Conexant Streamlines Mobile Handset Design With a Cost-Cutting Direct-Conversion Transceiver Solution for Next-Generation GSM Platforms.
Business Editors & High-Tech Writers
NEWPORT BEACH, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Feb. 12, 2001
Conexant's Radio Frequency Transceiver Offers High Performance
While Eliminating Costly Intermediate-Frequency Conversion Steps
In Multi-Band GSM Handsets And Third-Generation Terminals
Conexant Systems, Inc. (Nasdaq:CNXT) today announced a new single-chip radio frequency (RF) transceiver that streamlines the design of multi-band global standard for mobile communications (GSM) handsets.
By eliminating costly intermediate-frequency conversion steps, Conexant's CX74017 advanced direct-conversion transceiver cuts the number of external components required to build a mobile handset by one-third, significantly reducing the cost, size and power requirements of next-generation GSM handsets.
Proprietary design techniques employed in the receiver also enable the device to be used with any commonly available GSM baseband IC, which will shorten handset development cycles.
Conexant's CX74017 transceiver supports general packet radio service (GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) The first high-speed digital data service provided by cellular carriers that used the GSM technology. GPRS added a packet-switched channel to GSM, which uses dedicated, circuit-switched channels for voice conversations. ) and downlink-enhanced data rates for global evolution (EDGE) standards, and provides a well-defined roadmap to dual-mode, wide-band code division multiple access (W-CDMA See WCDMA. )/GSM universal mobile telecommunications (UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System) The GSM implementation of the 3G wireless phone system. Part of IMT-2000, UMTS provides service in the 2 GHz band and offers global roaming and personalized features. ) handsets. These handsets will support such advanced applications as multimedia and high-speed Web browsing.
"Dual-band GSM radios using conventional solutions require around 100 external components. The same radio requires only 65 with Conexant's CX74017, providing customers with a compact design platform for creating smaller phones, wireless PDAs and other advanced terminals that can also include such functions as Bluetooth connectivity, digital imaging and MP3 audio," said Moiz Beguwala, senior vice president and general manager for Conexant's Wireless Communications Division.
"Plus, we've eliminated the need for baseband processing support so that this device can be cost-effectively combined with virtually any baseband solution on the market."
According to the market research firm The Strategis Group, revenue from wireless data is expected to reach $33.5 billion globally by 2004. The firm also predicts that there will be one billion wireless subscribers worldwide on third-generation (3G) networks by the year 2010.
Cahners In-Stat Group anticipates that the worldwide penetration of all wireless service will grow from 7.5 percent today to more than 32 percent during this decade on a global basis.
The CX74017 transceiver uses several new techniques -- for which patents are pending -- to solve many of the problems previously associated with the implementation of direct-conversion technology, which has long promised the ideal solution for today's GSM handsets and next-generation terminals, including 2.5-generation (2.5G), GPRS and 3G terminals.
Direct conversion eliminates all of the intermediate frequency (IF) signal conversions that are required with the more commonly used superheterodyne See superheterodyne receiver. technique, along with the costly discrete components that are associated with the extra signal-conversion step.
Until now, direct-conversion solutions have required a significant level of digital signal processing See DSP.
Digital Signal Processing - (DSP) Computer manipulation of analog signals (commonly sound or image) which have been converted to digital form (sampled). (DSP (1) (Digital Signal Processor) A special-purpose CPU used for digital signal processing applications (see definition #2 below). It provides ultra-fast instruction sequences, such as shift and add, and multiply and add, which are commonly used in math-intensive ) support from the handset's baseband circuitry, and have generally provided poorer performance than the more common superheterodyne receivers.
In contrast, Conexant's implementation removes the baseband-processing burdens of earlier approaches to provide superheterodyne-like performance in a dual- or tri-band solution, while offering the flexibility to be combined with any of a variety of readily available digital baseband processor chipsets.
The CX74017 transceiver consists of integrated low-noise amplifiers (LNAs), a quadrature quadrature, in astronomy, arrangement of two celestial bodies at right angles to each other as viewed from a reference point. If the reference point is the earth and the sun is one of the bodies, a planet is in quadrature when its elongation is 90°. demodulator See demodulate.
A device used to recover the original modulating signal from a modulated wave. A demodulator is also known as a detector. , baseband filters and a direct current (DC) offset correction sequencer See MIDI sequencer.
(music) sequencer - Any system for recording and/or playback of music via a programmable memory which stores music not as audio data, but as some representation of notes. . It uses a low-frequency, low-pass filter to perform all of the required tasks associated with rejecting in-band blocking signals and adjacent alternate channels.
This contrasts with superheterodyne architectures that first convert the RF signal to an IF signal using one external surface acoustic wave A surface acoustic wave (SAW) is an acoustic wave traveling along the surface of a material having some elasticity, with an amplitude that typically decays exponentially with the depth of the substrate. (SAW) filter. One SAW filter is used for each of the bands supported in a multi-band handset, to reject the image frequency at RF. Then, the IF signal is converted to a baseband signal using a second local oscillator and external voltage controlled oscillator oscillator
Mechanical or electronic device that produces a back-and-forth periodic motion. A pendulum is a simple mechanical oscillator that swings with a constant amplitude, requiring the addition of energy at each swing only to compensate for the energy lost because of air (VCO (1) (Voltage Controlled Oscillator) An oscillator that can be tuned over a wide range of frequencies by applying a voltage (tuning voltage) to it. Used in many applications such as radio tuners, VCOs are less costly than crystal oscillators, but not as stable. ).
Because Conexant's proprietary technology eliminates the IF conversion stage, all of the filtering for each of the bands can be performed inexpensively, on chip.
Other CX74017 features include a translational loop structure on the transmitter side, consisting of an in-phase and quadrature (I/Q I/Q Inphase and Quadrature ) modulator Modulator
Any device or circuit by means of which a desired signal is impressed upon a higher-frequency periodic wave known as a carrier. The process is called modulation. The modulator may vary the amplitude, frequency, or phase of the carrier. , offset mixer, phase detector and transmit VCO with no external tank. The transmitter offers exceptionally high performance, thus also reducing the number of external components required.
The local oscillator structure is formed around a fractional-N phase lock loop (PLL PLL - phase-locked loop ) with all components integrated, save for the external passive loop filter. Agile channel switching allows support of GPRS multi-slot operation, and key performance parameters are optimized through the use of Conexant's internally developed, low-cost RF packaging technology.
Pricing and Availability
The CX74017 transceiver is packaged in a 9x9 land grid array The land grid array (LGA) is a type of surface-mount packaging used for integrated circuits. It can be electrically connected to a PCB either by the use of a socket or by soldering directly to the PCB. (LGA LGA
large for gestational age
LGA Large for gestational age, see there ) and priced at $8.50 in quantities of 10,000. Conexant has begun sampling the CX74017 transceiver to key customers, and volume production is scheduled for the second calendar quarter 2001.
About Conexant Systems, Inc.
With revenues of $2.1 billion in fiscal 2000, Conexant is the world's largest independent company focused exclusively on providing semiconductor solutions for communications electronics. With more than 30 years of experience in developing communications technology, the company draws upon its expertise in mixed-signal processing to deliver integrated systems and semiconductor products for a broad range of communications applications.
These products facilitate communications worldwide through wireline voice and data communications networks, cordless and cellular wireless telephony systems, personal imaging devices and equipment, and emerging cable and wireless broadband communications networks.
The company organizes its activities into two business areas: Internet infrastructure, which consists of the Network Access products, and personal networking, comprised of Digital Infotainment, Personal Imaging, Wireless Communications and Personal Computing products. Conexant is a member of the S&P 500 and Nasdaq-100 Indices. For more information, visit Conexant at www.conexant.com.
Safe Harbor Statement
This news release contains statements relating to future results of Conexant (including certain projections and business trends) that are "forward-looking statements" as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (PSLRA) implemented several significant substantive changes affecting certain cases brought under the federal securities laws, including changes related to pleading, discovery, liability, class representation and awards fees and of 1995. Actual results may differ materially from those projected as a result of certain risks and uncertainties. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: maintaining a consistent and reliable source of energy; global economic and market conditions, such as the cyclical nature of the semiconductor industry and the markets addressed by the company's and its customers' products; demand for and market acceptance of new and existing products; successful development of new products; the timing of new product introductions; the availability and extent of utilization of manufacturing capacity; pricing pressures and other competitive factors; changes in product mix; fluctuations in manufacturing yields; product obsolescence ob·so·les·cent
1. Being in the process of passing out of use or usefulness; becoming obsolete.
2. Biology Gradually disappearing; imperfectly or only slightly developed. ; the ability to develop and implement new technologies and to obtain protection for the related intellectual property; the successful separation of the company's Internet infrastructure and personal networking businesses; the ability to attract and retain qualified personnel; labor relations of the company, its customers and suppliers; and the uncertainties of litigation An action brought in court to enforce a particular right. The act or process of bringing a lawsuit in and of itself; a judicial contest; any dispute.
When a person begins a civil lawsuit, the person enters into a process called litigation. , as well as other risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to those detailed from time to time in the company's Securities and Exchange Commission filings. These forward-looking statements are made only as of the date hereof, and the company undertakes no obligation to update or revise the forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Other brands and names contained in this release are the property of their respective owners.
Glossary of Terms
The term baseband refers to the base information signal frequency or bandwidth (for example data or voice), which is modulated or demodulated to transmission frequencies by the radio device. The term is also used to refer to the digital signal processor A digital signal processor (DSP) is a specialized microprocessor designed specifically for digital signal processing, generally in real-time computing. Characteristics of typical Digital Signal Processors
Direct Conversion (or Direct Downconversion)
Direct conversion is the process of taking an incoming modulated RF signal and mixing it directly down to the frequency of the modulation data without going through an intermediate-frequency conversion.
Direct Current Offset Correction Sequencer
Most analog circuits intrinsically generate statistically varying DC offset, which can become large and difficult to handle following large, directly coupled gain blocks. DC offset correction must therefore be carried out. In the case of a large cascaded gain chain, it is necessary to correct the DC offset with several compensation stages. The stages must act in the correct sequence in time in order for the process to be carried out successfully. This may be manually controlled via a baseband processing device, or via an integrated digital sequencing circuit, triggered by a receive enabling signal, and timed from the master system clock.
Received data stream.
Dual-Band or Tri-Band
Dual-band mobile phones can work on networks that operate on different frequency bands. This is useful if you move between areas covered by different networks. For example GSM 900 and GSM 1800 (also known as DCS (1) See also DSC.
(2) Digital Cross-connect System) A network switching and grooming device used by telecom carriers. See digital cross-connect. or PCN 1. PCN - Program Composition Notation.
2. (communications) PCN - Personal Communication Network. ) for dual-band phones, and GSM 900, GSM1800 and GSM1900 (also known as PCS (1) (Personal Communications Services) Refers to wireless services that emerged after the U.S. government auctioned commercial licenses in 1994 and 1995. This radio spectrum in the 1. band) for tri-band phones.
Enhanced Data Rates for Global Evolution (EDGE)
EDGE is a technology that gives GSM and TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) A satellite and cellular phone technology that interleaves multiple digital signals onto a single high-speed channel. For cellular, TDMA triples the capacity of the original analog method (FDMA). similar capacity to handle services for the third generation of mobile telephony. EDGE was developed to enable the transmission of large amounts of data at a high speed, 384 kilobits per second (unit) kilobits per second - (kbps, kb/s) A unit of data rate where 1 kb/s = 1000 bits per second. This contrasts with units of storage where 1 Kb = 1024 bits (note upper case K). (kbps).
European Telecommunications Standardization Institute (ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute, Sophia Antipolis technical park, Nice, France, www.etsi.org) A non-profit membership organization founded in 1988, dedicated to standardizing information and communication technologies (ICT) throughout Europe. )
The European standardization body for telecommunications.
A filter is a device which allows only certain frequencies of the broadband input to pass through. In the case of a high-pass filter, only signals above a certain frequency will pass. In the case of a bandpass filter, only signals between two defined frequency points will pass. In the case of a low-pass filter, only signals below a certain frequency will pass. A baseband filter is a structure which filters a received signal at its baseband frequency.
A fractional-N synthesizer is a device that enables fast switching between generated frequencies by allowing the PLL phase detector to operate at a much higher frequency than the channel spacing, as would be the case with a conventional integer-N device.
General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
A packet-linked technology that enables high-speed (115 kbps) wireless Internet and other data communications.
Global System for Mobile Communications (communications) Global System for Mobile Communications - (GSM, originally "Groupe de travail Sp?ciale pour les services Mobiles") One of the major standards for digital cellular communications, in use in over 60 countries and serving over one billion subscribers. (GSM)
Originally developed as a pan-European standard for digital mobile telephony, GSM has become the world's most widely used mobile system. It is used on the 900 MHz (MegaHertZ) One million cycles per second. It is used to measure the transmission speed of electronic devices, including channels, buses and the computer's internal clock. A one-megahertz clock (1 MHz) means some number of bits (16, 32, 64, etc. and 1800 MHz frequencies in Europe, Asia and Australia, and the 1900 MHz frequency in North America and Latin America.
Also known as DCS 1800 or PCN, GSM 1800 is a digital network working on a frequency of 1800 MHz. It is used in Europe, Asia-Pacific and Australia.
Also known as PCS 1900, GSM 1900 is a digital network working on a frequency of 1900 MHz. It is used in the United States and Canada, and is scheduled for parts of Latin America and Africa.
GSM 900, or just GSM, is the world's most widely used digital network operating in more than 100 countries around the world, particularly in Europe and Asia-Pacific.
In-Phase and Quadrature (I/Q) Modulator
An I/Q modulator (or vector modulator) is a device which mixes a signal vector input up to an intermediate or RF to enable transmission.
Intermediate Frequency (IF)
Conversion from either baseband or RF to an intermediate frequency is a technique used in transmit and receive radio subsystems enabling extra filtering to occur to eliminate unwanted interferers.
Local Oscillator (LO)
An up or down converting radio subsystem that takes a baseband signal and modulates or demodulates it to or from a RF signal. The demodulation demodulation: see modulation.
(communications) demodulation - To recover the signal from the carrier. For example, in a radio broadcast using amplitude modulation the audio signal is transmitted as the mean amplitude of a or modulation process is a mixing of the generally low-frequency baseband signal with a high-frequency signal. The high-frequency signal must be generated within the radio, and is known as a local oscillator signal. The local oscillator is usually generated via a PLL frequency synthesizer.
Low-Noise Amplifier (LNA LNA Low-Noise Amplifier
LNA Locked Nucleic Acid (Link Technologies Ltd.)
LNA Linolenic Acid
LNA Licensed Nursing Assistant
LNA Launch Numerical Aperture
LNA Ladies National Association
LNA Leading National Advertisers, Inc. )
A low-noise amplifier is the first stage of gain at the input to a receiver structure that takes the extremely weak input signal and amplifies it for further processing. As the signal is of a very low level, it is undesirable that the signal be influenced by any noise generated in the amplifier itself, therefore it is designed to have minimal noise generation.
Phase Lock Loop (PLL)
A phase locked loop is a technique whereby an otherwise asynchronous Refers to events that are not synchronized, or coordinated, in time. The following are considered asynchronous operations. The interval between transmitting A and B is not the same as between B and C. The ability to initiate a transmission at either end. signal is locked to a high-integrity reference. Generally, the asynchronous signal may be at a higher frequency than the reference thus effecting the accuracy of the reference signal on the higher asynchronous signal and/or performing a frequency translation.
A protocol is a sequence of interactions defined by a standard situation or reference scenario.
In-Phase and Quadrature (I/Q) Demodulator
An I/Q demodulator (or vector demodulator) is a device which mixes a complex signal input down from an intermediate or RF input to a baseband vector output.
Radio Frequency (RF)
The frequency of transmission and reception.
A device that takes an incoming radio signal and extracts the voice or data signal. A tunable receiver is one that may be centered around multiple RFs or channels.
A superheterodyne receiver employs the technique of first mixing the incoming signal down (or up) to an IF before mixing it to baseband.
Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) Filters
A surface acoustic wave filter is a passive device that filters incoming signals by using a passive piece of semiconductor configured to employ its crystal resonance to allow certain signals to pass and certain signals to be attenuated Attenuated
Alive but weakened; an attenuated microorganism can no longer produce disease.
Mentioned in: Tuberculin Skin Test
having undergone a process of attenuation. or filtered.
Third Generation (3G)
Third Generation, or 3G, is the next generation of wireless technology beyond personal communications services See PCS. . The 3G standard will first be deployed in Japan as W-CDMA by NTT DoCoMo in 2001. License auctions have been held in the United States and European countries for 3G spectrum for deployment in 2002.
The 3G standard is known as UMTS in Europe. In North America, 3G will be deployed as two different standards; W-CDMA and cdma2000. It is designed for high-speed multimedia data and voice, and intended to enable advanced global roaming, or the ability to go anywhere and automatically be handed off to whatever wireless system is available.
The first generation of wireless technology (AMPS, TACS (Total Access Communication System) An analog cellular phone system deployed mostly in Europe. It was modeled after the AMPS system in the U.S. In the U.K., ETACS (Extended TACS) transmits in the 871-904/916-949 MHz band. and NMT (Nordic Mobile Telephone) An analog cellular phone system deployed in more than 40 countries in Europe. Launched in the Scandinavian countries in 1979, NMT was the first analog cellphone system. Both 450 MHz and 900 MHz versions are available. See cellular generations. standards) was used almost exclusively for voice. Starting in the 1990s, second-generation (2G) systems used digital encoding and include GSM, TDMA and CDMA, and have also been used primarily for voice.
Between now and 3G implementation, a variety of 2.5G techniques are being employed to improve the speed of data for enhanced email and Internet access, including packet enhancements for GSM (the general packet radio service, or GPRS, standard), improved bandwidth and data rates for GSM and TDMA (the enhanced data rates for global evolution, or EDGE, standard), and improved data rates for CDMA (IS-95B and HDR (1) (High Data Rate) A wireless data technology from QUALCOMM that provides up to a 2.4 Mbps data rate in a standard 1.25MHz CDMA voice channel. HDR can be used to enhance data capabilities in existing cdmaOne networks or in stand-alone data networks. ).
A transceiver is a combination of receiver and transmitter in a single device.
Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is one of the third-generation (3G) cell phone technologies. Currently, the most common form uses W-CDMA as the underlying air interface, is standardized by the 3GPP, and is the European answer to the ITU (UMTS)
The name for the third-generation mobile telephone standard in Europe-standardized by ETSI.
Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (W-CDMA)
Wideband CDMA is one of the two complementary protocols adopted for use in the UMTS standard. W-CDMA will be used to provide the type of services currently performed by the GSM cellular network.