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Chief's Logistics Review.

Changing Air Force Logistics

In September 1999, the Chief of Staff, United States Air Force United States Air Force (USAF)

Major component of the U.S. military organization, with primary responsibility for air warfare, air defense, and military space research. It also provides air services in coordination with the other military branches. U.S.
 (CSAF CSAF Campus Sustainability Assessment Framework
CSAF Chief of Staff, United States Air Force
CSAF Chemical-Specific Adjustment Factor
CSAF Center for the Study of Alternative Futures
CSAF Canadian Scottish Athletic Federation
) directed a top-to-bottom review of base-level logistics processes. The review was titled the CSAF Logistics Review (CLR (Common Language Runtime) The runtime engine in Microsoft's .NET platform. The CLR compiles and executes programs in Microsoft Intermediate Language (MSIL). The counterpart to the CLR for the Common Language Infrastructure (CLI), ECMA's standard version of . ), and the purpose was simple: improve our Expeditionary ex·pe·di·tion·ar·y  
1. Relating to or constituting an expedition.

2. Sent on or designed for military operations abroad: the French expeditionary force in Indochina.

Adj. 1.
 Aerospace Force (EAF EAF - Effort Adjustment Factor ) combat readiness Synonymous with operational readiness, with respect to missions or functions performed in combat. . Members from the headquarters staff, as well as operators and logisticians from all the major commands (MAJCOM MAJCOM Major Command (USAF) ), jointly participated in the review. The MAJCOM participants identified wing-level operations and logistics issues and recommended ways to strengthen processes to fix disconnects and gaps. The recommendations provide methods to enhance policy, procedures, training, discipline, and enforcement.

Numerous circumstances CIRCUMSTANCES, evidence. The particulars which accompany a fact.
     2. The facts proved are either possible or impossible, ordinary and probable, or extraordinary and improbable, recent or ancient; they may have happened near us, or afar off; they are public or
 contributed to the need for the CLR. Following the highly successful Desert Storm campaign, the Air Force embraced the objective wing concept-a significant change to the traditional wing organizational structure This article has no lead section.

To comply with Wikipedia's lead section guidelines, one should be written.
. We also replaced very detailed regulations and manuals with less specific instructions and policy directives. At the same time, we downsized the force by 25-35 percent and entered an era of sustained high ops tempo tempo [Ital.,=time], in music, the speed of a composition. The composer's intentions as to tempo are conventionally indicated by a set of Italian terms, of which the principal ones are presto (very fast), vivace (lively), allegro (fast),  with Northern and Southern Watch rotations, a presence in the Balkans, and humanitarian missions worldwide. Implementing the EAF concept helped provide predictability to the ops tempo, but our five-skill-level manning shortage continues to put an extreme burden on our core work force supporting the ongoing deployments. All these changes impact our ability to maintain EAF readiness.

Our operational needs have changed with EAF objectives, yet the processes to support them have remained largely unchanged. We simply adapted old processes to new concepts. Without a doubt, we have the most capable Air Force in the world--manned with the finest--and given a job to do, our logisticians will always succeed. However, it is time to rethink re·think  
tr. & intr.v. re·thought , re·think·ing, re·thinks
To reconsider (something) or to involve oneself in reconsideration.

 the processes and match our support to current operational concepts. CLR is aimed at doing just that. The CLR recommendations are all about restoring the emphasis on policy, procedures, training, discipline, and enforcement to improve our EAF readiness.

From September 1999 to July 2000, we conducted the review with participation of all MAJCOMs and presented the findings to the MAJCOM commanders in October 2000. After presenting additional information to the MAJCOM commanders in February 2001, we were given the go-ahead to test the initiatives at locations throughout the Air Force. The tests began this summer and will last about 6 months. Based on test results, we will develop recommendations and present them for approval prior to implementing tested CLR initiatives Air Force-wide.

I want to assure you that this review was not directed because anyone or any unit failed to perform the mission; rather, it is designed to improve our ability to support EAF operational concepts. We have the finest air force in the world, and the CLR will only make it better.

This article explains in detail the process and initiatives associated with the CLR. It begins with the driving forces behind CLR and culminates with an explanation of the test and evaluation processes.

The CLR is about looking to the future, defining better ways of providing logistics support to meet the dynamic requirements of the EAF. Since the shift to the EAF concept in October 1999, the operations community has implemented initiatives to make the Air Force more expeditionary, placing a premium on rapid deployment and employment of light forces and a smooth shift to sustainment in support of extended operations. The focus of the logistics community during this time has been on reducing the logistics footprint The amount of geographic space covered by an object. A computer footprint is the desk or floor surface it occupies. A satellite's footprint is the earth area covered by its downlink. See form factor.

 to speed deployment execution. The CLR shifts this focus to improving the execution of logistics processes. Through initiatives aimed at process improvement and realignment re·a·lign  
tr.v. re·a·ligned, re·a·lign·ing, re·a·ligns
1. To put back into proper order or alignment.

2. To make new groupings of or working arrangements between.
, improved focus on fleet capability, and enhanced technical training and officer development, the CLR seeks to position the logistics community more firmly in support of EAF operations.

The Motivation for a Logistics Review

A briefing presented to the Chief in September 1999, by General John P. Jumper General John P. Jumper is a United States Air Force officer who served as Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force from September 6, 2001 to September 2, 2005. He retired from the Air Force on November 1, 2005. Jumper was succeeded as Chief of Staff by General T. , then Commander, United States Air Forces in Europe The United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) is the U.S. Air Force component of U.S.  (USAFE USAFE United States Air Forces in Europe
USAFE Utah Safety Awareness and Fire Educators (Murray, UT) 
), was a key catalyst for the CLR. The briefing, entitled en·ti·tle  
tr.v. en·ti·tled, en·ti·tling, en·ti·tles
1. To give a name or title to.

2. To furnish with a right or claim to something:
 Posturing posturing Neurology The positioning of the body and limbs. See Decerebrate posturing, Decorticate posturing, Postural fixation Psychology1. The adoption of a rationalized mental stance 2. The making of gestures  Aircraft Maintenance for Combat Readiness, highlighted declining readiness trends and degraded de·grad·ed  
1. Reduced in rank, dignity, or esteem.

2. Having been corrupted or depraved.

3. Having been reduced in quality or value.
 warfighting skills, referencing experiences during Operation Allied Force/Operation Noble Anvil anvil

Iron block on which metal is placed for shaping, originally by hand with a hammer. The blacksmith's anvil is usually of wrought iron (sometimes of cast iron), with a smooth working surface of hardened steel.
 (OAF/ONA). [1] Subsequent to this briefing, the Chief directed a top-to-bottom review of logistics processes and training programs to identify actions required to resolve deficiencies that contribute to declining readiness trends in aircraft maintenance.

Responding to the Challenge

The CLR began with a memorandum to MAJCOM commanders enlisting their support to conduct a 1-year review of our logistics processes, with an eye toward recommending changes that facilitate the EAF. [2]

CLR goals and guidelines guidelines, a set of standards, criteria, or specifications to be used or followed in the performance of certain tasks.

* Keeping turbulence turbulence, state of violent or agitated behavior in a fluid. Turbulent behavior is characteristic of systems of large numbers of particles, and its unpredictability and randomness has long thwarted attempts to fully understand it, even with such powerful tools as  at a minimum by evaluating processes rather than organizations.

* Relating all changes/adjustments to the EAF, specifically whether changes should be made for more centralized cen·tral·ize  
v. cen·tral·ized, cen·tral·iz·ing, cen·tral·iz·es
1. To draw into or toward a center; consolidate.

 or decentralized de·cen·tral·ize  
v. de·cen·tral·ized, de·cen·tral·iz·ing, de·cen·tral·iz·es
1. To distribute the administrative functions or powers of (a central authority) among several local authorities.
 support for home and deployed forces.

* Considering leadership development for officers--look at both logisticians and operators.

* Developing changes or adjustments within constrained con·strain  
tr.v. con·strained, con·strain·ing, con·strains
1. To compel by physical, moral, or circumstantial force; oblige: felt constrained to object. See Synonyms at force.

 funding boundaries.

The Chief emphasized keeping turbulence at a minimum by concentrating on the most feasible wing-level process improvements and evaluating options by how they affect EAF implementation. Over the course of the study, the emphasis on EAF objectives led to the following expected impacts:

* Improve not mission-capable maintenance rate by 10 percent by 2004.

* Improve retention of five-level maintenance personnel to desired levels (approximately 55/75 percent).

* Produce a more professionally trained and capable force across all logistics disciplines.

* Stabilize stabilize

See peg.
 flying-hour program execution.

* Continue officer development for both logistics and rated officers.

* Enhance contingency contingency n. an event that might not occur.  planning, deployment, and execution.

* Instill in·still
To pour in drop by drop.

instil·lation n.
 same level of concern for fleet health as for sortie production.

* Instill balanced focus for fleet health and sortie production.

Enabling the EAF Through a Balanced Focus

To meet EAF time lines, units must deploy and set up support production processes quickly. Deploying units, therefore, must minimize equipment and support taken during the initial deployment. This, in turn, demands a support system that can deliver sufficient resources to sustain operations. These goals alone would require an analysis to determine if the current support processes can meet these new time pressures.

But an even larger issue faces the Air Force. While wings must respond to daily sortie production requirements, they must also maintain aircraft for other possible simultaneous or future engagements. When these demands compete, tradeoffs must be made. In an earlier RAND Project Air Force [3] study, Dahlman and Thaler THALER. The name of a coin. The thaler of Prussia and of the northern states of Germany is deemed as money of account, at the custom-house, to be of the value of sixty-nine cents. Act of May 22, 1846.

On the most basic level, United States Air Force (USAF) wings and squadrons are designed to produce two overarching o·ver·arch·ing  
1. Forming an arch overhead or above: overarching branches.

2. Extending over or throughout: "I am not sure whether the missing ingredient . . .
 and intimately connected outputs related to readiness. The first is the ability to provide current military capabilities; i.e., the activities universally associated with operational readiness The capability of a unit/formation, ship, weapon system, or equipment to perform the missions or functions for which it is organized or designed. May be used in a general sense or to express a level or degree of readiness. Also called OR. See also combat readiness. . If a wing had to go to war now, how well would its capabilities match up with the demands levied by the combatant commanders A commander of one of the unified or specified combatantcommands established by the President. See also combatant command; specified combatant command; unified combatant command.  in chief (CINCs)? Are the right numbers of personnel trained appropriately? Is equipment in good working condition with an adequate level of supplies? Can the requisite number of effective sorties be generated?

The current production of future capabilities, while usually receiving less attention, is equally important ... DoD and USAF guidance on and the management of readiness traditionally emphasize operational readiness, and the requirements for maintaining this readiness are explicit. The production of future capabilities, through the rejuvenation Rejuvenation

in extreme old age, restored to youth by Medea. [Rom. Myth.: LLEI, I: 322]

apples of perpetual youth

by tasting the golden apples kept by Idhunn, the gods preserved their youth. [Scand. Myth.
 of human capital by on-the-job training (OJT OJT On-The-Job Training
OJT Office de Justification des Tirages (predecessor of OJD) 
), however, is not normally recognized as a separate and equally important tasking that is embedded Inserted into. See embedded system.  in units. As units are deployed to support contingency operations A military operation that is either designated by the Secretary of Defense as a contingency operation or becomes a contingency operation as a matter of law (10 United States code (USC) 101[a][13]). It is a military operation that: a. , they must trade off building future capabilities for providing current ones. The longer this continues, the more units must postpone post·pone  
tr.v. post·poned, post·pon·ing, post·pones
1. To delay until a future time; put off. See Synonyms at defer1.

2. To place after in importance; subordinate.
 or scale back upgrade training and life-cycle maintenance of aircraft. Future commanders will then have a less experienced, less capable force from which to draw. [4]

Future fleet health and growing the human capital necessary to produce readiness in the future is not receiving enough attention. The tradeoff decisions between fleet health for daily sortie production requirements and investment in human capital through training, as well as other initiatives that contribute to future fleet health, are being made in favor of upon the side of; favorable to; for the advantage of.

See also: favor
 near-term capability. CLR participants recognize this imbalance imbalance /im·bal·ance/ (im-bal´ans)
1. lack of balance, such as between two opposing muscles or between electrolytes in the body.

2. dysequilibrium (2).
, so achieving a balance became an underlying theme for the effort.

Methodology and MAJCOM Inputs

The CLR methodology focused on MAJCOMs and wings. Air Staff and RAND Project Air Force researchers developed and refined the formal methodology, building a study matrix outlining participants, time lines, evaluation metrics metrics Managed care A popular term for standards by which the quality of a product, service, or outcome of a particular form of Pt management is evaluated. See TQM. , core process definitions, and a list of potential targets of opportunity (ToO) for logistics process improvement.

The MAJCOMs were directly involved in establishing an initial set of ToO and asked to identify problems and solutions associated with each. MAJCOM representatives agreed on a final set of ten basic ToO, cutting across all the core logistics functions, and then were asked to address each in detail through formal written input (Table 1).

The MAJCOM input highlighted a wide range of challenges facing wing-level logisticians, but a number of core issues repeatedly surfaced for each area (Table 2).

MAJCOMs were asked to provide, in collaboration with their peers, a second round of submissions on specific process improvements for each ToO (Table 3). These submissions generated MAJCOM solution statements that addressed the previously identified problem statements. The solution statements were grouped into four process focus areas, within which the options were analyzed an·a·lyze  
tr.v. an·a·lyzed, an·a·lyz·ing, an·a·lyz·es
1. To examine methodically by separating into parts and studying their interrelations.

2. Chemistry To make a chemical analysis of.


Four Process Focus Areas

The ToO and MAJCOM inputs were grouped into four process focus areas: technical training and officer development, materiel management See: inventory control. , contingency planning, and sortie production and fleet health management (Figure 1).

The first focus area is training and officer development, and the second process focus area is materiel management. The supply management and transportation ToO were mapped into the materiel-management process focus area. Contingency planning, the third focus area, is defined as those activities associated with deployment planning Operational planning directed toward the movement of forces and sustainment resources from their original locations to a specific operational area for conducting the joint operations contemplated in a given plan.  and execution. The logistics plans ToO provided the basis for problems and solution options within the contingency planning process focus area. Finally, the fourth process focus area, sortie production and fleet health management, is defined as those activities associated with sortie generation (organizational-level maintenance), intermediate-level maintenance, and long-term Long-term

Three or more years. In the context of accounting, more than 1 year.


1. Of or relating to a gain or loss in the value of a security that has been held over a specific length of time. Compare short-term.
 health of the fleet. MAJCOM inputs associated with the following ToO were mapped into the sortie production and fleet health management process focus area: maintenance management, maintenance inspections, maintenance repairs, sortie generation, and ammunition This article is largely based on the article in the out-of-copyright 11th edition of the Encyclopdia Britannica, which was produced in 1911. It should be brought up to date to reflect subsequent history or scholarship (including the references, if any).  storage/management.

MAJCOMs submitted more than 5,000 inputs that were distilled into 618 individual problem statements with associated solutions. Of those, 423 were within the scope of the CLR. The remaining 195 were deemed outside the scope primarily because they did not focus on wing-level logistics processes. Items beyond the scope of CLR were forwarded to the appropriate Air Staff agency for consideration in future policy and programming decisions. The 423 core CLR problem-and-solution options were analyzed within one of the four process focus areas and refined for presentation to senior Air Force leaders.

Analysis Results

MAJCOM, Air Staff, and RAND Project Air Force representatives analyzed the MAJCOM inputs for common themes and improvement strategies in each of the process focus areas, as outlined below.

Technical Training and Officer Development

Training for all logistics officers needs improvement. One problem is the somewhat haphazard hap·haz·ard  
Dependent upon or characterized by mere chance. See Synonyms at chance.

Mere chance; fortuity.

By chance; casually.
 nature of the current process. For example, there is no training plan that spans a logistics officer's career, and OJT is not standardized standardized

pertaining to data that have been submitted to standardization procedures.

standardized morbidity rate
see morbidity rate.

standardized mortality rate
see mortality rate.
 across wings. A second problem is that the opportunities for formal training, after completion of technical school, are limited. Furthermore, there is no requirement that officers complete the courses offered. The training situation was similar in the past, but deficiencies were overcome in several ways, including more comprehensive basic technical school training, closer monitoring of logistics careers, performance recognition by the Air Force Personnel Center under Palace Log, and finally, diligent dil·i·gent  
Marked by persevering, painstaking effort. See Synonyms at busy.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin d
 and competent mentoring. Mentors provide opportunities to attend secondary schools or field training detachment detachment /de·tach·ment/ (de-tach´ment) the condition of being separated or disconnected.

detachment of retina , retinal detachment
 classes, as well as their own training and education.

In addition to training and mentoring, there are problems with career paths for maintenance and logistics officers. Too much emphasis on crossflow Cross´flow`   

v. i. 1. To flow across, or in a contrary direction.
 into other logistics functional areas detracts from the development of core competencies A core competency is something that a firm can do well and that meets the following three conditions specified by Hamel and Prahalad (1990):
  1. It provides customer benefits
  2. It is hard for competitors to imitate
  3. It can be leveraged widely to many products and markets.
. The emphasis on crossflow results from the orientation of the 21L (logistician lo·gis·tic   also lo·gis·ti·cal
1. Of or relating to symbolic logic.

2. Of or relating to logistics.

[Medieval Latin logisticus, of calculation
) career path, which is geared to the development of generalists. The 21L designation requires acquisition of a second AFSC AFSC American Friends Service Committee
AFSC Alaska Fisheries Science Center
AFSC Air Force Systems Command
AFSC Air Force Specialty Code
AFSC Air Force Space Command
AFSC Armed Forces Services Corporation
AFSC Army Field Support Command
, mandating crossflow. Since wartime unit type codes are usually mated with specific AFSCs, generalists are in less demand for AEF AEF: see World War I.  deployments, calling into question the utility of the generalist gen·er·al·ist
A physician whose practice is not oriented in a specific medical specialty but instead covers a variety of medical problems.

 in wartime scenarios.

The crossflow and career development issues resulted in an initiative to refine the core logistics officer career field. The foundation of the refinement effort is establishing dual-track logistics officer career paths. The dual-track concept aligns aircraft maintenance and munitions/missile maintenance in one track and supply, transportation, and logistics plans in another. Officers will gain experience and qualifications in their core track or path with some amount of crossflowing between the two tracks. The details of the dual-track concept are still being formulated for·mu·late  
tr.v. for·mu·lat·ed, for·mu·lat·ing, for·mu·lates
a. To state as or reduce to a formula.

b. To express in systematic terms or concepts.

, with the goal of developing officers with greater depth of experience.

Complementing the logistics career path refinement is development of a logistics weapons school. Lessons learned from Desert Storm and, most recently, Operation Allied Force highlighted deficiencies in logistics officer training. The difficulties confronted by company-grade logistics officers, deployed forward and placed in key decision-making decision-making,
n the process of coming to a conclusion or making a judgment.

decision-making, evidence-based,
n a type of informal decision-making that combines clinical expertise, patient concerns, and evidence gathered from
 positions, centered on a lack of understanding and ability to integrate the combat support resources available to them to meet operational requirements (programming) operational requirements - Qualitative and quantitative parameters that specify the desired capabilities of a system and serve as a basis for determining the operational effectiveness and suitability of a system prior to deployment. . The Air Combat Command is leading the effort to develop an indepth PhD-level logistics officer weapons school curriculum for a select group of highly qualified, company-grade logisticians. The logistics weapons school will train a small number of officers each year, creating highly skilled operational logisticians competent in producing the following logistics effects: mobilization mobilization

Organization of a nation's armed forces for active military service in time of war or other national emergency. It includes recruiting and training, building military bases and training camps, and procuring and distributing weapons, ammunition, uniforms,
, deployment, beddown, sustainment, combat employment, redeployment re·de·ploy  
tr.v. re·de·ployed, re·de·ploy·ing, re·de·ploys
1. To move (military forces) from one combat zone to another.

, reconstitution, and command and control. In addition to honing Honing could refer to
  • Improving surface finish & geometry using a Hone
  • the practice of sharpening
  • Honing, Norfolk
 logistics skills, the school will provide instructional tools, enabling the graduates to return to their units and teach other wing-level logisticians in the art and science of logistics. Ultimately, this provides warfighting commanders with special expertise in the application of expeditionary logistics.

A final point for improving officer development regards rated officers who require maintenance training. This is particularly important in light of the increasing need to balance current sortie requirements with future capability. Without appropriate training, the officers who command maintenance functions may not be prepared to understand the intricacies of balancing sortie production and fleet health. There is a need for more senior noncommissioned officer non·com·mis·sioned officer
n. Abbr. NCO
An enlisted member of the armed forces, such as a corporal, sergeant, or petty officer, appointed to a rank conferring leadership over other enlisted personnel.
noncommissioned officer

NCO noncommissioned officer

NCO n abbr (Mil) (= noncommissioned officer) → Uffz. 
) training to better prepare them to assume expanded leadership roles under EAF operational concepts. Finally, Air Force training policy should be changed to synchronize See synchronization.  training cycles with the AEF rotational cycle.

Materiel Management

The MAJCOMs agreed to integrate the wing-level materiel management processes into a single authority responsible for base-level supply and transportation functions. This could be achieved by combining the current supply squadron A squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or warships. Army and Marines
A cavalry squadron (horse or armoured) typically consists of three to five troops.
 and transportation squadron into a new squadron focused on base-level materiel management, thus streamlining processes and eliminating overlapping functions. The advent of RSS (Really Simple Syndication) A syndication format that was developed by Netscape in 1999 and became very popular for aggregating updates to blogs and the news sites. RSS has also stood for "Rich Site Summary" and "RDF Site Summary.  and improved information technology have made base-level integration of these management processes more feasible.

Combining the squadrons also makes sense for better supporting the AEF concept. Computer technology in the RSS makes it possible to oversee all Air Force supplies. That took us a giant step beyond overseeing what is in the base supply warehouse. Armed with the ability to see all assets of the type needed, the next decision becomes selecting the one that can most quickly be moved to the place where it is needed. That brought together supply and transportation thinking in new ways.

Forming regional supply squadrons also reduced the size of the base supply operation. What is left of base supply is the cargo-receiving, storing, and issuing functions that are very similar to the transportation squadron's receiving, temporary storage, delivery, pickup Pickup

A gain in yield made by selling one bond and buying another. Also referred to as "yield pickup."

When the present yield is relatively low compared to the longer-term yields, pickups will be done by investors trying to increase the yield and duration of their
, packaging, and shipping duties. Combining these functions under one squadron commander reduces the handoffs and complexity of the base distribution system and synergizes some of the processes in ways that could reduce handling time.

Improvements will also be made in making timely and accessible mission-capability status reports by RSS available to their customers. Specific RSS support responsibilities should be established in the operation plan or negotiated between the RSS and the supported organizations.

Contingency Planning

Recommendations for contingency planning included improvements in planning and execution policy as well as base-support planning and site-survey policy. Many of these suggestions stem from experience in OAF/ONA. The most popular suggestion was updating Air Force Instruction (AFI AFI American Film Institute
AFI Awaiting Further Instructions
AFI Armed Forces Insurance
AFI A Fire Inside (band)
AFI Air Force Instruction
AFI Australian Film Institute
AFI Agencia Federal de Investigación
) 10-403, Air Force Deployment Planning, and AFI 10-404, Air Force Base Support Planning Policy, to include more detailed guidance for deployment and site surveys. Next, commands requested a standard, detailed deployment process and structure that clearly defines the tasks to be accomplished and the organization responsible for performing each action. They also suggested clearly defining the flow of deployment task assignments to each wing.

The MAJCOMs believe the current alignment of contingency planning activities and, more specifically, the logistics plans function inhibit inhibit /in·hib·it/ (in-hib´it) to retard, arrest, or restrain.

1. To hold back; restrain.

 wing-level contingency planning and execution. Some commands have logistics planning in the logistics support squadron, other commands have logistics planning in the wing planning office, and still other commands have some mix of these two structures. After extensive evaluation, there is a consensus among MAJCOMs that the alignment of logistics planning needs to be standardized. MAJCOMs view standardization standardization

In industry, the development and application of standards that make it possible to manufacture a large volume of interchangeable parts. Standardization may focus on engineering standards, such as properties of materials, fits and tolerances, and drafting
 as key to both officer development and smooth execution of deployment processes execution. MAJCOMs suggested two options for standardization: aligning a·lign  
v. a·ligned, a·lign·ing, a·ligns
1. To arrange in a line or so as to be parallel: align the tops of a row of pictures; aligned the car with the curb.
 all logistics plans functions under the wing logistics group or the wing planning function.

Sortie Production and Fleet Health

MAJCOMs indicated that balancing current sortie production requirements with maintaining fleet health for future requirements is not receiving enough attention. Better focus by wing commanders, operations group commanders, and logistics group commanders on metrics for both fleet health management and current sortie production requirements should improve both near- and long-term capabilities. To ensure such focus, training courses will include instruction on the proper use of metrics and their contribution to the quality of maintenance. Such metrics could contribute to fleet health assessments, quality assurance, maintenance analysis, and data collection and integrity enforcement. MAJCOMs also recommended enforcing policy on the use of metrics. This may be instituted at various levels of command, beginning with changing Air Force instructions Air Force Instructions (AFIs) are policies, directives, and guidelines for use by active duty, guard, and reserve members as well as associated civilians.

Some examples of an Air Force Instruction (AFI) is AFI 36-2903 Dress and Appearance of Air Force Personnel
 and other directives. Wing practices may be monitored through regular reporting to higher levels, staff assistance visits, and inspector general inspections for complianc e. MAJCOMS did not note specific faults with existing metrics, but all felt that a standard set of metrics should be created for managing sortie production and fleet health balance, guidance in AFI 21-101 and MAJCOM supplements should be strengthened, and more should be done to ensure compliance at every level. Wing commanders should ensure local strategies are in place to bring together data flowing from the two groups with aircraft maintenance responsibilities, and such data should meet MAJCOM reporting requirements. All commands emphasized the need to continue improving and simplifying data recording, maintenance data system accuracy, and availability of decision support tools as a means to improve performance.

MAJCOMs generally agreed on the need to improve maintenance policy detail and enforce compliance. The main recommendation was to update the current 21 series Air Force instructions and provide more detailed policy for maintenance scheduling and analysis to assist daily decision making. The MAJCOMs also recognized the need for supplemental updates to bring about wing-level and functional management guidance changes.

The review concluded that aligning fleet health functions under the logistics group would serve to better balance sortie generation and long-term fleet health requirements. This alignment will be tested as a near-term test initiative. The MOC MOC

See Market on Close.
, maintenance analysis, PS&D, quality assurance, and phase inspection sections would be consolidated under the logistics group. The MOC will remain a vital activity that coordinates maintenance actions between organizations. Sortie generation maintenance (on-equipment) remains in the operations squadrons under the operations group. MAJCOMs favored strengthening planning and scheduling coordination between the operations group and logistics group and increasing attention to metrics at group and wing levels. Finally, clearly defined lines of authority for the operations group commander and logistics group commander responsibilities will ensure proper balance of sortie production and fleet health needs.

Other areas where weaknesses in knowledge imply the need for improved training on sortie production and fleet health management include aircraft scheduling, aircraft battle damage repair Essential repair, which may be improvised, carried out rapidly in a battle environment in order to return damaged or disabled equipment to temporary service. Also called BDR. , war reserve materiel management, computerized computerized

adapted for analysis, storage and retrieval on a computer.

computerized axial tomography
see computed tomography.
 systems and analysis, and production supervisor/expediter basics. Several mechanisms are available to improve training, including an expanded role for the logistics training flight, increasing the availability of training managers, and improving the Career Field Education Training Plan.

Better training, including cross-utilization training and training in agile work force tasks that are mission design series (MDS MDS,
n See temporomandibular pain-dysfunction syndrome.

MDS 1 Maternal deprivation syndrome, see there 2 Myelodysplastic syndrome, see there
)/AFSC-specific, can help realize more efficient use of personnel. The Air Force would benefit if more three-level personnel could deploy for expeditionary operations. This would reduce the stress of excessive deployments for more senior personnel and help maintain the proper seniority mix needed for OJT of three-level personnel at home bases. A process to accomplish this should consider three-level maintenance upgrade training at such locations.

In general, maintenance efficiency could be improved with better policy enforcement. This requires training in the importance of the policies and in methods of ensuring their enforcement. Specific areas where better enforcement is needed include maintenance documentation, quality assurance, and technical orders.

The Air Force has a wealth of experience in developing job performance aids in maintenance at levels from junior technician Junior Technician (Jnr Tech, JT or J/T) is a rank in the Royal Air Force, ranking between Senior Aircraftman (SAC) and Corporal, with a NATO rank code of OR-2. As of 2005, no more airmen are being promoted to this rank.  to senior leadership. At the technical level, conversion from general technical orders to job performance guides has decreased training requirements and improved the accuracy of maintenance troubleshooting Troubleshooting is a form of problem solving. It is the systematic search for the source of a problem so that it can be solved. Troubleshooting is often a process of elimination - eliminating potential causes of a problem.  and repair actions. At the top level, a handbook
For the handbook about Wikipedia, see .

This article is about reference works. For the subnotebook computer, see .
"Pocket reference" redirects here.
 developed years ago for USAFE wing commanders and the more recent Senior Level Maintenance Course have helped provide greater maintenance knowledge to higher ranking operators. Most MAJCOMs noted the need for a senior leaders' analysis handbook and a scheduling and planning quick-reference guide. There may be additional opportunities for leveraging investments in logistics decision support tools that should also be considered.

Formulating Recommendations

The consolidated recommendations resulted in a set of must-do and should-do solutions and implementation actions (Table 4). The recommended solutions were presented to each MAJCOM commander, whose comments were incorporated prior to being presented at Corona Corona, city, United States
Corona (kərō`nə), city (1990 pop. 76,095), Riverside co., S Calif.; inc. 1896. The city developed as a primary citrus fruit producer and shipping center. There is also light manufacturing.
 Fall in October 2000.

With few exceptions, the recommendations received widespread support and were approved for testing. The Chief asked that some recommendations undergo additional analysis. These were subsequently approved for testing. Prior to implementation across the Air Force, however, the Chief of Staff asked that the initiatives be tested over a 6-month period, resulting in CLR phase 2 testing and implementation.

Next Steps--Implementing and Evaluating Process Improvements

For CLR phase 2, it was necessary to classify clas·si·fy  
tr.v. clas·si·fied, clas·si·fy·ing, clas·si·fies
1. To arrange or organize according to class or category.

2. To designate (a document, for example) as confidential, secret, or top secret.
 initiatives according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.

2. In keeping with: according to instructions.

 their evaluation and implementation time line. Some, such as policy refinement, were already underway as a function of day-to-day business at the Air Staff. Others, focused on the near term, were appropriate for CLR field testing. Still others were more strategic in nature and could be implemented only over several years. Below are, first, near-term initiatives--or those that will undergo implementation testing at selected sites beginning in summer 2001--with subsequent implementation across the Air Force (subject to favorable fa·vor·a·ble  
1. Advantageous; helpful: favorable winds.

2. Encouraging; propitious: a favorable diagnosis.

 test results). We then discuss long-term initiatives or those that have implementation and evaluation lead times extending beyond 2001. Finally, we discuss continuous refinement initiatives already underway, either as a result of previous efforts (for example, regional supply squadrons) or policy revisions that are accomplished routinely.

Near-Term Test Initiatives

Near-term test initiatives focus on process improvement and realignment of responsibilities for key processes. In materiel management, these initiatives will examine the integration of wing-level supply and transportation processes and alignment of those functions under a single squadron. In the contingency planning process focus area, initiatives include aligning the logistics planning responsibilities under the logistics group commander, with one test placing logistics plans functions in the logistics support squadron, and the second placing them within the new squadron created to integrate supply and transportation processes.

Other near-term initiatives are in sortie production and fleet health. These include evaluating the impact on long-term fleet health of a renewed focus on metrics and the publication of a metrics handbook and aligning the responsibility for core fleet health functions (that is, MOC; phase; quality assurance; analysis; and plans, scheduling, and documentation) under the logistics group.

The tests of these initiatives have two goals. The first is to evaluate the impact of the initiatives on wing-level process performance. Measuring the impact on wing-level processes is difficult because of the short duration of the test and possibility of confounding confounding

when the effects of two, or more, processes on results cannot be separated, the results are said to be confounded, a cause of bias in disease studies.

confounding factor
 effects. The test will, therefore, include both qualitative and quantitative measures. Air Staff and RAND Project Air Force teams will gather quantitative data on process performance over the 6-month test period. The quantitative results may indicate little change in performance, but the qualitative analysis Qualitative Analysis

Securities analysis that uses subjective judgment based on nonquantifiable information, such as management expertise, industry cycles, strength of research and development, and labor relations.
, conducted through focused and open-ended interviews, will help in determining causal causal /cau·sal/ (kaw´z'l) pertaining to, involving, or indicating a cause.


relating to or emanating from cause.
 relationships between the process changes and quantitative measurement results. The second purpose is to ensure the initiatives do not produce unintended results in related logistics processes. The results of this analysis will be used to formulate formulate /for·mu·late/ (for´mu-lat)
1. to state in the form of a formula.

2. to prepare in accordance with a prescribed or specified method.
 final implementation recommendations to the Chief of Staff and senior Air Force leaders.

Long-Term Evaluation Initiatives

While the process improvement and realignment initiatives have a near-term focus, the officer development and technical training initiatives being developed by Air Staff and MAJCOM teams are more strategic or long term. Because the Centralized Intermediate Repair Facility (CIRF CIRF Centralized Intermediate Repair Facility
CIRF Cancer Immunology Research Foundation
CIRF Capital Improvement Reserve Fund
CIRF Center for Individual Responsibility and Freedom (Pensacola, FL)
CIRF Certified Information Reporting Filer
) test period extends beyond 2001, it is also in this category.

The officer development team is focusing attention on refining refining, any of various processes for separating impurities from crude or semifinished materials. It includes the finer processes of metallurgy, the fractional distillation of petroleum into its commercial products, and the purifying of cane, beet, and maple sugar  the core logistics career paths. First on its agenda is the move to a dual-track logistics officer career path. Aligning aircraft maintenance and munitions/missile maintenance in one track and supply, transportation, and logistics plans in another track will create the dual-track career path. In considering alternatives to the current crossflow policy, the team is researching methods for creating officers with more depth in a few core logistics functions, rather than, as currently done, less experience across many logistics functions. Additionally, the team is defining specific experience and qualification gates that logistics officers would pass through during their career. Other initiatives seek to develop job performance aids and courses for both logistics and flying squadron a squadron of observation or practice, that cruises rapidly about from place to place.

See also: Squadron
 commanders, providing them the tools needed to balance the needs of day-today sortie production and long-term fleet health maintenance.

The technical training team is working initiatives to improve and sustain the experience level of the enlisted en·list·ed  
Of, relating to, or being a member of a military rank below a commissioned officer or warrant officer.

 force by improving cross-utilization training, standardizing MDS training requirements and documentation, training for wartime tasks such as tank buildup build·up also build-up  
1. The act or process of amassing or increasing: a military buildup; a buildup of tension during the strike.

 and battle damage repair, and increasing training opportunities through improved management and availability of training managers. Another key initiative underway is the development of a course for maintenance senior noncommissioned officers on the use of metrics and tradeoff analysis in balancing the needs of daily sortie production and long-term fleet health.

Establishing the logistics weapons school will take an extended period of time. The process entails identifying a cadre (company) CADRE - The US software engineering vendor which merged with Bachman Information Systems to form Cayenne Software in July 1996.  of personnel to stand up the school, preparing facilities, and developing the initial course curriculum. The cadre will refine, then validate To prove something to be sound or logical. Also to certify conformance to a standard. Contrast with "verify," which means to prove something to be correct.

For example, data entry validity checking determines whether the data make sense (numbers fall within a range, numeric data
 the curriculum, targeting January 2003 as the first class start date.

The CLR validated val·i·date  
tr.v. val·i·dat·ed, val·i·dat·ing, val·i·dates
1. To declare or make legally valid.

2. To mark with an indication of official sanction.

 the need to continue defining the peacetime and wartime benefits of the CIRF concept. The CIRF concept, which proved invaluable during QAF/ONA, is in the initial test/implementation stages for F-15 avionics avionics (ā'vēŏn`ĭks), electronic instruments used in air or space flight; also the design and production of such instruments. Early planes had few instruments, but as aviation and aircraft became more complex, so did instrumentation. , low-altitude navigation and targeting infrared An invisible band of radiation at the lower end of the visible light spectrum. With wavelengths from 750 nm to 1 mm, infrared starts at the end of the microwave spectrum and ends at the beginning of visible light.  for night, and electronic warfare Noun 1. electronic warfare - military action involving the use of electromagnetic energy to determine or exploit or reduce or prevent hostile use of the electromagnetic spectrum

military action, action - a military engagement; "he saw action in Korea"
 systems, as well as engines and phase inspections.

The testing of CIRFs will extend beyond the 6-month period and evaluate their effectiveness in supporting the AEF 7/8 and 9/10 rotations. The objectives of the CIRF tests are to:

* Analyze logistics footprint during AEF rotation deployments,

* Evaluate CIRF capabilities to support deployed unit's mission,

* Exercise decision authority between RSS, CIRFs, and transportation,

* Evaluate logistics costs, and

* Evaluate maintenance manpower trigger points trigger points

see local acupuncture points.
 at CIRFs. [6]

Both Air Staff and RAND Project Air Force will evaluate the test results and make recommendations on CIRF policies and procedures Policies and Procedures are a set of documents that describe an organization's policies for operation and the procedures necessary to fulfill the policies. They are often initiated because of some external requirement, such as environmental compliance or other governmental  prior to implementation of the concept throughout the Air Force.

Continuous Refinement Initiatives

In addition to enhancements to officer development and technical training for improving the skills of the logistics corps, the CLR also recognized the need for improvements in policy, specifically those that govern maintenance activities and force deployment and beddown. Maintenance policy is being revised to include detailed guidance that had been dropped. These revisions include a renewed emphasis on discipline and policy enforcement. Similar changes have already been made to the force deployment and beddown policies.

The CLR validated the ongoing efforts regarding RSS that are critical for expeditionary operations. The RSS effort focused on refining policies and procedures regarding the role of the RSS in supporting contingency operations, including pipeline metrics and decision support tools facilitating the RSS role as a combat support command-and-control node. These changes will enable the RSS to complement CIRF implementation.


The initiatives resulting from the CLR are designed to create a core logistics capability enabling the EAF to respond quickly and conduct sustained operations anywhere in the world. Realizing that potential, however, depends on Air Force recognition of the importance of balancing current day requirements with future needs. The Air Force must embrace different ways of doing business to deal with some of the fundamental problems that the MAJCOMs identified, many of which concerned the current imbalance between daily operations and future needs. Both operators and support personnel must understand the tradeoffs necessary in striking a balance between producing sorties now and producing continuous fleet health and growing human capital to meet future operational requirements. Operations and support personnel must share a set of proven metrics that bring day-to-day progress in attaining this balance, and wing leadership must act to attain a balance and improve human capital.

The CLR highlights the need to improve technical training in officer development and, thus, develop human capital necessary for supporting EAF operations. Many CLR initiatives aim to invest in the human capital and provide the tools needed for continued development of the logistics corps.

While achieving a balance between daily sortie production and maintaining a healthy fleet for future needs are critical to the expeditionary force An armed force organized to accomplish a specific objective in a foreign country.

expeditionary force ncuerpo expedicionario

expeditionary force ncorps m
, contingency planning and materiel management are also critical for quick deployment, immediate employment, and support of expeditionary operations. Recent history has proven the value of quick deployment and rapid resupply re·sup·ply  
tr.v. re·sup·plied, re·sup·ply·ing, re·sup·plies
To provide with fresh supplies, as of weapons and ammunition.


The CLR recommendations are aggressive, but they are tempered by a cautious approach to implementation. The test period can help ensure the initiatives are steps in the right direction and refine the initiatives to produce the desired impacts. However, the full impact of these initiatives will not be realized for years.


(1.) Gen John P. Jumper, "Posturing Aircraft Maintenance for Combat Readiness" briefing. Washington DC: HQ, USAF, Sep 99.

(2.) Gen Michael E. Ryan General Michael E. Ryan was Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force. He served as the senior uniformed Air Force officer responsible for the organization, training and equipage of 700,000 active-duty, Guard, Reserve and civilian forces serving in the United States and , "Air Force Logistics" memorandum, Washington DC: HQ, USAF, 4 Oct 99.

(3.) Lt Gen Lt Gen or LtGen
lieutenant general
 Michael E. Zettler. "Chief of Staff Logistics Review" briefing, Washington DC: HQ, USAF, 3 Oct 00.

(4.) RAND Project Air Force is the Air Force federally funded research and development center Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs) conduct research for the United States Government. They are administered in accordance with U.S Code of Federal Regulations, Title 48, Part 35, Section 35.017 by universities and corporations.  for studies and analyses.

(5.) C. J. Dahlman and D. E. Thaler, Assessing Unit Readiness See: readiness. : case Study of an Air Force Fighter Wing, RAND, DB-296-AF, 2000.

(6.) Zettler.

(7.) CLR CIRF Test Plan (Draft), HQ USAF/ ILM, Apr 00.

General Zettler is the Air Force Deputy Chief of Staff, Installations and Logistics.

CLR Targets of Opportunity

1 Maintenance Management

1.1 Describe how best to provide available aircraft to support EAF.

1.1.1 Consider how maintenance is controlled day-to-day and month-to-month month-to-month adj. referring to a tenancy in which the tenant pays monthly rent and has no lease, and the tenancy can be terminated by the landlord at any time on thirty-days notice. (See: tenancy, landlord and tenant)  (for example, maintenance operations center The facility or location on an installation, base, or facility used by the commander to command, control, and coordinate all crisis activities. See also base defense operations center; command center.  processes, production superintendent responsibilities).

1.1.2 Consider how maintenance and operations scheduling can be better utilized to provide best support for aerospace expeditionary force (AEF) flying schedules.

1.2 Describe how best to provide analysis for maintenance actions.

1.2.1 Consider predictive capability and deficiency analysis.

1.2.2 Consider deployment of logistics/maintenance information systems.

1.2.3 Consider management of database requirements.

1.3 Describe how best to provide senior-level control and accountability for maintenance actions.

1.3.1 Consider maintenance authority levels.

1.3.2 Consider balance between operational requirements and health of fleet (determinations/timing of deferred maintenance actions).

1.4 Describe how to best provide increased maintenance discipline.

1.4.1 Consider quality assurance requirements/techniques.

1.4.2 Consider technical order usage enforcement.

1.4.3 Consider maintenance documentation enforcement.

1.4.4 Consider maintenance standardization.

2 Maintenance Inspections (scheduled and unscheduled unscheduled

not planned or intended

Adj. 1. unscheduled - not scheduled or not on a regular schedule; "an unscheduled meeting"; "the plane made an unscheduled stop at Gander for refueling"

2.1 Describe how to best optimize optimize - optimisation  scheduled inspections.

2.1.1 Consider time change/time compliance technical order/in-process inspections, requirements, and timing.

2.1.2 Consider phase/periodic fleet management.

2.1.3 Consider phase/periodic quality.

2.1.4 Consider manpower requirements Human resources needed to accomplish specified work loads of organizations. .

3 Maintenance Repairs

3.1 Describe how to best provide standardization of repair processes across different organizations.

3.1.1 Consider aircrew protection processes (survival equipment, life support, egress See ingress. ).

3.1.2 Consider aerospace ground equipment (AGE)/munitions trailer/hydraulic maintenance processes.

4 Sortie Generation

4.1 Describe how to best provide maintenance capability of skills (Air Force specialty codes The Air Force Specialty Code (AFSC) is an alphanumeric code used by the United States Air Force to identify an Air Force Specialty (AFS). Officer AFSCs consist of four characters and enlisted AFSCs consist of five characters.  [AFSC]) that bridge multiple organizations.

4.1.1 Consider electroenvironmental processes.

4.1.2 Consider armament/weapons processes.

5 Training

5.1 Describe how to increase priority of and best provide maintenance upgrade and recurring re·cur  
intr.v. re·curred, re·cur·ring, re·curs
1. To happen, come up, or show up again or repeatedly.

2. To return to one's attention or memory.

3. To return in thought or discourse.
 training (enlisted).

5.1.1 Consider advocacy/champion for maintenance training at the base level.

6 Ammo Storage and Management

6.1 Describe how to best provide capability to store and maintain special weapons (for example, nuclear and so forth).

7 Supply Management

7.1 Describe how to best capture demand/compute requirements to support weapon systems.

7.1.1 Consider tailoring kits as appropriate to wartime taskings.

7.1.2 Consider method of developing reachback Reachback

The ability of a tax shelter or limited partnership to deduct certain costs and expenses at the end of the year that were incurred throughout the entire year.
 to support deployed operations.

8 Transportation Management

8.1 Describe how to best develop plans for and operation of transportation portions of base deployment operations.

8.1.1 Consider methods of using centralized control 1. In air defense, the control mode whereby a higher echelon makes direct target assignments to fire units. 2. In joint air operations, placing within one commander the responsibility and authority for planning, directing, and coordinating a military operation or group/category of  center (for example, air terminal operations The reception, processing, and staging of passengers; thereceipt, transit, storage, and marshalling of cargo; the loadingand unloading of modes of transport conveyances; and themanifesting and forwarding of cargo and passengers todestination. See also operation; terminal.  center/wing operations center) for peacetime and wartime operations.

8.1.2 Consider special purpose vehicle maintenance capability to maintain AGE or munitions mu·ni·tion  
War materiel, especially weapons and ammunition. Often used in the plural.

tr.v. mu·ni·tioned, mu·ni·tion·ing, mu·ni·tions
To supply with munitions.

8.1.3 Consider vehicle operations capability to operate refueling trucks or other delivery vehicles.

9 Logistics Plans

9.1 Describe how to best direct deployment (command and control).

9.1.1 Consider needs for standardization of logistics plans processes to support EAF/AEF deployments and mobility.

9.2 Describe how to best conduct strategic and war planning.

9.2.1 Consider Joint Operation Planning and Execution System A system that provides the foundation for conventional command and control by national- and combatant command-level commanders and their staffs. It is designed to satisfy their information needs in the conduct of joint planning and operations.  (JOPES JOPES Joint Operation Planning and Execution System ) qualifications and currency (potential of development of training database).

9.2.2 Consider site survey currency.

9.2.3 Consider base support plans currency.

9.2.4 Consider host-tenant support agreements currency.

9.3 Describe how to best manage war reserve materiel ma·te·ri·el or ma·té·ri·el  
The equipment, apparatus, and supplies of a military force or other organization. See Synonyms at equipment.

9.3.1 Consider prepositioned equipment ownership and management.

10 Officer Development

10.1 Describe how to best train, educate, and sustain logistics officers (for example, career development).

10.1.1 Consider accession Coming into possession of a right or office; increase; augmentation; addition.

The right to all that one's own property produces, whether that property be movable or immovable; and the right to that which is united to it by accession, either naturally or artificially.
 AFSCs and training in development of career paths.

10.1.2 Consider on-the-job logistics officer training program standardization upon initial base arrival (after technical school).

10.1.3 Consider recurring training and life-cycle training requirements.

10.1.4 Consider crossflow or career-broadening opportunities and staging points.

10.1.5 Consider field grade officer utilization in development of career paths.

10.1.6 Consider retention benefits.
Table 2. Common MAJCOM Problem Statements
Target of Opportunity         MAJCOM Problem Statements
1. Maintenance Management     * Maintenance operations
                                center (MOC) organizational
                                alignment prevents effective
                                scheduling and coordination
                                of maintenance activities.
                              * Authority for maintenance
                                is split between two groups
                                and impedes effective
                                maintenance processes.
2. Maintenance Inspections    * Scheduled maintenance is
                                sacrificed to fill short-term
                                operations requirements.
3. Maintenance Repairs        * Life-support, survival
                                equipment, and egress systems
                                perform very similar core
                                tasks that could be performed
                                by one specialized flight.
4. Sortie Generation          * Functional management and
                                effective streamlined use of
                                armament personnel are
5. Training                   * No single point of contact
                                for logistics training
6. Ammo Storage/Management    * Combat Ammunition System
                                has shortfalls.
7. Supply Management          * No command-and-control
                                structure to support multiple
                                AEF worldwide deployments.
8. Transportation Management  * Deployment command and
                                control system is slow.
                              * Deployment guidance is
9. Logistics Plans            * Lack of guidance negatively
                                impacts ability to lead
                                deployment operations.
10. Officer Development       * Logistics officer training
                                is nonstandard, haphazard, and
                                not mandated.
Table 3. Common MAJCOM Solution Statements
Target of Opportunity         MAJCOM Solution Statements
1. Maintenance Management     * Authorize MOC to resume
                                control functions.
                              * Centralize aircraft fleet
                                management and planning
                              * Align maintenance under
                                experienced, professional
2. Maintenance Inspections    * Centralize phase scheduling
                                and plans scheduling and
                                documentation (PS&D) under
                                organization responsible for
                                fleet health.
3. Maintenance Repairs        * Investigate realignment of
                                tasks for life-support,
                                survival equipment, and
                                egress systems into a single
4. Sortie Generation          * Centralize all armament
                                personnel under single group
5. Training                   * Centralize training
                                management within the wing
                                under the logistics group
6. Ammo Storage/Management    * Upgrade or replace combat
                                arms storage.
7. Supply Management          * Redesign readiness spares
                                packages to enable flexible
                              * Require regional supply
                                squadrons (RSS) to provide
                                timely mission-capable status
                                to customers.
8. Transportation Management  * Reorganize/realign the
                                deployment structure and
                                information flow.
                              * Revise deployment guidance
                                and standardize critical
9. Logistics Plans            * Revise deployment guidance
                                to standardize organization
                                and process.
10. Officer Development       * Develop Air Force training
                                policy to standardize OJT for
                                logistics officers
Table 4. CLR Proposed Initiatives and Implementation Actions [5]
Focus Areas
Technical Training Options
Must-Do Initiatives               Implementation Actions
* Enhance technical training.     * Redefine training manager
                                    duty policy.
* Increase availability of        * Devote training manager to
  training managers.               production training.
* Standardize and enforce         * Standardize MDS minimum
  training of wartime tasks.        upgrade requirements/
                                  * Develop Air Force-wide
                                    standardized curriculum for
                                    wartime tasks such as fuel
                                    tank buildup, aircraft battle
                                    damage repair, aircraft
                                    scheduling, war reserve
                                    materiel management, and so
                                  * Develop a process for units
                                    to utilize three levels at
                                    AEF contingency locations--
                                    must include three-level
                                    maintenance upgrade training
                                    at such locations.
* Change Air Force recurring      * Match recurring training
  training timing to coincide       with AEF cycles.
  with AEF cycles.
* Train logistics senior NCOs     * Develop technical leadership
  in technical leadership           course for senior NCOs that
  development.                      teaches:
                                    * Relationship of
                                      maintenance metrics to
                                      management decisions.
                                    * Long-term fleet health
Officer Development Options
Must-Do Initiatives               Implementation Actions
* Refine core logistics           * Establish training/
  career-field management and       experience gates for logistics
  crossflow policy.                 officers.
* Develop weapons school for      * Create logistics course
  logistics officers.               integrated with weapons school
                                    at Nellis AFB.
* Improve crossflow management.   * Publish specific logistics
                                    officer crossflow policy to
                                    guide commander decisions.
Should-Do Initiatives             Implementation Actions
* Align logistics officer         * Implement two officer career
  career paths into two track       paths:
  (maintenance/munitions and        * Logistics: transportation/
  materiel management/planning);      supply/logistics plans.
  include initial skills and        * Maintenance: aircraft/
  advanced train requirements.      munitions/missiles.
                                  * Ensure crossflow between
                                    the two.
                                  * Outline development process
                                    to grow senior logisticians in
                                    consonance with developing
                                    aerospace leaders.
Materiel Management Options
Must-Do Initiatives               Implementation Actions
* Provide guidance for            * Develop overarching command
  materiel management pipeline      and control (C2) policy to
  analysis.                         support EAF.
* Develop specific metrics        * Define performance
  for materiel management           indicators for moving parts
  activities to drive pipeline      from flight line to end
  performance in support of         destination.
  operational requirements.
                                  * Refine Air Force policy to
                                    ensure spares are equitably
                                    distributed during AEFs/
* Improve RSS policy.             * Build standard Air Force RSS
* Continue to develop and         * Define for peacetime,
  refine policy to address RSS      wartime, and contingency
  responsibilities in support of    operations.
  contingency operations.
                                  * Incorporate lessons learned
                                    from air war over Serbia.
* Develop training on RSS         * Develop training to enable
  processes, tools, and metrics.    rapid deployment.
                                  * Develop standard Air Force
                                    tools and metrics.
Should-Do Initiatives             Implementation Actions
* Create single authority for     * Combine wing supply and
  distribution process.             transportation squadrons.
* Enhance combat support C2 at    * Develop standard Air Force
  regional activities.              logistics C2 processes and
                                    procedures for AEF/
* Add capabilities to RSS to      * Identify standard Air Force
  improve C2 decision support.      C2 suite of tools to be used
* Provide tools for reachback,      in regional supply squadron.
  visibility, and followup.
Contingency Planning Options
Must-Do Initiatives               Implementation Actions
* Create and report metrics       * Develop operational goals
  for contingency planning          and metrics for expeditionary
  against EAF goals.                combat support (ECS) planning
* Develop specific metrics for    * Develop ECS readiness
  each wing commander to assess     reporting structure.
  site survey, deployment, and
  beddown timing.
* Improve policy for            * Standardize Air Force site
  deployments and site            surey process.
* Ensure more definitive EAF    * Establish specific wing,
  guidance in deployment          MAJCOM, and Air Force
  policy.                         responsibilities for
                                  information gathering and
                                  standard Air Force suite of
* Refine policies,              * Redirect EAF/contingency
  standardization, and            policy to guide beddown
  integration for EAF site        planning actions before/
  surveys.                        during deployments.
* Create JOPES certification    * Identify requirements for
  policy and track training       Air Force-wide JOPES-trained
  qualifications.                 cadre.
                                * Develop and institutionalize
                                  training and tracking via
                                  ECS readiness reporting.
Should-Do-Initiatives           Implementation Actions
* Standardize logistics plans   * Wing plans remains
  under LG.                       accountable for wing plans.
                                * Assign all logistics
                                  planners under the LG.
                                * Make LG accountable for
                                  logistics plan development,
                                  deployment training, and
Sortie Production/Fleet
Management Options
Must-do Initiatives             Implementation Actions
* Place increased emphasis on   * Rewrite AFI 21-101,
  sortie production and fleet     Maintenance Management of
  health processes.               Aircraft.
                                * Specify policy, procedures,
                                  training, discipline, and
                                * Spell out OG/LG
                                  * Combat air force and
                                    tactical airlift wing.
                                  * OG-sortie production; LG-
                                    fleet health.
                                  * Air Force Special
                                    Operations Center/Air
                                    National Guard/Air Force
                                    Reserve Command/Air
                                    Force Space Command and
                                    Air Mobility Command
                                    strategic wings remain
                                    as is.
* Provide policy for current    * Establish specific metrics
  versus future readiness         to drive balance between
  tradoff analysis.               daily sortie production and
* Develop specific matrics        long-term fleet health.
  for each wing commander to
  drive balance between
  operations requirments and
  fleet health.
* Develop senior leaders'      * Write how-to book to guide
  metrics handbook.               senior maintenance decision
* Assist rated officers and     * Identify leading and lagging
  logisticians in interpreting    indicators.
                                * Recognize/manage trends.
* Improve enlisted maintenance  * Improve cross-utilization
  training.                       training.
* Use personnel more            * Develop cross-utilization
  effectively: revitalize         training task list for each
  cross-utilization training      MDS Air Force specialty
  and standardize AFSC task       combination.
  training records.
                                * Standardize MDS training
* Improve logistics and rated   * Develop maintenance course
  officer maintenance             for commanders. Mandatory
  training.                       for OG/LG maintenance/flying
* Integrate rated officer         squadron commenders prior
  maintenance metrics course.     to command.
* Direct mandatory senior
  leader maintenance training
  for operations group and
  flying squadron commanders.
* Determine reqirements/        * Place MOC under the LG,
  location of MOC.                accountable to an O-4 or
                                  higher maintenance
                                  operations officer (MOO).
                                * MOO also responsible for
                                  PS&D, quality assurance,
                                  and analysis.
Should-Do Initiatives           Implementation Actions.
* Regionalize intermediate      * Determine appropriate peace
  repair facilities for           and wartime regionalized
  wartime and peacetime.          repair requirements.
  * Avionics, LANTIRN,          * Write implementation concept
    electronic warfare systems    of operations.
  * Engines
  * Munitions
  * Phase inspections
COPYRIGHT 2001 U.S. Air Force, Logistics Management Agency
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2001 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Title Annotation:U.S. Air Force
Author:E. Zettler, Liecutenant General Michael
Publication:Air Force Journal of Logistics
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jun 22, 2001
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Doctrine and combat support C2.
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US Air Force Directorate of Logistics Readiness.
Department of Defense News Release (March 22, 2007): flag officer assignments.
Department of Defense News Release (Aug. 31, 2007): general officer assignments.
Department of Defense News Release (Aug. 31, 2007): general officer assignments.
Edited research or peer-reviewed works.
10 men who failed the victims.

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