Evidence-Practice Gaps Report Volume 1: A Review of Developments: 2004-2007.[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]
The National Institute of Clinical Studies (NICS See Newly Industrialized Countries. ) has released a report on evidence to practice gaps in the Australian health care system. The report highlights the gaps between what is known from the best available research to what is done in daily practice and is a useful guide for nurses on best practice. NICS reviews its best practice recommendations every three to five years and recommends changes to practice as evidence changes, largely as a result of advances in research. This volume compares the evidence from 2003 to 2007 and makes recommended changes to practice. The 11 topics in this volume are:
* advising on smoking cessation smoking cessation Public health Temporary or permanent halting of habitual cigarette smoking; withdrawal therapies–eg, hypnosis, psychotherapy, group counseling, exposing smokers to Pts with terminal lung CA and nicotine chewing gum are often ineffective. ;
* advising on smoking cessation in pregnancy;
* screening for lung cancer with chest xrays;
* preventing stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation;
* using ACE inhibitor and beta-blocker therapies in heart failure;
* measuring glycated haemoglobin haemoglobin or US hemoglobin
a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the tissues [Greek haima blood + Latin globus ball]
Noun 1. in diabetes management;
* prescribing antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infection upper respiratory tract infection URI Infectious disease A nonspecific term used to describe acute infections involving the nose, paranasal sinuses, pharynx, and larynx, the prototypic URI is the common cold; flu/influenza is a systemic illness involving the URT and acute bronchitis;
* preventing venous thromboembolism thromboembolism /throm·bo·em·bo·lism/ (-em´bo-lizm) obstruction of a blood vessel with thrombotic material carried by the blood from the site of origin to plug another vessel.
n. in hospitalised patients;
* preparing for elective colorectal surgery;
* using colonoscopy in colorectal cancer surgery followup; and
* managing acute and cancer pain in hospitalised patients.
Australia. National Institute of Clinical Studies. 2008. Evidence-Practice Gaps Report Volume 1: a review of developments: 2004-2007. National Health and Medical Research Council The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) is Australia's peak funding body for medical research, with a budget of nearly A$500M a year . The Council was established to develop and maintain health standards and is responsible for implementing the . Canberra, Australia.
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