Faith-Based Initiative Flops.From the perspective of the long-term care long-term care (LTC),
n the provision of medical, social, and personal care services on a recurring or continuing basis to persons with chronic physical or mental disorders. community, the first significant political death during the Bush administration occurred in March, when Republican members of Congress told the President to go back to the drawing board on his faith-based initiative.
Government relations with the faith community are crucial to the long-term care field because so many long-term care and elderly housing providers are affiliated with religious groups. More than three-quarters of the 5,600 nursing homes, housing groups, home-based care programs and other providers in the American Association American Association refers to one of the following professional baseball leagues:
U.S. government programs in effect since 1966. Medicare covers most people 65 or older and those with long-term disabilities. Part A, a hospital insurance plan, also pays for home health visits and hospice care. payments, and other federal benefits. The subsidiaries are affiliated with faith communities but are independently accountable for their use of government funds.
Similar practices generally are followed when private foundations fund long-term care services provided by the faith community. Perhaps the best-known of these is Faith in Action (FIA FIA
feline infectious anemia. ), a 20-year-old program sponsored by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, charitable organization devoted exclusively to health care issues. It was established in 1936 by Robert Wood Johnson (1893–1968), board chairman of the Johnson & Johnson medical products company. . FIA mobilizes volunteers from multiple religious congregations in a community to provide supportive home care and day care for the elderly and others.
In spite of these accomplishments of the faith community, George W. Bush came to the White House believing that government spurns the involvement of religious institutions in providing direct services. This perception dates back to 1996, when then-governor Bush established a Faith-Based Task Force to survey the effects of Texas law and regulations on the provision of services by faith based groups. He specifically listened to complaints from a prison program known as InnerChange, which relies on the power of faith rather than "secular counseling" to change inmates' lives. The result was Texas House Bill 2017, which directed the Texas Department of Human Services to encourage the work of faith-based organizations and required state human services agencies to partner with such groups.
Bush was not alone in sponsoring reforms to encourage faith solutions to long-term care and other problems. As governor of New Jersey, Christine Todd Whitman--now Bush's appointee APPOINTEE. A person who is appointed or selected for a particular purpose; as the appointee under a power, is the person who is to receive the benefit of the trust or power. as director of the Environmental Protection Agency--sponsored a faith-based initiative in her state, as did Democratic Governor Gray Davis of California. George W. Bush went on, throughout his campaign, to describe his support for faith-based initiatives as an innovation that distinguished him from the other candidates. He promised that "In every instance when my administration sees a responsibility to help people, we will look first to faith-based institutions, to charities and to community groups that have shown their ability to save and change lives."
Within a week of the inauguration, President Bush signed an executive order creating a White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives The White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives (OFBCI) is a department under the Office of the President of the United States that was established by President George W. and a second executive order establishing Centers for Faith-Based and Community Initiatives in five federal agencies. Bush again highlighted the faithbased initiative in his first televised speech as President. "We must encourage and support the work of charities and churches and community groups that offer help and love one person at a time.... Government should welcome these groups to apply for funds and not discriminate against them." Shortly afterward, congressmen J.C. Watts (R-OK) and Tony Hall (D-OH) introduced H.R. 7, the Community Solutions Act, to transform the administration's faith-based initiative into law.
Aside from its tax-credit provisions for charitable donations, the administration's faith-based initiative would provide faith organizations that accept federal funds Federal Funds
Funds deposited to regional Federal Reserve Banks by commercial banks, including funds in excess of reserve requirements.
These non-interest bearing deposits are lent out at the Fed funds rate to other banks unable to meet overnight reserve with partial immunity from federal employment discrimination provisions; the House bill would allow a denomination's religious practices to serve as a basis for rejecting job applicants. However, the bill also mandates extensive accounting revisions for churches and religious institutions accepting federal funds to provide services to the elderly and other populations--and therein lies a problem.
John J. DiIulio, Jr., a former journalist who now heads the White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives, encountered widespread skepticism when he tried to promote the program among religious groups. Although part of the opposition included the expected criticism of Americans United For Separation of Church and State Americans United for Separation of Church and State (Americans United or AU for short) is a religious freedom advocacy group in the United States which promotes the separation of church and state, a legal doctrine seen by the AU as being enshrined in the Establishment , such religious conservatives as Pat Robertson Marion Gordon "Pat" Robertson (born March 22 1930) is a televangelist from the United States. He is the founder of numerous organizations and corporations, including the American Center for Law and Justice (ACLJ), Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN), and Terry Scanlon also raised concerns about federal oversight and other matters. Interestingly, for example, while Scanlon's Capital Research Center warned that providing funds for liberal religious groups would enable them to spend more money on lobbying, Rabbi David Saperstein This article is about the Rabbi. For the billionaire, see David I Saperstein.
David Saperstein is a rabbi, lawyer, and Reform Jewish community leader, serving as the director and counsel of the movement's Religious Action Center for more than 30 years. , director of the Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism Reform Judaism
Religious movement that has modified or abandoned many traditional Jewish beliefs and practices in an effort to adapt Judaism to the modern world. It originated in Germany in 1809 and spread to the U.S. , warned that federal support for services provided by fundamentalist Christians would enable these groups to 'free up their money to come after us" and target young Jews for conversion.
President Bush responded to a portion of the criticism in an interview on March 9. "There are some who worry about, once government gets involved, government will force religion on people. And I am mindful of those concerns, our policy will understand that. We'll fashion a policy that...will, I believe, answer these critics."
Nevertheless, some of the unexpected supporters that the faith-based initiative garnered might have hurt the cause as much as its opponents did. National groups of witches and pagans enthusiastically debated over the Internet whether their own social programs should demand federal funds. Their interest reflects the fact that the federal government has been unable to define a "faith-based institution." For example, court cases repeatedly have ruled that Scientologists, a group with a history of rabid opposition to psychiatry, can qualify as a religious organization. It is at least possible that federal agencies would be required by the faith-based initiative to fund long-term care services provided by groups on the fringe On The Fringe is a popular Pakistani television show on Indus Music. It is hosted and scripted by the eccentric television host and music critic, Fasi Zaka and directed by Zeeshan Pervez. of spiritual life.
On March 13, faced with the unexpected negative reactions to the initiative, Senator Rick Santorum “Santorum” redirects here. For other uses, see Santorum (disambiguation).
Richard John Santorum (born May 10, 1958) is a former United States Senator from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. (RPA RPA Remote Patron Authentication
RPA Rural Payments Agency (UK Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
RPA Replication Protein A
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RPA Regional Plan Association
RPA Random-Phase Approximation ) announced that he would delay serious action on the legislation for at least a year. The delay, according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. Santorum, was needed to give policymakers time to rethink the initiative. Since Santorum is the principal Senate sponsor of the Senate companion legislation of H.R. 7, his announcement effectively killed the prospects for passage of the initiative until late 2002. Even if it should eventually win Senate and House approval, the administration already has "watered down" the language of the initiative to include "grass-roots" as well as religion-affiliated organizations.
Thus it appears that the first casualty of the President's agenda might be his proposed solution to a problem--discrimination against faith-based organizations applying for federal funding--that many religion-affiliated long-term care providers deny ever existed.