GULF WAR WEAPONRY CLAIMS FAR OFF-TARGET, REPORT SAYS.Byline: Tim Weiner The New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of Times
During and after the Persian Gulf War Persian Gulf War
or Gulf War
(1990–91) International conflict triggered by Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in August 1990. Though justified by Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein on grounds that Kuwait was historically part of Iraq, the invasion was presumed to be , the Pentagon dramatically oversold Oversold
In technical analysis, it is a market in which the volume of selling that has occurred is greater than the fundamentals justify.
It is the opposite of overbought. the effectiveness of its most expensive high-tech aircraft and missiles, the most thorough independent study to date has found.
The Pentagon and its principal military contractors made claims for the pinpoint precision of their most impressive new weapons - the Stealth fighter jet, the Tomahawk tomahawk [from an Algonquian dialect of Virginia], hatchet generally used by Native North Americans as a hand weapon and as a missile. The earliest tomahawks were made of stone, with one edge or two edges sharpened (sometimes the stone was globe shaped). land-attack missile A land-attack missile is a naval surface-to-surface missile that is capable of effectively attacking targets ashore, unlike specialised anti-ship missiles, which are optimized for striking other ships. Some dual-role missiles are suitable for both missions. and laser-guided ``smart bombs'' - that ``were overstated o·ver·state
tr.v. o·ver·stat·ed, o·ver·stat·ing, o·ver·states
To state in exaggerated terms. See Synonyms at exaggerate.
o , misleading, inconsistent with the best available data, or unverifiable,'' the study by the nonpartisan General Accounting Office found.
The accounting office concluded that new, costly ``smart'' weapon systems did not necessarily perform better in the Persian Gulf War than old-fashioned, cheaper ``dumb'' ones. It called into question the wisdom of the military's plans to depend increasingly on weapons that extend the state of the art of war at a cost of tens of billions of dollars.
The accounting office analyzes government programs for Congress. Its secret four-year study of the air war conducted during Operation Desert Storm Noun 1. Operation Desert Storm - the United States and its allies defeated Iraq in a ground war that lasted 100 hours (1991)
Gulf War, Persian Gulf War - a war fought between Iraq and a coalition led by the United States that freed Kuwait from Iraqi invaders; is the most detailed analysis of its kind to be made public.
It used more than one million pieces of information: Defense Department databases compiled for commanders, intelligence reports, after-action analyses and reports from military contractors. The accounting office also interviewed more than 100 Desert Storm pilots, war planners and battlefield commanders.
An unclassified un·clas·si·fied
1. Not placed or included in a class or category: unclassified mail.
2. summary of the 250-page secret report is scheduled to be published this week. The report was commissioned in 1992 by Sen. David Pryor David Hampton Pryor (born August 29, 1934) was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives and United States Senator from the State of Arkansas. Pryor also served as Governor of Arkansas from 1975 to 1979 and was a member of the Arkansas House of , D-Ark., and Rep. John D. Dingell, D-Mich., to help Congress decide what weapons to buy in the future.
The secret report contains facts and figures to buttress the 13-page unclassified summary, which was made available to The New York Times by a government official familiar with the underlying report.
During the war, Pentagon briefers treated the public to videotapes showing a smart bomb diving down the air shaft Air´ shaft`
1. A passage, usually vertical, for admitting fresh air into a mine or a tunnel.
Noun 1. air shaft - a shaft for ventilation
air well of a Baghdad building and told anecdotes about the extraordinary accuracy of Tomahawk missiles launched from afar. The study concluded that while some of those stories were true, they were not the whole truth.
Nor is this the first time that praise for Pentagon weaponry made in the flush of victory in the Gulf War has been questioned.
In 1991, President Bush said the Patriot missile system had been nearly perfect, shooting down 41 out of 42 Iraqi Scud missiles aimed at Israel and Saudi Arabia.
Defense Department officials later said that the Patriot was far from perfect, knocking out perhaps 40 percent of the Scuds aimed at Israel and 70 percent of those aimed at Saudi Arabia. Skeptics - congressional investigators, Israeli officials and a Massachusetts Institute of Technology Massachusetts Institute of Technology, at Cambridge; coeducational; chartered 1861, opened 1865 in Boston, moved 1916. It has long been recognized as an outstanding technological institute and its Sloan School of Management has notable programs in business, scientist - said the Patriot may not have scored more than one clean hit.
The Pentagon did not dispute the new report's main conclusions. In an April 28 letter to the accounting office, the Defense Department said it ``acknowledges the shortcomings'' of its precision-guided munitions, the aircraft that carry them, the Tomahawk missiles and the department's ability to assess the effectiveness of its bombing campaign in the Gulf War.
It said it would deal with those shortcomings A shortcoming is a character flaw.
Shortcomings may also be:
American air power overwhelmed the Iraqi military during the 1991 Persian Gulf War, and helped win that famous victory. The United States deployed nearly 1,000 combat aircraft and unleashed nearly as many tons of bombs each day as were dropped on Germany and Japan daily during World War II.
But for all their superior technology, pilots often could not tell whether a presumed target was a tank or a truck or whether it already had been destroyed, the report said. Their sensors - laser, electro-optical and infrared systems - could not see clearly through clouds, rain, fog, smoke or high humidity, the report said.
The sleek black F-117 Stealth fighter jet, despite its high cost and its highly touted ability to get close to a target while evading detection, did not necessarily outperform older, cheaper aircraft. (The fighters cost more than $106 million each in 1990; the plane is different from the B-2 Stealth bomber, which has never flown in combat and costs more than $2 billion a copy thus far.)