Finally, CPSC denies petition to ban phthalates.Nearly five years of research by CPSC CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission (US)
CPSC Computer Science (course)
CPSC Canadian Plastics Sector Council (Ottawa, ON, Canada)
CPSC Chemical Processing Safety Committee , countless studies, convening of a Chronic Hazard Advisory Panel and the conduct of a mouthing behavior study have finally been concluded. The Commission voted by ballot on Feb. 21 to deny a petition by Greenpeace and twelve other proregulatory groups to ban polyvinyl chloride polyvinyl chloride (PVC), thermoplastic that is a polymer of vinyl chloride. Resins of polyvinyl chloride are hard, but with the addition of plasticizers a flexible, elastic plastic can be made. (PVCs) in children's soft vinyl toys. (9)
The vote was 3-0 to deny.
"Consumers may have a high level of assurance that soft plastic products pose no risk to children," according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. Commissioner Mary Sheila Gall.
CPSC docketed the petition in December 1998.
The staff briefing package detailed the exhaustive scientific research done by CPSC and others. The key conclusion is in a memo from Dr. Marilyn L. Wind, CPSC's Deputy Associate Executive Director, Directorate for Health Sciences:
"Based upon the scientific data presented in this briefing package, the staff believes that there is no demonstrated health risk posed by PVC toys or other products intended for children 5 years of age and under and thus, no justification for either banning PVC use in toys and other products intended for children five years of age and under or for issuing a national advisory on the health risks associated with soft plastic toys." (10)
The petitioners had alleged that young children mouthing toys made with PVCs were exposed to a potentially toxic dose toxic dose TD50 Toxicology The calculated dose of a chemical introduced by a route other than inhalation, that would cause a specific toxic effect in 50% of a defined experimental animal population Cf Lethal concentration, Lethal dose. of diisononyl phthalate Phthal´ate
n. 1. (Chem.) A salt of phthalic acid. (DINP DINP Diisononyl Phthalate ), a plasticiser Noun 1. plasticiser - a substance added to plastics or other materials to make them more pliable
softener - a substance added to another to make it less hard , and toxic doses of lead and cadmium. The alleged health risk was of potential liver and kidney damage kidney damage Kidney injury Nephrology A structural or functional compromise in renal function due to external–eg, athletic, occupational, or other trauma, resulting in bruising or hemorrhage, which can be profuse and life threatening Etiology Vascular to children.
A Chronic Hazard Advisory Panel (CHAP) convened by CPSC reported in June 2001 that "for the majority of children, the exposure to DINP from DINP-containing toys would be expected to pose a minimal to non-existent risk of injury." (11)
The petitioners also cited the alleged health risks of lead and cadmium. In November 1997, the CPSC staff issued a report on the issue, detailing the results of testing done on children's products. CPSC staff concluded then that some of the toys tested contained lead and cadmium, but that no hazardous amounts of those elements were released from the toys. (12)
Steven Milloy Steven J. Milloy is the "Junk Science" commentator for FoxNews.com and runs the Web site junkscience.com, which is dedicated to debunking what Milloy labels "faulty scientific data and analysis. , an adjunct scholar with the Cato Institute, observed, "The Consumer Product Safety Commission did the right thing last week in ruling rubber duckies and other vinyl toys pose 'no demonstrated health risks' to children. This should end a long-running controversy contrived by environmental extremists." (13)
Milloy noted that the chemical DINP has been used for more than 50 years in applications such as flooring, wall coverings, carpet backing, cable sheathing and toys.
"There are no reports of harm caused by DINP in commercial products," (14) he wrote.
Milloy concludes that the petitioners are not really concerned about health risks to children posed by PVCs in toys.
"The attack on DINP is simply a tactical ploy to advance the Green's broader war against the element chlorine--a key ingredient in the production of innumerable consumer products, including PVC PVC: see polyvinyl chloride.
in full polyvinyl chloride
Synthetic resin, an organic polymer made by treating vinyl chloride monomers with a peroxide. ," (15) Milloy wrote.
Milloy observed that about 12 million tons of chlorine are produced annually in North America for multiple industrial uses, and that a ban on chlorine "would risk public health and cost consumers more than $90 billion per year for alternative products ..." (16)
Since this attack on PVC has been blocked, where will the environmental extremists turn for their next foray against chlorine?
(9) See CPSC Monitor, "Still No CPSC Decision on Phthalates Phthalates, or phthalate esters, are a group of chemical compounds that are mainly used as plasticizers (substances added to plastics to increase their flexibility). They are chiefly used to turn polyvinyl chloride from a hard plastic into a flexible plastic. ," December 2002, Vol. 7, Issue 12, and "Public Briefing on Phthalates Petition May be Nov. 8," October 2002, Vol. 7, Issue 10.
(10) Memorandum from Marilyn L. Wind, Ph.D., Deputy Associate Executive Director, Directorate for Health Sciences to the Commission. Response to Petition HP 99-1, August 13, 2002.
(11) Report to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission by the Chronic Hazard Advisory Panel on Diisononyl Phthalate (DINP), June 2001.
(12) CPSC Staff Report on Lead and Cadmium in Children's Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Products, November 1997.
(13) Milloy, Steven, "Consumer Watchdog: Vinyl Toys Are Just Ducky." February 28, 2003, www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,79861,00.html