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Diversity and distribution of floral scent.

Appendix II: List of taxa

Taxonomic names are cited as they appear in the reviewed papers, and only obvious orthographic mistakes have been corrected. No taxonomic evaluations of the usage of names have been made, and no author names have been added if such are lacking in the original papers. Numbers within square brackets refer to reference numbers in Appendix III.
ALISMATALES
 Araceae
 Amorphophallus albispathus Hett. [133,
 134]
 A. albus Liu & Wei. [133, 134]
 A. annulifer Hett. [133, 134]
 A. arnautovii Hett. [133, 134]
 A. brachyphyllus Hett. [133, 134]
 A. bulbifer Blume [133, 134]
 A. cicatricifer Hett. [133, 134]
 A. eichleri (Engl.) N. E. Br. [133, 134]
 A. elatus Hook. f. [133, 134]
 A. fallax (syn. Pseudodracontium fallax
 Serebr.) [133, 134]
 A. glossophyllus Hett. [133, 134]
 A. haernatospadix Hook. f. [133, 134]
 A. konjac K. Koch [133, 134]
 A. lacourii (Lind. & Andre) N. E. Br. (syn.
 Pseudodracontium lacourii (Lind. &
 Andre) N. E. Br.) [133, 134]
 A. margaritifer (Roxb.) Kunth [133, 134]
 A. maximus (Engl.) N. E. Br. [133, 134]
 A. opertus Hett. [133]
 A. paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson [133,
 134]
 A. prainii Hook. f. [133, 134]
 A. sagittarius van Steenis [133, 134]
 A. titanum (Becc.) Becc. ex Arcang. [133,
 134]
 A. zenkeri N. E. Br. [133]
 Anthurium antioquiense [146]
 A. armeniense [146]
 A. fragrantissimum [146]
 A. lindennum [146]
 A. ochranthum C. Koch [146, 252]
 A. roseospadix [146]
 Arisaema ciliatum [262]
 A. erubescens [262]
 A. lobatum [262]
 A. speciosum [262]
 A. tortuosum [262]
 Arum apulum (Carano) P. C. Boyce [133]
 A. creticum Boiss. & Held. [133]
 A. cyrenaicum Hruby [133]
 A. dioscoridis Sibth. & Sm. [133, 230]
 A. idaeum Coust. & Gandoger [133]
 A. italicum Mill. [133, 230]
 A. maculatum L. [129, 133]
 A. nigrum Schott [133]
 A. palaestinum Boiss. [133]
 A. purpureospathum P. C. Boyce [133]
 A. rupicola Boiss. [133]
 Dracunculus vulgaris Schott [230]
 Helicodiceros muscivorus (L. f.) Engl.
 [130]
 Hydrosme rivieri (Durieu) Engl. [230, 231]
 Peltandra virginica Kunth [205, 206]
 Sauromatum guttatum Schott [26, 86, 229,
 230]
 Spathiphyllum cannaefolium (Dryand.) Schott
 [77, 152]
 S. floribundum [152, 258]
 S. ortgiesii Regel [77]
 S. walisii Regel [77]

APIALES
 Apiaceae
 Aegopodium podagraria [31]
 Angelica archangelica L. ssp. arehangelica
 [246]
 A. archangelica L. ssp. litoralis (Fr.) Thell
 [246]
 A. silvestris L. [246]
 Anthriscus sylvestris [31]
 Carum carvi [31]
 Conopodium majus (Gouan) Loret [242]
 Heracleum sibiricum [31]
 Laserpitium latifolium [31]
 Pastinaca sativa [31]
 Pseudocymopterus montanus [217]
 Pittosporaceae
 Pittosporum tobira Ait. [107, 108]

ARECALES
 Arecaceae
 Aiphanes minima (Gaertn.) Burret [143]
 Ammandra decasperma [68]
 Aphandra natalia [68]
 Asterogyne martiana (H. Wendl.) H. Wendl.
 ex Hemsl. [137]
 Bactris gasipaes H.B.K. [143]
 Calyptrogyne costatifrons (L.H. Bailey)
 Nevers [137]
 C. ghiesbreghtiana (Linden & H. Wendl.) H.
 Wendl. [21, 94, 137]
 Ceroxylon alpinum Bonpl. ex DC. [143]
 Chamaedorea linearis (R. & P.) Mart. [143]
 C. tepejilote Lieb. [118, 119, 120]
 Chelyocarpus ulei Dammer [143]
 Geonoma brongniartii Mart. [137]
 G. congesta H. Wendl. [137]
 G. cuneata H. Wendl. ex Spruce var. cuneata
 [137]
 G. cuneata H. Wendl. ex Spruce vat. procumbens
 (H. Wendl. ex Spruce) Skov [137]
 G. cuneata H. Wendl. ex Spruce var. sodiroi
 (Dammer ex Burret) Skov [137]
 G. irena Borchs. [137]
 G. longepedunculata Burret [137]
 G. macrostachys Mart. var. macrostachys
 [137, 143, 145]
 G. maxima (Poit.) Kunth [137]
 G. orbignyana Mart. [137]
 G. poeppigiana Mart. [137]
 G. polyandra Skov [137, 143]
 G. stricta (Poit.) Kunth var. stricta [137]
 G. stricta (Poit.) Kunth var. piscicauda
 (Dammer) Hend. [137]
 G. tenuissima H. E. Moore [137]
 G. triglochin Burret [137, 143]
 G. undata Klotsch. [137, 143]
 Geonoma sp. [137]
 Iriartea deltoidea R. & R [143]
 Mauritia flexuosa L. f. [143]
 Nypa fruticans (Thunb.) Wurmb. [10]
 Pholidostachys synanthera (Mart.) H.E.
 Moore [137]
 Phytelephas aequatorialis Spruce [68]
 P. macrocarpa R. & P. ssp. tenuicaulis Barfod
 [68]
 P. seemannii O. F. Cook [68]
 Prestoea schultzeana (Burret) H.E. Moore
 [143]
 Welfia regia H. Wendl. ex Andre [137]
 Wettinia kalbreyeri (Burret) R. Bernal [143]
 W. maynensis Spruce [143]

ASPARAGALES
 Agavaceae
 Agave americana L. [142]
 Polianthes tuberosa L. [108, 115, 178]
 Alliaceae
 Allium schoenoprasum L. [193]
 A. ursinum [36]
 Amaryllidaceae
 Crinum asiaticum var. japonicum [175]
 Hippeastrum calyptratum [21, 79, 94]
 Narcissus assoanus Dufour ssp. assoanus
 [63]
 N. assoanus Dufour ssp. praelongus A. Barra
 & G. Lopez [63]
 N. bugei (Fernandez-Casas) Fernandez-Casas
 [63]
 N. bulbocodium L. [63]
 N. cuatrecasasii Fernandez-Casas, Lainz &
 Ruiz Rejon [63]
 N. gaditanus Boiss & Reuter [63]
 N. jonquilla L. [63]
 N. papyraceus Ker-Gawler [63]
 N. poeticus L. [107]
 N. pseudonarcissus L. [232, 233]
 N. serotinus L. [63]
 N. tazetta [177]
 N. tazetta var. chinensis [6]
 N. triandrus L. [63]
 N. triandrus L. ssp. pallidus (Graells) Rivas
 Goday ex Fernandez-Casas [63]
 Hemerocallidaceae
 Hemerocallis minor [33]
 Hemerocallis sp. [33]
 Hyacinthaceae
 Hyacinthus orientalis hort. [38, 115, 150]
 Hyacinthus sp. [123]
 Iridaceae
 Freesia hybrida hort. [115]
 E refracta x armstrongii [150, 178]
 Freesia sp. [178]
 Iris germanica [115]
Orchidaceae
 Acacallis cyanea Lindl. [77]
 Acineta chrysantha Lindl. & Paxt. [259]
 A. superba (H.B.K.) Rchb. f. [77, 117]
 Aerangis appendiculata [117]
 A. biloba [117]
 A. brachycarpa [116, 117]
 A. confusa [116, 117]
 A. distincta [117]
 A. fastuosa [117]
 A. friesiorum [113, 115]
 A. kirkii [116, 117]
 A. kotschyana [116, 117]
 A. modesta [118]
 A. somalensis [117]
 Aeranthes grandiflora [117]
 Aerides crassifolia [117]
 A. fieldingii [117]
 A. jackianum [118, 119]
 A. lawrenceae [117]
 Aganisia pulchella Lindl. [77]
 Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) Rich. [5]
 Ancistrochilus rothschildianus [117]
 Angraecopsis amaniensis [117]
 Angraecum aporoides [117]
 A. bosseri [116, 117]
 A. compactum [115]
 A. eburneum Bory [116, 117, 181]
 A. eichlerianum Kraenzl. [117, 181]
 A. girymae Rendle [117, 181]
 A. magdalenae Schltr. & Perr. [181]
 A. sesquipedale Thours [113, 115, 116, 117,
 181]
 Angraecum x orchidglade [181]
 Angraecum x veitchii [181]
 Anguloa cliftonii Rolfe [97, 256]
 A. clowesii Lindl. [117, 256]
 A. uniflora R. & P. [77, 256]
 A. virginalis Lindl. [77]
 Ansellia gigantea [120]
 Aspasia epidendroides [258]
 A. principissa [258]
 A. variegata Lindl. [254, 258]
 Bifrenaria fuerstembergiana Schltr. & Perr.
 [77]
 B. thyrianthina (Loud.] Rchb. f. [77]
 B. wittigii (Rchb. f.) Hoehne [77]
 Bollea coelestis [116, 117]
 Brassavola acaulis Lindl. [97, 255]
 B. cordata Lindl. [255]
 B. digbyana Lindl. [97, 115, 117, 255]
 B. flagillaris [118, 121]
 B. glauca Lindl. [97, 115, 117, 255]
 B. grandiflora Lindl. [255]
 B. martiana Lindl. [255]
 B. nodosa (L.) Lindl. [97, 117, 255]
 B. perrinii Lindl. [97, 255]
 B. tuberculata [117]
 Brassavola sp. [258]
 Brassia verucosa [117]
 Bulbophyllum involutum [227]
 B. ipanemense [227]
 B. lobbii [117]
 B. weddellii [227]
 Catasetum atraturn Lindl. [98]
 C. barbatum Lindl. [97, 98]
 C. aff. barbatum Lindl. [98]
 C. bicolor Klotzsch [98]
 C. callosum Lindl. [97, 98]
 C. cirrhaeoides Hoehne [97, 98]
 C. collare Cogn. [97, 98]
 C. dilectum Rchb. f. [98]
 C. discolor Lindl. [97, 98, 254]
 C. expansum Rchb. f. [77, 97, 98, 254, 258]
 C. fimbriatum Lindl. [77, 97, 98]
 C. fuchsii [120]
 C. gnomus Linden ex. Rchb. f. [77, 97, 98]
 C. integerrimum Hook. [97, 98, 254, 258]
 C. longifolium Lindl. [77, 97, 98, 254, 258]
 C. luridum Lindl. [97, 98]
 C. macrocarpum L. C. Rich. [97, 98]
 C. macroglossum Rchb. f. [77, 97, 98, 254,
 258]
 C. maculatum L. C. Rich. [97, 98, 158, 254,
 258]
 C. microglossum Rolfe [97, 98]
 C. napoense Dodson [252]
 C. ochraceum Lindl. [98]
 C. pileatum Rchb. f. [97]
 C. purum Nees [252]
 C. roseum (Lindl.) Rchb. f. [97, 98]
 C. russelliana Hook. [97, 98, 258]
 C. saccatum Lindl. [77, 97, 98]
 C. splendens Cogn. [97]
 C. tabulare Lindl. [97, 98, 254]
 C. tenebrosum Kraenzl. [97, 98, 252]
 C. thylaciochilum Lemaire [98]
 C. warczewitzii Lindl. [97, 98]
 C. viridiflavum Hook. [97, 98, 117, 254,
 258]
 Catasetum sp. [95]
 Cattleya araguaiensis [117]
 C. bicolor [117]
 C. dowiana [117]
 C. labiata [115, 116, 117]
 C. lawrenceana [117]
 C. leopoldii [117]
 C. luteola [116, 117]
 C. maxima [117]
 C. percivaliana [116, 117]
 C. porphyroglossa [117]
 C. schilleriana [117]
 Caularthron bicornutum [117]
 Chaubardia heteroclita (Poepp. & Endl.)
 Dodson & Bennett [77]
 Chaubardiella hirtzii Dodson
 C. tigrina (Garay & Dunsterv.) Garay [77]
 Chondrorhyncha lendyana [117]
 Cirrhaea dependens (Lodd.) Rchb.f. [117,
 252]
 Cirrhopetalum fascinor [117]
 C. robustum [116, 117]
 Clowesia rosea Lindl. [96]
 C. russelliana [258]
 C. thylaciochila [258]
 C. warczewitzii (Lindl. & Paxt.) Dodson
 [252, 258]
 Clowesia sp. [96, 252, 258]
 Cochleanthes amazonica (Rchb. f. & Warsz.)
 Schult. & Garay [77]
 C. aromatica Rchb. f. [77, 117]
 C. discolor [117]
 C. marginata [117]
 Coeliopsis hyacinthosma Rchb. f. [77]
 Coelogyne zurowetzii [117]
 Constantia cipoensis [117]
 Coryanthes albertinae Karsten [76, 78]
 C. alborosea [76]
 C. boyi [78]
 C. bruchmuelleri Rchb. f.[117, 78]
 C. cataniapoense [78]
 C. elegantium Linden & Rchb. f. [77, 120,
 121]
 C. feildingii [78]
 C. flava Gerlach [77, 78]
 C. gernotii Gerlach & G. Romero [77, 78]
 C. horichiana Jenny [76, 78, 120]
 C. hunteriana Schltr. [76, 78]
 C. leferenziorum Gerlach [78]
 C. leucocorys Rolfe [76, 78, 117]
 C. macrantha Hook. [76, 77, 78]
 C. macrantha x hunteriana [76]
 C. mastersiana Lehm. [77, 78, 117, 120]
 C. parkeri (Hook.) Kennedy [76]
 C. picturata Rchb. f. [77, 78, 117]
 C. powellii Schltr. [76]
 C. punctata Beer [76, 77]
 C. seegeri Gerlach [76]
 C. senghasiana Gerlach [76, 77, 78]
 C. speciosa Hook. [76, 77, 78, 97]
 C. tricuspidata [78]
 C. trifoliata [76, 78]
 C. vasquezii [78]
 C. verrucolineata Gerlach [76, 77, 78]
 C. vieirae [78, 117, 120]
 Coryanthes sp. [97]
 Cycnoches aureum Lindl. [80]
 C. chlorochilon Klotz [97]
 C. densiflorum Rolfe [80, 97]
 C. dianae Rchb. f. [80]
 C. lehmannii Rchb. f. [77]
 C. loddigesii Lindl. [97, 258]
 C. stenodactylon Schltr. [80]
 C. warscewiczii Rchb. f. [97]
 Cycnoches sp. [258]
 Cymbidium canran [176]
 C. faberi [201]
 C. goeringii [116, 117]
 C. virescens [201]
 Cypripedium acaule [13]
 C. arietinum [13]
 C. calceolus L. [17, 188]
 C. calceolus L. var. parviflorum [13, 17]
 C. calceolus L. var. pubescens [13, 17]
 C. candidum [13]
 C. guttatum [13]
 C. kentuckiense [13]
 C. macranthum [13]
 C. reginae [13]
 Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soo [190]
 Dendrobium anosmum [117]
 D. antennatum [117]
 D. beckleri [117]
 D. brymerianum [117]
 D. carniferum [117]
 D. chrysotoxum [115, 117]
 D. delacourii [117]
 D. lichenastrum [117]
 D. moniliforme [117]
 D. monophyllum [117]
 D. pugioniforme [117]
 D. superbum Rchb. f. [75]
 D. trigonopus [117]
 D. unicum [117]
 D. williamsonii [117]
 D. virgineum [117]
 Dendrochilum cobbianum [117]
 Diaphananthe pellucida [117]
 D. pulchella [117]
 Dichaea muricata (Swartz.) Lindl. [77]
 D. rodriguesii [117]
 Dichaea sp. [77]
 Dipteranthus obliquus (Schnee) Garay &
 Dunsterv. [77]
 Dracula chestertonii [116, 117]
 Dressleria taggesellii Gerlach [77]
 D. dilecta (Rchb.f.) Dodson [77]
 Dryadella edwallii [117]
 Embreea rodigasiana (Claes. ex. Cogn.)
 Dodson [117, 253, 258]
 Encyclia adenocarpa [117]
 E. baculus (Rchb. f.) Dressier & Pollard [77,
 117]
 E. citrina [117]
 E. fragrans [117]
 E. glumacea [117]
 Epidendrum ciliare L. [116, 117, 121, 141,
 180]
 E. lacertinum [117]
 E. nocturnum [117]
 Epigeneium lyonii [117]
 Eria hyacinthoides [117]
 Galeandra lacustris Barb. Rodr. [77]
 Galeottia acuminata (C. Schweinf.) Dressler
 & Christenson [77]
 G. ciliata (Morel) Dressier & Christenson
 [77]
 G. fimbriata Linden & Rchb. f. [77]
 G. negrensis Schltr. [77]
 Galeottia sp. [77]
 Gongora aceras Dressier [77, 258]
 G. armeniaca Rchb. f. [97, 117, 120, 258]
 G. aromatica Rchb. f. [77]
 G. atropurpurea Hook. [77, 258]
 G. bufonia [258]
 G. cassidea Rchb. f. [97, 117, 120, 258]
 G. chocoensis Jenny [77]
 G. cruciformis Whitten & D.E. Benn. [15,
 118, 120]
 G. galeata (Lindl.) Rchb. f. [77, 97, 120]
 G. gibba [258]
 G. grossa Rchb. f. [77, 97]
 G. odoratissima [120]
 G. pseudoatropurpurea Jenny [77]
 G. quinquenervis R. & P. [77, 97, 120, 258,
 260]
 G. aft. quinquenervis R. & P. [260]
 G. saccata Rchb. f. [77]
 G. scaphephorus Rchb. f. & Warsz. [77]
 G. superflua [258]
 G. tricolor (Lindl.) Rchb. f. [252, 258]
 G. truncata [120, 258]
 G. unicolor [258]
 Gymnadenia conopea [116, 117]
 Herminium monorchis (L.) R. Br. [189]
 Himantoglossum hircinum [115, 117]
 Horichia dressleri Jenny [77]
 Houlletia clarae Schltr. [77]
 H. odoratissima Lind. ex. Lindl. & Paxt.
 [117, 120]
 H. tigrina Linden ex Lindl. [77, 97, 259]
 H. wallisii Linden & Rchb. f. [77]
 Huntleya burtii Endress & Rchb. f. [252]
 H. heteroclita [117, 120]
 H. lucida (Rolfe) Rolfe [77]
 H. meleagris [117]
 Kefersteinia auriculata Dressier [77]
 K. pellita Rchb. f. ex. Dodson & Bennett [77]
 Kegeliella houtteana (Rchb. f.) L. O. Wms.
 [77]
 Lacaena bicolor Lindl. [77]
 Laelia albida [117]
 L. anceps [117]
 L. autumnalis [117]
 L. gouldiana [117]
 L. perinii [117]
 Liparis viridiflora [117]
 Listera ovata (L.) R. Br. [191]
 Lueddemannia pescatorei (Lindl.) Lindl. &
 Rchb. f. [77, 259]
 Lycaste aromatica (Grah.) Lindl. [117, 256]
 L. ciliata (Pers.) Veitch [256]
 L. cruenta Lindl. [117, 256]
 L. deppei (Lodd.) Lindl. [77]
 L. locusta [117]
 Lycomormium fiskei Sweet [77]
 L. squalidum [259]
 Masdevallia caesia [116, 117]
 M. estradae [117]
 M. glandulosa [117]
 M. laucheana [116, 117]
 M. lehmannii Rchb. f. [77]
 M. striatella [117]
 M. tridens [117]
 Maxillaria nigrescens [117]
 M. picta Lindl. [77, 117]
 M. tenuifolia Hook. [77, 117]
 M. variabilis [117]
 Mendoncella grandiflora (A. Rich.) Hawkes
 [256]
 Miltonia regnellii [117]
 M. schroederiana [117]
 M. spectabilis [117]
 Miltoniopsis phalaenopsis [117]
 M. warscewiezii [120]
 Mormodes andreetae [120]
 M. hookeri [258]
 M. sinuatum [258]
 Mormodes sp. [77, 97, 120, 258]
 Mystacidium venosum Harv. ex Rolfe [169]
 Neofinetia falcata [100, 117, 203]
 Nigritella nigra [117]
 Notylia barkeri Lindl. [77]
 N. buchtienii Schltr. [77]
 N. latilabia Ames & C. Schweinf. [252, 254]
 Odontoglossum cirrhosum [117]
 O. constrictum Lindl. [2, 115, 117, 173]
 O. pendulum [117]
 O. pulchellum [117]
 Oncidium longipes [117]
 O. ornithorhynchum [117]
 O. sarcodes [117]
 O. tigrinum [115, 117]
 Ophrys apifera [148, 149]
 O. bertolonii [148, 149]
 O. bombyliflora Link [23, 148, 149]
 O. fuciflora (Crantz) Moench [148]
 O. fusca Link ssp. fusca [28, 148, 149]
 O. fusca Link ssp. iricolor Desf. [28]
 O. insectifera L. [16, 27, 30, 148, 149]
 O. lutea Cav. var. lutea [28, 148, 149]
 O. scolopax Cav. [148, 149]
 O. scolopax Cav. ssp. attica (Boiss. & Orph.)
 Nelson [23]
 O. scolopax Cav. ssp. cornuta (Stev.) E.G.
 Cam. [23]
 O. speculum Link [27]
 O. sphegodes [223, 224]
 O. sphecodes Mill. ssp. atrata (Lindl.) E.
 Mayer [29, 148, 149]
 O. sphecodes Mill. ssp. litigiosa (E. G. Cam.)
 Becherer [29]
 O. sphecodes Mill. ssp. provincialis Nelson
 [29]
 O. splendida Golz & Reinhard [29]
 O. tenthredinifera Willd. [23, 147, 148,
 149]
 Orchis mascula L. [192]
 O. morio L. [193]
 Paphinia grandiflora Barb. Rodr. [77,
 259]
 Peristeria cerina Lindl. [77]
 P. elata Hook. [77, 106, 117]
 P. guttata Knowl & Westc. [77]
 Pescatorea cerina [117]
 P. dayana Rchb. f. [77, 117]
 P. klabochorum Rchb. f. [77]
 P. lehmannii Rchb. f. [77, 117]
 P. wallisii Rchb. f. [77]
 Phalaenopsis bellina (Rchb. f.) Christenson
 [53]
 P. equestris Rehb. f. [8]
 P. schilleriana Rehb. f. [8]
 P. veitchiana [8]
 P. violacea [53, 117]
 Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich. [117, 194, 195,
 241, 243, 244]
 P. bifolia x chlorantha [194]
 P. chlorantha (Cust.) Reichb. [117, 187, 194,
 195, 243]
 P. mandarinorum [175]
 P. stricta Lindl. [204]
 Plectrelminthus caudatus [117]
 Polycycnis gratiosa Endres & Rchb. f. [77,
 97]
 Polystachya campyloglossa [117]
 P. cultriformis [117]
 P. fallax [117]
 P. mazumbaiensis [117]
 Rangaeris amaniensis [117]
 Rhynchostylis coelestis [117]
 Rodriguezia refracta [116, 117, 121]
 Sievekingia fimbriata Rchb. f. [77]
 S. herrenhusiana Jenny [77]
 S. reichenbachiana Rolfe [259]
 S. rhonhofiae Mansf. [77]
 S. suavis Rchb. f. [77]
 Sievekingia sp. [97]
 Stanhopea anfracta Rolfe [97, 252, 253,
 258]
 S. annulata Mansf. [77, 97, 253, 258]
 S. avicula Dressier [253]
 S. candida Barb. Rodr. [97, 253, 258]
 S. carchiensis Dodson [253]
 S. cirrhata Lindley [97]
 S. connata Klotzch [97, 253]
 S. costaricensis Rchb. f. [97, 253, 258]
 S. costaricensis x ecornuta [97]
 S. dodsoniana Salazar [253]
 S. ecornuta Lemaire [97, 253, 258]
 S. embreei Dodson [77, 253, 257, 258]
 S. florida Rchb. f. [97, 253]
 S. frymirei Dodson [253]
 S. gibbosa Rchb. f. [253, 258]
 S. grandiflora (Lindley ex. Lodd.) Lindley
 [77, 97, 253]
 S. graveolens Lindley [97, 253]
 S. guttulata Lindley [97]
 S. impressa Rolfe [77, 253, 258]
 S. inodora Lodd. ex Lindley [253]
 S. jenischiana Kramer ex Reichb. f. [117,
 253]
 S. martiana Lindley [253]
 S. nigripes Rolfe [253]
 S. oculata (Lodd.) Lindley [97, 117, 253,
 258]
 S. panamensis N.H. Williams & Whitten
 [253, 258]
 S. peruviana Rolfe [253]
 S. pozoi Dodson & D. E. Bennett [253]
 S. pulla Rchb. f. [95, 97, 253, 258]
 S. radiosa Lemaire [253]
 S. reichenbachiana Roezl. ex. Reichb. f. [97,
 253]
 S. reichenbachiana x tricornis [97]
 S. ruckeri Lindley [253, 258]
 S. saccata Bateman [97, 253]
 S. tigrina Bateman ex Lindley [97, 117, 253,
 258]
 S. tricornis Lindley [97, 253]
 S. wardii C. Lood ex Lindley [97, 253,
 258]
 S. warscewicziana Klotzch [253]
 S. xytriophora Reichb. f. [253]
 Stanhopea sp. [95, 97]
 Stenia palorae Dodson [77]
 Trevoria lehmannii Rolfe [77]
 Trichocentrum tigrinum [117]
 Trichoglottis philippinensis [117]
 Trichopilia suavis [258]
 Trixspermum arachnites [117]
 Vanda coerulescens [117]
 V. denisoniana [117]
 V. tessellata [117]
 Vandofinetia sp. [100]
 Vanilla planifolia [150]
 V. pompona [258]
 Zygopetalum crinitum Lodd. [77, 117]
 Z. mackayi [236, 258]
 Ruscaceae
 Convallaria majalis L. [113, 115, 171, 232,
 233]
 Dracaena fragrans [113, 115]
 Sansevieria cylindrica Bojer [141]

ASTERALES

 Asteraceae
 Anthemis nobilis L. [37]
 Centaurea scabiosa L. [5]
 Cichorium intybus L. [59]
 Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. [5, 55]
 Eupatorium cannabinum L. [5]
 Helianthus annuus L. [213, 214]
 Inula salicina L. [5]
 Leontopodium alpinum [65]
 Matricaria recutita L. [33, 36, 37]
 Petasites albus [36]
 Santolina chamaecyparissus [34, 37]
 Senecio articulatus Sch. Bip. [132]
 Tanacetum vulgare L. [99]

BRASSICALES

 Brassicaceae
 Arabis demissa [217]
 A. drummondii [217]
 A. holboellii [217]
 Brassica napus [22, 36, 70, 105]
 B. napus spp. oleifera [70, 221]
 B. rapa [202]
 Cleome anomala Kunth [142]
 Hesperis matronalis L. [186]
 Thlaspi montanus [217]
 Caricaceae
 Carica papaya L. [141]
 Resedaceae
 Reseda odorata [115]

CANELLALES
 Winteraceae
 Belliolum sp. [210]
 Bubbia pauciflora (Bak. f.) Dandy [210]
 Bubbia sp. [210]
 Exospermum stipitatum (Baillon) v. Tieghem
 [210, 239]
 Zygogynum baillonii v. Tieghem [210, 239]
 Z. bicolor v. Tieghem [210, 239]
 Z. mackeei Vink [210]
 Z. pomiferum (v. Tieghem) Vink [210]
 Z. viellardii Baillon [210]

CARYOPHYLLALES

 Cactaceae
 Discocactus cristallophilus Diers & E.
 Steves Pereira [125]
 D. silicicola Buining & Brederoo [125]
 Dolichothele longimamma (DC.) Br. & R.
 [115, 121, 122, 125]
 Echinopsis coronata Card. [121, 125]
 E. mamillosa Gurke [121, 125]
 Espostoa blossfeldiorum (Werd.) F. Buxb.
 [125]
 Harrisia adscendens Britton & Rose [125]
 Hylocereus polyrhizus Britton & Rose [125]
 H. venezuelensis Britton & Rose [125]
 Pereskia aculeata Mill. [121, 125]
 Pilosocereus arrabidae (Lem.) Byles &
 Rowley [125]
 P. catingicola (Gurke) Byles & Rowley
 [125]
 P. pachycladus F. Ritter [125]
 P. tweedyanus (Britton & Rose) Byles &
 Rowley [142]
 Rebutia marsoneri Werd. [122, 125]
 R. narvaecense (Card.) Donald [121, 125]
 Selenicereus grandiflorus Britton & Rose
 [125]
 S. hamatus Britton & Rose [113, 115,
 125]
 Sulcorebutia kruegeri (Card.) Ritt. [121, 122,
 125]
 Weberocereus biolleyi [21]
 W. tunilla [21, 94]
Caryophyllaceae
 Agrostemma githago L. [5]
 Dianthus armeria L. [5]
 D. caryophyllus [54]
 D. deltoides L. [5]
 D. glacialis Haenke [66]
 Silene chlorantha (Willd.) Ehrh. [112]
 S. dichotoma Ehrh. ssp. racemosa (Otth)
 Graeb. [112]
 S. flos-cuculi (L.) Greuter & Burdet [5]
 S. italica (L.) Pers. [112]
 S. latifolia Poiret ssp. alba (Mill.) Greut. and
 Burd. [112]
 S. maritima With. [141]
 S. nutans L. [112, 141]
 S. otites (L.) Wib. [112]
 S. saxifraga L. [112]
 S. sericea All. [112]
 S. subconica Friv. [112]
 S. succulenta Forssk. [112]
 S. vallesia L. [112]
 S. viscosa (L.)Pers. [112]
 S. vulgaris (Moench) Garcke [112, 141]
Nyctaginaceae
 Acleisanthes acutifolia Standl. [151]
 A. crassifolia A. Gray [151]
 A. longiflora A. Gray [151]
 A. obtusa (Choisy) Standl. [151]
 A. wrightii (A. Gray) Benth. & Hook.
 [151]
 Mirabilis alipes (S. Watson) Pilz [151]
 M. bigelovii A. Gray [151]
 M. greenei S. Watson [151]
 M. jalapa L. [151]
 M. longiflora L. [151]
 M. macfarlanei Constance & Rollins [151]
 M. multiflora (Torrey)A. Gray [151]
 M. pudica Barneby [151]
 M. triflora Benth. [151]
 Selinocarpus angustifolius Torrey [151]
 S. chenopodioides A. Gray [151]
 S. lanceolatus Wooton [151]
 S. parvifolius (Torrey) Stanley [151]
 S. purpusianus Heimerl. [151]
 S. undulatas Fowler & Turner [151]

CHLORANTHALES

 Chloranthaceae
 Chloranthus spicatus [251]

COMMELINALES

 Commelinaceae
 Cochliostema odoratissima [121]

CORNALES
 Hydrangeaceae
 Philadelphus coronarius L. [107, 108, 113,
 115]

CUCURBITALES

 Cucurbitaceae
 Cucurbita maxima Duchesne [3, 4]
 C. pepo L. [4]
 Curcumis melo [121, 261]
 Luffa acutangula [71]
 Momordica charantia [71]
 Trichosanthes kirilowii [175]

CYCADALES

 Cycadaceae
 Cycas rumphii [211]
 Zamiaceae
 Encephalartos altensteinii [211]
 Macrozamia moorei [211]
 Zamia furfuracea [211]
 Z. pumila [211]

DIPSACALES

 Adoxaceae
 Sambucus nigra L. [108, 115]
 Caprifoliaceae
 Lonicera americana [178]
 L. caprifolium L. [107, 113, 115, 121]
 L. japonica Thunb. [102, 113, 115, 124, 150,
 175]
 L. periclymenum [113, 115, 124, 150]
 Dipsacaceae
 Knautia arvensis (L.) Coulter [5, 185]
 Scabiosa columbaria L. [5]
 Linnaeaceae
 Abelia grandiflora Andre [90]
 Valerianaceae
 Centranthus ruber (L.) DC [5]
 Valeriana officinalis [33, 37]

ERICALES
 Actinidiaceae
 Actinidia chinensis Planch. [237]
 Ericaceae
 Moneses uniflora (L.) A. Gray [140]
 Pyrola grandiflora Radius [136]
 P. media Sw. [140]
 P. norvegica G. Knaben [136, 140]
 P. rotundifolia L. ssp. rotundifolia [136, 140]
 P. rotundifolia L. ssp. maritima (Kenyon)
 E. F. Warburg [136]
 Rhododendron flavum [115]
 Lecythidaceae
 Corythophora amapaensis Pires ex. Mori &
 Prance [144]
 Couratari stellata A.C. Smith [144]
 Couroupita guianensis Aublet [121, 144]
 Eschweilera coriacea (A.P. de Candolle)
 Mori [144]
 E. pedicellata (Richard) Mori [144]
 Grias neuberthii Macbr. [144]
 G. peruviana Miers [144]
 Gustavia longifolia Poeppig ex. Berg [144]
 G. serrata Mori [144]
 Lecythis confertiflora (A.C. Smith) Mori
 [144]
 L. persistens Sagot ssp. persistens [121]
 L. persistens Aublet ssp. aurantiaca Mori
 [144]
 L. pisonis Cambess. [144]
 Myrsinaceae
 Cyclamen persicum Mill. [103]
 C. persicum x purpurescens [103]
 C. purpurescens Mill. [103, 115]
 Polemoniaceae
 Cobaea scandens Cav. [21, 94, 142]
 Phlox bryoides [217]
 P. drummondii Hook. [5]
 P. paniculata L. [5, 232, 233]
 Phlox sp. [234]
 Primulaceae
 Primula Jarinosa L. [5]
 P. veris L. [36, 190]
 Sapotaceae
 Mimusops elengi L. [263]
 Theaceae
 Camellia japonica L. [200]
 C. sasanqua Thunb. [200]
 C. vernalis [200]
 Theophrastaceae
 Clavija euerganea Macbr. [139]
 C. repanda Stahl [139]
 Deherainia smaragdina (Planch. ex Linden)
 Decne. ssp. smaragdina [139]
 Jacquinia keyensis Mez [139]
 J. macrocarpa Cav. [139]
 J. sprucei Mez [139]
 Theophrasta americana L. [139]

FABALES

 Fabaceae
 Acacia karroo Hayne [120]
 Albizia julibrissin Durazz. [153, 175, 179]
 Anthyllis vulneraria L. [193]
 Bauhinia ungulata [21, 94]
 Browneopsis disepala (Little) Klitgaard
 [138]
 Coronilla emerus L. [107, 108]
 Dioclea reflexa [121]
 Inga marginata [121]
 Lathyrus odoratus [216]
 Lupinus polyphyllus Lindley [62]
 Medicago sativa L. [49, 156, 159, 160, 161,
 162, 163, 164]
 Parkia biglobosa Jacq. [212]
 Robinia pseudoacacia L. [107, 108, 113,
 115, 126]
 Spartium junceum L. [107, 108, 113, 115,
 119]
 Trifolium pratense L. [50, 156]
 T. repens L. [104]
 Vicia faba L. [81, 235]
 Wistaria sinensis L. [107, 108, 110]

GENTIANALES

 Apocynaceae
 Carissa macrocarpa [121]
 Cerbera odollam [121]
 Hoya carnosa R. Br. [1, 2, 113, 115, 173,
 232, 233]
 Macoubea guianensis [121]
 Plumeria alba L. [115, 141]
 Stephanotis floribunda Brongs. [2, 115, 173,
 178]
 Tabernaemontana amygdalifolia Jacq. [141]
 T. ventricosa [121]
 Trachelospermum jasminoides [108, 115]
 Gentianaceae
 Centaurium erythraea Raf. [5]
 Exacum affine Balf. f. [45]
 Rubiaceae
 Cephalanthus occidentalis L. [5]
 Coffea arabica L. [113, 115, 118, 121]
 Coussarea sp. 1 [141]
 Coussarea sp. 2 [141]
 Gardenia jasminoides Ellis [228, 249]
 G. taitensis [114, 115]
 Hillia parasitica Jacq. [141]
 Leptactina senegambica [109, 115]
 Posoqueria latifolia [121]
 Warszewiczia coccinea (Vahl) Kl. [5]

GERANIALES

 Geraniaceae
 Pelargonium endlicherianum Fenzl [32]

LAMIALES

 Acanthaceae
 Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. [10]
 Bignoniaceae
 Crescentia cujete L. [21, 94, 142]
 Parmentiera aculeata [21]
 P. alata Miers. [21, 94, 142]
 Gesneriaceae
 Gloxinia perennis (L.) Fritsch [77]
 Lamiaceae
 Agastache foeniculum [261]
 A. rugosa [261]
 A. rugosa x foeniculum [261]
 Origanum vulgare L. [5]
 Oleaceae
 Jasminum grandiflorum L. [113, 176, 178]
 J. officinale [108]
 J. polyanthum Franch. [52]
 J. sambac (L.) Aiton [39, 108, 114, 267]
 Ligustrum ovalifolium [108]
 L. vulgare L. [108]
 Olea europaea L. [107, 119]
 Osmanthus fragrans Lour. [57, 58, 113, 115,
 177, 178]
 O. fragrans Lout. var. aurantiacus Makino
 [57]
 O. fragrans Lout. vat. latifolius Makino[57]
 O. fragrans Lour. var. thunbergii Makino[57]
 Syringa oblata Lindl. var. alba [51]
 S. vulgaris L. [33, 107, 150, 171, 178, 232,
 233]
 Orobanchaceae
 Bartsia alpina L. [20]
 Escobedia grandiflora (L. f.) Kuntze
 [141]
 Scrophulariaceae
 Antirrhinum sp. [64]
 Buddleja davidii Franch. [5, 226]
 Verbenaceae
 Clerodendrum trichotomum [175]
 Lantana camara L. [5]
 Verbena x hybrida Voss [101]

LAURALES

 Calycanthaceae
 Chimonanthus nitens Olivier [120]
 C. praecox Link [120, 266]
 Lauraceae
 Laurus nobilis L. [74]

LILIALES

 Liliaceae
 Fritillaria meleagris L. [92]
 Lilium candidum L. [107, 108]
 L. longiflorum hort. [113, 115]

MAGNOLIALES

 Annonaceae
 Anaxagorea brevipes Benth. [111]
 A. dolichocarpa Sprague & Sandwith [111]
 Cananga odorata [170]
 Duguetia asterotricha (Diels) R.E. Fries
 [111]
 Rollinia insignis R. E. Fries [111]
 Xylopia aromatica (Lam.) Mart. [111]
 X. benthamii R.E. Fries [111]
 Eupomatiaceae
 Eupomatia bennettii F. Muell. [18]
 E. laurina R. Br. [18]
 Magnoliaceae
 Liriodendron chinense [11]
 L. tulipifera L. [11, 240]
 Magnolia acuminata [11, 240]
 M. ashei [240]
 M. denudata Desr. [264]
 M. fraseri [240]
 M. grandiflora L. [11, 108, 115, 240, 264]
 M. heptapeta [11]
 M. hypoleuca [11, 264]
 M. kobus DC. [9]
 M. liliiflora Desr. [113, 115]
 M. macrophylla Michx. [240]
 M. obovata Thunb. [11, 264]
 M. praecocissima Koidz. [11, 264]
 M. praecocissima Koidz. ssp. borealis (Sargent)
 Koidz. [264]
 M. pyramidata Bartr. [11, 240]
 M. salicifolia (Sieb. & Zucc.) Maxim. [11,
 264]
 M. sieboldii K. Koch ssp. japonica Ueda [11,
 264]
 M. tamaulipana [11]
 M. tomentosa Thunb. [11, 264]
 M. tripetala [11, 240]
 M. virginiana L. [11, 240]
 Michelia alba [115]
 M. champaca [115]
 M. compressa [11, 264]
 M. figo [11, 238]

MALPIGHIALES

 Euphorbiaceae
 Dalechampia magnoliifolia (Scheidw.) Baillon
 [7]
 D. spathulata (Scheidw.) Baillon [7, 95,
 254]
 Passifloraceae
 Passiflora adenopoda DC. [157]
 P. biflora Lam. [157]
 P. foetida L. [157]
 P. ligularis Juss. [157]
 P. maliformis L. [157]
 P. nitida H.B.K. [157]
 P. riparia Mart. [157]
 P. triloba R. & P. [157]
 Rhizophoraceae
 Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lamk. [10]
 Kanclelia candel (L.) Druce [10]
 Rhizophora stylosa Griff. [10]
 Salicaceae
 Salix caprea L. [118, 121, 245]
 S. cinerea L. [245]
 S. repens L. [245]
 Violaceae
 Viola etrusca Erben [73]
 V. odorata L. [248]

MALVALES

 Malvaceae
 Ceiba pentandra [94]
 C. trischistandra (A. Gray) Bakh. [142]
 Ochroma pyramidalis (Cav.) Urb. [94, 142]
 Theobroma cacao L. [67]
 Tilia cordata Mill. [41, 115]
 T. flores Mill [41]
 T. platyphyllos Scop. [41, 115]
 Thymelaeaceae
 Daphne cneorum [115]
 D. japonica [115]
 D. mezereum L. [5, 24, 115, 234]

MYRTALES
 Combretaceae
 Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. [10]
 Lythraceae
 Pemphis acidula Forst. [10]
 Sonneratia alba J. Smith [10]
 Onagraceae
 Clarkia breweri (Gray) Greene [218]
 C. concinna (Fischer & Meyer) Greene
 [218]
 Oenothera biennis [127]
 O. glazioviana [127]
 O. odorata Jacq. [265]
 O. strieta [175]

NYMPHAEALES

 Nymphaeaceae
 Nymphaea sp. [178]
 Victoria amazonica [14]
 V. amazonica x cruziana [135]

PANDANALES

 Cyclanthaceae
 Cyclanthus bipartitus Poit. [225]

PINALES

 Pinaceae
 Larix sibirica [25]
 Picea abies [25]
 Pinus sylvestris [25]

PIPERALES

 Hydnoraceae
 Hydnora afrieana Thunb. [48]

POALES

 Bromeliaceae
 Tillandsia crocata (E. Morren) Baker [77]
 Vriesea gladioliflora [21, 94]

PROTEALES

 Nelumbonaceae
 Nelumbo lutea [198]
 N. lutea x nucifera [198]
 N. nucifera Gaertn. [178, 184, 198, 199]
 N. pentapetala Fernald [199]

RANUNCULALES

 Berberidaceae
 Berberis vulgaris [182]
 Mahonia japonica [215]
 Fumariaceae
 Corydalis cava [197]
 Hypecoum duriaei Pomel [56]
 H. procumbens L. ssp. procumbens [56]
 H. procumbens L. ssp. atropunctatum A. E.
 Dahl [56]
 H. procumbens L. ssp. fragrantissimum A. E.
 Dahl [56]
 H. pseudograndiflorum Petr. [56]
 H. torulosum A. E. Dahl [56]
 Papaveraceae
 Papaver rhoeas L. [62]
 Ranunculaceae
 Actaea asiatica [208]
 A. asiatica x rubra [208]
 A. erythrocarpa Fisch. [207, 209]
 A. pachypoda [207, 208]
 A. rubra [207, 208]
 A. spicata L. [208, 209]
 Anemone patens [217]
 Cimicifuga japonica [85]
 C. racemosa [85]
 C. rubifolia [85]
 C. simplex [85]
 Pulsatilla vulgaris Mill. [190]
 Ranunculus acris L. [19, 59[
 R. inamoenus [217]

ROSALES

 Moraceae
 Dorstenia turneraefolia Fisch. & Mey. [121,
 125]
 Ficus aurata Fisch. & Mey. [82]
 F. beccarii [82]
 F. benjamina [82]
 F. carica [84]
 F. condensa [82, 83]
 F. crassiramea [82]
 F. deltoidea [82, 83]
 F. fulva [82, 83]
 F. megaleia [82]
 F. microcarpa [82, 83]
 F. obscura [82]
 F. puncmta [82]
 F. stolonifera [82]
 F. uncinata [82]
 Rosaceae
 Crataegus monogyna [2201
 Filipendula ulmaria [36, 371
 F. vulgaris Moench. [62]
 Fragaria x ananassa Duch. [87, 88]
 Malus silvestris (L.) Mill. [431
 M. x domestica Borkh. [166]
 Malus sp. [12]
 Prunus armeniaca [12]
 P. avium [12]
 P. domestica [12]
 P. persica [12]
 Pyrus communis [12]
 Rosa canina L. [61]
 R. centifolia [35, 183]
 R. chinensis [40, 183]
 R. damascena Mill. [35, 72, 115, 176, 178,
 183, 196]
 R. gallica [72, 183]
 R. gigantea [183]
 R. hybrida L. [93, 128]
 R. muscosa [72]
 R. rugosa Thunb. [60, 61, 72, 155]
 R. setate x rugosa [51]
 Rosa sp. [33, 115, 177, 228, 232, 233]
 Rubus idaeus [219, 220]

SAPINDALES

 Meliaceae
 Aglaia odorata Lour. [250]
 Rutaceae
 Boronia megastigma [115, 172]
 Citrus amadurensis [118]
 C. aurantium L. [115, 247]
 C. bigaradia Risso [108]
 C. depressa Hayata [159]
 C. grandis Osbeck [247]
 C. hassaku Hort. ex. Tanaka [247]
 C. iyo Hort. ex. Tanaka [247]
 C. kawachinensis Hort. [247]
 C. limon Burm. f. [118, 119, 247]
 C. madurensis [119]
 C. medica L. [2, 118, 119, 173]
 C. natsudaidai Hayata [247]
 C. sinensis Osbeck [247]
 C. sphaerocarpa Tanaka [247]
 C. sudachi Hort. ex. Shirari [247]
 C. sulcata Hort. ex. Tanaka [247]
 C. tachibana Tanaka [247]
 C. unshiu Marcovitch [247]
 Citrus sp. [124]
 Dictamnus albus [115]
 Sapindaceae
 Aesculus hippocastanum [46]
 Simaroubaceae
 Ailanthus glandulosa Desf. [108]

SAXIFRAGALES

 Grossulariaceae
 Ribes nigrum [89]

SOLANALES

 Solanaceae
 Acnistus arborescens [121]
 Brugmansia suaveolens (Willd.) Bercht. &
 Presl. [141]
 Brugmansia x candida Pers. [131]
 Cestrum nocturnum L. [91, 154]
 Cyphomandra diploconos Sendt. [222]
 C. endopogon [79]
 C. hartwegii (Miers) Dunal [222]
 C. sciadostylis Sendt. [222]
 Datura arborea [115]
 Datura sp. [1411
 Markea neurantha [94]
 Nicotiana alata Link & Otto [113, 115, 118,
 121, 165]
 N. attenuata [69]
 N. otophora Grisebach [166]
 N. rustica L. [165]
 N. suaveolens Lehmann [115, 118, 121, 165,
 167, 168]
 N. sylvestris Spegazzini & Cones [165, 166,
 168]
 N. tabacum L. [165]
 N. tomentosiformis Goodspeed [165]
 Solanum variabile [121]

VITALES

 Vitaceae
 Vitis vinifera [42, 44, 47]

ZINGIBERALES

 Musaceae
 Musa sp. [21, 94]
 Zingiberaceae
 Hedychium coronarium Konig [141, 174, 268]
 H. flavum [113, 115, 124]
 H. gardnerianum [115, 118, 121]


Appendix III: List of references from which the data included in appendices I and II are extracted.

1. Altenburger, R. & P. Matile. 1988. Circadian rhythmicity of fragrance emission in flowers of Hoya carnosa R. Br. Planta 174: 248-252.

2. -- & --. 1990. Further observations on rhythmic emission of fragrance in flowers. Planta 180: 194-197.

3. Andersen, J. F. & R.L. Metcalf. 1986. Identification of a volatile attractant for Diabrotica and Acalymma spp. from blossoms of Cucurbita maxima Duchesne. J. Chem. Ecol. 12: 687-699.

4. -- & --. 1987. Factors influencing distribution of Diabrotica spp. in blossoms of cultivated Cucurbita spp. J. Chem. Ecol. 13: 681-699.

5. Andersson, S., L.A. Nilsson, I. Groth & G. Bergstrom. 2002. Floral scents in butterfly-pollinated plants: possible convergence in chemical composition. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140: 129-153.

6. Arai, T. 1994. Volatile compounds of Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis flowers. Nippon Koryo Kyokai 184: 105-111.

7. Armbruster, W.S., S. Keller, M. Matsuki & T. P. Clausen. 1989. Pollination of Dalechampia magnoliifolia (Euphorbiaceae) by male euglossine bees. Amer. J. Bot. 76: 1279-1285.

8. Awano, K., T. Honda, T. Ogawa, S. Suzuki & Y. Matsunaga. 1997. Volatile components of Phalaenopsis schilleriana Rchb. f. Flay. Fragr. J. 12: 341-344.

9. Azuma, H., M. Toyota & Y. Asakawa. 2001. Intraspecific variation of floral scent chemistry in Magnolia kobus DC. (Magnoliaceae). J. Pl. Res. 114:411-422.

10. --, --, --, T. Takaso & H. Tobe. 2002. Floral scent chemistry of mangrove plants. J. Pl. Res. 115: 47-53.

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Acknowledgments

The writing of this review was supported by grants from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology and Gotland University.

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JETTE T. KNUDSEN

Department of Ecology

Land University

SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden

ROGER ERIKSSON

Botanical Institute

Goteborg University

Box 461, SE 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden

JONATHAN GERSHENZON

Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology

Hans-Knoll Strasse 8, 07745 Jena, Germany

AND

BERTIL STAHL

Gotland University

SE-621 67 Visby, Sweden
Table I

Broad categories of biological and chemical aspects in studies of
floral scent (numbers refer to the references in Appendix III).

Environmental conditions, influence on floral scent production
89, 104, 161, 164, 172, 186, 215

Diurnal and nocturnal changes, and circadian rhythmicity in floral
 scent emission
1, 2, 8, 64, 69, 89, 91, 93, 95, 96, 102, 104, 105, 115, 116, 121,
132, 145, 146, 161, 166, 167, 168, 172, 173, 174, 175, 186, 187, 204,
 215, 224

Flower age and post-pollination effects on floral scent emission
8, 64, 84, 152, 161, 164, 168, 172, 174, 196, 198, 199, 205, 213, 214,
 219, 222, 223, 224, 231, 241, 244

Variation in floral scent composition within flowers/inflorescences
19, 59, 60, 61, 62, 69, 74, 86, 140, 172, 180, 184, 188, 199, 205,
 222, 262

Attraction and behavior of pollinators
22, 23, 24, 27, 30, 59, 68, 83, 90, 91, 94, 129, 133, 145, 147, 149,
 185, 187, 188, 197, 202, 205, 210, 213, 214, 223, 224, 226, 229

Attraction of pests/host selection, rust fungi, and defense
3, 4, 25, 55, 69, 70, 75, 152, 156, 182, 185, 217, 220, 226

Pollination syndromes and floral scent
butterflies, 5, 117; bats, 21, 94, 125, 142; moths, 113, 115, 116,
 117, 125, 127, 131, 141, 169, 175;
 flies, 26, 48, 116, 117, 129, 130, 133, 134; bees, 116, 117;
 beetles, 135, 211, 225; hummingbirds,
 Knudsen et al. (2004); male euglossine bees, 7, 77, 78, 79, 80,
 95, 116, 117, 119, 145, 222, 252, 253,
 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 260; wind, 211

Mutualisms and floral scent
18, 82, 83, 84, 205

New natural products for flavors, perfumes, or medicines
6, 14, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 47, 57, 58,
 99, 102, 107, 108, 109, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121,
 122, 123, 125, 150, 153, 154, 155, 170, 171, 179, 200, 201, 203, 234,
 238, 249, 250, 266, 268

Attached vs. detached flowers, effect on scent
41, 91, 93, 176, 177, 178, 186, 235

Community or environmental studies of floral scent
10, 119

Sampling and analytical techniques
16, 48, 51, 87, 100, 115, 128, 150, 176, 178, 221, 227, 228, 230, 232,
 233

Natural history of pollination
65, 66, 92, 129, 138, 169, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 195, 206, 207

Characterization of whole composition
46, 71, 106, 126, 248, 251, 265, 267

Reports of selected floral scent compounds
110, 113, 115, 118, 119, 121, 124, 125, 148, 149, 150, 158, 162, 163,
 164, 183, 252, 254

Flower color and scent
73, 150, 178, 197

Within species variation in floral scent composition
Magnoliaceae, 9; Orobanchaceae, 20; Vitaceae, 42, 47; Fumariaceae, 56,
 197; Oleaceae, 57, 58;
 Rosaceae, 72, 128; Orchidaceae, 13, 30, 80, 116, 117, 118, 180, 204,
 243, 253, 257, 258, 259, 260;
 Araceae, 129; Ericaceae, 136; Arecaceae, 145; Nyctaginaceae, 151;
 Onagraceae, 218; Apiaceae, 242;
 Salicaceae, 245: Lamiaceae, 261; Caryophyllaceae, Dotterl et al.
 (2005)

Among species variation in floral scent composition
Magnoliaceae, 11, 240, 264: Orchidaceae, 13, 15, 17, 23, 27, 28, 29,
 30, 53, 76, 80, 98, 117, 119, 181,
 243, 253, 255; Apiaceae, 31, 246; Fumariaceae, 56; Amaryllidaceae, 63;
 Sterculiaceae, 67; Arecaceae,
 68, 137, 143; Moraceae, 82; Ranunculaceae, 85, 208, 209; Myrsinaceae,
 103; Araceae, 133,
 146, 262; Ericaceae, 136; Theophrastaceae, 139; Lecythidaceae, 144;
 Nyctaginaceae, 151; Passifloraceae,
 157; Winteraceae, 239; Fabaceae, 212; Salicaceae, 245; Rutaceae, 247;
 Caryophyllaceae, 112; Annonaceae, 111

Phenetic and phylogenetic analysis using floral scent
13, 56, 63, 80, 112, 157, 240, Levin et al. (2003), Barkman (2001),
 Azuma et al. (1999), Williams &
 Whitten (1999)

Leaf volatiles
11, 49, 50, 70, 87, 105, 131, 156, 208, 219, 235, 261

Horticulture and agriculture
12, 49, 50, 52, 54, 72, 75, 81, 87, 88, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164,
 165, 213, 214, 216, 220, 221, 235, 236, 237, 263

Biosynthesis and excretory pathways of floral scent components
64, 229

Heredity of floral scent composition
103, 160, 194, 195, 218

Table II

The 10 most collected families ordered according to number of
species analyzed.

 No. of species and subspecies No. genera

Orchidaceae 417 104
Araceae 55 10
Arecaceae 40 18
Magnoliaceae 26 3
Rosaceae 24 8
Cactaceae 21 12
Rutaceae 21 3
Solanaceae 21 8
Caryophyllaceae 20 3
Nyctaginaceae 20 3

Table III

Floral scent compounds occurring in more than half
of the families of seed plants.

Limonene 71%
(E)-Ocimene 71%
Myrcene 70%
Linalool 70%
[alpha]-Pinene 67%
Benzaldehyde 64%
[beta]-Pinene 59%
Methyl 2-hydroxybenzoate 57%
Benzyl alcohol 56%
2-Phenyl ethanol 54%
Caryophyllene 52%
6-Methyl-5-hepten-2-one 52%
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Title Annotation:Appendix II: List of taxa-Appendix III: List of references from which the data included in appendices I and II are extracted.
Author:Knudsen, Jette T.; Eriksson, Roger; Gershenzon, Jonathan; Stahl, Bertil
Publication:The Botanical Review
Date:Jan 1, 2006
Words:14401
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