Does race figure in maternal and infant death?
On February 20, 2003, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), agency of the U.S. Public Health Service since 1973, with headquarters in Atlanta; it was established in 1946 as the Communicable Disease Center. issued a press release stating that black women are four times more likely to die from pregnancy or childbirth than white women. During the nine-year study period, the pregnancy-related mortality ratio for black women was 30.0 deaths per 100,000 live births, compared to 8.1 for white women. Pregnancy-related mortality has the largest racial disparity of any maternal and child health indicators, persisting for more than 60 years.
The pregnancy-related mortality ratio for all women was 11.8 deaths per 100,000 live births, which is well above the nation's Healthy People 2010 goal of no more than 3.3 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. In terms of maternal mortality, the United States ranks fourteenth among "civilized nations," with only Spain and Belgium having a higher death rate.
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC See Control Data, century date change and Back Orifice.
CDC - Control Data Corporation ) determined that women who had no prenatal care prenatal care,
n the health care provided the mother and fetus before childbirth. were three to four times more likely to die than those who received care and the rate was higher for black women. Interestingly, birth defects are the leading cause of infant mortality on a national level, but for black infants the leading cause of death is low birth weight and other prematurity complications.
In the fall of 2003, a symposium, titled Autumn in New York Autumn in New York may refer to;
The Albert Einstein College of Medicine (AECOM) is a graduate school of Yeshiva University. It is a private medical school located in the Jack and Pearl Resnick Campus of Yeshiva University in the Morris Park and the March of Dimes
The ratio of the number of deaths in the first year of life to the number of live births occurring in the same population during the same period of time. for black infants was 13.3 per 1,000 live births, far exceeding the Healthy People goal of 4.5 per 1,000 for the year 2010.
Dr. Haywood Brown of Duke University's School of Medicine also attended the symposium and showed that some of these racial disparities are correlated with geography. In the District of Columbia District of Columbia, federal district (2000 pop. 572,059, a 5.7% decrease in population since the 1990 census), 69 sq mi (179 sq km), on the east bank of the Potomac River, coextensive with the city of Washington, D.C. (the capital of the United States). , Mississippi, Oregon, Iowa, and Texas there were higher rates of low birth weight babies among black women. Dr. Brown theorized that these higher rates could have something to do with higher stress levels.
Dr. Brown believes that these growing disparities in health outcomes for black women point to failures in our healthcare system. He feels the solution is not only to improve access to existing services, but also to tailor them to better fit the needs of black women and their families.
--Obstetrics & Gynecology, February, 2003