. We also looked for trends across our categories: non-drinkers, weekly drinkers and daily drinkers. The results were astounding a·stound
tr.v. a·stound·ed, a·stound·ing, a·stounds
To astonish and bewilder. See Synonyms at surprise.
[From Middle English astoned, past participle of astonen, .
"We saw increased risk for esophageal cancer Esophageal Cancer Definition
Esophageal cancer is a malignancy that develops in tissues of the hollow, muscular canal (esophagus) along which food and liquid travel from the throat to the stomach. , stomach cancer, colon cancer, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, lung cancer and prostate cancer," Benedetti added.
"The strongest risk was for esophageal and liver cancer," the expert further said.
"This study crystalizes many strands of evidence from different studies on different types of cancer and alcohol consumption," said Dr. Jack Siematycki, professor, Canada Research Chair Canada Research Chairs (CRCs) are Canadian university research professorships created through the Canada Research Chairs Program. Program goals
The program, established in 2000, is an integral part of a Government of Canada plan to drive Canadian research and development and Guzzo Chair in Environment and Cancer, at the UniversitE[umlaut] de MontrE[umlaut]al.
To reach the conclusion, researchers used data originally collected for a large occupational cancer study conducted in Montreal in the 1980s. The information was a treasure-trove, said Benedetti.
"Lifetime interviews were conducted with people about their job histories, and detailed information about all the things they could have been exposed to was collected," she explained.
"As it turns out, the data also included information about non-occupational factors such as drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, diet and socio-economic status, among others," she added. (ANI)
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