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GOING DUTCH WITH 'BILLY BUDD'.



Byline: CRAIG SMITH For the rugby player, see .
Craig Smith (born November 10, 1983 in Inglewood, California) is an American professional basketball player. After playing for Boston College from 2002-2006, he was selected by the Minnesota Timberwolves in the 2006 NBA Draft.
 

'Billy Budd.' Music by Benjamin Britten Noun 1. Benjamin Britten - major English composer of the 20th century; noted for his operas (1913-1976)
Britten, Edward Benjamin Britten, Lord Britten of Aldeburgh
. Libretto libretto (ləbrĕt`ō) [Ital.,=little book], the text of an opera or an oratorio. Although a play usually emphasizes an integrated plot, a libretto is most often a loose plot connecting a series of episodes.  by E.M. Forster and Eric Crozier Eric Crozier (14 November, 1914 - 7 September, 1994) was a British theatrical director and opera librettist, long associated with Benjamin Britten.

Crozier was born in London, and after an apprenticeship at the Old Vic theatre, he joined the Sadlers Wells Opera Company in
.

Premiered on Dec. 1, 1951, Royal Opera House, Covent Garden Covent Garden (kŭv`ənt), area in London historically containing the city's principal fruit and garden market and the Royal Opera House.  (four-act version; revised

in 1960 to two acts). Setting: HMS Indomitable There have been three warships named Indomitable, but the most powerful ship of the lineage was its last. One of the Invincible-class was to be named Indomitable, but the name was later changed to Ark Royal.  during the French Wars of 1797.

When Edo de Waart Edo de Waart (b. June 1, 1941) is a Dutch conductor of opera and symphony orchestras, particularly well-known as an orchestra builder havings elevated the status of a number of orchestras.  lifts his baton on Saturday, July 12, for Benjamin Britten's Billy Budd at the Santa Fe Opera The Santa Fe Opera (SFO) is an American opera company, located 7 miles north of Santa Fe in the U.S. state of New Mexico, headquartered on a former guest ranch of 199 acres. , it will mark an evening of firsts. For one thing, it's the quiet, courtly Dutchman's bow as the company's chief conductor, a position he was named to just under a year ago. It's also the first time Santa Fe Opera has mounted this particular opera of Britten's and de Waart's first time conducting it. There's a trio for you.

Since he debuted here in Wagner's The Flying Dutchman Flying Dutchman

sea captain condemned to sail unceasingly because he had invoked the Devil’s aid in a storm. [Maritime legend: Brewer Dictionary]

See : Curse


Flying Dutchman
 in 1971, de Waart has conducted many a production at the Santa Fe Opera: another Dutchman, Mozart's The Marriage of Figaro twice, Verdi's Falstaff twice, and single seasons with Shostakovich's The Nose, Britten's The Turn of the Screw, Berlioz's Baatrice and Banadict, and Mozart's Don Giovanni. In other words Adv. 1. in other words - otherwise stated; "in other words, we are broke"
put differently
 -- welcome back, maestro.

"It's a very British score," de Waart said about Billy Budd as he sat in the opera's new cantina can·ti·na  
n. Southwestern U.S.
A bar that serves liquor.



[Spanish, canteen, from Italian, wine cellar.]
 during a break from staging rehearsals. "I don't know Don't know (DK, DKed)

"Don't know the trade." A Street expression used whenever one party lacks knowledge of a trade or receives conflicting instructions from the other party.
 how to explain it; it's the same way we say there are 'British' tenors or 'Britten' tenors!

"Not every singer who can sing Mozart is suited to sing Peter Grimes or another Britten part. It requires excellent musicianship. Whichever role you sing, you have to be a great interpreter."

Britten's orchestration is something special, too. "There is so much there under the skin, hidden in the [sonic] text in the orchestra," de Waart said intently. "The way he writes, what instrument he uses to frame something. When you have a picture and you put it in a certain frame, it's a completely different picture. The framework is the instrumentation.

"If you play something on the violins, tikka-tokka-tikka-tokka" -- he illustrated, singing -- "it's different than if you play it in the woodwinds, where it can be prickly, agitated ag·i·tate  
v. ag·i·tat·ed, ag·i·tat·ing, ag·i·tates

v.tr.
1. To cause to move with violence or sudden force.

2.
." He sang again, more sharply, using his hands as if he were playing the first instrument he learned, the oboe oboe (ō`bō, ō`boi) [Ital., from Fr. hautbois] or hautboy (ō`boi, hō`–), woodwind instrument of conical bore, its mouthpiece having a double reed. . "There's always, underneath the singing, a great richness."

Billy Budd premiered on Dec. 1, 1951, at London's Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, in a four-act version that Britten trimmed to two in 1960. Santa Fe Opera will perform the two-act version, though the original, four-act version is now often done. Interestingly enough, the four-act opera clocks in at 152 minutes, while the two-act revision runs 158 minutes.

E.M. Forster and Eric Crozier adapted the libretto from Herman Melville's Billy Budd (Sailor), An Inside Narrative -- a novella novella: see novel.
novella

Story with a compact and pointed plot, often realistic and satiric in tone. Originating in Italy during the Middle Ages, it was often based on local events; individual tales often were gathered into collections.
 Melville hadn't finished when he died in 1891; it was published in 1924. The operatic version compresses the story a bit and changes some names and incidents but remains generally true to its source.

When the handsome young sailor of the title is impressed into royal service on HMS Indomitable during the French Wars of 1797, he quickly becomes the friend and idol of the whole crew with one dangerous exception: the master-at-arms, Claggart. Envious of Billy's sea skills, of his almost childlike innocence, and, most of all, of his beauty -- and for some deconstructionist commentators, driven by stifled sexual passion -- Claggart accuses him of mutiny before the ship's captain, Vere.

When the stuttering stuttering or stammering, speech disorder marked by hesitation and inability to enunciate consonants without spasmodic repetition. Known technically as dysphemia, it has sometimes been attributed to an underlying personality disorder.  Billy, unable to speak, kills Claggart with one blow of his fist, the drumroll drum·roll  
n.
1. A rapid succession of short sounds produced by beating a drum.

2. Emphatic support for a cause: "The drumroll for sustainable agriculture . . .
 of military law takes over. Billy is court-martialed, found guilty, and hanged from the yardarm. Yet he dies blessing Vere, even though he and the crew know the captain might have intervened to save him or at least passed the prosecution on to higher authorities.

Santa Fe Opera's new production is directed by Paul Curran, who lately directed La Boheme and Turandot here. Robert Innes Hopkins is scenic and costume designer, and the lighting is by Rick Fisher.

New Zealand New Zealand (zē`lənd), island country (2005 est. pop. 4,035,000), 104,454 sq mi (270,534 sq km), in the S Pacific Ocean, over 1,000 mi (1,600 km) SE of Australia. The capital is Wellington; the largest city and leading port is Auckland.  baritone Teddy Tahu Rhodes makes his Santa Fe Opera debut in the title role, with American tenor William Burden in his role debut as Vere, and British bass Peter Rose as Claggart. Other roles are taken by such well-known company singers as Richard Stilwell, Timothy Nolen, John Stephens, and Keith Jameson.

"Paul is very irreverent in a real British-Scottish way," de Waart said with a smile, referring to Curran's directorial and conceptual approach in rehearsals. "He said, 'I'm always afraid when the door opens it's going to be the police, come to take the director away.' I said, 'Paul, there are times in my life when I wanted that to happen! But not here, and not with you.'

"We had a very interesting discussion yesterday with Paul. He has a lot to say about this piece. We talked about who was Claggart, who was Flint, who was Vere? How were they related to each other on the ships? Then [we worked] to see it in the perspective of the sailors.

"They had nothing to say in this time in England. They were not the upper class. These guys were claustrophobic in this little ship for months and months, no women, working hard, 90 degrees, bad food. You can just imagine -- you can just imagine how they smelled. This morning Paul said, 'Gentlemen, I don't want you to wear any cologne to rehearsal. I want you to smell each other.'"

Speaking of the cultural interactions of the sailors with one another and the officers, de Waart said, "Vere has to be, obviously, an extremely wise man, terribly intelligent. When he reflects back on what was done, he realizes, he believes, he couldn't do anything else.

"If he had pardoned Billy, the whole structure of laws would have failed. Even though we all know Claggart was a highly unpleasant man and it was all wrong -- he was lying [about the mutiny] -- the law did not allow for that.

"In a very funny way, while we think of Britten as a highly educated man, both in his opera Peter Grimes and this one, it's a lot about normal people trying to reach out, and of being different. Whether it's Peter Grimes or Billy or Vere. Or even Claggart. If he doesn't destroy Billy, Billy destroy him, because he will have to face up to something in himself he has never faced up to, whether homosexuality or something else."

A longtime globe-trotter, de Waart is doing less guest-conducting these days and taking on more long-term positions because of his devotion to family life. He and his wife, Rebecca, a former Santa Fe Opera apprentice singer, were married in Loretto Chapel nine years ago and now have a 7-year-old daughter and a 5-year-old son.

While de Waart remains chief conductor and artistic director of the Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra The Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra (Traditional Chinese: 香港管弦樂團; Pinyin: Xiānggǎng Guǎnxián Yuètuán  for four more years, he will take over the Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra The Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra (MSO) is an orchestra based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The symphony performs at the Marcus Center for the Performing Arts. The MSO presents more than 150 Classics, Classical Connections, Pops, and family concerts annually for more than 200,000 people  helm in October 2009 and become an artistic partner with the St. Paul Chamber Orchestra a year later. Because his wife and children live year-round in Wisconsin, that makes perfect sense when paired with de Waart's Santa Fe Opera position. It also recalls his 1986-1995 music directorship with the Minnesota Orchestra, where he went after serving as music director

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 from 1977 to 1985.

"I don't walk around with any great ambitions to be famous, to conduct in this place, that place," he said reflectively. "With the exception of the Vienna Philharmonic, I have done every orchestra one can wish, worked in every opera house. I've had a fantastic run."

Along that line, "Opera has become, sort of, a smaller part of my life. It's mostly in concert now. The only place where I do it staged is here, because this is a wonderful, lovely place and a great opera company.

"I was music director for the Netherlands Opera for three, four years, and I gave it up. I was expected to be there eight weeks for rehearsals, when the [stage] director was still learning the piece from the CD booklet, not the score! I would put my head in my hands and think, 'I could be home playing with my daughter.'"

Billy Budd opens at 9 p.m. on Saturday, July 12, and repeats

on Wednesday, July 16, July 25 and 31 and Aug. 6, 14, and 21.

Edo de Waart conducts the SFO SFO (in Britain) Serious Fraud Office  Orchestra; the stor is

Paul Curran; scenic and costume design are by Robert Innes Hopkins; and lighting design is by Rick Fisher.

Teddy Tahu Rhodes plays the title role; William Burden sings Captain Vere; Peter Rose is Claggart; Richard Stilwell sings

Mr. Redburn; Timothy Nolen plays Mr. Flint; and John Stephens

is Lieutenant Ratcliffe.

Santa Fe Opera is seven miles north of Santa Fe on U.S. 84/285. Tickets are $26 to $180; $10 standing room. Call 986-5900 or visit santafeopera.org.

CAPTION(S):

1. Captain Vere (William Burden) listening to the report from Master-at-Arms Claggart (Peter Rose)

2. Conductor Edo de Waart and tenor William Burden

during rehearsal

3. All ship-shape: Teddy Tahu Rhodes as Billy Budd
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Title Annotation:Pasatiempo
Publication:The Santa Fe New Mexican (Santa Fe, NM)
Article Type:Opera review
Date:Jul 11, 2008
Words:1518
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