Eleanor Roosevelt: once, the U.S. President's wife was expected to be a silent partner. Eleanor Roosevelt changed that rule forever.Beginning with Martha Washington, a U.S. President's wife was expected to be seen and not heard. Politics was a man's world, and women were not welcome in it. "The President's wife must be a silent partner," stated The New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of Times Magazine in 1932. "The unwritten law Unwritten rules, principles, and norms that have the effect and force of law though they have not been formally enacted by the government.
Most laws in America are written. The U.S. is that the First Lady gives no interviews, makes no public statements."
The role of First Lady underwent a serious change after Franklin D. Roosevelt won the presidency in 1932. Roosevelt's wife, Eleanor, had long been an advocate (strong supporter) of causes such as helping the unemployed and ending child labor child labor, use of the young as workers in factories, farms, and mines. Child labor was first recognized as a social problem with the introduction of the factory system in late 18th-century Great Britain. . With the country suffering through the Great Depression (1929-1940), she wanted to do more than just host White House parties.
Even the new First Lady worried about breaking with tradition. "It was new and untried ground, and I was feeling my way with some trepidation [fear]," Eleanor Roosevelt wrote. Despite relentless criticism at first, her work on behalf of the poor and oppressed op·press
tr.v. op·pressed, op·press·ing, op·press·es
1. To keep down by severe and unjust use of force or authority: a people who were oppressed by tyranny.
2. won wide approval. She soon became known as the First Lady of the World.
Eleanor Roosevelt was born in 1884, into a life of wealth and privilege. Her mother, Anna, was a glamourous society woman. Her father, Elliott, was the brother of Theodore Roosevelt, who became the 26th President in 1901.
Yet Eleanor grew up shy, alone, and unhappy. Her mother found her homely (unattractive), saying, "You have no looks, so see to it that you have manners." Eleanor's father adored her. But he struggled with a drinking problem that caused the family to break up. It led to his untimely death in 1894. Anna Roosevelt Anna Roosevelt may be:
At age 15, Eleanor began to gain confidence with the help of teachers at her boarding school. Six years later, she married a distant cousin, Franklin Roosevelt. He launched a promising career as a Democratic politician while she raised their five children.
Franklin's dreams almost collapsed in 1921. He contracted (came down with) polio, a disease that forced him to use crutches and a wheelchair for life. With Eleanor's help, though, he rebounded. In 1928, Franklin was elected Governor of New York. Four years later, he was elected the 32nd President.
A Different First Lady
As a public figure, Eleanor Roosevelt had her own handicaps to overcome. Many people found her high, quavering voice irritating. Tall and gangly gan·gly
adj. gan·gli·er, gan·gli·est
[Alteration of gangling.]
Adj. 1. , she did not like wearing the fashionable clothes expected of a First Lady. Instead, Eleanor Roosevelt worked to be a different kind of trendsetter trend·set·ter
One that initiates or popularizes a trend: "The Golden State, ever the trendsetter, reformed its property tax" New York. . She became the first First Lady to hold press conferences. She 'also wrote a daily newspaper column called "My Day."
President Roosevelt's top goal was to ease the suffering caused by the Great Depression. Eleanor traveled the country as his eyes and ears--so much so that people called her Eleanor Everywhere. One week, she might investigate the terrible living conditions living conditions npl → condiciones fpl de vida
living conditions npl → conditions fpl de vie
living conditions living of West Virginia West Virginia, E central state of the United States. It is bordered by Pennsylvania and Maryland (N), Virginia (E and S), and Kentucky and, across the Ohio R., Ohio (W). Facts and Figures
Area, 24,181 sq mi (62,629 sq km). Pop. coal miners. The next, she would see how Jim Crow Jim Crow
Negro stereotype popularized by 19th-century minstrel shows. [Am. Hist.: Van Doren, 138]
See : Bigotry (segregation) laws denied rights to blacks in the South. After the U.S. entered World War II in December 1941, the First Lady visited troops at hundreds of military bases and hospitals.
Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt did not always see eye to eye, but he frequently took her advice. Sometimes, he would ask her to speak out on controversial (disputable dis·put·a·ble
Open to dispute; debatable: disputable testimony.
dis·put ) issues that might have caused an uproar if he had expressed the same opinion.
Eleanor Roosevelt's outspokenness angered stone people. One New York woman wrote to the President asking whether he could "muzzle muzzle
1. the part of the face supported by the maxillae and nasal bones; the part of a dog's head anterior to the stop and cheeks, containing the nasal passages and bearing the nosepad. Longer in dolichocephalics and practically nonexistent in brachycephalics. that female creature, known to the world as your wife."
But even the President's harshest critics saw the good in Eleanor's work. One of them wrote, "I think we can take the wraps off and call her the greatest American woman, because there is no other who works as hard or knows the lowdown low·down
The whole truth: gave us the lowdown on what happened at the party.
lowdown low (inf) n he gave me the lowdown on it → truth about the people and the trouble in their hearts as well as she does."
President Roosevelt died April 12, 1945, just as his fourth term in office was beginning. The new President, Harry S. Truman For other persons named Harry Truman, see Harry Truman (disambiguation).
Harry S. Truman (May 8 1884 – December 26 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as vice president, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. , appointed Eleanor Roosevelt as a delegate to the General Assembly of the newly created United Nations (UN). In 1946, she was elected chair of the UN's Human Rights Commission.
Its job was to create the first global bill of rights--an answer to the horrors of Hitler and World War II.
Not all countries approved of the commission's work. Repressive countries like the Soviet Union objected to concepts like human rights and religious freedom. After months of exhausting work, the UN General Assembly finally voted to adopt the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. Drafted by a committee chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt, it was adopted without dissent but with eight abstentions. on December 10, 1948.
To many people, getting the declaration written and approved was Eleanor Roosevelt's greatest achievement. Even then, she did not let up. Until her death in 1962, she continued to write, speak out, and influence politics. "If anyone were to ask me what I want out of life," she wrote, "I would say--the opportunity for doing something useful, for in no other way, I am convinced, can true happiness be attained."
Your Turn WORD MATCH 1. advocate A. fear 2. trepidation B. came down with 3. homely C. disputable 4. controversial D. unattractive 5. contracted E. strong supporter
THINK ABOUT IT
1. What obstacles did Eleanor Roosevelt overcome to achieve success?
2. What role should a First Lady play in public policy? Explain.
Students should understand
* Eleanor Roosevelt transformed the role and duties of the First Lady through her social and political activism.
Ask students to identify some recent First Ladies. Then conduct a discussion on what the responsibilities of the First Lady should be and whether they have changed since Eleanor Roosevelt's day.
Eleanor Roosevelt began her humanitarian work long before she entered the White House. Throughout the 1920s, Roosevelt worked on behalf of woman suffrage woman suffrage, the right of women to vote. Throughout the latter part of the 19th cent. the issue of women's voting rights was an important phase of feminism. and women's labor unions. She also founded a furniture factory to aid the unemployed and taught briefly at an all-girls school in New York City New York City: see New York, city.
New York City
City (pop., 2000: 8,008,278), southeastern New York, at the mouth of the Hudson River. The largest city in the U.S. .
COMPARE AND CONTRAST: How did Eleanor Roosevelt distinguish herself as First Lady? (Previously, the First Lady was expected to refrain from politics and primarily act as hostess at White House functions. But Eleanor Roosevelt conducted press conferences, wrote a daily newspaper column, traveled the nation to promote government policies, and spoke out on controversial issues.)
MAKING CONNECTIONS: How did Eleanor Roosevelt continue her political and social activism after leaving the White House? (She served as a delegate to the newly created United Nations in 1945. The next year, she led the UN's effort to create a global bill of rights, which was eventually adopted in 1948.)
WRITE AN EDITORIAL: Point out to students that Eleanor Roosevelt used her syndicated column, "My Day," as a platform to promote social and political causes. Instruct students to write their own editorials about policies they'd like to see changed, whether in school, in their town, or in the government.
SOCIAL STUDIES, GRADES 5-8
* Individual Identity and development: How Eleanor Roosevelt gained fame and admiration for her humaitarian work and became a political and public role model for women.
* Time, continuity, and change: How the role and duties of the First Lady dramatically changed because of Eleanor Roosevelt.
* Freedman freed·man
A man who has been freed from slavery.
pl -men History a man freed from slavery
Noun 1. , Russell, Eleanor Roosevelt: A Life of Discovery (Houghton Mifflin Houghton Mifflin Company is a leading educational publisher in the United States. The company's headquarters is located in Boston's Back Bay. It publishes textbooks, instructional technology materials, assessments, reference works, and fiction and non-fiction for both young readers , 1997). Grades 7-8.
* Kramer, Sydelle, Look It Up Book of First Ladies (Random House, 2001). Grades 5-8.
* Eleanor Roosevelt www.nps.gov/elro/index.htm
* U.S. First Ladies www.firstladies.org/
Ernestine Gwendolyn Standberry (Member): Eleanor Roosevelt....also started Roosevelt University 6/9/2011 9:47 AM
I am a graduate of Roosevelt University Downtown Campus, English Department, Chicago, IL and want to add that in most Articles they fail to mention that it was Eleanor Roosevelt who started Roosevelt University, a university promoting college education for the underpriviledged i.e the masses. This is one of her most important achievements...she truly must be called the original "First Lady of the World." I feel that "Michelle Obama" is the Second. Insofar as Hillary Clinton...well she over-ruled her husband, Pres. Bill Clinton...especially when it came to my calling the Whitehouse against Roe v. Wade. From 1995 to 1999, I was either in a police lockup or psychiatric hospital because I was considered "Crazy" for wanting to end Roe v. Wade...this is what I was told by CIA Agents who came to my home..."They had orders from the then First Lady..which was Hillary Clinton.) To date, I am trying to get JUSTICE FOR MY YOUNGEST SON, KHALLEE G. STANDBERRY-LEWIS, WHO WAS PLACED IN DCFS i.e. Illinois Cirucit Court Case #95 JA 2237! I was considered an unfit mother by them but Judge Sorrentino who signed the above Adjudication Order stated therein "the mother is not at fault." He was removed, and the case went on (While my son was in abusive foster care) until June, 1997! Pres. Obama was contacted and informed me, when he was Senator, that he would look into the matter! Instead, he made Hillary Clinton, Secretary of State!
I have more than one reason why I did not vote for this current President...the fact that he is Prochoice and the fact that in re Geocities.com/Loudproductions60600 wherein I listed my problems with the government and my "wireless inventions" which was emailed to him....which he emailed back to me "I walk with you now! I walk with you now!" I'M STILL WAITING TO THIS DATE June 9,2011!
Ms. Ernestine Gwendolyn Standberry,
Dir. of the International Prolife Federation,
Deborah Movement Burnside, CAN-TV Producer