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Draft declaration: from the open-ended meeting of the Presiding Officers of the ECLAC sessional Ad Hoc Committee on Population and Development, Santiago, Chile, March 10-11, 2004.



The countries participating in the open-ended meeting of the Presiding Officers of the sessional Ad Hoc Committee ad hoc committee A committee formed with the purpose of addressing a specific issue or issues, which theoretically is disbanded once its raison d'etre is finished  on Population and Development of the Economic Commission for Latin America Noun 1. Economic Commission for Latin America - the commission of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations that is concerned with economic development in Latin America  and the Caribbean, gathered in Santiago, Chile Santiago, officially Santiago de Chile (Spanish: ), is the capital of Chile, and the center of its largest conurbation (Greater Santiago). , on 10 and 11 March 2004,

Recalling the Latin American and Caribbean Consensus on Population and Development adopted in Mexico City Mexico City
 Spanish Ciudad de México

City (pop., 2000: city, 8,605,239; 2003 metro. area est., 18,660,000), capital of Mexico. Located at an elevation of 7,350 ft (2,240 m), it is officially coterminous with the Federal District, which occupies 571 sq mi
 in 1993, the Latin American and Caribbean Regional Plan of Action on Population and Development of 1994, the Caribbean Plan of Action on Population and Development in follow-up to the International Conference on Population and Development The United Nations coordinated an International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, Egypt from 5-13 September 1994. Its resulting Programme of Action is the steering document for the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).  adopted in Nassau, Bahamas For other uses of "Nassau", see Nassau (disambiguation).
Nassau is the capital city and commercial center of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas. The city has a population of 210,832 (2000 census), nearly 70 percent of the entire population of the Bahamas (303,611).
, in May 1995 and the United Nations Millennium Declaration The Millennium Declaration is a United Nations General Assembly Resolution adopted at the 8th plenary of the Millennium Summit meeting on 8 September 2000.[1]  adopted in 2000,

Taking into account its resolution 536(XXV), by which the Commission established the sessional Ad Hoc Committee on Population and Development of this Economic Commission, and resolution 556(XXVI), in which the Commission requested that the Presiding Officers of the Ad Hoc Committee on Population and Development, while maintaining ongoing contact with the secretariat, take responsibility for the follow-up of the Regional Plan of Action during the periods between sessions,

Recalling also the resolution on priorities for the implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development adopted by the Presiding Officers of the Ad Hoc Committee on Population and Development at the open-ended meeting held in Santiago, Chile, in December 1998 and resolution 590(XXIX) of the Commission on priority activities in the field of population and development for the period 2002-2004, adopted in Brasilia, Brazil, in May 2002,

Bearing in mind that 2004 marks the tenth anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development, held in Cairo, Egypt, in 1994, and of the adoption of its Programme of Action,

Welcoming the Declaration of the Caribbean Subregional Meeting to Assess the Implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development 10 Years after its Adoption, as adopted by the Caribbean Development and Cooperation Committee in Port of Spain Port of Spain, city (1990 pop. 50,878), capital of Trinidad and Tobago, on the Gulf of Paria. It is the industrial and commercial center of the country. From 1958 to 1962, Port of Spain was the capital of the dissolved Federation of the West Indies; in 2005 it became , Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago (trĭn`ĭdăd, təbā`gō), officially Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, republic (2005 est. pop. 1,088,000), 1,980 sq mi (5,129 sq km), West Indies. The capital is Port of Spain. , on 12 November 2003,

Welcoming with satisfaction the report entitled "Commemoration of the tenth anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development: Actions undertaken to implement the Programme of Action of the Conference in Latin America Latin America, the Spanish-speaking, Portuguese-speaking, and French-speaking countries (except Canada) of North America, South America, Central America, and the West Indies.  and the Caribbean,"

1. Reaffirm the commitment of the countries of the region to the principles, objectives and actions contained in the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and in the document "Key actions for the further implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development," which grew out of the process involved in reviewing and appraising the implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development five years after its adoption, particularly with respect to the inclusion of population and poverty issues in policies on development, reproductive health Within the framework of WHO's definition of health[1] as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, reproductive health, or sexual health/hygiene  and rights, gender equality and equity and the empowerment of women;

2. Recognize that the implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference and of the key actions is essential for the achievement of internationally agreed development goals, including those contained in the Millennium Declaration;

3. Welcome with satisfaction the steps taken by the countries of the region to make progress in fulfilling the objectives and goals of the Programme of Action, particularly in the areas of population and development, reproductive health and rights, the empowerment of women and gender equality; voice their concern about the negative social effects of structural adjustment policies, one of whose dimensions is the fragmentation of social policies, and about heavy debt service obligations, as well as about the persistence of high poverty levels and sharp inequalities in the region associated with gender, race, indigenous origin and ethnicity, which threaten the construction of inclusive and equitable development models; and urge the countries of the region to implement social and economic policies aimed at reducing poverty and inequality so that the poorest groups can benefit from the measures adopted within the framework of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and internationally agreed development goals, including those contained in the Millennium Declaration;

4. Urge the countries of the region to intensify their efforts in the following areas by means of the following actions:

(i) Millennium Development Goals “MDG” redirects here. For other uses, see MDG (disambiguation).

The Millennium Development Goals are eight goals that 192 United Nations member states have agreed to try to achieve by the year 2015.
, International Conference on Population and Development and key actions: to strive to ensure that national and regional development policies and plans for poverty eradication, within the framework of internationally agreed development goals, including those contained in the Millennium Declaration, incorporate the objectives, goals and indicators of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the key actions, especially with regard to reproductive health; and to include income, ethnic, racial, indigenous origin, gender and age-based disparities in national and regional indicators used to monitor and follow up on the Goals;

(ii) Gender equity and women's rights The effort to secure equal rights for women and to remove gender discrimination from laws, institutions, and behavioral patterns.

The women's rights movement began in the nineteenth century with the demand by some women reformers for the right to vote, known as suffrage, and
: to strengthen institutional mechanisms for eliminating the persistent discrimination against women in all sectors and to develop policies and programmes to support gender equity and to promote the exercise of women's rights;

(iii) Population, development and the environment: to incorporate demographic considerations into sustainable development Sustainable development is a socio-ecological process characterized by the fulfilment of human needs while maintaining the quality of the natural environment indefinitely. The linkage between environment and development was globally recognized in 1980, when the International Union  strategies, public policy and national and local environmental management plans while ensuring coordination among the relevant institutions;

(iv) International migration: to increase knowledge about factors involved in migration and its implications, especially as they relate to poverty, family break-up and the brain drain brain drain
n.
The loss of skilled intellectual and technical labor through the movement of such labor to more favorable geographic, economic, or professional environments.
; to promote cooperation among countries of origin, transit and destination for international migratory movements in order to enhance their positive effects and promote respect for the human rights of migrants and their families through compliance with the international instruments now in force; and to adopt measures to prevent all forms of trafficking in persons and smuggling smuggling, illegal transport across state or national boundaries of goods or persons liable to customs or to prohibition. Smuggling has been carried on in nearly all nations and has occasionally been adopted as an instrument of national policy, as by Great Britain  of migrants for purposes of sexual exploitation, especially women, girls and boys;

(v) Adolescents and youth: to reiterate the strategic importance of fostering quality public education as a vehicle for upward social mobility in promoting productive employment and heightening its contribution to the reduction of poverty; and to recognize, promote and protect the right of adolescents and young people to access information, education and user-friendly sexual and reproductive health services, safeguarding the right of adolescents and youth to privacy, confidentiality and informed consent, and involving them in the design, execution and evaluation of these programmes;

(vi) Ageing: to ensure that all levels of government take into account, in their medium- and long-term socioeconomic planning, the increasing number and proportion of elderly people by designing and implementing policies and actions to improve their economic security and access to comprehensive health services health services Managed care The benefits covered under a health contract  that are suited to their needs while fostering the creation of enabling physical and social environments within a framework of equal rights and gender equity;

(vii) Families: to recognize the equality of women and men and to respect human rights and the fundamental freedoms of all family members; to continue to formulate policies and programmes to support families in their various forms, including single-parent families; and to facilitate the fulfillment by mothers and fathers of their responsibilities in the care and upbringing of their sons and daughters;

(viii) Reproductive rights Reproductive rights or procreative liberty is what supporters view as human rights in areas of sexual reproduction. Advocates of reproductive rights support the right to control one's reproductive functions, such as the rights to reproduce (such as opposition to forced : to review and implement legislation guaranteeing the responsible exercise of reproductive rights and non-discriminatory access to health services, including sexual and reproductive health, and to incorporate information on the promotion of reproductive rights and respect for such rights in national reports, including the report submitted to the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women;

(ix) Sexual and reproductive health: to incorporate public policies in health-sector reforms that promote the exercise of reproductive rights and ensure the provision of comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services that strive to ensure universal access to the widest possible range of family planning family planning

Use of measures designed to regulate the number and spacing of children within a family, largely to curb population growth and ensure each family’s access to limited resources.
 methods, and to strive to ensure the expansion of comprehensive, quality sexual and reproductive health care, particularly for the poorest sectors, indigenous peoples The term indigenous peoples has no universal, standard or fixed definition, but can be used about any ethnic group who inhabit the geographic region with which they have the earliest historical connection.  and social groups excluded on the basis of their ethnicity, age or social condition;

(x) HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome : to intensify efforts to prevent, diagnose and treat sexually transmitted infections, particularly HIV/AIDS, within the context of sexual and reproductive health; to ensure access to effective treatment, including for pregnant women living with HIV HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), either of two closely related retroviruses that invade T-helper lymphocytes and are responsible for AIDS. There are two types of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is responsible for the vast majority of AIDS in the United States.  and their children to reduce vertical transmission of the virus; to guarantee access for young and adult men and women to information, education and the services required to develop the skills to prevent HIV infection; and to provide, insofar in·so·far  
adv.
To such an extent.

Adv. 1. insofar - to the degree or extent that; "insofar as it can be ascertained, the horse lung is comparable to that of man"; "so far as it is reasonably practical he should practice
 as possible, access to diagnostic services diagnostic services,
n.pl the imaging and laboratory capabilities available for determining the cause of an illness.
 and treatment free of charge to persons living with HIV/AIDS while ensuring their privacy, confidentiality and freedom from discrimination;

(xi) Maternal and neonatal mortality Noun 1. neonatal mortality - the death rate during the first 28 days of life
neonatal mortality rate

death rate, deathrate, fatality rate, mortality rate, mortality - the ratio of deaths in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 per year
: to redouble re·dou·ble  
v. re·dou·bled, re·dou·bling, re·dou·bles

v.tr.
1. To double.

2. To repeat.

3. Games To double the doubling bid of (an opponent) in bridge.

v.
 efforts to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity through basic services basic services,
n.pl frequently insurance companies split dental procedures into basic and major categories. Basic services usually consist of diagnostic, preventive, and routine restorative dental services.
 and comprehensive reproductive health care, taking into consideration the multiple factors contributing to maternal morbidity and mortality Morbidity and Mortality can refer to:
  • Morbidity & Mortality, a term used in medicine
  • Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, a medical publication
See also
  • Morbidity, a medical term
  • Mortality, a medical term
, including lack of access to family planning and proper essential obstetric ob·stet·ric or ob·stet·ri·cal
adj.
Of or relating to the profession of obstetrics or the care of women during and after pregnancy.



obstetrical, obstetric

pertaining to or emanating from obstetrics.
 care, and the factors referred to in paragraph 63 of "Key actions for the further implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development";

(xii) Infant mortality (hardware) infant mortality - It is common lore among hackers (and in the electronics industry at large) that the chances of sudden hardware failure drop off exponentially with a machine's time since first use (that is, until the relatively distant time at which enough mechanical : to increase actions to reduce high rates of infant mortality in the framework of primary health care, facilitating access to comprehensive reproductive health, child health and nutrition programmes;

(xiii) Violence against women: to intensify efforts to prevent and eliminate violence against women and girls, including sexual violence and abuse and violence within the family;

(xiv) Reporting and research: to assign priority to the collection and dissemination of statistical data, particularly continuous data disaggregated Broken up into parts.  by age, sex, race, ethnicity and other variables of national interest, and to foster applied research to ensure the implementation and follow-up of the progress made in the Programme of Action by strengthening the relevant institutions and allocating sufficient financial resources;

5. Recognize the crucial role that non-governmental organizations have played in the implementation of the Programme of Action and the key actions, and urge the countries to build and maintain partnerships with non-governmental organizations while respecting their autonomy;

6. Reiterate the importance of promoting and institutionalizing a national mechanism and a system of indicators in each country to strive to ensure follow-up to the Programme of Action and the key actions at the national and regional level within the framework for the follow-up to internationally-agreed development goals, including those contained in the Millennium Declaration;

7. Request that the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and the United Nations Population Fund The United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) began funding population programs in 1969. It was renamed the United Nations Population Fund in 1987, but kept its original abbreviation.  prepare a proposal for a regional strategy for meeting the need for trained human resources in the area of population and development and that this proposal be submitted to the Ad Hoc Committee at its next meeting, to be held in June 2004 in San Juan, Puerto Rico San Juan (IPA: [saŋ hwaŋ]) (from the Spanish San Juan Bautista, "Saint John the Baptist") is the capital and largest municipality on Puerto Rico. ;

8. Recognize the efforts of the countries of the region and the strategic support provided by international cooperation in support of the implementation of the Programme of Action and the key actions; call for the intensification of the allocation of national resources to accelerate the achievement of the objectives and goals of the Programme of Action and key actions; observe with concern the decrease in financial support for the region; and request the international community to implement the consensus of the International Conference on Financing for Development, held in Monterrey in 2002, to promote the growth of financial flows to the region and adequate funding to accelerate the implementation of the Programme of Action and the key actions within the framework of efforts to combat poverty and inequality;

9. Express gratitude to the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and the United Nations Population Fund for the support they provide to the countries of the region in the implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the key actions, and invite the United Nations system to continue supporting the countries in the implementation of the Programme of Action and the key actions;

10. Adopt this declaration in commemoration of the tenth anniversary of the International Conference and request that the Chair of the Ad Hoc Committee present the results of this meeting to the Commission on Population and Development The Commission on Population and Development is one of the ten Functional Commissions of the United Nations Economic and Social Council. At its establishment by ECOSOC in October 1946, the Commission's name was "Population Commission  at its thirty-seventh session, to be held at United Nations Headquarters from 22 to 26 March 2004, and to the Ad Hoc Committee, which is to meet in San Juan, Puerto Rico, on 29 and 30 June 2004.

Pre- and Post-Abortion Care

ICPD ICPD International Conference on Population and Development
ICPD Institute for Counselling and Personal Development (Northern Ireland)
ICPD Institute for Conflict Management Peace and Development
ICPD International Conference on the Prevention of Dementia
+5: Key actions for the further implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, C. Reducing maternal mortality and morbidity, paragraph 63,

(i) In no case should abortion be promoted as a method of family planning. All Governments and relevant intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations are urged to strengthen their commitment to women's health Women's Health Definition

Women's health is the effect of gender on disease and health that encompasses a broad range of biological and psychosocial issues.
, to deal with the health impact of unsafe abortion as a major public-health concern and to reduce the recourse to abortion through expanded and improved family planning services. Prevention of unwanted pregnancies must always be given the highest priority, and every attempt should be made to eliminate the need for abortion. Women who have unwanted pregnancies should have ready access to reliable information and compassionate counselling. Any measures or changes related to abortion within the health system can be determined only at the national or local level according to the national legislative process. In circumstances where abortion is not against the law, such abortion should be safe. In all cases, women should have access to quality services for the management of complications arising from abortion. Post-abortion counselling, education and family planning services should be offered promptly, which will also help to avoid repeat abortions;

(ii) Governments should take appropriate steps to help women to avoid abortion, which in no case should be promoted as a method of family planning, and in all cases provide for the humane treatment and counselling of women who have had recourse to abortion;

(iii) In recognizing and implementing the above and in circumstances where abortion is not against the law, health systems should train and equip health-service providers and should take other measures to ensure that such abortion is safe and accessible. Additional measures should be taken to safeguard women's health.
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Title Annotation:News And Meetings
Publication:Women's Health Journal
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jan 1, 2004
Words:2352
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