Forestry and wood-based industry in Indonesia.
Indonesia's forestry forestry, the management of forest lands for wood, water, wildlife, forage, and recreation. Because the major economic importance of the forest lies in wood and wood products, forestry has been chiefly concerned with timber management, especially reforestation, industry has been badly hit by the protracted pro·tract
tr.v. pro·tract·ed, pro·tract·ing, pro·tracts
1. To draw out or lengthen in time; prolong: disputants who needlessly protracted the negotiations.
2. crisis since 1997/1998 that the country has lost its role as a major player in timber timber: see lumber; wood. trade in the world.
Many large forestry companies have been beset be·set
tr.v. be·set, be·set·ting, be·sets
1. To attack from all sides.
2. To trouble persistently; harass. See Synonyms at attack.
3. by heavy debt burden worsened by growing scarcity Scarcity
The basic economic problem which arises from people having unlimited wants while there are and always will be limited resources. Because of scarcity, various economic decisions must be made to allocate resources efficiently. of raw material from forests destroyed mainly by rampant illegal logging Illegal logging is the harvest, transportation, purchase or sale of timber in violation of national laws. The harvesting procedure itself may be illegal, including using corrupt means to gain access to forests; extraction without permission or from a protected area; the cutting of . A large part of trees illegally cut is smuggled smug·gle
v. smug·gled, smug·gling, smug·gles
1. To import or export without paying lawful customs charges or duties.
2. To bring in or take out illicitly or by stealth. abroad. Extensive destruction of the forests has resulted in sharp decline in forest productivity.
In addition, the country's products of processed timber are less competitive as most of the factories are no longer efficient.
As a result many companies operating in the forestry sector have stopped or nearly stopped operation. Many concessionaire have failed to repay their debt in reforestation Reforestation
The reestablishment of forest cover either naturally or artificially. Given enough time, natural regeneration will usually occur in areas where temperatures and rainfall are adequate and when grazing and wildfires are not too frequent. fund resulting in the revocation The recall of some power or authority that has been granted.
Revocation by the act of a party is intentional and voluntary, such as when a person cancels a Power of Attorney that he has given or a will that he has written. of their business licenses. And plywood plywood, manufactured board composed of an odd number of thin sheets of wood glued together under pressure with grains of the successive layers at right angles. Laminated wood differs from plywood in that the grains of its sheets are parallel. companies laid off many workers as they could not continue normal operation with scarcity in raw material supply.
The government, concerned with the condition seeks to encourage development of plantation Plantation, city (1990 pop. 66,692), Broward co., SE Fla., a residential suburb of Fort Lauderdale; inc. 1953. The city has grown rapidly along with the development of S Florida. forests (HTI HTI Haiti (ISO Country code)
HTI High Tech Institute
HTI Hand Tools Institute
HTI Hamilton Island, Queensland, Australia (Airport Code)
HTI Horizontal Technology Integration ) to reduce the pressure on natural forests. However, many HTI projects could not be carried out because of financial difficulty.
The prospects, however, are still good for forestry industry. Many units of HTI are expected to start producing logs in the coming several years. HTI is expected to be the main source of log raw material.
Meanwhile the country still has large natural forests. They are still highly potential provided that they well managed to be sustainable.
There are various factors hampering expansion of plantation forests such as protests over losses of various living matters, forest fires This is a list of notorious forest fires: North America
Year Size Name Area Notes
1825 3,000,000 acres (12,000 km²) Miramichi Fire New Brunswick Killed 160 people. , degradation DEGRADATION, punishment, ecclesiastical law. A censure by which a clergy man is deprived of his holy orders, which he had as a priest or deacon. of forest quality and financial difficulty. However, development of HTI is the only viable concept to restore the condition of the country's forestry industry.
In this report, we try to study various related aspects of the forestry industry to identify problems and see any opportunities as well as risk of venture in forestry industry.
FOREST CONCESSIONS (HPH HPH Health Promoting Hospitals
HPH Haiphong Catbi (airport code, Vietnam)
HPH Highland Park Hospital
HpH Helix Pomatia Hemocyanin
HPH High Performance Helicopter
HPH Hodge Podge Hardware
HPH Hutchinson Port Holdings, Ltd. )
Forest management in Indonesia Indonesia (ĭn'dənē`zhə), officially Republic of Indonesia, republic (2005 est. pop. 241,974,000), c.735,000 sq mi (1,903,650 sq km), SE Asia, in the Malay Archipelago.
Earlier especially at the start of the Suharto Suharto or Soeharto (both: shär`tō), 1921–, president of Indonesia (1967–98). regime in the 1970s, the forestry sector was a major contributor to the country's economic development, and forest concession CONCESSION. A grant. This word is frequently used in this sense when applied to grants made by the French and Spanish governments in Louisiana. (HPH) was a dominant system of exploiting natural forests.
HPH system was first introduced in 1967 under the Forestry Law issued that year. HPH holders were required to preserve the forests by observing a number of regulations such as on method of selective cutting, method of using forests (TGHK) and provincial Provincial has several meanings and may refer to:
Layout may refer to:
Sumatra Sumatra (smä`trə), island (1990 pop. 36,471,731), c.183,000 sq mi (473,970 sq km), Indonesia, in the Indian Ocean along the equator, S and W of the Malay Peninsula (from which it and Kalimantan Kalimantan: see Borneo. were the main targets of exploitation Exploitation
See also Opportunism.
Barnum, P. T.
(1810–1891) circus impressario famous for his saying, “Never give a sucker an even break.” [Am. Hist. as the two islands have large forests with valuable tree species. Many large companies were licensed to exploit forests under 20-year contract. In the 1970's logs became a major export earner contributing substantially to economic development.
However, only a few, which held the HPH license, enjoyed the natural wealth from the Sumatra and Kalimantan forests.
Poor management system marked by arbitrary Irrational; capricious.
The term arbitrary describes a course of action or a decision that is not based on reason or judgment but on personal will or discretion without regard to rules or standards. felling of trees and corruption corruption
Improper and usually unlawful conduct intended to secure a benefit for oneself or another. Its forms include bribery, extortion, and the misuse of inside information. It exists where there is community indifference or a lack of enforcement policies. involving the HPH holders resulted in extensive damage to the tropical tropical /trop·i·cal/ (trop´i-k'l) pertaining to the regions of the earth bounded by the parallels of latitude 23° 27' north and south of the equator. forests especially in the middle of the 1980s'.
In less than 15 years, there was a sharp decline in the size of the country's forests. Illegal logging was rampant especially during and after the economic crisis that followed the monetary crisis in 1997/1998. Illegal logging was out of control amid the political instability instability /in·sta·bil·i·ty/ (-stah-bil´i-te) lack of steadiness or stability.
detrusor instability that followed the crisis.
Politicians in Jakarta Jakarta or Djakarta (both: jəkär`tə, jäkär`tä), city and special district (1990 pop. 8,227,746), capital and largest city of Indonesia, NW Java, at the mouth of the canalized Ciliwung River, on Jakarta were too busy consolidating themselves to pay attention to handling illegal logging. As a result many HPH companies could not continue operation. In 2005 only 257 units including integrated ones of 594 HPH companies remained active. The other 337 companies were no longer in operation.
The number of active HPH companies declined so was in the width of forest concession. In 2001, there were 375 HPH companies with 46.2 million hectares of forest concession. In 2003, the number dropped to 267 companies with 27.8 million hectares of of concession. In 2005, there only 257 active HPH with 24.8 million hectares of concession.
East Kalimantan East Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Timur abbrv. Kaltim) is Indonesian province on the east of Borneo island. The resource-rich province has two major cities, Samarinda (the capital and a center for timber product) and Balikpapan (a petroleum center with oil has the largest number of HPH companies with 53 units followed by Papua Papua, province, Indonesia
Papua (păp`ə, –y with 48 companies, and Central Kalimantan Central Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Tengah often abbreviated to Kalteng) is a province of Indonesia, one of four in Kalimantan - the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. Its provincial capital is Palangkaraya.
The province has a population of 1. 43 companies. Papua, however, leads in width of HPH area totaling 8.1 million hectares, followed by East Kalimantan's 5.2 million hectares and Central Kalimantan's 3 million hectares.
There are two categories of HPH namely one integrated with timber processing industry such as plywood factories and sawn timber factories; and one not integrated with timber processing industry. Among the 257 HPH companies only 68 having integrated HPH units with 7.02 million hectares of concession. Most or 189 companies operate non integrated units totaling 17.76 million hectares.
Part of the integrated units are integrated with plywood factories, block board factories and particle board particle board: see composition board. factories and the rest with sawn timber, wood working and moulding factories.
HPH holders and width of areas
The following table shows holders of integrated and non integrated units of HPH. Among the holders of non-integrated units of HPH, 50 largest companies control 55.6% of the total areas of non-integrated HPH
1. Bitingly critical or satiric: slashing wit.
2. Dashing; pelting: a slashing hailstorm.
3. of HPH licenses
The government has started reducing the number of HPH holders and their HPH areas since 2000. Production forests have been reduced in width that the number of trees ready for harvest (tool, networking) Harvest - A highly scalable, customisable system for discovering resources on the Internet.
http://tardis.ed.ac.uk/harvest/. has also declined. The government, therefore, decided to gradually grad·u·al
Advancing or progressing by regular or continuous degrees: gradual erosion; a gradual slope.
n. Roman Catholic Church
1. reduced the number of HPH units and areas given to a company group.
In 2005 and 2006 the government launched anti illegal logging operations twice respectively called conservation forest operations I and II (OHL OHL Ontario Hockey League
OHL Oberste Heeresleitung (German: Highest Command of Military; WWI)
OHL OverHead Line (Mer Mec power transmission, railway equipment)
OHL Oral Hairy Leukoplakia I & OHL II) The government also adopted firmer measure against failure to observe forestry regulations such as in the payment of reforestation funds. Those having arrears A sum of money that has not been paid or has only been paid in part at the time it is due.
A person who is "in arrears" is behind in payments due and thus has outstanding debts or liabilities. are strongly warned and failure to heed the warning could face their licenses revoked.
Among large company groups having their HPH units reduced include the Barito Barito (bärē`tō), river, c.550 mi (890 km) long, rising in the mountains of central Borneo, Indonesia, and flowing generally S to the Java Sea. Banjarmasin is the head of oceangoing navigation. Pacific Group, Kalimanis Group and Kayu Lapis Group. The number of HPH units of the Barito Pacific group, was reduced from 29 with concessions totaling 3.02 million hectares to 18 with areas totaling 1.61 million hectares.
HPH in Papua
As forests have dwindled in size in Sumatra and Kalimantan forestry companies move to Papua. Among large companies having HPH units in Papua include Barito Pacific Group, Djajanti and Alas Kesuma.
Barito Pacific Group
This company is owned by tycoon Prayogo Pangestu. The company's daily operation is run by, Prayogo's son Agus Salim Haji Agus Salim (Koto Gadang, Bukittinggi, Minangkabau, October 8 1884-Jakarta, November 4 1954) was one of Indonesia's founding fathers and prominent diplomats. He played a leading role in the creation of the Indonesian Constitution in 1945 and served as Indonesia's foreign Pangestu. The group's logging subsidiaries in West Papua West Papua: see Papua. are:
* PT Mangole Timber Unit VI having 150,000 hectares of HPH
* PT Barito Cendrawasih having 228,000 hectares of HPH
This company group is owned by tycoon Burhan Uray
Uray or Urai (Russian: Ура́й alias Wong n. 1. A field. Ming Ming (mĭng), dynasty of China that ruled from 1368 to 1644. The first Ming emperor, Chu Yüan-chang (ruled 1368–98), a former Buddhist monk, joined a rebellion in progress, gained control of it, overthrew the Mongol Yüan dynasty, and Kiong alias Bong Sung On alias Swan swan, common name for a large aquatic bird of both hemispheres, related to ducks and geese. It has a long, gracefully curved neck and an extremely long, convoluted trachea which makes possible its far-carrying calls. An Bong/Sun On Bong/Sun On Hwang Hwang can refer to:
The Malaysian-based company is controlled by Tan TAN
See tax anticipation note (TAN). Eng Kwee and Fredy Fredy may refer to:
tang: see butterfly fish. . PT Wapoga Mutiara Timber has three timber concessions covering approximately ap·prox·i·mate
1. Almost exact or correct: the approximate time of the accident.
2. 800,000 hectares located at the Gulf of Cendrawasih, Manokwari Manokwari is a city and regency in the Indonesian province of West Irian Jaya, at the western end of New Guinea. Since 2003 it has been the capital of the province.
and at Jayapura Jayapura or Djajapura (both: jä'yəpŭr`ə), formerly Sukarnapura (skär'nəp , all of which are located in Papua (formerly known as Irian Jaya Irian Jaya, province, Indonesia: see Papua. ). PT Wapoga Mutiara Industries has an integrated timber complex based in Biak Bi·ak
The largest of the Schouten Islands of Indonesia, off the northwest coast of New Guinea. In World War II it was the scene of heavy fighting from May 27 to June 20, 1944. , which operates downstream From the provider to the customer. Downloading files and Web pages from the Internet is the downstream side. The upstream is from the customer to the provider (requesting a Web page, sending e-mail, etc.). industry producing plywood, block-board, film face, sawn timber moulding products.
--PT Wapoga II = 155,000 ha
--PT Wapoga Mutiara Timber = 407,350 ha
--PT Wapoga Mutiara Timber Unit I = 178,300 ha
Korindo is the fourth largest forestry company group in Indonesia, owned by South Korean Korean, language of uncertain ancestry. It is thought by some scholars to be akin to Japanese, by others to be a member of the Altaic subfamily of the Ural-Altaic family of languages (see Uralic and Altaic languages), and by still others to be unrelated to any known In Young Sun. The group has two logging companies with concessions in West Papua as follows:
--PT Tunas Sawa Erma 244,850 ha, acquired in February February: see month. 1993.
--PT Bade Makmur Orissa Orissa (ərĭs`ə, ō–), state (2001 provisional pop. 36,706,920), 60,162 sq mi (155,820 sq km), E India, on the Bay of Bengal. Bhubaneswar is the capital. The relatively unindented coastline (c. 462,600 ha, acquired in March 1993.
Alas Kusuma Kusuma is a village in Reodar Tahsil of Sirohi District of Indian state of Rajasthan.It is 45 km from Abu Road.Its ancient name was Kutsasrama meaning a hermitage of Kutsa. Group
The group is owned by PO Suwandi and Ibnu Hartomo, brother of deceased deceased 1) adj. dead. 2) n. the person who has died, as used in the handling of his/her estate, probate of will and other proceedings after death, or in reference to the victim of a homicide (as: "The deceased had been shot three times. wife of former President Soeharto Soeharto: see Suharto. . Prabu Alaska Alaska (əlă`skə), largest in area of the United States but third smallest (exceeding only Vermont and Wyoming) in population, occupying the northwest extremity of the North American continent, separated from the coterminous United States is an affiliate Affiliate
Relationship between two companies when one company owns substantial interest, but less than a majority of the voting stock of another company, or when two companies are both subsidiaries of a third company. See: Subsidiaries, parent company. of the Alas Kusuma. Group PT Prabu Alaska has HPH totaling 319,600 ha.
Linked to Soeharto family and Indonesian military.
--PT Hanurata Coy Ltd 188,000 ha
PLANTATION FOREST (Hutan Tanaman Industri = (HTI)
In the middle of the 1980s' the government launched an ambitious program to build plantation forests (HTI) in a bid to preserve natural forests. HTI units were built especially in Sumatra and Kalimantan. The program is aimed at reducing dependence on natural forest for wood raw material needed by timber processing industry.
HTI units were built on denuded forest lands. HTI companies were offered subsidy subsidy, financial assistance granted by a government or philanthropic foundation to a person or association for the purpose of promoting an enterprise considered beneficial to the public welfare. by the government with interest free loan from Reforestation Fund, which was collected from HPH as fee to finance reforestation.
HTI concession was mainly to grow trees for pulp and wood works industries. HTI could be built in cooperation with HPH companies or independently. There were also HTI units called HTI-Trans built in transmigration areas built by migrant mi·grant
1. One that moves from one region to another by chance, instinct, or plan.
2. An itinerant worker who travels from one area to another in search of work.
Migratory. families. In Sumatra there were many transmigration centers with migrant families from Java Java (jä`və), island (1990 pop. 107,525,520), c.51,000 sq mi (132,090 sq km), Indonesia, S of Borneo, from which it is separated by the Java Sea, and SE of Sumatra across Sunda Strait. and Bali Bali (bä`lē), island and (with two offshore islets) province (1990 pop. 2,777,356), c.2,200 sq mi (5,700 sq km), E Indonesia, westernmost of the Lesser Sundas, just E of Java across the narrow Bali Strait. The capital is Denpasar. . HTI-Trans grew mainly trees for woodwork woodwork: see carpentry; furniture; intarsia; marquetry; veneer; wood carving. industry.
Forest destruction rate, however, was faster than HTI development. In addition, the program came too late after large parts of forests had been destroyed. As many timber processing factories, which relied on logs form legal sources, could not continue operation for shortage of the raw material.
Until April 2006, the government issued licenses for 248 units of HTI covering a total area of 10 million hectares including 5,963 hectares for pulp HTI and 3,741 hectares for non pulp HTI.
Until the end of 2005, there were 229 licensed HTI companies but only 209 of them were operational covering a total area of 8.04 million hectares. The other 20 companies were no longer active for financial problem.
Development of HTI in concession areas, however, was too slow. Until 2005, the government issued licenses for HTI covering 8.04 million hectares but development in the past 10 years totaled only 3.41 million. Every year, only 100,000 - 200,000 hectares of HTI were built by the HTI licensees.
After the monetary crisis, development of HTI units declined sharply. In 1997, development covered 300,000 hectares, but the completion shrank shrank
A past tense of shrink.
a past tense of shrink
shrank shrink to only 100,000 hectares in the following year and in 2001 it was only 67,000 hectares.
Government wants to speed up development of 5 million hectares of HTI
Most HTI projects are joint ventures between state forestry company PT INHUTANI I-V and private companies. Out of 4.26 million hectares of HTI areas to be built 3.26 million hectares are under PT Inhutani and its joint venture partners. Most of forest areas managed by PT Inhutani are formerly HPH areas left idle by HPH companies or left by HPH companies not having their license renewed re·new
v. re·newed, re·new·ing, re·news
1. To make new or as if new again; restore: renewed the antique chair.
Inhutani later formed joint ventures with private investors to develop the forest areas.
PT. Barito Pasific Timber Tbk TBK - Tool Builder Kit .
PT Barito Pasific Timber Tbk has submitted applications for license to build HTI in Samarinda Samarinda is the capital of the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan (Kalimantan Timur) on the island of Borneo. The city lies on the banks of the Mahakam River. or Banjarmasin Banjarmasin or Bandjarmasin (both: bän'jərmä`sĭn), city (1990 pop. 481,371), capital of Kalimantan Seletan prov. , but the answer is not forthcoming. The HTI project is expected to support its wood working industry to be expanded in Kalimantan. The location is selected on he river side areas of Mahakam and Barito rivers as the rivers will facilitate transport to HTI and factories.
Sinar Mas Forestry to build 1 million hectares of HTI
Sinar Mas Forestry (SMF (1) (Standard Messaging Format) An electronic mail format for Novell's MHS messaging system. The application puts the data into this format in order to send an e-mail message. ) will build 1 million hectares of HTI until 2009 to guarantee feedstock feed·stock
Raw material required for an industrial process.
Noun 1. feedstock - the raw material that is required for some industrial process
raw material, staple - material suitable for manufacture or use or finishing for its pulp factories. Currently SMF has only 600,000 hectares land for HTI in five provinces--Jambi, Riau For other uses, see Riau (disambiguation).
Riau is a province of Indonesia, located in the center of Sumatra island along the Strait of Malacca. The provincial capital and largest city is Pekanbaru. Other major cities includes Dumai, Bangkinang and Siak Sri Indrapura. , West Kalimantan West Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Barat often abbreviated to Kalbar) is a province of Indonesia. It is one of four Indonesian provinces in Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. Its capital city Pontianak is located right on the Equator line. and East Kalimantan.
In its early phase, the group will build 100,000 hectares in South Sumatra South Sumatra or Sumatera Selatan is a province of Indonesia. It is on the island of Sumatra, and borders the provinces of Lampung to the south, Bengkulu to the west, and Jambi to the north. . It will set aside US$ 1,200 in fund to finance every hectare hectare (hĕk`târ, –tär), abbr. ha, unit of area in the metric system, equal to 10,000 sq m, or about 2.47 acres. of the project.
A director of Sinar Mas Forestry, Soebardjo said if SMF has 1 million hectares of HTI it will be self sufficient in raw material for its pulp industry. Currently the 612,000 hectares of HTI to be built in five provinces will be anough only to supply 50% of raw material needed by its pulp factories.
Sumalindo to rely more on HTI for raw material
PT Sumalindo Lestari Jaya Jaya (born Maria Luisa Ramsey on March 21, 1970, in Manila, Philippines) is a Filipino pop singer with African American ancestry. Biography
She is known in the Philippines as the Queen of Soul. Tbk is set to reduce dependence on natural forests for raw material and relay relay, electromechanical switch operated by a flow of electricity in one circuit and controlling the flow of electricity in another circuit. A relay consists basically of an electromagnet with a soft iron bar, called an armature, held close to it. more on this.
Currently, PT Sumalindo Lestari Jaya Tbk (SLJ SLJ School Library Journal
SLJ Samuel L Jackson (actor)
SLJ Standing Long Jump
SLJ Sentinels of Liberty and Justice
SLJ Seekers of the Lost Jedi
SLJ School for Law & Justice (Urban Assembly; Brooklyn, NY) ) has ecolabel certificate from Smart Wood, the Indonesian ecolabel agency (LEI), WWF--Indonesia, for its timber products. Company deputy director David said HTI trees grow much faster than natural forest trees. HTI production, therefore, is much higher.
PT SLJ has been able to produce logs from HTI having the same diameters with trees from natural forests in shorter time.
Log Production fluctuated
There have been fears over the past several years that the country's natural forests would no longer be able to feed its timber processing industry. Log supplies have become scarce after the country's forestry industry especially plywood industry was developed in 1981.
Previously logs for plywood were supplied from forest concessions (HPH) owned by forestry industrialists. However, since early the 1990s many plywood factories could no longer rely on their HPH for logs. They have to buy logs from other places or island. Plywood factories in Sumatra, for example, have to buy logs from Kalimantan, but log supplies in Kalimantan have also been dwindling dwin·dle
v. dwin·dled, dwin·dling, dwin·dles
To become gradually less until little remains.
To cause to dwindle. See Synonyms at decrease. fast.
Until 1997 when the crisis began to hit the country, the country's log production was relatively high averaging 29 million cu.m a year, but after that year the production dropped to 19 million cu.m and then to 8 million cu.m at present.
The condition was worsened by rampant illegal logging especially after the monetary crisis. The lifting of log export ban on recommendation of the IMF IMF
See: International Monetary Fund
See International Monetary Fund (IMF). , which was invited by the government to find the panacea for the crisis, contributed to rampant illegal logging. Indonesia has openly accused Malaysia Malaysia (məlā`zhə), independent federation (2005 est. pop. 23,953,000), 128,430 sq mi (332,633 sq km), Southeast Asia. The official capital and by far the largest city is Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya is the adminstrative capital. and China of accepting illegally cut trees or smuggled logs from the country.
It is estimated that more than 7 million cu.m of logs were smuggled out of the country every year resulting in rapid rate of destruction of its rain forests. Based on data at the Forestry Ministry, around 7 million-8 million cu.m of trees were illegally cut . Part of the illegally cut trees are sold to local timber processing factories and the rest are and smuggled out of the country every year.
Log Production by Sources
The country's production of logs from natural forests has declined since 2001. In 2000, the country's log production totaled 13 million cu.m including 2.45 million cu.m from natural forests and 4.56 million cu.m from conversion forests. In 2000 and 2001, there were wide forests converted manly into oil palm plantations PLANTATIONS. Colonies, (q.v.) dependencies. (q.v.) 1 Bl. Com. 107. In England, this word, as it is used in St. 12, II. c. 18, is never applied to, any of the British dominions in Europe, but only to the colonies in the West Indies and America. 1 Marsh. Ins, B. 1, c. 3, Sec. 2, page 64. .
Many of the companies holding the conversion license have been known to misuse the license. They failed to grow oil palm trees or other crops in the lands already cleared from trees. They were interested only in the trees from the forests and had no intention of cultivating the land with oil palm trees or other commercial crops. As a result wide forest lands were left nude land unused in Kalimantan and other islands. In Kalimantan alone there were around 2 million hectares of formerly forest lands have become bush land. Since 2002, tree supply from conversion forests has declined sharply foreign timber processing factories to use stolen logs or illegally cut trees.
Plantation forests or industrial timber estate (HTI) have become more important. Since 2000, their contribution to the country's log production has increased substantially partly offsetting a decline in supply from conversion forests. In 2003, log production from HTI and plantation forests of state-owned forestry company Perum Perhutani began to exceed log production from natural forests. Contribution from Perum Perhutani is especially teakwood from Java.
Log Production by Provinces
The province of Riau has become the largest producer of logs in the country in the past several years. Its log production totaled 6.97 million cu.m in 2005.
Riau could maintain high production of log as it has long expanded HTI especially to feed its pulp industry.
However, the largest producer of logs from natural forests is Central Kalimantan, which produced 2.53 million cu.m, followed by East Kalimantan with production of 1.59 million cu.m in 2005. Log production in East Kalimantan is largely from forest conversion mainly into oil palm plantations. In Central Kalimantan log production comes mainly from production forests.
v. o·ver·crowd·ed, o·ver·crowd·ing, o·ver·crowds
To cause to be excessively crowded: a system of consolidation that only overcrowded the classrooms. Java still produces considerable quantity of logs mainly teak teak, tall deciduous tree (Tectona grandis) of the family Verbenaceae (verbena family), native to India and Malaysia but now widely cultivated in other tropical areas. wood logs also due to plantation forests, which have been developed since the Dutch colonial time. Now the teakwood forests in Java are managed by Perum Perhutani. Java produces around 978,000 cu.m of logs a year as against Papua's 700,000 cu.m and Sulawesi's 50,000 cu.m. In Papua, illegal logging has become rampant in the wake of the financial crisis, therefore, log production from that region is estimated to reach more than 1 million cu.m a year.
CASES INVOLVING HPH COMPANIES
Arrears in Reforestation Fund (DR)
Until the end of 2004, there were 24 HPH companies still having arrears in reforestation fund (DR) and resource royalty Compensation for the use of property, usually copyrighted works, patented inventions, or natural resources, expressed as a percentage of receipts from using the property or as a payment for each unit produced. provision (PSDH PSDH Positive Semi-Definite Hermitian (matrix) ) located in Papua, Maluku Maluku: see Moluccas, Indonesia. , Central Kalimantan, West Kalimantan, Southeast Sulawesi Sulawesi (s'läwā`sē), formerly Celebes (sĕl`əbēz), island (1990 pop. 12,511,163), c. and Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam with total arrears of US$ 15.3 million and Rp 10.6 billion in reforestation fund and Rp 53 billion in PSDH.
Nine HPH companies having PSDH arrears warned
Nine HPH companies have received a third warning from the Forestry Ministry for failure to settle arrears of Rp 49.61 billion in PSDH and Rp 109.6 billion in reforestation fund. The companies are:
--PT Artika Optima Inti II
--PT Artika Optima Inti IV,
--PT Gunung Gunung is the Malay or Indonesian word for mountain - it is regularly used in volcano and mountain names throughout South east asia. E.g.
--PT Benua Indah,
--PT Membramo Alas Mandiri,
--PT Budhi Nyata,
--PT Ketapang Indah Plywood,
--PT Kartika Kartika could be referred to:
--PT Trisetia Intiga.
The forestry minister said apart from the nine companies there are 13 other having arrears of Rp 24.3 billion in reforestation fund and PSDH. The arrears were reduced from Rp 1.3 trillion One thousand times one billion, which is 1, followed by 12 zeros, or 10 to the 12th power. See space/time.
(mathematics) trillion - In Britain, France, and Germany, 10^18 or a million cubed.
In the USA and Canada, 10^12. in Dec. 2003 to Rp 186.55 billion in Dec. 31, 2004, but the amount rose later to reach Rp 241 billion at present..
PT Gunung Meranti and Trisetia fully repaid DR arrears
PT Gunung Meranti and PT Trisetia Intiga fully repaid their DR debt in June to avoid the sanction sanction, in law and ethics, any inducement to individuals or groups to follow or refrain from following a particular course of conduct. All societies impose sanctions on their members in order to encourage approved behavior. by the government. With the repayment Repayment
The act of paying back a debt.
Everyone has to repay their debts eventually.
See also: Debt, Defeasance, Loan 6, they were safe from having their license revoked.
PT Gunung Meranti repaid Rp 178.4 million (US$ 20,000) and PT Tisetia Intiga repaid Rp 354.15 million in PSDH and US$ 223,708 in DR.
The license of two of those failing to repay their PSDH and DRD DRD Dopa-Responsive Dystonia
DRD Dividends Received Deduction
DRD Drag Rescue Device (firefighter bunker)
DRD Deputy Regional Director
DRD Data Requirements Document
DRD Direct Reading Dosimeter
DRD Department of Redundancy Department debts have been revoked. They were PT Artika Optima Inti I in Papua with unpaid debt of US$ 808,015 in DR and Rp 3.9 billion in PSDH and. PT Bina Mahawana Wisesa in North Sulawesi North Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Utara) is a province of Indonesia. It is on the island of Sulawesi, and borders the province of Gorontalo to the west (originally a part of North Sulawesi until 2001 when it became its own province). with arrears of US$ 67,274.97 in DR and Rp 38.44 million in PSDH.
HPH companies having their licenses revoked
Apart from PT Artika Optima Inti I and PT Bina Mahawana Wisesa the government has revoked the license of 9 HPH companies in the past two years for DR and PSDH arrears.
Forestry Minister hands over 8 new IUPHHK and extension
Forestry Minister M.S. Kaban Kaban may refer to one of the following:
n 1. the extent to which a given group uses a particular service in a specified period. Although usually expressed as the number of services used per year per 100 or per 1000 persons eligible for the service, utilization rates may be (IUPHHK) both for natural forests and plantation forests to support the program to revitalize re·vi·tal·ize
tr.v. re·vi·tal·ized, re·vi·tal·iz·ing, re·vi·tal·iz·es
To impart new life or vigor to: plans to revitalize inner-city neighborhoods; tried to revitalize a flagging economy. the country's forestry industry. Four of the licenses are for
new companies and the rest for renewal of old licenses. Six of the licenses are for exploitation of natural forests totaling 318,065 hectares and two for plantation forests totaling 138,500 hectares.
STATE FORESTRY COMPANIES
There are six state companies operating in the forestry sector. They are PT Inhutani I--V with concessions outside Java and Perum Perhutani controlling all forests in Java.
PT Inhutani I--V
HPH units operated by PT Inhutani I - V total 4.24 million hectares and of which 964,000 hectares are managed alone by the companies and the remaining 3.27 million hectares are managed through joint ventures with private companies or cooperatives
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HTI units operated by PT Inhutani I-V total 3.26 million hectares including 611,000 hectares managed alone by the companies and 2.65 million hectares managed in joint venture.
The condition of many units of HPH operated by PT Inhutani's is bad after being fully exploited by HPH companies. As a result PT Inhutani's have reported large losses in the past several years.
Credits Rp 5.8 trillion for timber factories of PT Inhutani III, IV and V
Forestry Minister MS. Kaban has proposed special credit scheme to revitalize money losing PT Inhutani III, IV and VI. Kaban suggested the use of Rp 5.8 trillion of reforestation fund held by state Bank Mandiri Bank Mandiri (JSX : BMRI) is the largest bank in Indonesia in term of assets, loans and deposits. Total assets as of Q3 2006 were IDR 253.7 trillion (or USD 25.7 billion). It also has Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) of 23% (including market risk), Return on Asset (RoA) of 0. .
The fund will be used to build acacia tree processing factories to produce veneer veneer (vənēr`), thin leaf of wood applied with glue to a panel or frame of solid wood. The art of veneer developed with early civilization. that is expected to turn out larger profit for the companies.
The three companies need additional capital and change in their business culture. Support in capital, however, is not easy to come from banks or other financers. They need to change their business first from logging to processed timber industry to increase the added value Added value in financial analysis of shares is to be distinguished from value added. Used as a measure of shareholder value, calculated using the formula:
Perhutani asks government to allow it to determine its felling quota quota
In international trade, a government-imposed limit on the quantity of goods and services that may be exported or imported over a specified period of time. Quotas are more effective than tariffs in restricting trade, since they limit the availability of goods rather
Perum Perhutani has urged the government to allow it to determine its annual production of logs as the forests under its management are plantation forests the harvest of which has been planned before they are built. Perum Perhutani, therefore, knows the potential of its forests.
In 2005, log production of Perum Perhutani totaled 739,487 cu.m consisting of 344,204 cu.m of teakwood and 395,283 cu.m jungle jungle [Hindustani jangal=desert, forest; from Skt. jangala=wasteland, uncultivated land], densest form of tropical forest (usually second growth or later) found throughout tropical lowland regions. forests trees. Log requirement in Java totals more than 2 million cu.m a year.
Silviculture silviculture: see forestry. , which requires felling and replanting could not properly be implemented with the annual felling quota system Quota System can refer to:
Perum Perhutani manages all state forests in Java. Until 2005, its forest concession totaled 2.51 million hectares consisting of 1.84 million hectares of production forests and .0.67 million hectares of other forests.
Perum Perhutani continues to report losses
President of Perum Perhutani Transtoto Handadhari said the company posted a loss of more than Rp1 trillion a year as a result of falling prices of logs, illegal logging, and weak security. Weak security causes potential income of Rp 1 trillion a year.
An official of Perum Perhutani acknowledged poor and corrupt management had contributed to the loss suffered by the company every year in the past. He said the company produces 800,000 cu.m of wood a year and the trees were sold at a low prices by degrading TO DEGRADE, DEGRADING. To, sink or lower a person in the estimation of the public.
2. As a man's character is of great importance to him, and it is his interest to retain the good opinion of all mankind, when he is a witness, he cannot be compelled to disclose the quality of the tree causing loss of a potential income of Rp 400 billion a year. The losses did not include potential income if security is good.
Central Java Central Java (Indonesian: Provinsi Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. The administrative capital is Semarang. It is one of the six provinces of the island of Java. Central Java is both a political entity and a cultural concept. Perum Perhutani reported loss of Rp 130 billion in 2005 for illegal; logging of 65,000 cu.m. The loss was 50% smaller than in 2004 when around 130,000 cu.m of trees were lost stolen.
Forestry minister reviews state cooperation between state forestry Companies
PT Inhutani I and PT Intracawood Manufacturing
The government will review cooperation among state companies in the forestry sector considering continued losses reported by PT Inhutani I to V including in the handover n. 1. The act of relinquishing property or authority etc. to another; as, the handover of occupied territory to the original posssessors; the handover of power from the military back to the civilian authorities s>. of concession between PT Inhutani I and PT Intracawood Manufacturing in Kalimantan.
The forestry minister said he will review all cooperation involving state companies and private companies including between PT Inhutani I and PT Intracawood Manufacturing. Based on data at the forestry ministry, PT Inhutani has been given rights to manage 2.2 million hectares of forests in East Kalimantan, according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. a decision of the forestry minister in 1976 which was revised in 2004. One of its units of HPH covering 243,920 ha, was managed in cooperation with PT Intracawood Manufacturing. On Oct. 18 n 2002, PT Intracawood Manufacturing proposed to establish the units under its management as a separate IUPHHK.
In 2004, the then forestry minister issued a license for PT Intracawood Manufacturing with a concession of 45 years with production quota of 104,817 cu.m a year.
However, M.S. Kaban said the IUPHHK held by PT Intracawood is not valid as it was given not through auction as required by the regulation.
President of PT Intracawood Siti Hartati Murdaya agued the decision of the forestry minister is valid and has been confirmed by state administrative court with a decision No. 168/G.TUN/2004/PTUNJKT on March 8, 2005, saying the procedure is not against the regulation.
WOOD PROCESSING Wood processing is an engineering discipline comprising the production of forest products, such as pulp and paper, construction materials, and tall oil. Paper engineering is a subfield of wood processing. Many countries, notably Sweden also produce tar from pine trees. INDUSTRY
Wood processing industry facing bankruptcy bankruptcy, in law, settlement of the liabilities of a person or organization wholly or partially unable to meet financial obligations. The purposes are to distribute, through a court-appointed receiver, the bankrupt's assets equitably among creditors and, in most
Almost all timber processing companies in the country are on the brink of bankruptcy because of the difficulty in securing the raw material amid high credit
interest rate. Only around 40% of 115 plywood factories and 30% of 2,600 sawn timber factories remain in operation and they are operating much below their installed capacity.
Scarcity of raw material, financial problem and old machines worsen wors·en
tr. & intr.v. wors·ened, wors·en·ing, wors·ens
To make or become worse.
to make or become worse
worsening adjn the condition of the country's timber processing industry facing competition in international market.
Those remaining in operation could not operate at full capacity. They are operating only at around 50% of heir installed capacity.
In 2004, the remaining 55 plywood factories in operation with an annual capacity of 5.52 million cu.m produced only 4 million cu.m of plywood.
Almost half or 26 of the 55 remaining plywood factories in operation are integrated with HPH, but hey still could not rely fully on the HPH for the raw material.
A number of large plywood factories have collapsed as a result of economic crisis in 1998-2000.
The Barito Pacific Group still managed to continue to become the largest plywood producer although its factories have been reduced from 8 to 4 units with an annual production capacity of 642,000 cu.m.
The factories of Kayu Lapis Indonesia Group has also been slashed slash
v. slashed, slash·ing, slash·es
1. To cut or form by cutting with forceful sweeping strokes: slash a path through the underbrush.
2. from three to two units with an annual production capacity of 630,000 cu.m.
Alas Kesuma Group originally had 5 factories with an annual capacity of 349,000 cu.m, but now the number has been reduced to 3 with an annual capacity of 175,000 cu.m.
The South Korea's Korindo Group maintained three factories with an annual capacity of 309,000 cu.m from originally five factories with an annual capacity of 409,000 cu.m. This group has started diversified diversified (di·verˑ·s its business to agribusiness agribusiness
Agriculture operated by business; specifically, that part of a modern national economy devoted to the production, processing, and distribution of food and fibre products and byproducts. sector by building oil palm plantations.
Other ailing giants include the Djajanti Group now facing revocation of its license over failure to repay its DR debt. Its attempt to diversify diversify
To acquire a variety of assets that do not tend to change in value at the same time. To diversify a securities portfolio is to purchase different types of securities in different companies in unrelated industries. business to fishery sector also failed in Papua and Maluku.
The Kalimanis group owned by tycoon Bob Hasan Mohamad "Bob" Hasan (born 1931) is an Indonesian businessman, former Minister of Trade and Industry, and friend of former president of Indonesia Suharto. Hasan was convicted of corruption in 2001 in a widely-publicised trial. , who has served jail term for corruption has been virtually non existent ex·is·tent
1. Having life or being; existing. See Synonyms at real1.
2. Occurring or present at the moment; current.
One that exists.
Adj. 1. .
PRODUCTION DEVELOPMENT OF WOOD PROCESSING INDUSTRY
A decline in production was recorded by timber processing industries both in the upstream From the consumer to the provider. See downstream.
(networking) upstream - Fewer network hops away from a backbone or hub. For example, a small ISP that connects to the Internet through a larger ISP that has their own connection to the backbone is downstream from the larger to downstream sectors. The monetary crisis left timber processing companies beset by heavy debt burden that some of them have to stop operation.
Wood Panel Industry
A drastic fall was recorded in the country production of wood panel such as plywood, block board and particle board in the wake of the crisis as many plywood companies were forced to stop operation. Illegal logging became out of control with weak law enforcement as a result of vulnerable political instability in the process of transition toward greater democracy in the country.
While attentions were focused on overcoming political upheavals and security problem illegal logging that has caused extensive destruction to the environment and the tropical forests, escaped the spotlight Spotlight can refer to at least three types of lighting:
In 1996, the country's production of wood panel totaled 12 million cu.m including 10.2 million cu.m of plywood. In 2001, the production hit the rock bottom of 2.9 million cu.m. Many factories stopped production as log raw material became scarce while smuggling smuggling, illegal transport across state or national boundaries of goods or persons liable to customs or to prohibition. Smuggling has been carried on in nearly all nations and has occasionally been adopted as an instrument of national policy, as by Great Britain of logs was rampant.
Illegal loggers had contracts to supply buyers abroad leaving the domestic market short of the raw material. Countries such as China and Malaysia that used smuggled logs are able to sell plywood at more competitive prices.
Plywood Production by Provinces
The country's production of plywood has declined in the past three years. Many provinces have ceased to become plywood producers in 2005 such as Banten For the Banten meteorite of 1933, see .
For the sultanate, see .
For the city and harbor, see .
Banten is a province of Indonesia, located at the western end of Java Island. Banten has an area of 9,160.7 km² and population of 9,083,114 (2005). , East Java East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur) is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the eastern part of the island of Java and also includes neighboring Madura and Bawean islands. , West Irian Jaya West Irian Jaya: see Papua, Indonesia. Barat
East Kalimantan and South Kalimantan South Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Selatan often abbreviated to Kalsel) is a province of Indonesia. It is one of four Indonesian provinces in Kalimantan - the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. The provincial capital is Banjarmasin. remain the largest producers of plywood in the country. Log production in South Kalimantan has declined sharply forcing plywood producers in that province to buy logs from other areas.
Sawn wood and other processed timber
The country's production of sawn timber has declined from year to year in the past several years. Many sawn timber factories have no more forest concession to rely on for logs.
Many of sawn timber producers are small companies that could not easily buy logs form other provinces. Therefore, many of them rely on illegal loggers.
In 2000, the country's production of sawn timber totaled 2.7 million cu.m, but in 2001, the production fell to 674,000 cu.m. In 2005, the production began to scale up after the government launch anti illegal logging drive.
It is not easy to determine the country's production of sawn timber as they are located in remote areas and many of them do not want to report their production as they use illegally cut trees for raw material.
Production Of Sawn Timber By Provinces
There is no province dominant in sawn timber production. The producers are found in various areas.
Five largest producers are East Kalimantan, Central Java, West Kalimantan, Lampung Lampung is a province of Indonesia, located on the southern tip of the island of Sumatra. It borders the provinces of Bengkulu and South Sumatra. The original inhabitant of Lampung is the "Lampung" tribe, who speak a distinct language from other people in Sumatra and have their own , and South Kalimantan. Central Java is a major producer processing teakwood logs.
Exports of Processed Timber
The country's exports of processed timber has dropped sharply over the past several years to follow the growing scarcity in supply of log raw material. In addition the prices of plywood declined in international markets.
Indonesia lost an opportunity to gain from an increase in the prices of plywood rose in 2004 and 2005 as it could not increase its production because of the scarcity in raw material supply.
Japan still is the largest buyer for Indonesian plywood though exports to that country have also declined from 1.46 million tons (Transparent Optical Networking Services) A marketing term for providing dark fiber to a customer. The customer is responsible for generating the transmission signal and interpreting it at the other end. See dark fiber. in 2001 to 687,000 tons in 2005. Other major buyers are the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. and China.
The largest buyer for sawn timber is China to which exports totaled 7,800 tons in 2005. The figure is much smaller than the official figure recorded by China . The difference raised suspicion The apprehension of something without proof to verify the belief.
Suspicion implies a belief or opinion based upon facts or circumstances that do not constitute proof.
SUSPICION. A belief to the disadvantage of another, accompanied by a doubt. that illegal exports of timber has continued to that country.
Log consumption for timber processing industry in the country was estimated at 39.97 million m3 in 2005. The estimate is based on assumption:
* The average content for plywood is 55%
* The average content for sawn timber is 62%
* 1 ton pulp will need 4.73 m3 of log
Pulp industry was the largest user of logs with consumption of 25.89 million m3 in 2005. Consumption for plywood and other wood panel industries totaled 11.04 million m3.
Pulp industry uses wood of various types in quality or sizes that almost all parts of trees could be used by pulp industry.
The ratio of plywood to log is the lowest as most of plywood factories in Indonesia use old machine which are no longer efficient. The machines leave too much waste in the process of production.
Plywood and sawn timber industries use only the tree trunks, but pulp industry also uses the branches. Therefore, pulp industry is more efficient in the use of trees.
Supplies of wood logs for timber processing industries are much larger than reported by the forestry ministry.
In 2005, log requirement totaled 39.97 million m3, as against official supplies of 24.19 million m3 from HPH and HTI as recorded by the ministry.
The difference of 15.78 million m3, therefore were supplied from other sources including illegal sources involving in illegal logging.
Before the government launched intensive anti illegal logging operations, the deficit believed to be covered by illegal suppliers totaled 27 million m3 in 2002 and 2003.
The decline in supply from illegal sources indicated decline in illegal logging as a result of the anti illegal logging drives by the government.
* The country's production forests have been reduced in size in the past several years forcing the government to downsize Downsize
Reducing the size of a company by eliminating workers and/or divisions within the company.
When a company downsizes, it is attempting to find ways to improve efficiency and increase profitability.
It is sometimes referred to as trimming the fat. the concessions of HPH companies.
* The number of HPH companies have been reduced from 594 to 189 remaining active in operation until now controlling 17.76 million hectares of forests. Among the HPH units, 68 controlling 7.02 million hectares of forests are integrated with timber processing industries.
* Almost all logging companies have had their concessions reduced especially with the tighter regulation on extension of HPH license in the past five years. The Barito Pacific group, which has been the largest logging company, has its HPH areas cut from 3 million hectares to 1.6 million hectares.
* Not all of the remaining HPH companies could operate well. Many of them are burdened with large debt in DR that some of them have received or are facing sanctions Sanctions is the plural of sanction. Depending on context, a sanction can be either a punishment or a permission. The word is a contronym.
Sanctions involving countries:
* From 115 plywood factories in 2001 only 55 remaining in operation at present and most of them are operating much below heir installed capacity
* The Kalimanis Group, which is owned by Bob Hasan, was formerly a large plywood producer, but all of its plywood subsidiaries have stopped operation.
* Many plywood companies have laid off workers because of difficulty in securing raw material and failure in facing competition against Chinese Chinese, subfamily of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages (see Sino-Tibetan languages), which is also sometimes grouped with the Tai, or Thai, languages in a Sinitic subfamily of the Sino-Tibetan language stock. and Malaysian suppliers.
* With dwindling production forests, the country will rely much on plantation forests (HTI) as the main source of raw material for timber processing industry. In the past three years, the government has sought to boost development of HTI by issuing new licenses. However so far only 1.2 million hectares of 8 million hectares of forests lands reserved for HTI projects have been planted with tree seedlings. Every year, planting is completed over 100,000 - 120,000 hectares of HTI land. Financial difficulty remains the main factor slowing progress in the development of HTI projects. Among those succeeding in developing HTI include Sumalindo and Barito Pacific. In the future only timber processing companies having HTI are expected to survive in the country.
Table - 1 Development of HPH companies 2001 No Province Unit Width (ha) 1 Aceh (NAD) 12 900,544 2 North Sumatra 9 608,281 3 Jambi 13 792,594 4 Riau 25 1,628,594 5 West Sumatra 6 333,256 6 South Sumatra 6 819,650 7 Bengkulu 2 90,375 8 West Kalimantan 26 1,993,139 9 South Kalimantan 5 602,670 10 Central Kalimantan 63 5,203,256 11 East Kalimantan 74 8,168,217 12 Maluku*) 28 2,257,942 13 Papua 50 10,751,613 14 South Sulawesi 6 338,602 15 Central Sulawesi 14 1,011,445 16 Southeast Sulawesi 2 416,000 17 North Sulawesi 9 470,384 18 Gorontalo 19 West Nusa Tenggara 1 31,550 TOTAL 351 36,418,112 2003 No Province Unit Width (ha) 1 Aceh (NAD) 8 524,644 2 North Sumatra 4 196,200 3 Jambi 8 545,559 4 Riau 15 889,992 5 West Sumatra 5 299,556 6 South Sumatra 2 190,000 7 Bengkulu 8 West Kalimantan 18 1,125,400 9 South Kalimantan 4 302,931 10 Central Kalimantan 44 3,444,215 11 East Kalimantan 61 5,891,306 12 Maluku*) 23 1,816,710 13 Papua 49 10,646,613 14 South Sulawesi 5 287,802 15 Central Sulawesi 11 844,835 16 Southeast Sulawesi 2 416,000 17 North Sulawesi 3 148,650 18 Gorontalo 4 195,500 19 West Nusa Tenggara 1 31,550 TOTAL 267 27,797,463 2005 No Province Unit Width (ha) 1 Aceh (NAD) 7 435,784 2 North Sumatra 4 196,200 3 Jambi 8 762,810 4 Riau 14 849,805 5 West Sumatra 5 420,580 6 South Sumatra 2 213,000 7 Bengkulu 8 West Kalimantan 18 1,911,800 9 South Kalimantan 4 265,190 10 Central Kalimantan 43 3,017,950 11 East Kalimantan 57 5,210,503 12 Maluku*) 22 1,654,980 13 Papua 48 8,062,255 14 South Sulawesi 5 287,802 15 Central Sulawesi 10 771,579 16 Southeast Sulawesi 2 392,000 17 North Sulawesi 7 298,600 18 Gorontalo 19 West Nusa Tenggara 1 31,550 TOTAL 257 24,782,388 Source: Data Consult, Forestry ministry Table - 2 Number of active integrated and non integrated units of HPH by provinces HPH non-integrated No. Provinces Unit Width (ha) 1 Aceh 3 252,500 2 North Sumatra 3 137,610 3 Jambi 6 535,810 4 Riau 12 762,785 5 West Sumatra 3 211,980 6 South Sumatra 1 79,000 7 West Kalimantan 13 1,271,500 8 South Kalimantan 1 80,000 9 Central Kalimantan 36 2,357,323 10 East Kalimantan 43 4,001,278 11 Maluku 16 983,585 12 Papua 33 5,643,040 13 South Sulawesi 1 35,162 14 Central Sulawesi 10 771,579 15 Southeast Sulawesi 2 392,000 16 North Sulawesi 6 248,100 17 West Nusa Tenggara Total 189 17,763,252 HPH integrated No. Provinces Unit Width (ha) 1 Aceh 4 183,284 2 North Sumatra 1 58,590 3 Jambi 2 227,000 4 Riau 2 87,020 5 West Sumatra 2 208,600 6 South Sumatra 1 134,000 7 West Kalimantan 5 640,300 8 South Kalimantan 3 185,190 9 Central Kalimantan 7 660,627 10 East Kalimantan 14 1,209,225 11 Maluku 6 671,395 12 Papua 15 2,419,215 13 South Sulawesi 4 252,640 14 Central Sulawesi 15 Southeast Sulawesi 16 North Sulawesi 1 50,500 17 West Nusa Tenggara 1 31,550 Total 68 7,019,136 Total active units of HPH No. Provinces Unit Width (ha) 1 Aceh 7 435,784 2 North Sumatra 4 196,200 3 Jambi 8 762,810 4 Riau 14 849,805 5 West Sumatra 5 420,580 6 South Sumatra 2 213,000 7 West Kalimantan 18 1,911,800 8 South Kalimantan 4 265,190 9 Central Kalimantan 43 3,017,950 10 East Kalimantan 57 5,210,503 11 Maluku 22 1,654,980 12 Papua 48 8,062,255 13 South Sulawesi 5 287,802 14 Central Sulawesi 10 771,579 15 Southeast Sulawesi 2 392,000 16 North Sulawesi 7 298,600 17 West Nusa Tenggara 1 31,550 Total 257 24,782,388 Source: Forestry Ministry, Data Consult Table - 3 List of holders of integrated and non-integrated HPH. 2005 50 largest holders of non-integrated units of HPH- 2005 No. Name of company Province 1 Anuraga West Kalimantan 2 Membramo Alaa Mandiri, PT Papua 3 I T C I, P T East Kalimantan 4 Hanurata Coy Ltd (Sorong) Papua 5 Essam Timber East Kalimantan 6 Intisixta, PT Southeast Sulawesi 7 Rimba Megahlestari Papua 8 Teluk Bintuni Mina Agro Karya Papua 9 ITCI Kayan Hutani (IKANI), PT East Kalimantan 10 Daya Sakti Krida Unggul Central Kalimantan 11 Wana Galang Utama Papua 12 Jati Dharma Indah, PT Papua 13 Diadyani Timber Papua 14 Wanatirta Ediwibowo, PT Papua 15 Belayan River Timber East Kalimantan 16 Dalek Hutani Esa (Eks PT. Dalek Esa Jambi Raya), PT 17 Mugitriman Internasional, PT East Kalimantan 18 Prasarana Marga, PT Papua 19 Tunas Sawaerma Papua 20 Bangun Kayu Irian Papua 21 Hanurata Coy LTD (jayapura) Papua 22 Kamundan Raya, PT Papua 23 Yotefa Sarana Mandiri, PT Papua 24 Digul Daya Sakti Papua 25 Irma Sulindo, PT Papua 26 Kayu Perkasa Bumi Makmur Papua 27 Damai Setia Tama Timber Papua 28 E.KAL. Hutama (WAPOGA II), PT Papua 29 Mangole Unit VI/PT. Phonik Harapan Tbr, PT Papua 30 Wukira Sari Bhakti Papua 31 Gema Hutani Lestari (d/h PT. Gema Maluku Sanubari), PT 32 Nusantara Plywood IV Central Kalimantan 33 Multi Wahana Wijaya Papua 34 Bina Daya Tetra Central Kalimantan 35 Siberida Wana Sejahtera Riau 36 Telagamas Kalimantan, PT East Kalimantan 37 Porodisa Trading & Industrial Company Ltd East Kalimantan 38 Balantak Rimba Rejeki, PT Central Sulawesi 39 Krueng Sakti, PT Aceh 40 Akhates Plywood Central Kalimantan 41 A.O.I. UNIT IV, PT PAPUA 42 Giri Ekawana, PT East Kalimantan 43 Maruwai Timber (Barito Pacific Timber IV) Central Kalimantan 44 Sumalindo Lestari Jaya V (Eks PT. Madyakara East Kalimantan Pacific), PT 45 Sumalindo Lestari Jaya V, PT East Kalimantan 46 Darmali Mahkota Tbr PAPUA 47 Wahana Sari Sakti,PT Central Sulawesi 48 Tunggal Pemenang Central Kalimantan 49 Roda Mas Timber Kalimantan Coy East Kalimantan 50 Karda Trades,PT Central Kalimantan Sub Total (50 companies) Others (139 companies) Total (189 companies) Width of HPH No. Name of coman (ha) 1 Anuraga 691,700 2 Membramo Alaa Mandiri, PT 691,700 3 I T C I, P T 470,200 4 Hanurata Coy Ltd (Sorong) 417,570 5 Essam Timber 355,000 6 Intisixta, PT 296,000 7 Rimba Megahlestari 250,000 8 Teluk Bintuni Mina Agro Karya 239,000 9 ITCI Kayan Hutani (IKANI), PT 218,375 10 Daya Sakti Krida Unggul 212,000 11 Wana Galang Utama 212,000 12 Jati Dharma Indah, PT 207,410 13 Diadyani Timber 206,000 14 Wanatirta Ediwibowo, PT 206,000 15 Belayan River Timber 204,000 16 Dalek Hutani Esa (Eks PT. Dalek Esa 200,000 Raya), PT 17 Mugitriman Internasional, PT 200,000 18 Prasarana Marga, PT 200,000 19 Tunas Sawaerma 200,000 20 Bangun Kayu Irian 191,000 21 Hanurata Coy LTD (jayapura) 188,500 22 Kamundan Raya, PT 187,800 23 Yotefa Sarana Mandiri, PT 182,000 24 Digul Daya Sakti 178,800 25 Irma Sulindo, PT 174,540 26 Kayu Perkasa Bumi Makmur 171,100 27 Damai Setia Tama Timber 160,000 28 E.KAL. Hutama (WAPOGA II), PT 155,000 29 Mangole Unit VI/PT. Phonik Harapan Tbr, PT 150,000 30 Wukira Sari Bhakti 150,000 31 Gema Hutani Lestari (d/h PT. Gema 148,450 Sanubari), PT 32 Nusantara Plywood IV 140,000 33 Multi Wahana Wijaya 139,000 34 Bina Daya Tetra 134,000 35 Siberida Wana Sejahtera 132,500 36 Telagamas Kalimantan, PT 124,675 37 Porodisa Trading & Industrial Company Ltd 122,524 38 Balantak Rimba Rejeki, PT 122,524 39 Krueng Sakti, PT 115,000 40 Akhates Plywood 112,000 41 A.O.I. UNIT IV, PT 110,700 42 Giri Ekawana, PT 110,000 43 Maruwai Timber (Barito Pacific Timber IV) 105,000 44 Sumalindo Lestari Jaya V (Eks PT. Madyakara 100,000 Pacific), PT 45 Sumalindo Lestari Jaya V, PT 100,000 46 Darmali Mahkota Tbr 100,000 47 Wahana Sari Sakti,PT 100,000 48 Tunggal Pemenang 99,800 49 Roda Mas Timber Kalimantan Coy 99,520 50 Karda Trades,PT 98,400 Sub Total (50 companies) 9,879,788 Others (139 companies) 7,883,464 Total (189 companies) 17,763,252 Holders of integrated units of HPH 2005 No. Name of company Province 1 Wapoga Mutiara Industries (Wapoga III), PT PAPUA 2 Intimpura Timber PAPUA 3 Prabu Alaska PAPUA 4 Duta Rendra Mulia Sejahtera East Kalimantan 5 Rimba Kayu Arthamas PAPUA 6 Benua Indah West Kalimantan 7 Risana Indah Forest Industries PAPUA 8 Prima Maluku Timber MALUKU 9 Erna Djuliawati Central Kalimantan 10 Wapoga Mutiara Timber I PAPUA 11 Suka Jaya Makmur West Kalimantan 12 Tunggal Agatis Indah Wood Industries MALUKU 13 Agoda Rimba Irian PAPUA 14 Andalas Merapi Timber West Sumatra 15 Asia Log JAMBI 16 SBA Wood Industries South Sumatra 17 Kartika Kapuas Sari West Kalimantan 18 Indowana Arga Timber East Kalimantan 19 Limbang Ganeca East Kalimantan 20 Hasrat Wiramandiri PAPUA 21 Rante Mario South Sulawesi 22 Susukan Agung East Kalimantan 23 Mangole Timber Producers/Mangole Timber II MALUKU 24 Budhi Nyata PAPUA 25 Hutan Domas Raya Central Kalimantan 26 Kodeco Timber South Kalimantan 27 Inhutani II East Kalimantan 28 Tri Tunggal Eboni Corporation Central Kalimantan 29 Gunung Meranti Central Kalimantan 30 Budhi Nyata MALUKU 31 Rimba Karya Indah JAMBI 32 Batasan PAPUA 33 Segara Timber Co Ltd East Kalimantan 34 Arfak Indra PAPUA 35 Gunung Gajah Abadi East Kalimantan 36 Jati Subur Raya MALUKU 37 Aceh Inti Timber Company Ltd, PT ACEH 38 Bintuni Utama Murni Wood Industries PAPUA 39 Kurnia Kapuas Plywood Industrial Co. Ltd West Kalimantan 40 Kayu Tribuana Rama Cental Kalimantan 41 Kedungmadu Tropical Wood East Kalimantan 42 Sari Bumi Kusuma West Kalimantan 43 Wana Rimba Kencana East Kalimantan 44 Dharma Mukti Persada PAPUA 45 Austral Byna Cental Kalimantan 46 Duta Maju Timber West Sumatra 47 Keang Nam Dev. Co. Ltd Nort Sumatra 48 Jaya Timber Trading & Industrial Co. Ltd East Kalimantan 49 Alas Aceh Perkasa ACEH 50 Inimex Intra North Sulawesi 51 Aya Yayang Indonesia South Kalimantan 52 Dharma Satya Nusantara East Kalimantan 53 Inhutani I South Sulawesi 54 Nanjak Makmur RIAU 55 Hasil Bumi Indonesia MALUKU 56 Bade Makmur Orissa PAPUA 57 Meranti Mustika Cental Kalimantan 58 Meranti Sakti Indonesia Plywood (Meranti East Kalimantan Sakti Indonesia II) 59 Panca Usaha Palopo Plywood South Sulawesi 60 Artika Optima Inti Unit II PAPUA 61 Lamuri Timber ACEH 62 Suwaran Jaya Kusuma East Kalimantan 63 Sampaga Utama Sakti South Sulawesi 64 Balikpapan Forest Industries Ltd East Kalimantan 65 Siak Raya Timber RIAU 66 Sumpol Timber South Kalimantan 67 Veneer Product Indonesia West NusaTenggara 68 Wiralanao Ltd ACEH Width No. Name of company of HPH 1 Wapoga Mutiara Industries (Wapoga III), PT 407,350 2 Intimpura Timber 333,000 3 Prabu Alaska 319,600 4 Duta Rendra Mulia Sejahtera 215,000 5 Rimba Kayu Arthamas 204,000 6 Benua Indah 197,000 7 Risana Indah Forest Industries 197,000 8 Prima Maluku Timber 191,000 9 Erna Djuliawati 184,206 10 Wapoga Mutiara Timber I 178,800 11 Suka Jaya Makmur 171,300 12 Tunggal Agatis Indah Wood Industries 160,000 13 Agoda Rimba Irian 155,000 14 Andalas Merapi Timber 150,000 15 Asia Log 140,000 16 SBA Wood Industries 134,000 17 Kartika Kapuas Sari 131,000 18 Indowana Arga Timber 127,000 19 Limbang Ganeca 123,200 20 Hasrat Wiramandiri 119,700 21 Rante Mario 114,000 22 Susukan Agung 107,200 23 Mangole Timber Producers/Mangole Timber II 101,800 24 Budhi Nyata 100,000 25 Hutan Domas Raya 99,870 26 Kodeco Timber 99,570 27 Inhutani II 99,100 28 Tri Tunggal Eboni Corporation 98,000 29 Gunung Meranti 95,265 30 Budhi Nyata 89,595 31 Rimba Karya Indah 87,000 32 Batasan 87,000 33 Segara Timber Co Ltd 85,725 34 Arfak Indra 83,330 35 Gunung Gajah Abadi 81,000 36 Jati Subur Raya 81,000 37 Aceh Inti Timber Company Ltd, PT 80,804 38 Bintuni Utama Murni Wood Industries 76,925 39 Kurnia Kapuas Plywood Industrial Co. Ltd 75,000 40 Kayu Tribuana Rama 73,017 41 Kedungmadu Tropical Wood 71,000 42 Sari Bumi Kusuma 66,000 43 Wana Rimba Kencana 65,000 44 Dharma Mukti Persada 65,000 45 Austral Byna 63,440 46 Duta Maju Timber 58,600 47 Keang Nam Dev. Co. Ltd 58,590 48 Jaya Timber Trading & Industrial Co. Ltd 53,200 49 Alas Aceh Perkasa 52,040 50 Inimex Intra 50,500 51 Aya Yayang Indonesia 49,500 52 Dharma Satya Nusantara 49,000 53 Inhutani I 48,640 54 Nanjak Makmur 48,370 55 Hasil Bumi Indonesia 48,000 56 Bade Makmur Orissa 47,915 57 Meranti Mustika 46,829 58 Meranti Sakti Indonesia Plywood (Meranti 46,200 Sakti Indonesia II) 59 Panca Usaha Palopo Plywood 46,000 60 Artika Optima Inti Unit II 44,595 61 Lamuri Timber 44,400 62 Suwaran Jaya Kusuma 44,000 63 Sampaga Utama Sakti 44,000 64 Balikpapan Forest Industries Ltd 42,600 65 Siak Raya Timber 38,650 66 Sumpol Timber 36,120 67 Veneer Product Indonesia 31,550 68 Wiralanao Ltd 6,040 Source: Forestry Ministry, Data Consult Table - 4 Slashing of HPH number and width HPH areas of large company groups slashed until 2005 License 2001 Number Total No Name of Group of HPH (000 ha) 1 Barito Pacific 29 3,017 2 Kayu Lapis Indonesia 18 2,733 3 Korindo 4 1,181 4 Budhi Nusa 7 1,138 5 Prabu 4 1,086 6 Wapoga 3 1,031 7 Kalimanis 9 1,866 8 Alas Kusuma 13 1,543 9 Hanurata 3 758 10 Bumi Raya Utama 2 234 11 Sumalindo 8 870 12 Kalamur 3 504 13 Djajanti 9 1,112 14 Daya Sakti 6 876 15 Mujur Timber 7 441 16 Bina Samakhta 4 379 17 Benua Indah 5 563 18 Tanjung Johor 2 292 19 Hutan Raya 5 528 20 Raja Garuda Mas 4 389 Total 145 20,538 Reduction Number Total No Name of Group of HPH (000 ha) 1 Barito Pacific 11 1,405 2 Kayu Lapis Indonesia 10 1,295 3 Korindo 0 - 4 Budhi Nusa 0 - 5 Prabu 0 - 6 Wapoga 0 - 7 Kalimanis 4 957 8 Alas Kusuma 1 782 9 Hanurata 0 - 10 Bumi Raya Utama 1 168 11 Sumalindo 2 175 12 Kalamur 0 104 13 Djajanti 6 731 14 Daya Sakti 3 568 15 Mujur Timber 2 142 16 Bina Samakhta 2 135 17 Benua Indah 2 323 18 Tanjung Johor 1 60 19 Hutan Raya 2 328 20 Raja Garuda Mas 2 200 Total 49 7,371 HPH area remaining by 2005 Number Total No Name of Group of HPH (000 ha) 1 Barito Pacific 18 1,612 2 Kayu Lapis Indonesia 8 1,438 3 Korindo 4 1,181 4 Budhi Nusa 7 1,138 5 Prabu 4 1,086 6 Wapoga 3 1,031 7 Kalimanis 5 909 8 Alas Kusuma 12 761 9 Hanurata 3 758 10 Bumi Raya Utama 1 750 11 Sumalindo 6 696 12 Kalamur 3 400 13 Djajanti 3 381 14 Daya Sakti 3 318 15 Mujur Timber 5 299 16 Bina Samakhta 2 244 17 Benua Indah 3 240 18 Tanjung Johor 3 232 19 Hutan Raya 3 200 20 Raja Garuda Mas 3 189 Total 99 13,861 Table - 5 Logging subsidiaries of the Djajanti Group in Papua Name of HPH Holder Area (ha) Artika Optima Inti Unit II 170,000 ha Artika Optima Inti Nusantara III 106,000 ha Artika Optima Inti Nusantara Unit I *) 435,000 ha Sagindo Sari Lestari 960,000 ha Artika Optima Inti Nusantara Unit VI 150,000 ha (previously PT Perdana Waropen) Budi Nyata 300,000 ha Kamundan Raya 187,300 ha Teluk Bintuni Mina Agro Karya 239,000 ha Agoda Rimba Irian 155,000 ha Notes: *) Cancelled in October 2004 Source: Forestry Ministry, Data Consult Table - 6 Number of Plantation forest HTI companies in operation by provinces, 2005 Number of No. Provinces companies Area (ha) 1 Aceh 3 20,500 2 Jambi 15 742,980 3 West Kalimantan 20 1,155,949 4 South Kalimantan 18 320,775 5 Central Kalimantan 24 587,855 6 East Kalimantan 36 1,057,873 7 Lam un 6 131,467 8 Maluku 7 78,306 9 West Nusa Ten ara 1 48,000 10 East Nusa Ten ara 1 6,880 11 Papua 10 1,560,000 12 Riau 31 800,459 13 South Sulawesi 5 76,883 14 Central Sulawesi 4 69,260 15 Southeast Sulawesi 4 94,945 16 West Sumatra 4 66,420 17 South Sumatra 9 481,806 18 North Sumatra 11 738,331 Total 209 8,038,689 Source: Forestry Ministry, Data Consult Table - 7 Plantation forest (HTI) development, 1989-2005 HTI - Pulp Woodwork Year PP (ha) (CWP) (ha) LSS (ha) 1989 29,160 102,495 0 1990 65,661 104,213 0 1991 104,222 109,769 0 1992 83,962 150,891 0 1993 113,066 188,646 71,895 1994 117,940 100,873 77,973 1995 162,200 103,000 61,248 1996 172,320 123,897 94,324 1997 100,883 77,184 88,542 1998 82,604 52,366 45,536 1999 85,744 51,749 *) 2000 58,152 21,597 *) 2001 56,299 10,673 0 2002 87,614 13,873 0 2003 100,497 18,755 0 2004 112,714 19,200 0 2005 142,598 20,527 0 Total 1,675,636 1,269,708 439,518 Self Year Other management Total HTI 1989 0 0 131,655 1990 0 0 169,874 1991 0 0 213,991 1992 0 0 234,853 1993 0 0 373,607 1994 0 0 296,786 1995 0 0 326,448 1996 0 0 390,541 1997 0 2,500 269,109 1998 0 2,072 182,578 1999 0 1,169 138,662 2000 0 2,569 82,318 2001 0 500 67,472 2002 1,121 15,900 118,508 2003 1,456 3,983 124,691 2004 0 0 131,914 2005 0 0 163,125 Total 2,577 28,693 3,416,132 PP = Pulp Plantation CWP = Construction Wood Plantation LSS = Local Specific Species Source: Forestry Ministry, Data Consult Table - 8 50 HTI companies with largest concessions Width No. Name of company Province Concession 1 Permata Wanatimur Lestari PAPUA 300,000 2 Wanakerta Eka Lestari, PT PAPUA 300,000 3 Finnantara Intiga West Kalimantan 299,700 4 Eucaliptus Tanaman Lestari, PT PAPUA 298,900 5 Musi Hutan Persada South Sumatra 296,400 6 Inti Indorayon Utama Tbk/Toba North Sumatra 269,060 Pulp Lestari 7 Sumatera Sinar Plywood Ind., PT North Sumatra 250,000 8 Inhutani V (2), PT JAMBI 243,620 9 Maharani Rayon Jaya, PT PAPUA 206,800 10 Okaba Rimba Makmur, PT PAPUA 206,800 11 Wira Karya Sakti, PT JAMBI 191,130 12 Tanjung Redep Hutani East Kalimantan 180,330 13 Kertas Basuki Rahmat, PT West Kalimantan 173,938 14 ITCI Hutani Manun al East Kalimantan 161,127 15 Riau Andalan Pulp & Paper RIAU 159,500 16 Inhutani III (Nanga Pinoh), PT West Kalimantan 119,080 17 Nityasa Idola, PT West Kalimantan 113,196 18 Inhutani III (Sanggau), PT West Kalimantan 101,800 19 Korintiga Hutani, PT Cental Kalimantan 92,150 20 Satria Perkasa Aun RIAU 76,017 21 Simalungun Karet Lestari, PT North Sumatra 74,899 22 Ceria Karya Pranawa, PT Central Kalimantan 74,730 23 Mayangkara Tanaman Industry West Kalimantan 73,160 24 Sinar WEST KALIMANTAN. Raya West Kalimantan 72,315 25 Sumalindo Lestari Jaya (eks East Kalimantan 70,300 Birawa dan E.KAL.ur), PT 26 KOPSIMER East Kalimantan 70,000 27 Fajar SuryaSwasembada, PT East Kalimantan 66,659 28 Inhutani V (Eks. HPH PT. Loka JAMBI 65,925 Rahayu & PT. Sadarnita) 29 Inhutani III (Muaratewah), PT Cental Kalimantan 65,000 30 Daya Tani Kalbar. West Kalimantan 56,060 31 Inhutani-V (Way Rebang - LAMPUNG 55,157 Muara Dua), PT 32 Perawang Sukses Perkasa RIAU 50,725 Industri 33 Inhutani-I (Longnah), PT East Kalimantan 50,295 34 Inhutani II (Semaras), PT South Kalimantan 50,000 35 Source Mitra Jaya, PT Central Kalimantan 49,800 36 Inhutani V (1), PT JAMBI 49,500 37 Darnmore Bau Permai, PT PAPUA 49,500 38 Kalimantan Ham aran Sawit, PT PAPUA 49,500 39 Mitra Ja ya Aro Palm, PT PAPUA 49,500 40 Source Mitra Jaya, PT PAPUA 49,500 41 Sungai Rangit, PT PAPUA 49,500 42 Fendi Hutani Lestari West Nusa Tenggara 48,000 43 Mentarimulti Sarana Abadi, PT Central Kalimantan 47,280 44 Rimba Abadi Inti Jaya, PT Central Kalimantan 46,500 45 Mapala Rabda/KTH Tuah Sekato RIAU 46,330 46 Riau Timas, PT East Kalimantan 45,000 47 Guhara Cellulosa, PT North Sulawesi 45,000 48 Pakerin South Sumatera 43,700 49 Sumatera S Iva Lestari, PT North Sumatera 42,530 50 Dharma Hutani Lestari LAMPUNG 41,210 Source: Forestry ministry, Data Consult Table - 9 Log production Development, 1993 - 2005 Year Log (cu.m) Growth 1993 26,848,011 1994 24,027,277 -11 1995 24,850,061 3 1996 26,069,282 5 1997 29,520,322 13 1998 19,026,944 -36 1999 20,619,942 8 2000 13,798,240 -33 2001 10,051,480 -27 2002 8,659,968 -14 2003 *) 11,423,501 32 2004 *) 13,548,938 19 2005 **) 24,192,173 79 Note: *) revised figures; **) provisional figure Source: Directorate General of Forestry Production Table - 10 Log production and sources of supply in the past 5 years (000 cu. m) Source of production 2000 * 2001 2002 ** Natural forests 3,450 1,809 3,020 Conversion forests 4,565 2,324 183 People's forests 489 0 0 Perum Perhutani's HTI 1,511 1,455 1,559 Other timber estate (HTI) 3,784 5,567 4,243 Total 13,798 11,155 9,004 Source of production 2003 2004 2005 *) Natural forests 4,105 3,511 5,690 Conversion forests 956 1,632 3,614 People's forests 60 154 1,312 Perum Perhutani's HTI 977 924 758 Other timber estate (HTI) 5,326 7,329 12,818 Total 11,424 13,549 24,192 Note: *) provisional figure; HTI = Plantation Forest Source: Directorate General of Forestry Production Table - 11 Production of logs by sources, 2005 *) Provinces Natural forests (cu.m) AWP TUS Aceh 1,182 36,931 North Sumatra 66,552 0 West Sumatra 100,407 143,286 Riau 97,395 266,119 Jambi 77,864 21,232 South Sumatra 0 170,126 Bangka Belitung 0 0 Ben kulu 13,207 0 Lampung 0 0 West Java 0 0 Central Java 0 0 East Java 0 0 Bali 0 0 West Nusatenggara 0 0 East Nusatenggara 0 0 West Kalimantan 255,644 0 Central Kalimantan 2,537,402 1,523,548 South Kalimantan 54,508 25,293 East Kalimantan 1,588,639 1,173,105 North Sulawesi 7,076 44,567 Gorontalo 0 0 Southeast Sulawesi 5,457 0 South Sulawesi 0 0 West Sulawesi 60,135 5,985 Maluku 81,167 0 North Maluku 308,874 156,307 West Irian Jaya 239,129 0 Papua 195,415 47,848 Total 5,690,050 3,614,347 Provinces Plantation forests (cu.m) Perhutani HTI Aceh 0 303 North Sumatra 0 1,079,797 West Sumatra 0 0 Riau 0 6,607,860 Jambi 0 1,708,945 South Sumatra 0 2,122,952 Bangka Belitung 0 Ben kulu 0 0 Lampung 0 84,804 West Java 180,853 0 Central Java 310,059 0 East Java 267,081 0 Bali 0 0 West Nusatenggara 0 0 East Nusatenggara 0 0 West Kalimantan 0 194,387 Central Kalimantan 0 0 South Kalimantan 0 162,033 East Kalimantan 0 777,136 North Sulawesi 0 0 Gorontalo 0 0 Southeast Sulawesi 0 0 South Sulawesi 0 0 West Sulawesi 0 Maluku 0 7,473 North Maluku 0 72,509 West Irian Jaya 0 0 Papua 0 0 Total 757,993 12,818,199 People's forests Provinces (cu.m) Total Aceh 494 38,909 North Sumatra 191,525 1,337,874 West Sumatra 0 243,693 Riau 0 6,971,374 Jambi 37,894 1,845,935 South Sumatra 51,722 2,344,800 Bangka Belitung 12,523 12,523 Ben kulu 16,728 29,935 Lampung 311,532 396,336 West Java 0 180,853 Central Java 0 310,059 East Java 0 267,081 Bali 23,298 23,298 West Nusatenggara 3,947 3,947 East Nusatenggara 475 475 West Kalimantan 0 450,030 Central Kalimantan 152,801 4,213,751 South Kalimantan 328,952 570,786 East Kalimantan 0 3,538,880 North Sulawesi 4,217 55,860 Gorontalo 10,940 10,940 Southeast Sulawesi 45,222 50,679 South Sulawesi 81,431 81,431 West Sulawesi 5,320 71,440 Maluku 0 88,640 North Maluku 32,561 570,250 West Irian Jaya 0 239,129 Papua 0 243,263 Total 1,311,584 24,192,173 Note: *) revised figures **) provisional figure; AWP = Annual Work Planning Source: Directorate General of Forestry Production; TUS = Timber Utilization Concession Table - 12 11 HPH companies having their licenses revoked, 2004 -2006 HPH Holder Province 2004 PT Wana Yasa Kahuripan Indonesia Center Kalimantan PT Rimba Karya Indah Jambi PT Wanakrida Utama Maluku PT Mutiara Kalja Permai East Kalimantan PT Rimba Baru Lestari Papua 2005 PT Seberidawana Riau PT Budhi Nyata Maluku PT Bina Mahawana Wisesa Southeast Sulawesi PT Prima Bumi Sakti Daya Maluku 2006 PT Artika Optima Inti I Papua PT Bina Mahawana Wisesa Southeast Sulawesi Source: Forestry Ministry, Data Consult Table - 13 New IUPHHK and extension Companies Width (ha) Location IUPHHK for natural forests PT Nusa Niwe Indah * 73,500 North Maluku PT Dharma Satya Nusantara * 35,000 East Kalimantan PT Sulwood 21,080 South Sulawesi PT Graha Sentosa Permai 44,970 East Kalimantan PT Wana Inti Kahuripan Intiga * 92,475 Central Kalimantan PT Intrado Jaya Intiga * 51,040 Central Kalimantan IUPHHK plantation forests PT Aceh Nusa Indra uri 111,000 NAD PT Inhutani III Pelaihari 27,500 Kalimantan South Note: *) Extension Source: Forestry ministry Table - 14 Width HPH and HTI operates by PT Inhutani I-V State Companies Joint Venture Managed Alone (ha) (ha) HPH PT Inhutani I 387,669 822,017 PT Inhutani II 1,672,593 142,167 PT Inhutani III 822,375 PT Inhutani IV 271,212 PT Inhutani V 122,490 Total 3,276,339 964,184 HTI PT Inhutani I 1,130,584 96,816 PT Inhutani II 116,946 94,800 PT Inhutani III 597,625 363,300 PT Inhutani IV 321,563 - PT Inhutani V 481,450 56,547 Total 26,481,681 611,463 Source: PT Inhutani I-V Table - 15 Forest areas under Perum Perhutani Production Protected Other forests forests forests Total Unit (ha) (ha) (ha) (ha) Unit I Central Java 573,242 73,478 877 647,597 Unit II East Java 812,950 315,505 233,053 1,361,508 Unit III West Java 453,556 283,179 333,611 1,070,346 and Banten Total 1,839,748 672,162 567,541 3,079,451 Source: Perum Perhutani Table - 16 Losses recorded by Perhutani as a result of weak security,2000 -2004 Description Unit 2000 2001 2002 Tree stealing Thousand tree 257 2,675 1,539 Rp million 569,757 613,924 248,619 Stealing of CUM 11,974 2,597 725 woodworking Rp Million 2,326 2,489 592 Other tree stealing Thousand trees Rp Million 90 2,146 16.8 Forest bibrikan hectare 9,900 12,122 9,328 Rp Million 4,635 2,896 4,034 Arbitrary felling Ha 60.7 1,204.0 390.7 of tree Rp Million 7,289.8 8,616 1,404 Forest fires Ha 45.2 154,224 471,191 Rp Million 1,201.0 3,970 8,338 Description Unit 2003 2004 Tree stealing Thousand tree 502 325 Rp million 109k741 71,918 Stealing of CUM 1k700 woodworking Rp Million 812 Other tree stealing Thousand trees Rp Million 4.50 10.60 Forest bibrikan hectare 2k117 1,023 Rp Million 784 334 Arbitrary felling Ha 1,138.5 295 of tree Rp Million 9,303 49 Forest fires Ha 13,732 7,531 Rp Million 3,050 1,420 Source: Long term plan of Perum Perhutani Table - 17 Production of teakwood and forest trees of Perum Perhutani Description Units 2001 2002 2003 2004 Teakwood Width Ha 82,690 88,671 54,091 26,046 Production CU.M 654,802 668,404 427,847 384,373 Forest trees Width Ha 44,245 43,757 21,985 6,130 Production CU.M 800,601 816,487 549,649 219,940 Source: Long term plan of Perhutani Table - 18 Plywood companies still active in 2005 No. Name of Company Status Location 1 PT Andatu Lestari Plywood PMDN Lampung 2 PT Antang Permai Plywood PMDN Central Kalimantan Industry 3 PT Asia Forestama Raya PMDN Riau 4 PT Austral Byna PMDN South Kalimantan 5 PT Bade Makmur Orissa PMDN Irian Jaya 6 PT Balikpapan Forest Industry PMA East Kalimantan 7 PT Barito Pacific Timber PMDN West Kalimantan 8 PT Barito Pacific Timber PMDN South Kalimantan 9 PT Basirih Industrial PMDN South Kalimantan 10 PT Central Carda PMA Central Kalimantan 11 PT Dharma Wood Agung Ind. PMDN East Kalimantan 12 PT Duta Rendra Mulia PMDN West Kalimantan 13 PT Erna Juliawati PMDN West Kalimantan 14 PT Harjon Timber Ltd. PMDN West Kalimantan 15 PT Hendratna Plywood PMDN South Kalimantan 16 PT Henrison Iriana PMDN Irian Jaya 17 PT Idec Abadi Industries Plywood PMA East Kalimantan Indust. 18 PT International Timber Corp. PMDN East Kalimantan Indonesia 19 PT Intra Wood MFG PMDN East Kalimantan 20 PT Katingan Timber Co. PMDN South Kalimantan 21 PT Kayan River Indah Plywood PMDN East Kalimantan 22 PT Kayu Lapis Ash Murni PMDN East Kalimantan 23 PT Kayu Lapis Indonesia PMDN Central Java 24 PT Ketapang Indah Plywood PMDN West Kalimantan Industri 25 PT Korindo Abadi PMA Riau 26 PT Korindo Aria Bima Sari PMA Central Kalimantan 27 PT Kurnia Kapuas Plywood PMDN West Kalimantan Industries 28 PT Kutai Timber Indonesia PMA East Java 29 PT Mangole Timber Prodecers PMDN Maluku 30 PT Melapi Timber Industri PMDN East Kalimantan 31 PT Meranti Mustika PMDN Central Kalimantan 32 PT Mulya Karya Jayaco PMDN North Sumatra 33 PT Panca Eka Bina Plywood PMDN Riau Industry 34 PT Panca Usaha Palopo Utama PMDN South Kalimantan Damai 35 PT Putra Source Utama Timber PMDN Jambi 36 PT Raja Garuda Mas PMDN North Sumatra 37 PT Rimba Kayu Arthamas PMDN Irian Jaya 38 PT Rimba Ramin PMDN West Kalimantan 39 PT Sari Bumi Kusuma PMDN West Kalimantan 40 PT Satya Raya Indah Wood PMDN West Java 41 PT Segara Timber, Co. PMDN East Kalimantan 42 PT Sola Gratia Plywood Industry PMDN Riau Co. Ltd. 43 PT Suka Jaya Makmur PMDN West Kalimantan 44 PT Sukses Sumatera Timber PMDN South Sumatera 45 PT Sumalindo Lestari Jaya PMDN East Kalimantan 46 PT Sumatera Timber Utama PMDN Jambi 47 PT Source Mas Indah Plywood PMDN East Java 48 PT Surya Dumai Industri PMDN Riau 49 PT Surya Satria Timur, Co PMDN South Kalimantan 50 PT Tanjung Raya Plywood PMDN South Kalimantan 51 PT Tanjung Selatan Makmur Jaya PMA South Kalimantan 52 PT Tirta Mahakam Plywood Timber PMA East Kalimantan Indust. 53 PT Tjipta Rimba Jaya PMDN North Sumatra 54 PT Tunggal Agatis Indah Wood PMDN Maluku Industries 55 PT Warna Rimba Kencana PMDN East Kalimantan Total Production Capacity cu.m/year Production No. Name of Company Status Capacity 1 PT Andatu Lestari Plywood PMDN 83,000 2 PT Antang Permai Plywood PMDN 39,450 Industry 3 PT Asia Forestama Raya PMDN 40,000 4 PT Austral Byna PMDN 104,950 5 PT Bade Makmur Orissa PMDN 100,000 6 PT Balikpapan Forest Industry PMA 76,000 7 PT Barito Pacific Timber PMDN 107,100 8 PT Barito Pacific Timber PMDN 165,000 9 PT Basirih Industrial PMDN 35,700 10 PT Central Carda PMA 60,000 11 PT Dharma Wood Agung Ind. PMDN 35,000 12 PT Duta Rendra Mulia PMDN 208,628 13 PT Erna Juliawati PMDN 100,000 14 PT Harjon Timber Ltd. PMDN 54,200 15 PT Hendratna Plywood PMDN 24,000 16 PT Henrison Iriana PMDN 198,000 17 PT Idec Abadi Industries Plywood PMA 47,000 Indust. 18 PT International Timber Corp. PMDN 157,150 Indonesia 19 PT Intra Wood MFG PMDN 134,663 20 PT Katingan Timber Co. PMDN 62,662 21 PT Kayan River Indah Plywood PMDN 50,000 22 PT Kayu Lapis Ash Murni PMDN 118,393 23 PT Kayu Lapis Indonesia PMDN 432,000 24 PT Ketapang Indah Plywood PMDN 90,000 Industri 25 PT Korindo Abadi PMA 119,000 26 PT Korindo Aria Bima Sari PMA 130,000 27 PT Kurnia Kapuas Plywood PMDN 66,800 Industries 28 PT Kutai Timber Indonesia PMA 100,000 29 PT Mangole Timber Prodecers PMDN 216,000 30 PT Melapi Timber Industri PMDN 59,700 31 PT Meranti Mustika PMDN 143,000 32 PT Mulya Karya Jayaco PMDN 5,200 33 PT Panca Eka Bina Plywood PMDN 120,000 Industry 34 PT Panca Usaha Palopo Utama PMDN 22,810 Damai 35 PT Putra Source Utama Timber PMDN 60,000 36 PT Raja Garuda Mas PMDN 83,000 37 PT Rimba Kayu Arthamas PMDN 100,000 38 PT Rimba Ramin PMDN 57,000 39 PT Sari Bumi Kusuma PMDN 40,000 40 PT Satya Raya Indah Wood PMDN 71,428 41 PT Segara Timber, Co. PMDN 57,500 42 PT Sola Gratia Plywood Industry PMDN 70,000 Co. Ltd. 43 PT Suka Jaya Makmur PMDN 81,300 44 PT Sukses Sumatera Timber PMDN 90,000 45 PT Sumalindo Lestari Jaya PMDN 160,200 46 PT Sumatera Timber Utama PMDN 104,000 47 PT Source Mas Indah Plywood PMDN 100,000 48 PT Surya Dumai Industri PMDN 140,000 49 PT Surya Satria Timur, Co PMDN 64,000 50 PT Tanjung Raya Plywood PMDN 148,660 51 PT Tanjung Selatan Makmur Jaya PMA 105,000 52 PT Tirta Mahakam Plywood Timber PMA 102,840 Indust. 53 PT Tjipta Rimba Jaya PMDN 150,000 54 PT Tunggal Agatis Indah Wood PMDN 154,800 Industries 55 PT Warna Rimba Kencana PMDN 80,000 Total Production Capacity cu.m/year 5,525,134 No. Name of Company Status Group 1 PT Andatu Lestari Plywood PMDN 2 PT Antang Permai Plywood PMDN Industry 3 PT Asia Forestama Raya PMDN Asia Forestama Group 4 PT Austral Byna PMDN 5 PT Bade Makmur Orissa PMDN 6 PT Balikpapan Forest Industry PMA 7 PT Barito Pacific Timber PMDN BARITO PACIFIC 8 PT Barito Pacific Timber PMDN BARITO PACIFIC 9 PT Basirih Industrial PMDN 10 PT Central Carda PMA KORINDO GROUP 11 PT Dharma Wood Agung Ind. PMDN 12 PT Duta Rendra Mulia PMDN 13 PT Erna Juliawati PMDN 14 PT Harjon Timber Ltd. PMDN ALAS KUSUMA GROUP 15 PT Hendratna Plywood PMDN HENDRAT NA GROUP 16 PT Henrison Iriana PMDN KLI GROUP 17 PT Idec Abadi Industries Plywood PMA Indust. 18 PT International Timber Corp. PMDN Indonesia 19 PT Intra Wood MFG PMDN 20 PT Katingan Timber Co. PMDN 21 PT Kayan River Indah Plywood PMDN SUMBER MAS GROUP 22 PT Kayu Lapis Ash Murni PMDN 23 PT Kayu Lapis Indonesia PMDN KLI GROUP 24 PT Ketapang Indah Plywood PMDN BUMI RAYA GROUP Industri 25 PT Korindo Abadi PMA KORINDO GROUP 26 PT Korindo Aria Bima Sari PMA KORINDO GROUP 27 PT Kurnia Kapuas Plywood PMDN BUMI RAYA GROUP Industries 28 PT Kutai Timber Indonesia PMA 29 PT Mangole Timber Prodecers PMDN BARITO PACIFIC 30 PT Melapi Timber Industri PMDN 31 PT Meranti Mustika PMDN 32 PT Mulya Karya Jayaco PMDN 33 PT Panca Eka Bina Plywood PMDN Industry 34 PT Panca Usaha Palopo Utama PMDN PALOPO GROUP Damai 35 PT Putra Source Utama Timber PMDN PALOPO GROUP 36 PT Raja Garuda Mas PMDN 37 PT Rimba Kayu Arthamas PMDN 38 PT Rimba Ramin PMDN 39 PT Sari Bumi Kusuma PMDN ALAS KUSUMA GROUP 40 PT Satya Raya Indah Wood PMDN SRI Group 41 PT Segara Timber, Co. PMDN 42 PT Sola Gratia Plywood Industry PMDN ASIA FORESTA MA GROUP Co. Ltd. 43 PT Suka Jaya Makmur PMDN ALAS KUSUMA GROUP 44 PT Sukses Sumatera Timber PMDN SRI Group 45 PT Sumalindo Lestari Jaya PMDN 46 PT Sumatera Timber Utama PMDN 47 PT Source Mas Indah Plywood PMDN 48 PT Surya Dumai Industri PMDN SURYA DAMAI GROUP 49 PT Surya Satria Timur, Co PMDN 50 PT Tanjung Raya Plywood PMDN TANJUNG RAYA GROUP 51 PT Tanjung Selatan Makmur Jaya PMA TANJUNG RAYA GROUP 52 PT Tirta Mahakam Plywood Timber PMA Indust. 53 PT Tjipta Rimba Jaya PMDN 54 PT Tunggal Agatis Indah Wood PMDN BARITO PACIFIC Industries 55 PT Warna Rimba Kencana PMDN Total Production Capacity cu.m/year Source: MOF, Data Consult Table - 19 Plywood factories integrated with active HPH No Name of Company Location 1 PT Antang Permai Plywood Industry Central Kalimantan 2 PT Austral Byna South Kalimantan 3 PT Bade Makmur Orissa Irian Jaya 4 PT Balikpapan Forest Industry East Kalimantan 5 PT Barito Pacific Timber West Kalimantan 6 PT Dharma Wood Agung Ind. East Kalimantan 7 PT Erna Juliawati West Kalimantan 8 PT International Timber Corp. Indonesia East Kalimantan 9 PT Intra Wood MFG East Kalimantan 10 PT Kurnia Kapuas Plywood Industries West Kalimantan 11 PT Mangole Timber Prodecers Maluku 12 PT Meranti Mustika Central Kalimantan 13 PT Mulya Karya Jayaco North Sumatra 14 PT Panca Usaha Palopo Utama Damai South Kalimantan 15 PT Putra Source Utama Timber Jambi 16 PT Raja Garuda Mas North Sumatra 17 PT Rimba Kayu Arthamas Irian Jaya 18 PT Satya Raya Indah Wood West Java 19 PT Segara Timber, Co. East Kalimantan 20 PT Suka Jaya Makmur West Kalimantan 21 PT Sukses Sumatera Timber South Sumatra 22 PT Sumalindo Lestari Jaya East Kalimantan 23 PT Sumatera Timber Utama Jambi 24 PT Surya Satria Timur, Co South Kalimantan 25 PT Tunggal Agatis Indah Wood Industries Maluku 26 PT Warna Rimba Kencana East Kalimantan No Name of Company Production Capacity 1 PT Antang Permai Plywood Industry 39,450 2 PT Austral Byna 104,950 3 PT Bade Makmur Orissa 100,000 4 PT Balikpapan Forest Industry 76,000 5 PT Barito Pacific Timber 107,100 6 PT Dharma Wood Agung Ind. 35,000 7 PT Erna Juliawati 100,000 8 PT International Timber Corp. Indonesia 157,150 9 PT Intra Wood MFG 134,663 10 PT Kurnia Kapuas Plywood Industries 66,800 11 PT Mangole Timber Prodecers 216,000 12 PT Meranti Mustika 143,000 13 PT Mulya Karya Jayaco 5,200 14 PT Panca Usaha Palopo Utama Damai 22,810 15 PT Putra Source Utama Timber 60,000 16 PT Raja Garuda Mas 83,000 17 PT Rimba Kayu Arthamas 100,000 18 PT Satya Raya Indah Wood 71,428 19 PT Segara Timber, Co. 57,500 20 PT Suka Jaya Makmur 81,300 21 PT Sukses Sumatera Timber 90,000 22 PT Sumalindo Lestari Jaya 160,200 23 PT Sumatera Timber Utama 104,000 24 PT Surya Satria Timur, Co 64,000 25 PT Tunggal Agatis Indah Wood Industries 154,800 26 PT Warna Rimba Kencana 80,000 No Name of Company Group 1 PT Antang Permai Plywood Industry 2 PT Austral Byna 3 PT Bade Makmur Orissa 4 PT Balikpapan Forest Industry 5 PT Barito Pacific Timber BARITO PACIFIC 6 PT Dharma Wood Agung Ind. 7 PT Erna Juliawati 8 PT International Timber Corp. Indonesia 9 PT Intra Wood MFG 10 PT Kurnia Kapuas Plywood Industries BUMI RAYA GROUP 11 PT Mangole Timber Prodecers BARITO PACIFIC 12 PT Meranti Mustika 13 PT Mulya Karya Jayaco 14 PT Panca Usaha Palopo Utama Damai Palopo group 15 PT Putra Source Utama Timber Palopo group 16 PT Raja Garuda Mas 17 PT Rimba Kayu Arthamas 18 PT Satya Raya Indah Wood Sri group 19 PT Segara Timber, Co. 20 PT Suka Jaya Makmur Alas kusuma group 21 PT Sukses Sumatera Timber Sri group 22 PT Sumalindo Lestari Jaya 23 PT Sumatera Timber Utama 24 PT Surya Satria Timur, Co 25 PT Tunggal Agatis Indah Wood Industries Barito pacific 26 PT Warna Rimba Kencana Source: MOF, Data Consult/ICN Table - 20 Production capacity of plywood companies Production Capacity Name of Group/Company Location (cu.m./year) ALAS KUSUMA GROUP PT Suka Jaya Makmur West Kalimantan 81,300 PT Harjon Timber Ltd. West Kalimantan 54,200 PT Sari Bumi Kusuma West Kalimantan 40,000 Sub total 175,500 ASIA FORESTAMA GROUP PT Asia Forestama Raya Riau 40,000 PT Sola Gratia Plywood Industry Co. Ltd. Riau 70,000 Sub total 110,000 BARITO PACIFIC PT Barito Pacific Timber West Kalimantan 107,100 PT Mangole Timber Prodecers Maluku 216,000 PT Tunggal Agatis Indah Wood Industries Maluku 154,800 PT Barito Pacific Timber South Kalimantan 165,000 Sub total 642,900 BUMI RAYA GROUP PT Kurnia Kapuas Plywood Industries West Kalimantan 66,800 PT Ketapang Indah Plywood Industri West Kalimantan 90,000 Subtotal 156,800 HENDRATNA GROUP PT Hendratna Plywood South Kalimantan 24,000 Subtotal 24,000 KAYU LAPIS INDONESIA GROUP PT Henrison Iriana Irian Jaya 198,000 PT Kayu Lapis Indonesia Central Java 432,000 Subtotal 630,000 KORINDO GROUP PT Central Carda Central Kalimantan 60,000 PT Korindo Abadi Riau 119,000 PT Korindo Aria Bima Sari Central Kalimantan 130,000 Subtotal 309,000 PALOPO GROUP PT Panca Usaha Palopo Utama Damai South Kalimantan 22,810 PT Putra Source Utama Timber Jambi 60,000 Subtotal 82,810 SRI Group PT Satya Raya Indah Wood West Java 71,428 PT Sukses Sumatera Timber South Sumatera 90,000 Subtotal 161,428 SUMBER MAS GROUP PT Kayan River Indah Plywood East Kalimantan 50,000 Sub total 50,000 SURYA DUMAI GROUP PT Surya Dumai Industri Riau 140,000 Subtotal 140,000 TANJUNG RAYA GROUP PT Tanjung Raya Plywood South Kalimantan 148,660 PT Tanjung Selatan Makmur Jaya South Kalimantan 105,000 Sub total 253,660 Source: MOF, Data Consult Table - 21 Production of wood panel (Plywood, Block-board, Veneer, Particle board), 2000 - 2005 (cu. M) Block Particle Year Plywood Board Veneer Board Total 2000 4,442,735 321,125 668,842 200,034 5,632,736 2001 2,101,485 388,004 94,228 296,877 2,880,594 2002 1,694,405 121,560 4,361,044 6,731 6,183,740 2003 *) 6,110,556 436,418 289,191 83,642 6,919,807 2004 *) 4,514,392 277,396 155,374 244,070 5,191,232 2005 **) 4,533,749 403.160 1,012,205 124.768 6,073,882 Note: *) revised figures **) provisional figure Source: Directorate General of Forestry Production Data Consult/ICN Table - 22 Production of plywood by provinces (c.u.m) No. Provinces 2003 2004 2005 *) 1 North Sumatra 244,857 74,171 153,345 2 West Sumatra 56,053 13,925 548 3 Riau 303,665 274,744 176,826 4 Jambi 422,219 425,264 364,748 5 South Sumatra 39,693 37,103 36,475 6 Lampung 156,180 31,080 82,717 7 Banten 62,167 58,716 0 8 Jakarta 0 273 0 9 Central Java 264,115 207,727 201,924 10 East Java 114,155 211,559 0 11 West Kalimantan 794,593 644,634 558,133 12 Central Kalimantan 331,110 232,307 231,421 13 East Kalimantan 1,600,745 933,447 1,357,314 14 South Kalimantan 933,370 858,153 927,960 15 North Sulawesi 0 0 5,406 16 South Sulawesi 215,394 135,587 167,460 17 Maluku 112,036 54,656 0 18 North Maluku 158,917 102,605 101,684 19 Papua 194,144 133,667 167,787 20 West Irian Jaya 107,144 84,774 0 21 Total 6,110,557 4,514,392 4,533,748 Note: *) provisional figure Source: Forestry Production Directorate General, Data Consult/ICN Table - 23 Sawn timber production, 2000-2005 Sawn Wood Timber Working Moulding Dowels Year (cu.m) (cu.m) (cu.m) (cu.m) 2000 2,789,543 299,412 160,336 2,640 2001 674,868 278,088 139,134 542 2002 623,495 71,681 161,833 0 2003 762,309 161,814 321,653 0 2004 432,967 387,503 238,743 0 2005 *) 1,471,614 131,297 272,668 3,680 Note: *) provisional figure Source: Forestry Production Directorate General, Data Consult/ICN Table - 24 Production of sawn timber in 5 past 5 years 2001 2002 ** 2003 2004 2005 Provinces (cu.m) (cu.m) (cu.m) (cu.m) (cu.m) Aceh (NAD) 29,015 0 0 0 21,288 North Sumatra 23,187 37,432 7,556 19,915 51,368 West Sumatra 5,098 0 16,450 19,631 743 Riau 2,420 0 102,010 19,222 25,212 Riau Islands 0 0 0 Jambi 141,543 0 80,412 48,704 101,225 South Sumatra 171,001 50,490 9,402 18,802 3,126 Bangka Belitung 0 0 0 Bengkulu 0 0 0 16,172 23,152 Lampung 0 0 8,025 2,658 178,006 Jakarta 0 0 295 24,102 0 West Java 0 0 0 0 0 Banten 0 0 0 Central Java 0 4,707 15,340 44,781 190,979 Yogyakarta 0 0 0 0 0 East Java 0 215,649 72,596 20,193 5,232 Bali 276 222 0 0 0 West Nusatenggara 8,986 3,964 10,612 5,758 0 East Nusatenggara 3,137 0 0 0 18,171 West Kalimantan 36,046 0 59,139 27,333 183,833 Central Kalimantan 54,210 3,898 36,804 31,708 91,188 East Kalimantan 129,298 206,097 198,279 20,193 276,668 South Kalimantan 37,492 55,607 38,276 43,730 167,270 North Sulawesi 0 279 0 995 0 Gorontalo 0 5,121 0 6,156 7,166 Central Sulawesi 0 21,877 2,410 7,643 10,924 Southeast Sulawesi 5,797 10 0 18,640 44,994 South Sulawesi 9,451 12,457 10,353 18,942 4,907 West Sulawesi 0 0 19,706 Maluku 888 0 23,394 3,078 0 North Maluku 47,204 1,579 17,429 West Irian Jaya 8,878 11,061 0 Papua 17,024 5,683 15,169 2,425 29,027 Total 674,868 623,495 762,601 433,419 1,471,614 Source: Forestry Production Directorate General, Data Consult/ICN Table - 25 Exports of processed timber (tons) (US$ '000) Sawn Year timber Plywood Chipwood Pulp (Ton/US$ 000) (Ton/US$ 000) (Ton/US$ 000) (Ton/US$ 000) 2001 194,246 3,898,332 320 1,780,602 90,841 1,837,915 177 564,028 2002 358,710 3,584,237 288 2,245,180 125,462 1,748,310 142 706,929 2003 204,053 3,306,448 264 0 86,744 1,662,911 172 791,215 2004 66,567 2,603,043 668 1,676,962 27,427 1,576,874 370 588,744 2005 10,650 2,168,422 139 2,552,966 3,680 1,374,670 8 932,708 Hard/Soft Particle Year Veneer Board board (Ton/US$ 000) (Ton/US$ 000) (Ton/US$ 000) 2001 5,344 200,619 103,293 2,049 42,243 19,533 2002 3,316 198,675 111,335 1,652 44,142 24,118 2003 5,403 170,862 126,676 2,944 34,552 25,837 2004 55,058 200,694 48,133 33,099 47,223 11,630 2005 3,982 234,789 30,177 9,317 55,093 5,376 Source: BPS, Forestry Ministry, Data Consult/ICN Table - 26 Log requirement of timber processing industries (cu. M) Sawn Timber and Year Wood panel woodworking Pulp Total 2000 10,241,338 5,245,050 19,357,326 34,843,714 2001 5,237,444 1,762,310 22,088,465 29,088,219 2002 11,243,164 1,382,273 23,523,246 36,148,682 2003 12,581,467 2,009,316 24,589,864 39,180,647 2004 9,438,604 1,708,408 24,657,891 35,804,903 2005 11,043,422 3,031,063 25,894,980 39,969,465 Source: Data Consult/ICN Table - 27 Log requirement and supply for timber processing industry (cu.m) Supply from Year Requirement official sources Deficit 2000 34,843,714 13,798,240 21,045,474 2001 29,088,219 10,051,480 19,036,739 2002 36,148,682 8,659,968 27,488,714 2003 39,180,647 11,423,501 27,757,146 2004 35,804,903 13,548,938 22,255,965 2005 39,969,465 24,192,173 15,777,292 Source: Data Consult/ICN