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Government funding is destroying our colleges.

IF I HAVE LEARNED anything at all in my career as an educator, it is this: Whom the gods would destroy A number of things are named from the Roman proverb, "Whom the gods would destroy, they first make insane" (Quem deus vult perdere, dementat prius).
  • Whom the Gods Would Destroy is a novel written by Richard P. Powell.
, they first subsidize.

American higher education higher education

Study beyond the level of secondary education. Institutions of higher education include not only colleges and universities but also professional schools in such fields as law, theology, medicine, business, music, and art.
 is a perfect example. In the 1960s, the total budget for all colleges and universities was about $7,000,000,000; in the early 1990s, largely because of massive state and Federal funding increases, it surpassed $170,000,-000,000. Yet, tens of thousands of college seniors do not know when Columbus sailed to the New World, who wrote the Declaration of Independence, or why the Civil War was fought. Businesses rightly complain that they must re-educate re·ed·u·cate also re-ed·u·cate  
tr.v. re·ed·u·cat·ed, re·ed·u·cat·ing, re·ed·u·cates
1. To instruct again, especially in order to change someone's behavior or beliefs.

 college graduates in such basic academic skills as grammar, spelling, and practical math.

The effect of government subsidy and control has been more profound, more direct, and more damaging than anyone has realized yet. It has led to a situation in which the entire system of American higher education is academically, morally, and literally going bankrupt.

One of the best-kept secrets in higher education today is that many schools are teetering on the brink of financial disaster. Nearly one-half of the college presidents polled by U.S. News & World Report U.S. News & World Report

Weekly newsmagazine published in Washington, D.C. U.S. News was founded in 1933 by David Lawrence (1888–1973) to cover important domestic events; he founded World Report in 1945 to treat world news. The two magazines were merged in 1948.
 in the early 1990s indicated that their institutions would face continuing deficits, and nearly one-third said they did not expect to balance their budgets anytime in this decade.

Nearly 60% of all colleges and universities have been forced to slash their budgets. Even some schools with huge endowments and hundreds of millions of dollars in revenue in the form of Federal research grants have been starving for operating funds. One reason is that the bigger the institution, the bigger the outlays. Harvard University Harvard University, mainly at Cambridge, Mass., including Harvard College, the oldest American college. Harvard College

Harvard College, originally for men, was founded in 1636 with a grant from the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
, Stanford University Stanford University, at Stanford, Calif.; coeducational; chartered 1885, opened 1891 as Leland Stanford Junior Univ. (still the legal name). The original campus was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted. David Starr Jordan was its first president. , Columbia University Columbia University, mainly in New York City; founded 1754 as King's College by grant of King George II; first college in New York City, fifth oldest in the United States; one of the eight Ivy League institutions. , MIT MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology , and the University of Michigan (body, education) University of Michigan - A large cosmopolitan university in the Midwest USA. Over 50000 students are enrolled at the University of Michigan's three campuses. The students come from 50 states and over 100 foreign countries.  are just a few of the institutions that rack up bills of more than $1,000,-000,000 a year. Moreover, little of what they spend can be called discretionary; they are overcommitted to entitlements in exactly the same way as the Federal government is.

There will be no easy way out of this crisis. Private donations to colleges and universities have gone up in the last decade, but, even at best, corporate and private giving accounts for just eight percent of all higher education revenues. Federal and state aid, which had grown by leaps and bounds since World War II, is on the decline.

Defaults on student loans have exploded. The tab taxpayers must pick up for Stafford Loan A Stafford Loan is a student loan offered to eligible students enrolled in American institutions of higher education to help finance their education. The terms of the loans are described in Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (with subsequent amendments), which guarantees  defaults alone now is about $3,000,-000,000 a year. Defaults, mismanagement mis·man·age  
tr.v. mis·man·aged, mis·man·ag·ing, mis·man·ag·es
To manage badly or carelessly.

mis·manage·ment n.
, fraud, and abuse due to "internal control weaknesses" within the Stafford Loan system are eating up in excess of 54% of total program costs. This means that less than half the money allocated for Stafford Loans goes to pay for new loans. Record deficits in the Pell Grant The Pell Grant program is a type of post-secondary, educational federal grant program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education. It is named after U.S. Senator Claiborne Pell and originally known as the the Basic Educational Opportunity Grant program.  program also testify to the failure of the system. By the end of the Bush Administration, this Federal program was in debt to the tune of $2,000,000,000.

What we are seeing today is an S&L-style financial crisis. Although higher education appears thriving and prosperous on the surface, vast instability and corruption lie just below. The question is: How long can the veneer last? What finally broke the savings and loans savings and loan n. a banking and lending institution, chartered either by a state or the Federal government. Savings and loans only make loans secured by real property from deposits, upon which they pay interest slightly higher than that paid by most banks.  institutions was a combination of bureaucratic meddling med·dle  
intr.v. med·dled, med·dling, med·dles
1. To intrude into other people's affairs or business; interfere. See Synonyms at interfere.

2. To handle something idly or ignorantly; tamper.
, a credit crunch Credit Crunch

An economic condition whereby investment capital is difficult to obtain. Banks and investors become weary of lending funds to corporations thereby driving up the price of debt products for borrowers.
 after years of "easy money," and the industry's chronic mismanagement and massive overinvestment. That combination threatens colleges and universities today.

The nation's politicians will be the last people on Earth to recognize that they have created this crisis. Indeed, they are busy devising ways to make it worse. Despite the fact that the Department of Education has been a complete failure when it comes to managing Federal student assistance programs, Congress has decided to give it total responsibility for not only monitoring, but for making some 6,000,000 loans a year. Under this new system, the Federal government--instead of banks and other private lenders--will loan money directly to college students.

Congress also has decided to raise the ceiling on individual grants and loans--in some cases by nearly 50%. In addition, it has abandoned financial need requirements for Stafford Loans. This means that all students who apply are eligible. The Congressional Budget Office The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) is responsible for economic forecasting and fiscal policy analysis, scorekeeeping, cost projections, and an Annual Report on the Federal Budget. The office also underdakes special budget-related studies at the request of Congress.  predicts that, under the revised rules of eligibility, there will be at least 1,100,000 first-time borrowers and 1,400,000 new grant recipients. Where will the money come from? Less than two months after it passed this legislation, Congress admitted that it would not have the budget to pay for any of it.

Pres. Clinton has stated that he plans to spend billions more dollars on grants and loans and new educational schemes like "national service." It is becoming increasingly clear, however, that he will not be able to deliver on his grand promises, since higher education's financial troubles already are overshadowed by the government's four-and-a-half-trillion-dollar debt.

Meanwhile, the financial condition on campuses around the country is worsening steadily. College costs are out of control, growing nearly three times as fast as inflation and twice as fast as the general economy. The total cost of attending Harvard for four years is pushing $100,000.

Why have college costs gone up? One reason is because Washington heavily is subsidizing tuition through Federal grants and loans. This leaves schools free to jack up their prices. After all, who cares what tuition is at Harvard when nearly two-thirds of its undergraduates receive financial assistance?

It is true that rising tuition also places a huge financial burden on students and parents, but what they spend doesn't begin to cover the actual costs of a college education. At private institutions, tuition and fees pay just one-half to two-thirds of actual costs. At public institutions, they account for about one-quarter to one-third. The rest is passed along to the taxpayers.

Moreover, those costs are going up and up and up. Heavily financed by Federal and state aid, colleges and universities have indulged in a spending spree in the last half-century that has no equal in American history. As one education consultant notes, in an era when quality was defined as "more is better" and there seemed to be endless amounts of government funding to pay for it, colleges and universities grew without a thought for the ordinary laws of supply and demand. Budgeting was right at the margin. The only important question seemed to be: How much more can we do next year? The amount that already had been spent and what results had been achieved, he points out, were only secondary concerns.

If that were all to report about the crisis that presently afflicts American higher education, it would be devastating dev·as·tate  
tr.v. dev·as·tat·ed, dev·as·tat·ing, dev·as·tates
1. To lay waste; destroy.

2. To overwhelm; confound; stun: was devastated by the rude remark.
 enough, but there is more--much more. The crisis is not just about finances, it is about academics and, finally, it is about morality as well.

Concerning the academic crisis, colleges and universities increasingly have adopted a "cattle car approach" to education. Classes crammed with 500-1,000 students are commonplace, and many schools drastically have reduced the number they offer. The University of Wisconsin has been known to close courses in the first hour of registration--even for seniors in their major field of concentration. At the University of Texas, nearly 1,000 students were turned away from a required English course.

A recent study tracking the education of more than 500,000 students at 300 institutions documented that only about half were able to earn a bachelor's degree within six years, much less the traditional four. One educator admits candidly that this "is a condemnation of higher education. If we were running an automobile plant, we would be out of business."

The average professor is in class only six to nine hours a week. At the University of Michigan, some teach so little that it is estimated they make nearly $1,000 an hour for their actual contact with students. In the last few years, teaching assistants, rather than faculty, have taught 25, 50, or even 75% of all introductory classes at schools such as Princeton University, the University of North Carolina North Carolina, state in the SE United States. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), South Carolina and Georgia (S), Tennessee (W), and Virginia (N). Facts and Figures

Area, 52,586 sq mi (136,198 sq km). Pop.
, Ohio State University Ohio State University, main campus at Columbus; land-grant and state supported; coeducational; chartered 1870, opened 1873 as Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College, renamed 1878. There are also campuses at Lima, Mansfield, Marion, and Newark. , Stanford University, and the University of California-Berkeley.

In his bestselling book, Profscam, education critic Charles Sykes also points out that professors really don't do as much research as they claim and that much of what is done actually has little merit. Sixty percent of all faculty members never have written or edited a book, and one-third never have even published a single journal article. The faculty books that do make it into print range from the sublimely ridiculous to the sublimely obscure. This is just a small sample of some of the titles currently in print: The Sexual Politics of Meat: Critical Feminist-Vegetarian Theory; Mama Lola: A Voodoo Priestess in Brooklyn; Boots of Leather, Slippers of Gold: The History of a Lesbian Community; Staying Tuned: Contemporary Soap Opera Criticism; and Men, Women, and Chainsaws: Gender in the Modern Horror Film.

Yet, the leaders of higher education are adamant that they need more financial support to pay top dollar for the "best" faculties money can buy. In its current campaign, for instance, Cornell University is asking alumni and other donors for more than $400,000,000 to endow professorships that in all likelihood will have zero effect on the school's undergraduate program. Michigan State University Michigan State University, at East Lansing; land-grant and state supported; coeducational; chartered 1855. It opened in 1857 as Michigan Agricultural College, the first state agricultural college. , the recipient of more than $230,000,000 a year from the state treasury, says it needs millions more in government aid to "face the teaching challenges of the future." This is pretty hard to swallow, especially coming from a school that uses a video to teach about 6,000 students each year in a required history course called "The United States and the World." Its professors--among the most well paid in the nation--are just too busy to perform "live." No wonder author Midge midge, name for any of numerous minute, fragile flies in several families. The family Chironomidae consists of about 2,000 species, most of which are widely distributed. The herbivorous larvae are found in all freshwaters; the larvae of some species live in saltwater.  Decter concludes that undergraduate education undergraduate education Medtalk In the US, a 4+ yr college or university education leading to a baccalaureate degree, the minimum education level required for medical school admission; undergraduate medical education refers to the 4 yrs of medical school. Cf CME.  is "the biggest consumer fraud in America."

The moral crisis

However, it is the moral crisis in American higher education that makes all other crises pale in comparison. There has been a concerted effort to destroy colleges and universities' in loco parentis [Latin, in the place of a parent.] The legal doctrine under which an individual assumes parental rights, duties, and obligations without going through the formalities of legal Adoption.  role. Ask almost any educator, and he or she will tell you that students' moral and personal conduct no longer are his or her concern. Yet, it is perfectly all right for educators to meddle med·dle  
intr.v. med·dled, med·dling, med·dles
1. To intrude into other people's affairs or business; interfere. See Synonyms at interfere.

2. To handle something idly or ignorantly; tamper.
 as much as they want when it comes to introducing students to the sexual revolution on campus.

There are "Condom Weeks" at a number of schools, including Stanford, Berkeley, San Jose State, Virginia Tech, the University of Iowa Not to be confused with Iowa State University.
The first faculty offered instruction at the University in March 1855 to students in the Old Mechanics Building, situated where Seashore Hall is now. In September 1855, the student body numbered 124, of which, 41 were women.
, and the University of North Carolina, complete with free samples and something called "taste tests." At Williams College, Mills College, Randolph Macon College, and the Florida Institute of Technology Florida Institute of Technology is an independent technical college located in Melbourne, Florida (Brevard County), United States. It was founded by Jerome P. Keuper on September 22, 1958 as Brevard Engineering College, absorbing the University of Melbourne, and changing its name , to name just a few, male and female students can spend the night in each other's rooms. At some schools, including Pennsylvania State University Pennsylvania State University, main campus at University Park, State College; land-grant and state supported; coeducational; chartered 1855, opened 1859 as Farmers' High School. , the official policy is that students may not be granted a room change on the grounds that their roommate is homosexual.

Columbia, Harvard, Middlebury College, MIT, Stanford, the University of Minnesota (body, education) University of Minnesota - The home of Gopher.

Address: Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
, the University of Vermont, and Yale already have "domestic partner" provisions that allow gay and lesbian couples to receive insurance and other spousal benefits spousal benefits Social medicine Benefits, including health and life insurance, provided to a spouse–ie, husband or wife–of an employee; in socially advanced nations and in the US, SBs may be extended to unmarried–including same sex–partners . Not every school has volunteered, however. The University of Vermont has been ordered by the state labor relations board to offer those benefits.

Meanwhile, the University of Massachusetts-Amherst has defined pedophiles (persons who have sex with children) as a "protected minority" within its nondiscrimination code. At Cornell, resident advisor job applicants have been forced to watch movies of men engaged in sex in order to be evaluated for "homophobic" tendencies.

Another by-product by·prod·uct or by-prod·uct  
1. Something produced in the making of something else.

2. A secondary result; a side effect.


 of the abandonment of morality on campus is the soaring crime rate. On 580 campuses between 1990 and 1992, there were 2,528 assaults, 15,313 burglaries, 5,081 car thefts, 928 robberies, 493 rapes, and 16 murders. Plagiarism Using ideas, plots, text and other intellectual property developed by someone else while claiming it is your original work.  and other forms of cheating are on the rise. Despite the "dumbing down" of the curriculum, pass/fail courses, grade inflation, etc., it is estimated that at least half of all college students cheat.

Although today's colleges and universities look much like large corporations with thousands of employees (i.e., faculty and staff) and millions of customers (students and parents), they are not organized or run like a business. Hoover Institution Senior Fellow Martin Anderson calls them "minisocialist states." Modern higher education not only has pursued an intellectual love affair with socialism, but, along the way, has adopted its basic principles of internal management.

Since the 1960s, much of the control of institutional, as well as academic, affairs has shifted from the "bourgeoisie" (administrators) to the "proletariat" (faculty members). Federal funding has financed this shift every step of the way. It also has led to the breakdown of effective decisionmaking, the tyranny of the majority The phrase tyranny of the majority, used in discussing systems of democracy and majority rule, is a criticism of the scenario in which decisions made by a majority under that system would place that majority's interests so far above a minority's interest as to be comparable in , and control without accountability for both groups.

Now, the chickens are coming home to roost Home to Roost is a British television sitcom produced by Yorkshire Television. Written by Eric Chappell, it starred John Thaw as Henry Willows and Reece Dinsdale as his 18-year-old son Matthew. . Administrators and faculty members alike have to face the fact that they can not count on continually expanding sources of state and Federal revenue. They will have to perform some of their basic missions better than in the past if they are to survive. Nevertheless, if you ask most educators, they will continue to insist that only more government money can save American higher education.

It is tempting to reach such a conclusion. Government money is such easy money. There literally are hundreds of inducements to accept what always appears--at first--to be "free money," without any strings attached. There are plenty of politicians and bureaucrats who will claim that this is so.

Don't believe them. Nothing comes dearer than "free money." Hundreds of private colleges and universities have learned in recent years that even indirect aid--aid that goes to their students--makes them "wards of the state" as far as the government is concerned.

In addition to the way it wrongly compromises the independence of private institutions, government funding is destructive because it wrongly shields colleges and universities from the normal, healthy forces of the marketplace. It eliminates competition, which is the only incentive to practice good fiscal stewardship and remain responsive to issues of quality, affordability, and equal access.

The best news of all may be that colleges and universities are in financial trouble. More money didn't bail out the failing S&Ls in the 1980s; they simply misspent mis·spend  
tr.v. mis·spent , mis·spend·ing, mis·spends
To spend improperly or extravagantly; squander: misspent the funds; misspent their youth.
 it in the same ways they had been misspending for years. Failing businesses only recover when they engage in a fundamental restructuring of the way they do business.

It is up to all of us--as parents, donors, and taxpayers--to convince educators that they must embrace real reform. We must lead the fight for the restoration of the values of the marketplace as well as the academic and moral values that ought to be the foundation of all higher education.
COPYRIGHT 1995 Society for the Advancement of Education
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Author:Roche, George
Publication:USA Today (Magazine)
Date:Jan 1, 1995
Previous Article:Corporate giving: is it good for business?
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