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Group urges copyright law changes.

After almost three years of research, the independent Section 108 Study Group has issued recommendations to the U.S. Library of Congress related to how libraries, archives, and museums handle copyrighted materials in the digital environment.

The Library of Congress convened the group under the auspices aus·pi·ces 1  
Plural of auspex.

Noun, pl

under the auspices of with the support and approval of [Latin auspicium augury from birds]

 of the U.S. Copyright Office and the National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program The National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program is a national strategic program being led by the Library of Congress to preserve digital content. The program was mandated in 2000 by the U.S. . Section 108 is the section of the Copyright Act that provides limited exceptions for libraries and archives so they can make copies to replace copyrighted works in their collections when necessary, preserve them for the long term, and make them available to users.

Digital technologies have transformed how copyrighted works are created and disseminated disseminated /dis·sem·i·nat·ed/ (-sem´i-nat?ed) scattered; distributed over a considerable area.

Spread over a large area of a body, a tissue, or an organ.
, as well as how libraries and archives preserve and make those works available, according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.

2. In keeping with: according to instructions.

 the group's report. The Library of Congress said cultural heritage institutions have begun to acquire large quantities of "born digital" works (those created in digital form) and to digitize To convert an image or signal into digital code by scanning, tracing on a graphics tablet or using an analog to digital conversion device. 3D objects can be digitized by a device with a mechanical arm that is moved onto all the corners.  analog works already in their collections to ensure their continuing availability to future generations.

Section 108 of the Copyright Act in its current form does not adequately address many of the issues unique to digital media, either from the perspective of rights owners or that of libraries and archives. The report will serve as the basis on which legislation may be drafted and recommended to Congress. The recommendations represent the view of the independent study group's 19 members--who come from the library, scholarly, publishing, and entertainment communities in the public and private sectors--rather than the organizations by which they are employed.

Among the group's recommendations:

* Museums should be included for Section 108 eligibility, as they perform many of the same functions as libraries and archives.

* A new exception should be added to Section 108 to permit certain qualified libraries and archives to make preservation copies of at-risk at-risk
Being endangered, as from exposure to disease or from a lack of parental or familial guidance and proper health care: efforts to make the vaccine available to at-risk groups of children. 
 published works prior to any damage or loss.

* A new exception should be added to Section 108 to permit libraries and archives to capture and reproduce re·pro·duce
1. To produce a counterpart, an image, or a copy of something.

2. To bring something to mind again.

3. To generate offspring by sexual or asexual means.
 publicly available websites and other online content for preservation purposes and to make those copies accessible to users for private study, research, or scholarship. Rights holders could opt out of this provision.

* Libraries and archives should be permitted to make a limited number of copies to create and maintain a single replacement or preservation copy. This alteration Modification; changing a thing without obliterating it.

An alteration is a variation made in the language or terms of a legal document that affects the rights and obligations of the parties to it.
 to the current three-copy limit would, among other things, enable libraries to securely preserve digital materials.


The Library of Congress itself is struggling with the sheer amount of digital information. So much so that it has had to create an entirely new preservation strategy.

The library currently has more 500 terabytes (500,000 gigabytes) of digital data stored within its infrastructure, split across three data centers and a plethora plethora /pleth·o·ra/ (pleth´ah-rah)
1. an excess of blood.

2. by extension, a red florid complexion.pletho´ric

 of different storage technologies.
COPYRIGHT 2008 Association of Records Managers & Administrators (ARMA)
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2008 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Title Annotation:UP FRONT; Section 108 Study Group
Author:Swartz, Nikki
Publication:Information Management Journal
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jul 1, 2008
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