Cruising for Climate Change.
Sunscreen sunscreen /sun·screen/ (-skren) a substance applied to the skin to protect it from the effects of the sun's rays.
n. . Camera. Carbon debt. These days, vacationers have a lot more to think about than just packing.
Summer vacation Summer vacation (also called summer holidays or summer break) is a vacation in the summertime between school years in which students are off for 3 months, depending on the country and district. . It's a phrase that sounds like heaven to most people. For me, it meant different things at different ages. As a child it meant sweating in silence in the back seat as we drove several hundred miles west to visit family. In my teenage years vacations were synonymous with synonymous with
adjective equivalent to, the same as, identical to, similar to, identified with, equal to, tantamount to, interchangeable with, one and the same as swimsuits and a train to the Jersey shore. These days I've switched from trains to planes (and from a two-piece to a one piece), and I prefer Oregon's cool Pacific waters to New Jersey's lovely but crowded beaches.
But these days there's more to vacationing than merely worrying about what to wear and who you might see. Environmentally savvy tourists also consider the effect their travels will have on the environment. Should I travel by plane or by car? Will it make a difference whether I stay at a hotel, a friend's house, a campsite? And how can I offset the impact my activities will have?
For most of us, of course, our budget has the final say in what we ultimately plan for vacation. Since we're learning so much about climate change these days, I thought I'd see what effect my travel options would have on the environment, using AMERICAN FORESTS' new Personal Climate Change Calculator at www.americanforests.org.
It's doubtful that many of us would base our trip choices on carbon dioxide carbon dioxide, chemical compound, CO2, a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is about one and one-half times as dense as air under ordinary conditions of temperature and pressure. ([CO.sub.2]) output. But why not try to understand, and even compensate for, vacation activities that generate greenhouse gases and climate change. AMERICAN FORESTS' calculator also figures how many trees you should plant to offset your [CO.sub.2] emissions. Growing new trees pulls carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere naturally, and, in addition to energy conservation, is an effective way to offset [CO.sub.2] emissions.
Climate change, of course, is caused by rising levels of greenhouse gases--especially carbon dioxide. Our industrial society, powered by fossil fuel fossil fuel: see energy, sources of; fuel.
Any of a class of materials of biologic origin occurring within the Earth's crust that can be used as a source of energy. Fossil fuels include coal, petroleum, and natural gas. combustion, pumps tons of manmade [CO.sub.2] into the atmosphere every day, more than the planet's natural systems can absorb. If we don't make changes soon, the world's temperature could rise as much as 7 degrees Fahrenheit by 2020, according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. the Pew Center on Global Climate Change The Pew Center on Global Climate Change is a non-profit advocacy organization that was established in 1998. Its Board of Directors includes Kenneth Arrow and Klaus Töpfer.  It is supported by The Pew Charitable Trusts, which "is working to create a policy environment .
Trees naturally convert carbon dioxide into carbon and store it in their leaves, trunk, and bark. To remove one ton of [CO.sub.2] AMERICAN FORESTS American Forests is a nonprofit conservation organization that promotes healthy forests and urban tree planting.
The organization was established in 1875 as the American Forestry Association, by physician/horticulturist John Aston Warder and a group of like-minded citizens plants three trees. In addition to storing or sequestering Particle Physics
In particle physics, sequestering is a procedure of isolating different types of physical processes or different particle species by separating them geometrically in additional dimensions of space. carbon, trees provide wildlife habitat, prevent erosion, and beautify the planet for generations to come.
Here's some ways to see how your vacation choices could boost or lessen your yearly climate change impact.
Vehicles, of course, are one of the most significant contributors to climate change. Cars, planes, buses, and trains all release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere as they burn fuel.
For example, taken as a whole, airplane emissions have a greater climate change impact than previously thought, according to a recent report from the International Panel on Climate Change. The cumulative impact of CO2, nitric oxide nitric oxide or nitrogen monoxide, a colorless gas formed by the combustion of nitrogen and oxygen as given by the reaction: energy + N2 + O2 → 2NO; m.p. −163.6°C;; b.p. −151.8°C;. and nitrogen dioxide nitrogen dioxide
A poisonous brown gas, NO2, often found in smog and automobile exhaust fumes and synthesized for use as a nitrating agent, a catalyst, and an oxidizing agent.
Noun 1. , and water vapor has two to five times the impact of [CO.sub.2] alone.
But you can reduce your personal climate change impact by using more fuel-efficient modes of transportation. For example, instead of renting or driving a car, you could take a train, or bus. Your share of [CO.sub.2] emissions will be much smaller for a car trip.
Of course, not all destinations are accessible by bus, and you can't always cram two kids and the family dog onto a Greyhound. In those instances consider using or renting a fuel-efficient car. Not only will you save money, but cars with higher miles per gallon Noun 1. miles per gallon - the distance traveled in a vehicle powered by one gallon of gasoline or diesel fuel
unit, unit of measurement - any division of quantity accepted as a standard of measurement or exchange; "the dollar is the United States unit of have a reduced impact on the atmosphere.
Another way to conserve fuel is to select a car without an air conditioner. It can lessen a car without an air conditioner. It can lessen a car's fuel efficiency by as much as 20 percent, according to the Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), independent agency of the U.S. government, with headquarters in Washington, D.C. It was established in 1970 to reduce and control air and water pollution, noise pollution, and radiation and to ensure the safe handling and . And car air conditioners leak refrigerant re·frig·er·ant
1. Cooling or freezing; refrigerating.
2. Reducing fever.
1. A substance, such as air, ammonia, water, or carbon dioxide, used to provide cooling either as the working substance of that is particularly harmful for the environment.. A good rule of thumb: Before embarking on your trip, have a certified technician check your car air conditioner for leaks.
Whether you use a luxurious hotel or a well-worntent, your lodging choices will have an impact. That's because any time you use electricity, oil, or natural gas, it adds [CO.sub.2] to the atmosphere.
A trend among hotelliers could make things could make things easier for those concerned about [CO.sub.2] emissions. The Climate Neutral Network, a national alliance of companies, environmental organizations, and government agencies, now awards Climate Neutral Certification to hotels and other business that prove their operations are climate-neutral. To earn certification, hotels undergo a vigorous audit to measure energy efficiency, water use, and other factors that affect [CO.sub.2] emissions. Then the hotel chooses projects--such as tree planting or equipment upgrades--to make its [CO.sub.2] emissions have zero or negative impact on global warming global warming, the gradual increase of the temperature of the earth's lower atmosphere as a result of the increase in greenhouse gases since the Industrial Revolution. .
Tedd Saunders, executive vice president of Saunders Hotel Group, recently received certification for his family's two hotel; a third will receive certification after it opens. For now, visitors to Boston can find carbon-neutral accommodations at The Lenox, a four-star hotel, and Copley Square Copley Square, named for the American portraitist John Singleton Copley (1738 – 1815), is located in the Back Bay neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. A bronze statue of Copley, by sculptor Lewis Cohen, is located on the northern side of the square. , a three-star hotel..
"We have had an environmental management program for almost nine years," says Saunders, who also runs Ecological Solutions, a consulting business that helps other hotels become more environmentally friendly Environmentally friendly, also referred to as nature friendly, is a term used to refer to goods and services considered to inflict minimal harm on the environment. . "We're building upon that leadership by working with [the Network] to stay ahead of the curve."
Although the designation won't affect many travelers yet, it could influence future consumer choices, Saunders predicts.
Last but not least, if you're to be really comprehensive about the carbon impact for your trip, you will need to account for recreational activities. Some things to consider: Is it absolutely necessary to take a car to the museum or could you use the bus and get some local color local color
1. The interest or flavor of a locality imparted by the customs and sights peculiar to it.
2. The use of regional detail in a literary or an artistic work. along the way? What about personal watercraft personal watercraft
1. A motorized recreational water vehicle normally ridden by straddling a seat.
2. (used with a pl. verb) Such water vehicles considered as a group. , which both add to air and noise pollution and are under fire for the harm they can do the shoreline?
THE ABCS See Win abc's, MSW abc's, XL abc's, DOS abc's and PKZIP abc's. OF THE CALCULATOR
AMERICAN FORESTS in 1996 designed a household carbon dioxide emissions worksheet for those interested in figuring how their actions affected the environment.
Since then, the scientific community has learned much about greenhouse gases and climate change. This year the Shaklee Corporation, which manufactures health and wellness products, asked AMERICAN FORESTS to update its calculator for better use on the Internet, part of Shaklee's commitment to climate-neutral initiatives to fight global warming. The Climate Neutral Network recently named Shaklee the nation's first climate neutral corporation.
"We had been working very hard to become the first U.S. company that is carbon neutral," says Karin Topping, Shaklee's director of public relations public relations, activities and policies used to create public interest in a person, idea, product, institution, or business establishment. By its nature, public relations is devoted to serving particular interests by presenting them to the public in the most . "The calculator seemed like a great tool for individuals to look at their own emissions and see what they need to do to offset them."
You don't have to be a math whiz to use the calculator, which can figure emissions for a single event, such a vacation travel, or for the entire year. Go to the online calculator at www.americanforests.org, and it will prompt you to fill in your annual household use of energy. It also includes energy use for driving and flying.
If you're unsure about specific mileage or usages, click on and use the "U.S. averages," based on figures from government agencies and nonprofit organizations. Your emissions totals will be tallied instantly. The calculator automatically figures the number of trees you need to plant to offset your activities.
This summer, when you're planning your summer adventure, calculate the ecological impacts as well. Then, when you're stopping the paper and the mail, remember to plant some trees as well.
Instead of a [CO.sub.2]-filled vacation, Associate Editor Janine Guglielmino plans one with plenty of NaCl--around the rim of her Margarita glass.
USING THE CALCULATOR FOR VACATION & BEYOND
This year I'm debating between a trip to San Francisco San Francisco (săn frănsĭs`kō), city (1990 pop. 723,959), coextensive with San Francisco co., W Calif., on the tip of a peninsula between the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay, which are connected by the strait known as the Golden and a week of North Carolina's Banks Using the Personal Climate Change Calculator of www.americanforests.org. I figured my [CO.sub.2] emissions for those frips. First, San francisco. With the distance and my time constraints, plane travel is my only vichle option. A round trip flight would take me approximately 5,640 milers, and my portion of the flight's [CO.sub.2] emissions would equal more than 2,480 pounds. I would need to plant three trees for that trip alone.
But what about the beach? Traveling from Washington, D.C., a car that gets 28 miles per gallon (mpg) would emit about 571 pounds [CO.sub.2] for the approximately 537-mile round trip vocation. Train travel cuts emissions to 322 pounds, airtime travel to about 236. The most environmentally friendly option, surprisingly enough, is the bus, where my state of [CO.sub.2] emissions weighed in of just 107 pounds-about 5 times less than the car.
I also figured the number of trees I would need to plant to offset seven days in a hotel Using the calculator's apartment category, I figure my electricity emissions for the week by dividing my yearly average (5,990 kwh) by 52, the number of weeks in each year Seven days of a hotel will emit about 173 pounds of [CO.sub.2] for electricity--one Tree.
But if all these numbers seem a little confusing, just go to AMERICAN FORESTS' home page and hit the button labeled "Improve the Climate for Your Vacation." There, you those among three vacation scenarios. "First Class," for two roundtrip cross-country flights and two weeks of a resort, the "Family Style," a 1,200-mile roundtrip minevan vacation for four with a week at an amusement park amusement park, a commercially operated park offering various forms of entertainment, such as arcade games, carousels, roller coasters, and performers, as well as food, drink, and souvenirs. , or "Back to Nature," an 800-mile roundtrip car vacation for four with canoeing and camping Choose the one that sounds most like your vacation. Good luck, and happy trails!