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Court cases and bills in the U.S. Congress.

U.S. Supreme Court

FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION vs. WISCONSIN RIGHT TO LIFE, INC.

No. 06-969 Argued April 25, 2007 Decided June 25, 2007

[Summary: This 5--4 ruling concluded that the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 (BCRA) is unconstitutional as it related to three issue related ads that the Wisconsin Right to Life organization had planned to air within 30 days of an election primary, in conflict with Section [section] 203 of the BCRA rules.]

HEIN, DIRECTOR, WHITE HOUSE OFFICE of FAITH-BASED AND COMMUNITY INITIATIVES, et al vs. FREEDOM FROM RELIGION FOUNDATION, INC., et al.

No. 06-157 Argued February 28, 2007 Decided June 25, 2007

[Summary: The petitioners in this case were suing the Executive Branch of the government for breach of the Establishment Clause (which prevents the establishment or preference of any religion by the Congress) to prevent them from spending tax dollars on giving preference to faith-based initiatives. The original District Court had dismissed their case for lack of standing, meaning that they did not have the legal grounds to bring suit. The Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals reversed that decision, finding that a taxpayer has standing to challenge anything done by a federal agency so long as the marginal or incremental cost to the public of the alleged Establishment Clause violation was greater than zero.

However, by a 5-4 margin the Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals, finding that just because the petitioners were taxpayers was insufficient reason to find that they had standing to bring suit.]

MORSE, et al vs. FREDERIC

No. 06-278 Argued March 19, 2007 Decided June 25, 2007

[This 6--3 Supreme Court ruling found that high school principal, Morse, had not violated student, Frederick's 1st Amendment rights by making him take down his "BONG HiTS 4 JESUS" banner at a school event, because it encouraged illegal drug use.]

U.S. Congress Bills

[CITIZEN'S TIP--You can see the actual text of federal bills by entering the bill number underlined below at the Thomas Jefferson Library of Congress Website--http://thomas.loc.gov]

H.R.3356 Rep. Reyes, Silvestre [TX-16] "Improving Foreign Intelligence Surveillance to Defend the Nation and the Constitution Act of 2007" To amend the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 to establish a procedure for authorizing certain electronic surveillance.

Related Bills: S.1927, S.2011 8/3/2007 Failed of passage/not agreed to in House. Status: On motion to suspend the rules and pass the bill Failed by the Yeas and Nays: (2/3 required): 218-207 (Roll no. 821).

S.459 Sen. Snowe, Olympia J. [ME] "Breast Cancer Patient Protection Act of 2007" A bill to require that health plans provide coverage for a minimum hospital stay for mastectomies, lumpectomies, and lymph node dissection for the treatment of breast cancer and coverage for secondary consultations.

Related Bills: H.R.119, H.R.758 1/31/2007 referred to Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions.

H.R.2669 Rep. Miller, George [CA-7] "College Cost Reduction Act of 2007" To provide for reconciliation pursuant to section 601 of the concurrent resolution on the budget for fiscal year 2008. [to address college costs]

Related Bills: H.RES.531, H.RES.637 9/7/2007 Conference report agreed to in House. Status: On agreeing to the conference report Agreed to by the Yeas and Nays: 292-97 (Roll no. 864). House Reports: 110-210; Latest Conference Report: 110-317 (in Congressional Record H10168-10181) Note: The House Rules Committee has posted the text of the conference report.

S.1033 Sen. Lieberman, Joseph I. [CT] "Great Cats and Rare Canids Act of 2007" A bill to assist in the conservation of rare felids and rare canids by supporting and providing financial resources for the conservation programs of nations within the range of rare felid and rare canid populations and projects of persons with demonstrated expertise in the conservation of rare felid and rare canid populations.

Related Bills: H.R.1464, H.R.1913 3/29/2007 re: Environment & Public Works
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Publication:The Informed Constituent (Albany, NY)
Date:Sep 1, 2007
Words:666
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