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HMO ENROLLMENT CLIMBS TO 38.6 MILLION MEMBERS IN 1991

 HMO ENROLLMENT CLIMBS TO 38.6 MILLION MEMBERS IN 1991
 WASHINGTON, April 21 /PRNewswire/ -- Enrollment in the nation's


550 HMOs grew by 2.2 million members in 1991, to more than 38.6 million at year's end. This is the biggest jump in three years and is a 6 percent increase over year-end 1990, when there were just under 36.5 million people counted in organized, prepaid health care plans.
 These findings are based on data collected for the 1991 and 1992 editions of GHAA's "National Directory of HMOs."
 "Consumers and employers are learning that HMOs offer advantages in terms of quality, cost and access to medical services," said GHAA President James F. Doherty. "It's no surprise that they are choosing HMOs and similar managed care options in greater numbers," Doherty said.
 By year-end 1991, 15 percent of the total population and 18 percent of insured Americans were enrolled in an HMO, and there were HMOs headquartered in 46 states.
 The highest HMO penetration is in California, where one in three people (33.4 percent) is enrolled in an HMO. Massachusetts is second at 30.9 percent. Other states where more than one in five individuals are enrolled in an HMO: Minnesota (28.3 percent); Oregon (26.4 percent); Arizona (24.9 percent); Hawaii (22.9 percent); Wisconsin (22.5 percent); Maryland (22.3 percent); Colorado (21.9 percent); and Connecticut (20.7 percent).
 All figures include membership in traditional HMOs as well as that of open-ended options, where members may self refer to providers outside the HMO network.
 GHAA, the national trade association for health maintenance organizations, has represented the HMO industry since 1959.
 A complete analysis of year-end enrollment figures will be included in GHAA's "National Directory of HMOs," 1992 edition, and in "Patterns in HMO Enrollment." Both will be published in June.
 -0- 4/21/92
 /NOTE: A chart detailing the rise in HMO enrollment is available by calling the contact below./
 /CONTACT: Susan Pisano of the Group Health Association of America, 202-778-3245/ CO: Group Health Association of America ST: District of Columbia IN: HEA SU:


MH -- DC009 -- 0523 04/21/92 10:35 EDT
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Publication:PR Newswire
Date:Apr 21, 1992
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