Fact-checking sites separate myth from reality.
Deviations from the truth vary. Someone might neglect to tell the whole truth by omitting important information, exaggerating to impress others, downplaying the significance of something known to be crucial, saying something in a deliberately ambiguous way to provide an out, or telling a barefaced lie.
You'll find all of this online.
In the eighteenth century the philosopher Immanuel Kant argued that all lying is unethical under all circumstances. Kant was a subtle thinker, but most people I believe recognize that the complexity of human relations human relations npl → relaciones fpl humanas and the realities of the flee market, democracy, and international relations international relations, study of the relations among states and other political and economic units in the international system. Particular areas of study within the field of international relations include diplomacy and diplomatic history, international law, occasionally require deviations from the absolute truth to grease the wheels of a civil society and peaceful world.
Lying also has a biological aspect. Deception is common in many species as a way of attracting or fooling prey or mates or otherwise promoting your survival or that of your offspring. But deception that crosses the line, however that line is defined by any given society, is deemed unethical or illegal or both and has consequences.
It's also in our interest to be good at deception detection.
The Web can help with fact checking and truth testing. This can be especially useful during a presidential election year, when the temptation for very public figures to deviate from the truth can be overwhelming.
FactCheck.org (www.factcheck.org), a project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center, was one of the first political fact-checking websites, founded in 2003. It describes itself as "a nonpartisan, nonprofit 'consumer advocate' for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics."
Traditional gatekeepers of the news, daily newspapers, are also getting in on the action, perhaps as a way to differentiate themselves from strictly Internet-based sources of news. Many newspapers across the country are launching or joining fact-checking initiatives, which are typically open to the public as well.
Two of the most visible newspaper-based fact-checking operations are PolitiFact (www.politifact.com), launched by the Tampa Bay Times Tampa Bay Times (tbt*) is a daily (Monday-Friday) newspaper published by the St. Petersburg Times. The publication is a free tabloid-format newspaper aimed at young professionals in the Tampa/St. Petersburg, Florida area. , and Truth Needle (seattletimes. nwsource.com/html/truthneedle), launched by the Seattle Times.
tr.v. mis·in·formed, mis·in·form·ing, mis·in·forms
To provide with incorrect information.
mis comes in other forms besides the political. The best-known site for getting to the bottom of "urban legends, folklore, myths, rumors, and misinformation" is Snopes.com (www.snopes.com), founded by a husband and wife team of researchers and writers, Barbara and David Mikkelson. You can do a keyword search or browse through categories from autos to weddings.
Trying to dispel one of the wackier rumors about Snopes.com itself, that the site is funded by billionaire Marxists, the Mikkelsons point out that they receive revenue strictly though advertising and are completely independent.
One of the oldest pieces of advice to avoid getting duped by false information is to resist believing everything you read. This is especially true on the Internet, where anybody can play expert and where the pressure to break genuine news often leaves little time for fact checking even by reputable sources.
If the information is both surprising and important, you should check it against at least two other sources. If it involves a brand new development, it's generally best to avoid acting on it until the dust settles and the development's true nature becomes clearer.
There are plenty of good sites on the Web for getting background material for help in determining the accuracy of information you come across.
Wikipedia (en.wikipedia.org/wiki) is the world's largest and most popular encyclopedia, with content generated by users, from experts to hobbyists. Though it's often pooh-poohed by teachers and editors for its lack of academic rigor rigor /rig·or/ (rig´er) [L.] chill; rigidity.
rigor mor´tis the stiffening of a dead body accompanying depletion of adenosine triphosphate in the muscle fibers. , Wikipedia has a self-correcting mechanism that eliminates much inaccuracy.
Cousins to encyclopedia, almanacs are great for checking facts and figures. The best online almanac almanac, originally, a calendar with notations of astronomical and other data. Almanacs have been known in simple form almost since the invention of writing, for they served to record religious feasts, seasonal changes, and the like. is Infoplease (www.infoplease.com), a descendent of the paper almanac Information Please and before that a radio quiz show quiz show
A television or radio program in which the contestants' knowledge is tested by questioning, with some contestants winning money or prizes. of the same name that first aired in 1937.
The advertising-supported Infoplease is owned by Pearson, which publishes the Financial Times and numerous books through the Penguin Group of book publishers. At Infoplease you can search by keyword through the entire site or browse through various categories. There's also a biographical dictionary Biographical dictionaries — a type of encyclopedic dictionary limited to biographical information — have been written in many languages. Many attempt to cover the major personalities of a country (with limitations, such as living persons only, in Who's Who , atlas, compact encyclopedia, and homework center for kids.
But if you're delving deeply into the background of people or words, specialized sites will typically take you further. Popular sites include Bio.com (www.biography.com), Dictionary.com (dictionary.reference.com), and Acronym Finder (www.acronymfinder.com).
Two excellent sites for checking health information are Harvard University-affiliated InteliHealth (www.intelihealth.com) and MayoClinic.com (www.mayoclinic.com). RxList (www.rxlist.com) and the National Library of Medicine's Medline Plus Drug Information (www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginformation. html) provide information about pharmaceutical drugs and nutritional supplements Nutritional Supplements Definition
Nutritional supplements include vitamins, minerals, herbs, meal supplements, sports nutrition products, natural food supplements, and other related products used to boost the nutritional content of the diet. .
Reid Goldsborough is a syndicated columnist and author of the book "Straight Talk About the Information Superhighway. "He can be reached at email@example.com or www.reidgoldsborough.com. around cam us