Designers in Africa birth of new boom industry: Africa is brimming with design talent and expertise. Many African-designed products have been international hits and more are on the way. Fayruz Hamed looks at some of the strides made to date.
Africans, we've always known, are some of the most innovative people in the world - but not many know that African talent in invention and design can be breathtaking.
For example, take South African Colin Vale, who developed a paraffin paraffin, white, more-or-less translucent, odorless, tasteless, waxy solid. It melts between 47°C; and 65°C; and is insoluble in water but soluble in ether, benzene, and certain esters. stove that extinguishes itself when knocked over, reducing the chance of shack fires. Or Malawian William Kamkwamba, who created a wind turbine from scrap and bicycle parts Bicycle parts include:
Simple, inexpensive design solutions have proved both functional and transformational in Africa. But design does not begin and end with pragmatic innovations.
Consider, too, the Africans who have been making waves in design circles all over the world: Tanzanian-born architect David Adjaye David Adjaye OBE (born 1966) is a British architect.
David Adjaye was born in Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania, where his father was a Ghanaian diplomat. He trained with David Chipperfield Architects and Eduardo Souto De Moura Architects, and graduated in 1993 from the Royal College , for one, and South African fashion designers Gavin Rajah and Nkhensani Nkhosi. In truth, design - from humble solutions to great, visionary projects - is big business. The design economy has been growing worldwide, economic recession notwithstanding, and Africa is set to apply itself in terms of developing a creative design culture.
The challenges are great, of course. Africa cannot compete on a global scale in terms of product output and trade limitations mean that export is often restricted or simply not viable. But there has never been a better time for Africa to take advantage of new technology and the support of educational institutions.
To become truly competitive though, the continent must do things in its own way, with its own brand of excellence and innovation. Africans can grasp the best of design worldwide, as well as the best the continent has to offer and transform it into something new, compelling, beautiful and sustainable.
Small pockets of success show that African design development has reached the point at which it can play a very real role in addressing poverty and unemployment throughout the continent.
From craft initiatives in rural villages to multi-disciplinary industrial projects that boast global collaboration, design can boost a nation's GDP GDP (guanosine diphosphate): see guanine. .
There is little doubt that South Africa South Africa, Afrikaans Suid-Afrika, officially Republic of South Africa, republic (2005 est. pop. 44,344,000), 471,442 sq mi (1,221,037 sq km), S Africa. is at the hub of African design initiatives. "South Africa leads the way in promoting design across Africa and within South Africa. Other countries can learn from South Africa," says Dr Richie Moalosi, a lecturer in industrial design at the University of Botswana The University of Botswana, or UB was established in 1982 as the first institution of Higher Education in Botswana. The university has a total of four campuses: two in the capital city Gaborone, one in Francistown, and another in Maun. .
"In Botswana, the government has recently set up the Botswana Innovation Hub of Design, which will play a very important part in promoting design," he says.
Moalosi believes that innovation is crucial to helping Africa's small and medium micro enterprises (SMMEs) to stay ahead of local and global competition. "If governments can help SMMEs to register their designs, intellectual property rights owners will reap rewards from their innovations," he says.
Key growth area
Former South African president Thabo Mbeki Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki (born June 18 1942) is the current President of the Republic of South Africa.<ref name="gcis-profile2004" /> Early years
Born and raised in what is now the Eastern Cape province of South Africa, Mbeki is the son of Govan Mbeki (1910 named the creative industry as one of the key growth areas in South Africa -and he also underlined a crucial factor in terms of the success of creative projects: government buy-in. Without the support of governments, many design projects will never reach fruition fru·i·tion
1. Realization of something desired or worked for; accomplishment: labor finally coming to fruition.
2. Enjoyment derived from use or possession.
Then again, as Ravi Naidoo, founder of the Design Indaba in·da·ba
A council or meeting of indigenous peoples of southern Africa to discuss an important matter.
[Zulu ín-dàbà, affair, topic for discussion, conference : ín-, n. pref. conference in South Africa, has pointed out, governments cannot do it alone. Collaboration is key.
Success stories have inevitably involved political will, private sector initiative and innovative individuals working together to create bright design solutions in Africa for Africa. Take craft workers, for example, whose traditional art and handicrafts can support whole families. South Africa's Department of Trade and Industry The Department of Trade and Industry was a United Kingdom government department which was disbanded with the announcement of the creation of the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform on 28 June 2007. has pointed out that the country's sub-craft sector contributes about R2bn ($200m) or 0.14% to the country's GDP each year.
The craft sector empowers rural women. It can contribute $500m and 20,000 more jobs by 2015 if given the necessary financial backing. South Africa's handicraft handicraft: see arts and crafts. sector has gained a sophistication so·phis·ti·cate
v. so·phis·ti·cat·ed, so·phis·ti·cat·ing, so·phis·ti·cates
1. To cause to become less natural, especially to make less naive and more worldly.
2. that is now gaining currency abroad, which can only be good news.
The South African Bureau of Standards Bureau of Standards
since 1988 U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce responsible for the standardization of weights and measures, timekeeping, and navigation. agrees that design is one of the most important tools for competitiveness in the new economy. Functional and well-designed products will be globally competitive, while moving South African exports up the value chain and drive economic growth.
Raw commodities like platinum can be used to create award-winning jewellery. On the recycling front, recycled bottle tops and bath-plug chains can be used to make mats or chandeliers - and become hot property in the process. It is all about transformation, which lends sustainability to design initiatives.
While government and private sector initiatives exist, there are two ways to showcase the creativity on the continent. One is to recognise design excellence in Africa, such as the Design for Development Awards that look at innovative products designed and developed on the African continent.
The other is to promote more exhibitions that showcase what Africa is capable of. One strong example of this is Design Indaba Expo, now in its fifth year.
Adrienne Viljoen, manager of the SABS SABS South African Bureau of Standards
SABS Subscriber Administration and Billing System
SABS Soiuz aktivnoi bor’bys samoderzhaviem Design Institute and originator of the Design for Development Initiative, feels that design is making strides onthe continent.
"The concept of designing for development is now so embedded Inserted into. See embedded system. in the South African designer mind that products which would have been selected previously for the Design for Development Awards are now part and parcel of our Design Excellence Award entries and winners," she explains.
In October 2008, a total of 14 of South Africa's top product designs were recognised with Design Excellence Awards, proving that industrial design has achieved a level of sophistication and distinction in South Africa that should be emulated.