From the editor's desk.
Welcome to Volume 28, Number 3 of the Roeper Review. In keeping with the rich complexity of our field, this issue represents a collection of diverse perspectives on some important aspects of high ability. Several articles deal with the important creative dimensions of giftedness and talent development. Others address patterns of self-regulation; the nuances of talent-search qualification criteria; and the awareness of larger, societal issues among gifted young people. Collectively, the scholars in this issue enhance our awareness that giftedness truly is an intricate and fascinating phenomenon.
In the article, "Creativity: A Social Approach," Arthur Cropley critiques the isolated, individualistic approach that dominates creativity research, and then proceed to highlight its sociocontextual nature. He demonstrates that creativity largely is a social phenomenon guided by social influences on the motivation for creative work and on the configuration ultimately taken by that work. He argues that there are differences among students, teachers, and disciplines in the extent to which they embrace novelty, and in the forms that novelty takes, from orthodox to radical. He finishes by suggesting some classroom implications.
Katherine Wickes and Thomas Ward The name Thomas Ward may refer to:
1. Inclined to investigate; eager for knowledge.
2. Unduly curious and inquiring. See Synonyms at curious. as important to their own creativity; however, these perceptions differ from their ideas about the creativity of others. In addition, these implicit theories turn out to be better predictors of their creative behavior than paper and pencil tests Pencil test has multiple meanings.
Fawzy Ebrahim explored a special dimension of dual exceptionality in his article, "Comparing Creative Thinking Abilities and Reasoning Ability of Deaf and Hearing Children." He reveals some aspects of the relationship between creativity and cognitive ability in the deaf population while teasing teasing
the act of parading a male before a female to see if she displays estrus, and is therefore in a state where mating is likely to be fertile. out some similarities and differences in the creative thinking and reasoning abilities of deaf and hearing children. His recommendations include the need for sensitive assessment that can more readily reveal the abilities of deaf children.
In their article, "Patterns of Self-Regulatory Strategy Use Among Low-Achieving and High-Achieving University Students," Lilia Ruban and Sally Reis employ research from gifted education Gifted education is a broad term for special practices, procedures and theories used in the education of children who have been identified as gifted or talented. Programs providing such education are sometimes called Gifted and Talented Education (GATE) or and academic self-regulation to address the important self-regulatory strategies that can hinder or help the long-term achievement of bright young people. Their findings show some interesting patterns in self-regulatory behavior, including simpler, surface processing among low achievers and advanced, deep, complex processing strategies among high achievers.
Seon-Young Lee and Paula Olszewski-Kubilius studied some important aspects of identification and selection of the talented in their article, "Comparisons Between Talent Search Students Qualifying via Scores on Standardized Tests A standardized test is a test administered and scored in a standard manner. The tests are designed in such a way that the "questions, conditions for administering, scoring procedures, and interpretations are consistent"  and via Parent Nomination." After revealing some nuances of identification pertaining per·tain
intr.v. per·tained, per·tain·ing, per·tains
1. To have reference; relate: evidence that pertains to the accident.
2. to demographics The attributes of people in a particular geographic area. Used for marketing purposes, population, ethnic origins, religion, spoken language, income and age range are examples of demographic data. and ethnicity, they recommend the use of parent nomination as an alternative to standardized standardized
pertaining to data that have been submitted to standardization procedures.
standardized morbidity rate
see morbidity rate.
standardized mortality rate
see mortality rate. achievement tests for highlighting the abilities of non-native English speakers and others whose strengths may not be readily discernable through standard measures.
In the article, "Issue Awareness in Young Highly Gifted Children; Do the Claims Hold Up?" Catya von Karolyi explored the warrant in common claims that highly gifted children are particularly aware of and sensitive to the nuances of nettlesome ethical, societal issues. Among other patterns, she found disparities among young children's responses to issue-laden drawings and parents' reports of their children's issue awareness. She also posited some interesting possible explanations for the disparity.
Addressing a similar theme, Valerie Volk explored the interests of gifted young people in profound, complex world problems and their responses to Future Problem Solving problem solving
Process involved in finding a solution to a problem. Many animals routinely solve problems of locomotion, food finding, and shelter through trial and error. programs. In the article, "Expanding Horizons: Into the Future with Confidence." She analyzed surveys of former Future Problem Solving program participants, noting enhanced issue awareness and positive responses to the program. She also recommended that programs for the gifted address students' issue awareness and their ability to deal with complex, large-scale social issues.
In addition to the articles in this issue, we have some other distinctive contributions. In recent years, Roeper Review has included a series of informative interviews with leaders and pioneers in the field. Sue Henshon provides the next piece in this series with her intriguing in·trigue
a. A secret or underhand scheme; a plot.
b. The practice of or involvement in such schemes.
2. A clandestine love affair.
v. interview of Don Treffinger, an accomplished pathfinder pathfinder /path·find·er/ (path´find?er)
1. an instrument for locating urethral strictures.
2. a dental instrument for tracing the course of root canals.
n. of creativity research and practice. In his responses, Treffinger presents an interesting portrayal of the history of creativity research along with promising thoughts about its future direction. Another important feature of the journal has been Jim Gallagher's columns about noteworthy trends and issues in the field. Now Jim encourages us to think more critically about our evaluative efforts in his column, "How to Shoot Oneself in the Foot with Program Evaluation Program evaluation is a formalized approach to studying and assessing projects, policies and program and determining if they 'work'. Program evaluation is used in government and the private sector and it's taught in numerous universities. ." He will make you contemplate whether or not we are underestimating the effectiveness of programs. Judith Margison keeps us up to date on some of the most recent research in the field with the summaries in her dissertation abstracts section. In addition, Dona Matthews has assembled three interesting reviews in her book review section. Lita Linzer Schwartz reviews Developing More Curious Minds', Jesse Cukierkorn reviews Teaching Talented Art Students: Principles and Practices, and Marion Porath reviews Differentiation in Practice: A Resource Guide for Differentiating Curriculum.
Finally, academic journals rely heavily on the skill and insight of the reviewers who screen and shape the scholarship that ultimately influences the field. Thanks to the reviewers who provide fine service to Roeper Review through their discerning dis·cern·ing
Exhibiting keen insight and good judgment; perceptive.
dis·cerning·ly adv. analyses.
Dr. Don Ambrose, Editor, Roeper Review
Professor of Graduate Education
Graduate Department, School of Education
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