Excess crimes by mentally retarded on own.Mentally retarded Noun 1. mentally retarded - people collectively who are mentally retarded; "he started a school for the retarded"
developmentally challenged, retarded persons increasingly receive encouragement to live independently, challenging the stereotype that they belong in institutions. A new study suggests that this laudable trend has a downside--mentally retarded men and women living in the community commit substantially more crimes of all types by age 30 than do people with no mental retardation mental retardation, below average level of intellectual functioning, usually defined by an IQ of below 70 to 75, combined with limitations in the skills necessary for daily living. or disorder.
Moreover, noninstitutionalized mentally retarded offenders of both sexes in a large Swedish sample were convicted, on average, of as many crimes and for the same types of offenses as nonretarded offenders, report Anne G. Crocker and Sheilagh Hodgins, both psychologists at the University of Montreal Of Montreal is an American indie pop band formed in Athens, Georgia, fronted by Kevin Barnes. It was among the second wave of groups to emerge from The Elephant 6 Recording Company. .
Evidence of higher crime rates among mentally retarded persons living independently should not be used to stigmatize stig·ma·tize
tr.v. stig·ma·tized, stig·ma·tiz·ing, stig·ma·tiz·es
1. To characterize or brand as disgraceful or ignominious.
2. To mark with stigmata or a stigma.
3. this population as inherently delinquent, the researchers maintain. Instead, they say, it should spark efforts to identify and provide supervision for those mentally retarded individuals most likely to go astray.
The individuals convicted of offenses, whether they are mentally retarded or not, often had serious behavior problems during childhood, the researchers note.
"[Although] biological factors may contribute in part to the development of conduct problems in mentally retarded children, studies of the effectiveness of socialization socialization /so·cial·iza·tion/ (so?shal-i-za´shun) the process by which society integrates the individual and the individual learns to behave in socially acceptable ways.
n. and training programs aimed at teaching such children alternatives to antisocial antisocial /an·ti·so·cial/ (-so´sh'l)
1. denoting behavior that violates the rights of others, societal mores, or the law.
2. denoting the specific personality traits seen in antisocial personality disorder. behavior are scientifically justified and urgently needed," contend Crocker and Hodgins.
Their investigation, published in the December Criminal Justice and Behavior, focused on 15,117 people born in Stockholm in 1953. Of that number, 120 men and 87 women had been placed in classes for the mentally retarded while in elementary school but had lived outside of institutions since that time. Another 62 men and 32 women had lived in institutions for the mentally retarded for much of their lives; they did not commit enough crimes to merit inclusion in the data analysis. Criminal records through 1983 were collected from the Swedish national police register.
By age 30, 57 percent of mentally retarded men living in the community had been convicted of at least one crime, compared to 32 percent of the nonretarded men. This trend held for all types of offenses--violent crimes (such as rape and assault), thefts, frauds, vandalism, serious traffic violations (such as driving without a license), drug-related crimes, and other offenses (including tax evasion The process whereby a person, through commission of Fraud, unlawfully pays less tax than the law mandates.
Tax evasion is a criminal offense under federal and state statutes. A person who is convicted is subject to a prison sentence, a fine, or both. and sexual crimes other than rape).
A comparable pattern characterized the women. By age 30, 14 percent of mentally retarded women living independently and 6 percent of nonretarded women had committed at least one registered offense.
The study provides a rare look at crime among mentally retarded women. In three categories--violent crime, fraud, and drug-related offenses--their rates were as high as those of nonretarded men.
Most male offenders committed their first crime before age 18, regardless of whether they were mentally retarded. Female offenders usually committed their first crime after age 18; the age at first conviction was especially high in the mentally retarded group.
These findings add to the evidence that crime rates generally rise as IQ scores decline (SN: 4/15/95, p. 232), comments psychologist Terrie E. Moffitt of the Institute of Psychiatry The Institute of Psychiatry (IOP) is a research institution dedicated to discovering what causes mental health problems and diseases of the brain. In addition, its aim is to help identify new treatments for them and ways to prevent them in the first place. in London.
"It's not like you suddenly become more prone to crime when you fall below an arbitrary cutoff point Cutoff point
The lowest rate of return acceptable on investments. that defines mental retardation," Moffitt says.
For mentally retarded people living on their own in modern societies, slowed thinking abilities may lead to stress, demoralization de·mor·al·ize
tr.v. de·mor·al·ized, de·mor·al·iz·ing, de·mor·al·iz·es
1. To undermine the confidence or morale of; dishearten: an inconsistent policy that demoralized the staff. , or manipulation by unscrupulous peers, all of which could boost criminal behavior, Moffitt theorizes.