Cigarettes and dental health.
A staining of those pearly whites is not the only adverse effect cigarettes pose to a smoker's teeth, a major dental study suggests. Serious gum disease gum disease Dentistry Gingival disease, often in the form of gingivitis and bone loss 2º to toxins produced by bacteria in plaque accumulating along the gum line Clinical Early–painless bleeding; pain appears with advanced GD as bone loss around the may also occur.
As part of a large dental study being conducted at the Veterans Administration (VA) Outpatient Clinic in Boston, researchers from that clinic and the VA Medical Center in Philadelphia are looking at how the progression of dental disease among otherwise healthy men differs between smokers and nonsmokers. (For this study, a nonsmoker had never smoked or had quit by the time the study began.)
Data from two follow-up examinations over six years showed that smokers develop more calculus (rock-hard calcified Calcified
Hardened by calcium deposits.
Mentioned in: Heart Valve Repair accretions on tooth surfaces) but less dental plaque dental plaque
A film of mucus and bacteria on a tooth surface. Also called bacterial plaque. , the bacteriations on tooth surfaces) but less dental plaque, the bacterialaden mucous film that tooth brushing can remove. Contrary to conventional widsom, smokers exhibited no increased risk of developing gingivitis gingivitis (jĭn'jəvī`tĭs), inflammation of the gums. It may be acute, subacute, chronic, or recurrent. The gums usually become red, swollen, and spongy, and bleed easily. (inflamed and bleeding gums). However, what most surprised the researchers, says Roy Feldman of the VA Medical Center, is that gingivitis proved so poor a clue to serious periodontal, or gum, disease among cigarette smokers. Periodontal disease Periodontal Disease Definition
Periodontal diseases are a group of diseases that affect the tissues that support and anchor the teeth. Left untreated, periodontal disease results in the destruction of the gums, alveolar bone (the part of the jaws where is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. One of its most serious signs is alveolar alveolar /al·ve·o·lar/ (al-ve´o-lar) [L. alveolaris ] pertaining to an alveolus.
Relating to an alveolus. bone loss, the rate at which bone is lost from that area in the jaw in which the teeth are set. The VA data show that this bone loss was greater and progressing significantly faster in smokers than in either nonsmokers or cigar/pipe smokers.