Encyclopedia of Prisoners of War and Internment, 2d ed.1592371205
Encyclopedia of prisoners of war prisoners of war, in international law, persons captured by a belligerent while fighting in the military. International law includes rules on the treatment of prisoners of war but extends protection only to combatants. and internment, 2d ed.
Ed. by Jonathan F. Vance.
Grey House Pub., Inc.
From Abu Ghraib See Abu Ghraib prison and Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse.
The city of Abu Ghraib (BGN/PCGN romanization: Abū Ghurayb; أبو غريب in Arabic) in the Anbar Governorate of Iraq is located 32 kilometres (20 mi) west of , the Iraqi prison that gained international notoriety with respect to the treatment of prisoners by American occupation soldiers, to Zentsuji, the first World War II POW camp established in Japan, the 350 entries provide information on the history of prisoners of war and interned civilians, emphasizing the 19th and 20th centuries, but including topical material dating as far back as the bronze age Bronze Age, period in the development of technology when metals were first used regularly in the manufacture of tools and weapons. Pure copper and bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, were used indiscriminately at first; this early period is sometimes called the . Topics include famous (or infamous) camps, relevant international legal documents, famous prisoners of war (Jessica Lynch and John McCain) and other historical figures (Benito Mussolini and Rudolf Hess), and historical events such as the Nanking massacre by the Japanese and the My Lai massacre My Lai Massacre
(March 16, 1968) Mass killing of as many as 500 unarmed villagers by U.S. soldiers in the hamlet of My Lai during the Vietnam War. A company of U.S. soldiers on a search-and-destroy mission against the hamlet found no armed Viet Cong there but nonetheless by the Americans. Included after the entries are a number of relevant legal and historical documents, including the 1907 Hague Convention, portions of the Geneva Conventions, White House legal memoranda on the status of "illegal combatants," and a report from Iraq by the International Committee of the Red Cross
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a private humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland. . Also included are nine maps detailing the location of 327 POW and internment camps around the world.
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