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Gargling with licorice solution can cut severity of post-surgery sore throat.

Byline: ANI

Washington, June 20 (ANI): Researchers from Lucknow have found that gargling Gargling is a common method of cleansing the throat, especially if one has a sore throat or upper-respiratory virus or infection. The physical act of gargling usually requires that one tilts the head back, allowing a mouthful of liquid to sit in the upper throat.  with a licorice licorice (lĭk`ərĭs, –rĭsh), name for a European plant (Glycyrrhiza glabra) of the family Leguminosae (pulse family) and for the sweet substance obtained from the root.  solution before undergoing surgery could reduce postoperative sore throat.

Postoperative sore throat is a common and troublesome complication after general anaesthesia with intubation intubation /in·tu·ba·tion/ (in?too-ba´shun) the insertion of a tube into a body canal or hollow organ, as into the trachea.

endotracheal intubation
.

The new study by Dr. Anil Agarwal and colleagues of Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS) is a premier medical institute of India located in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.

SGPGIMS is both an educational institute that imparts postgraduate medical training and a working hospital that provides inexpensive
 in Lucknow, India, found that patients who gargled with licorice before surgery had fewer problems with postoperative sore throat and cough.

The study included 40 patients undergoing spinal surgery, who simply gargled with a diluted licorice solution or plain water just five minutes before induction of general anaesthesia with an airway (endotracheal endotracheal /en·do·tra·che·al/ (en?do-tra´ke-al) within or through the trachea.

en·do·tra·che·al
adj.
Within or passing through the trachea.
) tube.

The researchers found that patients receiving the licorice gargle gargle /gar·gle/ (gahr´g'l)
1. a solution for rinsing mouth and throat.

2. to rinse the mouth and throat by holding a solution in the open mouth and agitating it by expulsion of air from the lungs.
 had a lower rate of postoperative sore throat, including pain on swallowing.

Two hours after surgery, about 25 percent of patients who used the licorice gargle had a sore throat, compared to 75 percent of those who gargled with water.

Postoperative sore throat was also less severe in the licorice group.

In addition, patients who used the licorice gargle were less likely to develop postoperative cough- 10 percent, compared to 30 percent of patients who gargled with water.

There were no side effects of the licorice gargle.

"Licorice, derived from the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra, has been used for many millennia as an alternative medicine for treatment of inflammation, allergies, and gastric and duodenal ulcers," wrote Agarwal and co-authors.

A number of active ingredients have been identified in licorice, including compounds with anti-inflammatory, anti-irritant, and anti-cough effects.

The researchers have acknowledged that licorice may not be appropriate for children, or for adult patients who are sedated or uncooperative.

However, for many patients undergoing surgery, licorice gargle appears to offers a sweet, simple, and effective approach to reducing a common and uncomfortable problem.

The study is published in the July issue of Anaesthesia and Analgesia, official journal of the International Anaesthesia Research Society (IARS IARS International Anesthesia Research Society
IARS Integrated Airborne Reconnaissance Strategy
IARS Image Archive & Retrieval System
IARS Improved Aerial Refueling System
). (ANI)

Copyright 2009 Asian News International The Asian News International (ANI) agency provides multimedia news to China and 50 bureaus in India. It covers virtually all of South Asia since its foundation and presently claims, on its official website, to be the leading South Asia-wide news agency.  (ANI) - All Rights Reserved.

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Publication:Asian News International
Date:Jun 20, 2009
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