Printer Friendly
The Free Library
22,741,889 articles and books

Death rates high among South Dakota's children and teens.



Almost three out of every ten South Dakota South Dakota (dəkō`tə), state in the N central United States. It is bordered by North Dakota (N), Minnesota and Iowa (E), Nebraska (S), and Wyoming and Montana (W).  residents are age 1-19. Of these 215,872 South Dakota youth, 51,720 are under age five; 49,801 are ages five to nine; 54,353 are ages 10-14; and 59,998 are ages 15-19. A leading cause of unintentional death for these age cohorts in South Dakota is automobile automobile, self-propelled vehicle used for travel on land. The term is commonly applied to a four-wheeled vehicle designed to carry two to six passengers and a limited amount of cargo, as contrasted with a truck, which is designed primarily for the transportation of  crashes.

According to according to
prep.
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.

2. In keeping with: according to instructions.

3.
 data from the Annie E. Casey Foundation According to their website, "the Annie E. Casey Foundation has worked to build better futures for disadvantaged children and their families in the United States." The foundation is a regular contributor to public broadcasting, including National Public Radio. , about two South Dakota children or youth died every week in 2003. There were 54 child deaths, ages one through fourteen, and 50 teen deaths, ages 15 through 19. South Dakota's ranking relative to other states from the most recent National Data Book (2006) are among the worst (48th in child death; 38th in teen death) in the nation. This means children (ages 1-4) in every other state, except two, are considered safer. For teens (ages 15-19), 37 other states are considered safer in the area of teen deaths.

This paper will review child and teen death data from the recently released 2006 KIDS COUNT Data Book by The Annie E. Casey Foundation. It will also review South Dakota Department of Health's data for child and teen deaths.

KIDS COUNT, a project of the Annie E. Casey Foundation, is intended to track the progress of children throughout the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. . At the national level, one of the principal activities of the KIDS COUNT program is the publication of the annual "KIDS COUNT Data Book: State Profiles of Child Well-Being," which reports on ten leading indicators Leading Indicator

A measurable economic factor that changes before the economy starts to follow a particular pattern or trend. Leading indicators are used to predict changes in the economy, but are not always accurate.
 of child well-being in every state.

In South Dakota, the KIDS COUNT project is a statewide collaborative col·lab·o·rate  
intr.v. col·lab·o·rat·ed, col·lab·o·rat·ing, col·lab·o·rates
1. To work together, especially in a joint intellectual effort.

2.
 effort bringing together a wide range of organizations including businesses, nonprofits, and government agencies interested in or involved with children and families. South Dakota KIDS COUNT (http://www.sdkidscount.org See .org.

(networking) org - The top-level domain for organisations or individuals that don't fit any other top-level domain (national, com, edu, or gov). Though many have .org domains, it was never intended to be limited to non-profit organisations.

RFC 1591.
) is based in the Business Research Bureau, School of Business at The University of South Dakota Nomenclature
  • The abbreviation USD is the most widely used title of the school. (The University of San Diego also employs the same abbreviation.)
  • It is also often referred to as "the U" by locals.
  • "usd" is used only in Internet domain names.
 (http://www.usd.edu/brbinfo).

The KIDS COUNT National Data Book: State Profiles of Child Well-Being, is published each year by the Annie E. Casey Foundation (http://www.aecf.org). In its publication, all fifty states are ranked from best to worst. The 2006 National Data Book, based on 2003/2004 data, ranked South Dakota 14th (of 50 states; 1st being best, 50th being worst) in child well-being.

The national composite composite, alternate common name for Asteraceae or Compositae, the aster family.

composite - aggregate
 rank for each state is obtained by converting the numerical numerical

expressed in numbers, i.e. Arabic numerals of 0 to 9 inclusive.


numerical nomenclature
a numerical code is used to indicate the words, or other alphabetical signals, intended.
 values for each of the ten key indicators into standard scores. The standard scores are summed to create a total standard score for each of the 50 states. The states are ranked on the basis of their total standard score in sequential One after the other in some consecutive order such as by name or number.  order from highest/best (1) to lowest/worst (50). Standard scores were derived de·rive  
v. de·rived, de·riv·ing, de·rives

v.tr.
1. To obtain or receive from a source.

2.
 by subtracting the mean score from the observed ob·serve  
v. ob·served, ob·serv·ing, ob·serves

v.tr.
1. To be or become aware of, especially through careful and directed attention; notice.

2.
 score and dividing the amount by the standard deviation In statistics, the average amount a number varies from the average number in a series of numbers.

(statistics) standard deviation - (SD) A measure of the range of values in a set of numbers.
 for that distribution of scores. All measures were given the same weight in calculating the total standard score. In other words Adv. 1. in other words - otherwise stated; "in other words, we are broke"
put differently
, no attempt was made to judge the relative importance of each indicator Indicator

Anything used to predict future financial or economic trends.

Notes:
In the context of technical analysis, an indicator is a mathematical calculation based on a securities price and/or volume. The result is used to predict future prices.
.

The national indicators include:

* Percent low birth weight babies (less than 2,500 grams)

* Infant mortality (hardware) infant mortality - It is common lore among hackers (and in the electronics industry at large) that the chances of sudden hardware failure drop off exponentially with a machine's time since first use (that is, until the relatively distant time at which enough mechanical  (rate per 1,000 live births)

* Child death rate (children ages 1-14), deaths per 100,000

* Teen death rate (teens ages 15-19) deaths per 100,000

* Teen birth rate (births per 1,000 females ages 15-19)

* Percent of teens who are high school dropouts (ages 16-19)

* Percent of teens not attending school and not working (ages 16-19)

* Percent of children living in families where no parent has full-time full-time
adj.
Employed for or involving a standard number of hours of working time: a full-time administrative assistant.



full
, year-round employment

* Percent of children in poverty

* Percent of children in single-parent families single-parent family Social medicine A family unit with a mother or father and unmarried children. See Father 'factor.', Latchkey children, Quality time, Supermom. Cf Extended family, Nuclear family, Two parent advantage. .

Child and Teen Death Rates in South Dakota

In South Dakota, two indicators, child death rate and teen death rate are consistently ranked among the worst in the nation. According to the 2006 Kids Count National Data Book, the above table shows the following rankings for South Dakota on these two indicators.

Except for one year (2001 Teen Death Rate), South Dakota ranked in the bottom third of all the states. There is no simple answer to these high death rates. The South Dakota KIDS COUNT project will look in depth at the data to help explain why the state has a higher rate than other states. This analysis will look at South Dakota compared to the U.S. and adjacent states. Data from the South Dakota Department of Health will be used to help understand the causes of deaths to children and teens.

Child Deaths

Child deaths are the number of deaths from all causes per 100,000 children ages 1-14 years. The rate is a reflection of the physical, mental and emotional health of children. Accidents are the number one cause of child deaths in each age category (1-4 and 5-14) in South Dakota. The second leading cause of death is either congenital anomalies congenital anomaly
n.
See birth defect.
 or malignant malignant /ma·lig·nant/ (-nant)
1. tending to become worse and end in death.

2. having the properties of anaplasia, invasiveness, and metastasis; said of tumors.
 neoplasms.

The chart at the top of the page shows accidents further broken out between automobile crashes and other accidents. The percentage of automobile crashes to all accidents is 74% for 2001; 75% for 2002; 66% for 2003; and 47% for 2004.

Based on data from the 2006 National Data Book, South Dakota was above the national child death rate.

When compared to adjacent states, South Dakota's child death rate was better than only one state, Wyoming Wyoming, city, United States
Wyoming, city (1990 pop. 63,891), Kent co., W Mich., in the greater Grand Rapids metropolitan area, on the Grand River; settled 1832, inc. 1959.
.

Teen Deaths *

This indicator is deaths from all causes to teens between ages 15-19 per 100,000 teens. As with child deaths, motor vehicle crashes make up the highest percentage of teen violent deaths. Based on data from the 2006 Kids Count Data Book, South Dakota is worse in teen death rate, except for the year 2001.

When compared to adjacent states, South Dakota's teen death rate was lower than three states and exceeded the rate for the nation and three adjacent states in 2003.

The South Dakota Department of Health's Vital Statistics book shows the leading cause of death for ages 15-19 is accidents followed by intentional in·ten·tion·al  
adj.
1. Done deliberately; intended: an intentional slight. See Synonyms at voluntary.

2. Having to do with intention.
 self-harm.

The chart at the top of the next page shows accidents further broken out between automobile crashes and other accidents. The percentage of automobile crashes to all accidents is 90% for 2001; 87% for 2002; 76% for 2003; and 86% for 2004.

Improving Child and Teen Deaths

Child Deaths

The child death rate is the number of deaths per 100,000 children ages 1 to 14, for all causes. Unintentional injuries unintentional injury Accidental injury Public health Any injury caused by an accident. See Injury.  such as motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among this age group. It is estimated that approximately ap·prox·i·mate  
adj.
1. Almost exact or correct: the approximate time of the accident.

2.
 90 percent of such injuries are preventable.

In 2003, there were 36 child deaths per 100,000 children in South Dakota, a total of 54 deaths. Compared to other states, South Dakota ranked 48th in the nation. New Hampshire New Hampshire, one of the New England states of the NE United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts (S), Vermont, with the Connecticut R. forming the boundary (W), the Canadian province of Quebec (NW), and Maine and a short strip of the Atlantic Ocean (E).  ranked first in the nation with a rate of 12 per 100,000. The best neighboring neigh·bor  
n.
1. One who lives near or next to another.

2. A person, place, or thing adjacent to or located near another.

3. A fellow human.

4. Used as a form of familiar address.

v.
 state was Minnesota Minnesota, state, United States
Minnesota (mĭn'ĭsō`tə), upper midwestern state of the United States. It is bordered by Lake Superior and Wisconsin (E), Iowa (S), South Dakota and North Dakota (W), and the Canadian provinces
, whose rate of 18 per 100,000 resulted in a rank of 9th.

For South Dakota to rank number one in the nation, we would need to reduce child deaths by 36. To improve by ten percent, South Dakota would need to reduce child deaths by 6.

Teen Deaths

The rate of teen deaths is the number of deaths from all causes per 100,000 teenagers between ages 15 and 19. In South Dakota, the leading cause of teen violent death is motor vehicle crashes. Based on miles driven, teenage drivers are involved in three times as many fatal crashes as are all drivers.

In 2003, there were 50 teen deaths in South Dakota, which is a rate of 82 deaths per 100,000 teens. Compared to other states, South Dakota ranked 48th in the nation. Connecticut Connecticut, state, United States
Connecticut (kənĕt`ĭkət), southernmost of the New England states of the NE United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts (N), Rhode Island (E), Long Island Sound (S), and New York (W).
 ranked first in the nation with a rate of 40 per 100,000. The best neighboring state was Iowa whose rate of 58 per 100,000 resulted in a rank of 13th.

For South Dakota to rank number one in the nation, we would need to reduce teen deaths by 26. To improve by ten percent, South Dakota would need to reduce teen deaths by 5.

Summary

This article has examined child and teen deaths in South Dakota. National data from the recently released KIDS COUNT National Data Book from the Annie E. Casey Foundation was reviewed along with South Dakota Department of Health data. It was found that the death rates of South Dakota children and teens have been above the national average for a number of years. Automobile crashes have been a major cause of South Dakota's poor record on child and teen deaths.

There are no simple answers to high child and teen death rates. Nothing can adequately compensate a community for the loss of a child or a teen--to their parents and families, to classmates Classmates can refer to either:
  • Classmates.com, a social networking website.
  • Classmates (film), a 2006 Malayalam blockbuster directed by Lal Jose, starring Prithviraj, Jayasurya, Indragith, Sunil, Jagathy, Kavya Madhavan, Balachandra Menon, ...
 and peers, or to the social fabric of small rural towns. South Dakota averages a loss of around 50 children and 50 teens each year. That means that since 1993 when KIDS COUNT first published a state factbook, about 1,300 children and teens have died from various causes. The majority have been from automobile crashes. If half the child and teen deaths in the past 13 years have been from automobile crashes, that means about 650 children and teens have died in automobile crashes; about the size of the town of Newell, South Dakota Newell is a city in Butte County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 646 at the 2000 census. Geography
Newell is located at  (44.716261, -103.423094)GR1.
.

In order to decrease child and teen deaths from automobile crashes we need to determine the major factors leading to the crashes. Are crashes related to speed, alcohol, not using seatbelts, limited driving experience, distraction Distraction
Divination (See OMEN.)

Porlock

a “person from Porlock” interrupted Coleridge while he was recollecting the dream on which he based “Kubla Khan”. [Br. Lit.: Poems of Coleridge in Magill IV, 756]
 while driving, or a combination of all of these? Improving South Dakota's child and teen death rates will require a closer review of all of these issues. That review can begin in local communities, by working with their children, teens and schools. Law enforcement, health care, civic and business groups can also play a part in identifying ways to reduce automobile crashes and then take the necessary steps to implement those changes.

* In 2005 The Annie E. Casey Foundation changed the way this indicator was measured. In previous years, the Years, The

the seven decades of Eleanor Pargiter’s life. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 1109]

See : Time
 indicator measured teen violent deaths from accidents, homicides, and suicides It may never be fully completed or, depending on its its nature, it may be that it can never be completed. However, new and revised entries in the list are always welcome.

See also: List of famous deaths by accidental drug overdose
. Data now reflect teen deaths (ages 15-19) from all causes.

About the author:

carole cochran is Program Director for the South Dakota Kids Count Program, located at the School of Business. The University of South Dakota. Vermillion, South Dakota Vermillion is a city in the southeast corner of South Dakota, USA, and the tenth largest city in the state. Vermillion lies atop a bluff on the Missouri River.

French fur traders first visited in the late 1700s, and Vermillion was founded in 1859 and incorporated in 1873.
. South Dakota Kids Count began in 1993. You can access Kids Count information at http://www.sdkidscount.org
South Dakota                      2000   2001   2002   2003

Child Deaths (based on deaths
per 100,000 children ages 1-14)   49th   47th   47th   48th

Teen death rate (based on         35th   24th   42th   38th
deaths per 100,000 teens ages
15-19)

Source: 2006 KIDS COUNT Databook. State Profiles of Child Well-Being.
Annie E. Casey Foundation.

South Dakota Residents Age 1-14 Leading Causes of Death, 2001-2004

2001         #1 Leading Cause   #2 Leading Cause    #3 Leading Cause
             of Death           of Death            of Death

14 years     Accidents (5)      Congenital          *
                                Anomalies (3)
5-14 years   Accidents (22)     Congenital          *
                                Anomalies (3)

2002         #1 Leading Cause   #2 Leading Cause    #3 Leading Cause
             of Death           of Death            of Death

1-4 years    Accidents (5)      Congenital          Assault (homicide)
                                Anomalies (3)       (3)
5-14 years   Accidents (15)     Malignant           Intentional
                                neoplasms           self-harm
                                (cancer) (4)        (Suicide) (3)

2003         #1 Leading Cause   #2 Leading Cause    #3 Leading Cause
             of Death           of Death            of Death

14 years     Accidents (14)     Congenital          Assault (homicide)
                                Anomalies (3)       (3)
5-14 years   Accidents (15)     Malignant           Septicemia (3)
                                Neoplasm (cancer)
                                (5)

2004         #1 Leading Cause   #2 Leading Cause    #3 Leading Cause
             of Death           of Death            of Death

1-4 years    Accidents (12)     *                   *
5-14 years   Accidents (22)     Malignant           *
                                Neoplasm (cancer)
                                (4)

* Less than 3 events

Source: South Dakota Vital Statistics Report: A State and County
Comparison of Leading Health Indicators, 2001-2004.

South Dakota Department of Health, Office of Data, Statistics, and
Vital Records.

Number of Deaths from Accidents:
Ages 1-14, South Dakota

       Automobile     Other
         Crashes    Accidents   Total

2001       20           7         27
2002       15           5         20
2003       19          10         29
2004       16          18         34

Source: South Dakota Vital Statistics Report: A State and County
Comparison of Leading Health Indicators, 2001-2004. South Dakota
Department of Health, Office of Data, Statistics, and Vital Records.

Ages    Automobile     Other
15-19     Crashes    Accidents   Total

2001        18           2         20
2002        33           5         38
2003        19           6         25
2004        19           3         22

Source: South Dakota Vital Statistics Report: A State and County
Comparison of Leading Health Indicators, 2001-2004. South Dakota
Department of Health, Office of Data, Statistics, and Vital Records.

South Dakota Residents Age 15-19
Leading Causes of Death, 2001-2004

2001          #1 Leading Cause   #2 Leading Cause   #3 Leading Cause
              of Death           of Death           of Death

15-19 years   Accidents (20)     Intentional        Assault (homicide)
                                 Self-Harm          (4)
                                 (Suicide) (11)

2002          #1 Leading Cause   #2 Leading Cause   #3 Leading Cause
              of Death           of Death           of Death

15-19 years   Accidents (38)     Intentional        Heart Disease (4)
                                 Self-Harm
                                 (Suicide) (11)

2003          #1 Leading Cause   #2 Leading Cause   #3 Leading Cause
              of Death           of Death           of Death

15-19 years   Accidents (25)     Intentional        Malignant
                                 Self-Harm          Neoplasms
                                 (Suicide) (10)     (Cancer) (4)

2004          #1 Leading Cause   #2 Leading Cause   #3 Leading Cause
              of Death           of Death           of Death

15-19 years   Accidents (22)     Intentional        Assault (homicide)
                                 Self-Harm          (3)
                                 (Suicide) (16)

2001          #4 Leading Cause
              of Death

15-19 years   Malignant
              Neoplasm (3)

2002          #4 Leading Cause
              of Death

15-19 years   *

2003          #4 Leading Cause
              of Death

15-19 years   *

2004          #4 Leading Cause
              of Death

15-19 years   *

* Less than 3 events.

Source: South Dakota Department of Health, Office of Data, Statistics,
and Vital Records.

Child Death Rate (Deaths per 100,000 Children Ages 1-14),
2000-2003

       Rate per 100,000 Child Death
              Ages 1-14

       South Dakota   U.S.

2000        35         22
2001        33         22
2002        31         21
2003        36         21

Note: Table made from line graph.

Child Deaths (per 100,000 Children Ages 1-14), 2003

            Number per 100,000
            Children Ages 1-14

Minnesota      18
Nation         21
Iowa           22
Montana        24
Nebraska       25
North Dakota   25
South Dakota   36
Wyoming        37

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Source of charts: 2006 KIDS COUNT Data Book. The Annie E. Casey
Foundation.

Teen Death Rate (Deaths per 100,000 Teens Ages 15-19)

       Rate per 100,000 Teens Ages 15-19

       South Dakota   U.S.

2000        78         67
2001        66         67
2002        94         68
2003        82         66

Note: Table made from line graph.

Teen Deaths (Deaths per 100,000 Teens Ages 15-19)

                Rate per 100,000 Teens Ages 15-19

Iowa                     58
Minnesota                59
Nebraska                 61
Nation                   66
South Dakota             82
North Dakota             85
Wyoming                  85
Montana                 104

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Source of Charts: 2006 KIDS COUNT Data Book. The Annie E. Casey
Foundation.
COPYRIGHT 2006 The Business Research Bureau
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2006 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

 Reader Opinion

Title:

Comment:



 

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Author:Cochran, Carole
Publication:South Dakota Business Review
Date:Jun 1, 2006
Words:2436
Previous Article:South Dakota agricultural indicators.
Next Article:Business highlights.



Related Articles
The South Dakota Kids Count Project.
Grandparents raising grandchildren.
Montana KIDS COUNT 2003: Indian children struggle with health care, poverty, and death.
SAFETY ADVOCATES PUSH STATES TO ENACT HIGHWAY SAFETY LAWS.
Kids having kids declines.
Kids Count National Data Book: State Profiles of Child Well-Being South Dakota compared to the United States.
Our children's well-being.
Planned Parenthood to Open Upscale Express Clinic in Minnesota.
Off to the right start a look at infant and parent trends.
How are the kids?

Terms of use | Copyright © 2014 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters