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Fitch Downgrades Argentina and Colombia World Bank Deals.



Business Editors

CHICAGO--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Oct. 22, 2002

Fitch Ratings Fitch Ratings

An international rating agency for financial institutions, insurance companies, and corporate, sovereign, and municipal debt. Fitch Ratings has headquarters in New York and London and is wholly owned by FIMALAC of Paris.
 has downgraded the ratings on two transactions related to the World Bank's rolling guarantee program. Fitch downgraded Argentina's Series E and Series F $250 million zero coupon notes to 'CC' Rating Watch Evolving from 'B-' Rating Watch Negative. Fitch also downgraded Colombia's $750 million World Bank rolling guarantee-backed obligation to 'BB+' from 'BBB'. The sovereign long-term foreign currency rating for Argentina remains at 'DDD' and the long-term foreign currency rating for Colombia remains at 'BB'.

The downgrades resulted from the World Bank's October 15, 2002 announcement regarding the terms for reimbursement Reimbursement

Payment made to someone for out-of-pocket expenses has incurred.
 on the $250 million guarantee payment which had backed the Argentine Series D zero coupon notes. In order for the guarantee to roll to the Series E payment, Argentina would have to reimburse re·im·burse  
tr.v. re·im·bursed, re·im·burs·ing, re·im·burs·es
1. To repay (money spent); refund.

2. To pay back or compensate (another party) for money spent or losses incurred.
 the World Bank within 60 days. The World Bank decision to extend the repayment period from 60 days to five years makes it unlikely that the guarantee will roll and effectively leaves the subsequent Argentine Series E and Series F naked to sovereign default risk. The Rating Watch Evolving status reflects that Argentina may reimburse the World Bank within the 60 day grace period. If this is the case, the Series E notes will be upgraded to 'AAA' and Fitch will further review the implications to the Series F notes at that time.

Technically the rescheduling announcement does not force Argentina into arrears with the World Bank because the bank has always reserved the right not to seek immediate reimbursement when it deems that it would not be in either the borrower's or bank's interests. Further, Argentina's delayed repayment does not create a cross default to other World Bank loans or jeopardize jeop·ard·ize  
tr.v. jeop·ard·ized, jeop·ard·iz·ing, jeop·ard·izes
To expose to loss or injury; imperil. See Synonyms at endanger.
 future lending disbursements. As such, there are no negative consequences to Argentina in relation to the announcement.

However, Fitch does view the World Bank's action as damaging to the value added Value Added

The enhancement a company gives its product or service before offering the product to customers.

Notes:
This can either increase the products price or value.
 by rolling guarantee programs. Fitch's rating action on the Colombian Notes reflects a concern that if a sovereign is in default, circumstances would often be sufficiently dire to warrant the World Bank providing similar leniency le·ni·en·cy  
n. pl. le·ni·en·cies
1. The condition or quality of being lenient. See Synonyms at mercy.

2. A lenient act.

Noun 1.
 on the repayment of guarantees, furthermore this leniency creates an unfavorable precedent which dilutes the preferred creditor preferred creditor

A creditor having priority to payment over one or more other classes of creditors. For example, holders of first mortgage bonds must be paid by the borrower before payments are made to holders of second mortgage bonds on the same
 argument in relation to partial guarantees. Fitch believes the Colombian transaction merits 1 notch above the Colombian Long-term foreign currency rating as the structure covers two semi-annual debt service payments which will act as liquidity enhancement during times of distress.

While the recent actions were specific to Argentina and the World Bank, Fitch is concerned with the overall value of preferred creditor transactions in all countries. Specifically, Fitch will look closely at transactions involving preferred creditors such as IFC (Internet Foundation Classes) A class library from Netscape that provides an application framework and graphical user interface (GUI) routines for Java programmers. IFC was later made part of the Java Foundation Classes (JFC). See JFC, AFC and AWT. See also ICF.  or IDB (ITS Data Bus) An interface between devices in an automobile endorsed by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). Designed to fulfill the goal of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), the ITS Data Bus enables engine diagnostic equipment, GPS navigation systems,  B-loan structures, where the preferred creditor halo has traditionally been expected to allow uninterrupted access to foreign exchange. While the preferred creditor argument held up reasonably well in Argentina as companies were able to receive preferential access to foreign exchange, the recent World Bank precedent could change the way sovereigns view the lender-of-last-resort threat and jeopardize future treatment during a severe sovereign crisis.

While the rolling-guarantee and the preferred creditor umbrella has been tarnished, Fitch will continue to give credit to other types of partial guarantees offered by the multi-nationals. Fitch believes these partial guarantees being offered will replace the rolling guarantee product and will offer investors a better means of protection A means of protection is some contract or guarantee of security for body or property. It is usually achieved, in a modern state society, by agreeing to some social contract including a monopoly on violence, e.g.  as they will reduce either the probability or the severity of loss on an investment.
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Publication:Business Wire
Geographic Code:0BANK
Date:Oct 22, 2002
Words:577
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