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FAX IS 150 YEARS OLD TOMORROW

 NORWELL, Mass., May 26 /PRNewswire/ -- Tomorrow, believe it or not, marks the 150th anniversary of the facsimile. On May 27, 1843, Scottish telegraphy pioneer Alexander Bain patented the first fax device.
 Bain's fax, which was never sold commercially, was controlled by an electronic clock. Since there were no photoelectric cells in 1843, images had to be etched onto a metal plate before being sent on a telegraph line. A metal stylus moved line-by-line across the image creating impulses indicating where the stylus rose or fell. The telegraph line then sent the images.
 While Bain's crude fax device never found a market, 150 years later the fax market has exploded. More than 5 billion pages of computer-based faxes were sent in the United States last year, according to a survey conducted by the International Computer Facsimile Association (ICFA), which is composed of 42 companies involved in all areas of computer-based faxing.
 The ICFA projected that some 50 billion pages will be sent via computer fax devices by 1996.
 The ICFA study also found that 49.1 percent of small businesses own fax machines. This includes 12.8 percent ownership in income- generating home offices.
 For ICFA membership, research statistics, contact Judy Pirani or Don Ryan, 617-982-9500.
 -0- 5/26/93
 /CONTACT: Chad Hill or Len Fernandes of Hill Communications, 510-945-7910 or 510-538-8916, for ICFA/


CO: International Computer Facsimile Association ST: California IN: CPR SU:

LS-EH -- LA001 -- 2268 05/26/93 06:02 EDT
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Publication:PR Newswire
Date:May 26, 1993
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