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Chlamydia; Facts to Know.

In 2002, the highest reported rates of chlamydia were among 15- to 19-year old females and 20- to 24-year old males.

Studies have shown that routine chlamydia screening and treatment can significantly reduce the incidence of lower genital tract chlamydia, as well as pelvic inflammatory disease.

An estimated 75 percent of infected women and 50 percent of infected men have no symptoms of chlamydia, and the majority of cases go undiagnosed.

From 1987 through 2002, reported chlamydia cases rose dramatically-from 50.8 to 296.5 per 100,000 persons. Rather than evidence of an uncontrolled epidemic, this trend mostly reflects increased screening of asymptomatic women and improved reporting.

Research has shown that women infected with chlamydia are two to five times more at risk of acquiring HIV than women not infected.

It has been estimated that up to 40 percent of women not treated for chlamydia will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). About 20 percent of women with PID may become infertile and 18 percent experience chronic pelvic pain.

For the years 1996 through 2002, the Southern region of the United States had the highest reported rates of chlamydia.

The rate of chlamydia among African-American women was eight times higher than the rate among Caucasians in 2002, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

References

Planned Parenthood. "Chlamydia: Questions and Answers." http://www.plannedparenthood.org. Revised March 2004. Accessed June 12, 2004.

Fact Sheet: New CDC Treatment Guidelines Critical to Preventing Health Consequences of Sexually Transmitted Diseases." May 9, 2002. http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed June 12, 2004.

"FDA Proposes New Warning for Over-the-Counter Contraceptive Drugs Containing Nonoxynol-9." FDA Talk Paper, January 16, 2003. http://www.fda.gov. Accessed March 2003.

Facts & Answers about STDs: Chlamydia. " American Social Health Association. http://www.ashastd.org. Accessed October 2001.

STD Surveillance 1999. National Profile. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2002). Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines 2002. MMWR, 2002, 51(No. RR-6).

"Genital infections United States, 1995." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. MMWR. March 7, 1997. Vol. 46 (9).

Connett, H. "What you need to know about chlamydia." STD Advisor, 1999; Vol. 2. Insert.

"The Hidden Epidemic: Confronting Sexually Transmitted Diseases." Institute of Medicine. Washington, D.C. National Academy Press. 1997.

"Chlamydia in the United States" Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Fact Sheet. Updated Aug. 2001. http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed Sept. 2001.

"Chlamydial Infection" National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health. Fact Sheet. Updated Jan. 2001. http://www.niaid.nih.gov. Accessed Sept. 2001.

Tarja A. et al. "Serotypes of Chlamydia trachomatis and Risk for Development of Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma" JAMA 2001;285: 47-51. http://jama.ama-assn.org.

"Lesbian Health" The National Women's Health Information Center. 1998. http://www.4woman.gov. Accessed Nov. 2002.

Keywords: chlamydia, pelvic inflammatory disease, pid
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Publication:NWHRC Health Center - Chlamydia
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Sep 14, 2005
Words:476
Previous Article:Chlamydia; Prevention.
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