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Chicken and Wal-Mart lead growth in USA frozen food consumption: retail sales surely up at Wal-Mart supercenters, even if supermarket sales lag. Chicken gaining at both supermarkets and fast food chains as healthier and cheaper alternative to red meat.

Frozen food consumption in the United States was up again last year, but instead of fancy entrees, chicken was the hot ticket at both retail and foodservice. Most of the growth on the retail side, moreover, seems to have been at Wal-Mart, Bentonville, Arkansas.

With the largest retailer in the US opening more and more supercenters that include grocery sections the size of the average supermarket, Wal-Mart is taking an increasing share of the overall grocery market, and some categories that seem to be losing elsewhere may actually be gaining.

Information Resources, Inc. (IRI), Chicago, Illinois, shows a 1.8% increase in dollar volume to $20.8 billion, up only slightly from $20.4 billion in 2003 (excluding ice cream). That is nearly all for supermarkets but includes a few discount chains other than Wal-Mart, which won't allow its sales to be reported.

"Top 50" performers, as shown in another IRI report on branded volume, accounted for $11.5 billion in sales, including ice cream. Indeed, two of the top five--private label and Breyers--were ice cream. Two more--private label and Tyson--were chicken. And the remaining one was private label seafood.

For all the hoopla about healthy frozen foods in general and the Atkins diet in particular, the leading healthy frozen entree brands all got clobbered. Stouffer's Lean Cuisine sales were down 12%, Weight Watchers' Smart Ones 2.5% and Healthy Choice 12.5%. Atkins' alternatives didn't show up in the IRI "Top 50." Moreover, Stouffer's conventional Family Entrees were up 16,5% and Banquet Select Menu and Value Menu dinners 11.7% and 6.7%.

True, Swanson's Hungry Man line took a hit, but most likely it lost to other conventional brands. Constant churning of the Lean Cuisine and Healthy Choice lines, with entrees being introduced and then dropped, can't have helped them.

Factoring in Wal-Mart

Total grocery sales--food, beverages and non-food consumables like paper goods and laundry products--accounted for $251.8 billion last year, according to ACNielsen. Wal-Mart reports about $66 billion in grocery sales, and if the percentage for frozen is about the same (8.9%), Wal-Mart would add about $5.8 billion to make the retail total $26.6 billion.

IRI figures show declines in dollar volume and poundage for some basic categories like vegetables. Frozen juice concentrates were off by double digits, but that's nothing new. Frozen dinners and entrees declined 2.1% in dollar terms to $5.475 billion, but were up 0.3% in poundage to 1.973 billion. That may just reflect a trend towards large family sizes--an interpretation reinforced by the fact that unit sales were down 0.4%.

Quick Frozen Foods International has taken IRI figures and added a 26% fudge factor for Wal-Mart. Total retail sales, including convenience stores and membership warehouse clubs other than Wal-Mart's Sam's Club, may be considerably higher. On the other hand, warehouse clubs serve commercial clients such as restaurants as well as ordinary consumers, so much of their volume may be properly attributed to the foodservice segment.

The Foodservice Front

Foodservice sales rose 4.4% to $440.1 billion in 2004, according to the National Restaurant Association (NRA), and that works out to a dollar volume of about $55 billion for frozen foods based on 2003 estimates by QFFI. But other sources suggest it must actually be higher--and that it has been for some time. Overall wholesale frozen food sales were $67.5 billion in 2002, according to the US Economic Census, and markups and other channels of distribution must augment that considerably, especially after two years.

Although frozen foods aren't tracked by any government or trade group, foodservice distributor Sysco reported that 33% of its 2004 sales were in frozens. US Foodservice reported 17%, not including frozen meat; and Performance Food 14%. Based on the 2002 Economic Census, and subtracting retail sales, the largest components of foodservice frozen foods appear to be basic commodities like meat, poultry, fish and seafood, vegetables and french fries, as opposed to elaborate dinners, entrees and bakery products.

The NRA put full-service restaurant sales at $157.9 billion for 2004, and fast food sales at $123.9 billion. Fast food outlets depend heavily on frozen items like hamburgers, chicken portions and french fries, while full-service restaurants are more likely to use frozen vegetables. Institutional foodservice operations use a lot of frozen beef, poultry, fruits, vegetables and juice concentrates. Chances are that QFFI is erring on the conservative side, and we have adjusted dollar volume estimates for the past five years.

Chickening In

Frozen poultry is the fastest-growing retail category, with dollar sales up nine percent to $2.2 billion and poundage up 11.5% to 1.136 billion, according to the IRI report. Bulk packs of chicken parts, both plain and flavored--such as Buffalo wings--are the primary factor. Supermarket chains like Kroger, Cincinnati, Ohio, stock open freezers with huge bags of these, and so does Wal-Mart. If Russia becomes more self-sufficient in chicken, producers will have to look increasingly to the domestic market.

That may be one reason the industry is pushing poultry products on the foodservice side, though chicken had already been gaining against beef at fast food restaurants because it has a healthier image. According to the National Chicken Council, 42% of all chicken is sold through foodservice outlets, with McDonald's alone accounting for 60% of that--more than 600 million pounds last year, including more than 65 million pounds of its upscale Chicken Selects. Burger King has come out with Chicken Fries and Popeyes has Naked Strips--seasoned chicken strips without breading.

Beefing about Beef

Frozen beef isn't doing as well. Sales of hamburgers were up only one percent over the 52 weeks ended last May 31, according to NPD Foodworld, whereas sales of chicken strips and nuggets soared 18%. Chicken now accounts for 30% of the menu at McDonald's, versus 20% in 2002. Meanwhile, beef has taken a big hit on the export market, where the US is laboring under a ban on American imports imposed by Japan at the end of 2003 after a single case of Mad Cow Disease was discovered in the State of Washington, and several other countries followed suit.

Bone-in US beef exports plummeted from 110,181 tons and $377.1 million in value in 2003 to 2,993 tons and $13.5 million last year. Boneless beef exports fell from 280,644 tons and $953.3 million to 22,096 tons and $70.2 million. Beef liver shipments fell from 90,686 tons and $72.2 million to 55,333 tons and $38 million. At press time, the American Meat Institute was pressing once again to lean on the Japanese government to lift the ban, which helped to swell the overall imbalance of frozen food trade--$11.8 billion imports to only $5.5 billion exports.

Shrinking Shrimp?

It's too early to gauge the long-term in, pact of punitive tariffs on imported shrimp, imposed late last year to protect a domestic wild catch and processing industry that has since been clobbered by Hurricane Katrina. Asian countries impacted by the tariffs have been looking to other markets, especially Europe. US imports for 2004 were slightly lower for shell-on shrimp than in 2003, but higher for peeled and prepared product in poundage terms. Prices were lower, but tariffs are bound to increase them--or else discourage imports altogether. Without wild-caught domestic shrimp to take up the slack for cheaper farm-raised shrimp imports that fueled the boom of recent years, that boom could turn into a bust.
U.S. Frozen Food Retail Market

"Top 50" Performers For 2004
Ring Up Sales of Almost $11.5 Billion

 % Change
Product Compared
Category Dollar Sales to 2003

Private Label Ice Cream $792,531,776 -3.4
Private Label Seafood 601,096,000 6.3
Breyers Ice Cream 525,477,504 -2.8
Private Label Chicken 522,570,016 5.2
Tyson Chicken 498,088,864 16.9

DiGiorno Pizza 487,074,176 6.6
Dreyer's Edy's Grand Ice Cream 396,541,152 9.0
Ore-Ida Potatoes 376,857,680 9.2
Stouffer's Entrees 339,247,936 0.9
Private Label Novelties 322,914,816 1.2

Stouffer's Lean Cuisine
 Cafe Classics Entrees 310,042,240 -12.0
Tombstone Pizza 273,259,840 -3.2
Hot Pockets Hand-held Entrees 272,018,176 3.6
Private Label Potatoes 257,591,280 -4.9
Stouffer's
 Family Style Recipes Dinners 256,116,480 16.5

Stouffer's Lean Cuisine
 Everyday Favorites Entrees 252,895,504 9.2
Eggo Waffles 248,845,440 0.1
Red Baron Pizza 236,423,120 1.6
Blue Bell Ice Cream 228,953,568 3.5
Weight Watchers
 Smart Ones Entrees 200,274,912 -2.5

Haagen-Dazs Ice Cream 193,782,800 10.7
Private Label Fruit 193,587,728 9.3
Freschetta Pizza 185,056,352 -0.4
Banquet Chicken 176,203,872 3.0
Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream 172,817,088 -0.2

Private Label Pizza 172,480,288 2.9
Totino's Pizza Rolls 172,434,688 6.4
Private Label Mixed Vegetables 168,753,456 -0.9
Gorton's Seafood 167,157,360 9.3
Banquet Select Menu Dinners 164,855,072 11.7

Green Giant Prepared Vegetables 161,022,672 2.8
Totino's Party Pizza 158,383,936 -5.4
Tony's Pizza 150,980,160 0.6
Healthy Choice Dinners 150,105,408 -12.5
Cool Whip Topping 148,875,872 4.8

Lean Pockets Hand-held Entrees 148,010,832 -0.5
Stouffer's Homestyle Entrees 136,277,392 -5.3
Marie Callenders Complete Dinners 133,501,392 14.7
Private Label Meat 131,274,928 2.7
Dreyer's/
 Edy's Grand Light Ice Cream 123,257,824 53.2

Nestle Drumstick Novelties 122,944,623 10.2
Swanson's Hungry-Man Dinners 121,319,616 -13.0
Klondike Novelties 120,772,440 -5.7
Banquet Value Menu Dinners 108,968,120 6.7
Kid Cuisine Dinners 103,437,408 2.8

Pillsbury Toaster Strudel 102,808,000 -2.2
Wells' Blue Bunny Ice Cream 102,676,256 -2.5
Mrs. Smith's Pies 102,100,024 6.0
Weight Watchers
 Smart Ones Novelties 98,865,488 -2.8
T.G.I. Friday's Appetizers 97,096,944 0.2

Source: Information Resources, Inc. (52 week period ended
Dec. 28, 2004, as compared with previous year.)

VALUE OF ALL U.S. FROZEN FOODS *
1942 THROUGH 2004 (in US dollars)

1942 162,000,000
1943 178,000,000
1944 197,000,000
1945 257,000,000
1946 324,000,000
1947 245,000,000
1948 292,000,000
1949 375,000,000
1950 500,000,000
1951 700,000,000
1952 875,000,000
1953 1,200,000,000
1954 1,450,000,000
1955 1,700,000,000
1956 2,106,000,000
1957 2,362,000,000
1958 2,320,000,000
1959 2,749,000,000
1960 3,037,114,000
1961 3,638,600,000
1962 3,960,000,000
1963 4,381,000,000
1964 5,246,000,000
1965 5,765,000,000
1966 6,250,000,000
1967 6,449,000,000
1968 6,990,000,000
1969 7,641,114,000
1970 7,931,000,000
1971 8,128,000,000
1972 9,230,000,000
1973 12,178,000,000
1974 13,087,444,000
1975 14,329,851,000
1976 16,712,044,000
1977 18,824,605,000
1978 20,442,355,000
1979 23,863,360,000
1980 24,718,829,000
1981 27,604,682,000
1982 30,432,419,000
1983 32,854,387,000
1984 36,203,684,000
1985 37,617,930,000
1986 40,899,955,000
1987 44,057,524,000
1988 47,776,662,000
1989 48,692,787,000
1990 51,961,770,000 ([dagger])
1991 50,280,543,000
1992 51,808,515,000
1993 53,325,000,000
1994 56,853,000,000 ([dagger])
1995 59,065,000,000
1996 65,021,000,000
1997 67,550,000,000
1998 69,723,000,000
1999 74,132,000,000
2000 76,700,000,000 ([dagger])
2001 79,400,000,000 ([dagger])
2002 82,200,000,000 ([dagger])
2003 85,000,000,000 ([dagger])
2004 87,104,000,000

* Includes all sales of frozen fruits, vegetables, concentrates,
poultry, meats, seafood and prepared foods at conservative prices or
at average prices paid by institutions and reprocessors. As a general
rule, retail sales made up 65% of the total figure until about 1970.
Subsequent sales have shifted towards foodservice and currently
domestic sales of frozen products are approximately 31% retail to 69%
institutional by value, and 26% retail and 74% institutional by
volume. But much of the volume characterized as institutional actually
represents products initially frozen but sold in some other form.

Source: QUICK FROZEN FOODS INTERNATIONAL

([dagger]) Corrected from previous Almanacs

U.S OUTPUT OF COMMERCIAL
FROZEN FOODS 1942-2004

(In millions of pounds)
(US-made products and imports reprocessed or sold in this country)

YEAR FRUIT VEGS. POULTRY MEATS SEAFOOD
 (1) (2)

1942 275 220 70 12 41
1943 210 300 85 14 53
1944 315 285 105 -- 53
1945 445 338 124 -- 71
1946 540 475 150 12 74
1947 347 346 181 15 74
1948 377 446 216 20 89
1949 360 566 261 50 97
1950 475 590 316 75 133
1951 420 790 382 85 177
1952 420 895 462 125 207
1953 542 1,076 559 170 236
1954 523 974 676 200 267
1955 660 1,140 817 250 307
1956 763 1,650 988 300 310
1957 671 1,587 1,195 343 319
1958 610 1,702 1,445 300 300
1959 618 1,626 1,747 300 478
1960 660 1,957 2,333 330 506
1961 704 2,116 2,345 360 548
1962 668 2,261 2,224 450 596
1963 620 2,231 2,095 536 676
1964 775 2,619 2,261 696 785
1965 641 3,050 2,284 765 940
1966 756 3,415 2,528 842 971
1967 740 3,361 2,804 920 990
1968 812 3,775 2,570 930 1,090
1969 782 3,845 2,577 952 1,197
1970 743 4,294 2,645 971 1,265
1971 759 4,528 2,209 990 1,202
1972 697 5,044 2,318 1,005 1,335
1973 764 5,216 2,277 1,190 1,404
1974 756 5,405 2,342 1,222 1,405
1975 691 5,293 2,195 1,278 1,429
1976 694 5,384 2,480 1,321 1,647
1977 759 6,014 2,353 1,369 1,654
1978 631 6,278 2,428 1,370 1,740
1979 665 6,712 2,716 1,380 1,764
1980 753 5,977 2,841 1,410 1,625
1981 698 6,729 3,134 1,433 1,677
1982 818 7,221 2,895 1,623 1,686
1983 747 6,829 3,150 1,679 1,855
1984 790 7,317 3,100 1,729 2,026
1985 821 7,931 3,413 1,533 2,085
1986 862 7,758 3,358 1,490 2,185
1987 1,151 8,050 3,770 1,488 2,330
1988 1,077 8,440 3,853 1,400 2,343
1989 1,053 8,900 3,965 1,401 2,434
1990 1,118 9,943 4,406 1,372 2,396
1991 992 9,391 4,522 1,383 2,280
1992 1,008 10,275 4,623 1,425 2,383
1993 1,050 10,667 4,764 1,360 2,416
1994 1,094 12,025 4,932 1,480 2,355 ([dagger])
1995 1,093 12,395 5,159 1,493 2,418
1996 1,018 11,998 5,090 1,500 2,423
1997 1,078 12,337 5,296 1,512 2,597
1998 1,086 12,905 5,248 1,525 2,682
1999 1,145 12,916 5,219 1,560 2,881
2000 1,319 13,572 5,168 1,610 2,460
2001 1,337 16,998 5,621 2,999 3,319
2002 1,395 17,500 5,748 2,904 3,695
2003 1,145 16,059 2,272 3,199 2,300
2004 1,246 12,822 5.332 3,990 3,616

YEAR PREP. CONC. TOTAL
 (3) (4)

1942 5 -- 623
1943 7 -- 669
1944 10 -- 768
1945 25 -- 1,003
1946 40 -- 1,291
1947 5 -- 968
1948 20 -- 1,168
1949 35 140 1,509
1950 60 300 1,949
1951 85 440 2,379
1952 130 550 2,789
1953 195 678 3,456
1954 280 783 3,703
1955 340 807 4,231
1956 420 919 5,350
1957 500 980 5,595
1958 540 760 5,690
1959 700 1,096 6,565
1960 826 1,362 7,974
1961 966 1,463 8,502
1962 1,152 1,762 9,113
1963 1,448 1,388 9,084
1964 1,950 1,657 10,743
1965 2,146 1,807 11,633
1966 2,354 1,702 12,568
1967 2,726 1,760 13,302
1968 3,203 1,679 14,059
1969 3,611 1,655 14,619
1970 3,696 1,775 15,389
1971 3,837 2,010 15,535
1972 4,081 2,098 16,578
1973 4,092 2,360 17,303
1974 3,981 2,307 17,418
1975 4,508 2,490 17,885
1976 4,934 2,611 19,071
1977 5,219 2,786 20,154
1978 5,387 2,699 20,533
1979 5,284 2,891 21,412
1980 5,201 3,256 21,063
1981 5,184 3,060 21,915
1982 5,296 3,054 22,593
1983 5,535 3,163 22,958
1984 5,799 3,062 23,823
1985 5,878 2,843 24,504
1986 5,955 3,008 24,616
1987 6,136 2,931 25,856
1988 6,415 3,044 26,572
1989 6,626 3,042 27,420
1990 6,879 2,794 28,458
1991 6,905 3,397 28,881
1992 6,109 ([dagger]) 3,053 28,878 ([dagger])
1993 6,321 3,162 29,849
1994 6,738 3,640 32,264 ([dagger])
1995 6,866 3,918 33,522
1996 10,813 3,651 36,494
1997 11,094 3,556 37,470
1998 11,420 3,486 38,354
1999 14,720 3,304 41,744
2000 16,005 3,147 43,281
2001 11,062 3,632 44,608
2002 12,285 3,869 47,396
2003 15,752 3,326 44,053
2004 13,669 3,569 44,244

(1.) Includes potato products and prepared vegetables.

(2.) Includes frozen cuts, ground beef, hamburger and other raw items.

(3.) Does not include potatoes (included in vegetables) or fish sticks,
fish portions, scallops and breaded shrimp which are included with
seafood.

(4.) Includes estimates of juice drinks, synthetics and other
concentrated liquids, as well as juice concentrates. Includes
concentrates for chilled juice and other remanufacture.

([dagger]) Corrected figures.

2004 ESTIMATED U.S. POUNDAGE, TONNAGE AND VALUE FOR ALL FROZEN FOODS
BY CATEGORY

All Figures in Millions

 POUNDS KILOGRAMS

 Retail Inst'l Total Retail Inst'l Total

Prepared Foods 5,899 7,770 13,669 2,676 3,524 6,200
Fish & Seafood 416 3,200 3,616 189 1,452 1,641
Vegetables 2,872 9,950 12,822 1,303 4,513 5,816
Juices and Drinks 369 3,200 3,569 167 1,452 1,619
Poultry 1,532 3,800 5,332 695 1,497 2,192
Meat 390 3,600 3,990 177 1,724 1,901
Fruits 140 1,106 1,246 64 502 566
Total 11,618 32,626 44,244 5,271 14,664 19,935

 $ VALUE

 Retail Inst'l Total

Prepared Foods 15,951 9,540 25,491
Fish & Seafood 1,985 13,400 15,385
Vegetables 3,335 12,600 15,935
Juices and Drinks 631 5,300 5,931
Poultry 2,977 4,900 7,877
Meat 1,421 11,400 12,821
Fruits 339 3,325 3,664
Total 26,639 60,465 87,104

Notes: Metric conversion for this table was achieved by using the
equivalent 1 pound = .4536 kilogram. Totals may not add exactly due
to rounding.

2004 RETAIL AND INSTITUTIONAL FROZEN FOODS
U.S. POUNDAGE AND ESTIMATED DOLLAR VALUE

All Figures in Thousands

 POUNDAGE

CATEGORY RETAIL INST'L TOTAL

Breakfast Foods 520,000 1,065,000 1,585,000
Dessert Pies 264,000 385,000 649,000
Desserts/Toppings 332,000 950,000 1,282,000
Dinners 552,000 260,000 812,000
Entrees 1,936,000 895,000 2,831,000
Fish and Seafood 416,000 3,200,000 3,616,000
Dough/Bread 328,000 290,000 618,000
Fruit 140,000 1,106,000 1,246,000
Juices 369,000 3,200,000 3,569,000
Meat 390,000 3,600,000 3,990,000
Pasta 130,000 165,000 295,000
Pizza/Crusts 1,205,000 1,300,000 2,505,000
Pot Pies 184,000 60,000 244,000
Poultry 1,532,000 3,800,000 5,332,000
Plain Vegetables 1,791,000 5,500,000 7,291,000
Prepared Vegetables 122,000 500,000 622,000
Potato Products 959,000 3,950,000 4,909,000
Snacks/Appetizers 309,000 600,000 909,000
Side Dishes 94,000 300,000 394,000
Miscellaneous ** 45,000 1,500,000 1,545,000
Total 11,618,000 32,626,000 44,244,000

 $ VALUE

CATEGORY RETAIL INST'L TOTAL

Breakfast Foods 1,312,000 750,000 2,062,000
Dessert Pies 548,000 770,000 1,318,000
Desserts/Toppings 911,000 800,000 1,711,000
Dinners 1,443,000 650,000 2,093,000
Entrees 5,456,000 2,250,000 7,706,000
Fish and Seafood 1,985,000 13,400,000 15,385,000
Dough/Bread 723,000 600,000 1,323,000
Fruit 339,000 3,325,000 3,664,000
Juices 631,000 5,300,000 5,931,000
Meat 1,421,000 11,400,000 12,821,000
Pasta 272,000 300,000 572,000
Pizza/Crusts 3,481,000 1,300,000 4,781,000
Pot Pies 387,000 120,000 507,000
Poultry 2,977,000 4,900,000 7,877,000
Plain Vegetables 1,994,000 7,300,000 9,294,000
Prepared Vegetables 288,000 1,100,000 1,388,000
Potato Products 1,053,000 4,200,000 5,253,000
Snacks/Appetizers 1,083,000 300,000 1,383,000
Side Dishes 226,000 200,000 426,000
Miscellaneous ** 109,000 1,500,000 1,609,000
Total 26,639,000 60,465,000 87,104,000

Sources: Information Resources, Inc. Bureau of the Census. Department
of Commerce, QFFI estimates

All retail poundage and value figures based on IRI data, but with
adjustment factors for discount store sales worked in. Institutional
data based on projections from 2002 Economic Census, restaurant
industry surveys and QFFI estimates.

* except dough and dessert pies

** includes soups, baby food, coffee creamers, stuffing, tortillas,
sauces, spreads.

U.S. IMPORTS OF FROZEN FOODS BY PRODUCT, 2003-2004
BY WEIGHT AND DOLLAR VOLUME

Important Note: All items on the following table are listed as frozen
by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, as opposed to those listed as "fresh
or frozen" products such as frog meat. The totals given here are
therefore the minimum amount of frozen food imported into the USA.
Under the present classification system, it cannot be determined how
much imported squid, for example, is frozen as opposed to dried,
salted or preserved in brine.

 2004

Category C.I.F. Value Pounds Kilograms

Beef and Veal--carcasses,
 bone-in 5,604,729 2,580,733 1,170,613
Beef and Veal--boneless 1,979,468,490 1,580,356,165 716,844,854
Swine--carcasses, cuts 369,655,374 241,401,968 109,726,013
Mutton--carcasses, cuts 41,124,191 35,426,138 16,069,191
Lamb--carcasses, cuts 143,319,990 55,126,420 25,005,180
Livers, tongues, offal 42,494,155 37,722,933 17,111,010
Poultry 45,759,352 311,267,225 141,189,887

Total Meat & Poultry 2,584,871,943 2,264,381,582 1,027,116,748

Pacific Salmon,
 ex. fillets 13,647,732 8,956,873 4,062,811
Trout, ex. fillets 4,021,302 2,389,143 1,083,708
Atlantic & Other Salmon 16,924,873 8,049,506 3,651,232
Albacore Tuna,
 ex. fillets 12,185,006 10,898,716 4,943,625
Yellowfin Tuna,
 ex. fillets 36,733,908 12,860,404 5,833,441
Other Tuna, ex. fillets 7,126,916 4,567,757 2,071,921
Flatfish, ex. fillets 16,081,385 7,805,682 3,540,634
Halibut & Turbot
 ex. fillets 8,694,658 2,486,233 1,127,748
Herring & Sea Smelts
 ex. fillets 6,352,615 9,481,987 4,301,001
Cod, ex. fillets 1,151,755 642,074 291,243
Atlantic Pollock,
 ex. fillets 426,939 612,720 277,928
Sardines, ex. fillets 2,608,745 5,515,949 2,502,018
Haddock, ex. Fillets 6,168,470 6,163,178 2,795,599
Mackerel, ex. fillets 13,566,280 15,387,539 6,979,742
Dogfish, Shark
 ex. fillets 2,500,960 397,547 180,326
Eels, ex. fillets 9,267,803 2,437,538 1,105,660
Sea Bass, ex. Fillets 2,859,121 664,848 301,573
Whiting & Hake,
 ex. fillets 1,346,376 1,673,221 758,968
Cusk, Shad, Sturgeon,
 Misc, Pollock,
 ex. fillets 2,888,459 3,159,631 1,433,199
Swordfish, ex. fillets 4,828,123 1,628,844 738,839
Pike, Pickerel, Pike
 Perch, ex. Fillets 1,527,664 790,841 358,723
Tilapia, ex. filets 70,715,546 125,298,256 56,834,916
Other Freshwater Fish,
 ex. fillets 21,843,543 17,931,837 8,133,828
Capelin, Butterfish,
 Mullet, monkfish,
 ex. fillets 4,979,659 10,673,271 4,841,364
Snapper, ex. fillets 13,035,350 8,513,012 3,861,477
Grouper, ex. fillets 1,869,158 1,311,523 594,903
Other Saltwater Fish,
 ex. fillets 144,497,136 81,486,901 36,962,216
Fish Livers and Roes 9,459,562 3,361,027 1,524,552
Cod fillets, blocks 32,906,579 17,817,445 8,081,940
Flatfish fillets, blocks 7,743,731 5,001,307 2,268,578
Haddock fillets, blocks 11,017,968 7,610,072 3,451,906
Pollock fillets, blocks 50,642,730 55,719,565 25,274,229
Whiting fillets, blocks 12,788,912 14,925,325 6,770,083
Other Fish fillets,
 blocks 21,223,060 10,439,019 4,735,108
Atlantic Perch fillets 6,470,680 4,349,771 1,973,043
Cod fillets 242,084,775 97,510,003 44,230,247
Sole fillets 65,133,029 42,044,908 19,071,445
Flounder fillets 23,786,390 12,311,238 5,584,341
Turbot and Halibut
 fillets 25,386,400 6,043,234 2,741,193
Misc. Flatfish fillets 1,056,300 513,163 232,769
Haddock fillets 40,962,344 18,536,859 8,408,264
Pollock fillets 100,081,338 109,019,877 49,451,092
Hake fillets 4,504,863 3,497,439 1,586,428
Trout and Salmonidae
 fillets 214,441,701 97,469,195 44,211,737
Perch, Pike, Pickerel
 fillets 59,515,946 19,162,780 8,692,180
Catfish fillets 2,414,660 1,559,898 707,565
Tilapia fillets 122,483,189 76,534,111 34,715,645
Misc. Freshwater Fish
 fillets 31,448,005 20,213,797 9,168,918
Orange Roughy 76,069,633 14,483,453 6,569,651
Misc. Saltwater Fish
 fillets 434,498,510 224,914,862 102,020,712
Cod Meat, ex. fillets,
 incl. minced 4,741,903 7,170,433 3,252,487
Pollock Meat, ex.
 fillets, incl. Surimi 2,663,638 3,865,559 1,753,406
Misc. Other Fish Meat 21,154,914 16,503,082 7,485,749
Rock Lobsters and Sea
 Crawfish 373,667,883 29,250,062 13,267,741
Lobsters 217,782,172 17,878,709 8,109,729
Shrimp, shell-on 1,818,333,551 538,460,091 244,243,895
Shrimp, peeled 1,130,661,423 333,173,034 151,126,297
Crabs, Crabmeat, raw 672,429,686 158,373,834 71,837,900
Other Crustaceans 26,305,957 8,567,788 3,823,881
Squid fillets 22,940,292 16,274,033 7,381,853
Crabmeat, prepared 48,388,807 12,761,530 5,788,592
Shrimp, prepared 825,669,512 256,958,458 116,555,518
Lobster Meat, prepared 108,393,181 8,918,943 4,045,606
Prepared Fish 26,235,756 17,849,052 8,096,277

Total, Fish and Seafood 7,323,338,458 2,640,628,017 1,197,808,800

Peas 23,792,081 55,469,903 25,160,983
Beans and Other Legumes 131,077,917 85,712,804 38,879,073
Spinach 7,688,812 21,831,131 9,902,536
Sweet Corn 14,641,210 33,902,709 15,378,168
Bamboo Shoots 3,455,050 7,765,166 3,522,256
Mushrooms 11,095,509 17,581,656 7,974,987
Tomatoes 480,386 876,833 397,729
Brussels Sprouts 8,753,370 19,919,059 9,035,226
Okra 6,018,373 17,952,439 8,143,173
Cauliflower 25,826,957 64,520,494 29,266,304
Asparagus 7,321,724 7,389,533 3,351,870
Broccoli 185,952,022 472,891,279 214,502,077
Carrots 5,721,311 16,169,398 7,334,391
Misc. Vegetables 87,973,012 261,695,837 118,704,453
Mixed Vegetables 47,888,106 99,367,162 45,072,649
French Fries 532,468,087 1,739,408,800 788,990,656
Other Potato Products 33,487,061 107,261,400 48,653,452
Prepared Vegetables 31,699,027 48,841,725 22,154,461

Total, Vegetables 1,143,927,215 3,078,557,347 1,396,424,444

Strawberries 62,299,542 125,691,113 57,013,115
Raspberries 31,470,020 35,167,025 15,951,658
Blueberries 70,576,440 14,679,208 6,658,445
Other Berries 14,124,851 20,312,439 9,213,662
Bananas, Plantains 13,778,115 40,049,630 18,166,393
Coconut Meat 2,162,472 2,841,456 1,288,876
Misc Tropical Fruits,
 & Melons 25,113,139 50,735,436 23,013,443
Misc Fruits, Nuts &
 Berries 23,560,662 39,953,732 18,122,894

Total, Fruits and Berries 243,085,241 329,430,039 149,428,486

Pasta 46,089,995 55,335,691 25,100,105
Bakery Products 427,297,176 411,273,007 186,552,212

Total Miscellaneous 473,387,171 466,608,698 211,652,317

Grand Total 11,768,810,028 8,779,779,683 3,982,430,595

 2003

Category C.I.F. Value Pounds Kilograms

Beef and Veal--carcasses,
 bone-in 3,448,353 2,693,478 1,221,741
Beef and Veal--boneless 1,385,886,359 1,348 611,418,922
Swine--carcasses, cuts 286,439,243 237,462,604 107,771,207
Mutton--carcasses, cuts 32,685,542 32,158,842 14,587,003
Lamb--carcasses, cuts 116,930,491 52,492 28,809,993
Livers, tongues, offal 55,516,526 57,974 26,296,555
Poultry 16,894,157 15,221,540 6,904,373

Total Meat & Poultry 1,897,806,673 1,745,950,730 791,949,794

Pacific Salmon,
 ex. fillets 5,782,490 5,952,414 2,699,969
Trout, ex. fillets 1,330,104 1,005,498 456,086
Atlantic & Other Salmon 17,700,039 9,009,952 4,086,854
Albacore Tuna,
 ex. fillets 26,532,052 27,712,032 12,569,967
Yellowfin Tuna,
 ex. fillets 41,393,599 12,300,185 5,579,269
Other Tuna, ex. fillets 3,962,802 2,603,499 1,180,927
Flatfish, ex. fillets 7,812,649 3,209,497 1,455,803
Halibut & Turbot
 ex. fillets 10,001,115 3,075,511 1,395,028
Herring & Sea Smelts
 ex. fillets 7,501,932 12,877,811 5,841,276
Cod, ex. fillets 823,721 431,963 195,935
Atlantic Pollock,
 ex. fillets 369,441 527,829 239,419
Sardines, ex. fillets 2,082,138 4,083,348 1,852,175
Haddock, ex. Fillets 7,457,281 6,978,068 3,165,198
Mackerel, ex. fillets 12,804,557 18,432,833 8,360,991
Dogfish, Shark
 ex. fillets 1,313,880 362,191 164,287
Eels, ex. fillets 7,473,579 2,372,104 1,075,968
Sea Bass, ex. Fillets 1,387,498 367,588 166,735
Whiting & Hake,
 ex. fillets 1,252,748 1,683,221 763,496
Cusk, Shad, Sturgeon,
 Misc, Pollock,
 ex. fillets 2,676,606 3,023,142 1,371,274
Swordfish, ex. fillets 5,600,619 2,190,593 993,636
Pike, Pickerel, Pike
 Perch, ex. Fillets 1,104,186 485,603 220,266
Tilapia, ex. filets 62,236,122 108,126,655 49,045,369
Other Freshwater Fish,
 ex. fillets 20,002,844 20,498,922 9,298,153
Capelin, Butterfish,
 Mullet, monkfish,
 ex. fillets 4,285,570 11,418,192 5,179,204
Snapper, ex. fillets 13,561,095 9,012,695 4,088,089
Grouper, ex. fillets 1,835,714 1,184,253 537,168
Other Saltwater Fish,
 ex. fillets 79,386,570 70,386,553 31,926,798
Fish Livers and Roes 5,421,823 2,498,629 1,133,359
Cod fillets, blocks 30,888,195 16,986,739 7,705,054
Flatfish fillets, blocks 6,520,125 4,068,905 1,845,624
Haddock fillets, blocks 6,303,569 4,052,617 1,838,236
Pollock fillets, blocks 55,067,574 62,958,503 28,557,528
Whiting fillets, blocks 7,268,286 8,525,930 3,867,296
Other Fish fillets,
 blocks 15,340,848 8,284,076 3,757,593
Atlantic Perch fillets 8,997,125 5,868,806 2,662,045
Cod fillets 237,870,103 94,457,117 42,845,020
Sole fillets 47,213,061 28,725,601 13,029,711
Flounder fillets 26,762,101 13,572,821 6,156,527
Turbot and Halibut
 fillets 23,744,619 6,800,484 3,084,647
Misc. Flatfish fillets 1,041,591 663,642 301,023
Haddock fillets 44,744,900 17,372,096 7,879,849
Pollock fillets 85,171,837 94,369,436 42,805,249
Hake fillets 3,573,233 2,162,136 980,728
Trout and Salmonidae
 fillets 183,270,463 81,979,912 37,185,456
Perch, Pike, Pickerel
 fillets 46,103,305 13,755,703 6,239,481
Catfish fillets 7,342,095 5,429,817 2,462,923
Tilapia fillets 89,349,634 51,256,614 23,249,388
Misc. Freshwater Fish
 fillets 16,329,930 9,995,437 4,515,256
Orange Roughy 69,223,338 15,517,078 7,038,427
Misc. Saltwater Fish
 fillets 388,492,650 227,060,932 102,993,089
Cod Meat, ex. fillets,
 incl. minced 52,819,520 4,814,083 2,183,631
Pollock Meat, ex.
 fillets, incl. Surimi 4,662,812 6,553,409 2,972,576
Misc. Other Fish Meat 23,802,723 19,460,494 8,827,130
Rock Lobsters and Sea
 Crawfish 364,514,082 28,645,619 12,993,432
Lobsters 231,705,782 20,015,792 9,079,099
Shrimp, shell-on 1,913,198,735 548,044,008 248,588,538
Shrimp, peeled 1,164,969,388 330,089,416 149,726,015
Crabs, Crabmeat, raw 674,497,105 156,193,216 70,848,039
Other Crustaceans 20,513,802 6,278,076 2,847,687
Squid fillets 23,918,055 17,579,684 7,974,009
Crabmeat, prepared 49,817,175 12,144,347 5,508,582
Shrimp, prepared 754,937,190 217,941,835 98,856,441
Lobster Meat, prepared 106,714,715 10,175,693 4,615,616
Prepared Fish 13,181,235 8,919,722 4,045,917

Total, Fish and Seafood 7,152,993,675 2,502,530,657 1,135,109,459

Peas 25,498,717 62,582,851 28,387,099
Beans and Other Legumes 28,933,149 61,202,054 27,760,780
Spinach 4,317,625 12,533,930 5,685,294
Sweet Corn 16,966,023 40,493,448 18,367,516
Bamboo Shoots 3,723,326 8,447,306 3,831,633
Mushrooms 6,296,658 9,042,656 4,101,679
Tomatoes 472,111 1,034,934 469,438
Brussels Sprouts 7,480,200 17,533,988 7,953,282
Okra 5,564,142 16,328,157 7,406,326
Cauliflower 18,130,850 42,756,824 19,394,166
Asparagus 8,940,905 8,590,541 3,896,603
Broccoli 163,071,056 407,509,979 184,843,302
Carrots 3,737,080 8,471,413 4,296,160
Misc. Vegetables 78,198,131 239,274,179 108,532,923
Mixed Vegetables 45,516,562 97,204,187 44,091,070
French Fries 449,741,910 1,533,914 695,771,363
Other Potato Products 31,844,779 105,001,731 47,627,976
Prepared Vegetables 26,331,736 39,977,786 18,133,650

Total, Vegetables 918,064,960 2,711,899,405 1,230,550,260

Strawberries 64,049,823 124,892,265 56,650,344
Raspberries 23,956,079 316,423,003 14,253,232
Blueberries 54,488,209 67,932,768 30,813,780
Other Berries 9,407,187 16,118,356 7,311,162
Bananas, Plantains 10,705,047 29,001,370 13,154,798
Coconut Meat 1,775,612 2,396,227 1,086,910
Misc Tropical Fruits,
 & Melons 24,784,978 50,345,265 22,836,224
Misc Fruits, Nuts &
 Berries 28,599,402 52,254,861 23,702,402

Total, Fruits and Berries 217,766,337 374,364,115 169,808,852

Pasta 54,927,995 64,499,958 29,256,958
Bakery Products 368,560,718 373,878,421 169,588,370

Total Miscellaneous 423,488,713 438,378,379 198,845,328

Grand Total 10,010,120,358 7,773,123,486 3,526,263,693

Source: Bureau of the Census, Food Institute. NOTE: Conversion of
metric data for this table utilized 2.204623 pounds as equivalent to
1 kilogram.

U.S. EXPORTS OF FROZEN FOODS BY PRODUCT, 2003-2004
BY WEIGHT AND DOLLAR VOLUME

 2004

Category F.A.S. Value Pounds Kilograms

Beef and Veal carcasses
 bone-in cuts 13,488,440 5,597,437 2,992,578
Beef and Veal, boneless 70,216,830 48,979,223 22,216,830
Swine carcasses and cuts 631,687,814 672,269,040 304,939,236
Mutton and Lamb carcasses
 and cuts 11,204,432 15,431,852 6,999,842
Tongues, Livers, offal 256,708,811 564,758,835 256,172,927
Whole Chickens 40,209,044 108,890,055 49,392,205
Chicken parts and offal 1,475,255,975 4,494,248,370 2,038,577,688
Whole Turkey, parts and
 offal 131,272,275 215,712,636 97,846,610
Other Poultry and offal 9,163,330 8,439,950 3,828,336

Total Meat & Poultry 2,408,176,951 6,134,327,398 2,782,966,252

Sockeye Salmon, whole 138,959,220 76,598,441 34,744,825
Other Pacific Salmon,
 whole 114,970,812 110,271,998 50,019,050
Trout, whole 566,099 391,305 177,495
Atlantic Salmon,
 Salmonidae, whole 1,160,972 1,359,544 616,685
Halibut and Turbot, whole 20,723,218 9,198,940 4,172,612
Sole and Plaice, whole 56,005,319 101,289,101 45,944,345
Other Flatfish, whole 24,156,501 34,349,599 15,580,876
Tuna, whole 26,223,872 25,628,239 11,624,893
Herring, whole 16,350,660 27,281,166 12,374,188
Cod, whole 213,797,003 187,320,980 84,968,239
Whiting and Hake, whole 53,171,866 94,634,393 42,925,879
Sable Fish, whole 87,080,694 31,463,862 14,271,914
Other Fish, whole 310,339,739 464,607,009 210,744,357
Alaska Pollock Roe 287,596,026 53,974,049 24,482,468
Other Roe and Livers 123,041,290 47,980,822 21,763,958
Cod fillets 11,685,544 7,825,382 3,549,570
Alaska Pollock fillets 212,582,090 229,772,491 104,224,118
Other fillets 68,907,921 38,538,260 17,480,840
Surimi 319,230,819 444,970,057 201,837,094
Other fish meat 55,816,552 68,359,165 31,007,514
Rock Lobsters 7,043,770 836,714 379,531
Lobsters, shell-on 10,223,417 1,718,241 779,389
Shrimp, shell-on 36,424,801 10,844,553 4,919,057
Shrimp, peeled 28,009,658 8,166,771 3,704,423
King Crabs 41,352,639 7,490,541 3,397,687
Snow Crabs 45,440,433 10,516,275 4,770,151
Other crabs and crab meat 10,799,899 2,762,355 1,252,996
Other crustaceans 4,691,816 1,429,690 648,503
Squid fillets 10,762,861 15,781,296 7,158,349
Crab meat, prepared 14,570,402 5,411,678 2,454,721
Shrimp, prepared 23,780,964 6,213,244 2,818,309

Total, Fish and Seafood 2,282,004,877 2,126,986,161 964,794,126

Peas 7,300,852 21,095,337 9,568,782
Beans and other legumes 8,174,798 22,683,793 10,289,301
Spinach 4,406,552 8,643,322 3,920,585
Corn 41,113,409 103,261,881 46,839,282
Potatoes 13,517,218 66,666,630 30,239,785
Other vegetables 33,878,521 74,006,173 33,568,980
Mixed vegetables 16,192,199 29,660,353 13,453,848
French fries 367,064,855 1,061,678,293 481,574,115
Other prepared potatoes 25,911,589 53,634,380 24,328,395
Prepared corn 17,416,320 42,641,095 19,341,874
Other prepared vegetables 25,438,383 44,466,837 20,170,025

Total, Vegetables 560,414,696 1,528,438,094 693,294,972

Strawberries 19,769,664 29,602,646 13,427,672
Blueberries 27,646,970 34,039,344 15,440,145
Other fruits and berries 46,453,114 72,441,705 32,859,342

Total, Fruits and Berries 93,869,748 136,083,695 61,727,159

Pasta 8,153,877 5,464,919 2,478,871
Bakery Products Puddings 97,334,179 111,926,788 50,769,658
Miscellaneous food
 preparations 62,407,158 72,827,651 33,034,406

Total Miscellaneous 167,895,214 190,219,358 86,282,935

Grand Total 5,512,361,486 10,116,059,906 4,589,065,444

 2003

Category F.A.S. Value Pounds Kilograms

Beef and Veal carcasses
 bone-in cuts 377,087,589 242,908,296 110,181,331
Beef and Veal, boneless 953,349,554 618,715,126 280,644,412
Swine carcasses and cuts 486,067,688 568,664,317 257,914,751
Mutton and Lamb carcasses
 and cuts 4,677,646 4,973,932 2,256,137
Tongues, Livers, offal 497,349,618 836,623,793 379,486,104
Whole Chickens 17,724,832 42,011,059 19,055,897
Chicken parts and offal 1,313,696,008 4,490,622,459 2,036,911,735
Whole Turkey, parts and
 offal 121,989,201 262,173,410 118,919,838
Other Poultry and offal 6,072,090 8,942,577 4,056,284

Total Meat & Poultry 3,778,104,226 7,075,634,969 3,209,453,489

Sockeye Salmon, whole 95,115,639 52,013,988 23,593,144
Other Pacific Salmon,
 whole 104,163,868 102,724,296 46,594,949
Trout, whole 3,556,541 1,731,407 785,380
Atlantic Salmon,
 Salmonidae, whole 594,164 616,732 279,745
Halibut and Turbot, whole 19,839,766 9,803,809 4,446,932
Sole and Plaice, whole 40,290,344 86,915,342 39,424,129
Other Flatfish, whole 18,677,203 34,268,206 15,543,794
Tuna, whole 23,456,411 26,420,101 11,983,954
Herring, whole 17,737,945 35,589,670 16,142,293
Cod, whole 137,936,208 144,887,482 65,719,845
Whiting and Hake, whole 19,771,655 36,311,783 16,470,745
Sable Fish, whole 66,868,533 25,144,488 11,405,346
Other Fish, whole 211,902,399 347,565,377 157,652,976
Alaska Pollock Roe 288,382,256 47,904,919 21,729,302
Other Roe and Livers 123,722,887 45,765,705 20,758,971
Cod fillets 11,282,943 10,701,017 4,853,899
Alaska Pollock fillets 132,671,388 155,127,290 70,364,543
Other fillets 39,497,622 23,690,195 10,745,690
Surimi 331,249,248 386,112,959 175,137,862
Other fish meat 47,187,724 50,232,048 22,784,870
Rock Lobsters 4,368,691 444,825 201,769
Lobsters, shell-on 10,089,378 1,651,282 749,009
Shrimp, shell-on 33,253,219 9,719,775 4,408,815
Shrimp, peeled 19,355,730 6,744,570 3,059,285
King Crabs 50,116,945 8,688,179 3,940,891
Snow Crabs 37,712,047 8,645,065 3,921,335
Other crabs and crab meat 7,067,545 1,761,571 799,035
Other crustaceans 1,665,716 520,937 236,293
Squid fillets 11,570,158 21,426,797 9,719,030
Crab meat, prepared 3,580,811 1,149,489 520,943
Shrimp, prepared 15,069,005 1,864,561 4,154,747

Total, Fish and Seafood 1,927,753,959 1,686,142,923 768,129,521

Peas 8,611,594 24,698,656 11,203,120
Beans and other legumes 7,844,113 19,666,597 8,920,617
Spinach 4,357,529 8,833,552 4,006,831
Corn 43,558,641 105,393,978 47,805,896
Potatoes 4,701,339 10,757,332 4,879,443
Other vegetables 29,947,759 66,752,102 30,278,511
Mixed vegetables 14,112,835 25,663,767 11,640,887
French fries 312,505,473 935,689,797 424,421,680
Other prepared potatoes 19,005,927 44,139,650 20,021,405
Prepared corn 18,408,631 47,949,977 21,749,740
Other prepared vegetables 27,258,836 59,640,531 27,052,485

Total, Vegetables 490,312,677 1,349,185,939 611,980,615

Strawberries 14,644,654 22,920,705 10,396,655
Blueberries 12,721,655 18,873,037 8,560,664
Other fruits and berries 53,296,566 93,432,465 42,380,246

Total, Fruits and Berries 80,662,875 135,226,147 61,337,563

Pasta 9,045,536 6,382,880 2,895,225
Bakery Products Puddings 95,022,394 109,452,519 49,646,819
Miscellaneous food
 preparations 62,762,184 69,877,226 31,695,771

Total Miscellaneous 166,830,114 185,712,625 84,237,815

Grand Total 6,443,663,851 10,431,902,603 4,735,139,005

Source: Bureau of the Census, Food Institute.
COPYRIGHT 2005 E.W. Williams Publications, Inc.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
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Date:Oct 1, 2005
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