Death rates high among South Dakota's children and teens.
Almost three out of every ten South Dakota South Dakota (dəkō`tə), state in the N central United States. It is bordered by North Dakota (N), Minnesota and Iowa (E), Nebraska (S), and Wyoming and Montana (W). residents are age 1-19. Of these 215,872 South Dakota youth, 51,720 are under age five; 49,801 are ages five to nine; 54,353 are ages 10-14; and 59,998 are ages 15-19. A leading cause of unintentional death for these age cohorts in South Dakota is automobile automobile, self-propelled vehicle used for travel on land. The term is commonly applied to a four-wheeled vehicle designed to carry two to six passengers and a limited amount of cargo, as contrasted with a truck, which is designed primarily for the transportation of crashes.
According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. data from the Annie E. Casey Foundation According to their website, "the Annie E. Casey Foundation has worked to build better futures for disadvantaged children and their families in the United States." The foundation is a regular contributor to public broadcasting, including National Public Radio. , about two South Dakota children or youth died every week in 2003. There were 54 child deaths, ages one through fourteen, and 50 teen deaths, ages 15 through 19. South Dakota's ranking relative to other states from the most recent National Data Book (2006) are among the worst (48th in child death; 38th in teen death) in the nation. This means children (ages 1-4) in every other state, except two, are considered safer. For teens (ages 15-19), 37 other states are considered safer in the area of teen deaths.
This paper will review child and teen death data from the recently released 2006 KIDS COUNT Data Book by The Annie E. Casey Foundation. It will also review South Dakota Department of Health's data for child and teen deaths.
KIDS COUNT, a project of the Annie E. Casey Foundation, is intended to track the progress of children throughout the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. . At the national level, one of the principal activities of the KIDS COUNT program is the publication of the annual "KIDS COUNT Data Book: State Profiles of Child Well-Being," which reports on ten leading indicators Leading Indicator
A measurable economic factor that changes before the economy starts to follow a particular pattern or trend. Leading indicators are used to predict changes in the economy, but are not always accurate. of child well-being in every state.
In South Dakota, the KIDS COUNT project is a statewide collaborative col·lab·o·rate
intr.v. col·lab·o·rat·ed, col·lab·o·rat·ing, col·lab·o·rates
1. To work together, especially in a joint intellectual effort.
2. effort bringing together a wide range of organizations including businesses, nonprofits, and government agencies interested in or involved with children and families. South Dakota KIDS COUNT (http://www.sdkidscount.org See .org.
(networking) org - The top-level domain for organisations or individuals that don't fit any other top-level domain (national, com, edu, or gov). Though many have .org domains, it was never intended to be limited to non-profit organisations.
RFC 1591. ) is based in the Business Research Bureau, School of Business at The University of South Dakota Nomenclature
The KIDS COUNT National Data Book: State Profiles of Child Well-Being, is published each year by the Annie E. Casey Foundation (http://www.aecf.org). In its publication, all fifty states are ranked from best to worst. The 2006 National Data Book, based on 2003/2004 data, ranked South Dakota 14th (of 50 states; 1st being best, 50th being worst) in child well-being.
The national composite composite, alternate common name for Asteraceae or Compositae, the aster family.
composite - aggregate rank for each state is obtained by converting the numerical numerical
expressed in numbers, i.e. Arabic numerals of 0 to 9 inclusive.
a numerical code is used to indicate the words, or other alphabetical signals, intended. values for each of the ten key indicators into standard scores. The standard scores are summed to create a total standard score for each of the 50 states. The states are ranked on the basis of their total standard score in sequential One after the other in some consecutive order such as by name or number. order from highest/best (1) to lowest/worst (50). Standard scores were derived de·rive
v. de·rived, de·riv·ing, de·rives
1. To obtain or receive from a source.
2. by subtracting the mean score from the observed ob·serve
v. ob·served, ob·serv·ing, ob·serves
1. To be or become aware of, especially through careful and directed attention; notice.
2. score and dividing the amount by the standard deviation In statistics, the average amount a number varies from the average number in a series of numbers.
(statistics) standard deviation - (SD) A measure of the range of values in a set of numbers. for that distribution of scores. All measures were given the same weight in calculating the total standard score. In other words Adv. 1. in other words - otherwise stated; "in other words, we are broke"
put differently , no attempt was made to judge the relative importance of each indicator Indicator
Anything used to predict future financial or economic trends.
In the context of technical analysis, an indicator is a mathematical calculation based on a securities price and/or volume. The result is used to predict future prices. .
The national indicators include:
* Percent low birth weight babies (less than 2,500 grams)
* Infant mortality (hardware) infant mortality - It is common lore among hackers (and in the electronics industry at large) that the chances of sudden hardware failure drop off exponentially with a machine's time since first use (that is, until the relatively distant time at which enough mechanical (rate per 1,000 live births)
* Child death rate (children ages 1-14), deaths per 100,000
* Teen death rate (teens ages 15-19) deaths per 100,000
* Teen birth rate (births per 1,000 females ages 15-19)
* Percent of teens who are high school dropouts (ages 16-19)
* Percent of teens not attending school and not working (ages 16-19)
* Percent of children living in families where no parent has full-time full-time
Employed for or involving a standard number of hours of working time: a full-time administrative assistant.
full , year-round employment
* Percent of children in poverty
* Percent of children in single-parent families single-parent family Social medicine A family unit with a mother or father and unmarried children. See Father 'factor.', Latchkey children, Quality time, Supermom. Cf Extended family, Nuclear family, Two parent advantage. .
Child and Teen Death Rates in South Dakota
In South Dakota, two indicators, child death rate and teen death rate are consistently ranked among the worst in the nation. According to the 2006 Kids Count National Data Book, the above table shows the following rankings for South Dakota on these two indicators.
Except for one year (2001 Teen Death Rate), South Dakota ranked in the bottom third of all the states. There is no simple answer to these high death rates. The South Dakota KIDS COUNT project will look in depth at the data to help explain why the state has a higher rate than other states. This analysis will look at South Dakota compared to the U.S. and adjacent states. Data from the South Dakota Department of Health will be used to help understand the causes of deaths to children and teens.
Child deaths are the number of deaths from all causes per 100,000 children ages 1-14 years. The rate is a reflection of the physical, mental and emotional health of children. Accidents are the number one cause of child deaths in each age category (1-4 and 5-14) in South Dakota. The second leading cause of death is either congenital anomalies congenital anomaly
See birth defect. or malignant malignant /ma·lig·nant/ (-nant)
1. tending to become worse and end in death.
2. having the properties of anaplasia, invasiveness, and metastasis; said of tumors. neoplasms.
The chart at the top of the page shows accidents further broken out between automobile crashes and other accidents. The percentage of automobile crashes to all accidents is 74% for 2001; 75% for 2002; 66% for 2003; and 47% for 2004.
Based on data from the 2006 National Data Book, South Dakota was above the national child death rate.
When compared to adjacent states, South Dakota's child death rate was better than only one state, Wyoming Wyoming, city, United States
Wyoming, city (1990 pop. 63,891), Kent co., W Mich., in the greater Grand Rapids metropolitan area, on the Grand River; settled 1832, inc. 1959. .
Teen Deaths *
This indicator is deaths from all causes to teens between ages 15-19 per 100,000 teens. As with child deaths, motor vehicle crashes make up the highest percentage of teen violent deaths. Based on data from the 2006 Kids Count Data Book, South Dakota is worse in teen death rate, except for the year 2001.
When compared to adjacent states, South Dakota's teen death rate was lower than three states and exceeded the rate for the nation and three adjacent states in 2003.
The South Dakota Department of Health's Vital Statistics book shows the leading cause of death for ages 15-19 is accidents followed by intentional in·ten·tion·al
1. Done deliberately; intended: an intentional slight. See Synonyms at voluntary.
2. Having to do with intention. self-harm.
The chart at the top of the next page shows accidents further broken out between automobile crashes and other accidents. The percentage of automobile crashes to all accidents is 90% for 2001; 87% for 2002; 76% for 2003; and 86% for 2004.
Improving Child and Teen Deaths
The child death rate is the number of deaths per 100,000 children ages 1 to 14, for all causes. Unintentional injuries unintentional injury Accidental injury Public health Any injury caused by an accident. See Injury. such as motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among this age group. It is estimated that approximately ap·prox·i·mate
1. Almost exact or correct: the approximate time of the accident.
2. 90 percent of such injuries are preventable.
In 2003, there were 36 child deaths per 100,000 children in South Dakota, a total of 54 deaths. Compared to other states, South Dakota ranked 48th in the nation. New Hampshire New Hampshire, one of the New England states of the NE United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts (S), Vermont, with the Connecticut R. forming the boundary (W), the Canadian province of Quebec (NW), and Maine and a short strip of the Atlantic Ocean (E). ranked first in the nation with a rate of 12 per 100,000. The best neighboring neigh·bor
1. One who lives near or next to another.
2. A person, place, or thing adjacent to or located near another.
3. A fellow human.
4. Used as a form of familiar address.
v. state was Minnesota Minnesota, state, United States
Minnesota (mĭn'ĭsō`tə), upper midwestern state of the United States. It is bordered by Lake Superior and Wisconsin (E), Iowa (S), South Dakota and North Dakota (W), and the Canadian provinces , whose rate of 18 per 100,000 resulted in a rank of 9th.
For South Dakota to rank number one in the nation, we would need to reduce child deaths by 36. To improve by ten percent, South Dakota would need to reduce child deaths by 6.
The rate of teen deaths is the number of deaths from all causes per 100,000 teenagers between ages 15 and 19. In South Dakota, the leading cause of teen violent death is motor vehicle crashes. Based on miles driven, teenage drivers are involved in three times as many fatal crashes as are all drivers.
In 2003, there were 50 teen deaths in South Dakota, which is a rate of 82 deaths per 100,000 teens. Compared to other states, South Dakota ranked 48th in the nation. Connecticut Connecticut, state, United States
Connecticut (kənĕt`ĭkət), southernmost of the New England states of the NE United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts (N), Rhode Island (E), Long Island Sound (S), and New York (W). ranked first in the nation with a rate of 40 per 100,000. The best neighboring state was Iowa whose rate of 58 per 100,000 resulted in a rank of 13th.
For South Dakota to rank number one in the nation, we would need to reduce teen deaths by 26. To improve by ten percent, South Dakota would need to reduce teen deaths by 5.
This article has examined child and teen deaths in South Dakota. National data from the recently released KIDS COUNT National Data Book from the Annie E. Casey Foundation was reviewed along with South Dakota Department of Health data. It was found that the death rates of South Dakota children and teens have been above the national average for a number of years. Automobile crashes have been a major cause of South Dakota's poor record on child and teen deaths.
There are no simple answers to high child and teen death rates. Nothing can adequately compensate a community for the loss of a child or a teen--to their parents and families, to classmates Classmates can refer to either:
Newell is located at (44.716261, -103.423094)GR1. .
In order to decrease child and teen deaths from automobile crashes we need to determine the major factors leading to the crashes. Are crashes related to speed, alcohol, not using seatbelts, limited driving experience, distraction Distraction
Divination (See OMEN.)
a “person from Porlock” interrupted Coleridge while he was recollecting the dream on which he based “Kubla Khan”. [Br. Lit.: Poems of Coleridge in Magill IV, 756] while driving, or a combination of all of these? Improving South Dakota's child and teen death rates will require a closer review of all of these issues. That review can begin in local communities, by working with their children, teens and schools. Law enforcement, health care, civic and business groups can also play a part in identifying ways to reduce automobile crashes and then take the necessary steps to implement those changes.
* In 2005 The Annie E. Casey Foundation changed the way this indicator was measured. In previous years, the Years, The
the seven decades of Eleanor Pargiter’s life. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 1109]
See : Time indicator measured teen violent deaths from accidents, homicides, and suicides It may never be fully completed or, depending on its its nature, it may be that it can never be completed. However, new and revised entries in the list are always welcome.
About the author:
carole cochran is Program Director for the South Dakota Kids Count Program, located at the School of Business. The University of South Dakota. Vermillion, South Dakota Vermillion is a city in the southeast corner of South Dakota, USA, and the tenth largest city in the state. Vermillion lies atop a bluff on the Missouri River.
French fur traders first visited in the late 1700s, and Vermillion was founded in 1859 and incorporated in 1873. . South Dakota Kids Count began in 1993. You can access Kids Count information at http://www.sdkidscount.org
South Dakota 2000 2001 2002 2003 Child Deaths (based on deaths per 100,000 children ages 1-14) 49th 47th 47th 48th Teen death rate (based on 35th 24th 42th 38th deaths per 100,000 teens ages 15-19) Source: 2006 KIDS COUNT Databook. State Profiles of Child Well-Being. Annie E. Casey Foundation. South Dakota Residents Age 1-14 Leading Causes of Death, 2001-2004 2001 #1 Leading Cause #2 Leading Cause #3 Leading Cause of Death of Death of Death 14 years Accidents (5) Congenital * Anomalies (3) 5-14 years Accidents (22) Congenital * Anomalies (3) 2002 #1 Leading Cause #2 Leading Cause #3 Leading Cause of Death of Death of Death 1-4 years Accidents (5) Congenital Assault (homicide) Anomalies (3) (3) 5-14 years Accidents (15) Malignant Intentional neoplasms self-harm (cancer) (4) (Suicide) (3) 2003 #1 Leading Cause #2 Leading Cause #3 Leading Cause of Death of Death of Death 14 years Accidents (14) Congenital Assault (homicide) Anomalies (3) (3) 5-14 years Accidents (15) Malignant Septicemia (3) Neoplasm (cancer) (5) 2004 #1 Leading Cause #2 Leading Cause #3 Leading Cause of Death of Death of Death 1-4 years Accidents (12) * * 5-14 years Accidents (22) Malignant * Neoplasm (cancer) (4) * Less than 3 events Source: South Dakota Vital Statistics Report: A State and County Comparison of Leading Health Indicators, 2001-2004. South Dakota Department of Health, Office of Data, Statistics, and Vital Records. Number of Deaths from Accidents: Ages 1-14, South Dakota Automobile Other Crashes Accidents Total 2001 20 7 27 2002 15 5 20 2003 19 10 29 2004 16 18 34 Source: South Dakota Vital Statistics Report: A State and County Comparison of Leading Health Indicators, 2001-2004. South Dakota Department of Health, Office of Data, Statistics, and Vital Records. Ages Automobile Other 15-19 Crashes Accidents Total 2001 18 2 20 2002 33 5 38 2003 19 6 25 2004 19 3 22 Source: South Dakota Vital Statistics Report: A State and County Comparison of Leading Health Indicators, 2001-2004. South Dakota Department of Health, Office of Data, Statistics, and Vital Records. South Dakota Residents Age 15-19 Leading Causes of Death, 2001-2004 2001 #1 Leading Cause #2 Leading Cause #3 Leading Cause of Death of Death of Death 15-19 years Accidents (20) Intentional Assault (homicide) Self-Harm (4) (Suicide) (11) 2002 #1 Leading Cause #2 Leading Cause #3 Leading Cause of Death of Death of Death 15-19 years Accidents (38) Intentional Heart Disease (4) Self-Harm (Suicide) (11) 2003 #1 Leading Cause #2 Leading Cause #3 Leading Cause of Death of Death of Death 15-19 years Accidents (25) Intentional Malignant Self-Harm Neoplasms (Suicide) (10) (Cancer) (4) 2004 #1 Leading Cause #2 Leading Cause #3 Leading Cause of Death of Death of Death 15-19 years Accidents (22) Intentional Assault (homicide) Self-Harm (3) (Suicide) (16) 2001 #4 Leading Cause of Death 15-19 years Malignant Neoplasm (3) 2002 #4 Leading Cause of Death 15-19 years * 2003 #4 Leading Cause of Death 15-19 years * 2004 #4 Leading Cause of Death 15-19 years * * Less than 3 events. Source: South Dakota Department of Health, Office of Data, Statistics, and Vital Records. Child Death Rate (Deaths per 100,000 Children Ages 1-14), 2000-2003 Rate per 100,000 Child Death Ages 1-14 South Dakota U.S. 2000 35 22 2001 33 22 2002 31 21 2003 36 21 Note: Table made from line graph. Child Deaths (per 100,000 Children Ages 1-14), 2003 Number per 100,000 Children Ages 1-14 Minnesota 18 Nation 21 Iowa 22 Montana 24 Nebraska 25 North Dakota 25 South Dakota 36 Wyoming 37 Note: Table made from bar graph. Source of charts: 2006 KIDS COUNT Data Book. The Annie E. Casey Foundation. Teen Death Rate (Deaths per 100,000 Teens Ages 15-19) Rate per 100,000 Teens Ages 15-19 South Dakota U.S. 2000 78 67 2001 66 67 2002 94 68 2003 82 66 Note: Table made from line graph. Teen Deaths (Deaths per 100,000 Teens Ages 15-19) Rate per 100,000 Teens Ages 15-19 Iowa 58 Minnesota 59 Nebraska 61 Nation 66 South Dakota 82 North Dakota 85 Wyoming 85 Montana 104 Note: Table made from bar graph. Source of Charts: 2006 KIDS COUNT Data Book. The Annie E. Casey Foundation.