Famines through history.Famine is an extreme shortage of food that causes widespread, persistent hunger and death. It is one of the harshest conditions humans must endure. Many famines are initially caused by natural conditions, such as drought, but become real disasters because of war, overpopulation overpopulation
Situation in which the number of individuals of a given species exceeds the number that its environment can sustain. Possible consequences are environmental deterioration, impaired quality of life, and a population crash (sudden reduction in numbers caused by , and mismanagement mis·man·age
tr.v. mis·man·aged, mis·man·ag·ing, mis·man·ag·es
To manage badly or carelessly.
mis·manage·ment n. of food supplies. In the 20th century, the worst famines had political causes, and resulted in millions of deaths.
4th millennium B.C.
The earliest recorded famines occur in ancient Egypt Editing of this page by unregistered or newly registered users is currently disabled due to vandalism. and the Middle East. In 436 B.C., thousands of starving Romans drown themselves in The Tiber River Tiber River
River, Italy. The country's second-longest river, it rises in the Tuscan Apennines, and flows south for 252 mi (405 km), ultimately passing through the city of Rome before entering the Mediterranean at Ostia. . Roman emperors will commonly withhold grain from starving peoples as a form of control.
Overpopulation, bad harvests, and epidemic diseases like the Black Plague help cause hundreds of famines in Europe during the Middle Ages--95 in Britain alone. In 1235, some Londoners are reduced to eating tree bark to survive; 20,000 of them die of starvation.
Constant warfare among nations contributes to a continuing series of famines in Europe. Cannibalism cannibalism (kăn`ĭbəlĭzəm) [Span. caníbal, referring to the Carib], eating of human flesh by other humans. is reported in Hungary during famines in 1505 and 1598. In 1600, half a million Russians die from starvation. In Asia, famine in India This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject.
Please help recruit one or [ improve this article] yourself. See the talk page for details. in 1702-1704 kills an estimated 2 million.
A series of blights (plant diseases) destroys the Irish potato crop. English and other Protestant landlords ship needed food overseas while the native Irish go hungry. The Irish Potato Famine Irish Potato Famine
(1845–49) Famine that occurred in Ireland when the potato crop failed in successive years. By the early 1840s almost half the Irish population, particularly the rural poor, was depending almost entirely on the potato for nourishment. results in more than 1 million deaths and produces millions of refugees.
Three years of severe drought in northern China lead to between 9 and 13 million deaths. Similar circumstances result in one of India's worst famines with 5 million dead.
The Huang He River in northern China, often called "China's sorrow", floods, ruining crops and bringing a famine that kills more than 3 million. Communist farm policies in the Soviet Union fail, leading to famine and 9 to 8 million dead between 1932 and 1934.
The Japanese occupation of Burma The Japanese occupation of Burma refers to the period between 1942 and 1945 during World War II, when Burma was a part of the Empire of Japan. The Japanese had assisted formation of the Burma Independence Army, and trained the Thirty Comrades, who were the founders of the modern during World War II cuts off rice to the Bengal region of eastern India; some 2 million die (1043). In Communist China, as many as 20 million perish during the famine that results from Mao Zedong's Great Leap Forward Great Leap Forward, 1957–60, Chinese economic plan aimed at revitalizing all sectors of the economy. Initiated by Mao Zedong, the plan emphasized decentralized, labor-intensive industrialization, typified by the construction of thousands of backyard steel farm policies (1958-60).
Casualties from famine during civil war in The Nigerian state of Biafra (1967-1970) are estimated at several million. Food is available in Bangladesh in 1074, but the crops of landless land·less
Owning or having no land.
Adj. 1. farmers are wiped out by floods, and they cannot buy food.
Ethiopia suffers two devastating dev·as·tate
tr.v. dev·as·tat·ed, dev·as·tat·ing, dev·as·tates
1. To lay waste; destroy.
2. To overwhelm; confound; stun: was devastated by the rude remark. drought-related famines in the early 1970s and mid-1990s. Famine resulting from flooding, drought, and economic mismanagement kills as many as 3 million in Communist North Korea (1995-1999). Famine conditions continue to threaten areas in Asia and southern Africa.
1. Who withheld food from the hungry as a form of political control? --
2. Which famine was directly caused by conflict in World War II? --
3. Which three famines in the 20th century resulted from disastrous Communist government policies? --
4. What epidemic helped create famine conditions in the British Isles during the Middle Ages? --
5. What might have caused an Irish family to emigrate to America in 1847? --
6. In which famine was there actually food available to be eaten? --
7. What natural condition is most responsible for causing famine? --
8. Which two Asian nations have suffered the most from famine? --
9. Why do you think the Huang He River has been known as "China's sorrow"? --
10. How do you think war contributes to the spread of famine? --
1. Roman emperors
2. the famine of 1943 in Bengal, India
3. the Soviet Union, 1932-1934; China, 1958-1960; North Korea, 1995-1998
4. the Black Plague
5. the Irish Potato Famine
6. Bangladesh in 1974
8. China and India
9. The Huang He has a history of flooding.
10. Answers may include: farmers are displaced or killed; land is destroyed or can't be used; food is seized by armies or governments.