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Distinctly Canadian 100: the sequel (movie actors and actresses and movie producers and directors).



To celebrate 100 years of Canadian cinema, Take One ran a list of 100 names in our Summer 1996 issue of directors, producers, actors, writers, cinematographers, and others who have contributed to Canadian and international cinema. It was such a hit, a shock of recognition, that we decided to shamelessly exploit our success (that issue is our best seller in five years of publishing) by doing it again--part deux, as it where. In that Summer 1996 issue, I said 100 names was too restrictive when it comes to Canada's contribution to world cinema and that a second 100 could be created with relative ease. So Take One is proud to present--100 Great and Glorious Years of Canadian Cinema-the Sequel--100 more names of Canadians who have made an impact on the world of cinema. This list includes the extraordinary number of talented animators who have come here from around the globe to work at the NFB NFB National Federation of the Blind
NFB National Film Board of Canada
NFB Negative Feedback
NFB No Fuse Breaker
NFB Normal for Bridgewater (music album) 
, and reflects Canada's significant contribution to experimental or new cinema and, of course, our reputation for producing first-class documentarians and cinematographers. We might not have much of a feature film "industry" in Canada, but we have a film culture worth celebrating twice.

Frederic Back

Animator and director. Born, Saarbruecken, Germany, 1924. It is a measure of Back's extra-ordinary abilities as an artist that his legitimate concerns for ecology, nuclear peace and animal rights have not overwhelmed his films. Two Oscars and numerous international jury prizes testify to this animator's skill in dramatizing his ideals. Soon after his arrival in Montreal in 1948, Back found permanent employment at Radio-Canada, first in its graphics department and since 1970 as a full-scale animator. Crac!, his first Oscar-winner, a subtle, political, pro-provincial piece, is a tribute to folk art folk art, the art works of a culturally homogeneous people produced by artists without formal training. The forms of such works are generally developed into a tradition that is either cut off from or tenuously connected to the contemporary cultural mainstream.  in Quebec, while his second, L'homme qui plantait des arbres, is an elegiac el·e·gi·ac  
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or involving elegy or mourning or expressing sorrow for that which is irrecoverably past: an elegiac lament for youthful ideals.

2.
 portrait of a French-Canadian Johnny Appleseed Johnny Appleseed: see Chapman, John.
Johnny Appleseed See Chapman, John.
. Back's work is impressionist and painterly paint·er·ly  
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or characteristic of a painter; artistic.

2.
a. Having qualities unique to the art of painting.

b.
, typifying the strengths he brought to bear on his acclaimed stained glass stained glass, in general, windows made of colored glass. To a large extent, the name is a misnomer, for staining is only one of the methods of coloring employed, and the best medieval glass made little use of it.  piece in Montreal's Place des Arts Place des Arts is a major performing arts centre in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Located in the eastern part of the city's downtown ( 
 subway station.

Pamela Anderson-Lee

Actor. Born, Ladysmith, B.C., 1967. Pamela Denise Anderson was the first baby born on July 1, 1967, in all of Canada, earning her the title "The Centennial Baby." Her parents won cash prizes and awards. In 1988, Pamela moved to Vancouver and while attending a B.C. Lions game, a cameraman noticed her and put her up on the stadium screen. This launched Anderson. She found work on Home Improvement and then was cast as a regular on Baywatch. Anderson has had a rocky marriage to Motley Crue drummer Tommy Lee This article is about the American drummer Tommy Lee. For other uses, see Tommy.
For the actor, see Tommy Lee Jones.


Tommy Lee (born Thomas Lee Bass on October 3, 1962), is a Greek American rock musician.
. Her first attempt at a movie lead in Barb Wire proved to be less of a box office hit than anticipated; however, due to the unparalleled worldwide success of Baywatch, Anderson-Lee remains one the most recognizable women of the 1990s.

Paule Baillargeon

Actor, director and composer. Born, Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec Rouyn-Noranda (2006 population 39,924) is a city on Osisko Lake in northwestern Quebec, Canada.

The city of Rouyn appeared after copper was discovered in 1917. Noranda (a contraction of "North Canada") was created later around the Horne mine and foundry.
, 1945. After leaving the National Theatre School of Canada The National Theatre School of Canada is a private college located in Montreal, Quebec. It occupies the historic landmark, the Monument National, on Saint Lawrence Boulevard as well as a building in The Plateau district, at the corner of Saint Denis Street and Laurier Street.  in 1969, Baillargeon co-founded the experimental theatre group Le grande cirque ordinaire. Her key 1979 film, La cuisine rouge (co-directed with Frederique Collin), brought the Cirque's Brechtian style to a fractured narrative about sexual politics. An established performer with roles in some 20 films (La femme La Femme is a women-only beach in Marina, Egypt which caters to Muslims who want to swim in comfort away from prying and prurient view of "men and cameras". External links
  • Egypt unveils no-peeking zone - Mariam Fam (AP) October 26, 2005


[1]
 de l'hotel, Rejeanne Padovani, Jesus de Montreal), Baillargeon is best known in English Canada English Canada is a term used to describe one of the following:
  1. English Canadians, a term usually meaning English-speaking or anglophone Canadians, the official language majority in the country except New-Brunswick and Quebec as well.
 for playing "the curator" in Patricia Rozema's 1987 hit, I've Heard the Mermaids Singing.

Lloyd and Hart Bochner

Lloyd: Actor. Born, Toronto, 1924. Hart: Actor. Born, Toronto, 1956. Lloyd has mostly worked in supporting roles and is perhaps best known as Cecil Colby on TV's long-running Dynasty. Some of his more notable films include Tony Rome (with Frank Sinatra) and John Borman's cult classic, Point Blank. Hart got his screen debut in 1977 in Islands in the Stream. By the time he landed the lead in the 1984 TV mini-series, The Sun Also Rises, he was labelled a "heart-throb"; later he was effective as the weasel weasel, name for certain small, lithe, carnivorous mammals of the family Mustelidae (weasel family). Members of this family are generally characterized by long bodies and necks, short legs, small rounded ears, and medium to long tails.  executive in Bruce Willis's mega-hit, Die Hard. He has since become more interested in directing than acting and his first feature was the National Lampoonish PCU PCU - PCI Configuration Utility , followed by High School High in 1996.

Jean Beaudin

Director and screenwriter. Born, Montreal, 1939. Although Beaudin has taken a few shots at wild and visionary moviemaking mov·ie·mak·er  
n.
One that makes movies, especially professionally.



movie·mak
, he will be best remembered for the restrained performances and fastidious fas·tid·i·ous
adj.
1. Possessing or displaying careful, meticulous attention to detail.

2. Difficult to please; exacting.

3. Having complex nutritional requirements. Used of microorganisms.
 visuals of pictures like his 1976 success, J.A. Martin photographe (consistantly nominated by critics as one the best Canadian features ever made). At Cannes, the film won a Best Actress award for star Monique Mercure Monique Mercure, CC (born November 14, 1930) is a Canadian actress.

Born in Montreal, Quebec, she won a 1992 Genie award for her role as Fadela in The Naked Lunch.

In 1979, she was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1993.
 and attracted Robert Altman to the cinematography cinematography: see motion picture photography.
cinematography

Art and technology of motion-picture photography. It involves the composition of a scene, lighting of the set and actors, choice of cameras, camera angle, and integration of special
 of Pierre Mignot. Since J.A. Martin, Beaudin's career has been focused in Quebec with the film version of Being at Home with Cladue and the hit mini-series, Les filles de Caleb. Beaudin has complained on many occasions that Canada's inadequate feature film budgets severely restrict the imagination.

Brigitte Berman

Director. Born, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 1951. Having studied film at Queen's University Queen's University, at Kingston, Ont., Canada; nondenominational; coeducational; founded 1841 as Queen's College. It achieved university status in 1912. It has faculties of arts and sciences, education, law, medicine, and applied science, as well as schools of , Berman worked at the CBC (1) (Cell Broadcast Center) See cell broadcast.

(2) (Cipher Block Chaining) In cryptography, a mode of operation that combines the ciphertext of one block with the plaintext of the next block.
 for nine years before directing her first independent documentary, Bix: Ain't None of Them Play Like Him Yet (1981). Her follow-up doc, Artie Shaw Noun 1. Artie Shaw - United States clarinetist and leader of a swing band (1910-2004)
Arthur Jacob Arshawsky, Shaw
: Time is All You've Got, about the legendary New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of
 jazz great, captured an Academy award in 1987, and is only one of three Canadian feature documentaries to win an Oscar. Berman's weak 1994 foray into Verb 1. foray into - enter someone else's territory and take spoils; "The pirates raided the coastal villages regularly"
raid

encroach upon, intrude on, obtrude upon, invade - to intrude upon, infringe, encroach on, violate; "This new colleague invades my
 fiction, The Circle Game, included an amazing soundtrack but fumbled the conflicts between a musician and her estranged es·trange  
tr.v. es·tranged, es·trang·ing, es·trang·es
1. To make hostile, unsympathetic, or indifferent; alienate.

2. To remove from an accustomed place or set of associations.
 mother.

Jane Marsh Beveridge

Director, editor and producer. Born, Ottawa, 1915. One of about a dozen women at the NFB during WWII WWII
abbr.
World War II


WWII World War Two
, Beveridge was the only woman to direct and produce war films. She served as de facto [Latin, In fact.] In fact, in deed, actually.

This phrase is used to characterize an officer, a government, a past action, or a state of affairs that must be accepted for all practical purposes, but is illegal or illegitimate.
 producer of the Canada Carries On series, helming six films in two years, but quit over conflicts with John Grierson, who refused to promote her. Although it was watered down from an overtly feminist script, Women are Warriors stands out as one of the few wartime films to argue that women were not leisurely idlers before the conflict. Beveridge's short, Alexis Tremblay, Habitant (1943), shot by the legendary Judith Crawley, was one of the most popular in NFB history. She abandoned filmmaking in the early 1950s to become a teacher and sculptor.

Lothaire Bluteau Lothaire Bluteau (born April 14, 1957) is a Canadian actor. He was born in in Montreal, Quebec, and performs in both French and English. He had a recurring role in "Day 3" of the television series 24.  

Actor. Born, Montreal, 1957. This award-winning actor has worked in theatre, film and television. Bluteau was first noticed for his riveting performance in Yves Simoneau's Les fous de bassan. Then after receiving great acclaim for his lead in the stage version of Being at Home with Claude, he won the Best Actor Genie in Arcand's masterpiece, Jesus de Montreal. He has since appeared in the Genie-winning films Black Robe and Le confessionnal. Bluteau registered internationally with his supporting roles in Orlando and I Shot Andy Warhol Noun 1. Andy Warhol - United States artist who was a leader of the Pop Art movement (1930-1987)
Warhol
.

Jacques Bobet

Producer. Born, Saumur, France, 1919. Died, 1996. Senior NFB producer and one of the most important ever to work at the Board. Heading the French unit in 1968, he oversaw the production some of the most important films ever made in this country: Perrault's Pour la suite du monde n. 1. The world; a globe as an ensign of royalty.
Le beau monde
fashionable society. See Beau monde.
Demi monde
See Demimonde.
, Groulx's Le chat dans la sac, Jutra's (and other's) La lutte. He was a mentor to a whole generation of Quebecois filmmakers and went to produce the official film of the 1976 Olympics in Montreal. He joined the NFB in 1947 as a writer after a brief stint as a teacher. He retired in 1984, but continued to teach. He once said his role as a producer was "to do all those little things that you don't see in bringing a movie to the screen."

Pascale Bussiere

Actor. Born, Montreal, 1968. Bussiere first attracted attention as a suicidal teen-ager in Micheline Lanctot's rigorously dark film, Sonatine. But it was Blanche, a TV series directed by Charles Biname that gave her vedette ve·dette also vi·dette  
n.
1. A mounted sentinel stationed in advance of an outpost.

2. A small scouting boat used to observe and report on an opposing naval force.
 status in Quebec. After playing the heroine of that show, and more recently the roller-blading cokehead coke·head  
n. Slang
A heavy user of cocaine.
 of Biname's Gen-X picture, Eldorado, she became the 1990s heir of Bujold and Laure--the most charismatic actress of her generation. It's a measure of Bussiere's range that her follow-up to Eldorado was her role as a prim theology student who uncovers her desire for women in Patricia Rozema's When Night Is Falling.

Susan Clark Susan Clark (born March 8, 1940 in Sarnia, Ontario) is a Canadian actress, best known as Katherine Papadapolis in the TV sitcom Webster. She is married to her Webster co-star Alex Karras.  

Actor. Born Nora Golding, Sarnia, Ontario Sarnia is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada (city population 71,419, census area population 88,793, in 2006). It is the largest city on Lake Huron and is located where the three upper Great Lakes empty into the St. Clair River. , 1941. Clark was a leading lady of Hollywood films in the late 1960s following a stage career that began when she was a child. A graduate of London's Royal Academy of Dramatic Art The Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) in Bloomsbury, London, is considered to be one of the most prestigious drama schools in the world. History
1904 Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree, the leading actor manager of the day, famous for his spectacular Shakespeare
, she made her screen debut in Banning with Robert Wagner in 1967. Returning to Canada, she appeared in some of the most successful tax shelter tax shelter: see tax exemption.  films (Bob Clark's Murder By Degree and Porky's) and went on to win an Emmy for her portrayal of athlete Babe Didrickson Zaharias in the TV movie Babe. She married her co-star in that production, Alex Karras Alexander George Karras (born July 15, 1935 in Gary, Indiana), is a former football player, professional wrestler, and actor who is best known for playing with the National Football League's Detroit Lions from 1958-1962 and 1964-1971. ; he later co-starred with her in the TV series, Webster. For the past decade Clark has been producing TV movies, including Butterbox Babies for CBC-TV in 1995, in which she played the lead.

Jackie Burroughs

Actor. Born, U.K., 1942. The career of Jackie Burroughs runs the gamut on-screen on·screen or on-screen  
adj. & adv.
1. As shown on a movie, television, or display screen.

2. Within public view; in public.
 from the multi-Gemini-winning role of the prime and proper Aunt Hattie in the long-running Road to Avonlea to the drug-addled tourist "taking a vacation from feminism" in A Winter Tan, for which she won a Genie in 1989. Her stage debut was in director Herbert Whittaker's production of A Resounding re·sound  
v. re·sound·ed, re·sound·ing, re·sounds

v.intr.
1. To be filled with sound; reverberate: The schoolyard resounded with the laughter of children.

2.
 Tinkle tin·kle  
v. tin·kled, tin·kling, tin·kles

v.intr.
1. To make light metallic sounds, as those of a small bell.

2. Informal To urinate.

v.tr.
1.
 at the University of Toronto's Hart House This article is about the student centre. For the Hart family mansion, see Hart House (Alberta).

Hart House is a student centre at the University of Toronto.
. She has since starred in countless plays, including Uncle Vanya Uncle Vanya is a tragicomedy by the Russian playwright Anton Chekhov published in 1899. Its first major performance was in 1900 under the direction of Konstantin Stanislavski.  and Present Laughter Present Laughter is a comedic play written by Noel Coward and first staged in 1939 as part of a double bill with his lower middle-class domestic drama This Happy Breed; in 1941 the double bill was expanded to include Coward's new play Blithe Spirit.  opposite Peter O'Toole Noun 1. Peter O'Toole - British actor (born in Ireland in 1932)
O'Toole, Peter Seamus O'Toole

Emerald Isle, Hibernia, Ireland - an island comprising the republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland
. She went on to win back-to-back Genies for her supporting, performances in Robin Phillips' The Wars and Philip Borsos's The Grey Fox.

Tantoo Cardinal

Actor. Born, Tantoo Martin, Anzac, Alberta, 1951. Tantoo Cardinal was shot in the neck with an arrow in the Bruce Beresford's Black Robe, has played Cupid to Kevin Costner's and Mary McDonnell's characters in Dances with Wolves, and helped hold together the passionately dysfunctional family dysfunctional family Psychology A family with multiple 'internal'–eg sibling rivalries, parent-child– conflicts, domestic violence, mental illness, single parenthood, or 'external'–eg alcohol or drug abuse, extramarital affairs, gambling,  in Legend of the Falls (with Anthony Hopkins Noun 1. Anthony Hopkins - Welsh film actor (born in 1937)
Sir Anthony Hopkins, Sir Anthony Philip Hopkins, Hopkins
 and Brad Pitt). She is one of the most successful Native actors of her generation and has recurring roles in the popular Canadian TV series, North of 60, and the American prime time drama, Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman is multi-Emmy Award winning western/dramatic television series in the United States, created by Beth Sullivan. It ran on CBS for six seasons, from January 1st, 1993 to May 16th, 1998. .

Henry Czreny

Actor. Born, Toronto, 1959. Quickly becoming one of Hollywood's favourite supporting actors, Henry Czerny Henry Czerny (ʧeɾniː; born February 1959) is a Canadian actor.

Czerny was born to Polish parents in Toronto, Canada.[1] His mother was a bakery worker and his father a welder.
 caught the world's attention for his mesmerizing mes·mer·ize  
tr.v. mes·mer·ized, mes·mer·iz·ing, mes·mer·iz·es
1. To spellbind; enthrall: "He could mesmerize an audience by the sheer force of his presence" 
 performance as a sexual predator The term sexual predator is used pejoratively to describe a person seen as obtaining or trying to obtain sexual contact with another person in a metaphorically predatory manner.  in the NFB production of John N. Smith's The Boys of the St. Vincent, the real-life story of abuse at a boys' orphanage. Czerny's portrayal as the pedophiliac ped·o·phil·i·a  
n.
The act or fantasy on the part of an adult of engaging in sexual activity with a child or children.



ped
 priest won him accolades worldwide, launching his carreer internationally. In Hollywood he landed coveted cov·et  
v. cov·et·ed, cov·et·ing, cov·ets

v.tr.
1. To feel blameworthy desire for (that which is another's). See Synonyms at envy.

2. To wish for longingly. See Synonyms at desire.
 roles as the White House weasel opposite Harrison Ford in Clear and Present Danger and Tom Cruise's boss in Mission Impossible.

Peter Carter Peter Carter, OBE, PhD, MBA, MCIPD is a British nurse and, since 1995, the Chief Executive of the Central and North West London Mental Health NHS Trust (previously the Brent, Kensington, Chelsea & Westminster Mental Health Trust).  

Director and producer. Born, U.K., 1933. Died, 1982. A director and producer who made a significant contribution to English-Canadian cinema for nearly 30 years, Carter is best known for his highly acclaimed 1971 film, The Rowdyman, starring Gordon Pinsent. Trained in Britain, Carter came to Canada in 1955, joining Crawley Films as an editor and assistant director. He later directed and produced several CBC-TV series during the 1960s and lent his production skills to Paul Almond's Isabel and Act of the Heart. Before his death at age 48, Carter was based in Los Angeles Los Angeles (lôs ăn`jələs, lŏs, ăn`jəlēz'), city (1990 pop. 3,485,398), seat of Los Angeles co., S Calif.; inc. 1850. .

Kim Cattrall

Actor. Born, Liverpool, U.K., 1956. Trained at New York's American Academy of Dramatic Arts The American Academy of Dramatic Arts (AADA) is a fully accredited two-year conservatory with campuses located at 120 Madison Avenue in New York City (in a landmark building designed by famed architect Stanford White as the original Colony Club) and 1336 North La Brea Avenue in , Cattrall appeared on the Canadian stage and in tax shelter films of the 1970s and early 1980s (few will forget her enthusiasm as the sexually voracious gym instructor in Bob Clark's hugely popular adolescent farce, Porky's), before finding her niche as a sexy comedienne in Hollywood movies. Often poorly utilized, Cattrall was the object of desire in Mannequin; Tom Hanks's uptight wife in The Bonfire of the Vanities, and commanded attention in the Oliver Stone TV mini-series, Wild Palms.

Jack Chambers

Director. Born, London, Ontario., 1931. Died, 1978. A celebrated visual artist from London, Ontario, Jack Chambers was also a vastly influential figure in the evolution of experimental film in Canada. Pursuing the poetics of perception in his work, even writing an aesthetic manifesto in 1969 entitled "Perceptual Realism," Chambers' deceptively simple films contain dizzying combinations of sound and silence, darkness and light
See also: The Darkness and the Light (DS9 episode)


See also: Darkness and Light (game)


Darkness and Light is a fantasy novel by Paul B. Thompson and Tonya R.
, original and archival footage, abstraction and representation. After almost three decades since its completion, Chambers' feature-length master-piece, Hart Of London (1970), continues to haunt and inspire, and has influenced filmmakers from Bruce Elder to Philip Hoffman.

Wayne Clarkson

Administrator. Born, Amherst, N.S., 1948. Clarkson, who came to film through the Canadian Film Institute, was chosen by Toronto film festival co-founder, Bill Marshal, to serve as director for eight years. During that time he launched the Perspective Canada program in 1984, which has grown to become the most important showcase of Canadian films and filmmakers. He then went on to to become chairman and CEO (1) (Chief Executive Officer) The highest individual in command of an organization. Typically the president of the company, the CEO reports to the Chairman of the Board.  of the OFDC OFDC Ontario Film Development Corporation (Government of Ontario, Canada)
OFDC Order for Data Communications
, launching a major government film-funding agency and important cultural agency responsible in large part for the explosion of filmmaking talent in Ontario during the 1980s. Clarkson now heads Jewison's Canadian Film Centre, turning it into a virtual hot house for Canadian feature filmmaking.

Richard Condie

Animator, director and composer. Born, Vancouver, 1942. Although Condie was born in Vancouver and has worked at the NFB's headquarters in Montreal for much of the 1990s, his roots are in Winnipeg's zany filmmaking community. During the 1970s and 80s, Condie and fellow NFB animators Cordell Barker and Brad Caslor created cheeky, off-the-wall work fully in keeping with the indie films made by fellow Winnipegers Guy Maddin and John Paisz at the same time. The taciturn tac·i·turn  
adj.
Habitually untalkative. See Synonyms at silent.



[French taciturne, from Old French, from Latin taciturnus, from tacitus, silent; see tacit.
, painfully shy Condie let his imagination soar in his two masterpieces: Getting Started, a hymn to procrastination; and The Big Snit, a wry fable about marital squabbling, Scrabble and nuclear war.

Mireille Dansereau

Director. Born, Montreal, 1943. Dansereau, who came to filmmaking after 15 years in dance, is a pioneer in the field and co-founder of Quebec's L'association cooperative de productions audio-visuelles (ACPAV). She is still best known in English Canada for La vie revee (1972), an episodic narrative about two women whose obsession for an older man finally leads them back to each other, and away from market-driven images of female desire. After making documentaries for the NFB, Dansereau went on to successfully adapt Marie-Claire Blais's dark, experimental novel, Le sourd dans la ville.

Jack Darcus

Director. Born, Vancouver, 1941. This leading figure in the development of an independent film scene in British Columbia studied fine arts and philosophy at U.B.C., where his first directorial efforts began. Darcus' penetrating dramas, Great Coups of History and Proxyhawks, signalled a new cinematic energy from the West Coast in the late 1960s. His films since have dramatized Canada-US relations in Deserters; explored the dangers and disillusionments of middle-age in Kingsgate; and satirized the precarious nature of the Canadian film industry in Overnight, about an actor who ends up in porn films to survive and is encouraged by a proud fellow performer with this immortal rallying cry: "We may be small, we may be dirty, but we're Canadian!"

Paul Driessen

Animator, director and writer. Born, Nimegue, Holland, 1940. An on-going fascination with the elements that make up an animated film places Driessen more in the camp of Snow rather than Disney. His characters continually butt into and out of the frame, often questioning the meaning of the stories they are in. His masterpiece, The End of the World in Four Seasons, presents a storyboard A sequence of images and annotations for a cartoon, animation or video. Storyboards are previews of the final version and typically contain mockups rather than final art and images. Before computers, storyboards were drawn with pen and ink on lightweight cardboard.  gone awry: divided into four mini-screens, his seasonal creations are buffeted by events taking place above, below and beside them. This philosophical Dutchman became acquainted with the NFB while animating Yellow Submarine in London for Canadian expatriate George Dunning. After a five year stint at the Board in the early 1970s, Driessen began to divide his time between Canada and Holland, a practice he continues to this day.

Guy Dufaux

Cinematographer, editor and director. Born, Lille, France, 1943. A Fine Arts student who emigrated to Canada in the mid-1960s, Dufaux has established himself as one of the country's leading cinematographers. Over the years, he has worked with many of Quebec's leading directors, including Jean-Pierre Lefebvre, Yves Simoneau, Micheline Lanctot, Jean-Claude Lauzon, Denys Arcand and Robert Lepage. In the mid-1980s, Dufaux's work signalled a shift in style from traditional documentary-influenced filming to a more stylized styl·ize  
tr.v. styl·ized, styl·iz·ing, styl·iz·es
1. To restrict or make conform to a particular style.

2. To represent conventionally; conventionalize.
, formalistic cinematography. In films ranging from Pouvoir intime InTIME Cardiology A clinical trial–Intravenous nPA for Treatment of Infarcting Myocardium Early–comparing efficacy of a weight-adjusted single bolus of nPA/lanoteplase to tPA–administered by infusion in restoring blood flow to the heart in Pts  to Un zoo, la nuit and Jesus de Montreal, he has created some of the most striking images in Quebec cinema.

Yvonne De Carlo

Actor. Born Peggy Yvonne Middleton, Vancouver, 1922. Died, 1996. The woman who portrayed Lili Munster in the ghoulish ghoul  
n.
1. One who delights in the revolting, morbid, or loathsome.

2. A grave robber.

3. An evil spirit or demon in Muslim folklore believed to plunder graves and feed on corpses.
 TV show, The Munsters, was once titled "the most beautiful girl in the world." Although De Carlo's mother wanted her little girl to be a famous ballerina, she wanted to act. By 1943 De Carlo was signed to Paramount Studios and, in her own words, "usually cast as an exotic native." She had the title role of Soleme in 1945, followed by The Song of Scheherazade and Slave Girl, and became typecast as a temptress, representing Hollywood's idea of an Arabian Nights beauty. She showed a special knack for comedy in the British-made The Captain's Paradise in 1953.

Daryl Duke

Director and producer. Born, Vancouver, 1930. This West Coast filmmaker's 1977 film, The Silent Partner, won several Canadian Film Awards, including Best Director. A U.B.C. graduate, Duke began his career in the 1960s working as a producer and director on such CBC-TV shows as Closeup and Telescope. In 1973, he directed his acclaimed first feature Payday, a dark look at the world of country music starring Rip Torn. Duke went on to launch and co-own an independent Vancouver TV station. In the past two decades, he has worked primarily on American TV productions, directing such mini-series epics as The Thorn Birds, Florence Nightingale and Tai-Pan.

James Doohan

Actor. Born, Vancouver, 1932. Famous for his role as Montgomery "Scotty" Scott in the successful TV and film series, Star Trek, James Doohan has had little luck doing much else. He started an acting career after time in the army (he was wounded on D-Day). He studied in New York then returned to Canada to work in early Canadian TV. Heading for Hollywood and Paramount Studios, Doohan "got a job" on Star Trek which lasted nearly 30 years. Stereotyped as his "Scotty" character, Doohan has accepted his fate and is a regular on the Trekkie convention circuit.

Douglas Dumbrille

Actor. Born, Hamilton, Ontario, 1890. Died, 1974. An acting late starter, Dumbrille sold his southern Ontario onion farm in 1924, when he was 34 years old, and left for Hollywood. Versatile, and more often villainous, Dumbrille appeared in over 250 films as lawyers, politicians, judges and evil potentates. As Mohammed Khan in Lives of the Bengal Lancer, he told Gary Cooper and Franchot Tone, "We have ways to make men talk." His other films include Mr. Deeds Goes to Town, A Day at the Races At The Races is a British television channel, originally co-founded with Channel 4, but now owned by a partnership between British Sky Broadcasting, Arena Leisure PLC and 28 (out of the 59) UK racecourses.  and The Ten Commandments. In TV he appeared in The Phil Silvers Show and Petticoat Junction.

Bruce Elder

Director, writer, editor and producer. Born, Port Hawkesbury, Ontario, 1947. Sprawling, stirring, dense, solipsistic, indulgent, interminable, brilliant: all these characterizations of the films of Bruce Elder have been advanced. All are true. One of the key figures to develop in the Toronto experimental scene in the 1970s, Elder's rigorous films range from short works to marathon-length meditations such as Lamentations (1985). In addition to his gargantuan gar·gan·tu·an  
adj.
Of immense size, volume, or capacity; gigantic. See Synonyms at enormous.


gargantuan
Adjective

huge or enormous [after Gargantua, a giant in Rabelais'
 filmography film·og·ra·phy  
n. pl. film·og·ra·phies
A comprehensive list of movies in a particular category, as of those by a given director or in a specific genre.
, Elder is also a perceptive commentator on Canadian cinema, creating a lively debate with his 1986 polemical essay, "The Cinema We Need." His critical writing (especially his book, Image and Identity) has opened new and deepened old debates about film in Canada.

Lewis Furey

Composer, actor and director. Born Lewis Greenblatt, Montreal, 1949. Furey was a classical violinist before he turned to the Euro-pop, art cabaret music that led him to film-composing, then acting and directing. As a composer, his slippery rhythms and witty harmonies spiced up pictures by Gilles Carle and other moviemakers. In 1985, after acting opposite Carole Laure in Carle's L'ange et la femme, and falling in love with her, Furey directed Night Magic, a musical fantasy he scripted with Leonard Cohen cohen
 or kohen

(Hebrew: “priest”) Jewish priest descended from Zadok (a descendant of Aaron), priest at the First Temple of Jerusalem. The biblical priesthood was hereditary and male.
. The picture, which starred Laure, didn't win over many fans, but this didn't stop Furey from pursuing a career as a feature film and straight-to-video director.

Gratien Gelinas

Director, writer and actor. Born, Saint-Tite-de-Champlain, Que., 1909. A star of Quebec stage from 1936, Gelinas is considered by many to be the godfather of the province's theatre. In 1948, Gelinas wrote Tit-coq (The Cocky One) and performed it hundreds of times in both French and English. It was made into a film which became the most successful feature shot in Quebec during the mini-boom of the 1940s and early 50s. It won Film of the Year at the 1953 Canadian Film Awards. Gelinas is one of the early links between English-and French-speaking Quebec cultural divide as a playwright, actor, theatre manager, and the first chairman of the Canadian Film Development Corporation in 1968.

William Fruet

Director, writer and actor. Born Lethbridge, Alberta, 1933. A prominent player on the English-Canadian film scene in the 1970s, Fruet's early claim to fame was as screenwriter of such ground-breaking films as Goin' Down the Road, Rip-Off and Slipstream To fix a bug or add enhancements to software without identifying such inclusions by creating a new version number. . Fruet had attended the Canadian Theatre School and acted in the first NFB feature, Drylanders. His directorial debut, Wedding in White, won a Canadian Film Award for Best Picture in 1972 and is still considered a classic of the period. In a dissapointing carreer move, Fruet would go on to make several slice-and-dice films during the tax shelter years including Search and Destroy, Death Bite and Killer Party. He continues to direct for television.

Francois Girard

Director and writer. Born Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean, Quebec, 1963. This technically innovative filmmaker stunned English Canada with his brilliant feature, Thirty-two Short Films About Glenn Gould (1993), which garnered Genies for Girard as Best Director and Rhombus Media for Best Picture. Structured in 32 parts, the film utilized drama, documentary, animation and performance art to offer insights into the life of an enigmatic Canadian genius. Those who had seen Girard's award-winning collaboration with the dance troupe Carbone 14, Le Dortoir, were probably less surprised that Girard could score a triumph with difficult material.

Remy Girard

Actor. Born, Jonquiere, Quebec, 1950. A onetime law student turned theatre actor, Girard made his film debut during the mid-1980s. A decade later, he is one of the busiest performers on Quebec's bustling entertainment scene, visible in everything from TV commercials to high drama. An unlikely leading man, chubby and open-faced, Girard slips easily into the role of the modern Everyman. But he also has a puckish puck·ish  
adj.
Mischievous; impish: a puckish grin; puckish wit.



puckish·ly adv.
 quality that gives his characters an ironic amusement with the condition of their lives. Winner of three acting Genies, Girard is most remembered for the jovial (Jules' Own Version of the International Algebraic Language) An ALGOL-like programming language developed by Systems Development Corp. in the early 1960s and widely used in the military. Its key architect was Jules Schwartz.  lecher he played in Denys Arcand's Le declin de l'empire Americain.

Chief Dan George

Actor. Born, Burrard Indian Reserve, North Vancouver, 1899. Died, 1981. After working 28 years as a longshoreman, an injury on the job inadvertently led to a career in acting for the then 47-year-old George. He got his first role in 1960 on CBC-TV's Caribou Caribou, town, United States
Caribou (kâr`ĭb), town (1990 pop. 9,415), Aroostook co., NE Maine, on the Aroostook River; inc. 1859.
 County and then Disney came knocking with the feature Smith, touting George as "the real thing." His most famous role was in Arthur Penn's Little Big Man as Old Lodge Skins--a role originally offered to Sir Laurence Olivier. He was nominated for an Oscar in 1971 for his poignant performance opposite Dustin Hoffman.

Harold Greenberg

Producer. Born, Toronto, 1930. Died, 1996. At Harold Greenberg's funeral, the mourners filled two chapels and spilled out the door of the building where the ceremony took place. Many of them were film industry people come to pay their last respects to a man they thought of as simply "Harold," an unpretentious guy who expanded a retail photography business into Astral (language) Astral - A programming language based on Pascal, never implemented.

["ASTRAL: A Structured and Unified Approach to Database Design and Manipulation", T. Amble et al, in Proc of the Database Architecture Conf, Venice, June 1979].
 Communications, one of the most powerful companies in Canadian media. Aided by members of his family, Greenberg did it all--from producing hit movies to launching Pay-TV and specialty channels. Along the way, this genial entrepreneur and philanthropist contributed both time and money to the promotion of Canada's film culture.

Graham Greene

Actor. Born, Six Nations Reserve, Ontario, 1952. A member of the Oneida tribe, Greene is best known for his Oscar-nominated performance in Dances with Wolves opposite Kevin Cosner. He worked as an audio technician for rock bands before becoming involved in theatre in Britain and Toronto, scoring supporting roles in Running Brave, Revolution and Powwow Highway. An actor of uncommon intensity, Greene gave an astonishing a·ston·ish  
tr.v. as·ton·ished, as·ton·ish·ing, as·ton·ish·es
To fill with sudden wonder or amazement. See Synonyms at surprise.
 performance in Richard Bugjaski's seldom seen Clearcut (1992). He also appeared to good effect as the sole survivor of a pre-WWI Indian tribe INDIAN TRIBE. A separate and distinct community or body of the aboriginal Indian race of men found in the United States.
     2. Such a tribe, situated within the boundaries of a state, and exercising the powers of government and, sovereignty, under the national
 in the cable-TV movie The Last of His Tribe opposite Jon Voight.

Patricia Gruben

Director. Born, Chicago, U.S.A., 1948. One of Canada's most respected avant-garde filmmakers, Gruben emigrated to Canada from Texas in 1972 and has taught film at Simon Fraser University Simon Fraser University, main campus at Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada; provincially supported; coeducational; chartered 1963, opened 1965. The Harbour Centre campus in downtown Vancouver opened in 1989.  since 1984. Her 1981 film Sifted Evidence stands as a landmark exploration of feminist and colonial issues, using language against itself to complicate the story of one woman's trip to Mexico in search of matriarchal ma·tri·arch  
n.
1. A woman who rules a family, clan, or tribe.

2. A woman who dominates a group or an activity.

3. A highly respected woman who is a mother.
 history. After a poorly received foray into commercial features, Gruben refocused her attention to produce Ley Lines 1993, a tour de force return to experimental methods which pursues the idea of family across the ages, according to an associative logic all its own.

Harvey Hart

Director and producer. Born, Toronto, 1928. Died, 1989. Hart, a University of Toronto Research at the University of Toronto has been responsible for the world's first electronic heart pacemaker, artificial larynx, single-lung transplant, nerve transplant, artificial pancreas, chemical laser, G-suit, the first practical electron microscope, the first cloning of T-cells,  graduate, got his start during the 1950s working as a producer and director for CBC-TV. After directing a variety of U.S. TV series from Mannix to Alfred Hitchcock Presents in the 1960s, Hart returned to Canada in 1970. Known for his "international style," he made several features in Canada including Fortune and Men's Eyes (which proved intensely controversial at the time), Goldenrod goldenrod, any species of the large genus Solidago of the family Asteraceae (aster family), chiefly North American weedy herbs. They have small yellow flowers clustered, often in panicles, along a wandlike stem.  (which won him a Canadian Film Award for Best Director), The Pyx and Utilities. Prior to his death, Hart devoted most of his talents to American TV projects such as the mini-series, East of Eden East of Eden is a novel by Nobel Prize winner John Steinbeck, published in September 1952.

Often described as Steinbeck's most ambitious novel, East of Eden
.

Anne Hebert

Novelist, poet and scriptwriter script·writ·er  
n.
One who writes copy to be used by an announcer, performer, or director in a film or broadcast.



script
. Born, Sainte-Catherine-de-Fossambault, Quebec, 1916. Famous author of Kamouraska, Heloise, Les enfants du sabbat and many other novels, Hebert worked as a scriptwriter with the NFB in Montreal from 1953-54. Her co-scripting effort with Claude Jutra led to a somewhat marred film version of Kamouraska, 1973, which may have gone too far to preserve the novel's aleatory aleatory adj. uncertain; usually applied to insurance contracts in which payment is dependent on the occurrence of a contingent event, such as injury to the insured person in an accident or fire damage to his insured building.  approach to memory. Hebert denounced Yves Simoneau's version of her novel Les fous de bassan, but some see it as a better film than Jutra's. Her short story, La canne a peche, was made into a memorable film by Fernand Dansereau in 1959. Hebert has lived in Paris since the mid-1950s.

Martha Henry

Actor. Born, Greenville, Michigan, U.S.A., 1938. Canada's foremost stage actress and winner of four acting Genies, Henry came to Canada in her youth to study theatre and was the National Theatre School's first graduate. Her expansive career as an actor includes 19 seasons at Stratford; the Broadway musical Pal Joey; and award-winning performances in The Wars, Dancing in the Dark, Mustard Bath and Long Day's Journey "Long Day's Journey" is episode 09 of season 4 in the television show Angel. See List of Angel episodes for a complete list. Plot synopsis
Summary
 Into Night. She made her directorial stage debut with Brief Lives in 1980 and won accolades as the artistic director of the Grand Theatre in London, Ontario in the late 1980s. Henry is a Companion of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canada's highest civilian honour within the Canadian system of honours, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Order's Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means "(those) desiring a better country" (Hebrews 11:16). .

John Greyson

Director and writer. Born London, Ontario, 1960. A product of the radical video movement that characterized the downtown art scene in 1980s Toronto, Greyson has remained true to his roots while creating critically acclaimed feature films. His unique combination of wit and didacticism makes Greyson a force for the mainstream to reckon with to settle accounts or claims with; - used literally or figuratively.
to include as a factor in one's plans or calculations; to anticipate.
to deal with; to handle; as, I have to reckon with raising three children as well as doing my job s>.

See also: Reckon Reckon Reckon
, particularly as he creates tales that are unabashedly un·a·bashed  
adj.
1. Not disconcerted or embarrassed; poised.

2. Not concealed or disguised; obvious: unabashed disgust.
 gay in style and content. Urinal urinal /uri·nal/ (u?ri-n'l) a receptacle for urine.

u·ri·nal
n.
A vessel into which urine is passed.
, a Berlin Festival film winner, combined video and film aesthetics as did his astonishing Zero Patience, a musical which that featured the ghosts of Sir Richard Burton Noun 1. Sir Richard Burton - English explorer who with John Speke was the first European to explore Lake Tanganyika (1821-1890)
Burton, Richard Burton, Sir Richard Francis Burton
 and a nearly mythical carrier of the AIDS virus AIDS virus
n.
See HIV.
. His recent Lilies, a prison drama that deals with guilt, homosexuality, priests and young love, garnered a Genie for Best Picture in 1996.

Denis Denis, king of Portugal: see Diniz.  and Claude Heroux

Denis: Producer and director. Born, Montreal, 1940. Claude: Producer. Born, Montreal, While studying history at the University of Montreal, Denis Heroux collaborated with fellow students Denys Arcand and Shephane Venne on a bemused film about student life called Seul ou avec d'autres. By the late 1960s, the urbane Montrealer had become one of Quebec's first successful private industry moviemakers with the hit erotic picture, Valerie. Heroux went on to pioneer international co-productions with such films as Atlantic City and Quest for Fire. and was a co-founder of Alliance Entertainment, a company he had left by the end of the 1980s. Brother Claude produced In Praise of Older Women and a whole slew of tax shelter bombs as well as Cronenberg's breakthrough films, Scanners and Videodrome.

Michael Hirsh, Patrick Loubert and Clive Smith

Hirsh: Born, 1946. Loubert: Born, 1947. Smith: Born, London, U.K., 1944. Nelvana has evolved from a live action and animation house making local educational and broadcast fare to one of the most important producers of children's television programs in the world. The key moment in their development was the realization with Cosmic Christmas (1976) that Loubert, Hirsh and Smith could produce high quality animation for TV. After the financial failure of their early 1980s animation feature Rock and Rule nearly ruined the company, the Nelvana triumvirate Triumvirate (trīŭm`vĭrĭt, –vĭrāt'), in ancient Rome, ruling board or commission of three men. Triumvirates were common in the Roman republic.  recovered their equilibrium with The Care Bears films and TV shows. Deciding to concentrate on the half-hour children's broadcast market, they have since gone on to create such high quality shows as Babar, Tintin and Little Bear.

Co Hoedeman

Animator, director and cinematographer. Born, Amsterdam, Holland, 1940. Hoedeman's mature work neatly divides into two. There is Hoedeman, the fantasist fan·ta·sist  
n.
One that creates a fantasy.

Noun 1. fantasist - a creator of fantasies
creator - a person who grows or makes or invents things
, who has turned Russian dolls, trains and sand sculptures into the stuff of dreams in, respectively, Matrioska, Tchou-tchou, and the Oscar-winning The Sand Castle. Then there's Hoedeman, the mentor, who uses puppets to transform native fables and social concerns into well-meaning but pedestrian films like Lummaq and The Sniffing Bear. One sings, the other doesn't. Hoedeman left The Netherlands for the NFB in 1965; after a try-out as an assistant on educational films, he found a permanent home in the French unit as a full-time animator in 1968.

Robert Joy

Actor. Born, St. John's, NFLD NFLD Newfoundland ., 1951. This former Rhodes Scholar, Robert Joy was one of the founding members of Newfoundland's famed CODCO, with whom he worked as an actor, musician, writer and composer for three years. He moved to New York to work in theatre and became part of the New York Shakespeare Festival New York Shakespeare Festival is the traditional name of a sequence of shows organized by the Public Theater in New York City, most often being held at the Delacorte Theater in Central Park. For years under the guidance of Joseph Papp and George C.  and a regular on Broadway. Joy has appeared in numerous Canadian films, including Ticket to Heaven and Atlantic City, as well as Woody Allen's Radio Days and Shadows and Fog, Forman's Ragtime ragtime: see jazz.
ragtime

U.S. popular music of the late 19th and early 20th centuries distinguished by its heavily syncopated rhythm. Ragtime found its characteristic expression in formally structured piano compositions, the accented left-hand
, and the cult hit, Desperately Seeking Susan with Madonna.

Mike Hoolboom

Director, writer, editor and producer. Born, Toronto, 1959. Prolific and protean pro·te·an
adj.
Readily taking on varied shapes, forms, or meanings.



protean

changing form or assuming different shapes.
, Mike Hoolboom has produced over 40 films, ranging from experimental shorts to daring feature-length dramas (Kanada, Valentine's Day and House of Pain). Often cinematically breathtaking, Hoolboom's works are as visually inventive as Derek Jarman's and as politically courageous as Pier Paolo Pasolini's in their explorations of the troubling intersections of desire, the body, the world, and the nation-state in the chaotic, fearful late 20th century. A major talent whose work has been acclaimed here and abroad, Hoolboom captured the best short film award at the 1996 Toronto International Film Festival for his film about living with HIV HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), either of two closely related retroviruses that invade T-helper lymphocytes and are responsible for AIDS. There are two types of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is responsible for the vast majority of AIDS in the United States. , Letters From Home.

John Ireland

Actor. Born, Victoria, 1914. Died, 1992. Although Ireland's run at accumulating more than 100 on-screen credits landed him in some shabby pictures in the 1970s and 80s, his career featured many high notes. He was discovered while studying under Alfred Lunt and Lynn Fontanne by Margaret Webster. She cast him in the lead in her 1941 Broadway production of Macbeth. His work on the big screen includes John Ford's My Darling Clementine Clementine

forty-niner’s drowned daughter; “lost and gone forever.” [Am. Music: Leach, 236]

See : Grief
, Howard Hawks' Red River, and Stanley Kubrick's Spartacus. He was nominated for an Oscar for his role in All the King's Men. In his later years, Ireland returned to Canada to write his memoirs and star in tax shelter bombs such as Incubus incubus (ĭng`kybəs), lascivious male demon said to possess mortal women as they sleep and to be responsible for the birth of demons, witches, and deformed children.  and Tomorrow Never Comes.

Mark Irwin

Cinematographer. Born, Toronto, 1950. This boy wonder of Canadian cinematographers had shot scores of feature films and documentaries by his mid-20s. Irwin, who studied film at York University, lensed the CBC series The Newcomers and shot his first feature, Starship Invasion, in 1976. He was once dubbed the "prince of darkness" for his distinct low-light shooting style and body of work, which includes Paul Lynch's Blood and Guts, and most of Cronenberg's earlier films. Since the mid-1980s, Irwin has primarily shot big budget Hollywood flicks such as Passenger 57, Dumb and Dumber and Vampire in Brooklyn.

Larry Kent

Director, writer and producer. Born, Johannesburg, South Africa, 1937. Of all the filmmakers from the 1960s, Larry Kent is the most consistently, unjustly underrated, his films suffering from a puzzling neglect by canon-builders and critics alike. Born in South Africa, Kent moved to Vancouver as a 19-year-old. His low-budget mid-1960s feature films, The Bitter Ash and Sweet Substitute, were stylistically brash, sexually frank dramas of post-adolescent angst. After moving to Montreal in the late 1960s, Kent's work, often skeptical assessments of 60s idealism and ground breaking examinations of feminist themes, led him into further into the margins. Sadly, his most recent and impressive film, Mothers and Daughters (1992), went unnoticed and unreleased.

Bonnie Sherr Klein

Director. Born, Philadelphia, U.S.A., 1941. Best known for her controversial 1981 investigation into the sex trade, Not a Love Story. The film, which ignited a wide-ranging debate about pornography, was banned in Ontario and Saskatchewan and went on to be one of the most popular films the NFB has ever made. After moving to Canada in 1967 to protest the Vietnam War Vietnam War, conflict in Southeast Asia, primarily fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerrilla forces aided by North Vietnam. , Klein joined the NFB's Challenge for Change program, making a series of films about social activist Saul Alinsky. Klein moved back to the U.S. in 1970 to establish a community channel in Rochester and direct for PBS PBS
 in full Public Broadcasting Service

Private, nonprofit U.S. corporation of public television stations. PBS provides its member stations, which are supported by public funds and private contributions rather than by commercials, with educational, cultural,
, but returned to Canada in 1975. Her 1989 film, Russian Diary, provided a memorable last glimpse of the Soviet Union before the transition to glasnost glasnost (gläs`nōst), Soviet cultural and social policy of the late 1980s. Following his ascension to the leadership of the USSR in 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev began to promote a policy of openness in public discussions about current and .

Robert Lepage

Director, writer and actor. Born, Quebec City, 1958. In 1995, visionary theatre director Robert Lepage soared to the top of the Canadian film scene with his first picture, Le confessionnal. This visually arresting exploration of familial secrets and lies garnered ecstatic reviews and took four Genies, including Best Director. But one year later, Lepage's follow-up, an adaptation of one of his own plays, Le polygraphe, met with lukewarm reviews, audience indifference and a Genie shut-out. It is now unclear whether or not this incredibly prolific, globe- trotting theatre artist will pursue his adventures in film.

Jacques Leduc

Director, writer and cinematographer. Born, Montreal, 1941. Throughout his career, Leduc has been fascinated by the lives and fates of ordinary Quebecois. As a cameraman and latterly a director, Leduc was involved with the the NFB's direct cinema movement. Following the banning of his controversial non-fiction film Cap d'espoir, Leduc slowly moved away from documentaries to dramas. His fiction features, from the celebrated Tendresse Ten`dresse´

n. 1. Tender feeling; fondness.
 ordinaire through to La vie fantome have continued to emphasize how work and the daily grind of events effect one's emotional and romantic life.

Caroline Leaf

Animator and director. Born, Seattle, U.S.A., 1946. Using simple means--sand, silhouettes and drawings etched directly on to film--Caroline Leaf has created films that posses the disturbing power of dreams Power of Dreams were a Dublin-based pop/rock band, built around Craig and Keith Walker. They released their critically acclaimed EP "A Little Piece of God" on Keith Cullen's Setanta Records in 1989. . Her films have true narrative depth, concentrating on carefully delineated shifts in her character's circumstances. In the Oscar-nominated The Street, a boy in the Montreal Jewish ghetto achieves his goal of getting a bedroom through his grandmother's death. In the Kafkaesque The Metamorphosis of Mr. Samsa, the nightmare of an ordinary man being turned into a cockroach cockroach or roach, name applied to approximately 3,500 species of flat-bodied, oval insects forming the order Blattodea. Cockroaches have long antennae, long legs adapted to running, and a flat extension of the upper body wall that conceals the  is evoked, while in her prize-winning comeback film, Two Sisters, the ugliness of sibling rivalry sibling rivalry Psychology The intense, emotional competition among siblings–brothers and/or sisters that pits one against the other to obtain parental affection, approval, attention, and love. See Cain complex. Cf Oy child, Sibling relational problem.  reaches Gothic proportions.

Richard and Douglas Leiterman

Richard: Cinematographer. Born, South Porcupine, Ontario South Porcupine is a community located within the city of Timmins, Ontario.

The community itself was founded in 1907 as an independent townsite for mining prospectors. It was subsequently merged with into the Township of Tisdale.
, 1935. Douglas: TV director and producer. Born, South Porcupine porcupine, in zoology
porcupine, member of either of two rodent families, characterized by having some of its hairs modified as bristles, spines, or quills.
, 1927. Richard is one of the best and most famous Canadian cinematographers. His early work at the CBC and low-budget films such as Goin' Down the Road, Rip-Off, Wedding in White and Between Friends virtually defined the look of early Canadian features--hand-held direct cinema shot with style and grace. His brother Douglas co-created (with Patrick Watson) CBC's seminal This Hour Has Seven Days This Hour Has Seven Days was a controversial CBC Television newsmagazine which ran from 1964 to 1966. The show, inspired by the British satire series That Was The Week That Was  and directed and produced some the network's most insightful documentaries during the turbulent 1960s.

Arthur Lipsett

Director, editor and writer. Born, Montreal, 1936. Died, 1986. The ghost of experimental film in the NFB documentary machine, Arthur Lipsett is one of Canadian cinema's most original artists and a key figure in the development of experimental cinema. Hired as an editor at the NFB Animation Unit in 1958, Lipsett worked on several masterpieces by Norman McLaren. He soon began reworking stock footage into stunning collage films harshly critical of contemporary culture (Very Nice, Very Nice and Free Fall). Increasingly metaphysical and filled with elusive, even opaque cinematic poetry, his later films demonstrate a transcendental quality rare in Canadian cinema. After leaving the NFB in the early 1970s, Lipsett's output came to a virtual standstill. He took his own life in 1986.

Brenda Longfellow

Writer, director, and producer. Born, Copper Cliff, Ontario Copper Cliff is a community in the Canadian city of Greater Sudbury, Ontario.

It was incorporated as a separate community in 1901, and for a time was in fact larger than the neighbouring community of Sudbury.
, 1954. Well known in Canadian film studies for her theoretical work on feminist and international cinema, Longfellow teaches and directs between articles (or writes between films). Her politically engaged film practice has taken her from an impressionistic im·pres·sion·is·tic  
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or practicing impressionism.

2. Of, relating to, or predicated on impression as opposed to reason or fact: impressionistic memories of early childhood.
 comparison of two icons, Marilyn Monroe and Marilyn Bell in Our Marilyn, to a feminist analysis of the Gerda Munsinger sex scandal in Gerda, and the role of female activists in the former Yugoslavia in A Balkan Journey: Fragments from the Other Side of War. That film won Longfellow a Genie nomination in 1996, while Our Marilyn, which is still her most emotionally affecting work, shared the grand prize at Oberhausen and won the Prix du Publique in Montreal.

William D. MacGillivray

Director, writer and producer. Born, St. John's, NFLD., 1946. A founder of the Atlantic Filmmakers Cooperative in Halifax in 1974, MacGillivray has made lasting contributions to the development of film culture in Atlantic Canada. Out of his fiercely independent production company, Picture Plant, MacGillivray wrote and directed several critically acclaimed films, including Stations (1983) and Life Classes (1986). Concerned with the pressures of mass culture and commercialization on the individual imagination and identity, MacGillivray's films are intelligent, introspective in·tro·spect  
intr.v. in·tro·spect·ed, in·tro·spect·ing, in·tro·spects
To engage in introspection.



[Latin intr
 and formally complex. "Tell your own stories, get to know who you are," exhorts his protagonist in Understanding Bliss: it is MacGillivray's own credo.

Terrence Macartney-Filgate

Director, producer and cinematographer. Born, U.K., 1924. An influential figure in the development of new forms of documentary in Canada, Macartney-Filgate joined the fabled Unit B of the NFB in 1956. Working extensively as a producer and cinematographer on the ground breaking Candid Eye series of film portraits of Canadian life, Macartney-Filgate helped refined the free form, unscripted un·script·ed  
adj.
Not adhering to or in accordance with a script written beforehand: "his unscripted encounters with the press" Eleanor Clift.
, observational approach of the direct cinema movement. He left in the NFB in 1960 to work independently. Rejoining the Board briefly in the late 1960s during its Challenge For Change program, he went on to produce several major docudramas. Macartney-Filgate's most memorable films are The Back-Breaking Leaf, Up Against the System and Dieppe 1942.

Lois Maxwell

Actor. Born Lois Ruth Hooker, Kitchener, Ontario, 1927. Maxwell has had spells in Hollywood and Italy, but spent the majority of her film career in England. There her pleasant personality was always welcome, if somewhat wasted, in playing the unflappable, always hopeful Miss Moneypenny in 14 James Bond films over a period of 24 years. From Dr. No to A View to Kill, Maxwell added a touch of humour and class to the longest-running hots in the history of cinema.

Rene Malo

Producer and distributor. Born, Joliette, Quebec, 1942. A variety show and record producer before entering the film industry, Malo is a major industry player. He built Malofilm into one of Canada's most successful distributor's of Canadian features; as a producer, Malo has been behind some of the best films made in Quebec over the past 10 years: Lanctot's Sonatine, Arcand's Le declin de l'empire americain and Mankiewicz's Les portes tournantes. Malo once said that producers should react to scripts "like a normal person on the street."

David Manners

Actor and writer. Born Ruff de Rythor Juan Acklom, Halifax, 1902. A prolific writer as well as stage and movie actor, Manners claimed his lineage dated back to William the Conqueror William the Conqueror: see William I, king of England. . A second lead in many of Universal's horror films of the 1930s, Manners was the naive Jonathan Harker in Bela Lugosi's Dracula, one of the explorers who discovers Boris Karloff in The Mummy, and starred with both Lugosi and Karloff in Edgar G. Ulmer's classic, The Black Cat. He also played opposite Katherine Hepburn in A Bill of Divorcement A Bill of Divorcement is a British play written by Clemence Dane that debuted in 1921 in London. Dane wrote it as a reaction to a law passed in Britain in the early 1920s that allowed insanity as grounds for a woman divorcing her husband.  in 1932. Manners left Hollywood in the 1940s for the New York stage and a career as a novelist.

Derek May

Director and writer. Born, London, U.K., 1932. Died, 1992. Leonard Cohen once described his friend Derek May as a man with an acute sense of "upset," an uncanny ability to turn seemingly ordinary ideas on their heads and make them fascinating. Trained in visual arts (painting, sculpting sculpting Cosmetic surgery The surgical reshaping of a tissue. See Deep tissue sculpting, Facial sculpting. ), May's remarkable films offer evidence of Cohen's theory. Beginning at the NFB in 1965 as an assistant editor, May would direct films such as Angel, Pandora--films which merged documentary, experimental, and personal styles. His final film, Projections (1992), a beguiling and insightful portrait of another artist of "upset," Krzyztof Wodicko, was an impressive swan song for a filmmaking life too soon cut short.

Bill Mason

Director, editor and cinematographer. Born, Winnipeg, 1929. Died, 1989. One the world's best director and photographer of nature films, Mason worked at the NFB from 1962 to 1984 where he directed, shot and edited some of the Board's most popular shorts, including the enduring Paddle to the Sea in 1966. His one and only feature, Cry of the Wild, released in 1974, grossed $1-million in its first week of release and went on to become the most successful feature to be produced by the Board. A devoted naturalist and expert canoeist, Mason wrote The Path of the Paddle in 1980, with a forward by another canoe enthusiast, Pierre Trudeau.

Don McKellar

Actor and writer. Born, Toronto, 1963. To connoisseurs of Canadian cinema, McKellar is best known for his collaborations with Bruce MacDonald: he wrote Roadkill road·kill  
n.
1. An animal or animals killed by being struck by a motor vehicle.

2. Slang One that has failed or been defeated and is no longer worthy of consideration:
, Highway 61 and co-wrote Dance Me Outside, and appeared in Roadkill and Highway 61. McKellar also wrote the Genie-winning Thirty-two Short Films About Glenn Gould, and wrote and directed a controversial short about pornography, Blue, starring David Cronenberg. Sometimes called a "renaissance man" for his diversity and originality, McKellar is also a prodigious writer for the stage (The Man With the Million Pound Note, and Ends & Odds). His role as an idiosyncratic id·i·o·syn·cra·sy  
n. pl. id·i·o·syn·cra·sies
1. A structural or behavioral characteristic peculiar to an individual or group.

2. A physiological or temperamental peculiarity.

3.
 pet shop owner in Atom Egoyan's Exotica ex·ot·i·ca  
pl.n.
Things that are curiously unusual or excitingly strange: such gustatory exotica as killer bee honey and fresh catnip sauce.
 won him a Best Supporting Genie in 1995.

Sheila McCarthy

Actor. Born, 1956. As the airborne, quirky Polly, Sheila McCarthy made her first notable impression on the Canadian movie scene in Patricia Rozema's I've Heard the Mermaids Singing in 1987. She won her first Genie for that performance. When Rozema and McCarthy worked together again, on White Room, the response was less than favourable. However, little harm was done to McCarthy's career which has hummed along at a steady pace with varied roles in conventional Hollywood pictures (Die Hard 2, Paradise), local fare such as The Lotus Eaters (which brought her a second Genie), George's Island and on-stage at Stratford, Shaw and the Grand Theatre.

Deepa Mehta

Director. Born, Bombay, India, 1949. Although Mehta's father was a film distributor and she grew up watching popular Bombay musicals, her university studies led to a degree in philosophy, not film. In 1973 she immigrated to Canada, married Paul Saltzman, and together they started up Sunrise Films. Mehta proved to be an industrious and talented writer, editor and director of short films and documentaries. Her features include Sam & Me, which won an Honourable Mention at Cannes in 1991, Camilla (with Jessica Tandy and Bridget Fonda) and Fire, the first in a trilogy set in India. Her reputation in the Canadian film industry is of a woman not to be trifled with.

Peter Pearson

Director and writer. Born Toronto, 1938. Pearson won many Canadian Film Awards for his stunning debut film, The Best Damn Fiddler From Calabogie to Kaladar, and Paperback Hero, still the best film ever made about the Canadian Prairies. Well-known as a screenwriter, he co-wrote (with Robin Spry) the award-winning One Man. He made several documentaries for CBC-TV and NFB and he directed many of the innovative dramas for CBC's For the Record. Pearson went on to head Telefilm tel·e·film  
n.
A film produced for television broadcasting.

Noun 1. telefilm - a movie that is made to be shown on television
 Canada's Broadcast Fund and was CEO of the federal funding agency from 1985 to 1987.

Peter Mettler

Director, cinematographer, editor and producer. Born, Toronto, 1958. One of the most important figures to emerge out of the Ontario New Wave of the early 1980s, Peter Mettler studied filmmaking at Ryerson. Cinematographer for fellow filmmakers Atom Egoyan, Bruce McDonald, Patricia Rozema and others, Mettler's own films are astonishing dramas of technology and perception which examine cinema's mysteries of sound and vision while enacting them on screen. Blurring the borders between experimental and narrative cinema, and always with a stunning visual and aural design, Mettler's films include Scissere, Eeastern Avenue, The Top of His Head, Tectonic Plates and Picture of Light.

Brian Moore

Writer. Born, Belfast, Northern Ireland, 1921. This internationally acclaimed novelist is known for writing screenplays between books. Two of Moore's novels became Canadian-made feature films based on his screen treatments. The first, The Luck of Ginger Coffey, was inspired by his four-year stint as a proofreader and reporter at The Montreal Gazette. In 1991, Black Robe was brought to the screen and won several Genies, including Best Picture. The author's other screen efforts include Hitchcock's Torn Curtain and an adaptation of his novel, The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne. Moore, a Canadian citizen since the 1950s, now resides in California.

Terre Nash

Director, writer and editor. Born, British Columbia. Nash gained attention in 1982 when her anti-nuclear film, If You Love This Planet, was denounced by the U.S. Justice department as propaganda and then went on to win an Oscar. Working freelance with the NFB's women's unit, Nash has made a specialty of profiling smart, politically engaged women in films ranging from Speaking Our Peace, to A Love Affair with Politics: A Portrait of Marion Dewar, and her latest, Who's Counting? Marilyn Waring on Sex, Lies and Global Economics, made in 1995. Compelling and beautiful to watch, Who's Counting found ingenious visual analogies to illustrate the alternative economic analyses developed by Waring, a former Australian MP.

Ishu Patel

Animator, director and producer. Born, Jalsan, India, 1942. A visionary philosophy combined with innovative technical prowess has allowed this gifted animator to produce a unique body of work. Born in India and trained in Switzerland, Patel found a congenial working environment at the NFB in the 1970s. There he was able to create abstract worlds in a series of films that utilized beads, intricately designed backgrounds and back-lit plasticine figures. From How Death Came to Earth through Afterlife to Divine Fate, he has pursued with great art and style his project of animating religious and mythical concepts and tales. Patel's masterpiece remains Paradise (1984), an Oscar-nominated parable about envy that is as luminous as the castle in which the tale is played out.

Kaj Pindal

Animator and director. Born, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1927. A naturally gifted cartoonist, Pindal worked as an animator in Sweden and at Denmark's legendary Nordisk Film Company before emigrating to Canada and the NFB in 1957. His love of machinery and outrageous character designs qualified the puckish Pindal for a prime spot in the Board's burgeoning Animation Department during the 1960s and 70s. There he won kudos for his sprightly spright·ly  
adj. spright·li·er, spright·li·est
Full of spirit and vitality; lively; brisk.

adv.
In a lively, animated manner.



spright
 animation of Derek Lamb's I Know an Old Lady who Swallowed a Fly and his own satirical peek at car culture What On Earth! Pindal remains an important influence in Canadian animation through teaching stints at Sheridan College, his on-going work on the barnyard Peep creatures, and the animation, with Lamb, of the Third World hero, The Karate Kid.

Gordon Pinsent

Actor, writer and director. Born, Grand Falls, NFLD., 1930. Pinsent, a versatile character actor and one of the most enduring Canadian screen talents, has seen two of his novels--The Rowdyman and John and the Missus--brought to the screen. He starred in both productions, and directed the latter. Pinsent's career started at the Manitoba Theatre Centre Manitoba Theatre Centre (MTC) is Canada's oldest English-language regional theatre. Next to the Stratford and Shaw Festivals, MTC has a higher annual attendance than any other theatre in the country.  and from there moved on to Stratford, across Canada's theatrical circuit and to the U.S. His film credits include Who Has Seen the Wind and Jack London's Klondike Fever. His small-screen work includes A Gift to Last, Due South, and The Red Green Show. He has been awarded the Order of Canada, two Genies, two ACTRA (language) Actra - A multi-processor exemplar-based Smalltalk.

[LaLonde et al, OOPSLA '86].
 awards and the 1997 Earle Grey Award The Earle Grey Award is the Lifetime Achievement Award of the Canadian Gemini Awards. The Earle Grey Award is presented annually to an actor or actress in recognition of their body of work in television.  for lifetime achievement.

Anne-Claire Poirier

Director and producer. Born, Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec, 1932. One of the first women directors at the NFB, Poirier pre-figured the feminist movement with such films as De mere en fille (1967), and became the dominant force behind women's production at the Board. For rhetorical force, nothing in her oeuvre matches the 1979 docudrama Mourir a tue-tete, which combines footage of ritual clitorectamy and an episodic narrative to convey the emotional disintegration and eventual suicide of a nurse victimized by rape. More recently Poirier co-directed Il ya longtemps que je t'aime, an often indicting film montage of the image of woman in Quebec cinema.

Gerald Potterton

Director, producer and animator. Born, London, England, 1931. Few Canadian careers have been as colourful as that of Potterton. He has collaborated with Harold Pinter (Pinter People), Buster Keaton (The Railroader) and Donald Pleasance (The Rainbow Boys), run his own studio, and directed the highest grossing animated feature in Canada, Heavy Metal. Arriving in Canada in the mid-1950s, Potterton was in the forefront of the animation wave which shook the NFB; by the early 1960s, he found himself twice nominated for Oscars for My Financial Career and Christmas Cracker. His comic sense proved equally adept in both live action and animated films, allowing Potterton to direct features, theatrical shorts and television programmes in either format.

Alexandra Raffe

Producer. Born, Singapore, 1956. In Canada since 1978, Raffe spent 10 years with the Xerox Corporation before finding her calling as a hands-on producer of Patricia Rozema's wildly successful I've Heard the Mermaids Singing. Coming as it did just one year after the creation of the OFDC, Mermaids success launched Ontario's New Wave and lead the way to the smart film festival/commercial marketing of a series of low- budget films by Egoyan, McDonald, Mettler and many others. Raffe's next film, Rozema's follow-up White Room, didn't fair so well, but she regained her footing with three films in 1993, I Love a Man in Uniform, Lotus Eaters and John Greyson ground-breaking gay musical, Zero Patience. Raffe currently is the CEO of the OFDC.

Mort Ransen

Director and writer. Born, Montreal, 1933. Like many of his contemporaries, Mort Ransen began his filmmaking career at NFB and later moved into private sector production. While at the Board he made a number of short documentary portraits of his restless generation, culminating, in 1968, in one of the most peculiar, engaging and telling examinations of the 1960s ever filmed, Christopher's Movie Matinee. After producing several notable shorts in the 1970s, Ransen left the NFB in 1984 to work independently, turning his attention to feature dramas such as Bayo and Falling Over Backwards. His most recent film, Margaret's Museum, won rave reviews internationally and, in Canada, captured a multitude of Genie awards in 1996.

Harry Rasky

Director, writer and producer. Born, Toronto, 1928. This internationally acclaimed Canadian filmmaker is best known for his biographies of famous people including The Passions of Leonard Cohen, Homage to Chagall -- The Colours of Love and Stratosphere. Rasky's unique, innovative documentary films have often been dubbed "Raskymentaries" for combining documentary and fiction-film elements. Rasky began his career as a newspaper and radio journalist and then wrote and directed CBC news programs in the early 1950s. From 1957 through the 1960s, he made freelance documentaries for every major English-language network. Considered a "chronicler of greatness and historical atrocities," his most recent documentary was Prophecy.

Al Razutis

Director, writer and editor. Born, Bamberg, Germany, 1946. This Vancouver-based teacher, critic and filmmaker has produced two major "cycles" of thematically linked short experimental films: Visual Essays: Origins of Film (1972-83), described by Razutis as a "structural investigation of the primitive silent cinema"; and Amerika (1972-83), an epic, phantasmagoric phan·tas·ma·go·ri·a   also phan·tas·ma·go·ry
n. pl. phan·tas·ma·go·ri·as also phan·tas·ma·go·ries
1.
a. A fantastic sequence of haphazardly associative imagery, as seen in dreams or fever.

b.
 and decidedly dystopian dys·to·pi·an  
adj.
1. Of or relating to a dystopia.

2. Dire; grim: "AIDS is one of the dystopian harbingers of the global village" Susan Sontag.

Adj.
 descent into the gloom of western industrialized in·dus·tri·al·ize  
v. in·dus·tri·al·ized, in·dus·tri·al·iz·ing, in·dus·tri·al·iz·es

v.tr.
1. To develop industry in (a country or society, for example).

2.
 society. In these larger works and in more recent films, Razutis' frequently ferocious interrogations of contemporary culture utilize a variety of optical and sonic techniques (collage, layering, etc.) to penetrate and illuminate the contours of the cacophony of modernity.

David Rimmer

Director, writer and editor. Born, Vancouver, 1942. One of the Canadian experimental cinema's most internationally acclaimed filmmakers, David Rimmer is based in Vancouver and has assembled a remarkable body of meditative, finely nuanced films which expose and investigate the material properties of the very images of which they are constituted. His most celebrated early films include Surfacing on the Thames and Canadian Pacific, both made in the 1970s. Rimmer's recent films (Black Cat, White Cat and Lizard Music) have merged his philosophical and aesthetic preoccupations in a striking stylistic hybrid of documentary and diary, infused with the insistent interrogations of image and epistemology evident in his earlier work.

Guy Roberge

Administrator. Born, St. Ferdinand d'Halifax, Quebec, 1915. Film Commissioner and head of the NFB from 1957 to 1965, Roberge was the first French Canadian to hold that position. He initiated many changes at the Board including scrapping the long-running theatrical series Canada Carries On and initiating French-language production and television production. He lobbied persistently for the creation of a feature film fund that would stand alone from the NFB and CBC. He took the matter to Cabinet, but was transferred to Paris to become the Agent General for Quebec before the legislation to create the CFDC CFDC Community Futures Development Corporation (Nelson, BC, Canada)
CFDC Canadian Film Development Corporation
CFDC Clean Fuels Development Coalition
CFDC Continuous Flow Diffusion Chamber
CFDC Community Futures Development Centre
 (now Telefilm) was enacted by Parliament in 1967.

Vic Sarin sarin (zärēn`), volatile liquid used as a nerve gas. It boils at 147°C; but evaporates quickly at room temperature; its vapor is colorless and odorless.  

Cinematographer and director. Born, Srinagar, Kashmir, India, 1941. This multi-award winning cinematographer is one of Canada's best and has worked with many of Canada's top directors on such feature films as Margaret's Museum for Mort Ransen, Bye Bye Blues for Anne Wheeler, and Heartaches for Don Shebib. Sarin made a strong feature film directing debut in 1990 with Cold Comfort. He has numerous credits on scores of CBC-TV productions as well as directing the documentary The Other Kingdom and the TV movie Family Reunion. Known for his stunning shots of Canada's winter landscape, Sarin once said he came to the Great White North because of the snow.

Craig Russell

Actor. Born, Russell Craig Eadie, Toronto, 1948. Died, 1990. There was no competition when Russell lay claim to the title of "Canada's best-known female impersonator female impersonator Vox populi Drag queen, see there ." At 16, he founded the Mae West Fan Club with a phony list of 25 names and four years later, he was West's secretary for nine months. West became the inspiration for his best impersonation Impersonation
Patroclus

wore the armor of Achilles against the Trojans to encourage the disheartened Greeks. [Gk. Lit.: Iliad]

Prisoner of Zenda, The
. His lead role as a gay hairdresser in the surprise 1977 hit film Outrageous! was bewitching be·witch  
tr.v. be·witched, be·witch·ing, be·witch·es
1. To place under one's power by or as if by magic; cast a spell over.

2. To captivate completely; entrance. See Synonyms at charm.
. On condition that he cut out the booze and drugs during production, Russell added some shine to the otherwise lacklustre lacklustre or US lackluster
Adjective

lacking brilliance, force, or vitality

Adj. 1. lacklustre - lacking brilliance or vitality; "a dull lackluster life"; "a lusterless performance"
 sequel, Too Outrageous!, a decade later. Unfortunately, his addictions would take his life at 42.

Saul Rubinek

Actor. Born: Wolfrathausen, Germany, 1948. Born in a German refugee camp, Saul Rubinek grew up in Toronto where he co-founded the Toronto Free Theatre and established himself on stage in both Canada and the U.S. He got his film debut in Agency, and won a Genie award in 1982 for his work in Ticket to Heaven. In the U.S. his work has been in mostly supporting roles -- opposite Alan Alda in Sweet Liberty and Clint Eastwood and Gene Hackman in Unforgiven. Rubinek received particular acclaim for his starring performance as an Orthodox Jewish rabbi in the provocative 1992 Canadian film, The Quarrel. Currently he stars opposite Ted Dansen in TV's Ink.

Cynthia Scott

Actor and director. Born, Winnipeg, 1939. Known as a talented documentarian doc·u·men·tar·i·an   also doc·u·men·ta·rist
n.
One that makes documentaries or a documentary.
 who made solid social purpose and slice-of-life films (including Flamenco at 5:15, for which she won an Oscar in 1984), Scott gained international attention in 1990 with her endearing docudrama, Company of Strangers, about seven elderly women stranded at a deserted farmhouse. Featuring no professional actors and spontaneous dialogue, this film managed to be both heartwarming heart·warm·ing or heart-warm·ing  
adj.
1. Causing gladness and pleasure.

2. Eliciting sympathy and tender feelings: a heartwarming tale.

Adj. 1.
 and radical, building sympathy for a soft-spoken lesbian in her 70s and raking in over a dozen awards. In her other incarnation, Scott has played a corporal in Aliens and a waitress in Rush.

Michael Sarrazin

Actor. Born, Quebec City, 1940. Initially cast as a youngster undergoing initiation at the hands of older men, Michael Sarrazin prepared for the stage at New York's Actors Studio. He made his screen debut with the NFB and later got into feature films via American TV. He connected with youthful audiences in the 1968 surfing saga, The Sweet Ride, which co-starred longtime girlfriend Jacqueline Bisset, and opposite Jane Fonda in the harrowing melodrama, They Shoot Horses, Don't They? but never got beyond the brink of stardom. In recent years he's taken many unsympathetic roles, including white-collar criminals.

Beverly Shaffer

Director. Born, Montreal, 1945. A skilled documentarist with a great eye for detail, Shaffer joined the NFB in the mid-1970s and is best known for her work on the Children of Canada series (1975-1978), including I'll Find a Way, for which she won an Oscar in 1977. More recently, Shaffer directed seven instalments for the Board's Children of Jerusalem series, which explores questions of identity and cultural conflict through profiles of Arab and Jewish youths. Her 1987 film, To a Safer Place, won awards for its uplifting story of an incest survivor in her 30s who has succeeded in building a full life after years of abuse.

Kathleen Shannon

Producer. Born, Vancouver, 1935. The star in Shannon's documentary filmmaking legacy is the fact that she founded the NFB's Studio D. From 1975 to 1986, Shannon ran the woman's studio with the idea that films are meant to affect change in the world. Under her tutelage TUTELAGE. State of guardianship; the condition of one who is subject to the control of a guardian. , Studio D produced, among others, Not A Love Story and If You Love this Planet. Shannon joined the NFB in 1956 as a music editor, worked her way into picture editing, and produced and directed her first film in 1971. She is an officer of the Order of Canada.

Martin Short

Actor. Born, Hamilton, Ontario, 1950. The son of an Irish-born steel executive and his concert-violinist wife, Martin Short began performing at McMaster University where he majored in social work. After graduation he moved to Toronto where he began his professional career in 1972 in the legendary production of Godspell. In 1977 he joined the Second City improvisational group and later, SCTV SCTV Second City Television
SCTV Slow Scan Television
SCTV Sea Cadet Training Vessel (Canada)
SCTV Separation and Control Test Vehicle
. He scored his first success on TV in the 1984 season of Saturday Night Live This article is about the American television series. For the show related to Big Brother (UK), see Saturday Night Live (UK).

Saturday Night Live (SNL
 and has had a spotty career both on TV and film ever since. He has made some truly dreadful comedies but did his annoying best as "Franck," the wedding coordinator from Hell, in Father of the Bride.

Mina Shum

Writer and director. Born, Hong Kong, 1966. One of the freshest new voices in Canadian cinema, Vancouver-based Shum has so far made a specialty out of light but filling comedies exploring what it's like to be Chinese, Canadian and female. Of her six short films, Me, Mom and Mona stands out for its stylishly loopy depiction of the main women in her life. Shum developed her semi-autobiographical first feature, Double Happiness, while a resident at the Canadian Film Centre, and has won best film awards at home and in Germany and Italy. Sandra Oh, who earned a Genie for her role in the film, plays an aspiring young actress caught between love and responsibility, affection for her family and anger at their Old World ways.

John Spotton

Director, producer, cinematographer and editor. Born, Toronto, 1927. Died, 1991. His wall at the National Film Board prominently featured a still of Buster Keaton. It was an ironic recognition that Buster Keaton Rides Again was Spotton's finest achievement in a long career as a supposedly pragmatic filmmaker. For over four decades, Spotton functioned as a jack-of-all-trades, producing, directing, shooting and editing films mainly at the NFB. Although loyal to his bureaucratic masters, he was not averse to subversive activity, most notably in the case of Nobody Waves Goodbye. As Don Owen's cinematographer and editor, Spotton was complicit com·plic·it  
adj.
Associated with or participating in a questionable act or a crime; having complicity: newspapers complicit with the propaganda arm of a dictatorship.
 in the secretive expansion of a half hour documentary on delinquents into a ground-breaking feature drama. Spotton also shot many of Tom Daly's memorable direct cinema efforts for the Board's Unit B and co-directed the moving Holocaust film, Memorandum, with Donald Brittain.

Anne Wheeler

Director and producer. Born, Edmonton, 1946. Following an eclectic early career in computer programming and music education, Wheeler has emerged as one of Canada's finest storytellers, blending the social conscience of an NFB doc with a firm grip on story structure in such films as Loyalties, Bye Bye Blues and The War Between Us. Friendships between women, WWII and prairie history have been major concerns throughout her career, which began at Filmwest with Great Grandmothers, a short film about pioneer women. Since then Wheeler has worked on some 26 film and TV projects, including adaptations of two Margaret Laurence stories, To Set Our House in Order and The Diviners.

Michael Spencer

Administrator. Born, U.K., 1919. Former producer and director at the NFB, Spencer was the executive director of the Canadian Film Development Corporation during its first formative decade. As director of planning for the Board, he played a major role in the creation of the CFDC. He was named executive director in 1969 and left the CFDC in 1978 with opinions differing on his contribution to Canadian film culture, but there is no doubt that during his tenure the film industry in Canada was transformed. Although chronically underfunded un·der·fund  
tr.v. un·der·fund·ed, un·der·fund·ing, un·der·funds
To provide insufficient funding for.

underfunded adjinfradotado (económicamente) 
, the CFDC, contributed funds to Goin' Down the Road, The Rowdyman, Paperback Hero, The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz, and many others; seminal Canadian films, without which we would have no feature-film culture whatsoever.

Robin Spry

Director, producer and writer. Born, Toronto, 1939. A pioneer of the emerging English-Canadian film scene in the late 1960s, Spry first got interested in film while attending university in Britain. When he returned in 1965, he joined the NFB as an assistant director and later made several docudramas focusing on social issues including Flowers on a One-Way Street. Spry's first feature, Prologue, won a British Academy Award. His 1977 feature film, One Man, won seven Canadian Film Awards. Other works include the TV film Drying Up the Streets and the features Suzanne and Obsessed ob·sess  
v. ob·sessed, ob·sess·ing, ob·sess·es

v.tr.
To preoccupy the mind of excessively.

v.intr.
. In recent years, he has produced films such as Une historie inventee and Malarek through his Montreal-based firm, Telescene.

R.H. Thomson

Actor and director. Born, Toronto, 1947. Thomson majored at university in math and physics, but left the lab for the stage in his youth. This remarkable talented actor, an English-Canadian Everyman, has over 40 screen credits to his name, and despite the more lucrative fees he could get for acting in Hollywood films, Thomson has resolutely remained in Canada. He has won every major acting award in theatre, film and TV and has shown considerable range from the waterfront thug in Canada's Sweetheart: The Saga of Hal C. Banks Harold Chamberlain "Hal" Banks (February 28, 1909 - September 24, 1985) from Waterloo, Iowa was a controversial labour union leader in Canada. An American with mob connections, he came to Canada in 1949 to help bust purportedly Communist-controlled shipping unions and establish the  to a survivor of the Holocaust in The Quarrel. Currently, he hosts CBC-TV's long-running Man Alive series--a role he has said suits his "opinionated o·pin·ion·at·ed  
adj.
Holding stubbornly and often unreasonably to one's own opinions.



[Probably from obsolete opinionate : opinion + -ate1.
" disposition.

John Weldon

Animator, director and musician. Born, Belleville, Ontario, 1945. In the comic world of John Weldon, average Canadians are confronted by absurd circumstances that tear away the fragile underpinnings of their lives. His Oscar-winning Special Delivery, co-directed by Eunice Macaulay, follows a postman, his wife and her lover as they work their way through a darkly humorous scenario of love, death, misunderstanding and exile. Questions of identity are played out in several of Weldon's films. To Be, an animated sequel to The Fly, raises the ante on Hamlet's soliloquy soliloquy, the speech by a character in a literary composition, usually a play, delivered while the speaker is either alone addressing the audience directly or the other actors are silent.  by duplicating a scientist through a teleport machine. Made before Who Framed Roger Rabbit, his stylish Real Inside has a toon--a cartoon creation--apply for a job because he wants to be human too. Appropriately, Weldon's most recent effort is entitled Scant Sanity.

Sandra Wilson

Director. Born, Penticton, B.C., 1947. Talented but unfortunately cursed with a taste for pure Okanagan tree sap, Wilson made a splash with her 1986 debut feature, My American Cousin, about a pre-pubescent girl's first big crush, but floundered with the sequel, American Boyfriends. Harmony Cats (1993) was even more of a disappointment, pitting an arrogant city musician against country folk with the most predictable results. Wilson began her film career in 1970 with Penticton Profile, and things looked promising in 1977 with the experimental short Growing Up in Paradise, structured around her father's home movies.

Kenneth Welsh

Actor. Born, Edmonton, 1942 With lead roles in Perfectly Normal, Margaret's Museum, Whale Music and the CBC-TV movies Dieppe and Love and Hate, Welsh is a familiar face on Canadian screens. He is equally known south of the border, with roles in such films as The Freshman, The January Man, Heartburn heartburn, burning sensation beneath the breastbone, also called pyrosis. Heartburn does not indicate heart malfunction but results from nervous tension or overindulgence in food or drink.  and Clint Eastwood's latest, Absolute Power. He worked on and off Broadway from 1976 to 1989 where his biggest hit was starring opposite Kathy Bates Bates   , Katherine Lee 1859-1929.

American educator and writer best known for her poem "America the Beautiful," written in 1893 and revised in 1904 and 1911.
 in Terrence McNally's Frankie and Johnny. Welsh also received good notices for the play he conceived, Standup stand·up or stand-up  
adj.
1. Standing erect; upright: a standup collar.

2. Taken, done, or used while standing: a standup supper; a standup bar.
 Shakespeare, which the New Yorker called "77 minutes of enchantment."

Joyce Wieland

Artist and filmmaker. Born, Toronto, 1931. Considered the "mother" of Canadian experimental cinema, Wieland has explored her woman-centred artist's territory through some 15 avant-garde films, one feature (The Far Shore), paintings and political quilts. Her 1966 film Water Sark has been held up as a key instance of feminine ecriture, dramatizing the discovery of a filmic film·ic  
adj.
Of, relating to, or characteristic of movies; cinematic.



filmi·cal·ly adv.
 language based on the female body, while Reason Over Passion (1968-69) sums up her impassioned but critical approach to Canadian nationalism. Grounded in a sense of the female body/ bawdy bawd·y  
adj. bawd·i·er, bawd·i·est
1. Humorously coarse; risqué.

2. Vulgar; lewd.



bawdi·ly adv.
, Wieland's work has consistently exploded categories of high and low art, the political and the personal, the artistic and the domestic.

Adolf Zukor

Distributor and exhibitor. Born, Risce, Hungary, 1873. Died, 1976. Founder of Paramount Pictures, Adolf Zukor was far from the only one involved in a bid to annihilate an·ni·hi·late  
v. an·ni·hi·lat·ed, an·ni·hi·lat·ing, an·ni·hi·lates

v.tr.
1.
a. To destroy completely: The naval force was annihilated during the attack.
 competition, but perhaps he was the most successful--and certainly through his control of Famous Players Canadian Corporation (FPCC FPCC Fuel System Control Console ), he came to dominate the Canadian film industry. Zukor's strategy was simple. With the aid of a massive loan from the Morgan Bank, he embarked on a process of acquiring theatres across North America. The stifling control FPCC had on the film industry in Canada lead to, in 1930, an investigation under the Combines Investigation Act. Despite the mass of evidence and the persuasive conclusion of Commissioner White that FPCC's operations were detrimental to the public interest, no conviction resulted. The problems for the Canadian film producer in the 1930s and 40s were virtually insurmountable and continue to this day. Zukor, who, like John Grierson, was never a Canadian citizen, has had the most profound impact on the (lack of) development of a Canadian feature film industry than any other single individual.
COPYRIGHT 1997 Canadian Independent Film & Television Publishing Association
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1997, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

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