HOW CHILDREN UNDERSTAND WAR & PEACE: A Call for International Peace Education.HOW CHILDREN UNDERSTAND WAR & PEACE: A Call for International Peace Education. A. Raviv, L. Oppenheimer, & D. Bar Tal (Eds.). San Francisco San Francisco (săn frănsĭs`kō), city (1990 pop. 723,959), coextensive with San Francisco co., W Calif., on the tip of a peninsula between the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay, which are connected by the strait known as the Golden : Jossey-Bass, 1999. 342 pp. $44.95. An international group of psychologists (joined by several others working in peace studies and education) contributed immensely to the underpinnings of peace education research in this publication. Impressive in scope, the study examined decades of research in various nations to discern how children's concepts toward war, conflict, and peace developed.
Through an interpretation of this basic research, the authors hope that the education community will recognize its roles and responsibilities for helping new generations solve the problems of this violent world. The authors' goals are praiseworthy praise·wor·thy
adj. praise·wor·thi·er, praise·wor·thi·est
Meriting praise; highly commendable.
praise , and aimed at those who can recognize that children should acquire an understanding of peace and conflict from an early age, honing the skills of peacemaking Peacemaking
See also Antimilitarism.
Coriolanus’s witty friend; reasons with rioting mob. [Br. Lit.: Coriolanus]
percipiently urges peace with Greeks. [Gk. Lit. by solving conflicts.
Part One covers developmental perspectives of psychologists and educators from the Netherlands, Portugal, and the United States. The second part emphasizes the effects of socialization socialization /so·cial·iza·tion/ (so?shal-i-za´shun) the process by which society integrates the individual and the individual learns to behave in socially acceptable ways.
n. and experience in Northern Ireland and Israel. A Finnish researcher, concentrating on the characteristics of concept formation (war and peace) among children whose nations were at war, cites this essay written by an 11-year-old Palestinian girl:
I return home from school. There are no soldiers in the streets. My mother comes to kiss me ... her kisses are different. They are like soft roses, but usually when she kisses me I feel the thorns of the roses in her embrace. She is always worried, sad and afraid of the soldiers. (p. 140)
Educators will find the section titled "Learning in Schools" of great interest. Pioneering work on curriculum, teaching conflict resolution, peer mediation, cooperative learning cooperative learning Education theory A student-centered teaching strategy in which heterogeneous groups of students work to achieve a common academic goal–eg, completing a case study or a evaluating a QC problem. See Problem-based learning, Socratic method. , as well as an enriched discussion of academic controversy (which is used frequently in classrooms) are included in this part of the book. Kathy Bickmore concludes that in "every realm of school life," opportunities should exist for children to learn the skills of conflict resolution and peer mediation.
A final piece on "Types of Peace Education" outlines a holistic approach holistic approach A term used in alternative health for a philosophical approach to health care, in which the entire Pt is evaluated and treated. See Alternative medicine, Holistic medicine. that may include educational, in-school experiences, but that also can embrace peace camps and community-based projects such as anger management support groups.
How Children Understand War and Peace may serve as a guide for a broad range of groups, including ACEI ACEI Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor
ACEI Association for Childhood Education International
ACEI Association of Consulting Engineers of Ireland . Reviewed by Aline Stomfay-Stitz, Associate Professor of Education, University of North Florida The University of North Florida (UNF) is a public university in Jacksonville, Florida. It currently has an enrollment of more than 16,000 students and employs over 500 full-time faculty. The current president is former Jacksonville mayor John Delaney. , Jacksonville