Development of cable industry in Indonesia.
The country's cable industry was badly hit by the 1998 crisis. Until 2004, utilization utilization,
n 1. the extent to which a given group uses a particular service in a specified period. Although usually expressed as the number of services used per year per 100 or per 1000 persons eligible for the service, utilization rates may be of the production capacity of the industry was only around 25%-30% of installed production capacity. The industry began to revive To renew.
For example, revival is the act of renewing the legal force of a contract or debt, either by acknowledging it or by giving a new promise, when the contract or debt is no longer a sufficient foundation for a lawsuit because it is barred by the running of the Statute only in the past three years starting 2006. In 2007, the country's cable production totaled 300,000 tons (Transparent Optical Networking Services) A marketing term for providing dark fiber to a customer. The customer is responsible for generating the transmission signal and interpreting it at the other end. See dark fiber. or 65% of the installed capacity of 445,000 tons. Brisk Brisk as a proper name may refer to:
The fast growing demand for electricity has forced the government to launch am ambitious plan called crash program to build coal fired power plants with a total capacity of 10,000 megawatts to be completed in 2010-2011. The program is to be followed with a second phase with the same capacity. The first program is in progress pushing up demand for electric cable.
Demand for cables has increased not only n the domestic market but also in export market such as Middle East. The oil rich region, which earned windfall profit Windfall profit
A sudden unexpected profit uncontrolled by the profiting party. with the soaring soaring: see flight; glider.
Sport of flying a glider or sailplane. The craft is towed behind a powered airplane to an altitude of about 2,000 ft (600 m) and then released. price of oil since 2006, is safe from the impact of the global financial crisis. Property and infrastructure development continue to be brisk in Middle East. The projects need large supply of electric cables including transmission and distribution cables.
The revival revival n. 1) requesting a court to reinstate the force of an old judgment. 2) reinstating a contract or debt by a new agreement after the right to demand performance or collect has expired under the statute of limitations (the time to sue). of the cable market in 2007 and 2008 was reflected by the financial performance of listed cable producers. PT Sumi SUMI Software Usability Measurement Inventory (measures software quality from the user's point of view) Kabel Kabel may refer to:
A setback setback
In architecture, a steplike recession in the profile of a high-rise building. Usually dictated by building codes to allow sunlight to reach streets and lower floors, the building must take another step back from the street for every specified added height interval. , however, came toward the end of 2008 when sales began to sink including in export market. As a result of the global financial crisis.
Increase in the prices of basic materials like copper contributed to the problem faced by cable industry lately. Many cable producers suffered losses on foreign exchange as they bought the basic materials in US dollar the value of which surged facing the rupiah ru·pi·ah
n. pl. rupiah
See Table at currency.
[Hindi rupay, rupiy .
Despite the gloomy gloom·y
adj. gloom·i·er, gloom·i·est
1. Partially or totally dark, especially dismal and dreary: a damp, gloomy day.
2. outlook lately, the prospects for cable industry are still encouraging in the country with the big plan of the government in the electricity sector.
Types of cable
Cable industry in Indonesia Indonesia (ĭn'dənē`zhə), officially Republic of Indonesia, republic (2005 est. pop. 241,974,000), c.735,000 sq mi (1,903,650 sq km), SE Asia, in the Malay Archipelago. has expanded and could produce various types of cable electric cable, telecommunication telecommunication
Communication between parties at a distance from one another. Modern telecommunication systems—capable of transmitting telephone, fax, data, radio, or television signals—can transmit large volumes of information over long distances. cable, control cable, fiber optic optic /op·tic/ (op´tik) ocular (1).
op·tic or op·ti·cal
1. Of or relating to the eye or vision.
2. , etc.
Electric cables consist of different types by voltage High Voltage The term high voltage characterizes electrical circuits, in which the voltage used is the cause of particular safety concerns and insulation requirements. High voltage is used in electrical power distribution, in cathode ray tubes, to generate X-rays and particle beams, to (HV), Medium Voltage (MV), and Low voltage Low voltage is an electrical engineering term that broadly identifies safety considerations of an electricity supply system based on the voltage used. While different definitions exist for the exact voltage range covered by "low voltage", the most commonly used ones include "mains . Electric cables could also be divided into Bare Aluminum Conductor conductor
Any of various substances that allow the flow of electric current or thermal energy. A conductor is a poor insulator because it has a low resistance to such flow. and Bare Copper Conductor. Generally bare cables are aerial aerial: see antenna, in electronics. cables having extra high, high and medium voltage.
Almost all large cable producers such as PT Sucaco, Sumi Indo Kabel, Voksel elektrik, produce all types of cables both electric cable, telephone cables, and fiber optic.
Each cable has an identity showing the type of conductor, type of isolator i·so·late
tr.v. i·so·lat·ed, i·so·lat·ing, i·so·lates
1. To set apart or cut off from others.
2. To place in quarantine.
3. , types of insulator insulator
Substance that blocks or retards the flow of electric current or heat. An insulator is a poor conductor because it has a high resistance to such flow. Electrical insulators are commonly used to hold conductors in place, separating them from one another and from , etc. Cable with NYY NYY New York Yankees code is cable with copper conductor (using the code of N), PVC PVC: see polyvinyl chloride.
in full polyvinyl chloride
Synthetic resin, an organic polymer made by treating vinyl chloride monomers with a peroxide. isolator, in two layers (YY code)
Cable could have several types of conductors and isolators and with toughening material or protector protector /pro·tec·tor/ (-tek´ter) a substance in a catalyst that prolongs the rate of activity in the latter. from steel tape. For example, high voltage underground cables are apart from a number of layers of isolator, are also given steel tape protectors For the 1970s television series made by Gerry Anderson, see The Protectors
Protectors was a team of fictional superheroes that starred in the eponymous title published by Malibu Comics. to protect them from being damaged from possible impact of hard or sharp material. See the following table.
The cable products of Sucaco include low voltage, medium voltage and high voltage. Apart from electric and telephone cables, Sucaco produces enameled e·nam·el
1. A vitreous, usually opaque, protective or decorative coating baked on metal, glass, or ceramic ware.
2. An object having such a coating, as in a piece of cloisonné.
3. wires, which include Polyvinyl polyvinyl /poly·vi·nyl/ (-vi´nil) a polymerization product of a monomeric vinyl compound.
polyvinyl alcohol see under alcohol. Formal Copper Wire, Polyester-imide Copper Wire, Polyester polyester, synthetic fiber, produced by the polymerization of the product formed when an alcohol and organic acid react. The outstanding characteristic of polyesters is their ability to resist wrinkling and to spring back into shape when creased. Copper Wire, Polyurethane polyurethane
Any of a class of very versatile polymers that are made into flexible and rigid foams, fibres, elastomers (elastic polymers), surface coatings, and adhesives. Copper Wire, Polyester Nylon nylon, synthetic thermoplastic material characterized by strength, elasticity, resistance to abrasion and chemicals, low moisture absorbency, and capacity to be permanently set by heat. After 10 years of research E. I. Copper Wire, and Polyester Amide Imide imide /im·ide/ (im´id) any compound containing the bivalent group, dbondNH, to which are attached only acid radicals.
Standardization of cable
The government has determined 11 national standards for cable such as SNI (1) (Subscriber Network Interface) The point of interface between the customer's equipment (CPE) and a communications service from a common carrier.
(2) (SNA Network I determined by the industry ministry including SNI 04-2697-1992 and SNI 043234-1992. SNI 04-2697-1992 is used for electric cables using XPLE as isolator and electric cable having voltage raging rag·ing
1. Very active and unpredicatable; volatile: a raging debate; a raging fire.
2. Remarkable; extraordinary: a raging hit on prime-time TV. from 1 kV to 30 kV. SNI 043234-1992 is used for flexible cable isolated and sheathed sheath
n. pl. sheaths
a. A case for a blade, as of a sword.
b. Any of various similar coverings.
2. with PVC having nominal Trifling, token, or slight; not real or substantial; in name only.
Nominal capital, for example, refers to extremely small or negligible funds, the use of which in a particular business is incidental.
NOMINAL. Relating to a name. voltage of 500 V (low voltage) that is the type of NYMHY
The SNI was determined in 1988 through a decision of the industry and trade minister No. 407/M/SK/10/1980 on the application of Indonesian industrial standard (SII SII Servicio de Impuestos Internos (Chile)
SII Seiko Instruments, Inc.
SII Strong Interest Inventory
SII Standards Institution of Israel
SII Securities and Investment Institute (UK) ) and the use of SII for six types of low voltage standard electric cable and in 1988 had through a decision of the Minister No. 74/M/SK/2/1988 required the use of SII and the SII mark for 5 types of flexible electric cable : SII.2256-87; SII.2257-87; SII.2258-87; SII. 2259-87 and SII. 2260-87.
Starting 1992, SII was changed with Indonesia National Standard (SNI) base don a decision of the Industry and Trade Minister.
Cable producers and production capacity
After the 1998 crisis, there was almost no addition in the number of cable factories and installed capacity. The member of the association of cable producers (APKABEL), which groups almost all cable factories in the country did not change much. In 1997, there were 35 members of the association and 2006, the number slightly declined to 34 companies.
Base don official data at the industry ministry, among 48 registered cable factories in 2005, only 33 were in operation.
Number of cable factories grouped in Apkabel
* 1974 = 5 companies
* 1997 = 35 companies
* 2000 = 35 companies
* 2002 = 36 companies
* 2005 = 33 companies
* 2006 = 34 companies
The production capacity of the country's cable industry has not changed much since 2004. Base din DIN - Deutsche Institut fuer Normung. The German standardisation body, a member of ISO. data at APKABEL the production capacity is around 445,000 tons year for all types of cable.
Most cable factories date back to year before the 1998 crisis. Low demand caused factories to operate much below their production capacity. Increase began only in 2005 to peak in 2007. New investment began in cable industry that year including for capacity expansion. A Malaysian company, PT Wonderful Wire and Cable, built a factory in Medan. Another foreign company PT Prysman invested for capacity expansion.
Currently there are 15 major cable makers in Indonesia. Most of them are old companies like PT Tranka Kabel that came on line in 1952.
PT Sumi Indo Kabel Tbk TBK - Tool Builder Kit (Perusahaan) was established on 23 July July: see month. 1981, with the name of PT Industri Kawat Indonesia. The name of the company was changed with PT IKI IKI Internet-Käyttäjät Ikuisesti (Finnish: Internet Users Forever)
IKI Institut Kosmitscheski Isledowani (Russian: Space Research Institute) Indah Kabel Indonesia in 1982.
PT Voksel Electric Tbk was established in 1971. Later its status was changed into a foreign investment (PMA PMA (papillary-marginal-attached),
n a system of epidemiologic scoring of periodontal disease devised by Schour and Massler in which the symbols denote the areas involved in gingival inflammation.
PMA Progressive muscular atrophy ) company after establishing cooperation with Showa Electric Wire & Cable Co. Ltd from Japan. There are six publicly listed cable makers--PT Supreme Cable Manufacturing and Commerce TBK (SUCACO), PT Sumi Indo Kabel, PT Kabelindo, PT Voksel Electric, PT KMI KMI Kerrigan Media International, Inc.
KMI Koninklijk Meteorologisch Instituut
KMI Key Management Infrastructure
KMI Knowledge Management Institute (George Washington University)
KMI Keep Me Informed Wires and Cables and PT Jembo Cable.
Cable producers operate at high capacity
The country's cable industry was hit hard by the monetary crisis in 1997/1998 on falling demand. Capacity utilization Capacity Utilization measures the rate at which a firm makes use of their capital productive capacities, such as factories and machinery. Capacity Utilization generally rises when the economy is healthy and falls when demand softens. was only 25%-30%. The condition improved only in 2004 and 2005, when the country's economy began to recover from the crisis. The growth of the industry peaked in 2007 when the government launched its 10,000 megawatt meg·a·watt
n. Abbr. MW
One million watts.
mega·watt crash program in the electricity sector pushing up demand for electric cables. Demand also rose in export market notable in Middle East where the construction sector was brisk amid the soaring oil prices. Strong demand in 2007 resulted in an increase in capacity utilization of the country's cable industry to 65%-70%.
The capacity utilization was expected to scale up further in 2008 to around 90% of the total installed capacity of 445,090 ton, if the crash program in the electric sector ran as expected.
A faster growth was recorded in the production of electric cable to follow the brisk development in the electric sector.
Meanwhile, almost all telephone operators including state telecommunication company PT Telkom Telkom may refer to:
fibre optic cable
transmission line, cable, line - a conductor for transmitting electrical or optical signals or electric power in their new projects. All producers of metallic cable could produce fiber optic cable.
The government has a big telecommunication project, Palapa pa·la·pa
1. An open-sided dwelling with a thatched roof made of dried palm leaves.
2. A structure, such as a bar or restaurant in a tropical resort, that is open-sided and thatched with palm leaves. Ring, using fiber optic cable.
Toward the end of 2008, demand for cables began to decline as a result of the global economic slowdown and crisis. Many large property projects including development of new cities in Middle East have been shelved.
Profile of main players
PT Supreme Cable Manufacturing & Commerce (PT Sucaco)
This company was established in 1970 with the name of PT Supreme Cable Manufacturing Corporation. In 1996, Sucaco became a public company selling part of its share at the Jakarta Stock Exchange Jakarta Stock Exchange
Established in 1977, the largest securities exchange in Indonesia. . In 1997, it was renamed PT Supreme Cable manufacturing & Commerce (Sucaco). Sucaco is the pioneer in modern cable industry in Indonesia.
PT Supreme Cable Manufacturing & Commerce Tbk reported sales valued at Rp2.3 trillion One thousand times one billion, which is 1, followed by 12 zeros, or 10 to the 12th power. See space/time.
(mathematics) trillion - In Britain, France, and Germany, 10^18 or a million cubed.
In the USA and Canada, 10^12. in 2007 or an increase of 53.85% from Rp1.5 trillion in the previous year. The sales in 2007 included exports valued at Rp537.6 billion or an increase of 413.45% from Rp104.7 billion in 2006. Most of the exports were to Middle East.
The company, however, reported only a slight increase of 4.97% in profit to Rp54.2 billion in 2007 reflecting a sharp competition in the market.
In 2008, PT Supreme Cable Manufacturing & Commerce Tbk posted only Rp11.23 billion in profit, down 79.3% form the previous year. Its sales fell 6.8% to Rp2,127.03 billion from Rp2,281.70 billion.
Sumi Indo Kabel
PT Sumi Indo Kabel Tbk was established on 23 July 1981, with the name of PT Industri Kawat Indonesia. The company was renamed PT IKI Indah Kabel Indonesia in 1982.
In 2006, PT Sumi Indo Kabel Tbk. recorded the largest sales among publicly listed cable makers. However, in 2007, its sales fell when other companies recorded an increase. Its sales in 2007 fell 16.93% to Rp1,590 billion from Rp1,914 billion after it stopped in 2006 selling copper wires and copper rod produced by its subsidiary PT Karya Karya may refer to places in Greece:
The company did not sell the two types of cable as the profit margin was too low. The copper cable produced by PT Karya Sumiden is then used to feed only cable factory of PT Sumi Indo Kabel. As a result, PT Sumi Indo Kabel reported an increase in operating profit Operating profit (or loss)
Revenue from a firm's regular activities less costs and expenses and before income deductions.
See operating income. despite a decline in income as it sales and operating costs operating costs npl → gastos mpl operacionales declined also decline.
A significant decline was also recorded in non operating cost from Rp19.076 billion to Rp4.573 billion resulting in a sharp increase of 74.58% in net profit to Rp77.467 billion.
PT Voksel Electric Tbk
The company is a producer and distributor of electric cables. PT Voksel Electric Tbk showed in its financial report for 2007, a 48% increase in sales to Rp 1,358.64 billion from Rp 919.53 billion in 2006 with net profit surging 51 % to Rp 53.7 billion from Rp35.59 billion.
In 2008, PT Voksel Electric Tbk recorded an estimated 46.3% increase in sales to Rp1.856 trillion. In the first half of that year it posted Rp 1,019.76 billion in sales.
Company sources said PT Voksel Electric had a 30% share of supply of electric cables for the 10,000 MW crash program.
In 2008, PT Voksel held a number of contracts to supply electric cable to a number of power generating projects. Voksel supplies high voltage cable for the projects. The company has expanded its production capacity from 800 ton per month to 1,300 tons of for aluminum cables, from 130 tons to 180 tons of medium voltage cable and from 100,000 tons to 120,000 tons of fiber optic.
PT Jembo Cable Company Tbk
v. con·sol·i·dat·ed, con·sol·i·dat·ing, con·sol·i·dates
1. To unite into one system or whole; combine: sales recorded by PT Jembo Cable Company Tbk. rose 64.2% or Rp287.6 billion from Rp448 billion in 2006 to Rp735,6 billion in 2007. The sales exceeded its target of Rp 496 billion.
The net profit of the company rose Rp22.3 billion from Rp600 million to Rp 22.9 billion in the same period.
Increase was recorded in the sales of low voltage electric cable with copper conductor which rose from Rp150 billion in 2006 to Rp407 billion in 2007. The sales of medium voltage electric cable rose from Rp91 billion to Rp 121 billion. The sales of metallic telephone cable rose from Rp39 billion to Rp51 billion. Decrease was recorded in the sales of low voltage electric cable with aluminum conductor falling from Rp140 billion in 2006 to Rp124 billion in 2007 and sales of fiber optic cable from Rp 20 billion to Rp 11 billion.
In 2007, PT Kabelindo Murni Tbk recorded a high increase in sales--up 175% to Rp 499.50 billion from Rp285.40 billion in the previous year. The surge See power surge.
SURGE - Sorter, Updater, Report Generator, Etc. IBM 704, 1959. Sammet 1969, p.8. was recorded especially in the demand for electric cables and telephone cables. Sales of electric cable on the domestic market reached Rp460.695 billion in 2007 and sales of telephone cable Rp36.72 billion.
Its profit rose 20% to Rp12.60 billion in 2007. Its sales in 2008 were estimated to rise still but not as sharp as in 2007. In the first half of 2008, its sales were valued at Rp 263 billion.
KMI Wire and Cable
PT GT Kabel Indonesia Tbk, now known with a new name of PT KMI Wire and Cable Tbk (KBLI KBLI may refer to:
1. A soft compact calcite, CaCO3, with varying amounts of silica, quartz, feldspar, or other mineral impurities, generally gray-white or yellow-white and derived chiefly from fossil seashells.
a. an increase in income to Rp1.4 trillion in 2008 as it already secured a potential contract of Rp 961 billion on the domestic and export market.
Based on its financial report in 2008, PT KMI Wire and Cable Tbk recorded Rp 26.644 billion in net profit in 2008 or up from 2007. The increase in profit was attributable attributable
emanating from or pertaining to attribute.
see attributable risk (below).
attributable risk to a sharp increase in net sales Net Sales
The amount a seller receives from the buyer after costs associated with the sale are deducted.
This amount is calculated by subtracting the following items from gross sales: merchandise returned for credit, allowances for damaged or missing goods, freight to Rp 1.731 trillion from Rp451.483 billion in 2007.
In 2008, the company reported a loss of Rp 17.311 billion on foreign exchange, up from Rp8.912 billion in 2007
The company said it hopes to secure order valued at Rp255 billion for exports and Rp706 billion from local buyers. The potential contracts included from PT PLN PLN
In currencies, this is the abbreviation for the Polish Zloty.
The currency market, also known as the Foreign Exchange market, is the largest financial market in the world, with a daily average volume of over US $1 trillion. (persero) valued at Rp463 billion, from buyers abroad valued at Rp255 billion, distributors Rp181 billion, and from spot market valued at Rp62 billion.
KBLI also secured contract to supply cable valued at Rp560.3 billion with delivery on June 30, 2008 including Rp275.1 billion with local buyers and Rp282.2 billion with buyers abroad. The company sells cables mainly to Africa, Middle East and Australia Australia (ôstrāl`yə), smallest continent, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. With the island state of Tasmania to the south, the continent makes up the Commonwealth of Australia, a federal parliamentary state (2005 est. pop. .
In 2009, PT KMI hopes to post Rp48 billion in net profit with income totaling Rp1.5 trillion from the sales of copper electric cable valued at Rp949 billion and aluminum electric cables valued at Rp472 billion.
Cable exports up
The slump Slump
A temporary fall in performance, often describing consistently falling security prices for several weeks or months. on the domestic market in the wake of the monetary crisis of 1997/1998, forced cable makers in the country to seek to boost exports to offset a decline in sales on the domestic market. Exports, therefore, began to rise in 2000 and the trend continued until 2007. In 2004, exports totaled 66,600 tons valued at US$ 287 million, up to 111,600 tons valued at US$ 917 million in 2007 or an increase of 20% a year.
Previously exports were made mainly to Japan, the Philippines Philippines
officially Republic of the Philippines
Island country, western Pacific Ocean, on an archipelago off the southeast coast of Asia. Area: 122,121 sq mi (316,294 sq km). Population (2005 est.): 84,191,000. , Bangladesh Bangladesh (bäng-lädĕsh`, băng–) [Bengali,=Bengal nation], officially People's Republic of Bangladesh, republic (2005 est. pop. 144,320,000), 55,126 sq mi (142,776 sq km), S Asia. and Sri Lanka Sri Lanka (srē läng`kə) [Sinhalese,=resplendent land], formerly Ceylon, ancient Taprobane, officially Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, island republic (2005 est. pop. , but in the last two years, the Middle East has become the main export destinations. The construction industry marked with rising property buildings is brisk following the oil boom in the oil rich region. New cities have been built or being build requiring larger supply of cables mainly electric cable and telephone cables.
Currently cable makers are more oriented o·ri·ent
1. Orient The countries of Asia, especially of eastern Asia.
a. The luster characteristic of a pearl of high quality.
b. A pearl having exceptional luster.
3. to export market. PT Sumi Indo Kabel, for example, exports most of its cable production. In the first half of 2008, the company exported 83% of its production leaving only 13% for domestic market.
PT KMI Wires and Cables Tbk
PT KMI has recorded an increase in its exports although most of its production is still disposed dis·pose
v. dis·posed, dis·pos·ing, dis·pos·es
1. To place or set in a particular order; arrange.
2. of on the domestic market. In 2007, sales on the domestic market made up 84% of its total sales with exports making up only 16%. In the first half of 2008, its exports rose in contribution to 25%. Its export markets have expanded to South America South America, fourth largest continent (1991 est. pop. 299,150,000), c.6,880,000 sq mi (17,819,000 sq km), the southern of the two continents of the Western Hemisphere. , Africa and Europe Europe (yr`əp), 6th largest continent, c.4,000,000 sq mi (10,360,000 sq km) including adjacent islands (1992 est. pop. 512,000,000). .
PT KMI said demand for cables have increased in Middle East in the past two years especially before the financial crisis in 2008. Large property projects and construction of new cities pushed up demand for cables especially electric cables.
In 2007 and 2008, around 70%-75% of exports by PT KMI were to Middle East. Other export regions accounted for the remaining 25%-30% of its exports. Growing exports have boosted production by the company prompting prompting
a stimulus that gets an animal to perform a desired behavior. it expand production capacity. It plans to expand its capacity by 25% by phases until 2010.
PT Supreme Cable Manufacturing & Commerce Tbk recorded sales valued at Rp 2.3 trillion. That year its exports were valued at Rp537.6 billion or an increase of 413.45% from Rp104.7 billion in 2006. Middle East is its largest buyer.
Other cable makers such as PT Voksel Electric Tbk also increased exports. Voksel exported cables valued at US$3 million to Middle East in 2007.
Indonesia exports various types of cable. The largest in volume is electric cable with voltage of more than 1000V (HS. 8544.60.000) totaling 33,000 tons in 2007 and telecommunications Communicating information, including data, text, pictures, voice and video over long distance. See communications. cable (HS 8544.49.39000 totaling 25,200 tons.
The largest exports in value were wiring harnesses for motor vehicles (HS 8544.30.1000) valued at US$ 338 million in 2007.
While exporting, the country also imports cables. Imports have increased in the past four years in line with the growing demand in the country. Imported cables are mainly fiber optics fiber optics, transmission of digitized messages or information by light pulses along hair-thin glass fibers. Each fiber is surrounded by a cladding having a high index of refractance so that the light is internally reflected and travels the length of the fiber and industrial cables
In 2004, imports of cable reached 20,772 tons valued at US$ 83,428,000 up to 50,003 tons valued at US$ 222,186,000.
A fast growth has been recorded in the country's consumption of cables in the past four years peaking in 2007. In 2004, consumption totaled 65,400 tons, up to 227,700 tons in 2007 or a three fold increase from the previous year.
The increase in consumption in 2007 came with the launching of the government's crash program in the electricity sector. Under the first crash program state electricity company PLN is to build coal-fired power plants with a total capacity of 10,000 megawatts. Outside the program a number of power plants have been built in Java Java (jä`və), island (1990 pop. 107,525,520), c.51,000 sq mi (132,090 sq km), Indonesia, S of Borneo, from which it is separated by the Java Sea, and SE of Sumatra across Sunda Strait. and other regions to cope with shortage in power supply.
In 2008, consumption continued to scale up as indicated by growing production and sales until the first half of that year. In the second half of that year demand began to fall both on the domestic and international markets as a result of the global financial crisis that caused the shelving shelv·ing
1. Shelves considered as a group.
2. Material for shelves.
3. An incline; a slope.
1. material for shelves
2. of many construction projects. In addition, rising prices of copper resulted in higher prices of cables.
The condition, however, is expected to improve in the coming years especially in the country as the government continues the crash program in the electricity sector.
Cable prices down 5%
A decline in the prices of basic materials like copper and aluminum in international market, brought about a decline in the price of cables by the end of 2008. The price of copper in March 2008 hit the level of US$8,680 per ton, but by the end of that year the price sank to US$ 6,000 per ton.
The price of aluminum also dropped from US$ 3,200 per ton to US$ 2,100 per ton. As a result the prices of cable were estimated to fall by 5%-6%.
A cable producer said if it already cut its selling price of its cables by 5% since last September September: see month. as the price of cables in the country depends much on the prices of copper and aluminum.
Prospects of Cable Industry
The domestic demand for power is forecast to grow more than 9% annually in the next 10 years. Meanwhile, the government hopes to be able to meet 95% of household power requirement in 2018, up from 60.8% in 2007.
Currently PLN's supplying capacity still falls short of the requirement, marked by the frequent crisis in power supply in various areas.
The government has launched a crash program to be carried out by PLN in the electricity sector to cope with growing shortage in power supply in Java and other regions. Under the crash program PLN is building coal-fired power plants with a total capacity of 10,000 megawatts to be completed in 2010-2011.
The projects to be built include 10 units of power generating plants with a total capacity of 6,900 MW in Java and 25 power generating plants with a capacity of 3,100 MW outside Java to start in mid 2006.
The program is now in progress starting 2006. Currently completion is about 60%. The project will need large supply of electric cables both for transmission network and distribution systems. The tender for the procurement The fancy word for "purchasing." The procurement department within an organization manages all the major purchases. of transmission cables for the entire power plants is valued at around Rp6.1 trillion. Procurement of cables for transmission network include Rp1.2 trillion in Java, Rp1.3 trillion for the southern Sumatra Sumatra (smä`trə), island (1990 pop. 36,471,731), c.183,000 sq mi (473,970 sq km), Indonesia, in the Indian Ocean along the equator, S and W of the Malay Peninsula (from which it system, Rp2.4 trillion for the West Nusa Tenggara West Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Barat) is a province in south-central Indonesia. It covers the western portion of the Lesser Sunda Islands, except for Bali. (NTB NTB Non-Tariff Barriers
NTB National Tire and Battery
NTB Norsk Telegrambyrå
NTB NASA Tech Briefs (NASA magazine/newsletter)
NTB No Turning Back (band)
NTB Nuclear Test Ban
NTB Not Too Bad ) system, and Rp1.2 trillion for North Sumatra North Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Utara) is a province of Indonesia. Its capital is Medan. Geography and population
The province of North Sumatra stretches across the island of Sumatra between the Indian Ocean and the Strait Malacca. system. There are still tenders for the procurement of cable networks for main electrical relay relay, electromechanical switch operated by a flow of electricity in one circuit and controlling the flow of electricity in another circuit. A relay consists basically of an electromagnet with a soft iron bar, called an armature, held close to it. stations.
The crash program is to be followed with a second phase which will include construction of coal-fired power plants to make up 26% of the total additional capacity, hydropower hy·dro·pow·er
Hydroelectric power. and geothermal power Geothermal power
Thermal or electrical power produced from the thermal energy contained in the Earth (geothermal energy). Use of geothermal energy is based thermodynamically on the temperature difference between a mass of subsurface rock and water and a mass plants to account for 60% and gas fired power plants for 14%.
Investment needed for the second phase is around US$ 17.3 billion including US$ 15 billion for power plants and the rest for transmission and distribution systems.
Demand for electric cables, therefore, will remain strong in the coming several years though slowdown is expected in 2009 as a result of the global financial crisis. In 2010, the electric cables demand is predicted to grow again not only in the country but also in export market such as in Middle East.
With production capacity at around 450,000 tons per year at present, more investment will be needed to build new factories or expand the capacity in the next five years.
* In the past five years, the country's electric cables industry has expanded fast and recovered form the 1998 monetary crisis. In 2008, cable production was estimated to reach 85% of the country's production capacity or 378,000 tons.
* The increase in production has been boosted by growing demand especially from PLN's project of 10,000 MW coal-fired power generating plants. Consumption of electric cables in 2007 rose to 227,000 tons in 2007 and to 295,000 tons in 2008.
* Indonesia has also succeeded in expanding market abroad. In the past five years exports surged from 66,000 tons in 2004 to 111,000 tons in 2007. The largest market has been Middle East, but the main buyer of automotive cables is Japan to which exports have also increased from year to year.
* Until mid 2008, demand for cables on the domestic and international markets continued to increase, but toward the end of that year there was a slowdown. Many large property projects abroad including in Middle East were shelved on funding problem. Demand for electric cables, therefore, declined.
* However, the market is expected to be normal again in 2010. Construction of property projects in the country and in Middle East is expected to brisk again.
* Based on the trend in the past four years and taking into account the impact of the global financial crisis, demand fro a cable in 2009 is forecast to rise only slightly from 295,000 tons in 2008 to 310,000 tons. Stronger demand is expected in 2010 and by 2012, domestic consumption of cables is forecast to reach 513,000 tons. Additional capacity of the country's cable industry will be needed to meet the requirement that year.
Table--1 Types of cables produced in Indonesia Electric cable XLPE XLPE XLPE PVC HV MV LV LV PT. Kabelindo Murni Tbk. X X X PT. GT Kabel Indonesia Tbk. X X X PT. Sucaco Tbk. X X X X PT. Terang Kita X X X X PT. Sumi Indo Kabel Tbk. X X X PT. Jembo Cable Company Tbk. X X X PT. Nikkatsu Electric Works PT. Cahaya Angkasa Abadi X PT. Sinar Merbabu X X PT. Voksel Electric Tbk. X X X PT. Ewindo X PT. Phenolic Prima Indonesia X PT. Puji Cahaya X PT. Kawat Mas Prakasa X PT. Furin Jaya X PT. Federal Mardhika Citramandiri X PT. Karya Kabel Taliarta X PT. Star Impactama Indah X X PT. Indoka Jaya X PT. Citra Mahasurya Industries X X PT. Magnakabel Nusantara X X PT. Olex Cables Indonesia PT. Anekakabel Ciptaguna X PT. Autocomp Systems Indonesia PT. Communication Cable Systems Ind. PT. Prysmian Cables Indonesia X X X X PT. Indowire Prima Industrindo PT. BICC Berca Cables X X X X PT. Prima Cable Indo X X PT. Aneka Kabel Elektrik X PT. Cetral Wire Industrial X X PT. Furukawa Supreme Optical Cable PT. Sutanto Arifchandra Electronic X Electric cable Cu Al Bare Bare Rod Rod Copper Alu Cond Cond PT. Kabelindo Murni Tbk. X X PT. GT Kabel Indonesia Tbk. X X X X PT. Sucaco Tbk. X X X X PT. Terang Kita X X X PT. Sumi Indo Kabel Tbk. X X X PT. Jembo Cable Company Tbk. X X X X PT. Nikkatsu Electric Works PT. Cahaya Angkasa Abadi X PT. Sinar Merbabu X X PT. Voksel Electric Tbk. X X X PT. Ewindo PT. Phenolic Prima Indonesia X X PT. Puji Cahaya PT. Kawat Mas Prakasa X PT. Furin Jaya X PT. Federal Mardhika Citramandiri PT. Karya Kabel Taliarta PT. Star Impactama Indah X PT. Indoka Jaya PT. Citra Mahasurya Industries X X PT. Magnakabel Nusantara X PT. Olex Cables Indonesia PT. Anekakabel Ciptaguna X X PT. Autocomp Systems Indonesia PT. Communication Cable Systems Ind. PT. Prysmian Cables Indonesia X X PT. Indowire Prima Industrindo PT. BICC Berca Cables X X PT. Prima Cable Indo X X X PT. Aneka Kabel Elektrik PT. Cetral Wire Industrial PT. Furukawa Supreme Optical Cable PT. Sutanto Arifchandra Electronic Enam Telecom Fiber Sp. -eled Others Cable Optic Cable Wire PT. Kabelindo Murni Tbk. X PT. GT Kabel Indonesia Tbk. X PT. Sucaco Tbk. X X X PT. Terang Kita X X PT. Sumi Indo Kabel Tbk. X X X PT. Jembo Cable Company Tbk. X X X PT. Nikkatsu Electric Works X PT. Cahaya Angkasa Abadi X PT. Sinar Merbabu PT. Voksel Electric Tbk. X X X X PT. Ewindo X X PT. Phenolic Prima Indonesia PT. Puji Cahaya PT. Kawat Mas Prakasa PT. Furin Jaya X PT. Federal Mardhika Citramandiri X PT. Karya Kabel Taliarta PT. Star Impactama Indah X PT. Indoka Jaya X PT. Citra Mahasurya Industries PT. Magnakabel Nusantara PT. Olex Cables Indonesia X PT. Anekakabel Ciptaguna PT. Autocomp Systems Indonesia X PT. Communication Cable Systems Ind. X PT. Prysmian Cables Indonesia X PT. Indowire Prima Industrindo X X PT. BICC Berca Cables X PT. Prima Cable Indo PT. Aneka Kabel Elektrik X PT. Cetral Wire Industrial PT. Furukawa Supreme Optical Cable X PT. Sutanto Arifchandra Electronic Source: APKABEL Table--2 Cable code names and materials Types of cable Code Cable With Copper Conductors N Standard Twisted Cable With Copper Conductor NF Cable With Aluminum Conductors NA Concentric Copper Wire Screening C Polyvinylchloride (PVC) Insulation Y Galvanized Flat Steel Wire Armour F Polyethylene (PE) Insulation 2Y Galvanized Round Steel or Aluminum Tape Amour R Cross Linked Polyethylene Insulation Gb Steel Tape 2X Helix (following F or R) Copper Tape Screening S Double Tape Steel or Aluminum Tape Amour B Concentric Copper Conductor Over Each Core CE Insulated CE XLPE Sheathed Cable PE Standard Twisted Cable re Circular NFA Source: PT Sucaco Table--3 Types of electric and telecommunication cable produced by Sucaco Types of cable Electric Cable Low voltage Medium voltage High Voltage Type BCC--H NF C34- N2XK2Y/NA2XK2Y N2XK2Y/NA2XK2Y 110, BCC-Hard 150 KV 150 KV SPLN 41-5:81, BCC Hard ASTM B8:1995 BCC Soft Mfg BCC Soft SPLN, BCC Soft Man Spec BCC 1/2 Hard SPLN 41-4:84 BCC-H ASTM B8:1995 Cable Rated Voltage: IEC 840 specification 1, 8/3 kv up to 18/30 kv Cable content Bare Copper SPLN 43-5/IEC Copper / Conductor Half 502 Single Core Aluminum Hard Or Hard Power Cable, conductor, XLPE Used For Copper Or Insulated, Lead Overhead Aluminum sheathed, PE Transmission & Conductor, XLPE Sheathed Cable Distribution Insulated, With Or Without water BlockingTape, Copper wire or Copper Tape Screened, PVC Sheathed. Used for Distribution, Indoor and outdoor Installation in Conduit Troughs or trays or in the ground where not sustain mechanical damage Telecommunication Cable type Cable Cable content Cable specification R-V (Pe)V INDOOR SCREEN Copper CABLES Conductor, PVC SII 0710 insulated, Aluminum tape screened, PVC sheathed. Used for indoor installation and telephone. Source: Sucaco Table--4 Indonesia National Standard (SNI) for electric cables No Standard Title Remarks 1 SNI 04-2697-1992 XPLE for isolation of Min. decision electric cable with voltage 407/M/SK/10/1980 of 1 kV to 30 kV 2 SNI 04-2698-1999 PVC isolated wire, voltage of 450/750 Volt (NYA) 3 SNI 04-2699-1999 Isolated cable and sheathed with PVC with voltage of 0.6 volt (NYM) 4 SNI 04-2700-1999 Isolated ground cable and sheathed with PVC protected with steel wire or aluminum 0.6/1 kV (NYFGbY/NAYFGbY/ NYRGbY/NYRY/NA YRY) 5 SNI 04-2701-1999 Isolated ground cable and sheathed with PVC with voltage of 0.6/1 kV (NYY/NAYY) 6 SNI 04-6122-1999 Isolated ground cable and sheathed with PVC protected with steel or aluminum wires with voltage of 0,6/1 Kv (NYBY/NAYBY) 7 SNI 04-3234-1992 Flexible cable isolated and Min. decision sheathed with PVC with 74/M/SK/2/1988 voltage of 500 V (NYMHY) 8 SNI 04-3235-1992 Flexible cable isolated and sheathed with PVC with nominal voltage of 500 V (NYMHY Oval) 9 SNI 04-3236-1992 Flexible wire isolated with PVC nominal voltage of 1000 V (NYAF) 10 SNI 04-3237-1992 Flexible cable twins and triplets isolated with PVC for working voltage of up to 380 V (NYY/NYD) 11 SNI 04-3238-1992 Flexible cable twins to triplets to quintuplets isolated, sheathed with PVC with nominal voltage of 380 V (NYIFY) Table--5 Indonesia's cable production capacity, 2006 Production capacity Types of cable (ton/year) * Telecommunication Cable 132,900 * Power Cable 258,650 * Special Cable 43,150 * Enameled Wire 8,800 TOTAL 445,090 Source: Apkabel Table--6 Indonesia's main cable makers Production capacity Companies Status (ton/year) Investment PT. WALSIN LIPPO INDUSTRIES PMA (*) 38,500 US$ 134,211,391 PT. TERANG KITA PMDN (*) 38,000 Rp. 22,794,000,000 PT. SUMI INDO KABEL Tbk. PMA 36,000 Rp. 321,000,000,000 PT. KMI WIRES AND CABLES PMDN 29,750 Rp. 162,193,790,000 (Formerly PT GT KABEL INDONESIA) TBK PT. SUPREME CABLE PMDN 25,200 Rp. 205,583,400,000 MANUFACTURING CORPORATION TBK PT. KABELINDO MURNI TBK PMDN 23,500 Rp. 20,000,000,000 PT. PULUNG COPPER WORKS PMDN 21,840 Rp. 2,100,860,000 PT. VOKSEL ELECTRIC TBK PMA 18,150 Rp. 250,000,000,000 PT. SHIKING INDONESIA PMA 18,000 US$ 11,750,000 PT. ANEKA KABEL CIPTAGUNA PMDN 17,280 Rp. 12,588,000,000 PT PRYSMIAN CABLE INDONESIA PMA 15,200 US$ 67,300,000 (Formerly PT. PIRELLI CABEL INDUSTRI) PT. JEMBO CABLE COMPANY TBK PMDN 15,195 Rp. 34,627,000,000 PT. BICC BERCA CABLES PMA 10,000 US$ 35,198,000 PT. JAYAKO MURNI ABADI Non 8,400 Rp. 5,330,000,000 Facility PT. CITRA MAHA SURYA PMDN 7,800 Rp. 25,000,000,000 INDUSTRY (*) PMA = Foreign Investment Company PMDN = Domestic Investment Company Source: Data Consult, Apkabel, BKPM. Industry Ministry Table--7 Indonesia's cable production, 2004-2008 Production Growth Year (ton) (%) 2004 111.3 2005 133.5 20 2006 178.0 33 2007 289.3 63 2008 (*) 378.3 31 Average growth (%) 37 Note: (*) provisional figure Source: Data Consult/ICN Table--8 Financial performance of main cable makers, 2006-2008 Total Income Name of company (Rp million) 2006 2007 2008 (*) KMI Wire and Cable Tbk, PT 1,130,748 1,280,446 796,860 Supreme Cable Tbk, PT 1,483,069 2,281,701 1,157,807 Jembo Cable Company Tbk, PT 448,021 735,589 484,008 Kabelindo Murni Tbk, PT 285,472 499,480 263,153 Voksel Electric Tbk, PT 919,537 1,358,648 1,019,761 Sumi Indokabel Tbk, PT 1,914,345 1,590,455 835,237 6,183,198 7,748,326 4,556,826 Name of company Net Profit 2006 2007 2008 (*) KMI Wire and Cable Tbk, PT 50,382 25,635 30,968 Supreme Cable Tbk, PT 51,643 54,209 14,399 Jembo Cable Company Tbk, PT 593 22,922 12,752 Kabelindo Murni Tbk, PT 7,270 12,585 2,739 Voksel Electric Tbk, PT 35,597 53,701 39,544 Sumi Indokabel Tbk, PT 55,374 77,467 30,346 202,865 248,526 130,748 Source: Indonesia Stock Exchange Note: (*) per June 2008 Table--9 Indonesia's exports of cables 2004-2007 Year Volume Value Growth Growth (Tons) (%) 000 US$ (%) 2004 66,625 287,701 2005 77,339 16.08 505,872 75.80 2006 87,178 12.72 735,813 45.45 2007 111,619 28.03 917,774 24.72 Source: BPS Table--10 Exports of cables by types, 2004-2007 Tons/000'US$ HS Description 2004 2005 2006 2007 8544.11.0010 Winding wire of copper, laquered/ enamelled 355 2,731 8544.11.0020 Winding wire of copper, cover with paper textile material/pvc 14,719 70,262 8544.11.0030 Winding wire of copper, laquer/ enamelled & cover with paper, textile material/pvc 165 1,404 8544.11.0040 Winding wire of copper, rect cross-sect. and without connectors 10 617 8544.11.0090 Other winding wire of copper 70 966 8544.11.110 Rectangular winding wire of copper 233 1,269 1,288 7,610 8544.11.190 Winding wire of copper in other forms 96 -- 1,187 -- 8544.11.200 Winding wire of copper covered with Textile 57 4,675 5,040 179 14,372 23,118 8544.11.300 Winding wire of copper insulated with PVC 830 290 27 1,235 868 207 8544.11.4000 Winding wire of copper of oth, rectang. Cross-section & without connector 1 1 8 3 8544.11.9000 Winding wire of copper of oth 7,384 7,898 17,583 19,210 8544.11.910 Rectangular winding wire of other, cover with paper 600 1,598 8544.11.990 Other winding wire 9,030 20,654 8544.19.1000 Winding Wire not of copper of laquered/ enameled 69 107 389 492 8544.19.2000 Inding wire not of copper of manganese resistance wire 1 1 2 2 8544.19.300 Manganese resistance wire 1 1 8544.19.900 Winding wire of other than copper of other type 63 25 961 241 573 166 6,137 1,792 8544.20.100 Co-axial cable fitted with connectors 10,376 5,901 12,105 5,220 116,701 85,131 157,107 92,566 8544.20.2000 Insult cables cot fitted with conec., fo ra voltage <= 66.000 volts 182 446 91 939 1,973 626 8544.20.210 Co-axial cable not fitted with Connectors insulated with PVC 246 1,245 8544.20.290 Other co-axial cable not fitted with Connectors 23 123 8544.20.3000 Insul. cables not fitted with connec., fo ra voltage > 66.000 volt 1 21 1 2 208 2 8544.20.4000 Insulated cables not fitted with connectors, for a voltage > 66.000 volt 26 88 8544.30.1000 Wiring harnesses for motor vehicles 10,534 14,799 20,831 134,831 200,303 338,094 8544.30.9000 Wiring harnesses for aircraft/ship 4,522 2,406 2,356 52,803 38,644 32,096 8544.41.000 Elect. Conductor for a voltage < 80 V fitted with connector 861 3,869 8544.41.1100 Telephone cables, submarine fitted with conectors 7 182 516 1,637 8544.41.1200 Telephone cables, oth than submarine fitted with conectors 142 1,207 658 5,133 8544.41.1500 Oth plastic insulated electric cable having cross sect <= 30mm fitt w co 1 16 8544.41.1900 Oth elec. conduc o than 8544.41.11-15 fitted with connectors 666 58 1,556 620 8544.41.9100 Plastic insul. Electric cable having cross section <= 30mm fitt w co 3 14 148 495 8544.41.9300 Plastic insulated electric conductors fitted connectors 2 54 8544.41.9400 Controlling cables fitted with connectors 1 18 8544.41.9900 oth electris conductor oth than 8544.41.91-95 fitted connectors 233 158 10,247 2,962 8544.42.1100 Telephone, telegraph, radio relay cable submarine, for communication, <= 8V 55 2,224 8544.42.1900 Other fitted with connectors for telecommunication, voltage <= 8V 401 1,620 8544.42.2000 Fitted with connectors for telecommunication voltage > 8V& <= 1V 12 28 8544.42.9000 Oth fitted with conector, for voltage <= 1 volts 1,908 14,794 8544.49.1100 Elect. Conductor for a voltage < 80 V insulated with PVC 2,209 585 868 235 17,506 9,180 19,385 8,224 8544.49.1200 Telep. teleg & radio relay cables, oth than submarine not fitt with 89 74 264 314 8544.49.1900 Other cable for electrical conductor for a voltage < 80 V 433 482 147 823 4,861 10,178 5,395 12,715 8544.49.2100 Shielded wire for mnfact. Of autowiring harnesses, not for communication, <= 8V 1,967 16,543 8544.49.2900 Oth fitted with connectors, <= 80V, not for used for telecommunications 213 4,442 8544.49.3100 Telephone, telegraph, radio relay cable submarine, for communication, > 8V & <= 1V 2 14 8544.49.3900 Oth fitted with connectors for telecommunication, voltage > 8V and < 1V 25,277 158,756 8544.49.4000 Other fitted with connectors, > 80V & <= 1V of a kind not used for telecom 115 4,030 8544.49.910 Other elect. Conductor for voltage < 80 V insulated with PVC 1 66 81 37 408 614 8544.49.9500 Shielded wire of kind used in the mfd of auto wiring harns not fit w 1 2 8544.49.990 Other electric conductor < 80 V insulated with other materials 172 2,966 2,299 1,043 20,728 22,786 8544.51.000 Elect. Conductor of 80 V < Volt < 1000 V with fitted connectors 11,330 34,082 8544.51.1100 Teleph. teleg & radio relay cables, submarine fitted with connec for 80v < volt < 1,390 497 4,501 2,419 8544.51.1200 Teleph, telegrap & radio relay cables, oth than submarine fit w conn for 80 V < V 174 466 8544.51.1900 oth elec conduc oth than 8544.51.11-12 fitt with connec for 80 V < V 484 8 2,232 62 8544.51.9100 Plastic insult. Elec. Cable having a cross sec <= 300mm fitt w conn for 80V < V = 1000V 3,865 3,477 12,587 14,696 8544.51.9200 Plastic insul. Elec. Cable having a cross sec > 300 mm fitt w conn for 80 V < V < 5 16 13 63 8544.51.9400 Controlling cables fitted with connectors for 80V < Voltage <= 1,000V 1 1 8544.51.9900 Oth elec conduc o than 8544.51.91-94 fitted with connec for 80V < Volt <= 482 850 3,718 22,860 8544.59.110 Elect. Conductor of 80 V < Volt < 1000 V insulated with PVC 220 156 5,700 429 449 25,646 8544.59.1200 Telp. Teleg. & rad relay cab, o. thn submarine not fitted with conn for 80 V < V < 125 995 385 6,625 8544.59.190 Other cable for electric conductor of 80 V < Volt < 1000 V 19,973 23,539 18,237 54,298 87,282 111,787 8544.59.910 Other electric conductor of 80 V < Volt < 1000 V insulated with PVC 119 277 8544.59.9200 Plastic insulated elec. Cable having cross sec > 300 mm & 80V < Voltage <= 1000 14 55 8544.59.9400 Controlling cables not fitted with connectors for 80V < Voltage <= 1000V 1 4 8544.59.990 Other elect. Conductor 80V < Volt < 1000V 1,090 1,286 806 3,510 3,995 3,800 8544.60.000 Other electric conductors, for a voltage exceeding 1000 V 7,593 33,056 17,017 130,103 8544.60.1100 Plastic insulated elec. Cable having cross sec <= 400 mm for 1 KV < Volt <= 36 K 5,134 6,829 18,689 34,708 8544.60.1900 Plastic insulated elec. Cable having cross sec < 400 mm for 1 KV < Volt <= 36 K 8 1 25 13 8544.60.2100 Plastic insulated elec. Cable having cross sec <= 4mm for 36 KV < volt <= 66KV 94 114 8544.60.2900 Plastic insulated elec. Cable having cross sec > 400 mm for Voltage > 66 K 1 773 3 3,752 8544.60.3000 Other electric conductors, for a voltage > 66 KV 135 700 8544.60.3900 Plastic insulated elec. Cable having cross sec > 400 mm for Voltage > 66 K 1 1 8544.60.9200 Teleph, Telegraph, Radio relay cables, oth than submarine for voltage > 1KV 347 1,810 8544.60.9900 Oth electric conductors oth than 8544.60.91-92 for voltage > 1 Kv 53 1 106 1 8544.70.000 Optical Fibre Cables 1,269 5,988 8544.70.1000 Optical Fibre Cables Teleph, telegraph & Radio relay Cables, oth than submarine 114 59 22 473 859 207 8544.70.2000 Optical Fibre Cables Teleph, telegraph & Radio relay Cables submarine 265 281 1,658 2,463 8544.70.2000 Optical Fibre Cables Teleph, telegraph & Radio relay Cables submarine 265 281 1,658 2,463 8544.70.9000 Oth Optical Fibre Cables 149 142 2471 631 1,090 18,350 TOTAL 66,625 77,339 87,178 111,619 287,701 505,872 735,813 917,774 Source: BPS Tabel--11 Imports of cable, 2004-2007 Volume Value Year (Tons) (000 US$) 2004 20,772 83,428 2005 (*) 27,580 132,600 2006 35,830 179,575 2007 50,003 222,186 Note: (*) Revised Source: BPS, Data Consult/ICN Table--12 Domestic consumption of cables, 2004-2007 Production Imports Exports Market Size 111,3 20,7 66,6 65,4 133,5 27,6 77,3 83,8 178,0 35,8 87,1 126,7 289,3 50,0 111,6 227,7 Source: Data Consult/ICN Table--13 Projected consumption of cables, 2008-2009 Projected consumption Year ('000 tons) 2008 (*) 295 2009 310 2010 356 2011 427 2012 513 Note: (*) forecast