Czech chamber ensembles.This year we mark the 115th anniversary of the founding of the Czech Quartet, an ensemble that represented a breakthrough in the history of Czech chamber music. Of course, chamber music has a much longer history and its roots can be found both in court cappella and in active music making in noble families. The whole 19th century was then characterised by "home" or "salon" music making. It is therefore true to say that alongside choirs, chamber music was the most natural way of making music. A relative long and far from obvious path, however, leads from this tradition to the emergence of genuinely professional groups playing the most difficult pieces at public concerts. And it was in this context that the Czech Quartet represented a breakthrough.
It was in the year 1891 that the professor at the Prague Conservatory Prague Conservatory, sometimes also Prague Conservatoire, in Czech Pražská konzervatoř, is a Czech secondary school dedicated to teaching the arts of music and theater acting. , Hanus Wihan, put together a kind of elite ensemble of conservatory students. Here all the founding members of a group that were to be known a few years later came together. They were the violinists Karel Hoffman (1872-1936) and Josef Suk There have been two notable musicians called Josef Suk:
Stringed instrument, the tenor member of the violin family. In appearance it is almost identical to the violin but slightly larger; its strings are tuned a fifth lower. player Oskar Nedbal Oskar Nedbal (March 26 1874 – December 24 1930) was a Czech violist, composer, and conductor of classical music. Life
Nedbal was born in Tábor, in south Bohemia. (1874-1930) and the cellist Otto Berger (1873-1897). On the 2nd of November 1891 they then appeared together, still under the heading of the Czech-German Union for Chamber Music. This was the predecessor of the Czech Society for Chamber Music, formed in 1894, which became as it were the axis of the the diameter of the sphere which is perpendicular to the plane of the circle.
See also: Axis domestic tradition of chamber music and is today one of the longest-lived still functioning Czech musical institutions. The group did not appear under the name Czech Quartet until 1892, and in the January of the following year they had a triumphal success in Vienna. Instead of just the originally planned one concert on the 19th of January they finally gave four, and in a city where there existed several established and professionally functioning string quartets string quartet
Ensemble consisting of two violins, viola, and cello, or a work written for such an ensemble. Since c. 1775 such works have been perhaps the predominant genre of chamber music. ... And what is even more incredible is that most of the members of the quartet were not yet twenty years TWENTY YEARS. The lapse of twenty years raises a presumption of certain facts, and after such a time, the party against whom the presumption has been raised, will be required to prove a negative to establish his rights.
2. old. Another good sign was that even their Czech programme, especially Bedrich Smetana's String quartet no. 1 in E minor, was a success as well.
The quartet did not remain the same in membership up to its end in 1933. We should note that the place of the outstanding cellist Otto Berger, who died very young of lung disease lung disease Pulmonary disease Pulmonology Any condition causing or indicating impaired lung function Types of LD Obstructive lung disease–↓ in air flow caused by a narrowing or blockage of airways–eg, asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis; , was taken by the father founder of the ensemble at the conservatory, Hanus Wihan (1855-1920), who was a generation older. Another change came in 1906, when Oskar Nedbal, who later devoted himself more to conducting and composing, was replaced by the viola player Jiri Herold (1875-1934), up to that time first violin of his own string quartet. The last major change came when Hanus Wihan fell ill and was succeeded in 1914 by the cellist Ladislav Zelenka (1881-1957), himself originally a member of the excellent Sevcik-Lhotsky Quartet.
We name the individual members here because each was an exceptional figure in the history of musical performance, and also because some ensembles active today have been named after them. In relation to the concerts of the Czech Quartet we should mention three features that made them so important an ensemble: first, dozens of concert tours of Europe; second, the systematic building up of repertoire; and third, inspiration for other Czech ensembles. As early as the years 1895-7 the Czech Quartet was giving concerts first in Russia and Italy, then in France, and then on tours in England, Holland, Belgium, Denmark, Sweden and Norway. Later they added very successful tours to Switzerland, Rumania, Bulgaria, Turkey and also Spain and Portugal. The ensemble returned to all these countries repeatedly, each time with Czech and international repertoire. Before the First World War they travelled with major thematic cycles: a Beethoven Cycle, Dvorak Cycle, and cycle on the development of chamber music. Also important were the regular concerts given by the Czech Quartet under the aegis aegis (ē`jĭs), in Greek mythology, weapon of Zeus and Athena. It possessed the power to terrify and disperse the enemy or to protect friends. of the Czech Society for Chamber Music. In 1922 all the members became teachers at the Prague Conservatory; this was of great importance for the training of other musicians, but was also the reason why the next decade of the quartet's activity was not so dazzling as the pre-war era. Although by the end of its life the quartet was more a symbol than a modern ensemble, its preceding achievements are absolutely undeniable.
In the field of chamber orchestras--and of course in many other areas--the key role was played by the best Czech conductor ever, the principal conductor of the Czech Philharmonic The Česká filharmonie (Czech Philharmonic) is a symphony orchestra based in Prague and is perhaps most well known and respected orchestra in the Czech Republic. during the First Republic and the head of the National Theatre opera during the Second World War, Vaclav Talich. After the war when his bitter critic and enemy Zdenek Nejedly made it impossible for him to work in the opera or with orchestras, students at the conservatory founded the Czech Chamber Orchestra Noun 1. chamber orchestra - small orchestra; usually plays classical music
orchestra - a musical organization consisting of a group of instrumentalists including string players for him in 1945. The idea of devoting himself to subtle work with a smaller ensemble had in fact been maturing in Talich for some time before, and he soon achieved quite phenomenal success with the young players. Let us recall their performance at the Prague Spring Prague Spring: see Prague and Czechoslovakia.
(1968) Brief period of liberalization in Czechoslovakia under Alexander Dubcek. in 1947 and the admiring words of the world-famous cellist Pierre Fournier Pierre Fournier (June 24, 1906 – January 8, 1986) was a French cellist who was called the "aristocrat of cellists," on account of his elegant musicianship and majestic sound.
He was born in Paris, the son of a French Army general. , who declared that he had never encountered so good a chamber ensemble before anywhere. After the communist takeover in 1948 the authorities and above all the egregious e·gre·gious
Conspicuously bad or offensive. See Synonyms at flagrant.
[From Latin Zdenek Nejedly banned Talich from all activities, the players naturally stood by him and the orchestra ceased to exist. But the impulse and the tradition lived on, and so the violinist and conductor Josef Vlach, himself one of Talich's pupils, revived the Czech Chamber Orchestra in 1957. The orchestra was later taken over by pupils of Josef Vlach, in the first rank Ondrej Kukal, and the ensemble has flourished under the same name to this day.
Talich was not the only symphonic sym·phon·ic
1. Relating to or having the character or form of a symphony.
2. Harmonious in sound.
Adj. 1. conductor for whom conducting a chamber ensemble was of great importance. Here we should mention at least two ensembles that no longer exist today. The first was the Prague Chamber Soloists, directed in the mid-1960s by Vaclav Neumann, and the second, particularly remarkable, was the Chamber Harmony, with which Libor Pesek likewise gave concerts in the 1960s. The programmes of the latter group were trail-blazing, including new Czech music, what today are already classic works of 20th-century music, and works of classicism classicism, a term that, when applied generally, means clearness, elegance, symmetry, and repose produced by attention to traditional forms. It is sometimes synonymous with excellence or artistic quality of high distinction. .
In the context of post-war history we must mention at least the four most important string quartets and two piano trios A piano trio is a group of piano and two other instruments, usually a violin and a cello, or a piece of music written for such a group. It is one of the most common forms found in classical chamber music. . Let us start with the longest lived quartet, the Smetana Quartet The Smetana Quartet was a Czech string quartet that was in existence from 1945 to 1989. Members
Examination of the intervertebral disk space using x-rays after injection of contrast media into the disk. covering all the basic works of chamber music can be considered truly representative in many respects. This quartet toured literally round the whole world and repeatedly returned to all the world's most important concert halls, but they also made very popular appearances in even the smaller towns of Czechoslovakia and represent a whole separate chapter in the history of the Czech chamber music. Their teaching activities have also had a major impact on Czech music, since practically all the best Czech quartets of the middle generation went through Prof. Antonin Kohout's class.
The Vlach Quartet, made up of the violinists Josef Vlach and Vaclav Snitil, the viola player Josef Kodousek and the cellist Josef Moucka, represents a much briefer, but still artistically unusually valuable chapter. Its members were all exceptional, distinctive performers with excellent technical skills, a feeling for style and the gift of lyrical expression. In the period of the ensemble's existence, 1950-1976, they brought an absolutely unique quality to performance of the quartets of Antonin Dvorak and Leos Janacek and practically the whole of Beethoven's quartet output, to mention only their most important feats.
The third internationally important ensemble of the second half of the 20th century was the Janacek Quartet, which was formed at the Brno Conservatory in 1947 and from 1955 consisted of Jiri Travnicek, Adolf Sykora, Jiri Kratochvil and Karel Krafka. Unlike the Smetana Quartet the Vlach and Janacek quartets handed down their names to another generation of players, and so ensembles with the names are still performing today. As the fourth on this very selective list let us mention the Prague Quartet (Kvarteto hlavniho mesta Prahy), founded in 1955 in association with the Prague FOK Symphony Orchestra and consisting of Bretislav Novotny, Miroslav Richter, Hubert Simacek and Zdenek Konicek; the ensemble later became independent of the orchestra. Like the others the Prague Quartet underwent changes of membership but in 2001, when it ceased to exist, it had almost three thousand performances and dozens of recordings to its name.
One particularly admirable example of the close relationship between solo and chamber play was, of course, the Suk Trio The Suk Trio is a Czech piano trio founded in 1951. The original members were Josef Suk, Julius Katchen, and Janos Starker.
They made their debut on March 5 in Prague. consisting of Josef Suk junior-violin, Josef Chuchro--cello and Jan Panenka--piano. (Later Jan Panenka's place was taken by the equally outstanding accompanist and chamber pianist Josef Hala.) Their recordings of the Dvorak and Beethoven trios still sound modern today and set standards by which others are judged. The trio first performed in 1951 and continued to give concerts for practically forty years. Another threesome of extraordinary musicians came together in the Smetana Trio, formed in the 1930s: the violinist Alexandr Plocek, the pianist Josef Palenicek and the cellist Frantisek Smetana. Their traditions were carried on by today's Smetana Trio, to which we shall return. Compared to quartets trios are much more meeting places for soloists and the members tend to change much more often. Thus for example we encounter the tradition of the Czech Trio, where the leading figure was once again the pianist Josef Palenicek and in its most famous period the violinist Alexandr Polcek or Ivan Straus and the cellist Milos Sadlo Milos Sadlo (13 April 1912 – 14 October 2003) a Czech cellist was born in Prague, Czech Republic. Born Milos Zátvrzský he took the name Sadlo after "Karel Pravoslav Sadlo", his teacher and mentor. . The principle of soloists coming together is even more common among wind ensembles.
This has been just the shortest of accounts of how inseparable in·sep·a·ra·ble
1. Impossible to separate or part: inseparable pieces of rock.
2. Very closely associated; constant: inseparable companions. chamber music is from the Czech tradition of performance. It can even be said that in terms of international recognition and acclaim, it has generally been more prominent than many soloists and orchestras. And this is still true today. The central and the most demanding form of chamber music is the string quartet, which also requires the most stable configuration of performers, while with other ensembles we see a strong tendency for the musicians to be involved in other groups and formations at the same time. The music scene today confirms this picture--a group of renowned quartets or chamber orchestras, and to some extent trios, which moreover have distinguished traditions to build on, and beside them a large number of chamber ensembles of all types, origins and profiles, more or less permanent.
Ensembles specialising in the interpretation of music of earlier periods (such as Milan Munclinger's Ars revidiva, for example), represent a separate chapter, and one which requires separate treatment, as do ensembles specialising in contemporary music. We will return to this theme in some other Czech Music issue.
The Panocha pa·no·cha also pa·no·che
1. A coarse grade of Mexican sugar.
2. Variants of penuche.
[American Spanish, probably from Spanish panoja, panocha, Quartet
The Panocha Quartet has been in existence longer than any other still performing in the Czech Republic Czech Republic, Czech Česká Republika (2005 est. pop. 10,241,000), republic, 29,677 sq mi (78,864 sq km), central Europe. It is bordered by Slovakia on the east, Austria on the south, Germany on the west, and Poland on the north. . In two years it will be celebrating its fortieth anniversary, and the same musicians have been playing in it from the very start: Jiri Panocha--1 st violin, Pavel Zejfart--2nd violin, Miroslav Sehnoutka--viola and Jaroslav Kulhan--cello. The quartet was founded in 1968 by students at the Prague Conservatory and its first major success was victory in the International String Quartet Competition in Prague in 1975. It has toured in almost all the countries of Europe and overseas, and won important awards: A Gold Medal gold medal
traditional first prize. [Western Cult: Misc.]
See : Prize in Bordeaux (1976) and in 1982 the Supraphon Golden Disc. In 1983 it won the Grand Prix du disque The Grand Prix du Disque is the premier French award for musical recordings.
The award was begun by l'Académie Charles Cros in 1948 and offers prizes in various categories. de l'Academie Charles Cros Charles Cros (October 1 1842 - August 9, 1888) was a French poet and inventor. He was born in Fabrezan, Aude, France, 35 km to the East of Carcassonne.
Cros was a well-regarded poet and humorous writer. in Paris for its recording of Bohuslav Martinu's String Quartets nos. 4 and 6, but also went on to record his complete string quartets. Its complete recording of the String Quartets of Antonin Dvorak for Supraphon (over seven years), and the quartets of Zdenek Fibich and Bedrich Smetana Noun 1. Bedrich Smetana - Czech composer (1824-1884)
Smetana , are also of great importance and exceptional musical value. Its harmonious, unusually warm and colourful colourful or US colorful
1. with bright or richly varied colours
2. vivid or distinctive in character
Adj. 1. sound is completely ideal for the Czech quartet tradition. It also regularly performs music by Joseph Haydn, the founding father of the string quartet. One special chapter in its history has been its long-term collaboration with the Hungarian pianist Andras Schiff. They have not only played piano quartets A piano quartet is a musical ensemble consisting of a piano and three other instruments, or a piece written for such a group. In classical music, those other instruments are usually a string trio, that is a violin, viola and cello. and quintets with him but have regularly taken part in the festival that Schiff holds in Mondsee in Austria and have been members of his orchestra Capella Andrea Barca. A valuable Mozart recording came out of their collaboration with the pianist Rudolf Firkusny Rudolf Firkusny (Czech Rudolf Firkušný, IPA: [ˈrʊdolf ˈfɪrkʊʃni:]) (February 11, 1912-July 19, 1994) was a Czech-American pianist with an elegant style. , which unfortunately ended prematurely with his death.
The Prazak Quartet
The Prazak Quartet is one of several top Czech ensembles better known abroad than at home. It was formed at the beginning of the 1970s at the conservatory by Vaclav Remes and Vlastimil Holek--violins, Josef Kluson--viola, Josef Prazak--cello and, as soon became apparent, these were four equally talented individuals with the same obsession with chamber music. The ensemble gained experience under teachers who in each case were members of the three best quartets that were then at the height of their fame: Viktor Moucka, member of the the Vlach Quartet, Bretislav Novotny, leader of the Prague Quartet and Antonin Kohout, member of the Smetana Quartet. The Prazak Quartet soon acquired a great reputation, taking first prize at competitions in Kromeriz and Evian in 1978 and a year later winning the Prague Spring Competition. In 1986 the cellist whose name the quartet bears had to give up his increasingly successful musical career for health reasons, and his place was taken by Michal Kanka, excellently trained and with great gifts as a soloist. The quartet continued on its successful path under its old name but with a new impetus. Its repertoire is admirably broad and contains all the great quartet works from Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert and Dvorak to Schoenberg and Zemlinsky. The Prazak Quartet is without doubt one of the handful of ensembles that represent the absolute elite of Czech quartet performance. The media visibility of the Prazak Quartet has been heightened by ten years of collaboration with the French recording company Harmonia mundi (Praga Digitals)--which is also the case of the Guarneri Trio (see below). Its discography covers roughly twenty titles and almost forty pieces of music and shows not just breadth of repertoire, but a marvellous breadth of expressive power Expressive power is a relatively generic term used by Abelson and Sussman in Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs to describe the conciseness with which a particular logical design may be translated into a computer program in a given programming language. in performance. Its recording of Beethoven's Razumovsky Quartets, the first part of a complete edition of Beethoven's quartets, attracted a huge amount of attention.
The Wihan Quartet
Also distinctive and prominent is the Wihan Quartet: Leos Cepicky, Jan Schulmeister--violins, Jiri Zigmund--viola, Ales Kasprik--cello. It was formed in 1985 when its members were studying at the Music Faculty of the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague (HAMU) and it gave its concerts under the name HAMU Quartet. Within ten years it became one of the most sought-after quartets both at home and abroad. Bringing together four musicians who were equally technically skilled and very much on the same wavelength, it benefited from the start from excellent teaching in the person of Prof. Antonin Kohout. In the course of almost continuous travel punctuated by concerts at home, the ensemble toured Japan, for example, and appeared several times at London's Wigmore Hall, on one occasion for a concert broadcast by the BBC BBC
in full British Broadcasting Corp.
Publicly financed broadcasting system in Britain. A private company at its founding in 1922, it was replaced by a public corporation under royal charter in 1927. . After the stage of competitions the quartet embarked on the next stage of constant return to festivals with which it identifies in terms of sentiment and musical philosophy. It makes regular concert appearances not only in many countries of Europe but just as regularly in the USA, Japan and Australia--as do practically all the ensembles listed here. In addition to its large repertoire of quartet literature the ensemble enthusiastically engages in "crossover" music projects, such as appearances with the chanson chanson
French art song. The unaccompanied chanson for a single voice part, composed by the troubadours and later the trouvères, first appeared in the 12th century. singer Hana Hegerova and the star of musicals, Jan Ledecky, or paying tribute to the Beatles with a CD of the famous band's repertoire. The ensemble has made recordings for a number of domestic publishing companies (Bonton Music, Popron, Studio Matous, Arco diva). Recently it finished an outstanding complete recording of Beethoven Quartets The Beethoven Quartet (Strunnyĭ kvartet imeni Betkhovena) was founded between 1922 and 1923 by graduates of the Moscow Conservatory: violinists Dmitri Tsyganov and Vasily Shirinsky, violist Vadim Borisovsky and cellist Sergei Shirinsky. for the Lotos company.
The Talich Quartet
The Talich Quartet has gone down in the history of Czech chamber music in two different phases marked by different membership. It was founded in 1964 by Jan Talich, the nephew of the famous Czech conductor Vaclav Talich. Initially consisting of P. Messiereur, J, Kvapil, J. Talich senior and E. Rattay, it soon won recognition for its brilliant interpretations of Mozart and Beethoven Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart had a powerful influence on the work of Ludwig van Beethoven. Beethoven knew much of Mozart's work, and modeled a number of his own compositions on works of Mozart. In addition, the two may have met briefly in Vienna in 1787. . Its recordings won a series of awards including the Diapasson d'Or, Grand Prix du Disque, Diapasson du siecle, and Supraphon Golden Disc. The ensemble became a leading performer of 20th-century music, for example making a recording of Bela Bartok's String Quartets for Supraphon. In the later 1990s the ensemble membership changed, and it now consists of Jan Talich--1 st violin (who is also the musical director of the Talich Chamber Orchestra), Petr Macecek--2nd violin, Vladimir Bukac--viola and Petr Prause--cello, who are continuing in the tradition of their predecessors. In addition to an extensive repertoire of Czech music and classical composers they often play the music of 20th-century composers such as Alban Berg Noun 1. Alban Berg - Austrian composer in Schoenberg's twelve-tone music system (1885-1935)
Berg , Arnold Schoenberg Noun 1. Arnold Schoenberg - United States composer and musical theorist (born in Austria) who developed atonal composition (1874-1951)
Arnold Schonberg, Schoenberg, Schonberg , Bela Bartok Noun 1. Bela Bartok - Hungarian composer and pianist who collected Hungarian folk music; in 1940 he moved to the United States (1881-1945)
Bartok and Dmitri Shostakovich Noun 1. Dmitri Shostakovich - Russian composer best known for his fifteen symphonies (1906-1975)
Dmitri Dmitrievich Shostakovich, Shostakovich .
The Stamic Quartet
The Stamic Quartet was founded in 1985. Both the original violinists came from Havlickuv Brod, the birthplace of Jan Vaclav Stamic. The original leader Bohuslav Matousek, who later embarked on a solo career, was replaced by Jindrich Pazdera. The other members are the violinist Josef Kekula, the viola player Jan Peruska and the cellist Vladimir Leixner. They have a significant interest in Czech classicism, although the core of their repertoire is naturally the string quartets of Smetana, Dvorak and Martinu and a wide selection of works by world composers. In 1986 they won the quartet competition organised by the European Broadcasting Union “EBU” redirects here. For other uses, see EBU (disambiguation).
The European Broadcasting Union (EBU; French: L'Union Européenne de Radio-Télévision ("UER") in Salzburg and in the same year they gave a Salzburg concert that was transmitted to the member states of the EBU EBU European Broadcasting Union
EBU English Bridge Union
EBU Enterprise Backup Utility (Oracle 7)
EBU European Boxing Union
EBU European Board of Urology
EBU Electronic Business Unit
EBU Equivalent Billing Unit
EBU Engine Build Unit , Canada and the USA. Only two years later they won the Grand Prix du Disque de l'Academie Charles Cros Paris for their recording of the string quartets of A. Dvorak (F major, op. 96, G major, op. 106), and in 1991 the same prize for their recording of the complete string quartets of Bohuslav Martinu. At the 1997 Prague Spring Festival they performed the complete quartets of Alois Haba (see CM 3/2005) in three concerts. In 1998 their recording of the string quartets of Leos Janacek came first in a reader survey of recordings of these works in the British magazine Gramophone. One important milestone in their activities has been the founding of the EuroArt Prague "Stamic Quartet and Guests" festival. It is a regular event to which they invite leading world chamber ensembles and so promote contacts with the top international groups in the field. The Stamic Quartet is also the festival's resident ensemble and gains new ideas "New Ideas" is the debut single by Scottish New Wave/Indie Rock act The Dykeenies. It was first released as a Double A-side with "Will It Happen Tonight?" on July 17, 2006. The band also recorded a video for the track. and impulses from regular performances with guest groups. From September 2005 to June 2006 what is now the sixth annual cycle of EuroArt Praha presented ensembles that included for example the fresh laureate lau·re·ate
1. Worthy of the greatest honor or distinction: "The nation's pediatrician laureate is preparing to lay down his black bag" James Traub.
2. of the ARD Ard (ärd), in the Bible.
1 Son of Benjamin.
2 Benjamite, perhaps the same as (1.) An alternate form is Addar. Munich Prize, Quatuor Ebene, the Kodaly Quartet and the Quarteto Casals. Actually appearing with the Stamic Quartet at joint concerts were the pianist Alex Tharaud, the vibraphone vibraphone
Percussion instrument with tuned metal bars, arranged keyboard-style like the xylophone. Felt or wool beaters are used to strike the bars, giving a soft, mellow tone quality. and marimba marimba: see xylophone.
Xylophone with resonators under each bar. The original African instrument uses tuned calabash resonators. In Mexico and Central America, where it was brought by African slaves, the wooden bars may be affixed to a player Radek Krampl, the pianist Karel Ruzicka and the clarinettist Steph. Siegenthaler. The second series of the EuroArt Pragie Festival, which is called a Season of Laureates, presents young Czech chamber groups that have been successful in international competitions.
The Skampa Quartet
The Skampa Quartet was founded in 1988 at the Prague Academy of Performing Arts under the supervision of professors Antonin Kohout and Milana Skampa of the Smetana Quartet. Its members, however, continued their studies abroad, for example at the Scuola di Musica di Fiesole with Pietro Farulli from the Quartetto Italiano, with the pianist Malcolm Frager, and with members of the Amadeus Quartet The Amadeus Quartet was a world famous string quartet founded in 1947.
Because of their Jewish origin, violinists Norbert Brainin, Siegmund Nissel and violist Peter Schidlof were driven out of Vienna after Hitler's Anschluss of 1938. and Walter Levin Walter Levin was born in Berlin, Germany, and began his musical studies in Tel Aviv and at the Juilliard School of Music of New York with Ivan Galamian. There he was distinguished with a special postgraduate diploma on Chamber Music, created specifically for him. from the Quartet LaSalle. After winning a number of prizes at international competitions the ensemble won first prize at the prestigious global Charles Hennen Competition in Heerlen in the Netherlands. In 1995 it followed up this success with a very successful recital Recital - dBASE-like language and DBMS from Recital Corporation. Versions include Vax VMS. at London's Wigmore Hall, for which it won the Royal Philharmonic Society The Royal Philharmonic Society is a British music society, formed in 1813. It was originally formed in London to promote performances of instrumental music there. Many distinguished composers have taken part in its concerts. prize for Best Debut 1993. In October of the next year the quartet became the very first resident ensemble at the Wigmore Hall in history and in 1994-98 it gave dozens of successful concerts there. In addition to making concert tours throughout the world, in May 2001 the Skampa Quartet were appointed "guest professors of chamber music" at the Royal Academy of Music The Royal Academy of Music is a constituent college of the University of London, and is one of the world's leading music institutions. It was founded by Lord Burghersh in 1822 with the help and ideas of the French eccentric harpist and composer Nicolas Bochsa and in 1830 was in London, where they continue to teach. They record for Supraphon (their eighth CD contains a modern and very highly rated performance of both Smetana's quartets). They have caused a sensation with their collaborative projects with the experimental folk violinist and singer Iva Bittova (recordings of Romany and Moravian folk music folk music: see folk song.
Music held to be typical of a nation or ethnic group, known to all segments of its society, and preserved usually by oral tradition. Knowledge of the history and development of folk music is largely conjectural. and jazz, and particularly their own arrangement of Janacek's Moravian folk poetry in songs recorded on CD for Supraphon). The quartet regularly takes part in broadcasts on BBC radio, and their "BBC Lunchtime Course" with Melvyn Tan was chosen as the first CD in the "Live from the Wigmore Hall" series of recordings on the BBC international label. The Skampa Quartet also appeared on the BBC programme "Classic Cafe", broadcast live from the Royal Opera House in Covent Garden Covent Garden (kŭv`ənt), area in London historically containing the city's principal fruit and garden market and the Royal Opera House. as part of the celebrations for its reopening. In the words of one reviewer, "Everything they play, they play with a grasp that corresponds to the time when the work was written. Their approach to performance is based not just on knowledge of one piece or another, but on complete union with it. This is strikingly evident in the recording of the two Janacek quartets, their interpretation of which, as we can judge from comparison with dozens of others, is new in the sense of a kind of "return to Janacek". The quartet players have tracked down a number of Janacek's comments from letters and notes, and interrogated as far as possible all the available sources, including recorded verbal statements about the composer's idea of the content of the work or its performance. A concert programme based on these "journeys of exploration" which they present under the title Janacek and his Moravian roots, is worth mentioning in this context." Their discography also includes quartets by Haydn, Beethoven and Brahms.
The New Vlach Quartet
The New Vlach Quartet (The Vlach Quartet Prague) continues and identifies primarily with the musical legacy of the famous violinist, conductor and teacher Josef Vlach, leader of the Vlach Quartet. This exceptional musician presided over the birth of the New Vlach Quartet and had a decisive influence on its musical development. The quartet was founded in 1982 and consisted then, as it did until recently, of Jana Vlachova--1 st violin, Karel Stadtherr--2nd violin, Petr Verner--viola and Mikael Ericsson--cello. In 2006 P. Verner was succeeded by Georg Haag. Just a year later after its formation the quartet won the prize for the best performance of a contemporary piece at the competition in Kromeriz. In 1985 it then achieved another major success with a prize and laureate's title at the international string quartet competition in Portsmouth in England. In 1988 the quartet was invited by the Hindemith Foundation to Switzerland to take part in international master courses led by the celebrated Melos Quartet The Melos Quartet is a German string quartet based in Stuttgart that was in existence from 1965 to 2005.
They took their name from the ancient Greek word for music, which is also the root of the word melody. . Four years later (1992) it had the chance to discuss and develop its conception particularly of German classics at master classes with outstanding professors--F. Beyer (Munich), E. Feltz (Berlin) and Chr. Poppen (Detmold). In 1995 the quartet was chosen to record the complete chamber works of A. Dvorak on 15 CDs for the label NAXOS. In 1997-1999 the Vlach Quartet was the resident Salamanca-Hall ensemble in Gif in Japan and in 2000 it won the prestigious German critics' "Preis der Deutschen Schallplattenkritik" for its recording of the double album Esquisses Hebraiques with the distinguished clarinettist Dieter Klocker. All the members of the New Vlach Quartet are also active soloists and in addition to their main activity in the quartet form the core of the Czech Chamber Orchestra (see below).
The Kubin Quartet
The remarkable and distinctive tradition of Moravian chamber ensembles, which started with the Moravian Quartet and continued particularly with the above mentioned Janacek Quartet, has found a worthy heir in TALZIE, HEIR IN. Scotch law. Heirs of talzie or tailzie, are heirs of estates entailed. 1 Bell's Com. 47. the form of the Ostrava Kubin Quartet: Ludek Cap, Jan Niederle--violin, Pavel Vitek--viola, Jiri Zednicek--cello, which was formed in 1972 when its members were studying at the Janacek Academy of Performing Arts (JAMU) in Brno. Their teacher was Adolf Sykora, a member of the Janacek Quartet. After the usual stage of participation in various competitions, the quartet was deservedly given the opportunity to appear in major concert halls in most European countries. They then made Ostrava their base and decided to promote the chamber works of the composer associated with this region, Rudolf Kubin and to take his name. The quartet has given concerts all over Europe and presented the full range of quartet repertoire in its programmes. Great credit must go to an ensemble that for three decades has formed awareness of chamber music in one region and so carried the torch of continuity for more than one generation of listeners. Its discography includes an exemplary recording of the quartets of Leos Janacek and also Vitezslav Novak's String Quartet in D major op. 35, and the string quartets of C. A. Nielsen and K. Ditters.
The Kapralova Quartet
The only Czech string quartet made up entirely of women was founded in 1995 initially with the name Venus Quartet (Rita Cepurcenko, Simona Hurnikova--violins, Svetlana Jahodova--viola, Margit Klepacova--cello). The quartet differs markedly from the usual pattern in having been formed not while its members were studying but roughly ten years later, when they were already mature performers in their thirties. After two years working together the quartet travelled to a festival in Israel, then appeared in Paris and subsequently made a concert tour of Spain. In 2001 the ensemble won 3rd Prize when they entered a recording in a competition organised by Radio de France and the success substantially increased their fame and popularity. As a result, the Vitezslava Kapralova Society based in Ontario in Canada, approached the Venus Quartet and suggested that the all-female ensemble change its name to that of the world famous Czech woman composer. If we want to characterise what is distinctive about the music of the Kapralova Quartet, however, it is certainly not simply that it is a female quartet. The strong profile of quartet leader Rita Cepurcenko, the first woman to be concert master of the FOK Prague Symphony Orchestra, sets the tone, artistic standard and emotional quality of the whole group. Abroad the quartet records for FCE FCE First Certificate in English
FCE Final Cut Express (Apple video editing suite)
FCE Facultad de Ciencias Económicas (Spanish)
FCE Functional Capacity Evaluation
FCE Florida Coastal Everglades Lucemburg, and at home for the Czech companies This is a list of Czech corporations:
The Pavel Haas Quartet The Pavel Haas Quartet is a string quartet founded in 2002, since when it has a won a number of international awards.
Named after the Czech composer Pavel Haas (1899–1944), who was deported from Czechoslovakia in 1941 and died in the Auschwitz concentration camp, the
Consists of the violinists Veronika Jaruskova and Katerina Gemrotova, the viola player Pavel Nikl and the cellist Peter Jarusek. They are laureates of the Prague Spring Competition 2005 and winners of the Premio Paolo Borciani. V. Jaruskova and Peter Jarusek studied in Bratislava and in 1995 moved to the Prague Academy of Performing Arts, where they completed their training. Peter Jarusek played for five years in the internationally successful Skampa Quartet, while in 2002 Veronika Jaruskova founded the Pavel Haas Quartet. The Pavel Haas Quartet, named after the outstanding composer and pupil of Leos Janacek, has existed with the same members since 2004. Since its founding it has been invited to the prestigious Academia di Musica della Quartetto in Florence and in 2003 it also appeared in London's Wigmore Hall with the Skampa Quartet playing Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy's Octet op. 20. It won the prestigious Rimbotti Prize at the competition in Fiesole by Florence, part of the prize being an important concert in the Teatro della Pergolla. In April last year, quite soon after the competition, the quartet used an opportunity provided by the ProQuartet study programme to start working with Walter Levin, a member of the LaSalle Quartet The LaSalle Quartet was a string quartet active from 1946 to 1987. It was founded by first violinist Walter Levin. The quartet played on a donated set of Amati instruments. . Together with the Bemewitz and Zemlinsky Quartet and with other young ensembles they then took part in performance of all the Beethoven quartets in Basle and Milan under Walter Levin's direction. (See also CM 4/2005)
The Bennewitz Quartet
The Bennewitz Quartet was founded in Prague in 1998 and its members are top instrumentalists of the upcoming generation. It consists of Jiri Nemecek, Stepan Jezek--violins, Jiri Pinkas--viola and Stepan Dolezal--cello and after studying at Prague's Academy of Performing Arts they have gained valuable experience at master courses and a number of prizes at international competitions. The quartet has the honour to bear the name of the important Czech teacher and violinist Antonin Bennewitz, who was the first director of the Prague Conservatory. His teaching legacy is one of the corner stones of the Czech school of violin playing. In 1999 the Bennewitz Quartet took part in the international Beethoven's Hradec competition in Hradec nad Moravici, where it won 2nd Prize. In December of the same year the young performers attended master classes led by Mstislav Rostropovich Mstislav Leopoldovich Rostropovich KBE (Russian: Мстисла́в Леопо́льдович . They have also taken part in many international master courses in Reichenau in Austria, studying under members of world-famous quartets. They concluded their studies with a period in Spain in the years 2002-2004 with Reiner Schmidt, a member of the Hagen Quartet The Hagen Quartet was founded in 1981 by four siblings (Lukas, Angelika, Veronika and Clemens) in Salzburg, Austria.
Its current members are:
The Zemlinsky Quartet
This ensemble is one of the youngest successful Czech quartets. The Zemlinsky Quartet (previously performing as the Penguin Quartet) consists of Frantisek Soucek, Petr Strizek--violins, Petr Holman--viola and Vladimir Fortin--cello, and since it was formed in 1994 it has been carrying forward the rich tradition of the Czech quartet school. It won 3rd Prize and the Prize of the Public at the international string quartet competition in London (2006) and is a laureate of the Prague Spring international string quartet competition (2005). During their studies at the Prague Conservatory and later at the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague, the ensemble was taught by members of renowned Czech chamber groups--the Prague Quartet and the Talich, Kocian and Prazak Quartets. It has also taken part in master courses both at home and abroad. Current consultants to the quartet include the Kocian Quartet's cellist V. Bernasek and the Prazak Quartet's viola player J. Kluson. Currently the quartet is studying with the leader of the LaSalle Quartet, W. Levin, at the Musikakademie Basel (Switzerland) where next year the members of the ensemble will also be working as his assistants.
The Guarneri Trio
The Guarneri Trio Prague is composed of three internationally recognised players: Ivan Klansky--piano, Cenek Pavlik--violin, Marek Jerie--cello. Formed in 1986, it is now without doubt one of our top ensembles and has a very wide repertoire, although it inclines more to Romantic than to more modern music and includes works by Antonin Dvorak and Dmitri Shostakovich. All three of the trios by Ludwig van Beethoven and the trios of Franz Schubert are part of the core repertoire, and also Smetana, Martinu, Suk SUK Sveriges Unga Katoliker (Swedens Young Catholics) and Lubos Fiser. They have made some milestone recordings for Supraphon, including a complete set of the trios of Beethoven and Shostakovich for the French label Praga. As is usual with outstanding piano trios, all the players also have solo careers. The marvellous sound of the ensemble is linked to its name: C. Pavlik plays an instrument made by Guarneri del Gesu from Luigi Tarisio's collection and M. Jerie plays a cello cello or 'cello: see violin.
Bowed, stringed instrument, the bass member of the violin family. Its full name means “little violone”—i.e., “little big viol. made by Andrea Guarneri Noun 1. Andrea Guarneri - founder of a family of Italian violin makers (1626?-1698)
Guarneri, Guarnerius, Guarnieri in 1684. The pianist Ivan Klansky, considers solo and chamber play to be "the ideal combination": "You learn to think in different dimensions and colours. What is more I then master the easier parts of chamber music fast and to a good standard. The technical and musical difficulty of Chopin concerts and Prokofiev sonatas The following is a list of musical pieces that belong to the category, Sonata. Classical (ca 1760 – ca 1830)
The Smetana Trio
The predecessor of today's Smetana Trio (Jana Vonaskova-Novakova--violin, Jan Palenicek--cello, Jitka Cechova--piano) was the famous trio of the same name in the 1930s, which was renamed the Czech Trio in 1945 and consisted of the pianist Josef Palenicek, the violinist Alexandr Plocek and the cellist Frantisek Smetana. After Smetana's emigration emigration: see immigration; migration. he was replaced in the ensemble by Milos Sadlo. Their models of the time were no less than the ensemble of great names Cortot-Thibaud-Casals. In 1992 the pianist's son Jan Palenicek, after years of playing in the Ars Trio (renamed the Czech Trio after the death of Josef Palenicek in 1992), founded a new trio that took over the title Smetana Trio from the hands of former members of the original ensemble, Prof. Vaclav Snitil, Stanislav Apolin and Josef Hala. Musical education in Czech schools supplemented by studies abroad has been a typical feature of the artistic growth of the ensemble. On the model of the former Smetana Trio, they conceive their concerts as combinations of trio and solo pieces. Jana Vonaskova-Novakova studied at the Prague Conservatory with Jindrich Pazdera and in March 2000 won the Talent of the Year competition carrying the prize of a year's study at the Royal College of Music The Royal College of Music is a prestigious music school located in Kensington, London. Origins
The college building was designed by Sir Arthur Blomfield. in London. She then won an Orpheus Scholarship, which allowed her to continue studying under Felix Andrievsky. She took part in master courses given by Robert Szreder, Sherban Lupu and Joshuy Epstein. In 2000 she emerged the absolute winner at the Lublin international competition for young violinists (2000) and a year later she was awarded a European Prize in Strasburg. She has been a member of the Smetana Trio since 2003. Jitka Cechova graduated from the classes led by Jan Novotny and Petr Toperczer, and continued with postgraduate studies in Paris under Eugen Indjic and Vitali Berzon in Freiburg, as well as master courses with Rudolf Kehrer Rudolf Kehrer () (July 10, 1923 -) is a much-recorded German classical pianist.
Kehrer was born in Tiflis, Georgia to a family of piano-makers who had emigrated from Swabia, Germany. , Eugen Indjic and Lazar Berman Lazar Naumovich Berman (Russian Лазарь Наумович Берман, Lasari Naumovič Berman . Jan Palenicek was trained under Sasi Vectomov and Milos Miloš, prince of Serbia
Miloš or Milosh (Miloš Obrenović) (both: mĭ`lôsh ōbrĕ`nəvĭch) Sadl, and his musical development was then enhanced by contact with Paul Tortellier and in chamber music with Josef Vlach. Today in addition to playing in the trio he teaches at the conservatory and at the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague. Among Smetana Trio's many CDs for different recording companies we should at least mention his most recent Supraphon CD of works by B. Smetana, J. Suk and V. Novak (2005), which won prestigious awards from the French magazines Diapason and Le Monde n. 1. The world; a globe as an ensign of royalty.
Le beau monde
fashionable society. See Beau monde.
See Demimonde. de la musique La Musique is a private institution established in 1985 in Paarl, South Africa. External links
The Czech Clarinet Quartet
The Czech Clarinet Quartet is a remarkable example of a completely original ensemble that is breaking down barriers between genres and styles while at the same time ably performing the established repertoire of classical music of all the principal stylistic periods. Bass clarinettist and tenor saxophonist Noun 1. tenor saxophonist - a musician who plays the tenor saxophone
saxist, saxophonist - a musician who plays the saxophone Petr Valasek has exceptional improvisational and multi-instrumental gifts that have led him to work mainly with jazz musicians This is a list of jazz musicians on whom Wikipedia has articles. Some of the most notable jazz musicians
A strong creative impulse, especially as a result of divine inspiration.
[Latin affl Wind Quintet A wind quintet, also sometimes known as a woodwind quintet, is a group of five wind players (most commonly flute, oboe, clarinet, (French) horn and bassoon). The term also applies to a composition for such a group. (see below), Ludek Boura who is a member of the orchestra of the State Opera in Prague who plays clarinet and basset-horn, and Jindrich Pavlis, clarinettist of the Prague Chamber Philharmonic. The members of the ensemble often stress that in the music of recent years, genre, ethnic and psychological boundaries no longer apply, and that the musicians who earlier combined folk music, jazz, and rock were showing the way forward. The members of the Czech Clarinet Quartet are musicians of this kind. The group consists of three clarinets and bass clarinet, with an E-flat clarinet or Mozartian basset-horn used in some pieces. They have developed a repertoire chosen from the widest possible range of epochs and styles (from the Renaissance to Jazz and modern music) which they arrange for their instruments themselves. The players' perceptiveness, excellent technique and feeling gives them lightness and ease in jazz moods, urgency and depth in classical parts, and a spiritualised and ethereal ethereal /ethe·re·al/ (e-ther´e-il)
1. pertaining to, prepared with, containing, or resembling ether.
2. evanescent; delicate.
1. quality in medieval Jewish songs. Their own compositions and the premieres of works by contemporary composers give their repertoire another dimension. Some of their programmes have also involved collaboration with other top Czech performers (they recorded the CD "Tenerife Blues" with the jazz singer Jana Koubkova). It is worth mentioning their rare capacity for improvisation improvisation
Creation of music in real time. Improvisation usually involves some preparation beforehand, particularly when there is more than one performer. Despite the central place of notated music in the Western tradition, improvisation has often played a role, from the even in treatment of the classics, showing the influence of jazz and recently exploration of the potential of electronics applied to classical music. The Czech Clarinet Quartet is an original, lively and successful ensemble, as is clear from the invitations that they receive from important festivals. The instrumental piece Orlik from their CD Ozveny z kamene [Echoes of Stone] was the winner at the International Songwriting Competition, organised from Nashville in the USA.
The Czech Chamber Orchestra
The Czech Chamber Orchestra adopted the name of the ensemble founded by Vaclav Talich which existed in the years 1946-1948 (see above). Josef Vlach, the first violin in the orchestra, Talich's pupil and colleague and leader and founder of the Vlach Quartet, took up Talich's idea again after ten years, and in 1957 became the teacher and director of the new orchestra. As teacher, violinist and conductor, Josef Vlach trained generations of young musicians who were to become performers in leading Czech orchestras and chamber ensembles and to carry forward his and Vaclav Talich's musical ideals. The musical director of the Czech Chamber Orchestra, Jana Vlachova and its conductor Ondrej Kukal base their work on the belief that the chamber orchestra should work on the same principles as the string quartet. In 2002 the CCO (Chief or Corporate Compliance Officer) The executive person in charge of compliance issues, regulatory requirements, internal controls and managing audits within an enterprise or organization. (CKO (Chief Knowledge Officer) The executive officer responsible for exchanging knowledge within an organization. CKOs determine how research storehouses and all other expertise throughout the enterprise can be shared by all departments. ) started to work with the German conductor Andreas Weiser as well, and it was with Weiser that it made a successful trip to Luxemburg where it collaborated with the "Theatre mimo magique" (France) on a work by the contemporary composer Phil Glass, presented at the Prague Spring 2004, at the festival in Saint Etienne Saint Etienne is the name of:
1. One versed in the classics; a classical scholar.
2. An adherent of classicism.
3. An advocate of the study of ancient Greek and Latin.
Noun 1. pieces to contemporary music. The Czech Chamber Orchestra works closely with the Jan Neruda Jan Nepomuk Neruda (IPA: [ˈjan ˈnɛpomuk ˈnɛruda]) (July 9, 1834 – August 22, 1891) was a Czech journalist, writer and poet, one of the most prominent representatives of Czech Realism and a member High School in Prague, accompany graduates of its music classes at school concerts and support young musicians starting out on their careers.
The Prague Chamber Orchestra without Conductor
As the name suggests the orchestra is distinctive for frequently performing without a conductor. It is an experience that creates a very different kind of sympathy and solidarity among the players, with each relating not to a conductor's baton but to the ensemble as a whole. They also play pieces for larger ensembles without a conductor, including high classical music and 20th-century music. The PCO PCO 1 Patient complains of 2 Polycystic ovaries, see there (PKO PKO Polska Kasa Opieki (Polish bank)
PKO Peace Keeping Operations
PKO Palm Kernel Oil
PKO Pirate King Online
PKO Public Key Organization
PKO Public Key Security Object ) was formed on the initiative of players from the first benches of the Czechoslovak Radio Symphony Orchestra in Prague at the end of the 1950s (it has been an independent ensemble since 1965) with the aim of concentrating specifically on older music, which requires a smaller ensemble. Repertoire possibilities for this kind of chamber orchestra open up mainly in the music of Classicism (Haydn, Mozart, early Beethoven), but extend back into the epoch of the High Baroque (Bach, Handel, Vivaldi), and forward into Early Romanticism romanticism, term loosely applied to literary and artistic movements of the late 18th and 19th cent. Characteristics of Romanticism
Resulting in part from the libertarian and egalitarian ideals of the French Revolution, the romantic movements had (Mendelssohn, Schubert) as well as being abundant in 20th-century music (Britten, Honegger, Prokofiev, Stravinsky). The music of the early Czech masters, of course, represents a whole chapter in itself, including such composers as Michna, Zelenka, Stamic, Benda, Dusek, Myslivecek, Vanhal, Kozeluh, Vranicky, Rejcha, Jirovec and Vorisek. Over the fifty years of its life so far the orchestra has recorded innumerable titles for Supraphon, Denon, BMG BMG Bundesministerium für Gesundheit (Germand: Federal Ministry for Health)
BMG Be My Girl
BMG Blue Man Group
BMG Bertelsmann Music Group
BMG Be My Guest
BMG Browning Machine Gun
BMG Bulk Metallic Glass , Decca, Telarc and other labels and many of its records have won important awards. For many soloists, playing with the PKO provides a tempting opportunity not just to perform their own part but to try the experience of leading the orchestra. This method of work, entirely commonplace in the past, does not appeal to every soloist, however, and in these cases the task of co-ordinating the orchestra is taken by the concert master. In the PKO the concert master has a key role as the musical leader who gives the play of the whole ensemble its final form. Currently the PCO is led by concert master Antonin Hradil.
The Talich Chamber Orchestra
The Talich Chamber Orchestra is a strikingly young ensemble which was formed in 1992 on the initiative of the violinist Jan Talich junior, great-nephew of the legendary Czech conductor Vaclav Talich. While originally a violinist, he has devoted a large part of his professional career to conducting an orchestra that consists of successful graduates of the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague and laureates of many competitions at home and abroad. Today the Talich Chamber Orchestra ranks among top chamber ensembles on the international scene. This is partly thanks to work with leading conductors such as Sir Charles Mackerras Sir Alan Charles Maclaurin Mackerras AC CH CBE (b. November 17 1925) is an Australian conductor. He is known as the leader of English National Opera and its predecessor, and as the director of the Welsh National Opera. . The TCO (1) (Total Cost of Ownership) The cost of using a computer. It includes the cost of the hardware, software and upgrades as well as the cost of the inhouse staff and/or consultants that provide training and technical support. See ROI. (TKO) also performs with our best soloists and with major soloists from abroad like Shlomo Mintz Shlomo Mintz (born 30-10-1957 Moscow) is a highly regarded Israeli violin virtuoso, violist and conductor.
Worldwide he is praised for his impeccable musicianship, stylistic versatility and commanding technique alike.
Mr. (violin) or Michel Lethiec (clarinet). It has recorded CDs for Czech and foreign companies (including French EMI Records EMI Records is a record label, founded by EMI in 1972 as the successor label to the Columbia label. The global success that EMI enjoyed with pop music in the 1960s also exposed trade mark issues as EMI only had the rights to some of its trade marks, most notably His Master's Voice ) and is currently engaged in its own CD projects. In the Czech Republic its recordings include a CD collection containing works from the Baroque to the 20th century, from Bach's Brandenburg Concertos The Brandenburg concertos by Johann Sebastian Bach (BWV 1046–1051, original title: Six Concerts Avec plusieurs Instruments) are a collection of six instrumental works presented by Bach to Christian Ludwig, margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt to Strauss's Metamorphoses and Schoenberg's Transfigured Night. Its concert season combines older and contemporary pieces in a well thought out manner. For the 250th anniversary of the birth of W.A. Mozart the TCO recorded a new CD of pieces for violin and orchestra, with Jan Talich taking the solo part.
Virtuosi di Praga
The Virtuosi di Praga Chamber Orchestra was founded by the violinist and conductor Oldrich Vlcek in 1990 and soon became a top ensemble on the international scene. The originally small group developed into a body that has been the partner of stars like Placido Domingo Noun 1. Placido Domingo - Spanish operatic tenor noted for performances in operas by Verdi and Puccini (born in 1941)
Domingo , Igor Oistrakh Igor Oistrakh (Игорь Ойстрах) (born April 27, 1931) is a Ukrainian violinist.
He was born in Odessa, Ukraine and is the son of violinist David Oistrakh. , Jose Cura CURA Community-University Research Alliance
CURA Centre Universitaire de Recherche en Astrologie
CURA Cambridge University Rifle Association and Mstislav Rostropovich. The orchestra has a wide-ranging repertoire from Bach and Vivaldi through Vejvanovsky, Myslivecek, Mozart, Haydn, Rossini, and Beethoven right up to the music of the 20th century. It often performs with leading Czech choirs (The Prague Philharmonic and Prague Chamber Choir The Prague Chamber Choir (Pražský komorní sbor) is a Czech choir founded in 1990 by singers of the Prague Philharmonic Choir. It has given concerts in Australia, Brazil, Israel, Japan, Lebanon and many European countries. ), and has presented great oratorio oratorio (ôrətôr`ēō), musical composition employing chorus, orchestra, and soloists and usually, but not necessarily, a setting of a sacred libretto without stage action or scenery. works such as Haydn's The Creation, Handel's Messiah or Acis and Galatea
Plural of pons. International Music Festival.
Chamber Ensembles Connected with the Czech Philharmonic
The large number of ensembles that have been formed from members of the Czech Philharmonic provides a good example of the way in which chamber and orchestral play naturally complement each other. Something similar can be observed with other orchestras, since like music schools the orchestra is the most natural place for the birth of these ensembles even if their activities are at the same time limited by players' obligations to the orchestra. If we look, for example, at a recent publication to mark the 110th anniversary of the Czech Philharmonic (Yvetta Kolackova et al., The Czech Philharmonic 100 plus 10), we find that many of the first instrumentalists are recorded as members of more than one chamber group as well.
The concert master Bohumil Kotmel was a member of the ensembles Czech Chamber Soloists, the Bohuslav Martinu Piano Quartet, Pro arte antiqua and the Sextet of Czech Philharmonics. The second concert master of the CP Miroslav Vilimec limits himself "just" to violin repertoire with piano accompaniment, with his brother Vladislav Vilimec as accompanist. The notable Duo di basso consists of the first CP cellist Frantisek Host and the first double-bass player Jiri Hudec. In 2004 the CP cello group followed the example of other major international orchestras and formed the independent ensemble Virtuosi di basso, for which there is also an extensive repertoire. The viola player Karel Spelina was an outstanding chamber musician as is the current first viola of the CP Jaroslav Pondelicek. The orchestra is also fertile ground for the formation of duos of different instruments; let us mention for example the popular combination of harp and flute and the Duo Bouskova--Novotny or Englichova--Machat (although Englichova is not a member of the CP).
The activities of wind players in chamber groups are even more conspicuous and have a long tradition in such groups as the Czech Philharmonic Wind Quintet and Wind Octet, and also the Czech Nonet no·net
1. A combination of nine instruments or voices.
2. A composition written for such a combination.
[Italian nonetto, from diminutive of nono, ninth , the Academic Wind Quintet, the Prague Wind Quintet, the Czech Philharmonic Harmony, the Czech Wind Harmony, the Harmony Rudolfinum, Ars instrumentalis pragensis, the Collegium musicum The Collegium Musicum was one of several types of musical societies that arose in German and German-Swiss cities and towns during the Reformation and thrived into the mid-18th century. pragense, the Prague French Horn French horn, brass wind musical instrument. Fundamentally a metal tube of narrow conical bore, it is curved into circles because of its great length. The horn ends in a wide flare. It is a development (c.1650) of the small hunting horn. Trio, the Czech Horn Quintet and others. Here we also find ensembles devoted to early music, like the Prague Baroque Ensemble and Ars revidiva. Among wind groups whose members are also orchestral players, two have a quite outstanding reputation: In modo camerale and above all the Afflatus Quintet. These are a little different in the sense that they were formed before their members joined the orchestra.
The Afflatus Quintet is the only Czech ensemble ever to have won the prestigious ARD Competition in Munich (September 1997). Statistics show the large number of successful concerts given by the Afflatus Quintet at home and abroad (Berlin, Stuttgart, Munich, Hamburg Hamburg, city, Germany
Hamburg (häm`brkh), officially Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg (Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg), city (1994 pop. , Brussels, Paris, Japan, international festivals in Finland and Switzerland etc.) A number of CDs already show the breadth of its repertoire: Taffanel, Milhaud, Ibert, Francaix, but also Rejcha, Foerster, Dvorak, and Haydn, Hindemith, Blumer, Klughardt or Maurice Ravel--Revolution 21 as well as W.A. Mozart of course. Taking just a brief view of its listed repertoire we find more than fifty pieces by thirty composers, starting with Mozart and ending, for example, with Jan Klusak (see CM 4/2004) or Ligeti. Contemporary composers are even writing pieces directly for the Afflatus Quintet. All its members (flautist Roman Novotny--CP, oboist Jana Brozkova--CP, clarinettist Vojtech Nydl--Prague Chamber Philharmonic, bassoonist Ondrej Roskovec--CP, and horn player Radek Baborak--Berliner Philharmoniker) are united in the view that playing in the quintet is very difficult compared not only to play the orchestra, but also to play in other chamber groups, but it is precisely the challenge that appeals to them. All of them see chamber play as a welcome complement and indeed opposite pole to orchestral play.
In modo camerale was formed when its members were still studying at the Prague Conservatory and in 1984 the ensemble won its first laurels at the Concertino con·cer·ti·no
n. pl. con·cer·ti·nos
1. A short concerto.
2. The solo group in a concerto grosso.
[Italian, diminutive of concerto, concert; see Praga competition for young musicians. It collaborated successfully first with the pianist Tomas Visek, and subsequently Daniel Wiesner. It consists of the oboist Jana Brozkova, solo oboe oboe (ō`bō, ō`boi) [Ital., from Fr. hautbois] or hautboy (ō`boi, hō`–), woodwind instrument of conical bore, its mouthpiece having a double reed. of the CP and also a member of the Afflatus Quintet, the clarinettist Ludmila Peterkova, who is also engaged on a solo career, and the CP bassoonist Jaroslav Kubita. Their recordings of French music and of the chamber works of Bohuslav Martinu, which won them an award from the French Diapason magazine, are particularly remarkable. They are laureates of the competition in Osaka and hold the prize of the Czech Society for Chamber music, among other awards.
It will be clear that this article is not intended to offer an exhaustive list, but simply to give readers an idea of the breadth and diversity of the Czech chamber music scene today. There are many other ensembles of high quality besides those that have been described above. Among piano trios, for example, we might mention the Prague Trio or the Bohemia Bohemia, Czech Čechy, historic region (20,368 sq mi/52,753 sq km) and former kingdom, in W and central Czech Republic. Bohemia is bounded by Austria in the southeast, by Germany in the west and northwest, by Poland in the north and northeast, and by Trio, and among the younger generation the remarkable Trio Concertino or ArteMiss Trio, as well as trios consisting of another instruments such as the Belle Epoque belle é·poque
An era of artistic and cultural refinement in a society, especially in France at the beginning of the 20th century.
[French : belle, beautiful + époque, era.] with flute, cello and piano. Among string quartets we might mention the Martinu Quartet, the Dolezal Quartet, the Kocian Quartet, the M. Nostiz Quartet, the Apollon Quartet, the Herold Quartet or Kubelik Quartet or the continuing tradition of the Janacek Quartet and the Moravian Quartet with entirely different musicians. In the case of wind instruments we shall find other less usual instrumental combinations: the Czech Saxophone saxophone, musical instrument invented in the 1840s by Adolphe Sax. Although it uses the single reed of the clarinet family, it has a conical tube and is made of metal. Quartet or the Czech Horn Quartet, the Brno Brass Band and so on and so forth. We could of course continue with many other examples. As well as a great tradition, which to some extent still remains to be mapped, Czech chamber music has a tremendously interesting and colorful present and much can be expected of it in the future.
compiled by JINDRICH BALEK