Computer use for/by inmates.
Applications Impacting Inmates
Each of the reporting U.S. systems, except Hawaii, Iowa, Nebraska and Nevada, use computers to employ inmate educational programs, as do all five reporting provinces in Canada. And 36 reporting U.S. systems handle inmate health issues via telemedicine. Tennessee uses telemedicine currently in five facilities for infectious disease consultations, and it is developing a proposal to expand the use and to purchase appropriate equipment. In Canada, telemedicine is an option in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia.
Within prison industries operations, 38 reporting U.S. systems use computers in a variety of ways. Many of the systems noted printing and computer-aided graphic design, from processing orders to tracking jobs through the shops to shipping. Kansas also uses computers to convert microfilm to digital imaging. Maryland uses computers for internal shop monitoring, and Montana and Texas use computers for license plate production.
Call centers operate via computer in Colorado, New Mexico, Oregon and Tennessee. There are no computer applications indicated in the reporting Canadian provinces.
Computers are used for court arraignments in 28 of the reporting U.S. systems and four in Canada. Although court arraignments via computer take place sparingly in Louisiana, there are few court use restrictions indicated by other states, for example: board hearings at only one Arizona facility; limited to two counties in Oregon; and used if requested by judges for security reasons in New Mexico. Newfoundland in Canada limits computer use to such events as pleas, but not for trials.
Parole hearings are another application for video/computer use noted by 32 reporting U.S. systems, but no reporting Canadian systems. Reasons for its use include initial and technical parole violation hearings in Maryland; for life-sentenced offenders in Minnesota; clearing the backlog of cases in remote areas of New Mexico; and for out-of-state contract inmates in Vermont.
Video visitation is an option in 10 reporting U.S. systems and is pending in five additional systems. Arizona makes its use available for long-distance visits; Iowa permits the use in the women's prison for those assigned to noncontact visits; Kansas allows it only for inmates in segregation; and New Mexico considers its use as a way to highlight children's visits.
Applications Being Used by Inmates
Inmates have personal computers available to them in nine reporting U.S. systems: California, Connecticut, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Utah, Washington and Wyoming. Access is restricted to word processing in Kansas, for legal purposes by federal detainees in Maryland, and for all inmates in Manitoba and Newfoundland, Canada.
Sending or receiving e-marls is not permitted in the reporting Canadian systems, but allowed in six reporting U.S. systems, with some applicable restrictions. For example, Michigan inmates are allowed to receive e-mails, but not send them.
Time limits apply to the use of computers, which are available primarily during classtime. Recreation time is open to inmates in Maine, who may use computers for up to three hours; five hours is available for federal detainees in Maryland to use for legal purposes.
Access to the Internet is denied in all but four reporting jurisdictions. Connecticut allows it at the Job Center; Kansas permits it in the law library; use is allowed when highly supervised in Hawaii; and inmates within 45 days of release in Louisiana may use it to access job opportunities. Tracking personal accounts is likewise denied in all but six systems; it is restricted to minimum-security levels in Kansas. And in no instances are inmates permitted to use computers to order personal supplies (e.g., toilet paper, drawing materials, etc.).
Restrictions in Facility Law Libraries
There is no computer usage permitted in Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas or Utah. Inmates elsewhere are allowed to research law library information in a variety of ways, ranging from established time restrictions to CDROM searches; and as stated earlier, access to the Internet is overall not permitted.
Violations Attributable to Computer Use
The respondents were asked to note any incidents of rule violations within the past year and, generally, there were few major infracations identified. In Georgia, inmates produced contraband and/or make-shift weapons from "cannibalized" computer parts; one escape was aided through e-mail use in Indiana; gambling tickets were created in Louisiana; and one inmate broke into a South Carolina facility computer case to steal a fan motor needed to make a tattoo gun.
One Decade From Now
Ten years from now, there is no doubt that computers will have further developed and be used for far more purposes than this survey identifies in managing the affairs of offenders within correctional facilities. There appear to be no limitations or decrease in their use.
For information on surveys featured in this or past issues of Corrections Compendium, contact Cece Hill, CEGA Services Inc., P.O. Box 81826, Lincoln, NE 68501; (402) 420-0602.
COMPUTER USE FOR/BY INMATES Table 1: Uses for Inmates SYSTEM EDUCATION TELEMEDICINE PROGRAMS ALABAMA Yes No ALASKA Yes Yes ARIZONA Yes Yes ARKANSAS Yes Yes CALIFORNIA Yes Yes COLORADO Yes Yes CONNECTICUT Yes No DELAWARE Yes Yes FLORIDA Yes No GEORGIA Yes Yes HAWAII No No IDAHO Yes Yes ILLINOIS No response INDIANA Yes Yes IOWA No Yes KANSAS Yes Yes KENTUCKY Yes Yes LOUISIANA Yes Yes MAINE Yes Yes MARYLAND Yes Yes MASSACHUSETTS Yes No MICHIGAN Yes Yes MINNESOTA Yes No MISSISSIPPI Yes No MISSOURI Yes No MONTANA Yes Yes NEBRASKA No No NEVADA No No NEW HAMPSHIRE Yes No NEW JERSEY Yes Yes NEW MEXICO Yes Yes NEW YORK Yes Yes NORTH CAROLINA Yes Yes NORTH DAKOTA Yes Yes OHIO Yes Yes OKLAHOMA Yes Yes OREGON Yes Yes PENNSYLVANIA Yes Yes RHODE ISLAND Yes No SOUTH CAROLINA Yes Yes SOUTH DAKOTA Yes Yes TENNESSEE Yes Yes (2) TEXAS Yes Yes UTAH Yes Yes VERMONT Yes No VIRGINIA Yes Yes WASHINGTON Yes Yes WEST VIRGINIA Yes Yes WISCONSIN Yes Yes WYOMING Yes Yes CANADIAN SYSTEMS MANITOBA Yes No NEW BRUNSWICK Yes No NEWFOUNDLAND Yes Yes NOVA SCOTIA Yes Yes ONTARIO Yes No SYSTEM PRISON INDUSTRIES ALABAMA No ALASKA No ARIZONA Yes; connected to central office accounting department ARKANSAS Yes; printing industries CALIFORNIA Yes; computer-aided design blueprints and for order processing COLORADO Yes; call center (for initial work orders) and for a vocational program CONNECTICUT Yes; an internal network for Correctional Industries DELAWARE Yes; printing and graphic design FLORIDA Yes; managed by a private corporation for the department GEORGIA Yes; graphic design HAWAII Yes, internal use for tracking print jobs IDAHO Yes; Not identified ILLINOIS INDIANA Yes; printing and graphic design IOWA Yes; print shop, sign shop, embroidery, etc. KANSAS Yes; graphic design, computer-aided design and microfilm conversion to digital imaging KENTUCKY Yes; printing LOUISIANA Yes; printing and silkscreen shops MAINE No MARYLAND Yes; design unit, data entry business units, printing, embroidery, wood furniture, mailing/distribution control, internal shop monitoring MASSACHUSETTS No MICHIGAN No MINNESOTA Yes; graphic design in one print shop and computer-aided design for metal fabrication MISSISSIPPI No MISSOURI Yes; computer-aided drafting, computer repair, clerical, etc. MONTANA Yes; graphic design, computer-aided design, auto repair and license plate production NEBRASKA No NEVADA Yes; computer-aided drafting NEW HAMPSHIRE Yes; Web page design, certain data process-ing contracts, and hardware installation NEW JERSEY No NEW MEXICO Yes; call center, data entry, receiving graphic design files in the print shop NEW YORK Yes NORTH CAROLINA Yes; sign design NORTH DAKOTA No OHIO Yes; graphic design, marketing, videography and production OKLAHOMA Yes; data entry and digital imaging OREGON Yes; call centers, computer-aided design and manufacturing, and video production PENNSYLVANIA No RHODE ISLAND No SOUTH CAROLINA Yes; graphic design and printing SOUTH DAKOTA Yes; data entry and scanning services for other state agencies, Braille unit, printing, etc. TENNESSEE Yes; call centers and data entry operations TEXAS Yes; license plate production, graphic design for stickers, computer-aided design, and highway sign cutting UTAH Yes; graphic design and data entry for state health department VERMONT Yes; graphic design and silk screen design VIRGINIA Yes; computer-aided design and dental WASHINGTON Yes; printing and computer-aided design WEST VIRGINIA Yes; desktop publishing WISCONSIN Yes; unspecified WYOMING Yes; graphic design and printing job layout CANADIAN SYSTEMS MANITOBA No NEW BRUNSWICK No NEWFOUNDLAND No NOVA SCOTIA No ONTARIO No SYSTEM COURT COURT USE ARRAIGNMENTS RESTRICTIONS ALABAMA No N/A ALASKA Yes No ARIZONA Yes Board hearings at only one facility ARKANSAS No N/A CALIFORNIA No N/A COLORADO Yes No CONNECTICUT Yes No DELAWARE Yes No FLORIDA No N/A GEORGIA No N/A HAWAII Yes No IDAHO No N/A ILLINOIS INDIANA No N/A IOWA No N/A KANSAS No N/A KENTUCKY No N/A LOUISIANA Yes No (sparingly) MAINE Yes No MARYLAND No N/A MASSACHUSETTS Yes No MICHIGAN Yes No MINNESOTA No N/A MISSISSIPPI Yes No MISSOURI Yes No MONTANA Yes No NEBRASKA No N/A NEVADA Yes No NEW HAMPSHIRE Yes, with most No state courts NEW JERSEY Yes No NEW MEXICO Yes; if N/A requested by judges for security reasons NEW YORK Yes No NORTH CAROLINA No N/A NORTH DAKOTA No N/A OHIO No N/A OKLAHOMA No N/A OREGON Yes No, but limited to two counties PENNSYLVANIA Yes Not specified RHODE ISLAND Yes No SOUTH CAROLINA Yes No SOUTH DAKOTA No N/A TENNESSEE Yes No TEXAS No N/A UTAH Yes No VERMONT Yes No VIRGINIA Yes No WASHINGTON No N/A WEST VIRGINIA No N/A WISCONSIN Yes No WYOMING Yes No CANADIAN SYSTEMS MANITOBA Yes No NEW BRUNSWICK Yes No NEWFOUNDLAND Yes No, but limited to pleas, etc, but not for trials NOVA SCOTIA No N/A ONTARIO Yes No SYSTEM PAROLE VIDEO HEARINGS VISITATIONS ALABAMA No No ALASKA No Pending ARIZONA No Yes; long- distance visits limited to 30 minutes per session ARKANSAS No No CALIFORNIA No, but being considered COLORADO Yes No CONNECTICUT Yes, with Pending equipment in all facilities DELAWARE Unknown No FLORIDA No No GEORGIA No No HAWAII Yes Yes IDAHO Yes No ILLINOIS INDIANA No No IOWA Yes Yes; noncontact visits only in the women's prison KANSAS Yes Yes; only for inmates in segregation KENTUCKY Yes No LOUISIANA Yes No MAINE N/A No MARYLAND Yes; initial No and technical parole violation hearings MASSACHUSETTS Yes No MICHIGAN Yes No; currently exploring MINNESOTA Yes; Yes; "supervised state-custody release" inmates only revocations for and for state-custody noncontact inmates; also visits used for life-sentenced offenders (1) MISSISSIPPI Yes No MISSOURI No No MONTANA Yes No NEBRASKA No No NEVADA Yes No NEW HAMPSHIRE Yes, only for No Concord prison inmates NEW JERSEY Yes No NEW MEXICO Yes; clearing Yes; for backlog in families in remote areas remote areas and for highlighting children's visits NEW YORK Determined by Yes the Division of Parole NORTH CAROLINA No Yes; one pilot site in operation NORTH DAKOTA Yes No OHIO Yes; limited No OKLAHOMA Yes No OREGON Yes; used for Yes, but inmates outside infrastructure the Salem area not currently in place PENNSYLVANIA Yes Yes RHODE ISLAND No No SOUTH CAROLINA Yes No SOUTH DAKOTA Yes No TENNESSEE Yes Pending for use in one facility TEXAS Yes; for remote No areas; not used for all inmates and not for revocation process UTAH No No VERMONT Yes; for Yes out-of-state, contract inmates VIRGINIA Yes No WASHINGTON No No WEST VIRGINIA Yes No WISCONSIN Yes Yes; limited circumstances WYOMING No No CANADIAN SYSTEMS MANITOBA No No NEW BRUNSWICK No No NEWFOUNDLAND No Pending NOVA SCOTIA No No ONTARIO No No (1) MINNESOTA: Reviews are conducted on life-sentenced offenders to determine eligibility for parole after he or she has served the minimum number of required years (currently, 30 years). (2) TENNESSEE: Telemedicine is used in five facilities for infectious disease consultation; currently, a proposal is being developed to expand the use and for purchasing equipment. COMPUTER USE FOR/BY INMATES Table 2: Uses by Inmates AVAILABLE FOR PERMITTED TO PERSONAL E-MAIL SYSTEM PERSONAL USE SEND/RECEIVE MONITORING E-MAILS ALABAMA No No N/A ALASKA No No N/A ARIZONA No No N/A ARKANSAS No No N/A CALIFORNIA Yes No N/A COLORADO No No N/A CONNECTICUT Yes No N/A DELAWARE No No N/A FLORIDA No No N/A GEORGIA No No N/A HAWAII No No N/A IDAHO No No N/A ILLINOIS No response INDIANA No Yes Yes (4) IOWA Yes Yes; pilot Review of stage of certain words o-Mail and tracking linkages KANSAS Yes; for word No; pending N/A processing at some facilities KENTUCKY No Yes Yes; by mailroom staff LOUISIANA No Yes; pilot Review of program only in certain words one facility MAINE Yes; Limited No N/A MARYLAND Yes; for legal No N/A purposes by federal detainees only MASSACHUSETTS No No N/A MICHIGAN No Yes; receive Review of MINNESOTA No No N/A MISSISSIPPI No No N/A MISSOURI No No N/A MONTANA No No N/A NEBRASKA No No N/A NEVADA No No N/A NEW HAMPSHIRE No No N/A NEW JERSEY No No N/A NEW MEXICO No No N/A NEW YORK No No N/A NORTH CAROLINA No No N/A NORTH DAKOTA No Yes Screening within JPay contract * OHIO No No; pending N/A OKLAHOMA No No N/A OREGON No Yes (7) Filters and keyword searches byname, topic, etc. PENNSYLVANIA No No N/A RHODE ISLAND No No N/A SOUTH CAROLINA No No N/A SOUTH DAKOTA No No N/A TENNESSEE No No N/A TEXAS No No N/A UTAH Yes No N/A VERMONT No No N/A VIRGINIA No No N/A WASHINGTON Yes No N/A WEST VIRGINIA No No N/A WISCONSIN No No N/A WYOMING Yes No N/A CANADIAN SYSTEMS MANITOBA Yes No N/A NEW BRUNSWICK No No N/A NEWFOUNDLAND Yes No N/A NOVA SCOTIA No No N/A ONTARIO No No N/A COMPUTER USE TIME LIMITS FOR PERMITTED TO SYSTEM LEARNING COMPUTER USE ACCESS THE PROGRAM INTERNET ALABAMA Not specified Only during No class ALASKA Yes N/A No ARIZONA Yes Only during No class ARKANSAS Yes N/A No CALIFORNIA Yes Based on course No activities or on job assignments COLORADO Yes Thirty minutes No CONNECTICUT Yes Only during Yes, while at class or while the Job Center at the Job (1) Center DELAWARE Yes Two hours No during class FLORIDA Yes Likely in law No (2) library GEORGIA Yes Varies by type No of program HAWAII Yes Only during Yes (3) class IDAHO Yes Only during No class ILLINOIS INDIANA Yes N/A No IOWA Yes Not specified No KANSAS Yes N/A Limited to law library, only KENTUCKY Yes Only during No class LOUISIANA Yes One to three Yes (5) hours for educational services MAINE Yes recreation No Three hours during time MARYLAND No Five hours No during recreation time for federal detainees only MASSACHUSETTS Yes Course work No only; legal research MICHIGAN No N/A No MINNESOTA Yes Only During No class MISSISSIPPI Yes N/A No MISSOURI Yes N/A No MONTANA Yes Varies No NEBRASKA Yes Not specified No NEVADA No N/A No NEW HAMPSHIRE Yes Only during No class or library time NEW JERSEY Yes Varies No NEW MEXICO Yes Not specified No NEW YORK Yes Varies No NORTH CAROLINA Yes Consistent with No the approved course code NORTH DAKOTA Yes Not specified No OHIO Yes N/A No OKLAHOMA Yes N/A No OREGON Yes During class No only, one or more times per week PENNSYLVANIA Yes Not specified No RHODE ISLAND Yes; via a Not specified No stand-alone system SOUTH CAROLINA Yes N/A No SOUTH DAKOTA Yes Not specified No TENNESSEE Yes; literacy/ Varies No vocational programs TEXAS Yes N/A No UTAH Yes Based on No custody level VERMONT Yes Not specified No VIRGINIA Yes WA No WASHINGTON Yes Unknown No WEST VIRGINIA Yes No limits No have been established WISCONSIN Yes Not specified No WYOMING Yes Varies by No facility; one to three hours per day CANADIAN SYSTEMS MANITOBA Yes Based on No availability at various facilities NEW BRUNSWICK No N/A No NEWFOUNDLAND No N/A No NOVA SCOTIA No N/A No ONTARIO Yes N/A No PERMITTED TO PERMITTED TO SYSTEM TRACK PERSONAL ORDER OWN ACCOUNTS SUPPLIES ALABAMA No No ALASKA No No ARIZONA No No ARKANSAS No No CALIFORNIA No No COLORADO No No CONNECTICUT No No DELAWARE No No FLORIDA No No GEORGIA No No HAWAII No No IDAHO No No ILLINOIS INDIANA Yes; JPay No account monitoring * IOWA Yes; restricted No to minimum- security levels KANSAS Yes; only Not specified account monitoring KENTUCKY Yes; only from No commissary LOUISIANA No No MAINE No No MARYLAND No No MASSACHUSETTS No No MICHIGAN No No MINNESOTA No (6) No MISSISSIPPI No No MISSOURI Yes; from No kiosks MONTANA No No NEBRASKA No No NEVADA No No NEW HAMPSHIRE No; kiosks No are planned NEW JERSEY No No NEW MEXICO No No NEW YORK No No NORTH CAROLINA No No NORTH DAKOTA No No OHIO No No OKLAHOMA No No OREGON No; pending No; pending PENNSYLVANIA No No RHODE ISLAND No No SOUTH CAROLINA No No SOUTH DAKOTA No No TENNESSEE No No TEXAS No No UTAH No No VERMONT No No VIRGINIA No No WASHINGTON Yes No WEST VIRGINIA No No WISCONSIN No No WYOMING No No CANADIAN SYSTEMS MANITOBA No No NEW BRUNSWICK No No NEWFOUNDLAND No No NOVA SCOTIA No No ONTARIO No No (1) CONNECTICUT: The Internet can be used to access the Department of Labor while at the Job Center; other sites are blocked, but can be opened on a case-by-case basis after a review. (2) FLORIDA: Access to the Internet may be permitted within the prison industries programs, under staff supervision. (3) HAWAII: Firewalls are installed and the education administrator may give approval for use. (4) INDIANA: Kiosks are available, specifically designed to transmit and receive e-mails from approved recipients/senders; all e-mails are automatically saved and usage is monitored. (5) LOUISIANA: Under the direct supervision of designated correctional staff, only offenders who are within 45 days of release may access a link to the Louisiana Workforce Commission's Web site to complete a real-time job resume. (6) MINNESOTA: Via an electronic card-swiping system, inmates may access their account balance, but not by computer or Internet access. (7) OREGON: A pilot program with a third-party vendor is operating at two remote institutions; citizens may send e-mails, which are printed for inmates, or inmates may compose a message to be sent electronically to their families. * JPay is a private company that provides e-commerce solutions to correctional institutions. COMPUTER USE FOR/BY INMATES Table 3: Law Library Availability/Incidents of Violations SYSTEM USES/RESTRICTIONS RULE VIOLATIONS WITHIN LAW LIBRARY WITHIN PAST YEAR ALABAMA Stand-alone models for Yes; not specified use in gathering information/sources only ALASKA The library is a closed, No online system through Citrix and Lexis/Nexis ARIZONA No usage N/A ARKANSAS Read-only CDs No CALIFORNIA Kiosk-based systems for Not specified research COLORADO No usage N/A CONNECTICUT The department does not Yes, but due to an maintain a law library, ongoing investigation but inmates have access the details may not be to computerized legal shared; the incidents information within the involve a system that is general library; not part of the available via department network. Lexis/Nexis but not accessed from the Internet DELAWARE No Internet access No FLORIDA All correctional Yes; most involve the facilities housing more use of inmate-work than 500 inmates have computers for personal law libraries with use, such as preparing collections largely personal or other computer-based (on DVDs, inmates' legal not online); a word documents, legal mail, processing service is and/or general mail. available, but only assigned clerks may perform the function. GEORGIA Available, but not Inmates have written specked password protection, locking staff out of computers for monitoring purposes; however, there have been incidents of producing contraband and/or make-shift weapons from "cannibalized" computer arts. HAWAII Kiosks are provided with Yes; at times, inmates relevant law-related have been able to material. manipulate the system to access games, etc. IDAHO No usage Yes, but fairly minor, such as using educational computers for personal use i.e., personal letters, etc. ILLINOIS No response INDIANA Available for reference One escape aided through material only and to e-mail usage; however, conduct job searches the offender was caught under supervision because of information gathered from those e-mails IOWA Used for typing and Yes; not working and CD-ROM searches playing games or for personal use in some job assignments KANSAS Limited to accessing No Lexis/Nexis only KENTUCKY Available, but not Isolated incidents specified attempting to access the Internet or to store personal documents on hard drives LOUISIANA Internet access is not Internal issues: two, allowed to connect to making gambling tickets; the law library resource three, pornographic services; law library material was found; two, information is stored burning music CDs; and locally on the library two, accessing an computer or a dedicated instructor's computer services and not on the department's network. MAINE A closed system No available for three hours During recreation time MARYLAND No access to the No Internet MASSACHUSETTS No access to the No Internet MICHIGAN Only inmates who work as Minor misuse for legal assistant clerks personal gain may access stand-alone computers. MINNESOTA Available for accessing No reference and other books on CD-ROM, not the Internet MISSISSIPPI No usage N/A MISSOURI May access law material Minor misuse on work only; all print computers for personal capabilities are usage controlled by the librarian. MONTANA Restricted to legal Yes, various policy documents only and violations research materials provided by the department NEBRASKA Information is available No only in the law library and the system is not networked. NEVADA No access to the No Internet; dedicated to Thompson, Westlaw, Case law applications only; information loaded via CD-ROM by library supervisor only NEW HAMPSHIRE Direct Internet No connection to Lexis/Nexis for research and available for word processing, spreadsheets or other written reports NEW JERSEY Designated for legal use Yes, creating only and not accessible unauthorized documents; to the Internet attempting unauthorized use of the equipment; attempting to access the Internet NEW MEXICO No usage An inmate acquired a staff member's password and accessed the Internet on the staff member's computer. NEW YORK No access to the Attempts to use Internet; documents may inappropriately (e.g., not be saved; and no producing documents, disks or thumb drives ma etc. be used. NORTH CAROLINA No usage N/A NORTH DAKOTA No access to the No Internet; Lexis/Nexis available OHIO No access to the No Internet; all law books are computer-based OKLAHOMA No access to the Unauthorized use of Internet; resource staff computers material is computerized OREGON Communicating with one A death row inmate another is not hacked into the inmate permitted; legal network and was hiding applications are files within the networked. network. PENNSYLVANIA Yes, but not specified Not specified RHODE ISLAND All use is monitored by No the librarian. SOUTH CAROLINA Stand-alone computers An inmate broke into a are available; staff case to steal a fan monitor the usage and motor to make a tattoo quarterly updates are gun sent by the vendor to the staff for updates via portable disks. SOUTH DAKOTA No usage N/A TENNESSEE Allowed access to Accessed a state server applicable legal used in the correctional information/ industries data plant publications (e.g., Black's Law Dictionary) TEXAS No usage N/A UTAH No usage Unauthorized access to the Internet VERMONT All software is internal Not specified with no Internet access. VIRGINIA Allowed to use available Alleged download of disks for research music onto a media player by an inmate assigned to a computer for his job; currently under investigation WASHINGTON Not specified Unknown WEST VIRGINIA Permitted to use law No content converted to CD-ROM WISCONSIN Access to legal Yes, but not specified information via Lexis/Nexis WYOMING Allowed to use legal Forging documents; research software only attempting to bypass computer security policies; printing documents over page limit; recording disallowed materials onto CDs CANADIAN SYSTEMS MANITOBA There is a growing Small number of frequency to have incidents of inmates retain laptops disassembling computers in their possession to to make tattoo guns, view disclosure homebrew "bugs," etc. materials relating to their trials; strict rules apply. NEW BRUNSWICK No usage N/A NEWFOUNDLAND No usage N/A NOVA SCOTIA No usage N/A ONTARIO No usage N/A
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|Title Annotation:||Survey Summary|
|Date:||Jun 22, 2009|
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