Foreign Military Sales: Air Force Does Not Use Controls to Prevent Spare Parts Containing Sensitive Military Technology from Being Released to Foreign Countries.GAO-03-939R September 10, 2003
From 1990 through 2001, the Department of Defense delivered over $138 billion in defense articles and services to foreign countries through its foreign military sales That portion of United States security assistance authorized by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, and the Arms Export Control Act of 1976, as amended. This assistance differs from the Military Assistance Program and the International Military Education and Training Program programs that included spare parts Spare parts, also referred to as Service Parts is a term used to indicate extra parts available and in proximity to the mechanical item, such as a automobile, boat, engine, for which they might be used.
Spare parts are also called “spares. . Some sales occur under blanket order cases, which are requisitions for a specific dollar value and generally cover classes of parts that a country may need rather than a specific item within a class. The management of foreign military sales is especially critical given the need to prevent certain foreign countries from receiving parts that, if released, could be used against U.S. interests. This report stems from audit work performed in connection with our report, Foreign Military Sales: Improved Air Force Controls Could Prevent Unauthorized Shipments of Classified and Controlled Spare Parts to Foreign Countries. In that report, we address issues relating to relating to relate prep → concernant
relating to relate prep → bezüglich +gen, mit Bezug auf +acc classified spare parts that are restricted for national security reasons and controlled spare parts that are not classified but contain military technology or applications or are controlled cryptographic parts. During our work for that report, we observed a situation that brought into question Air Force internal controls to prevent unclassified un·clas·si·fied
1. Not placed or included in a class or category: unclassified mail.
2. or uncontrolled spare parts that contain sensitive military technology from being released to foreign countries ineligible in·el·i·gi·ble
1. Disqualified by law, rule, or provision: ineligible to run for office; ineligible for health benefits.
2. to receive them. This report focuses on whether the Air Force has internal controls in place to prevent spare parts that contain sensitive military technology from being released to foreign countries ineligible to receive the parts.
The Air Force does not currently have any internal controls in place to prevent the release of spare parts containing sensitive military technology that are ordered under blanket orders and that the Air Force does not want to release to foreign countries ineligible to receive the parts. This has resulted in the inappropriate release of such parts. During our work, we identified an instance that occurred in 1997 in which a requisition A written demand; a formal request or requirement. The formal demand by one government upon another, or by the governor of one state upon the governor of another state, of the surrender of a fugitive from justice. The taking or seizure of property by government. for a C-130 refueling kit, which was to be used on U.S. aircraft only, was not reviewed by anyone because there were no controls in place to require that it be reviewed before it was shipped to a foreign country. When we brought this situation to the attention of Air Force Security Assistance Center officials, they said that the Air Force does not have clear guidance for identifying parts containing sensitive military technology that the Air Force does not want shipped to some foreign countries. They acknowledged that releases of similar spare parts to foreign countries ineligible to receive them had occurred and that such releases were a problem. They also acknowledged that as a result of our work the Air Force Audit Agency will review its controls for selling military technology to foreign countries. The Air Force uses its Security Assistance Management Information System to verify in part that countries are eligible to receive classified or controlled parts. However, this control could also be used to identify for foreign military sales case managers review spare parts that contain sensitive military technology and that the Air Force does not want to release to foreign countries ineligible to receive them.