Hackers top list of cybercriminals.
A review of cybercrime cybercrime
also known as computer crime
Any use of a computer as an instrument to further illegal ends, such as committing fraud, trafficking in child pornography and intellectual property, stealing identities, or violating privacy. incidents reported around the world between January 2002 and March 2003 shows that general hacking--where the perpetrators had "no connection to the company" and "acted not for financial gain but for political reasons, sheer vandalism, or as a show of their hacking skills"--was by Far the most common type of cybercrime reported, followed by hacking for financial gain and crimes committed against organizations by disgruntled dis·grun·tle
tr.v. dis·grun·tled, dis·grun·tling, dis·grun·tles
To make discontented.
[dis- + gruntle, to grumble (from Middle English gruntelen; see former employees.
The report, by the International Chamber of Commerce's Commercial Crime Services (CCS (1) (Common Channel Signaling) A communications system in which one channel is used for signaling and different channels are used for voice/data transmission. Signaling System 7 (SS7) is a CCS system, also known as CCS7. See SS7. ), also details the types of Web-based fraud reported to law enforcement. Fraud types were divided into social engineering scams (which accounted for almost half of the incidents), get-rich-quick schemes A Get-rich-quick scheme is a plan to acquire high rates of return for a small investment. Most such schemes promise that participants can obtain this high rate of return with little risk.
Most get-rich-quick schemes also promise that little skill, effort, or time is required. , identity theft, and fake documents.
Also noted in the report is the percentage of arrests for each hacking category. A third of arrests/convictions were for those in the "general hacking" category, with 18 percent in the "hacking for financial gain" category; however, only 3 percent of current employees who hacked for financial gain were arrested or convicted.
The report looks in detail at more than 80 cases, giving the date, type of attack, the country (when known) where the perpetrator A term commonly used by law enforcement officers to designate a person who actually commits a crime. was arrested, and a brief narration of the crime. More than 60 percent of the crimes detailed in the report occurred in the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. .
Steven Matz, a senior analyst with the cybercrime unit of the CCS, says that this finding does not necessarily mean that most cybercrimes target American companies or that most cybercriminals are American, but rather that cybercrimes likely go unreported in other countries. "One of the aims of the review and our organization is, therefore, to gather more information on cybercrime occurring outside of" the U.S. in other countries and regions," he says.
The methodology of the review was for researchers to rely primarily on sources in the public domain, according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. Matz. Thus, at the end of the process, researchers also had a better idea of which regions lack good data.
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