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Development of cable industry in Indonesia.

Introduction

The country's cable industry was badly hit by the 1998 crisis. Until 2004, utilization of the production capacity of the industry was only around 25%-30% of installed production capacity. The industry began to revive only in the past three years starting 2006. In 2007, the country's cable production totaled 300,000 tons or 65% of the installed capacity of 445,000 tons. Brisk developments in the power sector and growing exports have also boosted the industry lately.

The fast growing demand for electricity has forced the government to launch am ambitious plan called crash program to build coal fired power plants with a total capacity of 10,000 megawatts to be completed in 2010-2011. The program is to be followed with a second phase with the same capacity. The first program is in progress pushing up demand for electric cable.

Demand for cables has increased not only n the domestic market but also in export market such as Middle East. The oil rich region, which earned windfall profit with the soaring price of oil since 2006, is safe from the impact of the global financial crisis. Property and infrastructure development continue to be brisk in Middle East. The projects need large supply of electric cables including transmission and distribution cables.

The revival of the cable market in 2007 and 2008 was reflected by the financial performance of listed cable producers. PT Sumi Kabel reported sales at only Rp.976 billion in 2004. In 2006 it sales shot up to Rp1,914 billion. Similarly, sales of PT Supreme Cable (SUCACO) surged to Rp2,281 billion in 2007 from Rp1,483 billion in 2006.

A setback, however, came toward the end of 2008 when sales began to sink including in export market. As a result of the global financial crisis.

Increase in the prices of basic materials like copper contributed to the problem faced by cable industry lately. Many cable producers suffered losses on foreign exchange as they bought the basic materials in US dollar the value of which surged facing the rupiah.

Despite the gloomy outlook lately, the prospects for cable industry are still encouraging in the country with the big plan of the government in the electricity sector.

Types of cable

Cable industry in Indonesia has expanded and could produce various types of cable electric cable, telecommunication cable, control cable, fiber optic, etc.

Electric cables consist of different types by voltage High Voltage (HV), Medium Voltage (MV), and Low voltage. Electric cables could also be divided into Bare Aluminum Conductor and Bare Copper Conductor. Generally bare cables are aerial cables having extra high, high and medium voltage.

Almost all large cable producers such as PT Sucaco, Sumi Indo Kabel, Voksel elektrik, produce all types of cables both electric cable, telephone cables, and fiber optic.

Each cable has an identity showing the type of conductor, type of isolator, types of insulator, etc. Cable with NYY code is cable with copper conductor (using the code of N), PVC isolator, in two layers (YY code)

Cable could have several types of conductors and isolators and with toughening material or protector from steel tape. For example, high voltage underground cables are apart from a number of layers of isolator, are also given steel tape protectors to protect them from being damaged from possible impact of hard or sharp material. See the following table.

The cable products of Sucaco include low voltage, medium voltage and high voltage. Apart from electric and telephone cables, Sucaco produces enameled wires, which include Polyvinyl Formal Copper Wire, Polyester-imide Copper Wire, Polyester Copper Wire, Polyurethane Copper Wire, Polyester Nylon Copper Wire, and Polyester Amide Imide Copper.

Standardization of cable

The government has determined 11 national standards for cable such as SNI determined by the industry ministry including SNI 04-2697-1992 and SNI 043234-1992. SNI 04-2697-1992 is used for electric cables using XPLE as isolator and electric cable having voltage raging from 1 kV to 30 kV. SNI 043234-1992 is used for flexible cable isolated and sheathed with PVC having nominal voltage of 500 V (low voltage) that is the type of NYMHY

The SNI was determined in 1988 through a decision of the industry and trade minister No. 407/M/SK/10/1980 on the application of Indonesian industrial standard (SII) and the use of SII for six types of low voltage standard electric cable and in 1988 had through a decision of the Minister No. 74/M/SK/2/1988 required the use of SII and the SII mark for 5 types of flexible electric cable : SII.2256-87; SII.2257-87; SII.2258-87; SII. 2259-87 and SII. 2260-87.

Starting 1992, SII was changed with Indonesia National Standard (SNI) base don a decision of the Industry and Trade Minister.

Cable producers and production capacity

After the 1998 crisis, there was almost no addition in the number of cable factories and installed capacity. The member of the association of cable producers (APKABEL), which groups almost all cable factories in the country did not change much. In 1997, there were 35 members of the association and 2006, the number slightly declined to 34 companies.

Base don official data at the industry ministry, among 48 registered cable factories in 2005, only 33 were in operation.

Number of cable factories grouped in Apkabel

* 1974 = 5 companies

* 1997 = 35 companies

* 2000 = 35 companies

* 2002 = 36 companies

* 2005 = 33 companies

* 2006 = 34 companies

The production capacity of the country's cable industry has not changed much since 2004. Base din data at APKABEL the production capacity is around 445,000 tons year for all types of cable.

Most cable factories date back to year before the 1998 crisis. Low demand caused factories to operate much below their production capacity. Increase began only in 2005 to peak in 2007. New investment began in cable industry that year including for capacity expansion. A Malaysian company, PT Wonderful Wire and Cable, built a factory in Medan. Another foreign company PT Prysman invested for capacity expansion.

Currently there are 15 major cable makers in Indonesia. Most of them are old companies like PT Tranka Kabel that came on line in 1952.

PT Sumi Indo Kabel Tbk (Perusahaan) was established on 23 July 1981, with the name of PT Industri Kawat Indonesia. The name of the company was changed with PT IKI Indah Kabel Indonesia in 1982.

PT Voksel Electric Tbk was established in 1971. Later its status was changed into a foreign investment (PMA) company after establishing cooperation with Showa Electric Wire & Cable Co. Ltd from Japan. There are six publicly listed cable makers--PT Supreme Cable Manufacturing and Commerce TBK (SUCACO), PT Sumi Indo Kabel, PT Kabelindo, PT Voksel Electric, PT KMI Wires and Cables and PT Jembo Cable.

Cable producers operate at high capacity

The country's cable industry was hit hard by the monetary crisis in 1997/1998 on falling demand. Capacity utilization was only 25%-30%. The condition improved only in 2004 and 2005, when the country's economy began to recover from the crisis. The growth of the industry peaked in 2007 when the government launched its 10,000 megawatt crash program in the electricity sector pushing up demand for electric cables. Demand also rose in export market notable in Middle East where the construction sector was brisk amid the soaring oil prices. Strong demand in 2007 resulted in an increase in capacity utilization of the country's cable industry to 65%-70%.

The capacity utilization was expected to scale up further in 2008 to around 90% of the total installed capacity of 445,090 ton, if the crash program in the electric sector ran as expected.

A faster growth was recorded in the production of electric cable to follow the brisk development in the electric sector.

Meanwhile, almost all telephone operators including state telecommunication company PT Telkom Tbk use fiber optic cable in their new projects. All producers of metallic cable could produce fiber optic cable.

The government has a big telecommunication project, Palapa Ring, using fiber optic cable.

Toward the end of 2008, demand for cables began to decline as a result of the global economic slowdown and crisis. Many large property projects including development of new cities in Middle East have been shelved.

Profile of main players

PT Supreme Cable Manufacturing & Commerce (PT Sucaco)

This company was established in 1970 with the name of PT Supreme Cable Manufacturing Corporation. In 1996, Sucaco became a public company selling part of its share at the Jakarta Stock Exchange. In 1997, it was renamed PT Supreme Cable manufacturing & Commerce (Sucaco). Sucaco is the pioneer in modern cable industry in Indonesia.

PT Supreme Cable Manufacturing & Commerce Tbk reported sales valued at Rp2.3 trillion in 2007 or an increase of 53.85% from Rp1.5 trillion in the previous year. The sales in 2007 included exports valued at Rp537.6 billion or an increase of 413.45% from Rp104.7 billion in 2006. Most of the exports were to Middle East.

The company, however, reported only a slight increase of 4.97% in profit to Rp54.2 billion in 2007 reflecting a sharp competition in the market.

In 2008, PT Supreme Cable Manufacturing & Commerce Tbk posted only Rp11.23 billion in profit, down 79.3% form the previous year. Its sales fell 6.8% to Rp2,127.03 billion from Rp2,281.70 billion.

Sumi Indo Kabel

PT Sumi Indo Kabel Tbk was established on 23 July 1981, with the name of PT Industri Kawat Indonesia. The company was renamed PT IKI Indah Kabel Indonesia in 1982.

In 2006, PT Sumi Indo Kabel Tbk. recorded the largest sales among publicly listed cable makers. However, in 2007, its sales fell when other companies recorded an increase. Its sales in 2007 fell 16.93% to Rp1,590 billion from Rp1,914 billion after it stopped in 2006 selling copper wires and copper rod produced by its subsidiary PT Karya Sumiden Indonesia.

The company did not sell the two types of cable as the profit margin was too low. The copper cable produced by PT Karya Sumiden is then used to feed only cable factory of PT Sumi Indo Kabel. As a result, PT Sumi Indo Kabel reported an increase in operating profit despite a decline in income as it sales and operating costs declined also decline.

A significant decline was also recorded in non operating cost from Rp19.076 billion to Rp4.573 billion resulting in a sharp increase of 74.58% in net profit to Rp77.467 billion.

PT Voksel Electric Tbk

The company is a producer and distributor of electric cables. PT Voksel Electric Tbk showed in its financial report for 2007, a 48% increase in sales to Rp 1,358.64 billion from Rp 919.53 billion in 2006 with net profit surging 51 % to Rp 53.7 billion from Rp35.59 billion.

In 2008, PT Voksel Electric Tbk recorded an estimated 46.3% increase in sales to Rp1.856 trillion. In the first half of that year it posted Rp 1,019.76 billion in sales.

Company sources said PT Voksel Electric had a 30% share of supply of electric cables for the 10,000 MW crash program.

In 2008, PT Voksel held a number of contracts to supply electric cable to a number of power generating projects. Voksel supplies high voltage cable for the projects. The company has expanded its production capacity from 800 ton per month to 1,300 tons of for aluminum cables, from 130 tons to 180 tons of medium voltage cable and from 100,000 tons to 120,000 tons of fiber optic.

PT Jembo Cable Company Tbk

Consolidated sales recorded by PT Jembo Cable Company Tbk. rose 64.2% or Rp287.6 billion from Rp448 billion in 2006 to Rp735,6 billion in 2007. The sales exceeded its target of Rp 496 billion.

The net profit of the company rose Rp22.3 billion from Rp600 million to Rp 22.9 billion in the same period.

Increase was recorded in the sales of low voltage electric cable with copper conductor which rose from Rp150 billion in 2006 to Rp407 billion in 2007. The sales of medium voltage electric cable rose from Rp91 billion to Rp 121 billion. The sales of metallic telephone cable rose from Rp39 billion to Rp51 billion. Decrease was recorded in the sales of low voltage electric cable with aluminum conductor falling from Rp140 billion in 2006 to Rp124 billion in 2007 and sales of fiber optic cable from Rp 20 billion to Rp 11 billion.

Kabelindo Murni

In 2007, PT Kabelindo Murni Tbk recorded a high increase in sales--up 175% to Rp 499.50 billion from Rp285.40 billion in the previous year. The surge was recorded especially in the demand for electric cables and telephone cables. Sales of electric cable on the domestic market reached Rp460.695 billion in 2007 and sales of telephone cable Rp36.72 billion.

Its profit rose 20% to Rp12.60 billion in 2007. Its sales in 2008 were estimated to rise still but not as sharp as in 2007. In the first half of 2008, its sales were valued at Rp 263 billion.

KMI Wire and Cable

PT GT Kabel Indonesia Tbk, now known with a new name of PT KMI Wire and Cable Tbk (KBLI), was estimated to chalk up an increase in income to Rp1.4 trillion in 2008 as it already secured a potential contract of Rp 961 billion on the domestic and export market.

Based on its financial report in 2008, PT KMI Wire and Cable Tbk recorded Rp 26.644 billion in net profit in 2008 or up from 2007. The increase in profit was attributable to a sharp increase in net sales to Rp 1.731 trillion from Rp451.483 billion in 2007.

In 2008, the company reported a loss of Rp 17.311 billion on foreign exchange, up from Rp8.912 billion in 2007

The company said it hopes to secure order valued at Rp255 billion for exports and Rp706 billion from local buyers. The potential contracts included from PT PLN (persero) valued at Rp463 billion, from buyers abroad valued at Rp255 billion, distributors Rp181 billion, and from spot market valued at Rp62 billion.

KBLI also secured contract to supply cable valued at Rp560.3 billion with delivery on June 30, 2008 including Rp275.1 billion with local buyers and Rp282.2 billion with buyers abroad. The company sells cables mainly to Africa, Middle East and Australia.

In 2009, PT KMI hopes to post Rp48 billion in net profit with income totaling Rp1.5 trillion from the sales of copper electric cable valued at Rp949 billion and aluminum electric cables valued at Rp472 billion.

Cable exports up

The slump on the domestic market in the wake of the monetary crisis of 1997/1998, forced cable makers in the country to seek to boost exports to offset a decline in sales on the domestic market. Exports, therefore, began to rise in 2000 and the trend continued until 2007. In 2004, exports totaled 66,600 tons valued at US$ 287 million, up to 111,600 tons valued at US$ 917 million in 2007 or an increase of 20% a year.

Previously exports were made mainly to Japan, the Philippines, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, but in the last two years, the Middle East has become the main export destinations. The construction industry marked with rising property buildings is brisk following the oil boom in the oil rich region. New cities have been built or being build requiring larger supply of cables mainly electric cable and telephone cables.

Currently cable makers are more oriented to export market. PT Sumi Indo Kabel, for example, exports most of its cable production. In the first half of 2008, the company exported 83% of its production leaving only 13% for domestic market.

PT KMI Wires and Cables Tbk

PT KMI has recorded an increase in its exports although most of its production is still disposed of on the domestic market. In 2007, sales on the domestic market made up 84% of its total sales with exports making up only 16%. In the first half of 2008, its exports rose in contribution to 25%. Its export markets have expanded to South America, Africa and Europe.

PT KMI said demand for cables have increased in Middle East in the past two years especially before the financial crisis in 2008. Large property projects and construction of new cities pushed up demand for cables especially electric cables.

In 2007 and 2008, around 70%-75% of exports by PT KMI were to Middle East. Other export regions accounted for the remaining 25%-30% of its exports. Growing exports have boosted production by the company prompting it expand production capacity. It plans to expand its capacity by 25% by phases until 2010.

PT SUCACO

PT Supreme Cable Manufacturing & Commerce Tbk recorded sales valued at Rp 2.3 trillion. That year its exports were valued at Rp537.6 billion or an increase of 413.45% from Rp104.7 billion in 2006. Middle East is its largest buyer.

Other cable makers such as PT Voksel Electric Tbk also increased exports. Voksel exported cables valued at US$3 million to Middle East in 2007.

Indonesia exports various types of cable. The largest in volume is electric cable with voltage of more than 1000V (HS. 8544.60.000) totaling 33,000 tons in 2007 and telecommunications cable (HS 8544.49.39000 totaling 25,200 tons.

The largest exports in value were wiring harnesses for motor vehicles (HS 8544.30.1000) valued at US$ 338 million in 2007.

Imports

While exporting, the country also imports cables. Imports have increased in the past four years in line with the growing demand in the country. Imported cables are mainly fiber optics and industrial cables

In 2004, imports of cable reached 20,772 tons valued at US$ 83,428,000 up to 50,003 tons valued at US$ 222,186,000.

Consumption growing

A fast growth has been recorded in the country's consumption of cables in the past four years peaking in 2007. In 2004, consumption totaled 65,400 tons, up to 227,700 tons in 2007 or a three fold increase from the previous year.

The increase in consumption in 2007 came with the launching of the government's crash program in the electricity sector. Under the first crash program state electricity company PLN is to build coal-fired power plants with a total capacity of 10,000 megawatts. Outside the program a number of power plants have been built in Java and other regions to cope with shortage in power supply.

In 2008, consumption continued to scale up as indicated by growing production and sales until the first half of that year. In the second half of that year demand began to fall both on the domestic and international markets as a result of the global financial crisis that caused the shelving of many construction projects. In addition, rising prices of copper resulted in higher prices of cables.

The condition, however, is expected to improve in the coming years especially in the country as the government continues the crash program in the electricity sector.

Cable prices down 5%

A decline in the prices of basic materials like copper and aluminum in international market, brought about a decline in the price of cables by the end of 2008. The price of copper in March 2008 hit the level of US$8,680 per ton, but by the end of that year the price sank to US$ 6,000 per ton.

The price of aluminum also dropped from US$ 3,200 per ton to US$ 2,100 per ton. As a result the prices of cable were estimated to fall by 5%-6%.

A cable producer said if it already cut its selling price of its cables by 5% since last September as the price of cables in the country depends much on the prices of copper and aluminum.

Prospects of Cable Industry

The domestic demand for power is forecast to grow more than 9% annually in the next 10 years. Meanwhile, the government hopes to be able to meet 95% of household power requirement in 2018, up from 60.8% in 2007.

Currently PLN's supplying capacity still falls short of the requirement, marked by the frequent crisis in power supply in various areas.

The government has launched a crash program to be carried out by PLN in the electricity sector to cope with growing shortage in power supply in Java and other regions. Under the crash program PLN is building coal-fired power plants with a total capacity of 10,000 megawatts to be completed in 2010-2011.

The projects to be built include 10 units of power generating plants with a total capacity of 6,900 MW in Java and 25 power generating plants with a capacity of 3,100 MW outside Java to start in mid 2006.

The program is now in progress starting 2006. Currently completion is about 60%. The project will need large supply of electric cables both for transmission network and distribution systems. The tender for the procurement of transmission cables for the entire power plants is valued at around Rp6.1 trillion. Procurement of cables for transmission network include Rp1.2 trillion in Java, Rp1.3 trillion for the southern Sumatra system, Rp2.4 trillion for the West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) system, and Rp1.2 trillion for North Sumatra system. There are still tenders for the procurement of cable networks for main electrical relay stations.

The crash program is to be followed with a second phase which will include construction of coal-fired power plants to make up 26% of the total additional capacity, hydropower and geothermal power plants to account for 60% and gas fired power plants for 14%.

Investment needed for the second phase is around US$ 17.3 billion including US$ 15 billion for power plants and the rest for transmission and distribution systems.

Demand for electric cables, therefore, will remain strong in the coming several years though slowdown is expected in 2009 as a result of the global financial crisis. In 2010, the electric cables demand is predicted to grow again not only in the country but also in export market such as in Middle East.

With production capacity at around 450,000 tons per year at present, more investment will be needed to build new factories or expand the capacity in the next five years.

Conclusion

* In the past five years, the country's electric cables industry has expanded fast and recovered form the 1998 monetary crisis. In 2008, cable production was estimated to reach 85% of the country's production capacity or 378,000 tons.

* The increase in production has been boosted by growing demand especially from PLN's project of 10,000 MW coal-fired power generating plants. Consumption of electric cables in 2007 rose to 227,000 tons in 2007 and to 295,000 tons in 2008.

* Indonesia has also succeeded in expanding market abroad. In the past five years exports surged from 66,000 tons in 2004 to 111,000 tons in 2007. The largest market has been Middle East, but the main buyer of automotive cables is Japan to which exports have also increased from year to year.

* Until mid 2008, demand for cables on the domestic and international markets continued to increase, but toward the end of that year there was a slowdown. Many large property projects abroad including in Middle East were shelved on funding problem. Demand for electric cables, therefore, declined.

* However, the market is expected to be normal again in 2010. Construction of property projects in the country and in Middle East is expected to brisk again.

* Based on the trend in the past four years and taking into account the impact of the global financial crisis, demand fro a cable in 2009 is forecast to rise only slightly from 295,000 tons in 2008 to 310,000 tons. Stronger demand is expected in 2010 and by 2012, domestic consumption of cables is forecast to reach 513,000 tons. Additional capacity of the country's cable industry will be needed to meet the requirement that year.
Table--1
Types of cables produced in Indonesia

 Electric cable

 XLPE XLPE XLPE PVC
 HV MV LV LV

PT. Kabelindo
Murni Tbk. X X X

PT. GT Kabel
Indonesia Tbk. X X X

PT. Sucaco
Tbk. X X X X

PT. Terang
Kita X X X X

PT. Sumi Indo
Kabel Tbk. X X X

PT. Jembo
Cable
Company Tbk. X X X

PT. Nikkatsu
Electric Works

PT. Cahaya
Angkasa Abadi X

PT. Sinar
Merbabu X X

PT. Voksel
Electric Tbk. X X X

PT. Ewindo X

PT. Phenolic
Prima
Indonesia X

PT. Puji
Cahaya X

PT. Kawat Mas
Prakasa X

PT. Furin Jaya X

PT. Federal
Mardhika
Citramandiri
 X
PT. Karya
Kabel Taliarta X

PT. Star
Impactama
Indah X X

PT. Indoka
Jaya X

PT. Citra
Mahasurya
Industries X X

PT.
Magnakabel
Nusantara X X

PT. Olex
Cables
Indonesia

PT.
Anekakabel
Ciptaguna X

PT. Autocomp
Systems
Indonesia

PT.
Communication
Cable Systems
Ind.

PT. Prysmian
Cables
Indonesia X X X X

PT. Indowire
Prima
Industrindo

PT. BICC
Berca Cables X X X X

PT. Prima
Cable Indo X X

PT. Aneka
Kabel Elektrik X

PT. Cetral Wire
Industrial X X

PT. Furukawa
Supreme
Optical Cable

PT. Sutanto
Arifchandra
Electronic X

 Electric cable

 Cu Al Bare Bare
 Rod Rod Copper Alu
 Cond Cond

PT. Kabelindo
Murni Tbk. X X

PT. GT Kabel
Indonesia Tbk. X X X X

PT. Sucaco
Tbk. X X X X

PT. Terang
Kita X X X

PT. Sumi Indo
Kabel Tbk. X X X

PT. Jembo
Cable
Company Tbk. X X X X

PT. Nikkatsu
Electric Works

PT. Cahaya
Angkasa Abadi X

PT. Sinar
Merbabu X X

PT. Voksel
Electric Tbk. X X X

PT. Ewindo

PT. Phenolic
Prima
Indonesia X X

PT. Puji
Cahaya

PT. Kawat Mas
Prakasa X

PT. Furin Jaya X

PT. Federal
Mardhika

Citramandiri

PT. Karya
Kabel Taliarta

PT. Star
Impactama
Indah X

PT. Indoka
Jaya

PT. Citra
Mahasurya
Industries X X

PT.
Magnakabel
Nusantara X

PT. Olex
Cables
Indonesia

PT.
Anekakabel
Ciptaguna X X

PT. Autocomp
Systems
Indonesia

PT.
Communication
Cable Systems
Ind.

PT. Prysmian
Cables
Indonesia X X

PT. Indowire
Prima
Industrindo

PT. BICC
Berca Cables X X

PT. Prima
Cable Indo X X X

PT. Aneka
Kabel Elektrik

PT. Cetral Wire
Industrial

PT. Furukawa
Supreme
Optical Cable

PT. Sutanto
Arifchandra
Electronic

 Enam
 Telecom Fiber Sp. -eled Others
 Cable Optic Cable Wire

PT. Kabelindo
Murni Tbk. X

PT. GT Kabel
Indonesia Tbk. X

PT. Sucaco
Tbk. X X X

PT. Terang
Kita X X

PT. Sumi Indo
Kabel Tbk. X X X

PT. Jembo
Cable
Company Tbk. X X X

PT. Nikkatsu
Electric Works X

PT. Cahaya
Angkasa Abadi X

PT. Sinar
Merbabu

PT. Voksel
Electric Tbk. X X X X

PT. Ewindo X X

PT. Phenolic
Prima
Indonesia

PT. Puji
Cahaya

PT. Kawat Mas
Prakasa

PT. Furin Jaya X

PT. Federal
Mardhika

Citramandiri
 X
PT. Karya
Kabel Taliarta

PT. Star
Impactama
Indah X

PT. Indoka
Jaya X

PT. Citra
Mahasurya
Industries

PT.
Magnakabel
Nusantara

PT. Olex
Cables
Indonesia X

PT.
Anekakabel
Ciptaguna

PT. Autocomp
Systems
Indonesia X

PT.
Communication
Cable Systems
Ind. X

PT. Prysmian
Cables
Indonesia X

PT. Indowire
Prima
Industrindo X X

PT. BICC
Berca Cables X

PT. Prima
Cable Indo

PT. Aneka
Kabel Elektrik X

PT. Cetral Wire
Industrial

PT. Furukawa
Supreme
Optical Cable X

PT. Sutanto
Arifchandra
Electronic

Source: APKABEL

Table--2
Cable code names and materials

Types of cable Code

Cable With Copper Conductors N
Standard Twisted Cable With Copper Conductor NF
Cable With Aluminum Conductors NA
Concentric Copper Wire Screening C
Polyvinylchloride (PVC) Insulation Y
Galvanized Flat Steel Wire Armour F
Polyethylene (PE) Insulation 2Y
Galvanized Round Steel or Aluminum Tape Amour R
Cross Linked Polyethylene Insulation Gb Steel Tape 2X
Helix (following F or R)
Copper Tape Screening S
Double Tape Steel or Aluminum Tape Amour B
Concentric Copper Conductor Over Each Core CE
Insulated CE XLPE
Sheathed Cable PE
Standard Twisted Cable re Circular NFA

Source: PT Sucaco

Table--3
Types of electric and telecommunication cable produced by Sucaco

Types of cable

Electric Cable Low voltage Medium voltage High Voltage

Type BCC--H NF C34- N2XK2Y/NA2XK2Y N2XK2Y/NA2XK2Y
 110, BCC-Hard 150 KV 150 KV
 SPLN 41-5:81,
 BCC Hard
 ASTM B8:1995
 BCC Soft Mfg
 BCC Soft SPLN,
 BCC Soft Man
 Spec BCC 1/2
 Hard SPLN
 41-4:84 BCC-H
 ASTM B8:1995

Cable Rated Voltage: IEC 840
specification 1, 8/3 kv up to
 18/30 kv

Cable content Bare Copper SPLN 43-5/IEC Copper /
 Conductor Half 502 Single Core Aluminum
 Hard Or Hard Power Cable, conductor, XLPE
 Used For Copper Or Insulated, Lead
 Overhead Aluminum sheathed, PE
 Transmission & Conductor, XLPE Sheathed Cable
 Distribution Insulated, With
 Or Without
 water
 BlockingTape,
 Copper wire or
 Copper Tape
 Screened, PVC
 Sheathed. Used
 for
 Distribution,
 Indoor and
 outdoor
 Installation in
 Conduit Troughs
 or trays or in
 the ground
 where not
 sustain
 mechanical
 damage

Telecommunication Cable type Cable Cable content
Cable specification

 R-V (Pe)V INDOOR SCREEN Copper
 CABLES Conductor, PVC
 SII 0710 insulated,
 Aluminum tape
 screened, PVC
 sheathed. Used
 for indoor
 installation
 and telephone.

Source: Sucaco

Table--4
Indonesia National Standard (SNI) for electric cables

No Standard Title Remarks

 1 SNI 04-2697-1992 XPLE for isolation of Min. decision
 electric cable with voltage 407/M/SK/10/1980
 of 1 kV to 30 kV

 2 SNI 04-2698-1999 PVC isolated wire, voltage
 of 450/750 Volt (NYA)

 3 SNI 04-2699-1999 Isolated cable and sheathed
 with PVC with voltage of
 0.6 volt (NYM)

 4 SNI 04-2700-1999 Isolated ground cable and
 sheathed with PVC protected
 with steel wire or aluminum
 0.6/1 kV (NYFGbY/NAYFGbY/
 NYRGbY/NYRY/NA YRY)

 5 SNI 04-2701-1999 Isolated ground cable and
 sheathed with PVC with
 voltage of 0.6/1 kV
 (NYY/NAYY)

 6 SNI 04-6122-1999 Isolated ground cable and
 sheathed with PVC
 protected with steel or
 aluminum wires with voltage
 of 0,6/1 Kv (NYBY/NAYBY)

 7 SNI 04-3234-1992 Flexible cable isolated and Min. decision
 sheathed with PVC with 74/M/SK/2/1988
 voltage of 500 V (NYMHY)

 8 SNI 04-3235-1992 Flexible cable isolated and
 sheathed with PVC with
 nominal voltage of 500 V
 (NYMHY Oval)

 9 SNI 04-3236-1992 Flexible wire isolated with
 PVC nominal voltage of 1000
 V (NYAF)

10 SNI 04-3237-1992 Flexible cable twins and
 triplets isolated with PVC
 for working voltage of up
 to 380 V (NYY/NYD)

11 SNI 04-3238-1992 Flexible cable twins to
 triplets to quintuplets
 isolated, sheathed with PVC
 with nominal voltage of 380
 V (NYIFY)

Table--5
Indonesia's cable production capacity, 2006

 Production capacity
Types of cable (ton/year)

* Telecommunication Cable 132,900
* Power Cable 258,650
* Special Cable 43,150
* Enameled Wire 8,800
TOTAL 445,090

Source: Apkabel

Table--6
Indonesia's main cable makers

 Production
 capacity
Companies Status (ton/year) Investment

PT. WALSIN LIPPO INDUSTRIES PMA (*) 38,500 US$ 134,211,391
PT. TERANG KITA PMDN (*) 38,000 Rp. 22,794,000,000
PT. SUMI INDO KABEL Tbk. PMA 36,000 Rp. 321,000,000,000
PT. KMI WIRES AND CABLES PMDN 29,750 Rp. 162,193,790,000
 (Formerly PT GT KABEL
 INDONESIA) TBK
PT. SUPREME CABLE PMDN 25,200 Rp. 205,583,400,000
 MANUFACTURING CORPORATION
 TBK
PT. KABELINDO MURNI TBK PMDN 23,500 Rp. 20,000,000,000
PT. PULUNG COPPER WORKS PMDN 21,840 Rp. 2,100,860,000
PT. VOKSEL ELECTRIC TBK PMA 18,150 Rp. 250,000,000,000
PT. SHIKING INDONESIA PMA 18,000 US$ 11,750,000
PT. ANEKA KABEL CIPTAGUNA PMDN 17,280 Rp. 12,588,000,000
PT PRYSMIAN CABLE INDONESIA PMA 15,200 US$ 67,300,000
 (Formerly PT. PIRELLI
 CABEL INDUSTRI)
PT. JEMBO CABLE COMPANY TBK PMDN 15,195 Rp. 34,627,000,000
PT. BICC BERCA CABLES PMA 10,000 US$ 35,198,000
PT. JAYAKO MURNI ABADI Non 8,400 Rp. 5,330,000,000
 Facility
PT. CITRA MAHA SURYA PMDN 7,800 Rp. 25,000,000,000
 INDUSTRY

(*) PMA = Foreign Investment Company

PMDN = Domestic Investment Company

Source: Data Consult, Apkabel, BKPM. Industry Ministry

Table--7
Indonesia's cable production, 2004-2008

 Production Growth
Year (ton) (%)

2004 111.3
2005 133.5 20
2006 178.0 33
2007 289.3 63
2008 (*) 378.3 31
Average growth (%) 37

Note: (*) provisional figure

Source: Data Consult/ICN

Table--8
Financial performance of main cable makers, 2006-2008

 Total Income
Name of company (Rp million)

 2006 2007 2008 (*)

KMI Wire and Cable Tbk, PT 1,130,748 1,280,446 796,860
Supreme Cable Tbk, PT 1,483,069 2,281,701 1,157,807
Jembo Cable Company
 Tbk, PT 448,021 735,589 484,008
Kabelindo Murni Tbk, PT 285,472 499,480 263,153
Voksel Electric Tbk, PT 919,537 1,358,648 1,019,761
Sumi Indokabel Tbk, PT 1,914,345 1,590,455 835,237
 6,183,198 7,748,326 4,556,826

Name of company Net Profit

 2006 2007 2008 (*)

KMI Wire and Cable Tbk, PT 50,382 25,635 30,968
Supreme Cable Tbk, PT 51,643 54,209 14,399
Jembo Cable Company
 Tbk, PT 593 22,922 12,752
Kabelindo Murni Tbk, PT 7,270 12,585 2,739
Voksel Electric Tbk, PT 35,597 53,701 39,544
Sumi Indokabel Tbk, PT 55,374 77,467 30,346
 202,865 248,526 130,748

Source: Indonesia Stock Exchange

Note: (*) per June 2008

Table--9
Indonesia's exports of cables 2004-2007

Year Volume Value

 Growth Growth
 (Tons) (%) 000 US$ (%)

2004 66,625 287,701
2005 77,339 16.08 505,872 75.80
2006 87,178 12.72 735,813 45.45
2007 111,619 28.03 917,774 24.72

Source: BPS

Table--10
Exports of cables by types, 2004-2007

Tons/000'US$

HS Description 2004 2005 2006 2007

8544.11.0010 Winding wire of
 copper, laquered/
 enamelled 355

 2,731

8544.11.0020 Winding wire of
 copper, cover with
 paper textile
 material/pvc 14,719

 70,262

8544.11.0030 Winding wire of
 copper, laquer/
 enamelled & cover
 with paper, textile
 material/pvc 165

 1,404

8544.11.0040 Winding wire of
 copper, rect
 cross-sect. and
 without connectors 10

 617

8544.11.0090 Other winding wire
 of copper 70

 966

8544.11.110 Rectangular winding
 wire of copper 233 1,269

 1,288 7,610

8544.11.190 Winding wire of
 copper in other forms 96 --

 1,187 --

8544.11.200 Winding wire of
 copper covered with
 Textile 57 4,675 5,040

 179 14,372 23,118

8544.11.300 Winding wire of
 copper insulated with
 PVC 830 290 27

 1,235 868 207

8544.11.4000 Winding wire of
 copper of oth,
 rectang.
 Cross-section &
 without connector 1 1

 8 3

8544.11.9000 Winding wire of
 copper of oth 7,384 7,898

 17,583 19,210

8544.11.910 Rectangular winding
 wire of other, cover
 with paper 600

 1,598

8544.11.990 Other winding wire 9,030

 20,654

8544.19.1000 Winding Wire not of
 copper of laquered/
 enameled 69 107

 389 492

8544.19.2000 Inding wire not of
 copper of manganese
 resistance wire 1 1

 2 2

8544.19.300 Manganese resistance
 wire 1

 1

8544.19.900 Winding wire of other
 than copper of other
 type 63 25 961 241

 573 166 6,137 1,792

8544.20.100 Co-axial cable fitted
 with connectors 10,376 5,901 12,105 5,220

 116,701 85,131 157,107 92,566

8544.20.2000 Insult cables cot
 fitted with conec.,
 fo ra voltage <=
 66.000 volts 182 446 91

 939 1,973 626

8544.20.210 Co-axial cable not
 fitted with
 Connectors insulated
 with PVC 246

 1,245

8544.20.290 Other co-axial cable
 not fitted with
 Connectors 23

 123

8544.20.3000 Insul. cables not
 fitted with connec.,
 fo ra voltage >
 66.000 volt 1 21 1

 2 208 2

8544.20.4000 Insulated cables
 not fitted with
 connectors, for a
 voltage > 66.000
 volt 26

 88

8544.30.1000 Wiring harnesses for
 motor vehicles 10,534 14,799 20,831

 134,831 200,303 338,094

8544.30.9000 Wiring harnesses for
 aircraft/ship 4,522 2,406 2,356

 52,803 38,644 32,096

8544.41.000 Elect. Conductor for
 a voltage < 80 V
 fitted with connector 861

 3,869

8544.41.1100 Telephone cables,
 submarine fitted with
 conectors 7 182

 516 1,637

8544.41.1200 Telephone cables, oth
 than submarine fitted
 with conectors 142 1,207

 658 5,133

8544.41.1500 Oth plastic insulated
 electric cable having
 cross sect <= 30mm
 fitt w co 1

 16

8544.41.1900 Oth elec. conduc o
 than 8544.41.11-15
 fitted with
 connectors 666 58

 1,556 620

8544.41.9100 Plastic insul.
 Electric cable having
 cross section <= 30mm
 fitt w co 3 14

 148 495

8544.41.9300 Plastic insulated
 electric conductors
 fitted connectors 2

 54

8544.41.9400 Controlling cables
 fitted with
 connectors 1

 18

8544.41.9900 oth electris
 conductor oth than
 8544.41.91-95 fitted
 connectors 233 158

 10,247 2,962

8544.42.1100 Telephone, telegraph,
 radio relay cable
 submarine, for
 communication, <= 8V 55

 2,224

8544.42.1900 Other fitted with
 connectors for
 telecommunication,
 voltage <= 8V 401

 1,620

8544.42.2000 Fitted with
 connectors for
 telecommunication
 voltage > 8V& <= 1V 12

 28

8544.42.9000 Oth fitted with
 conector, for voltage
 <= 1 volts 1,908

 14,794

8544.49.1100 Elect. Conductor for
 a voltage < 80 V
 insulated with PVC 2,209 585 868 235

 17,506 9,180 19,385 8,224

8544.49.1200 Telep. teleg & radio
 relay cables, oth
 than submarine not
 fitt with 89 74

 264 314

8544.49.1900 Other cable for
 electrical conductor
 for a voltage < 80 V 433 482 147 823

 4,861 10,178 5,395 12,715

8544.49.2100 Shielded wire for
 mnfact. Of autowiring
 harnesses, not for
 communication, <= 8V 1,967

 16,543

8544.49.2900 Oth fitted with
 connectors, <= 80V,
 not for used for
 telecommunications 213

 4,442

8544.49.3100 Telephone, telegraph,
 radio relay cable
 submarine, for
 communication, > 8V
 & <= 1V 2

 14

8544.49.3900 Oth fitted with
 connectors for
 telecommunication,
 voltage > 8V and < 1V 25,277

 158,756

8544.49.4000 Other fitted with
 connectors, > 80V &
 <= 1V of a kind not
 used for telecom 115

 4,030

8544.49.910 Other elect.
 Conductor for voltage
 < 80 V insulated with
 PVC 1 66 81

 37 408 614

8544.49.9500 Shielded wire of kind
 used in the mfd of
 auto wiring harns not
 fit w 1

 2

8544.49.990 Other electric
 conductor < 80 V
 insulated with other
 materials 172 2,966 2,299

 1,043 20,728 22,786

8544.51.000 Elect. Conductor of
 80 V < Volt < 1000 V
 with fitted
 connectors 11,330

 34,082

8544.51.1100 Teleph. teleg & radio
 relay cables,
 submarine fitted with
 connec for 80v <
 volt < 1,390 497

 4,501 2,419

8544.51.1200 Teleph, telegrap &
 radio relay cables,
 oth than submarine
 fit w conn for 80 V
 < V 174

 466

8544.51.1900 oth elec conduc oth
 than 8544.51.11-12
 fitt with connec for
 80 V < V 484 8

 2,232 62

8544.51.9100 Plastic insult. Elec.
 Cable having a cross
 sec <= 300mm fitt w
 conn for 80V < V =
 1000V 3,865 3,477

 12,587 14,696

8544.51.9200 Plastic insul. Elec.
 Cable having a cross
 sec > 300 mm fitt w
 conn for 80 V < V < 5 16

 13 63

8544.51.9400 Controlling cables
 fitted with
 connectors for 80V <
 Voltage <= 1,000V 1

 1

8544.51.9900 Oth elec conduc o
 than 8544.51.91-94
 fitted with connec
 for 80V < Volt <= 482 850

 3,718 22,860

8544.59.110 Elect. Conductor of
 80 V < Volt < 1000 V
 insulated with PVC 220 156 5,700

 429 449 25,646

8544.59.1200 Telp. Teleg. & rad
 relay cab, o. thn
 submarine not fitted
 with conn for 80 V <
 V < 125 995

 385 6,625

8544.59.190 Other cable for
 electric conductor of
 80 V < Volt < 1000 V 19,973 23,539 18,237

 54,298 87,282 111,787

8544.59.910 Other electric
 conductor of 80 V <
 Volt < 1000 V
 insulated with PVC 119

 277

8544.59.9200 Plastic insulated
 elec. Cable having
 cross sec > 300 mm &
 80V < Voltage <= 1000 14

 55

8544.59.9400 Controlling cables
 not fitted with
 connectors for 80V <
 Voltage <= 1000V 1

 4

8544.59.990 Other elect.
 Conductor 80V < Volt
 < 1000V 1,090 1,286 806

 3,510 3,995 3,800

8544.60.000 Other electric
 conductors, for a
 voltage exceeding
 1000 V 7,593 33,056

 17,017 130,103

8544.60.1100 Plastic insulated
 elec. Cable having
 cross sec <= 400 mm
 for 1 KV < Volt <= 36
 K 5,134 6,829

 18,689 34,708

8544.60.1900 Plastic insulated
 elec. Cable having
 cross sec < 400 mm
 for 1 KV < Volt <=
 36 K 8 1

 25 13

8544.60.2100 Plastic insulated
 elec. Cable having
 cross sec <= 4mm for
 36 KV < volt <= 66KV 94

 114

8544.60.2900 Plastic insulated
 elec. Cable having
 cross sec > 400 mm
 for Voltage > 66 K 1 773

 3 3,752

8544.60.3000 Other electric
 conductors, for a
 voltage > 66 KV 135

 700

8544.60.3900 Plastic insulated
 elec. Cable having
 cross sec > 400 mm
 for Voltage > 66 K 1

 1

8544.60.9200 Teleph, Telegraph,
 Radio relay cables,
 oth than submarine
 for voltage > 1KV 347

 1,810

8544.60.9900 Oth electric
 conductors oth than
 8544.60.91-92 for
 voltage > 1 Kv 53 1

 106 1

8544.70.000 Optical Fibre Cables 1,269

 5,988

8544.70.1000 Optical Fibre Cables
 Teleph, telegraph &
 Radio relay Cables,
 oth than submarine 114 59 22

 473 859 207

8544.70.2000 Optical Fibre Cables
 Teleph, telegraph &
 Radio relay Cables
 submarine 265 281

 1,658 2,463

8544.70.2000 Optical Fibre Cables
 Teleph, telegraph &
 Radio relay Cables
 submarine 265 281

 1,658 2,463

8544.70.9000 Oth Optical Fibre
 Cables 149 142 2471

 631 1,090 18,350

TOTAL 66,625 77,339 87,178 111,619

 287,701 505,872 735,813 917,774

Source: BPS

Tabel--11
Imports of cable, 2004-2007

 Volume Value
Year (Tons) (000 US$)

2004 20,772 83,428
2005 (*) 27,580 132,600
2006 35,830 179,575
2007 50,003 222,186

Note: (*) Revised

Source: BPS, Data Consult/ICN

Table--12
Domestic consumption of cables, 2004-2007

Production Imports Exports Market Size

111,3 20,7 66,6 65,4
133,5 27,6 77,3 83,8
178,0 35,8 87,1 126,7
289,3 50,0 111,6 227,7

Source: Data Consult/ICN

Table--13
Projected consumption of cables, 2008-2009

 Projected consumption
Year ('000 tons)

2008 (*) 295
2009 310
2010 356
2011 427
2012 513

Note: (*) forecast
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Title Annotation:INDUSTRY PROFILE
Comment:Development of cable industry in Indonesia.(INDUSTRY PROFILE)
Publication:Indonesian Commercial Newsletter
Article Type:Statistical table
Geographic Code:9INDO
Date:Mar 1, 2009
Words:7150
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