Compatible land use partnerships.
There was a time when many military installations were considered remote. They had few neighbors, generated few complaints, experienced few environmental restrictions, and conducted their business relatively unimpeded unimpeded
not stopped or disrupted by anything
Adj. 1. unimpeded - not slowed or prevented; "a time of unimpeded growth"; "an unimpeded sweep of meadows and hills afforded a peaceful setting" . However, that era is clearly over. As a result, the Army is redefining its relationship with its neighbors, wildlife included.
Installations that often were strategically placed in relatively unpopulated areas now support communities that have developed because of the installations. The environmental awakening of 1960s and 1970s brought about an age of new legislation and requirements. The Army manages more than 15 million acres (6 million hectares) that are home to more than 175 threatened or endangered plant and animal species and many more at-risk species. Simultaneously, technologies employed by the armed forces allow soldiers to engage the enemy over ever increasing distances. Skills required for war must be taught and practiced in order to be used in battle. These seemingly competing demands on the land base are increasingly stressing Army training.
Numerous installations across the country are experiencing training restrictions due to development, incompatible land uses around their borders, and the presence of threatened or endangered species endangered species, any plant or animal species whose ability to survive and reproduce has been jeopardized by human activities. In 1999 the U.S. government, in accordance with the U.S. . Collectively, incompatible land uses or restrictions that affect military training are referred to as encroachment.
Over the past 15 years, the Years, The
the seven decades of Eleanor Pargiter’s life. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 1109]
See : Time Army has fine tuned methods of securing compatible land uses in the vicinity of Army installations to protect the Army training mission, the natural resources that sustain it, and the quality of life of the local community. The most recent initiative is the Army Compatible Use Buffer (ACUB) program, which was established to resolve installation encroachment issues. This program began when Fort Bragg Fort Bragg, U.S. army base, 11,136 acres (4,507 hectares), E N.C., N of Fayetteville; est. 1918. Originally an artillery post, it is now the principal U.S. army airborne-training center and the site of the Special Warfare School. received a biological opinion from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service that planned training activities would likely jeopardize the endangered red-cockaded woodpecker About the size of the Northern Cardinal, the Red-cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides borealis) is approximately 20-22 cm long, with a wingspan of about 35 cm. Its back is barred with black and white horizontal stripes. (Picoides borealis), or RCW RCW Revised Code of Washington (state law)
RCW Runtime Callable Wrapper (Microsoft .NET)
RCW Red-Cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides Borealis)
RCW Real Color Wheel . The resulting training restrictions essentially shut down several training areas on Fort Bragg. The heart of the problem was a lack of land available for habitat management. Located in the North Carolina North Carolina, state in the SE United States. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), South Carolina and Georgia (S), Tennessee (W), and Virginia (N). Facts and Figures
Area, 52,586 sq mi (136,198 sq km). Pop. Sandhills Sandhills could be:
Fort Bragg looked outside its fences to deal with its conservation challenges. In doing so, it entered into a community of diverse stakeholders. In the beginning, some of the working relationships were polarized A one-way direction of a signal or the molecules within a material pointing in one direction. , but over time these diverse groups managed to develop a strategy: the Army would work with its partners to conserve and restore habitat on lands near Fort Bragg by purchasing interests in land from willing sellers. The Army would contribute funds to its partners, who in turn would work to enroll private landowners in the program. This effort, called the Fort Bragg Private Lands Initiative, led to an increase in land available for RCW management.
Over the past 15 years, the Fort Bragg Private Lands Initiative has seen a significant increase in woodpecker woodpecker, common name for members of the Picidae, a large family of climbing birds found in most parts of the world. Woodpeckers typically have sharp, chisellike bills for pecking holes in tree trunks, and long, barbed, extensible tongues with which they impale breeding pairs, including birds on Fort Bragg. Through years of observation, research, and land management, military training and RCW conservation have become compatible on Fort Bragg and other military installations.
In 2003, citing the Fort Bragg initiative as a model, Congress expanded the authority of the armed services The Constitution authorizes Congress to raise, support, and regulate armed services for the national defense. The President of the United States is commander in chief of all the branches of the services and has ultimate control over most military matters. to enter into cooperative agreements for conservation and encroachment purposes. This was a milestone in the transition from the Private Lands Initiative at Fort Bragg to the nation wide ACUB program. To date, 14 Army installations have joined the ACUB program and six more are in the developmental stage. The program has helped to protect approximately 45,000 acres (18,210 ha) of wildlife habitat outside of military installations. Nearly $20 million in Department of Defense funds leveraged partner contributions estimated at $91 million.
The RCW will turn out to be a major beneficiary. Five Army installations (Camp Blanding Camp Blanding is the primary military reservation and training station for the Florida National Guard, located in Starke, Clay County, Florida which is near Jacksonville. The site measures approximately 73,000 acres (300 km²). , Florida; Camp Shelby, Mississippi; Fort Bragg, North Carolina
Fort Bragg is a major United States Army installation, in Cumberland and Hoke Counties, North Carolina, U.S. ; Fort Benning, Georgia; and Fort Stewart, Georgia) are protecting woodpecker habitat around the bases through this program. Fort Bragg has already achieved its recovery objective within its boundaries, and it continues to work with partners and willing neighbors to expand habitat beyond the fence-line.
By working with their neighbors, defense installations are becoming more active members of their surrounding communities. Camp Blanding's ACUB happens to be a small part of the much larger Florida Forever program administered by the state. Florida Forever is a statewide land acquisition effort that protects vital ecosystem functions and services.
In the state of Washington, Fort Lewis's developing ACUB is a partnership among The Nature Conservancy, the state, and the installation. The program in this case intends to protect habitat for four candidate species so that they will not need to be listed. These species occupy a prairie ecosystem and include the mardon skipper and Taylor's checkerspot check·er·spot
Any of various butterflies of the genus Melitaea native to North America, having a spotted or checkered pattern on the wings. butterflies, the streaked horned lark, and the Mazama pocket gopher The Mazama Pocket Gopher, Thomomys mazama, is a smooth-toothed pocket gopher restricted to the Pacific Northwest. The species ranges from coastal Washington, through Oregon, and into north-central California. .
Such stories are multiplying around Army bases across the nation. Through the ACUB program, installations are working to preserve their mission, the natural resources on and off the installation, and the quality of life in surrounding communities. In so doing, the Army is sustaining the environment for a secure future.
John Housein is a wildlife biologist for the U.S. Army Environmental Center.