Feeling the fallout.
TWO RECENTLY RELEASED SURVEYS ILLUMINATE THE EFFECTS that this country's most prominent disasters of the 21st century have had on IHEs and their students.
"September 11: Effects on My Campus Five Years Later," conducted by the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities Founded in 1976, the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities (NAICU) is an organization of private US colleges and universities. NAICU has over 1,000 United States independent higher education institutions. , found that many schools (more than 30 percent) have experienced major or transformative effects due to post-9/11 visa rules and the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System The Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) is a networked computer system set up in the United States to track information on non-immigrant international students and scholars attending school in the U.S. , or SEVIS. "Since 9/11 the opportunity to bring international students and faculty to this country has grown more problematic," says David Warren, president of NAICU.
Curriculum has also been an area of some transformation, with courses on religion, Islam, and the Middle East springing up around the country. And nearly 21 percent of respondents said they have seen a major impact on campus risk management and security due to 9/11.
Universities close to Ground Zero have endured experiences all their own. "First, it made us all realize that we are all more vulnerable than we thought," says David Caputo, president of Pace University which has a campus in downtown Manhattan. The terrorist attacks and their aftermath also gave Pace a greater sense of community, says Caputo, as well as cause to rethink physical security.
Not every area of life--whether at Pace or other schools--has been affected by 9/11. According to NAICU's survey, a majority of independent IHEs have seen moderate or little to no effects on campus academic freedom, study abroad programs, and budgets. The survey of 133 presidents and senior-level administrators also found that, for most schools, the U.S.A. PATRIOT ACT has had moderate or little to no effect.
Unlike the aftermath of 9/11, the fallout of Hurricane Katrina has fermented for only a year. As time passes, administrators, faculty, and staff should make students aware of the symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
A disorder that occurs among survivors of severe environmental stress such as a tornado, an airplane crash, or military combat. Symptoms include anxiety, insomnia, flashbacks, and nightmares. , says John Marszalek, an assistant professor of counseling at Xavier University of Louisiana Xavier University of Louisiana is a private, coed, liberal arts college that is also a historically African-American (HBCU) Roman Catholic University located in uptown New Orleans, Louisiana on the edge of the Gert Town neighborhood. and a research fellow at Mississippi State University Mississippi State University, at Mississippi State, near Starkville; land-grant and state supported; coeducational; chartered 1878 as an agricultural and mechanical college, opened 1880. From 1932 to 1958 it was known as Mississippi State College. . Marszalek was among a group of professors from Xavier, Loyola University New Orleans History
Loyola’s history dates back to the early 18th century when the Jesuits first arrived among the earliest settlers in New Orleans and Louisiana. , the University of New Orleans History
UNO was founded in 1958 as the New Orleans branch of Louisiana State University, originally as "Louisiana State University in New Orleans" or "LSUNO", but became more independent and changed the name to "University of New Orleans" in 1974. , and Mississippi State who conducted a web-based poll of displaced students last November and December, unearthing widespread indicators of depression and grief.