Cleveland's universal student desktops.
Access has increased, since software is not tied to specific computers as in systems where the computer is preloaded. "It's self-service. A student can use any PC in a building to access the program he needs," says Bender.
In addition, AppStream allows the district to measure time on task per application, per student. Time on task data combined with test scores helps the district determine the effectiveness of educational software.
The software also has provided the foundation for a universal student desktop. Next year CMSD plans to pilot student accounts and provide them with access to software based on course enrollment. For example, a seventh-grader could tap into the appropriate math, social studies and foreign language software on any building computer. Eventually, software could follow students from building to building or building to home, says Bender. Such flexibility could ease challenges that stem from a 30 percent student mobility rate, he concludes.