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HIV/AIDS Research Network Recommends Use of Abbott RealTime Viral Load Test for NIH-Sponsored Clinical Trials.

ABBOTT PARK, Ill., May 7 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- The Abbott RealTime HIV-1 Assay and Abbott m2000 System have been recommended as a standard protocol for viral load testing in HIV/AIDS clinical trials sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH "Not invented here." See digispeak.

NIH - The United States National Institutes of Health.
).

This recommendation was made by the Cross-Network Laboratory Focus Group (LFG), which consists of representatives from five of the NIH-sponsored HIV/AIDS clinical trials networks. The LFG recently issued a consensus statement, which was reviewed and approved by the leadership of the five networks, recommending the use of the Abbott RealTime HIV-1 assay and m2000 system for upcoming clinical trials in 2009 and beyond that have a primary focus on viral load measurements. The recommendation applies to testing performed at adult and pediatric pediatric /pe·di·at·ric/ (pe?de-at´rik) pertaining to the health of children.

pe·di·at·ric
adj.
Of or relating to pediatrics.
 therapeutic HIV/AIDS clinical trial sites both in the United States and internationally, as well as the centralized network laboratories in the United States.

Viral load testing is a monitoring tool used to determine the amount of virus in the blood and the efficacy of anti-HIV therapy. The growing prevalence of HIV-1 subtype variant and circulating recombinant strains has made accurate viral load detection more complex and has prompted increasing numbers of clinical laboratories to adopt the Abbott RealTime HIV-1 Assay on the m2000 System. The system is one of the fastest and most sensitive viral load tests available, with the ability to detect and precisely measure group M, N and O strains of HIV-1, as well as all known non-B subtypes.

"We're pleased that the LFG has recommended the Abbott RealTime HIV viral load HIV viral load AIDS A measure of the amount of HIV RNA in blood, expressed as number of copies/mL of plasma. See AIDS, HIV.  assay to be the standard testing system for NIH-sponsored HIV/AIDS clinical trial networks," said Stafford O'Kelly, head of Abbott's molecular diagnostics business. "We look forward to supporting the NIH-sponsored clinical trials networks in the global effort to evaluate and monitor HIV HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), either of two closely related retroviruses that invade T-helper lymphocytes and are responsible for AIDS. There are two types of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is responsible for the vast majority of AIDS in the United States.  drug treatments."

Based on several published studies, current molecular or PCR PCR polymerase chain reaction.

PCR
abbr.
polymerase chain reaction


Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 
 based diagnostic tests vary in their ability to detect and reliably quantify variant strains of HIV-1 and have been found to under-quantify them. "The performance and precision of the Abbott RealTime HIV-1 assay for detecting variant subtypes allows physicians to confidently measure viral levels and provide optimal drug treatment," O'Kelly said.

The NIH-sponsored networks include the: AIDS Clinical Trials Group The AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) is the largest HIV clinical trials organization in the world, playing a major role in setting standards of care for HIV infection and opportunistic diseases related to HIV and AIDS in the United States and the developed world. , International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group, HIV Prevention Trials Network The HIV Prevention Trials Network is an international organization that develops and tests the safety and efficacy of primarily non-vaccine interventions designed to prevent the transmission of HIV. External links
[1] - their main website.
, HIV Vaccine Trials Network The HIV Vaccine Trials Network is a collaboration between physicians, scientists and activists that conducts clinical trials seeking a safe and effective HIV vaccine. They review potential vaccines for safety, immune response and efficacy. , and Microbicide Trials Network. The networks are an affiliated group of national and international medical research institutions and investigators that conduct clinical HIV/AIDS research to develop safe and effective drugs, prevention strategies and HIV vaccines.

About the Abbott RealTime HIV-1 Test

The Abbott RealTime HIV-1 assay is among the most sensitive viral load tests available today. The test has demonstrated the ability to detect diverse group M subtypes of HIV (including all known non-B subtypes) as well as group N and O isolates.

The Abbott RealTime HIV-1 test is intended for use in conjunction with clinical presentation and other laboratory markers as an indicator of disease prognosis and for use as an aid in assessing viral response to antiretroviral treatment as measured by changes in plasma HIV-1 RNA RNA: see nucleic acid.
RNA
 in full ribonucleic acid

One of the two main types of nucleic acid (the other being DNA), which functions in cellular protein synthesis in all living cells and replaces DNA as the carrier of genetic
 levels. The assay is not intended to be used as a donor-screening test for HIV-1 or as a diagnostic test to confirm the presence of HIV-1 infection.

About the Abbott m2000 Instrument System

The Abbott RealTime HIV-1 test runs on the Abbott m2000, an automated system that uses real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify, detect and measure minute levels of virus in blood samples as well as extremely high levels of these infectious agents. Real-time PCR enables the production of large quantities of DNA from very small samples in a short period of time, making it possible to detect extremely low levels of a virus's genetic material. The Abbott m2000 system automates the important steps of the process, from sample preparation to data analysis, allowing laboratories to process molecular tests efficiently, accurately and confidently.

In addition to having a best-in-class assay for HIV-1, Abbott's m2000 system is faster than competitive systems, delivering 96 test results in less than six hours for HIV-1 as compared to up to two days for other systems.

About Abbott

Abbott is a global, broad-based health care company devoted to the discovery, development, manufacture and marketing of pharmaceuticals and medical products, including nutritionals, devices and diagnostics. The company employs more than 72,000 people and markets its products in more than 130 countries.

Abbott's news releases and other information are available at the company's Web site at http://www.abbott.com/.

CONTACT: Media, Don Braakman, +1-847-937-0080, or Financial, Tina Ventura, +1-847-935-9390, both of Abbott

Web Site: http://www.abbott.com/
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Publication:PR Newswire
Date:May 7, 2009
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