Early intervention: a national overview.
On October 8, 1986, P.L. (Public Law) 99-457, amendments to the Education of the Handicapped Act (EHA EHA European Hematology Association
EHA Economic History Association
EHA Emmanuel Hospital Association
EHA Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975
EHA Empty Homes Agency
EHA English Hockey Association
EHA Electrohydrostatic Actuator ) became law. These amendments included a national reform agenda for increased and improved services for young children with special needs--birth to six years--and their families. This agenda was fueled by the needs of these children and by the documented benefits of early intervention ear·ly intervention
n. Abbr. EI
A process of assessment and therapy provided to children, especially those younger than age 6, to facilitate normal cognitive and emotional development and to prevent developmental disability or delay. and preschool services. The legislation also recognized the unique role of families by mandating services not only to children with disabilities, but also to their families. In October 1991, this reform agenda was updated through amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
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that began in 1986. All states currently provide services to young children with disabilities and their families. For children in the age range of birth to three, almost 40 states now provide an entitlement to early intervention services. All states ensure the provision of public educational services to all eligible three- through five-year-olds.
Three major portions of IDEA--Part H, Section 619 and EEPCD--have been particularly important to the expansion and improvement of services to young children with disabilities.
Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities (Part H)
Part H of IDEA--a 1986 amendment to was then known as EHA--was a major of federal legislation dealing with services to the very youngest children with disabilities. Part H did not require states to provide early intervention to children from birth to age three, but it offered assistance to states (or territories) that were interested in serving this age group. Under Part H, participating states received federal help in planning and implementing systems of comprehensive, multi- disciplinary, interagency in·ter·a·gen·cy
Involving or representing two or more agencies, especially government agencies. programs for all eligible young children and their families.
Part H requires that statewide service-delivery systems fit each state's unique needs and characteristics. Participating states are asked to work with local communities in designing a family-centered, collaborative, culturally competent and high quality service system. Each governor must designate a lead agency within the state government to plan and oversee the operation of this systems. This lead agency is advised and assisted by a governor-appointed Interagency Coordinating Council (ICC ICC
See: International Chamber of Commerce ) representing various agencies, service providers, universities and parents.
Preschoolers with Disabilities (Part B/Section 619)
Section 619 of IDEA (an amendment to a previous portion of Part B of the EHA) created greater funding incentives to states to provide a "free appropriate public education" to all eligible three- through five-year-old children with disabilities by the 1991-92 school year. Family services and programming variations are encouraged. In addition, all other requirements of a state's Part B plan for special education and related services--Individualized Education Program (IEP IEP
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The currency market, also known as the Foreign Exchange market, is the largest financial market in the world, with a daily average volume of over US $1 trillion. ), due process, and Least Restrictive Environment As part of the U.S. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the least restrictive environment is identified as one of the six principles that govern the education of students with disabilities. (LRE LRE Long-Reach Ethernet
LRE Least Restrictive Environment
LRE Law-Related Education
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LRE Launch and Recovery Element
LRE Latest Revised Estimate
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LRE Low Bit-Rate Encoding )--must be met.
Early Education Program for Children with Disabilities (EEPCD)
EEPCD expanded EHA projects known as the Handicapped Children's Early Education Program. Today, there are over 130 EEPCD projects nationwide. These projects include model/demonstration programs, research institutes, inservice training projects, outreach programs and technical assistance. Together, these projects seek to provide information on effective programs and techniques, demonstrate collaboration and inter-project networking and expand the quality and quantity of services to young children.
Programs across the country are using a variety of collaborative and creative strategies to meet the challenges posed by the Part H and Section 619 of the IDEA legislation. For example, all states have or are developing:
* Coordination plans and agreements with other federal programs serving children and families;
* Policies regarding eligibility, individualized in·di·vid·u·al·ize
tr.v. in·di·vid·u·al·ized, in·di·vid·u·al·iz·ing, in·di·vid·u·al·iz·es
1. To give individuality to.
2. To consider or treat individually; particularize.
3. service plans, service coordination service coordination Case management, see there , transitions, least restrictive/most natural environments, procedural safeguards, child identification, health care and diversity;
* Ways to coordinate multiple funding sources to enable their systems to operate effectively and efficiently;
* Broad dissemination of information on successful programs and procedures that will benefit services to children and families;
* A high level of volunteer and collaborative participation, including involvement in the State Interagency Coordinating Council, the council task forces and its committees and local and regional activities;
* Methods to ensure that all professional personnel-- early interventionists, teachers, occupational and physical therapists, speech pathologists, psychologists and nurses--are qualified; and
* Public awareness programs, especially related to child identification activities.
Through IDEA, Congress has established a national reform agenda that seeks to expand the opportunities of early intervention and preschool services to more young children with disabilities and their families. IDEA aims to enhance child development, minimize the likelihood of institutionalization Institutionalization
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Pascal Trobanis, Ph.D., is director of the National Early Childhood Technical Assistance System (NEC (NEC Corporation, Tokyo, www.nec.com, www.necus.com) An electronics conglomerate known in the U.S. for its monitors. In Japan, it had the lion's share of the PC market until the late 1990s (see PC 98).
NEC was founded in Tokyo in 1899 as Nippon Electric Company, Ltd. *TAS TAS
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2. true airspeed ) of the Frank Porter Graham Frank Porter Graham (14 October 1886 - 16 February 1972) was a Democratic U.S. Senator from the U.S. state of North Carolina.
Born in Fayetteville in south central North Carolina in 1886, Graham graduated from the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill in 1909. Child Development Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is a public, coeducational, research university located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States. Also known as The University of North Carolina, Carolina, North Carolina, or simply UNC . For more than 20 years, he has been involved in a variety of efforts to improve and expand services for young children with special needs and their families.