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Development of toll roads in Indonesia.

The country needs many more toll roads The following is a list of toll roads. Toll roads are roads on which a toll authority collects a fee for use. This list also contains toll bridges and toll tunnels. Lists of these subsets of toll roads can be found in List of toll bridges and List of toll tunnels.  to facilitate its economic development. Even Java, the most densely populated pop·u·late  
tr.v. pop·u·lat·ed, pop·u·lat·ing, pop·u·lates
1. To supply with inhabitants, as by colonization; people.

2.
 island with the highest Gross Domestic Product (GDP GDP (guanosine diphosphate): see guanine. ) in the country still needs more toll roads despite brisk Brisk as a proper name may refer to:
  • Brest, Belarus (Brest-Litovsk) Brisk (בריסק) is the city's name in Yiddish
  • The Brisk yeshivas and methods, a school of Jewish thought originated by the Soloveitchik family of Brest.
 development of the infrastructure in the island.

Indonesia Indonesia (ĭn'dənē`zhə), officially Republic of Indonesia, republic (2005 est. pop. 241,974,000), c.735,000 sq mi (1,903,650 sq km), SE Asia, in the Malay Archipelago. , which is much bigger than Malaysia Malaysia (məlā`zhə), independent federation (2005 est. pop. 23,953,000), 128,430 sq mi (332,633 sq km), Southeast Asia. The official capital and by far the largest city is Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya is the adminstrative capital.  both in population and territory is far lagging Lagging

Strategy used by a firm to stall payments, normally in response to exchange rate projections.
 behind that neighboring neigh·bor  
n.
1. One who lives near or next to another.

2. A person, place, or thing adjacent to or located near another.

3. A fellow human.

4. Used as a form of familiar address.

v.
 country in total length of toll roads.

Despite the fact that Malaysia began building toll roads only ten years after Indonesia, but that country already has toll roads totaling around 1,600 km leaving Indonesia behind with around 700 kilometers of toll roads.

Toll roads are vital infrastructure to support economic development, therefore, toll road development is a priority in the country's infrastructure development program.

The government plans development of many toll roads to reach a total length of 19,370 kilometers in 2014. The toll road projects are located in Sumatra Sumatra (smä`trə), island (1990 pop. 36,471,731), c.183,000 sq mi (473,970 sq km), Indonesia, in the Indian Ocean along the equator, S and W of the Malay Peninsula (from which it , Java, Bali Bali (bä`lē), island and (with two offshore islets) province (1990 pop. 2,777,356), c.2,200 sq mi (5,700 sq km), E Indonesia, westernmost of the Lesser Sundas, just E of Java across the narrow Bali Strait. The capital is Denpasar. , Kalimantan Kalimantan: see Borneo. , Sulawesi Sulawesi (s'läwā`sē), formerly Celebes (sĕl`əbēz), island (1990 pop. 12,511,163), c. , West Nusa Tenggara West Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Barat) is a province in south-central Indonesia. It covers the western portion of the Lesser Sunda Islands, except for Bali. , East Nusa Tenggara East Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Timur) is a province of Indonesia, located in the eastern portion of the Lesser Sunda Islands, including West Timor. The provincial capital is Kupang, located on West Timor.  and Papua Papua, province, Indonesia
Papua (păp`ə, –y
.

Toll Road Development Strategies

The objectives of toll road development include facilitating economic development, to facilitate links between areas and to cope with traffic jams.

The government has set toll road development in priority since 2006 with a number of targets :

First to build secondary trunk/feeder in Java covering the routes of Ciawi-Sukabumi-Bandung and Cilenyi-Sumedang-Dawuan.

Second is to build main trunk A communications channel between two points. It generally refers to a high-bandwidth, fiber-optic line between telephone switching centers (central offices). Telephone "trunks" handle thousands of simultaneous voice and data signals, whereas telephone "lines" are the wires from the  in Java connecting the western and eastern ends of Java with the route of Merak-Jakarta-Cikampek-Cirebon-Semarang-SoloSurabaya-Banyuwangi. The main and secondary trunks will make up the system of Trans Java toll road.

Third is development of toll roads in big cities as growth centers in Java such as Greater Jakarta Jakarta or Djakarta (both: jəkär`tə, jäkär`tä), city and special district (1990 pop. 8,227,746), capital and largest city of Indonesia, NW Java, at the mouth of the canalized Ciliwung River, on Jakarta , Yogyakarta Yogyakarta (yōg'yəkär`tə, yōk'–), Jogjakarta (jōg'–, jōk'–), or Djokjakarta (jōk'–), city (1990 pop. ,-Solo,-Semarang (Joglosemar), and Surabaya Surabaya, Surabaja, or Soerabaja (srəbī`ə, Du. s .

Development of toll roads in large cities outside Java including Medan, Palembang Palembang (pälĕmbäng`), city (1990 pop. 1,144,047), capital of South Sumatra province, on SE Sumatra, Indonesia. The island's largest city, it is a deepwater port on both banks of the Musi River and the trade and shipping center for the S , Riau For other uses, see Riau (disambiguation).

Riau is a province of Indonesia, located in the center of Sumatra island along the Strait of Malacca. The provincial capital and largest city is Pekanbaru. Other major cities includes Dumai, Bangkinang and Siak Sri Indrapura.
, Bali, Makassar Ma·kas·sar or Ma·ka·sar  

See Ujung Pandang.
, and Manado makes up the fourth strategy.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Toll roads in operation

Currently there are 28 toll roads totaling 739,27 km all over Indonesia already in operation. The number includes the Suramadu bridge This article or section contains information about a bridge currently under construction.
It may contain information of a speculative nature, and the content may change as construction progresses or new information becomes available.
, bridge spanning the sea in the Madura Madura or Madoera (both: mäd`rä), island (1990 pop. 3,015,124), c.  straits Straits: see Dardanelles; Bosporus.  linking Surabaya with the island of Madura and the 35-kilometer Kanci Pejagan section of the Trans Java toll road and the Jakarta Outer Ring Road (JORR JORR Jakarta Outer Ring Road (Indonesia) ) W1.

The total length of toll roads in operation is expected to continue to increase as there are a number of toll road projects under construction.

Program of Accelerated Development of Toll Roads

Development of toll roads has often been stalled by difficulty in land clearing as it the project always involves private property. Delay in development results not only in delay in the realization of toll road contribution to economic development but also often results in higher cost.

Therefore, the government has launched a program to accelerate development of toll roads for him 2005-2009 period including 12 toll roads under Trans Java and 20 non Trans Java toll roads.

Toll road projects to be put on tender

Projects attracting few investors

Some of the toll road projects offered by the government have attracted few or no investors as they are considered not profitable such as the Medan--Kualanamu--Tebing Tinggi toll road project in North Sumatra North Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Utara) is a province of Indonesia. Its capital is Medan. Geography and population
The province of North Sumatra stretches across the island of Sumatra between the Indian Ocean and the Strait Malacca.
.

The government tries to attract investors by offering to handle land clearing for toll project included in batch IV. After the completion of the land clearing the project would be put on tender. The policy was taken after twice failing to attract investors to take part in tender.

Profile of the Cileunyi--Sumedang--Dawuan toll road

Investment tender has been held twice for the Cileunyi-Sumedang-Dawuan toll road project but it failed to attract investors. The project will need 238.50 hectares of land.

Feasibility study The analysis of a problem to determine if it can be solved effectively. The operational (will it work?), economical (costs and benefits) and technical (can it be built?) aspects are part of the study. Results of the study determine whether the solution should be implemented.  and analysis of environmental impact (Amdal) of the project have been completed in 2004 by the Sumedang. District administration. It was estimated that the toll road would be used vehicles with 13,921 one way trips per day.

A MoU was already signed between the provincial and district/city administrations involved in the project on land clearing but legal study was still needed of his project by the government.

The length of the toll road to be built changed from 58.50 km to 60.10 km. The Cileunyi-Sumedang-Dawuan toll road project needs support from the central government in fund amounting to Rp1,599.8 billion including for land procurement The fancy word for "purchasing." The procurement department within an organization manages all the major purchases.  amounting to Rp.536.800 and for construction Rp 1,063 billion.

The West Java provincial government agreed to provide support in the form of sunk cost Sunk Cost

A cost that has been incurred and cannot be reversed. Also referred to as "stranded cost."

Notes:
A worn-out piece of equipment bought several years ago is a sunk cost because the cost of buying it cannot be reversed.
 for the land procurement 50% of the total cost of the land procurement. The government already made available US$ 100 million in Blue Book to support the toll road development.

Investment value:

Rp 4,660 billion. Cost of land changed from Rp 504.84 M to Rp 536.8 billion and cost of construction (including other costs) Rp 4,123.2 billion.

Category: KPS KPs

keratic precipitates.
 

Status until October October: see month.  2009:

Process of preparing auction, auction with the support in land fund and part of construction from the government /regional administrations.

Medan--Kualanamu--Tebingtinggi

The feasibility studies of the Medan-Kualanamu--Tebing Tinggi toll road project is prepared by Bina Marga Marga can refer to:
  • Marga (Indian Philosophy)
  • Marga, a commune in Caraş-Severin County, Romania
  • Magga, one of the Four Noble Truths, in Buddhism
  • Marga (Batak), a family name in Batak society
  • Efraín Abdiel Alveo a.k.a.
 (2005).

The North Sumatra provincial administration agreed to provide support in the form of handling land clearing.

The Medan-Kualanamu-Tebing Tinggi toll road project will be built by the government. Fund for the project is expected to be in foreign loans the government has sought to discuss loan with China and Kuwait. After the toll road has been completed, the government plans to offer its operation and maintenance to private sector.

Construction of the project will be by phases with the first phase the Medan-Lubuk Pakam-Kualanamu section.

A MoU has been signed between the North Sumatra administration and state plantation Plantation, city (1990 pop. 66,692), Broward co., SE Fla., a residential suburb of Fort Lauderdale; inc. 1953. The city has grown rapidly along with the development of S Florida.  companies PTPN PTPN Physical Therapy Provider Network
PTPN Protein-Tyrosine Phosphatase, Nonreceptor-Type
PTPN Preemptive Time Petri Net
 II, III and IV, which agreed to provide participation capital. The state plantation companies provided land clearing. Construction of the project is to start this year (2010).

Financing: support commitment from the regional administration for land worth Rp 264 billion.

Location: Medan-Kuala Namu-Tebing Tinggi

Length: 60 km

Investment: Rp 4,391 billion. Cost of land Rp 750 billion

Category: KPS

Status until October 2009: Pre auction process

Progress of Development

Most of the toll road projects included in the development plan was still in the phase of land clearing until mid 2009. The investors for the projects have been available and have been listed in the Toll Road Development Agreement (PPJT). Until June 2009, most PPJT toll road projects were still in the phase of land clearing although the PPJT were already signed in 2006 and 2007.

Only JORR Section W1 with investor PT. Jakarta Lingkar Barat Satu had started the phase of construction to be operational in February 2010.

The contract for the Ciranjang--Padalarang toll road project was even cancelled in March 2008. It was formerly won by PT. Binapuri Nindyacipta Karyatama.

Meanwhile, some investors awarded toll road projects in 2007 refused to sign PPJT and delayed construction of their projects.

Among the project is the Serpong-Cinere dan Cimanggis-Cibitung toll road, which is a section of the JORR II. Its contractor is the consortium of Thiess-Waskita led by PT. Cinere Serpong Jaya which was named winner of the Rp 1.5 trillion One thousand times one billion, which is 1, followed by 12 zeros, or 10 to the 12th power. See space/time.

(mathematics) trillion - In Britain, France, and Germany, 10^18 or a million cubed.

In the USA and Canada, 10^12.
 contracts in late 2007 and 2009.

The consortium of PLUS Bakrie Global under PT. Cimanggis Cibitung Tollways, which won the Rp3.9 trillion contract for the Cimanggis-Cibitung project also refused to sign its PPJT.

PT Jasa Marga Tbk was reported planning to take over the two projects on recommendation from the government.

Meanwhile, Bakrie Toll Road secured the priority rights to acquire four toll road projects including Ciawi-Sukabumi, Pasuruan-Probolinggo, Pejagan-Pemalang, and Batang-Semarang.

Profile of toll road projects in acceleration program

Cikampek--Palimanan

The 116 km long Cikampek-Palimanan toll road would run through Cikopo, Kalijati, Subang, Cikedung, Kertajati, Sumber Jaya and Palimanan. The toll road is expected to help boost the economy of those areas.

The PPJT was signed on 21 July 2006 with a concession of 35 years. The financial close for the Cikampek--Palimanan toll road project was made on 18 July 2007.

The investment to be provided by the project owner PT Lintas Marga Sedaya (LMS (Learning Management System) An information system that administers instructor-led and e-learning courses and keeps track of student progress. Used internally by large enterprises for their employees, an LMS can be used to monitor the effectiveness of the ) rose by Rp 500 billion from the original value as result of the delay in the schedule from early 2008 to June 2008. During the delay the prices of building materials Building materials used in the construction industry to create .

These categories of materials and products are used by and construction project managers to specify the materials and methods used for .
 such as cement cement, binding material used in construction and engineering, often called hydraulic cement, typically made by heating a mixture of limestone and clay until it almost fuses and then grinding it to a fine powder.  and steel rose. The total value of the project swelled from Rp 7 trillion to Rp7.5 trillion.

The construction period will take around 2.5 years. The delay in the construction was caused by delay in land clearing. Originally work was to start in 2008 to be completed in 2009. However, the project had not been completed until early 2010.

PT. Lintas Marga Sedaya

Investment value: Rp 5,906 billion

Land clearing estimated at Rp 500 billion

The government improves system and facilitates infrastructure investment

The Law No 38 Year 2004 opens the opportunity for the private sector to be involved in the development of toll roads. Now financing could be handled jointly between the government and the private sector under Private Public Partnership (PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) The most popular method for transporting IP packets over a serial link between the user and the ISP. Developed in 1994 by the IETF and superseding the SLIP protocol, PPP establishes the session between the user's computer and the ISP using ) scheme

Financial difficulty has often caused a delay in the implementation of toll road projects. Almost half of 21 projects under construction have been delayed on funding problem.

In a bid to cope with the problem, the government issued a presidential decree decree, in law, decision of a suit in a court of equity. It is the counterpart in equity of the judgment in a court of law, although in those jurisdictions where law and equity have merged, judgment is sometimes used to include both.  No. 13/2010 in 2010 on infrastructure projects replacing the presidential regulation No. 67/2005 on PPP.

The regulation is considered more flexible and could cope with delay in the implementation of infrastructure project especially toll road projects.

Under the regulation, the government offers facilities for its partner under the PPP scheme.

Projects and its development plan are proposed by the private partners including feasibility study. If the proposals and plan are accepted, the initiator will be given incentive by the government with a 10% preference in the tender under which, the initiator taking part in the project tender will be named the winner even if its price is 10% higher than the lowest tender price.

Other incentives such as import tax exemption will be regulated by the finance minister.

One fundamental change is that the government allows transfer of share in infrastructure projects even of the projects have not been completed.

The regulation also guarantees financial compensation for the investors through PT. Penjaminan Infrastruktur Indonesia (PT. PPI (1) (Pixels Per Inch) The measurement of the resolution of a monitor or scanner. For example, a monitor that is 16 inches wide and displays 1600 pixels across its width would have a resolution of 100 ppi (1600 divided by 16). ). PT. PPI is a state company established on 30 December 2009.

PT PPI adds to the number of financial instrument agencies supporting the PPP program in the infrastructure sector established by the finance ministry such as those providing land capping fund, and land revolving fund revolving fund
n.
A fund established for a certain purpose, such as making loans, with the stipulation that repayments to the fund may be used anew for the same purpose.

Noun 1.
 for land clearing and PT Sarana Multi Infrastructure (SMl).

PT. SMI (1) (Storage Management Initiative) The initiative developed by the SNIA in 2003 to create a single standard interface for storage management technologies used by multiple vendors and networking communities.  was established in April 2009 functioning as Infrastructure Fund, to support handling of infrastructure financing in Indonesia.

The two agencies and providers of funds are expected to be able to reduce financing costs of infrastructure under PPP through increase in credit worthiness of the projects.

The agency is backed up by multilateral agencies including the World Bank, which has pledged a loan fund of Rp 1.5 trillion.

Procedure of investment in toll road projects in Indonesia

The toll road authority in Indonesia is Toll Road Management Agency (BPJT). The agency prepares toll road investment process from preparation, tender, signing of PPJT, to implementation of the agreement.

Time needed for preparation until PPJT signing is around 20 months.

Scheme 1.

Toll Road Investment Procedure in Indonesia

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Land Procurement Remains a Stumbling Block stum·bling block
n.
An obstacle or impediment.


stumbling block
Noun

any obstacle that prevents something from taking place or progressing

Noun 1.
 

Land procurement has often posed a stumbling block in the implementation of toll road projects.

Land acquisition cost is around 20%-25% of the total investment in toll road project. However, land speculation could push up the land cost to 30%-40% of the total investment.

Trans Java needs around 4,658 hectares of land. Until Nov. 2009, land clearing reached only 25% or 1,160 hectares.

Implementation of the Medan-Kualanamu-Tebing Tinggi toll road project valued around US$ 476 million has been delayed over land clearing.

Incentives for heads of sub-district (kecamatan) and lurah, the lowest level of the government administration, which are the most directly involved in handling land clearing and as the officials issuing land certificates are raised. The members of the Land Procurement Committee are full time officials.

Time needed for negotiations is cut from 120 days to 60 days.

Malaysia has more effective and efficient system of land procurement that that country implements its toll road projects faster. In Malaysia, after the location (route) has been determined, the right over the land will be cancelled that only price is left to be negotiated.

The land price for infrastructure projects in Indonesia as well as in Malaysia is set by an appraiser A person selected or appointed by a competent authority or an interested party to evaluate the financial worth of property.

Appraisers are frequently appointed in probate and condemnation proceedings and are also used by banks and real estate concerns to determine the market
, which is an independent agency.

In Indonesia, when there is no agreement on price, and that consignment The delivery of goods to a carrier to be shipped to a designated person for sale. A Bailment of goods for sale.

A consignment is an arrangement resulting from a contract in which one person, the consignor, either ships or entrusts goods to another, the
 mechanism is opted, 100% of compensation money is deposited at district court that it is not easy for the land owner to move to other location.

In Malaysia, the government guarantees greater certainty for toll road investor. Land clearing is completed in six months or not more than one year. Investors may even demand compensation if land clearing is not completed in 7 or 8 months.

Land clearing for Trans Java reaches 30%.

Until January 2010, land clearing made for Trans Java toll road project reached 30% of the total land of 4,500 hectares needed.

There are still ten sections of the Trans Java toll road; totaling 652 kilometers have yet to be built. Two sections are under construction and eight other are still in the phase of land clearing. Early February this year the 35-kilometer section of Kanci-Pejagan was officially commissioned by the president.

8 toll road projects granted land capping facility

Among the facilities offered by the government for investors of toll road projects is land capping. These programs guarantee compensation for an increase in the cost of land clearing. The government will pay for the additional price if the price exceeds the platform agreed upon Adj. 1. agreed upon - constituted or contracted by stipulation or agreement; "stipulatory obligations"
stipulatory

noncontroversial, uncontroversial - not likely to arouse controversy
 in the tender.

There are 8 projects (Batch IV) that have failed to attract investors. They include Pandaan--Malang, Medan--Binjai, Palembang--Indralaya, Teginenewng Babatan, Cileunyi--Sumedang--Dawuan, Medan--Kualanamu--Tebing Tinggi, Pasirkoja--Soreang, and Sukabumi--Ciranjang altogether to cost around Rp 18.64 trillion. The projects are included in the PPP program.

Earlier the government planned three options to handle the projects paying the entire cost of land clearing; handling the construction work in some of the projects already won by private investors or paying the entire cost of land clearing and doing construction of part of the projects already won by investors.

Toll Fees

Toll fees in Indonesia are regulated under the Law No 38/2004 and PP No 15/2005. Under the two regulations there are two types of tariff--early tariff tariff, tax on imported and, more rarely, exported goods. It is also called a customs duty. Tariffs may be distinguished from other taxes in that their predominant purpose is not financial but economic—not to increase a nation's revenue but to protect domestic  and adjustment tariff.

Early tariff is the fee set at the time of investment and the adjustment tariff is fee which is adjusted to current market prices or inflation. Tariff adjustment is made every two years.

In September 2009, the fees of 11 toll roads increased. The tariff of the Belawan-Tanjung Morawa--Medan toll road rose 11.11% from Rp 4,500 to Rp 5,000.

The increase rates are not the same in all areas depending on the inflation rates.

Toll roads of category I, the longest ones: Jagorawi, Padalarang--Cileunyi and Jakarta city toll roads from Rp 5,500 to Rp 6,500, Jakarta-Tangerang from Rp 3,500 to Rp 4,000, Palimanan--Kanci to Rp 8,000 from Rp 7,000; Surabaya-Gempol from Rp 3,500 to Rp4,000, Belawan-Tj Morawa from Rp 4,500 to Rp 5,000, Surabaya Gresik from Rp 7,000 to Rp 8,000; and the Tangerang-Merak rose from Rp 18,000 to Rp 28,500.

Increase is postponed for the fee for four toll roads--Cipularang, Serpong-Pondok Aren, Ujung Pandang Ujung Pandang (üjŭng` pändäng`), formerly Makasar (məkăs`ər), city (1990 pop. 944,685), SW Sulawesi, capital of Sulawesi Selatan prov., Indonesia.  Pahse I and II and the JORR S.

Prospects and Conclusion

Toll roads are vital in Indonesia to help support its economic development. Participation of the private sector in toll road development is absolutely necessary as the cash strapped strapped  
adj. Informal
In financial need: We are strapped for cash right now.


strapped
Adjective

strapped for Slang
 government could not alone finance the projects, which require a huge investment.

The involvement of the private sector, however, necessitates revision of a number of regulations and establishment of a number of agencies to facilitate investors such as PT SMI to handle land clearing and PT PII See Pentium II.  to deal with financial compensation in the event of failure.

Land clearing has been the main factor delaying full implementation of toll road projects. The program of land capping is expected to attract investors.

The government also issued a policy in 2010 allowing toll road project to be transferred to other investors before the completion of the project.

Coordination between regional administrations and the central government especially in land clearing still need to be improved to be more effective. Development of access road to Tanjung Priok Tanjung Priok (also Tandjung Priok) is a subdistrict of North Jakarta, Indonesia. It hosts the city's main harbour of the same name. The port, Indonesia's busiest, is managed by national port company PT Pelindo.  toll road was delayed over land clearing involving state company, which owned the land.

The government should address the fact that implementation of toll road projects has been delayed over a number of factors including financial difficulty, investors not yet ready and some projects are not commercially profitable.

Recently a number of investors form Kuwait, China and Brunei showed strong interest in investing in Pekanbaru--Dumai toll road project but later quit as they found the project was not profitable.
Table--1
Toll roads in operation and the operators, 2010

                                  Length           Length of
                                  of main           access
                                   roads             roads
No.   Toll roads                   (km)              (km)

A. Operated by PT. Jasa Marga

1     Jakarta-Bogor-Ciawi           50                 9

2     Jakarta-Tangerang             27                 6

3     Surabaya-Gempol               43                 6

4     Jakarta-Cikampek              72                11

      Palimanan--Kanci             26.3

5     Padalarang-Cileunyi          35.63             28.77

6     Prof. DR.                    14.3
      Soedyatmo

7     Jakarta's inner ring         23.55
      road

8     Belmera                      33.7                9

9     Semarang A,B,C               24.75
      sections

10    Ulujami-Pondok               5.55
      Aren

11    Cirebon-Palimanan            26.3

      JORR W2 South
      (Pondok Pinang-
      Veteran)

12    JORR E1 South
      (Taman Mini-
      Hankam Raya)

      JORR E2 (Cikunir-            16.77
      Cakung)

13    Cikampek-                    17.5
      Padalarang I

14    Cikampek-                     41
      Padalarang II

15    JORR E1-3, W2-S2,            14.35
      E3, E1-4

16    South JORR                   14.25
      (Pondok Pinang-
      Taman Mini)

17    Suramadu Bridge               5.4

      TOTAL                       465.05             69.77

      SUB TOTAL A                 534.82

B. Operated by private sector

1     Tangerang-Merak               73

2     Ir. Wiyoto Wiyono,           15.5
      Msc.

3     Surabaya-Gresik              20.7

4     Harbour Road                 11.55

5     Ujung Pandang                6.05
      Phase I

6     Serpong-Pondok               7.25
      Aren

7     SS Waru- Juanda              12.8
      Airport

8     Makassar Section IV          11.6

9     Bogor Ring Road
      Section I                     11

10    Kanci--Pejagan                35

      TOTAL                       204.45

      SUB TOTAL B                 204.45

      TOTAL A+B                   739.27

No.   Investors         Start-up   Description

A. Operated by PT. Jasa Marga

1     PT. Jasa Marga      1978     PPJT 07/07/2006

2     PT. Jasa Marga     1983-     PPJT 07/07/2006
                          1998

3     PT. Jasa Marga      1984     PPJT 07/07/2006

4     PT. Jasa Marga      1985     PPJT 07/07/2006

      PT. Jasa Marga

5     PT. Jasa Marga      1986     PPJT 07/07/2006

6     PT. Jasa Marga      1986     PPJT 07/07/2006

7     PT. Jasa Marga      1988     PPJT 07/07/2006

8     PT. Jasa Marga     1989 &    PPJT 07/07/2006
                          1996

9     PT. Jasa Marga     1987,     PPJT 07/07/2006
                         1983 &
                          1998

10    PT. Jasa Marga      2001     PPJT 07/07/2006

11    PT. Jasa Marga      1998     PPJT 07/07/2006

                          1991     PPJT 07/07/2006

12                        1998     PPJT 07/07/2006

      PT. Jasa Marga     2001-     PPJT 07/07/2006
                          2003

13    PT. Jasa Marga      2004     PPJT 07/07/2006

14    PT. Jasa Marga      2005

15    PT. Jasa Marga      2005

16    PT. Jasa Marga     1995-
                          1996

17    PT. Jasa Marga      2009

B. Operated by private sector

1     PT. Marga          1987-     PPJT
      Mandala Sakti       1996

2     PT. Citra Marga     1990     PPJT 05/06/07
      Nusaphala
      Persada

3     PT. Margabumi      1993-     Process PPJT
      Matraraya           1996

4     PT. Citra Marga    1995-     PPJT 05/06/07
      Nusaphala           1996
      Persada

5     PT. Bosowa          1998     Process PPJT
      Marga
      Nusantara

6     PT. Bintaro         1999     Process PPJT
      Serpong Damai
      PT. Citra

7     Margatama           2008     Operational
      Surabaya                     27/04/2008
      PT. Toll Road                Operational

8     Seksi Empat         2008     26/09/2008

9     PT. Marga                    Operational
      Sarana Jabar        2009     November 2009

10    PT. Semesta                  Operational
      Marga Raya          2010     26/1/2010

Source: Toll Road Management Agency

Table--2
Toll Road Development Plans

                                  Length
No   Toll roads                     (km)       Year

1    Cikampek-Palimanan              116    2006-2009

2    Kanci--Pejagan                   34    2006-2009

3    Pejagan--Pemalang              57.5    2006-2009

4    Pemalang--Batang                 39    2006-2009

5    Semarang--Batang                 75    2006-2009

6    Semarang--Solo                   75    2006-2009

7    Solo--Mantingan--Ngawi         90.1    2006-2009

8    Ngawi--Kertosono              87.02    2006-2009

9    Kertosono--Mojokerto             41    2006-2009

10   Surabaya--Mojokerto              37    2006-2009

11   Gempol--Pasuruan                 32    2006-2009

12   Pasuruan--Probolinggo            45    2006-2009

13   Cikarang--Tanjung Priok       33.92    2006-2009

     TOTAL Trans Java             762.54

1    JORR Section 2 Utara              7    2006-2008

2    JORR Section E3                 4.6    2005-2006

3    JORR Section E1 Utara          4.05    2005-2006
     Section 4

4    JORR Section W1                9.70    2006-2008

5    Bekasi--Cawang--              20.42    2006-2009
     Kampung Melayu

6    Depok--Antasari                21.7    2006-2008

7    Cinere--Jagorawi               14.7    2006-2008

8    Cengkareng--Batuceper--       15.22    2006-2009
     Kunciran

9    Kunciran--Serpong             11.19    2006-2009

10   Serpong--Cinere               10.14    2006-2009

11   Cimanggis--Cibitung           25.39    2006-2009

12   Bogor Ring Road                  11    2005-2008

13   SS Waru--Bandara Juanda        13.5    2006-2007

14   Waru (Aloha)--Wonokromo        12.8    2006-2009
     --Tanjung Perak

15   Gempol--Pandaan               13.61    2006-2009

16   Pandaan--Malang                  37    2006-2009

17   Ciranjang--Padalarang         33.30    2006-2009

18   Ciawi--Sukabumi                  54    2006-2009

19   Makassar Section IV            11.6    2006-2007

     Total Non Trans Java         330.62

     TOTAL                      1,093.46

No                             Description

1    PT. Lintas Marga          Trans Java toll road
     Dwidaya

2    PT. Semedta Margaraya     Trans Java toll road

3    PT. Pejagan Pemalang      Trans Java toll road
     Toll Road

4    PT. Pemalang--            Trans Java toll road
     Batang Toll Roads

5    PT. Marga Detiapuritama   Trans Java toll road

6    PT. Jasa Marga            Trans Java toll road

7                              Trans Java toll road

8                              Trans Java toll road

9    PT. Marga Hanurata        Trans Java toll road
     Instrinic

10   PT. Marga Nujyadmo        Trans Java toll road
     Agung

11   PT. Jasa Marga            Trans Java toll road

12   PT. Bukaka Teknik Utama   Trans Java toll road

13   MTD--Nusa Cipta           Trans Java toll road

1    PT. Jasa Marga            Non Trans Java
                               (Jabodetabek)

2    PT. Jasa Marga            Non Trans Java
                               (Jabodetabek)

3    PT. Jasa Marga            Non Trans Java
                               (Jabodetabek)

4    PT. Jalantol              Non Trans Java
     Lingkarluar Baratsatu     (Jabodetabek)

5    PT. Kresna Kusuma         Non Trans Java
     Dyandra Marga             (Jabodetabek)

6    PT. Citra                 Non Trans Java
     Waspputhowa               (Jabodetabek)

7    PT. Trans Lingkar Kita    Non Trans Java
     Jaya                      (Jabodetabek)

8    --                        Non Trans Java
                               (Jabodetabek)

9    --                        Non Trans Java
                               (Jabodetabek)

10   --                        Non Trans Java
                               (Jabodetabek)

11   --                        Non Trans Java
                               (Jabodetabek)

12   PT. Jasa Marga            Non Trans Java
                               (Jabodetabek)

13   PT. Citra Margatama       Non Trans Java
     Surabaya                  (East Java)

14   PT. Margaraya Jawa        Non Trans Java
     Tol                       (East Java)

15   PT. Margabumi             Non Trans Java
     Adhikarya                 (East Java)

16   PT. Setdco Instrinsic     Non Trans Java
     Nusantara                 (East Java)

17   Bina Puri Holding, Bhd    Non Trans Java
                               (West Java)

18   PT. Bukaka Teknik         Non Trans Java
     Utama                     (West Java)

19   PT. Jalan Tol Section     Non Trans Java
     Empat                     (Sulawesi)

Source: Toll Road Management Agency, processed

Table--3
Toll road projects ready for tender

                          Length    Cost of land    Investment
No    Toll road             (km)         (Rp. M)       (Rp. M)

1.    Medan--Binjai        15.80          256.00      1,093.05

2.    Palembang--          22.00           64.06      1,052.90
      Indralaya

3.    Tegineneng--         50.00          268.49      2,726.77
      Babatan

4.    Pandaan--            37.62          293.20      2,529.75
      Malang

      SUB TOTAL A         125.42          881.75      7,402.47

5.    Cileunyi--           58.50          504.84      3,945.66
      Sumedang--
      Dawuan

6.    Medan--              60.00          750.00      4,391.83
      Kualanamu--
      Tebing Tinggi

7.    Pasirkoja--          15.00          244.90      1,021.51
      Soreang

8.    Sukabumi--           28.00          158.89      1,855.79
      Ciranjang

9.    Menado--             46.00          765.00      5,612.06
      Bitung

10.   Pekanbaru--         135.00          474.56      8,446.13
      Kandis--Dumai

11.   Serangan--            7.50           58.08      1,489.38
      Tanjung Benoa

      SUB TOTAL B         350.00        2,956.27     26,762.36

No    Status June 2009         Description

1.    No participant pass      Tender without
      pre-qualification        government's
      selection, Feasibility   assistance
      evaluation with the
      government's
      support

2.    No participant pass      Tender without
      pre-qualification        government's
      selection, Feasibility   assistance
      evaluation with the
      government's
      support

3.    No participant pass      Tender without
      pre-qualification        government's
      selection, Feasibility   assistance
      evaluation with the
      government's
      support

4.    3 bidders passing        Tender without
      initial selection not    government's
      meeting                  assistance
      requirements (2 bidder
      passing), Feasibility
      evaluation with the
      government's
      support

5.    Feasibility evaluation   Process of offering
      with the government's    land procurement
      support                  and construction
                               assistance from
                               the central
                               government

6.    Feasibility evaluation   Process of offering
      with the government's    land procurement
      support                  and construction
                               assistance from the
                               central government

7.    Feasibility evaluation   Process of offering
      with the government's    land procurement
      support                  and construction
                               assistance from
                               the central
                               government

8.    Feasibility evaluation   Process of offering
      with the government's    land procurement
      support                  and construction
                               assistance from
                               the central
                               government

9.    Proposed to be built     Process of offering
      by the government and    land procurement
      to be operated by        and construction
      private company          assistance from
                               the central government

10.   Proposed to be built     Development offer by
      by the government and    the government and to
      to be operated by        be operated by
      private company          individual/private
                               sector

11.   Proposed to be built     Development offer
      by the government and    by the government and
      to be operated by        to be operated by
      private company          individual/private
                               sector

Source: Toll Road Management Agency

Table--4
Progress in development of toll road projects having PPJT

                                Length    Investment
No      Toll roads                (KM)       (Rp. B)

1       Cikampek--              116.00      5,906.27
        Palimanan

2       Pejagan--Pemalang        57.50      3,235.81

3       Pemalang--Batang         39.00      2,292.90

4       Semarang--Batang         75.00      3,634.64

5       Surabaya--Mojokerto      34.05      2,952.61

6       Kertosono--Mojokerto     41.65      2,211.72

7       Gempol--Pasuruan         33.75      1,800.00

8       Pasuruan--Probolinggo    45.32      3,314.60

9       JORR W2 Utara             7.00      1,411.00

10      JORR Section W1           9.85      1,628.00

11      Cinere--Jagorawi         14.70      1,867.05

12      Depok--Antasari          21.55      2,515.92

13      Kunciran--Serpong        11.19      1,847.00

14      Cengkareng--Batu         15.22      1,108.60
        Ceper--Kunciran

15      Bekasi--Cawang--         21.04      6,185.00
        Kp.Melayu

16      Cikarang (Cibitung)--    34.50      2,358.00
        Tj. Priok (Cilincing)

17      Ciawi--Sukabumi          54.00      4,923.70

18      Semarang--Solo           75.70      6,135.00

19      Gempol--Pandaan          13.61        826.00

20      Waru (Aloha)--           17.72      6,491.33
        Wonokromo--Tg.Perak

TOTAL                           771.35     67,146.95

No      Investors                 PPJT signed   Status by June 2009

1       PT. Lintas Marga Sedaya    21/07/06     Land procurement

2       PT. Pejagan Pemalang       21/07/06     DED & Land procurement
        Tol Road

3       PT. Pemalang Batang        21/07/06     DED & Land procurement
        Tol Road

4       PT. Marga Setiapuritama    21/07/06     DED & Land procurement

5       PT. Marga Nujyasumo        06/04/06     Land procurement,
        Agung                                   Construction,
                                                Altogether 2010

6       PT. Marga Hanurata         30/06/06     Land procurement
        Intrinsic                               & Construction

7       PT. Jasa Marga             29/05/06     Land procurement

8       PT. Trans-Java Paspro      25/06/07     Preparation for
        Toll road                               land procurement

9       PT. Jasa Marga             07/07/06     Review DED & Land
                                                procurement

10      PT. Jakarta                02/02/07     Construction
        Lingkar
        Baratsatu

11      PT. Trans                  29/05/06     Land procurement
        Lingkar Kita
        Jaya

12      PT. Citra Wassphutowa      29/05/06     Land procurement

13      PT. Marga Trans            22/09/08     Preparation for land
        Nusantara                               procurement & DED

14      PT. Marga Kunciran         2/3/2009     Preparation for land
        Cengkareng                              procurement

15      PT. Kresna Kusuma          22/02/07     Land procurement
        Dyandra Marga

16      PT. MTD--CTP               29/01/07     DED & Land procurement
        Expressways

17      PT. Trans Jabar Tol        27/07/07     Preparation for land
                                                procurement & DED

18      PT. Trans Marga Jateng     15/12/06     Land procurement &
                                                Construction

19      PT. Margabumi              19/12/06     Land procurement
        Adhikaraya

20      PT. Margaraya Java Tol     19/07/07     Preparation for
                                                land procurement

TOTAL

Source: Toll Road Management Agency

Table--5
Toll road projects and investors refusing to sign PPJT

                              Cost of
                   Length      land      Investment
No   Toll road      (KM)      (Rp. M)      (Rp B)

1.   Serpong--      10.14      647.70      1,717.50
     Cinere

2.   Cimanggis--    25.39      933.10      3,131.76
     Cibitung

     TOTAL          35.53    1,580.80      4,849.26

                       Description &
No   June 2008         Winner

1.   Winner named on   PT. Cinere
     5 Nov. 2007       Serpong Jaya

2.   Winner named on   PT. Cimanggis
     17 Sept. 2009     Cibitung Tollways

Source: Toll Road Management Agency

Table--Financing of Cikampek--Palimanan Toll Road

    Bank          Position of        Value        %
                   financing

Bank Mandiri   (lead manager)      Rp.1. 6 T    (32%)
BCA            (lead manager)      Rp.1. 2 T    (24%)
BNI            (CO lead manager)   Rp.490 M    (9. 8%)
BRI            (CO lead manager)   Rp.410 M    (8. 2%)
Bank Panin     (manager)           Rp.410 M    (8. 2%)
Bank Jabar     (manager)           Rp.325 M    (6. 5%)
Bank Bukopin   (manager)           Rp.205 M    (4. 1%)
Bank Jatim     (manager)           Rp.125 M    (2. 5%)
BII            (manager)           Rp.125 M    (2. 5%)
Bank DKI       (manager)           Rp.110 M    (2. 2%)

Source: Toll Road Management Agency
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Title Annotation:INDUSTRY
Publication:Indonesian Commercial Newsletter
Geographic Code:9INDO
Date:Jan 1, 2010
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