FDA Approves Ionizing Radiation for Sprouting Seeds.On October 30, 2000, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA FDA
Food and Drug Administration
n.pr See Food and Drug Administration.
n.pr the abbreviation for the Food and Drug Administration. ) announced that it had approved the use of ionizing radiation i·on·i·zing radiation
High-energy radiation capable of producing ionization in substances through which it passes.
Ionizing radiation on seeds used for producing sprouts. The goal is to reduce pathogens in and on the seeds. While the process cannot ensure elimination of every organism, it can achieve a considerable reduction. The likelihood of viable pathogens remaining will depend both on the original microbial microbial
pertaining to or emanating from a microbe.
the breakdown of organic material, especially feedstuffs, by microbial organisms. load and on the irradiation dose applied. The new regulation allows a dose of up to 8 kilograys (kGy). The actual dose will depend on the ability of various seeds to tolerate irradiation and remain able to sprout.
Elimination of pathogens (e.g., Salmonella, E. coli O157:H7) that have been associated with sprouts can reduce the incidence of foodborne-illness outbreaks. It was demonstrated to FDA that in seeds to which E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella serotype serotype /se·ro·type/ (ser´o-tip) the type of a microorganism determined by its constituent antigens; a taxonomic subdivision based thereon.
v. Stanley had been added, irradiation at 5 kGy reduced the organisms to below detectable levels. Because the irradiation dose and the initial microbial load will determine whether any viable pathogenic organisms remain on the seed, and because irradiation does not leave any residual effect that could protect against recontamination, FDA recommends that seed distributors and sprout producers continue to follow good manufacturing practices to ensure protection against recontamination. These practices are detailed on Web sites maintained by the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition The Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN, pronounced sif'-san) is the branch of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) which regulates food, dietary supplements, and cosmetics.
"Food" within the context of FDA is a very broad term with some limitations. : [less than]http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/[sim]dms/sprougd1.html[greater than] and [less than]http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/[sim]dms/sprougd2.html[greater than].
Seeds for sprouting must be labeled to inform the sprout producer that the seeds have been irradiated and must not be re-irradiated. This information can appear on the label, the invoice, or the bill of lading A document signed by a carrier (a transporter of goods) or the carrier's representative and issued to a consignor (the shipper of goods) that evidences the receipt of goods for shipment to a specified designation and person. . Sprouts grown from irradiated seeds do not have to be labeled.