DFG PLANS PLANTS FOR SILVERWOOD.Byline: Jim Matthews James R. "Jim" Matthews is an elected public official in Pennsylvania. Matthews is a member of the Republican Party. He currently serves on the Board of Commissioners of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Special to the Daily News
The Department of Fish and Game announced this week that regular trout plants will return to Lake Silverwood this spring for the first time since December 1993, when the state stopped planting the fish for anglers at the popular reservoir north of San Bernardino San Bernardino, city, United States
San Bernardino (săn bûr'nədē`nō), city (1990 pop. 164,164), seat of San Bernardino co., S Calif., at the foot of the San Bernardino Mts.; inc. 1854. . And Pyramid Lake Pyramid Lake, 188 sq mi (487 sq km), W Nev. The lake, a remnant of ancient Lake Lahontan, receives the Truckee River. Visited (1844) by U.S. explorer John Frémont, the lake was named for its large pyramidal rocks. might be next in line for resumed plants.
The DFG DFG Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Council)
DFG Department of Fish and Game
DFG District Factor Group
DFG Data Flow Graph
DFG Difference Frequency Generation
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DFG Dog Faced Gremlin maintained that ravenous populations of striped bass striped bass
moronesaxatilis. were eating too many of the trout at both lakes, allowing too few to return to the anglers' creel. So the stocking was stopped, even though definitive studies were never conducted to confirm the extent of the striped bass predation predation
Form of food getting in which one animal, the predator, eats an animal of another species, the prey, immediately after killing it or, in some cases, while it is still alive. Most predators are generalists; they eat a variety of prey species. .
The DFG's decision to again stock Silverwood was made so concrete studies could be done to document angler take on the fish, according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. department officials. The state Fish and Game Commission has a policy that prohibits any trout stocking where the return to the angler is less than 50 percent of the trout planted. The return rate was presumed too low at Silverwood and Pyramid, and the plants were stopped.
But a new wrinkle in the ongoing battle to restore trout plants at these two reservoirs emerged this week, when it was discovered that under the federal permit to operate both Pyramid and Silverwood lakes, the Department of Water Resources was required to plant both waters with catchable rainbow trout rainbow trout
Species (Oncorhynchus mykiss) of fish in the salmon family (Salmonidae) noted for spectacular leaps and hard fighting when hooked. It has been introduced from western North America to many other countries. . This condition of the permit has been violated, according to Pat Marley, an attorney with the Southern California Southern California, also colloquially known as SoCal, is the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. Centered on the cities of Los Angeles and San Diego, Southern California is home to nearly 24 million people and is the nation's second most populated region, Bass Council, since the lakes were first filled and opened to recreational use.
According to Federal Energy Regulatory Commission The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is the United States federal agency with jurisdiction over electricity sales, wholesale electric rates, hydroelectric licensing, natural gas pricing, and oil pipeline rates. (FERC FERC Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
FERC FEMA Emergency Response Capability ) documents, both Silverwood and Pyramid must be stocked - at DWR DWR Design Within Reach
DWR Department of Water Resources
DWR Direct Web Remoting (Easy Ajax for Java)
DWR Durable Water Repellency
DWR Delayed Word Recall (medical testing)
DWR Driving While Revoked expense - with trout each year to provide public recreation at the lake. Marley said that even when the lakes were being planted, it was at DFG expense. He said that at least $500,000 worth of trout were planted by the DFG in the two lakes prior to the stoppage of the trout stocking program because of striper predation.
``The Southern California Bass Council has asked me to investigate the FERC requirement that trout be stocked in Silverwood and Pyramid,'' said the lawyer. ``If we find that trout stocking was a requirement in the two reservoirs . . . we will request the Department of Fish and Game to do two things. First, immediately begin stocking trout in both reservoirs for the Department of Water Resources, and, second, request compensation for the plants and repayment for all stocking done in the past on behalf of Water Resources.''
``If they don't perform both activities, this office has been authorized to file a lawsuit to force the two agencies to stock trout,'' Marley said. The ``discovery'' of the original FERC requirement might pour far more trout into both lakes than they saw even during the peak of the DFG rainbow trout stocking programs during the mid-1980s. Pyramid was mandated to have 200,000 trout per year planted in its waters and Silverwood nearly twice that amount - all at DWR expense. DFG officials claim they never knew of this requirement and stocked the lakes on their own with revenue provides by sport-fishing license sales.
Marley said the DWR was also mandated by court order in late January to mitigate completely for the loss of the Lake Silverwood fishery caused during the drawdown Drawdown
The peak to trough decline during a specific record period of an investment or fund. It is usually quoted as the percentage between the peak to the trough.
Notes: to its lowest possible level, called ``dead pool,'' last winter, when a new outlet tower was constructed. DFG surveys show that 65 percent of the fishery was lost during the drawdown. Meanwhile, San Bernardino Superior Court mandated in late January that mitigation measures by the DWR must begin at once to restore the fish and their habitat.
The DFG's plan for Silverwood was to resume planting 16,000 pounds of trout per year during two time frames - from March through May and again in October and November. The plants would be followed up with intensive creel surveys to determine catch rates and angler participation. The program would last at least three years to give the study validity, according to Mike Haynie, the DFG's hatchery hatchery
a commercial establishment dedicated to the hatching of bird eggs to provide day old chicks and poults to the poultry industry.
the contents of unfertilized eggs. Used in petfood manufacture. supervisor in Bishop.
``I did not know about this requirement, but during our discussions during our lake operator's meetings recently, that issue came to the surface,'' Haynie said. ``It caught me by surprise, and where we are going at the present time, I don't know Don't know (DK, DKed)
"Don't know the trade." A Street expression used whenever one party lacks knowledge of a trade or receives conflicting instructions from the other party. . The ball is in the DWR's court right now and we are kind of waiting until the other shoe drops,'' said Haynie.
Haynie said the DFG would probably not be able to meet a need for an additional half million or more trout should the DWR request the DFG to plant the FERC-required amount of fish in the two reservoirs. This would mean DWR would need to contract with private trout growers, most of which plan their production a year in advance and might not be able to meet the demand initially.
The Department of Water Resources admits that there is a FERC requirement to plant trout, but there is some question by the staff whether or not it should fund the stockings, according to DWR spokesman Chuck Keene. At the same time, Keene said that without trout plants the DWR is technically in violation of the FERC aggreement.
Trout were considered the main game fish at Silverwood Lake throughout the late 1970s and '80s, when the lake received annual allotments of fish from the DFG. During the late 1970s, brown trout brown trout
Prized and wary European game fish (Salmo trutta, family Salmonidae) that is favoured for food. The species includes several varieties (e.g., the Loch Leven trout of Britain). The brown trout is recognized by the light-ringed black spots on its brown body. were planted and grew to tremendous proportions, with a number of fish topping 8 pounds caught during the fishery's peak. But the DFG discontinued brown trout plants, which were stocked as fingerlings or ``subcatchables'' when stripers were established in the lake. The rainbow plants were ended in late 1993.
Visitation at Silverwood State Recreation Area plummeted when trout plants ceased, especially during the winter months - when most of the trout had been stocked and there was little other use at the park, according to Larry Cermak, the park's superintendent. The annual visitor rate is 600,000, down from 700,000 to 800,000 during the lake's trout heyday and representing a yearly revenue loss of more than $1 million, Cermak said.
``Visitation is off at least 50 percent in the winter months and probably more,'' he said. ``When the plants were happening, there were fishermen here. Now there's maybe one or two boats out there,'' said Cermak.
``(The new trout plants) will bring people back to Silverwood.''
PHOTO Ken East of San Bernardino shows off a brown trout caught at Lake Silverwood in the mid-1970s.
Jim Matthews/Special to the Daily News