Cut-off and toxicity levels for drugs-of-abuse testing.This table summarizes information useful in the interpretation of drugs-of-abuse assays. It was developed by Daniel Daniel, book of the Bible
Daniel, book of the Bible. It combines "court" tales, perhaps originating from the 6th cent. B.C., and a series of apocalyptic visions arising from the time of the Maccabean emergency (167–164 B.C. M. Baer, MD, Professor Emeritus e·mer·i·tus
Retired but retaining an honorary title corresponding to that held immediately before retirement: a professor emeritus.
n. pl. of Pathology pathology, study of the cause of disease and the modifications in cellular function and changes in cellular structure produced in any cell, organ, or part of the body by disease. , Oregon Oregon, city, United States
Oregon, city (1990 pop. 18,334), Lucas co., NW Ohio, a suburb adjacent to Toledo, on Lake Erie; inc. 1958. It is a port with railroad-owned and -operated docks. The city has industries producing oil, chemicals, and metal products. Health Sciences University, Portland Portland, town, England
Portland, town (1991 pop. 12,945), Dorset, S England. It is on the Isle of Portland, a small rocky peninsula. Portland stone has been used in St. Paul's Cathedral and other important London buildings. Lobsters and crabs are harvested. OR, and updated by Richard Ri·chard , Joseph Henri Maurice Known as "Rocket." 1921-2000.
Canadian hockey player. A right wing for the Montreal Canadiens (1942-1960), he led his team to eight Stanley Cup championships and was the first player to score 50 goals in a A. Paulson Paulson may refer to:
American army engineer and parliamentary authority. He designed the defenses for Washington, D.C., during the Civil War and later wrote Robert's Rules of Order (1876).
Noun 1. H. Williams, PhD, DABCC DABCC Dona Ana Branch Community College
DABCC Diplomate of the American Board of Clinical Chemistry
DABCC Diplomate of the American Board of Chiropractic Consultants
DABCC Douglas Albert Brown Computer Company , FACB FacB Facilitair Bedrijf (Dutch)
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Quest Diagnostics is a member of the Fortune 500 and the S&P 500. , Incorporated and Clinical Associate Professor and Pathology, University of South Floride, both in Tampa Tampa (tăm`pə), city (1990 pop. 280,015), seat of Hillsborough co., W Fla., a port of entry with an impressive harbor on Tampa Bay; inc. 1855. , FL
Drug (and trade name) Some common street names OPIATES Heroin Horse (Diacetylmorphine) Stuff, Smack, Junk, Morphine M, (Duramorph) Junk, Morpho, White stuff Methadone Methadose (Dolophine, Amidone) Mepreidine Fortis, (Demerol, Pethidine) Demies Codeine Rabo, (Analgesics with codeine) School boy Propoxyphena Yellow, (Darvon, Darvocet-N) Footballs Oxycodone Oxy, (Oxycontin, OxylR, Percocet, Oxycotton, Percodan) Killer HALLUCINOGENS Lysergic acide, Acid, diethylamide Microdot, (LSD) White lightning Marijuana and Marijuana, cannabinoids Hashish, Bhang, Ganja, Sandemilla Phencyclidine PCP, Angel dust, Killer weed, Hog STIMULANTS Cocaine Coke, Crack, Flake, Snow Amphetamine Speed, (Benzedrine, Dexedrine) Bennies, Uppers, Dexies Methylene-3, 4 Ecstasy, dioxy-Methamphetamine Adam, (MDMA) XTC, Love drug, Hug drug Methamphetamine Speed, (Desoxyn, Methedrine) Meth, Crystal ice, Crank BARBITURATES Drug (and trade name) Some common street names Pentobarbital Goof balls, (Nembutal) Downers, Nembies, Yellow jackets, Yellow submarine Secobarbital Bullets, (Seconal) Pink ladies, Reds Butabarbital Goof balls, (Butisol) Candy, Peanuts, Stoppers Butalbital Goof balls, (Florinal) Sleepers, Stoppers, Peanuts Phenobarbital Barbs, ALCOHOLS, DIOLS, & METABOLITES Ethanol Downers Booze, Hooch Methanol Wood alcohol Isopropanol Rubbing alcohol Acetone Ethylene Glycol Antifreeze SEDATIVES/HYPNOTICS/ANESTHETICS Diazepam Tranks, (Valium) Downers, Blues, Yellows, Blue Magoo, V Oxazapam Tranks, (Serax) Downers, Blues, Yellows Alprazolam Tranks, (Xanax) Downers, Blues, Yellows Clonazepam Tranks, (Klonopin) Downers, Blues, Yellows Chlordiazepoxide Tranks, (Librium) Downers, Blues, Yellows Lorazepam Tranks, (Ativan, Loraz) Downers, Blues, Yellows Flunitrazepam Roofies, (Rohyphol) Rib, Rope Roach-2, R-2 Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate GHB, (Somatomax) G-Caps, Geebers, Fantasy, Liquid Ecstasy Ketamine Special K, Hydrochloride Lady Kay, (Ketajet) Vitamin K, Jet, Cat Valium Drug (and trade name) Detectable duration in urine after last dose OPTIATES Heroin 1-2 days (Diacetylmorphine) (total opiate) (S) (1) 150 ng/mL (S) (2) (as 6-monacetyl morphine) 18 ng/mL (C) (3) (as 6-monocetyl morphine) Morphine 2 days (Duramorph) Methadone 3 days (Dolophine, Amidone) Mepreidine 2-3 days (Demerol, Pethidine) Codeine 2 days (Analgesics with codeine) Propoxyphena 6 hours to 2 days (Darvon, Darvocet-N) Oxycodone 1-3 days (Oxycontin, OxylR, Percocet, Percodan) HALLUCINOGENS Lysergic 1-5 days acid, diethylamide (LSD) Marijuana and Single use: cannabinoids 2-7 days (as [DELTA]9-THC-COOH) Prolonged use: 1-2 months (as [DELTA]9-THC-COOH) Phencyclidine Single use: 1 week Prolonged use: 2-4 weeks STIMULANTS Cocaine Single use: 3 days Prolonged use: 4 days Amphetamine Single use: (Benzedrine, 48 hours Dexedrine) Prolonged use: 7-10 days Methylene-3, 4 Single use: dioxy-Methamphetamine Urine: 24 hours (MDMA) Plasma: 5-6 hours Methamphetamine Single use: (Desoxyn, Methedrine) 48 hours Prolonged use: 7-10 days BARBITURATES Pentobarbital 2 days (Nembutal) Secobarbital 2 days (Seconal) Butabarbital 2 days (Butisol) Butalbital 2 days (Florinal) Phenobarbital 1-3 weeks ALCOHOLS, DIOLS, & METABOLITES Ethanol < 1 day Methanol < 1 day Isopropanol < 1 day Acetone < 1 day Ethylene Glycol < 1 day SEDATIVES/ HYPNOTICS/ANESTHETICS Diazepam Single use: (Valium) Not detected Prolonged use: 5-7 days (up to 30 days) Oxazapam Single use: (Serax) Not detected Prolonged use: 5-7 days Alprazolam Single use: (Xanax) Not detected Prolonged use: 5-7 days Clonazepam Single use: (Klonopin) Not detected Prolonged use: 5-14 days Chlordiazepoxide Single use: (Librium) Not detected Prolonged use: 5-7 days Lorazepam Single use: (Ativan, Loraz) Not detected Prolonged use: 5-7 days Flunitrazepam 72 hours (Rohyphol) Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate 12 hours (Somatomax) Ketamine < 72 hours Hydrochloride (Ketajet) Drug (and trade name) Urine cut-off Toxic blood points for level reporting positive or limit of quantitation * OPIATES Heroin 2000 ng/mL > 200 mg/mL (Diacetylmorphine) (as morphine) Morphine 2000 ng/mL (S) > 200 ng/mL (Duramorph) (1) 300 ng/mL (C) (3) Methadone 300 ng/mL 1-2 [mu]g/mL (Dolophine, Amidone) Mepreidine 200 ng/mL (S) > 1000 (Demerol, Pethidine) (2) ng/mL 200 ng/mL (C) (3) STIMULANTS Codeine 2000 ng/mL (S) > 1.1 (Analgesics with codeine) (1) [mu]g/mL 300 ng/mL (C) (3) lethal) Propoxyphena 300 ng/mL (S) > 500 ng/mL (Darvon, Darvocet-N) (1) 200 ng/mL (C) (3) Oxycodone 100-500 ng/mL > 200 ng/mL (S)(1)highly variable) (Oxycontin, OxylR, Percocet, 100-300 ng/mL Percodan) (C)(3)(highly Variable) HALLUCINOGENS Lysergic acid, 0.5 ng/mL (S) > 2 ng/mL diethylamide (1) (LSD) 100 pg/mL (C) (4) Marijuana and cannabinoids 100, 50, 25, 50-200 or ng/mL 20 ng/mL (S) (1) 15 ng/mL (C) (3) Phencyclidine 25 ng/mL (S) 1 mg/mL (1) 25 ng/mL (C) (3) STIMULANTS Cocaine 300 ng/mL (S) > 1 (1) [mu]g/mL 150 ng/mL (C) (3) Amphetamine 100 ng/mL (S) 0.5-1.0 (1) [mu]g/mL (Benzedrine, Dexedrine) 500 ng/mL (C) (3) Methylene-3, 4 3000-5000 0.1-1.0 dioxy-Methamphetamine ng/mL (S)(1) [mu]g/mL (MDMA) 5 ng/mL (C)(3) Methamphetamine 100 ng/mL (S) 0.1-1.0 (Desoxyn, Methedrine) (1) [mu]g/mL 500 ng/mL (C) (3) BARBITURATES Pentobarbital 425 ng/mL (S) > 11 (1) [mu]g/mL (Nembutal) 200 ng/mL (C) (3) Secobarbital 200 ng/mL (S) > 10 (1) [mu]g/mL (Seconal) 200 ng/mL (C) (3) Butabarbital 312 ng/mL (S) 20 [mu]g/mL (1) (Butisol) 200 ng/mL (C) (3) Butalbital 20 [mu]g/mL 5-15 (Florinal) [mu]g/mL 200 ng/mL (C) (3) Phenobarbital 505 ng/mL (S) > 40 (1) [mu]g/mL 200 ng/mL (C) (3) ALCOHOLS, DIOLS, & METABOLITES Ethanol 10 mg/dL 80-400 mg/dL Methanol 5 mg/dL (GC) > 20 mg/dL Isopropanol 5 mg/dL (GC) 50 mg/dL Acetone 5 mg/dL (GC) > 33 mg/dL (GC) Ethylene Glycol 5 mg/dL (GC) > 50 mg/dL (GC) SEDATIVES/HYPNOTICS/ANESTHETICS Diazepam 160 ng/mL (S) Drug plus (1) Metabolite: (Valium) 100 ng/mL (C) > 3.0 (3) [mu]g/mL Oxazapam 240 ng/mL (S) > 1.4 (Serax) (1) [mu]g/mL 100 ng/mL (C) (3) Alprazolam 240 ng/mL (S) > 350 ng/mL (Xanax) (1) 100 ng/mL (C) (3) Clonazepam 540 ng/mL (S) > 80 ng/mL (Klonopin) (1) 100 ng/mL (C) (3) Chlordiazepoxide 600 ng.mL (S) > 23 (Librium) (2) [mu]g/mL 100 ng/mL (C) (3) Lorazepam 675 ng/mL (S) 0.3-0.6 (Ativan, Loraz) (1) [mu]g/mL 100 ng/mL (C) 0.05-0.24 (3) [mu]g/mL Flunitrazepam 12-60 ng/mL 50 ng/mL (S)(1) (GC-MS; (immunoassay) LC-MS/MS) (Rohyphol) 100 pg/mL (C) (4) Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate 1-10 mg/L > 250 mg/L (Somatomax) (GC; GC-MS) (GC-MS) Ketamine 15 ng/mL (S) > 7-27 (5) [mu]g/mL Hydrochloride (Immunoassay) (highly 5-10 ng/mL variable) (Ketajet) (GC-MS) Drug (and trade name) Blood reference (therapeutic) range OPIATES Heroin None detected (Diacetylmorphine) Morphine 65-80 ng/mL (Duramorph) Methadone For arcotic stabilization: 300-1000 ng/mL (Dolophine, Amidone) For pain: 50-100 ng/mL Mepreidine 70-500 ng/mL (Demerol, Pethidine) Codeine 13-33 ng/mL (Analgesics with codeine) Propoxyphena 100-400 ng/mL (Darvon, Darvocet-N) Oxycodone 10-100 ng/mL (Oxycontin, OxylR, Percocet, Percodan) HALLUCINOGENS Lysergic acid, None detected diethylamide 5-20 ng/mL (LSD) (clinical studies) Marijuana and cannabinoids None detected Phencyclidine None detected STIMULANTS Cocaine 100-500 ng/mL Amphetamine 30-50 ng/mL (Benzedrine, Dexedrine) Methylene-3, 4 20-30 ng/mL dioxy-Methamphetamine (MDMA) Methamphetamine 20-30 ng/mL (Desoxyn, Methedrine) BARBITURATES Pentobarbital < 10 [mu]g/mL (Nembutal) Secobarbital 1-5 [mu]g/mL (Seconal) Butabarbital 3-25 [mu]g/mL (Butisol) Butalbital (Florinal) Phenobarbital 10-40 [mu]g/mL ALCOHOLS, DIOLS, & METABOLITES Ethanol 100-150mg/dL (for treatment of toxic alcohols) Methanol < 0.5 mg/dL Isopropanol None detected Acetone < 1.0 mg/dL Ethylene Glycol None detected SEDATIVES/HYPNOTICS/ANESTHETICS Diazepam Drug plus Metabolite: (Valium) 0.2-2.0 [mu]g/mL Oxazapam 0.2-1.4 [mu]g/mL (Serax) Alprazolam 20-30 ng/mL (Xanax) Clonazepam 10-50 ng/mL (Klonopin) Chlordiazepoxide 0.1-3.0 [mu]g/mL (Librium) Lorazepam 50-240 ng/mL (Ativan, Loraz) Flunitrazepam 5-15 ng/mL (Rohyphol) Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate 48-125 mg/L (Somatomax) (for narcolepsy) Ketamine 0.5-6.3 [mu]g/mL Hydrochloride (Ketajet) NOTE: Refer to manufacturer's insert for information on other Benzodiazepines and metabolites. * Commonly accepted cut-off values; may be different for specific jurisdictions and methods. Sensitivities to various drugs are method-specific. Sensitivity/cut-off data are from method literature and package inserts. (S)=Screening cut-off (C)=Confirmation cut-off or Limit of Quantitation (LOQ) (1) Screening single-use immunoassay device (consult package insert for specific method) (2) High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) (3) Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) (4) Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry/Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) (5) Screening single-use ELISA device-Forensic toxicology use only