Economic justice for all but church employees.As Labor Day Labor Day, holiday celebrated in the United States and Canada on the first Monday in September to honor the laborer. It was inaugurated by the Knights of Labor in 1882 and made a national holiday by the U.S. Congress in 1894. rolls around each year in the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. , politicians, union leaders and church officials crank out a generous helping of empty, boilerplate A phrase or body of text used verbatim in different documents such as a signature at the end of a letter. Boilerplate is widely used in the legal profession as many paragraphs are used over and over in agreements with little modification or no modification. rhetoric about the dignity of work and the contribution of workers to the well-being of the nation and the world.
No pro-worker words are more empty, however, than those of a faith community that fails to practice what it preaches about social justice and human rights.
"While the church is bound to give witness to justice," the 1971 World Synod of Bishops declared, "it recognizes that anyone who ventures to speak to people about justice must first be just in their eyes. Hence, we must undertake an examination of the modes of acting and of the possessions and lifestyle found within the church itself.
"Within the church," the document continued, "rights must be preserved. No one should be deprived of his or her ordinary rights because he or she is associated with the church in one way or another."
Yet how often are those who work for the church told that, because the church is a "faith community," they cannot expect the same measure of justice that the church urges upon governments, businesses and other public and private organizations?
Church employees are told, in effect, that, because the church "can't afford" to do more, they should expect to work for less, with less job security, and with less say about their working conditions than people in comparable positions outside the church.
But the synodal statement insisted that laypeople lay·peo·ple or lay people
Laymen and laywomen. "should be given fair wages and a system for promotion." And it made explicit reference See explicit link. to women (who constitute more than 80 percent of the church's entire ministerial work force), urging that they "should have their own share of responsibility and participation in the community life of society and likewise of the church."
The U.S. Catholic bishops' 1986 pastoral letter Pastoral letters are open letters addressed by a bishop to the clergy or laity of his diocese, or to both, containing either general admonition, instruction or consolation, or directions for behaviour in particular circumstances. , "Economic Justice for All," boldly applied the synodal teaching to the American scene.
The bishops called upon Catholics to increase their voluntary contributions to the church so that it can provide just wages and benefits for those whom it employs.
They also addressed the issue of unionization. "All church institutions," they wrote, "must also fully recognize and bargain collectively with the institution through whatever association or organization they freely choose."
This principle is also flagrantly violated by those religious women who administer hospitals in a manner worthy of the worst antiunion businessmen of the 1930s and 1940s.
With too few exceptions, the scandalous behavior of these hospital administrators seems to have escaped public criticism from other religious women who are otherwise sensitive to justice issues in the church. Perhaps some of them have forgotten that most of those who work in Catholic hospitals in menial MENIAL. This term is applied to servants who live under their master's roof Vide stat. 2 H. IV., c. 21. , law-paying jobs are women struggling to make a living for themselves and their children.
Indeed, the bishops call upon us to be "particularly alert to the continuing discrimination against women throughout church and society, especially reflected in both the inequities of salaries between women and men and the concentration of women in jobs at the lower end of the wage scale."
But for many church employees, these are nice-sounding but hollow words because they have never been enforced. And they have never been enforced because of the bishops' unwritten code that each bishop, in his own diocese, is a law unto himself, subject only to the Vatican.
The code is wrong at its very core. Each bishop, like every other Christian, is subject first, last and always to the gospel. When an injustice is committed against the church, diocesan boundaries are of no account. Conscience alone matters.
In the end, it's all a matter of sacramentality. The church has to practice what it preaches.
Labor Day is as good a time as any to remind ourselves of that.
Fr. Richard McBrien teaches theology at Notre Dame University.